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About The Oregonian. (Portland, O.T. [Or.]) 1850-1854 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 4, 1850)
f3iitMMiM IMr&ifNDX .
rPtf T? -rttJTPWrTiW
I Ili!i Ult llilXUiM 1 AjM .
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER -4, iS30
b-1 . '
KP" Mr. E-. M. GEllGER j authorised
'to'recnvtf and receipt subscriptions, fur lIyicItlibut willKEVEn retreaL
To ths People of Oregon
We'are. at length, after -mahy vexations
'delays, amt unloosed for disappolntirjenls
ibryoiid our control, enabled to present (o
tb people of Oregon tho first number of
the" Obuuoxian." Cutfom has made it
necessary, and justice demands that we
should statt plain'' what course we intend
to4pursue in the Allure
Politically the ,,Oiegonhn,will sus
fa"in the present Administration- and advo-j
cate al! the principles of the great Whig
'party of the United States, so long as they
(end to produce results beneficial to the in
terests or the couAfry at Iargej and to foster
andjigtfrri tfwlicttfjural and Cdmmn.
iai ... eslt of Dragon,
Believing, as we do, that Ifr'all countries
where civil sjid religious liberty is tolerated,
the rights of the people guarded, and the
interests of the commonwealth protected,
'political parties must exist. That the bal
lot box is the safty valve of all Republics;,
Public Officers the servants of the people,
responsible alone to their constituency,
,whoarc in facland truth the Sovereigns of
We believe, also, the "right op fran
jcutsn" as guaranteed to all men- by the con
stitutions of our Country, to ba the most
sacred and important of any other, and
should be exercised in its fullest and broad
est extent. That in the discharge- of this
important trust men should understand ful
ly the doctrine and principles of the politi
cal parties pf the day. That the only way
to arrive at correct and propr conclusions,
is to judge men bv their acts."
The past history of the two great politi
cal parlies are before the. world, susceptible
of investigation arid censure, to which we
invoke tho attention of the.people of Ore
gon. It shall be our aim at all times to do
Justice to all; lo approve that which in our
opinion is worthy of approbation; and con
demn .what we'eonpeive to be wrong, let
it emAoale from whatever source' if may.
We uold it to bp'not only a right, but a
duty, ai public journalists to investigate
tile public ar -f ". men, and their
-1 -4 txt'tioss of jjsponsibilil and
yorif i Ihiiht Ve 'sff-iU freely tfxtrclsb
without fear tr favor from any.
Under no circumstances- will we be
drawn into individual controversies, or Io
al,aid tival interests; our ai;n and end
'i Sjlfcbe" at all times to "render unto Caxar
Hhe thirfja-thatare Cesar's." "Oregon" be
ting onr "bark,11 to her we-ahall cling so
Ijng&s there is a plank left-.
'Hie agricultural developments-and com
jnefc al resources of Oregon, which is the
kfceet anchorof its safety j and the true source
jo .ittsluture greatness, will claim large
Ajjareof our attention, that "tboso 4t a dis.
ince may understand- the true- and impar
tial stale of affairs, and thereby V enabled
to arrivo at jul and proper conclusions in
reference to this territory.
The mirant and labormr willt olways
!find us ready and willing to render ail (he
assistance, which God and nature has given
tus", tp deftd-iheir rilits.antl protect their
(interests- from invasion. Knowing, as we do,
that without emigration and labor, this,
.'kjtl all other countries must wither and
Ukcat; and Unit the commercial and rnp.
chanicat interests are dependent upon, and
aef-ond to till.
Mokallt. fe nhail Ke found the ndvo
ciies of sound moril, without reference to
denominations or sects. It being a cardinal
principle wKh Us, that ALiy it&t have Jthe
jinallenabljtj .rignt Ho worship God under
jthrir own vine and JFe, jn Jifif own
jwayjnnd if ronfiers not by what namo they
itR known, or to what sect ihpy belong; so
Uiat tlrcy crate to do evil and learn, to do
Our column will always be open for thej
evrionment o: moral anu religious truths,
and the prnptjatiod of principles which tend
W.eleiate- the:andard of.huraanily-. and
benefit our rdce.
