Portland observer. (Portland, Or.) 1970-current, July 25, 1984, Image 1

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ty of Oregon Library
What's News?
Project Censored, at Sonoma State University, names the tsn "Bast Censored"
stories of last year. These stories are among the top ten for 1983 1) Israeli Arms
Sales to Central America; 2) USSR Nuclear Freeaa Proposal; 3) U S Agricultural
Disaster; 4) Nuclear Navy Accidents; B) KAL007 Victim of Spy War?, and BI DNA
ft Biological Warfare.
Central City
Death penalty
Page 2
Page 8
Volume XIV, Number 40
July 25. 1964
250 Per Copy
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Young urges global cooperation
by Nathaniel Scott
Democratic National Convention,
Mayor of Atlanta, G a ., Andrew J.
Young, at the in vitation o f the
World Affairs Council of Oregon,
spoke in Portland last Saturday
night on the critical topic: " A
Critique of U.S. Foreign Policy.”
M ayo r Young, form er C o n ­
gressman from G eorgia, form er
Ambassador to the United Nations,
form er “ deputy to D r. M a rtin
Luther King, Jr.,” and an ordained
minister, spoke for approximately
90 minutes.
His speech touched on econom­
ics, both at home and abroad.
“ We have a series o f economic
accidents," M ayor Young said.
“ The next president will have to put
the world in order economically.”
He added, the next president will
inherit “ a federal debt o f $200
billion.” In addition, he said, "The
kinds of problems that might accrue
are the kinds I don't hear either par
ty addressing."
The “ economic crisis" o f the
world, he said, can best be solved
W S?
TYKE'S DELIGHT: Youngster watches from backstage as Te|
Mahal performs for World Music Festival audience at Catlin Gabel
School on Sunday.
* —----- —
(Photo: Richard J. Brown)
Central A merica:
Lindberg, AuCoin denounce bloodshed
Two local liberal politicians made
stong statements in opposition to
Reagan adm inistration policies in
Central America last week.
C ity Commissioner M ik e L in d ­
berg voiced, "strong opposition to
U.S. military activity in El Salvador
and Nicaragua" Thursday at a pic­
nic sponsored by the Portland Cen­
tral America Solidarity Committee
in honor of the fifth anniversary of
the Nicaraguan revolution.
“ I feel very strongly that we
ought to let the government o f
problems,” he said.
Lindberg said he plans to visit
Nicaragua in early August to try and
establish a sister city relationship
between Portland and a community
He said he will travel with mayors
and city council members from
other U .S . cities. Accom panying
him from Portland will be Sherry
Sylvester, a member o f C o m ­
missioner Jordan's staff who acts as
liaison between city hall and P ort­
land's neighborhood associations.
She will study neighborhood groups
in Nicaragua.
On Saturday, Congressman Les
AuCoin made one of the strongest
statements to date by a local
politician against Reagan's Central
American policies.
Speaking to an audience of 150 at
the Northwest Service Center,
AuCoin said that Reagan “ totally
misreads history" when he blames
the revolutions in Central America
on M arxism , Fidel C astro and
“ KGB agents crawling around in
the bushes in all these third world
"Neo-fascist dictators ...who say,
'I 'm a n ti-com m u nist,’ and then
stick out their hands to uncle sugar"
are responsible for "th e most per­
nicious, inhuman brutality seen on
the face of this earth since Adolph
Hitler himself," said AuCoin.
“ They did more to create the
conditions of revolution than Fidel
Castro ever d id .”
" H itle r was anti-communist and
we d id n 't shell out foreign aid to
him in Europe in the 30's .. .I don’t
think we ought to be shelling out
money to his im itators in Central
Am erica or anywhere else in the
A uC oin said U .S . m ilitary in ­
stallations in Honduras are designed
to be permanent “ direct m ilitary
launching pads" for U.S. and U.S.-
supported military adventures in ad­
jo in in g countries. I f Reagan is
reelected, AuCoin predicted, he will
come right back to Congress
demanding more billions in aid to
" I think that the policies that we
are following are policies ...that are
designed to position us, as a coun­
try, to take direct military action in
El Salvador and that region unless
we stop those policies.”
In Central America, said AuCoin,
“ There is real poverty, real hunger,
real disease and real ig n o ran ce."
