Portland observer. (Portland, Or.) 1970-current, August 28, 1975, Page 6, Image 6

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Page A
Portland Observer
Thursday. August 28. 1975
Conflicts increase as Angola nears independence
by R. Harvey
The Portuguese colony
Angola ia scheduled (or
independence N ovem ber
11th •• thus over 450 years
of colonial stagnation comes
to an end Elections will be
held to determine who will
govern, but the passing of
power from the control of
Portugal is in Angola a
vivid reflection of the inter
national political contest.
For over fifteen years the
Popular Movement for the
L ib e r a t io n
o f A n g o la
iM P L A I has fought mili­
tarily the Salazar Caetano
colonial regime.
The Por
tuguese colonies of Guine'
Bissau and M ozam bique
have already won indepen­
dence. But the transfer of
power in Angola is more
complicated, even though
the progressive ruling Por­
tuguese A rm ed
Forces
Movement I M F AI in Portu­
gal under Prime Minister
Vasco Goncalves is itself
committed to ensuring an
orderly decolonizing process
in the west African colony
in Angola.
Three interrelated fac­
tors create this complies
tion.
First, the immense
mineral richness of the
country (zinc, oil, iron ore.
etcl; second, the proximity
to the apartheid Republic of
South Africa; the third
factor: the Maoist involve­
ment.
The wealth: the mineral-
rich Angolan is itself being
held onto by the "Seven
Sisters." the seven giant oil
corporations (especially Gulf
Oil) and international fi­
nance. within which the
Rockefeller interests pre­
dominate.
Consequently
Dr. Agostinho Neto, president of the M PLA
the C IA has been deployed
for two decades to ensure
Independence Day does
not see their employers left
out in the cold.
British
colonial experience in Ken
ya under General Frank
Kitson established
the
"counter-gang" as the prin
ciple method for maintain
ing neo-colonial control.
Under Kitson, the Mau Mau
were destroyed; Kenya was
allowed independence via
hand picked agents.
The C IA in Angola has
two such "counter gangs";
one (U N IT A ) until recently
had a 'left cover'; the other.
FN’IA . a tribalist assem­
blage. no longer bothers to
launder its C IA money.
The
Benguela
railroad
through
Angola
is
the
primary remaining outlet
for Zairean and Zambian
copper.
Should this rail
road fall into the "wrong
hands", international bank
ing control of both countries
w o u ld
be
s e r i o u s ly
threatened Likewise when
Workshops study women’s roll
A workshop on "Chang
ing Roles for Women" is
one of fourteen
special
courses offered at Portland
State University this fall as
part of the informal pro­
gram of women's studies.
The workshop taught by
Alice Braun, a Portland
resident
who
has
re ­
searched women's issues
extensively, will be offered
Thursday evenings
from
6:40-9:20 p.m. starting Oc
tober 2nd.
The objective of the
workshop is to help women
- especially older women
who are returning to school
after an absence - define
their own roles in the
community.
“The special
approach of the course."
according to Braun, "is to
provide a supportive situa
tion through reading, con
sciousness r a is in g , and
guest speakers for women
to make a transition from
traditional roles to personal
autonomy - from home to
world."
Sections of the workshop
will deal with
women's
fears, the patriarchal sy­
stem and how it operates
against women, and wo­
men's strengths.
Braun, who received a
degree in art education
from the State University
of New York at Buffalo, has
read widely to educate
herself in
many
fields.
Currently, she works at the
Multnomah County Library.
Other courses focusing on
women this fall include the
following:
• "Sex Role Develop
ment" -- Investigates ways
men and women differ in
social behavior, intellectual
activities and achievement.
•
W o m en
and
th e
A m erican L ab or Move
ment" - Presents an his­
torical overview
of the
working class woman in
America, with emphasis on
the role of women in the
trade union movement.
• "Black
W omen in
America" - Explores the
difference in the struggle of
white and Black women in
America, and emphasizes
the development of Black
women from pre slavery to
the present.
O th e r courses include
"Personal Defense," “Afri
can Women." "Sociology of
Women." "Earlier American
Women W riters of Fiction.”
"Courtship and Marriage."
"Women and Their Working
Environment," "History of
the French Language
Woman's Place in Man's
Language," and "Psycho
analysis and Feminism."