Tootir contemporaries WB-Monld savvWe
desire Uidt a peaceful and friendly feeling
.'may prrvnil tti a'l time to -come. Wu have
not cmno hereto wage war against Uiose
ttho may differ with us in opinion, orvhose
jponiical aimp!ion, or geographical loca
tion may differ from ours- Dul hulding lo
ihr doctrine ttntt everyiman is tho gover
nor of hi own acts thf keeper of lilsuwn
. .conncience tne aroitcr ot ins own ngnis, I tion as lo Who we-wcre and Wltai WoS-lhu por ji wu.-wwise ami n.cr n.ivigauon. wrub immcni, y wtini, r ueen, iu umer hoi- it- unuereuivu ijviuiriiriiiinatiuii(ii i imy mi-frafing racu -rnomn. Ann aitntuian
Jind llie defender of hit own ccoirsct iveifrieht io queniohf Capt. Hall said uh a Theyr more cjuily handled, rvqmiefew-i the arena oi prreuiml piques Uiat inayexU " ?&? eidbut that the fact fl have been unable to obtain ah accbrffo
srStWith all the ability amb rirv-i.W:tliht? !-ri- whV nmihr -Iri PdrllBiK!.&c voyage bnticrn hrruuiudiaJfftmctJcoj!ttcK aa cow'ards -alwdya jise. UAt:f f.:i:f .rm- nWihl.'- ' Vnfrvv;5 hornrnP,i hv ff,", hr, i.. Ji. ..f. ,,
r.? .i ... ... ... I . ... t. i.ar .i.- . . .rr.r-. t .- .-. t i. '. .!.. ..i i- t ..- .t i j . ..zlIc-. ..i t.i. 2..1 ii..i rnw.L.. utit .;..u, I t.ll.. 1
&h-ichwctaro possessed. ' lSowiJe.hLcB3M1UiiL 'UMl. ' . fstf CllAP:Nt J the river, am othcrij llwi thV Ihcralek1
- . r- 'y-- 8--f- r " rrTn.i MJiMin-MfF------ :Mri,,M'MaMM,'Mtt;::MMw ttiM"a'l,Ma "
. .. . v . jk. ,. - - - , - - -1- wji a-a - ---'fc.i i iniMB.- - 3-MCBcr n.'3imr.a"rj i - . i t- . t. ?-
Our grotint) being " Inift markfed out--oar
.. -, .. Jani,-.!.. tv Ura.
bUUI r" wjttllll V Ufcvy wi-w unw w "-
UI the peoplr of Oregon Will sustain as,
tyell; i not, when the last MMridgeUtlfed,
;an(j not one 8hol Jen jn fhe jgyj we
j?fv the last inaif. we rrCefvcd dhlciaf
Notice- from the Department at Washing-
ton City, that this paper has been selected,
a"nd the prbprittor duly appointed Publish
er of the Laws of the United States.
Orcjfon Lniul Bltf. .
Weprcsent to our readers, to-dayj the
Oregon Land Bill," as passed "at n late hour
of the Session of Cngress, just closed.
Whether it is, in all . lespects, what the
peoplo of this Tcritory desired, we are not
prepared to say; bnt that it will give gen
cral satisfaction, we believe to bo true
New every one can fdy with a certainty
upon hia calculation, and wbrlc with his
oyes opeq. Walnut nansj will. lej jhelr
cuprdiir gel the better pf their judgment,
and lead (hem into broHs and difficulties,
in which they may have trouble to extri
cate themielve. The main features of the
Law appear peifeclly clear and well de
fined, although there seems to be some am
biguity in some parts of fy which will, no
doubt, receive a variefy of constructions
from those whose individual interests, may
bo effected thereby. We hopo all will re
cognise this fact, that it is the law of the
land, that its effects will be a sofirce of ben
efit lo this country of incalculable magni
tude, in which all ran partake. And that
we shall allseltlo down harmoniously under
it, and become a happy coulfy, in all that
constitutes true greatness.