Revolutions are happening there, he
said, because, “ There's a lim it to
how much repression and denial of
freedom and lib erty and human
rights human beings will withstand
before they finally say, 'Enough is
enough, we are going to pick up the
tools we need to change the order.’ ”
through “ a global infrastructure:*'
nations and governments and
private industry contributing to the
bettermen’ of mankind.
An example of how governments
can work for the betterment of
m ankind. Mayor Young said, “ Is
the pipeline the Europeans are
developing with the Russians: it
creates jobs for people in Europe.”
Furthermore, he said, " A similar
kind of pipeline could go through
the Sahara Desert or through
Panama. It's technically possible,”
he added.
Mayor Young said his vision of
the " in fra s tru c tu re " entails a
banking system t.sat will allow bonds
to be sold and resources "put into a
global infrastructure that would
feed the hungry and clothe the
He added, by way o f emphasis,
that " It 's cheaper to build an a ir­
port ...th a n to support an in ­
In answer to a question about not
•«eking the presidency, he said, " I
d id n ’ t think I could get elected
president ...a n d I also thought it
was important that the Democrats
come together to defeat (President)
Ronald Reagan.”
And such thinking, at least in
part, caused him to be " in a very
embarrassing position at the con­
v e n tio n ,” he said. “ The real
problem (when he was booed at the
convention) was a (kind of) tension
between confrontation politics and
coalition politics. Coalition politics
is much more needed at this time,"
he added, as he addressed Black
America’s “ difficult problem ...(of)
being right morally.”
He said, “ Blacks, the same as
(Photo: Richard J. Brown)
everybody else in America, should
not be locked into single minded­
Mayor Young also told a story
about how he, along with the late
Dr King, were booed by Blacks
during the sixties because they were
trying to "negotiate” their way into
the Alabam a Democratic P arty.
There is a message there, one young
lady I spoke with after his speech
said. He seems to be talking about
"political savvy” and keeping alive
the memory of those who fought for
the Civil Rights we as Black people
enjoy. “ Mayor Young was there,"
she added, ' “ locked into single
mindedncss' with Dr. King."
M ayor Y oung’s speech and
question and answer session
touched upon many issues that are
of paramount concern.
For instance, he said, "Apartheid's
days (in South A fric a ) are num ­
bered; the quality of leadership (in
South Africa) assures me of that.”
Poland, he said, “ Is one o f the
countries that's going to develop a
crack in the ‘ Iron C u r ta in .'“ He
added that, “ Whenever you get
your basic needs met, (foo d ,
clothing and shelter), the human
soul cries out for freedom.
“ You can wipe out 27 o f the
diseases that plague A frica if you
provide fresh w a te r," he said. " I l
can be done at the cost o f the
military aid we have provided South
Africa with in recent years.
" I f someone had said (some 30
years ago) I would go to Congress,
help get a South 'Georgia cracker*
elected president, be appointed
Ambassador to the U .N . by him,
and become M ayor o f A tla n ta , I
would have recommended them to
the insane asylum,” Mayor Young
said. "Peace is possible, prosperity
is possible ...(and ) and only thing
we seem to be short of today is a
vision that we can accomplish.”
Macy's strike gains support
by Catherine Siegner
Members of Oregon's delegation
to the Democratic National Conven
lion took time out from hectic
politicking at the Moscone Center
last week to walk the picket line with
striking employees of Macy's San
Francisco department stores.
T w o thousand M acy's workers
went on strike, July 8th, after their
contract expired in early June. Fer­
dinand White, from Local 1100 of
the United Food and Commercial
W orkers U nion , and a 23-year
Macy's employee, said at issue are
m ajor cutbacks in wages and
"For medical, they want us to pay
$50 and up. They want us to work
on Sundays and holidays with no
choice. They want to take the
double time away which they o f­
fered to us for holidays, and for the
young people starting into the store,
they want them to work straight
time for the holidays.”
White said Macy's in San Fran­
cisco made more than $200 million
last year, bought the Liberty House
chain this year, and will open two
new stores in M ann County (across
the bay from San Francisco) in
"W e are not looking for any wage
increase. If we get it, it's fine, but
we want our benefits kept the same
way with no takebacks at a ll.” He
said the takebacks, if successful,
could cost some workers up to
$3,500 per year.