Advance registration for
fall term classes at Portland
S tate U n iv e rs ity s ta rts
Monday, August 25th and
runs through Friday. Sep­
tember 12th.
For more information on
women's studies offerings,
call the Women’s Studies
Office at 229 4459 I Room
450. Smith Memorial Cen
ter. S.W. Park and Mont
gomeryl.
Job Corps increases enrollment
The Portland Job Corps
Center operated by Port
land Public Schools has
noted an increase in the
numbers of students at
tending the job training
facility due to the current
uncertain economic situa
tion.
The Center has some 285
students enrolled in the job
training programs this year
as opposed to 255 last year.
Patrick Hickey, director
of the center reported that
the facility this year is
implementing a team teach
ing effort in academic disci
pline including math and
social studies. He said the
center has discontinued an
auto mechanics tra in in g
program and has added a
body.
fender
and
auto
painting program
The programs at the
facility are geared to the
needs of the individual
student. The curriculum is
designed to permit students
to qualify at the entry level
in a particular field of
employment.
The center
also provides a job place
ment. guidance and follow
up services for students.
The Job Corps Center
operates entirely on funds
provided by the U .8. De
partment of laibor
Each
year the Job Corps Center
•qx-rales on about
$1.8
million to provide residen
tial and non residential sup
[>ort and occupational train
ing for students between
the ages of sixteen and
twenty two from the three
metropolitan counties.
The center maintains liv­
ing quarters for men stu­
dents at the Springdale
campus near Troutdale, in
addition to some classrooms
at the location. Residential
facilities for women stu
dents is provided at Vic
toria Hall in Southwest
Portland. Prospective stu
dents
are
in te rvie w e d
through the Youth Oppor­
tunity Center at the Oregon
State Employment Service
The center offers a two-
year program for students.
The center provides in
addition to living quarters,
food, medical care, clothing
a llo w a n c e and p o c k e t
money for men and women
students enrolled in the
programs.
AYOC goes private
Private enterprise will
begin to pick up the tab for
•-duration dropped by the
F ed era l govern m en t in
June of 1975
part time employees
"We want to make the
school self sufficient within
the next four years," Spruill
said
We have to. because
the 2(Xi young people who
attend AYOS each year
simply have no other place
to go to get an education "
AYOS. a year round high
school for dropouts and
students who have been
expelled or tra n s fe rre d
fro m
P o r tla n d
P u b lic
Schools, still receives finan
rial aid from School District
* I
However, it lost (he
hulk of its funding when t ho
federal government dosed
the wallet on Model Cities
Articles of incorporation
'»ere filled this week form
mg a company to provide
iol> training for the stu
dents of the eight year old
Ubina Youth Opportunity
School, and to provide a
(M-rmanenl financial base
for the school's operating
budget, according to AYOS
Director Rance Spruill
I he new corporation,
AYOS Service Limited,"
will now proceed to set up
shiq. as a janitorial service,
using some of I he Oppor
social program earlier this
• unity
slim m er
School students
as
the M PLA . through the
open elections in November,
becomes the government.
South African and Rocke
f e lle r M e llo n
fin a n c ia l
(mineral oil exporting) in­
terests will be lost. South
Africa has long had military
bases in southern Angola,
to assist the Portuguese
colonialists, but now that
the Portuguese government
itself has changed its politi­
cal complexion. South Afri
ca has colluded agreements
with the C IA and the
Maoists directly to stop the
M PLA Thus press rumors
abound in German
and
Swiss papers that South
Africa industrialists have
concluded agreements with
Savimbi of the U N IT A to
succeed southern Angola,
putting the railway into the
ap arth e id
governm ent's
hands. West German news­
papers report July 28th.
that South Africa has of­
fered land had accepted)
arms and advisors to Sa­
vimbi tU N IT A ) to stop the
M PLA.
The third factor compli­
cating the Angolan transi­
tion of power is the China
connection. On the surface
it appears ironical that the
M aoist
backed
U N IT A
should
have concluded
agreements with the C IA in
Angola Ironical again that
the People's Republic of
China is working with the
apartheid
South
African
government, with ex mem­
bers of the Portuguese
secret police iP ID E ) and
other mercenaries, to crush
the M PLA . But that is the
lineup
And on deeper
analysis, it's not odd at all.