Nothing is more important lo a new coun
try, than the early attention of the people,
to the laying out and improving of Public
Roads, and thereby making access to and
from the rivers, which will always ha the
great highway by which the products of
the country will seek a market, as well as
the receipt of supplies. " - - -
. We therefore respectfully call the atten
tion of the poopleOf Oregon lo this all;(ra
portant subject, as they are directly and
deeply interested io it, and should act with
efficiency, energy, and in concert to thp
accomplishment of,the ends desired.
(EF" Justice fb o -W.lyeB, ds vrtA if to dpr
readers, require atir hands some explana
tion for the late appearance of the "Orego-
nian." The fads are theie: We shipped ouri
materials and hands" on the bark "Keoka,"
at San Francisco on'Jhe Sth of October,
willi the assurance. Iroin the agents there,-
and Capt. Hall, that she would be in the
Columbia river in 12 daysj al farthest, and
lliat when in the river, no detention could
possibly occur, as vessels belonging to this
line were towed up the river by steam.
Upon ourarrival here, we -found the ve.iel
had not yet arrived, although much more
time had elapsed thaft wa3 represented to
us as requisite for the passige. After wait
ing nearly two weeks, we heard that, the
Keoka was in the river, and was hourly
expected; although we learned to ouraston.
ishment that the Steam Boat was building,
which was to be employed, when complet
ed, in towin; vessels p the'jriverj condi
tioned, we suppose, -thai those having ves
sels in charge saw fit. lo employ her for
Some week or mure after the "Keoka"
was reported as having left Astoria, and
when forbearance had ceased lo be a virtue
almost, with us, Capt. Hal I, of the Ocean
Bird lhe father of Capt. Hall or the "Ke
oka," and One of lhe owners, who had just
corne up the river, was pointed out to us in
the street; we approached him and with
as gentlemanly demeanor as we were cap-
able, of using, enquired, of .him .whxn.
mighf expeel Uie "Keoka." lo arrive; at the
fame time Idling him We bad some freight
on hoard orher, and that wfe were extremely
anxious to receive it. He ?ery blMlynd
With apparent Indigiiilr, told -" he. didn't
khowj-ncilher did h.cafe," and &aid ''we
donH agree to deliver freight at any partic
ular limp?' vf the1!) remarked o this lobo
ly Capl. (hat il had been represented to us
that this vessehwasto be lowed up the riv
er bv a Steamer, and that it wus u ailvrr
tided in the newspapers nt Sjn Frnncisco.
rle liter replied that the advertisement did
not say whbx they were to ose steam, and
abruptly IcA Ust reitfarKiti tint the amoun1
of our height 'was oJ lituV ronscqt:e.nco to
him. In renlv loan enqniry made afferwarils
by a gentleman who heard lhe coaversa-
we had always supposed when MOhoiunLE,
atosKiNDEDHHH reprejenteda thinztouc.petrecxpioiieP'fcirt when will wc nave
TKOBi that it wa tree; ad that no hoSocx- plank side walks ill Portland? A Our neih
,. -. ..- .. .- . ,...:,.. ,. . .,,. ......
for Che purpose of securing; the sip.all rPecf, b Which Wr", hef e. ate sf fahgeri. ! veietf Rfbrtiiriat1 pti! 6 sea In an unsea
amount or freight we had." Ahd further 1tw, ,,. . .." , . tf . .r wthy condition, and came dear being lost,
w, h hn a,,K..in,o,i - ,,-tvn tJ lCWt ra" Wd alien Iit of bhr r&u1ertnd had finally 10 return to this port.-
kind ol treatment frbrrtlhose We armroached .. 1 w K ": "uw,"w5 :. . ' .: ?: VV.i'V7: Vj T" v'" that Immediately concern e welfaf 6 of UW
.upon business malte,
1 z.uu 11, -. -:..i!
nuu 111c wvtiiiiiuii v.llil
he personal reflection
little d n whig piper.
at the same time we"
special faro? il"Capl.
annihilate us; but will let the little papr
live long etiough to give publicity lo that.
lino of ?ACKGTi from San Francisco'wiitd!