White said negotiations had oc­
curred only since the strike was
called, and that since pickets ap­
peared, Macy's profits have been
affected adversely.
“ A couple of departments have
lost about $22,000 Iasi week ...it has
hurt them in a lot of departments.
My own department is losing about
$2,000 a day on the wine and
The Macy's strikers found sym
palhy from many Democratic con­
vention-goers, W hite said. " T h e
Democrats have been wonderful. I
would say 99% of the Democratic
convention didn't shop at Macy's.
“ The New York caucus was on
our picket line; Oregon was on our
picket line; I think we had about 15
or 10. The Texas caucus came on
our picket line too.”
As White and his fellow strikers
marched last week with picket signs
(Please turn to page 9, column 5)
Unwritten laws o f nature bind Indians and salmon together
Sohappy and 74 other Indians
remain out on appeal on charges of
selling salmon caught illegally. They
face up to ten years in jail. In April,
Sohappy and his family, of Cook's
Landing, W ashington, and other
families living at traditional fishing
sites along the Columbia, were served
with eviction notices by the Bureau
of Indian Affairs. So far, they have
refused to move, and their feelings
that the government is out to
destroy their way of life remain.
Last in a series
by Robert Lothian
Salmon fishing on the Columbia
River provides Indians an average
per-capita income of $2,000 a year,
"w ay below poverty level,” accor­
ding to Y akim a In d ian David
“ More and more Indians would
start fishing, and less would be on
welfare like they are now," he said,
if the rules restricting Indian fishing
were lifted and more rules put on the
white fishermen. “ That's all (the
Indians' want,” he said, "is a chance
to get back some of their living.”
Sohappy, his immediate family of
19 and many ad dition al relatives
depend on what he takes as a
fisherman during the short season.
The Indians share their catch, their
boats, equipment and fishing sites.
“ So many people depend on one
boat," he said.
They trade for roots, venison and
vegetables and engage in "interstate
commerce,” trading salmon to In ­
dians from Oregon as their an­
cestors did. The Indian salmon
fishermen are "s till living the way
we did before the white man came,
living the natural way of life,” said
Sohappy. Their life is much better
than if they lived on the reservation,
he said, where unem ploym ent,
health problems and early death
“ I ’ ve lived here 20 years,” he
said. " I ’ ve never been on welfare.
Social Security or unemployment. I
won’ t take anything from the
Sohappy is a religious elder of the
seven-drum religion. Groups of 30 -
40 local Indians gather at his home
at C oo k’s Landing for ceremonies.
" W e ’ve been holding feasts here for
I don't know how lo n g ," he said.
“ This religion o f ours has been
dying out but i t ’s coming back
The salmon is central to Indian
religious life. "Wherever we go, we
take fish along,” to funerals, feasts
and memorial services, he said.
The Indians and the salmon
depend on each other, said Sohap­
py. The Indians must be able to fish
for the salmon, and use it religiously
or they will both die out. “ As long
as we are catching that fish, it will
return to us 1000 tim es," he said.
The white man doesn’t know how to
use the salmon, and has no spiritual
feeling for it, he said, and that's
why the white man is destroying the
salmon with dams, commercial and
sports fishing
He spoke of the unwritten laws of
nature which the Indian learns to
respect, religiously— weather, for
instance. Where the Indian and the
salmon are living in harmony and
thriving, he said, the weather gets
better. “ The weather would do
anything to protect us,” he said,
"u ntil we get our rights.” Sohappy
believes that the floods, tornadoes
and blizzards plaguing parts of the
country is nature's revenge on the
white man.
“ You keep denying the Indians
their fishing rights, you are going to
be spending billions on weather-
related things,” he said "The white
race is going to annihilate (he world
...it won't be long now. It’s going to
keep going until they stop."
Sohappy says that according to
Indian religion, as the destruction of
the world becomes im m inent, the
Indians w ill be transported to a
place where they will learn to sur­
vive in a world destroyed by the
white man. Then they w ill come
back and nature will be in harmony
once again "W e've been here since
time began,” said Sohappy, “ and
we’ ll be here after the rest o f the
race is wiped out "