M PLA enjoys the full
support of the Organization
of African Unity (CA U) as
well as the support of the
Soviet Union and other
C O M E C O N c o u n t r ie s
M PLA has close fraternal
ties with the E R E l.IM O
government in Mozambique,
and PAIG C in Guine' Bis
sau.
M PLA is led by
medical doctor and inter
n ation ally known poet,
Agostinho Neto. Dozens of
books and countless articles
and films have been pro
duced which illustrate the
microcosm of the intellec
tu a l m o ra l re n a is s a n c e
c h a r a c t e r is t ic
of
th e
achievements of the M P l.A
In light of this, why is it
that China would suppor
C IA co n tro lled counter
gangs in Angola?
Since I960 and the col
lapse of relations between
th e S o v ie ts
and
th e
Maoists,
Maoism has re
portedly increasingly allied
itself with N A T O and the
C IA . Nowhere has this been
more evident than in An
gola. Since 1984 the Chinese
stooped their support of the
hegemonic liberation force
in Angola (M P L A ) and put
their money in the National
leaders of the M P L A confer at the Oostelijk Front
Church visits scheduled
Visits to six places of
worship will be sponsored
by the Portland YW CA
Religious Emphasis Com­
mittee again this fall.
All
adults and young people are
invited to attend.
Mallory Avenue Christian
Church, 126 Northeast Al
berta. (location of North
east YW C A ), will be visited
on September 28th for a
10:45 a.m. service.
An
informal discussion with the
Reverend S titt and a coffee
hour will follow the service.
On October 4th a visit
will be made to Kesser
Is ra e l
Synagogue.
136
Southwest Meade, for a
9:15 service.
A question
and discussion period is
scheduled after services.
The third visit will be
October 12th to Metropoli
U n Baptist Church, 5656
S o u th w e s t H u m p h re y
Boulevard, for an 11:00 a m
service.
The group will
meet with Reverend Wil
liam O. Crews, Jr., after
services.
On October 19th the visit
will be to MounUin Park
Community Church 2 Mt.
Jefferson
Terrace.
Lake
Oswego.
Associate Mini
ster Vern Jaeger will speak
with the group at 10:30
a.m.
Services will be at
11:00 a.m. with the Rev
erend A. John NesUri.
The fifth visit will be to
West Hills U niU rian Fel
lowship. 8470 Southwest
Oleson Road, on October
26th.
A family service is
scheduled for 10:15 am
and will be followed by
Students
offer aid
A free, confidential legal
referral service will resume
August 28th at the Univer
sity of Oregon Law School.
"Ia:gal Connections" is a
service operated by law
students as part of clinical
experience for the “legal
profession" class
The students do not give
legal advice nor act as
advocates. "We simply tell
people who we talk to”
explains Gretchen Miller,
coordinator of the program.
The telephone, 686 3829.
will be sUffed
Monday
through Friday, 6:00 to
10:00 p.m. The service will
continue
throughout
(he
academic yqar. except for
vacation periods, December
4th to January Pith, and
March 19th 28th
regular services at 10:30
am
with the Reverend
Lyle Dobson
Discussion
period will be during ser
vices.
On November 2nd the
visit will be to Greater Mt
Calvary Church of God in
Christ, 11234 Northeast Kill
ingsworth, for a 1:00 a m
service
An informal dis
cusaion with Bishop H B
Pamein
will
follow
the
He was main instructor
for the Indian Education
Program at Huren College
in South Dakota in 1972 and
consultant to the program
during 1972 1973
He had
been adjunct professor of
education since fall, 1971, at
Eastern Washington Slate
College until coming to the
University of Oregon He
had also conducted a part
time, private prarliee of
psychotheraphy
He was director of the
Career Opportunity
Pro
gram
in Spokane
from
September. 1971 to August,
1972
As director of the Wash
ington State Title I II Pro
ject for the Spokane Public
Schools from May. 1969 to
June. 1971, Mills edited the
teacher guide and d<-
veloped units of "Indian
H is to ry * of the Pacific
N o rth w e s t" w ith sound
tapes and films, which have
been used in 2(8) Bureau of
Indian /Vfairs schools and
are offered nationally under
the title "Pride in fieri
ta g » ”
D r Mills was an adult
e d u c a to r fo r m e n ta lly
handicapjied adults and for
Blacks and American In
dians at Spokane Corn
m u n ity
C ollege
during
IM T I97D
From 1961 through 1966,
he worked in s(M-rial educa
tion for mentally retarded
children in the Spokane
Public Schools
Dr. Mills was part Black
feet Indian, lie was the
first chairman of the board
of the American Indian
Movement of Spokane
He was a member of (he
Spokane Human Relations
Council from 1970 to 1972
and a member of the
steering commit!