Ang lowed up by stem,'(withoul saying
t'pdo wbst oieef dolh ibis Cae&r feed, that
he has grown so gresu"
Another week elapsed and we Were com
pelled to charter the Sknkum Chuck,'
Capf; Jlmc Coburnj withKhL ;ve
'"toot paseag -in search of the 'Keoka,"
which wo found quietly reposing at her
anchor some fifty miles below. Aftef re
ceiving. tho "small ambbnt Of freight,"
which was-of so little consequence lo Capt.
Hall of the Ocean Bird, but of considerable
to us, we comm'enccd ascending the river.
Capt. Coburn accomplished the trip of one
hundred miles, in two and a half days, (not
with steam,) but with power equal to aix
Indians. We presume shd will remain,
where we left her, (uritil the steamer is
completed,) and ihen be "toWctl. up by
steam," agreeable to her advertisement.
When she arrives, we will duly and form
ally announce the fact.
TUESDAT MOIUilXG. v
Since the above was in type, to. the utter
astonishment of every body, the " Keoka,"
was seen this morning in the river opposite
our office, FORTY EIGHT DAYS from
San Francisco. The ''Flying Dutchman,"
or some other demon of the tempest1
must have had a hand in the mailer, or
wis she "toweu up by steam?" Why
don't the authorities lire the big gun
hoist the flag, and play the-: ?
Steamer Gold Hantero
Through the indefatigueable energy of
Capt. James L. Losing, w have a.prb.pect
of securing' the Gold Hunter as a. regular
Packet, to run between this place and San
Francisco. There is, perhaps, no fteamer
On the Pgrific belter adapteJ tortus iratlc
than lhe' Q- II. She combines speed,
strength, safety and comfort, and all the de
sirable requisite to make her a popular and
important acquisition to the growing com
merce between California and Oregon.
Capt. Loring in connection with some other
gentlemen are about purchasing the abuvq.
vessel for lhe purpose named Go ahead
gentlemen may your most sanguine hopes
be more than realised. We have been
personally acquainted- with Capt. Loring
for years, and know him lo be just the man
for such an enterprise, ha:ng been long
engaged in Steam Boat navigation upon the
Ohio and Misihsippi rivers.
We are Under obligations to F. J. B.
Peacuy,' Esq., purser of the "Gold Hunter"
for late papers and Other favor?.
PORTLAND AND VALLEY
We would respectfully call tlic attention
of bur readers to the communication of
W. W. Chaplnan, Esq., in reference to the
prospects and progress of a Rail Road Irom
Portland lo Lafayette, in Yam Hill county.
From Iho substantial evidence manifested
by those npon whom we can rely (viz.) far
mers, mechanics and merchant, whose
names, with the several amounts of stock'
subscribed fgr we have seen. Weafepon
fide'nl that die Work carl and will be speedily
ronsumalcd. And that it w ill prove a prof-
4rrvelfnenttD4hFstDck - ii
as an improvement to the interest of Ore
gon,wiiich is only the beginning ol a system
Of INTERNAL lilPUOVEJlENTS Oil the Pjclfifc
shores thai will eventually place Oregon
where the God of naiuic detgned.
Our limits will not admit ol comment
ing on the many advantages to be secured
by Ihiu wMrk, this vveek. Al a'fulurtf lime
wc deiign to c'auvass iliia matter, and pre;
enl to our readers tho reason why all
should Tavor the project without reference
to local or rival interests.
TWe afe clad to aee tlia( a class of
vessels hitherto rare in our Waters, ar cn
terin the trade; we mean fiirti and nft
JrJiooiiers. The cdvantnges of Ihesc ov
loro riggwl wrl, H evident, fur all pur-
"will redeire it as a.rt mapexecuieu ry nu, bnowden, fcsa,V "J. ; Ili . i ;r " I K,iu htd in accordance-trhH pfevinus trfag,and
H.wilIno entirely be seen at our ofucei T. hVStit;
liTBeqirrslioM fiow ' fcOT ''will Sah-f
im. lIviA AiX9..Z ir.Lf...il ..C O 1T tf-.l. !..:: IU m. A ? ..... I ..- -...! i. ...
rlblt would comport TSiVZ "rZt " TS. iCWaln is in a v,rv danros condit Wf ?.?Sffi ..,, , ....
LI art. I nMiurJ ir. rn.n. i ttIXT2II...-tt U'HP lllKPIl KICK'WlIIl Iflf Plllllfm. 1 IIP . t
ties of life As to .. , ... ..... . ' bill tnerf are some hopes of hi recovery. .. . ..,.-,.. ,.,.L ,i , . : . ..:
..po-.or.o 0 r;j:!!!!ry ""ssibrf3rsLs
, we care nothing, ' ..;,. . ' -." L ..&.:&, iHr rf--l..t,.-- ... hV or disapprove finy of ydilf ats,
'We havrfewirnf the first numberof the"
Veilrrn Star nublished al Milwaukie. bv
ce, will compare favorably with the best
qnintry papers: in the States. We had un--
uVilood thai it was to be neutral in pol
tot wo see it is Democratic. Aside from It
tcs, we wishf abttndint iuccjr
Tho3a of odf readers" who desire lu pur
chase goods chpa"p, will do wfill to look over
our advertising columns, as it is proverbial,
that those who advertise liberally always
sell more goods, consequently cau sell at a
0The Steamer "Gold Hunter, Lieut
Blunt, U. S. N., commzndimr, took all by
surprise, on Sunday last, by his unexpected
arrival in our port.
The G. H. is one of the finest SteameM
on the Pacific, and commanded by an able
efficient, and gehtlemadly officer ol our
navy, which will make any Steamer, of
even ordinary qualifications popular.
We learn the Gold Hunter, w ill.sail in
a day or iwo (or San Francisco direct, thus
affoVding an excellent opportunity for those
who desire lo visit California or who are
returning to the States, a pleasant, sate and
U3rWe present to our readers to-day,
the first, annual Message of Gov. Gaines.
It Will be seed that in consequence of the
"tardy movement of the mails ; his Excellen
cy had not received information of the
final-passage of lh "Oregon Lnnd-Bill." a1
the time of writing the Message, which
will! fully explain the reference made to
that important measure in it.
This Message needs no eulogy from us..
It is n plain, ilraight forward, manly pro-
Oreann. We commend a. careful perusal
of it from all".
. . r 7", . ..
XfWo learn firom private and other
sources, from California, lhat James M.
Cra c4 Esq., Editor of the "California'
nires on the 4fh of March next. We have
rfvjii ilisl such a ilucunieoj as the inter- i&sjtejun-utjs prrcressinaL-Bdd t
Ui. countrv.Vemaiul ; and cre-dUa7?Pr'c,I DOUl u o.i'- 7
, -alike to the author and the pt-ople oP . o . , tnn , f ... ,fauk ft V6ur M.
Cou.jer," will probJbJy bo ejerteu to llie.ieis, stoics, txi.. Uii:w.im.ti, ..
U, S. Senate, from that new State, in place , j" .v V H ZM
. , . ., ' e a. -flow of it. accompanied with vjoleiirwinds-.
of Col. Fremont, whose lefm of office exo T,, .' . ;. lhe .,. .J, fhd
long been connected with Judge Crane, as ther it is about nn even up. TheCalifor
associate Editor of a public Journal, therc-'nia brought us a large lisl of psseogtrs.---fo:e
wo know him well, and thus knowing j111 be" H-00 niglrt-all 's well. S.
him, we ore prepared to say that the inter-
esl jA California could be trusted to no bet
ter raan. His character fur integrity is
a.- . . . . .-
unimpeachable, his ability unquestioned,
and his- patriotism undoubted.. With siich
a man in the Serial of the U.S., California
will be well guarded in all her "varied iris
terests, and represented in a manner cred
itable to herself as a state.
Ve lear n that a B ill is to be given lo the
Officers.of the Steamer Gold Hunter, this 0n last Monday 1 pFdceedeTd direel ia
Wednesday) evening, al Hie City Hotel. Lafayell, In YSirf Hill cuuiily, intending
-1-i id visit the Vjilley gerierally, Uat trig fains
PmccsCunnEST. We design in futur c,njj;ng hicessaiitly, rendering it incdnveu
lorcompilo in thd same column i Price ' ieut to do so. UffsblibiledandlidMpj'Cted
r. L,.t r i... .t.. :.. M.,rlut n
UUIILIJLUI UIW lllllinil waM
San Francisco, corrected vcoBkl', so that j
our readers may bee ut a glance the- differ
ence in the price of articles between iho
two places, all quotatidiis are al th& whole-j
If iitdrni1e7iliQnTo ma'kefiist
paper a commercial as well as an agricul
tural journal) we ask lhe indulgence ol our
readets, ts we are pressed both for time
and space in II v p'felenl number.
Q"!"Otir paper will bo enlarged about.the
first of toarch. We h'ave, oii ihe way
irom New York a new Washington Pressof
largest size, together-wilh an extensive as
sortment of type and other printing male-,
riafs, which wfcrcjhipjieUih September, di -
. .- r.. 5 ..iki. i
recl for Purtlali.l.
Tha rj)rroliWn.le'nf; lindf llt siOnn-
. .. , .c.t.ti. ., !..r,-...,tif.ii 'r..
, . 0-
Hire oi "xianMiii, ia iin)iru iiiiu vuuu-51;
vcrjvuAniTV, ana .r.w.vAt. wuKMMiB5,can;;.jianlsJ ()f Oregon can tike the stock with-
nave im piaec in our columns j neitlirr can
CoireSiJOadMee f the. 0reg6niant
'ep..., rr.r -! of tfftl
.," j . w r j .',-, s 2 . "", ' '. r
Woinin"' of Importance JWs transpired
Jrf wnch ' I ttW lhe fdrm $ !n& ?c:
S"? s!- VV V"1 aJd MLt.:,lfVc"
,-9 mis arrival
ndpef and al
rt iMtbt his
Gold Mlnin'f arid Lahd Tills bills. Then
in forf U U Iaa AiA in, il- fr,.,i. t ifiii.tr
tour friend Orlrie ht fh CbdrWwilt be tfrVI
rman who will fill Mr. F's. filace. If cfner-
y, fidelity and Capacity and preifeujUisites
to thhl office, he: U life rfian If dfcvbtibn
and Hard erV?c"e to lht wlllg party consti
tutes good cause for the election of A Scni
(or, Crane Is erilitled to It oter all others.
When the? res'till :s knSwrif you sllall b5 in
formed of It.
The appointments made by the-Administration"
Tor California are not hoptilar HeW,
but there is till defence of Uie cdur$6 bf
h? President ; he fiad not Uie name's Of
properjy qnaiiried resiueiiis io icieci irom.
The mos( of thtee annointmfn the Cdli-
' r r ....., L. t-.il ...I j.i
lornia courier says, may oe coiuiubu-u h
Only temporary! whidfi 1 have o doflbt i3
the castr. Il is unfair lhat the appomtntehti
for office in California arid Oresbn shoufd
be made from persons livinspn the Atlantic
Stales. The Press here i out 5ainsl iC f o a
man. 1 hope you will fcptfsk otit a defer
mined resentment to the practice. The
press and people of California aud Oregon
Would remedy this evil.
The whigs have drawn the line in Sacra
mento, aud in the first cpnlest, for Alderman
made a clean sweep. They have! an flec
tion for a member of the Legislature jo fiil
the place made Tacant by fhe death of Mr.
Dunlap, and I have no doubt that they will
trmmnhantlv succeed. A&ain the battle is
wBrinr hot here. The indenendents will
l- --o - . . 11.. t .
never make another slruasle. ihey nave
fouahl their last battle. "No sound can
.AWnlp I fio in in rrli-vrv rtaam to
'' You will see by the papm thal'Mr. Dd
'op, pfevibiisly connected with (heCourlgr
office, is about coifimertcing a paper-in San
Jose, and that t Mr. 'James W. Sjmohion
will oon commfnee & WhiJ Jorr" ' k
Sacramento." You see lhat the-wor
I .(; L .;rJ?, iiiipresi.
j The chnlemjs Tasl disappearing Trom lhe
late, and the Indian troubles in the nortH-
- j of (hc Jtaie are abmU lIowith,
'Ourchv is laoidfv prosircfsihg In the
planking of streets and building Op pf he
i.vn nanles have rulf ed in a defeat to riei-
pQRTUND k VaLlET RAILROAD.
I l.l.r r1.!!! III1I .(Man IllflV IIIO .1X.U.1I1 tlic
f r-'Iw-i . J llr,. mn llirNl4rrn Int.
.. , ... -- -. ,. ,u,, ,t, mU
(medium ui uur iiaiiri iu uiuim . ptwjc
jnf vVashington and Yam Hill Counties lor
t their liberal encotiragemenlto thb PortlioJ
.add Valley Railroad Company
A little more than twb" weeRs since lh
articles of ossofcialions were dntit'n tip, fort
implating a Capital of $500,0110 siTHcf
which time, aboul one hundred thpudnd
dollars of stbek h'as been taken in the town
-? p i ?'?
on mv nart. a meelins was neiu at me
X . ' d 2 ".-'
court house in LnTaeUe; on Thursday at 2
Tclock P. M.j VV. J. MSflm wa calle-d to
lhe fchdir.and Mi P Dealy, JEq appointed
Si'crelary. Al Ibis meeting lew pfrsdnS
Bf tending: front ilje coiitHFy-owin 10 lhe
limiied notice) aMitJwtftidriUredarta Sijlt
iv thoufand dollars of Stock was taken.
ffom Lafdyette 1 feiufned rWifiS pfelfv
pittcH oil the route ofheproposed road
only Stop'ping 16" kSe those immediately oil
my waV aiiU Ihfiiigh several or the Iubsin
tial Tanners wvro fibse'ril from home, nirie
out oi twelve pcrsdhs called on, liiblcritied
Hherslly, so that Hi-rP is how slock taknn
(o the atnrtiiitt bf neifly fourhunbfed th&tf
An apology is due to the marly nHhfer?,
j Both ifi YaiR Hill Iliil Wulttiil6ii fcnuulite
j B the lieighborhtfod of whom 1 p6ed wilh
I bnt calling. The" inclemency ot ISie weath-
pfafid ifit2 compelled to be' at hdrhe hi the
jrloie lift he we,-k would riot admil Of fur
ther ilclay. An -opportunity, however,
i ...;! .;, w.t h.(T....i ri- -p.t :.:
, - . i . . ....
win ri wr uuuiru mi auuai i ijhiuii.
I ne earnest aircativ siven is ait assu-
i ,i Jt ,, . . . ' A - .r 1
.. ..V- ...... ... ......... w. ...x w --
"""" " W .......-, ...I W.......x. J... '
out applying ItT.fofeigd capital. I would
is not a draymiri in the streets who doc$
. . not stand a&eiu titarfce lor vicclinn lotii
ItlCS, tihIi-I ciii, b.,; it.-, rv.f X',A,rf
itift&v. wiair uriidic wiait uuit 1 icuiuui
ExKcjmrs Department, 1
Oregon Cily lice. 2d, 1&50. j
GfrttLT.MRRdF TttP. LEGfttflVE A3.irtmLYT
1 rortgrafulate you that re have beeif
Ei'rmtiien ny uivine froriuencei 10 afsem
!e foseiheri to deliberate Upon diitstltfHs
tiriacce'ntable to vt
kerr sm& pains to ascertain the wnti and
nect'ssftics of our commori constituents, anil
with slreat deference sithmit a few obitirva
fiod to your cilh"sideratirfft
Previous to mv leavinr Wdshinston city
in December last, endeavart'd to collect
all the imormation itt my pdvrer, concfrrr
ing uie aimtrs tu urcgon, nun auurfsst-u a
letter in relation thereto, Id General Ta) lor
with- whom I had a Jng W"scw'"isn,
iVitO 1 am Happy In sayj courrert w
me irt all the iiewr taken", I transmit Id ytf
herewith a copy 6! the letfer and ask y
to Consider ita part of tHif COmmunicaliM.f
i on win unserve man urge upon oonres
the propriety of confirming the act of th
Provisional Governrrienf dojiating a ser'tidri
of land to 511 peH&ns over the age. of eight
ecayt'ar?, hb had emigrated to the tpun
try Ahd 1 add, "and lurlHer to eend
the same to all hereaf en who may emigraig
ta thft Territory within a reasonable tehni
Of yeafs or until all Iho land in ihe Terr
tory may be selected, provided said citizen;
shall settle uprin and cu'liivale lhe same.
Experience has convinced me of the cor
rectness of ihese vipwsj ahd thaf whoever
emigrates to Oreg6n has fully earned n sec
tion of land; and should have x prpvided
he settles upon aud cultivates it. With hu
toils and difficulties; 16 be" encountered Ift
emigrating hither, you are all familah I
am not in favor of tliscrimuwting in rpgard
tq grants to actual settlers; the trials .an J
difficulties are nd es? irkspme now, at least
they flfe sufficient fo entitle the emigrant to
more than ordinary jecQrppensc. And a'i
though fhe earlier emigrant suffered many
hardships and deprivations in the Territory t
to which thosfl now arrivjng are but par
tially subjectedj yet, Ihey have had lhe ad
vantage of 6hooSing ihe most desirable situ
ation and are now deeply interested that
; others should be encouraged to make this
l their future-home.
it is uie irue policy oi ine oenrraooT
efnrneht to be liberal in donations Of find
io those A'ho are willing to carry. oh riu'
perfect improvements, that have lariheij
object (he development ol our country
resources, and 1" woifld recomirfe.t
, - norwlizwr ifi Sitdrtrihcl- '
, Pfisl experience has demonstrated1 the im
potiance of having and maintaining a mill
lary defence, such as may b? afforded 'by
the proper training auo dliciplining of ihb
hardy yeomanry, the country's strong atm
when danger presents .itself I therefor
submit the propriety of an immediate orA
ganization of the militia. ,
For the heller accommodation bf th'
great and increasing interests of the Ternj
tor.Vi it is of lhe utmost 'imj"ortance that
roads be established so to connect llie dif
ferent section of the country, that the
may be of easier and more convenient de
cess to pach other. The want of proper !
means ot conveying intel!rgeriC5tfcmpgrj'
tht" Terrioryf and of trarsprting,Triepro
ducts or the soil fri market, h .a been se
verely felt, particularly by those occupying
the mor,e j emote pin of the country. (
would direct more jranicuhrly yoor aiteni
lion to (he immediate establishment of Mads
for lhe purpose of affording 0irifi relief t
those whd may emigrate hereafter, and hoi
only to iirjprqve the roads in lhat direction
but to establish posts for the grciter security
of life and property by intimidating tht
hOitile baud-? of IndlanAhat infest the road4
and alsu7 to allevihte Ihe famishing wants
of the future emigrant.
The sreat suffi-riiif? endured Hits saasdn
Ehould not fail lo impress yoa Wilhita im
portance, am not leave us heretofore; to
private charily. To connect Pugfcl's Soun3
with lhe Columbia river, some point on the
Willamelle willt the ffioulh of Hie ColtinU
bia, and the Willamette valley with '.liat 6f
the Umpqun, arc among those 1 would
name for lhe present. Coriirhiaiiouers
should be jappointed to vh'&z Jocaie; in
mark oiit the principal ro'adu al the expense
of the Territory, and the counties through
which they pas?j required to openj and
.keep them in good order.
To the Federal Government properly &p
longs the imptnvcrncnt of our rivprs and
harbors. There has already been an accu
rutd survey, made of the mouth ol the Co
lumbia, and it, is found to be as safe for ves
sels to ntel by those well acquainted with
the two channel, ns the poFlof New York'..
I 'earn froni the Collector's office lhat mil
of one hundred and severitern vesels that
have entered ihu ihuuth of the Columbia
within the tfighiren mouths intervnin-,
from April l&W, to September lS5d UixfU
hits ben butMmi ressj-Uthat have met UttT
accidents, only one of which was lost.-'
Both accidents happening bdfore the rn
val of Captain While, the abh and indpfali-
1 gable Pilot at the irmufJi of the 'Columbia.
Tlie- numbers of 'veurit Hitfrlu and trading
c te w.
' on th
e Columbia and thd Willamette h tip.
win noi oe imacrfiiianie iu vou. 1 nave is-