of the
Mayor's Council on Drug
Abuse in 1970.
lie obtained 11.A. degrees
in political
science and
education
from
Gonzaga
University in
1958 and
1959, respectively; a master
of education degree from
Eastern Washington Stall
College in 1967; and a
doctorate in counselor edu
ration and preparation from
(he University of Idaho in
1971
F u n eral arran g em en ts
are pending al Smith Fu
neral Home in Spokane
The family requests that in
lieu of flowers, memo:: 11
gifts may be made to
Morningstar Boys Ranch.
44)h and Dyer. Spokane
gola. Consequently U N IT A .
supported by the Maoists,
have established direct
agreem ents w ith South
Africa.
This land other
factors) accounts for Afri
que Asia's report of "pro
found disillusion in Africart
opinion toward China" over
the Angolan question.
Several Black Orgamza
tions. including one large
N A A C P Chapter and a
major
Black
newspaper,
have called for an investi
gation into the Zairean
aggression into (he snverign
country of Angola, and an
investigation into the role
of Gulf Oil and the CIA.
Volunteers
needed
Men and
women are
needed for volunteer jobs
this fall in the hospitals and
O b s e rv e r re p o rt of a 10.(M
M) clinics at the University of
man C IA trained Zairean
O regon H e alth Sciences
Army armored column, dis
Center
guised vaguely as FN L A
There are over a hundred
m em bers, c u rre n tly ad
spots that need to be filled
vancing
toward
Luanda
Volunteers may be nursing
This ’column', one third of
or clinical aides, man coffee
Zairean Sese Seko Mobutu's
carts, or act as "floats,"
army, is wrecking havoc
filling in wherever extra
along the way; cases of
help is needed, according to
cannibalism
and atrocity
Marla Clark, director of
have forced Angolas to flee
Volunteer Services.
to ths- cities, consequently
She explained that the
Angol's export crop, coffee,
volunteers must be com
is being destroyed
Ac
nutted to work at least (our
cording
to
Afnque Asie, hours every week
this column is headed by
Anyone interested also
F N L A head Holden Ro
must attend
a two day
berto
What this reflects,
orientation class, which will
as Afrique Asie (Hunts out.
be held September 18th
is that the "counter gangs"
I9lh
Advance registration
to the M PLA have no
is necessary
Application
popular supfHirt inside An
packets are available by
calling the Volunteer Ser
v i m at the Health S rie n m
Center. 225 *2.36
PORTLAND
CLKANINO WORKS
NORTH A M X PORTLAND
ONE DAY SERVICE
KNIT BLOCKING
OUR SRfCIALTY
MTV ire
Minority director
dies in Eugene
G eorge E rn es t
M ills,
forty five, director of the
Department of Ethnic Stu
dies at the University of
Oregon, died at his horn«' at
4459 Larkwood in Eugene
early Monday morning lAu
gust 18th) of an apparent
heart attack
He was born June 2nd.
19:«). in Whitefish, Mon
tana.
U n iv e rs ity of Oregon
College of Liberal
Arts
Dean John Baldwin said
Monday, "Since coming to
the University of Oregon as
dir -ctor of the ethnic stu
dies program. George Mills
initiated, developed,
and
taught courses designed to
give students a greater
awareness and understand
ing of ethnic groups in
American society.
"His rourses were in
formed, popular and free
from ethnic jingoism Stu
dents from many
bark
grounds and cultural por
spectives came to his lec
tures and learned and grew
He will be greatly missed
D r Mills had been an
assistant professor of edu
ration and director of the
University's Ethnic Studies
Program since July. 1973
He is survived by his
w idow , D elpha Stevens
M ills ;
fo u r
c h ild r e n ,
Adriene, thirteen; Stacey,
twelve; Ryan, nine; and
Tiffany, four, all of Eugene;
and two brothers, Robert
and Eldon, both of Spokane
Dr. Mills came to the
Oregon campus from Spo
kane, where he was teach
ing
m e n ta lly
re tard e d
children.
Union (U N IT A ). The basis?
The anti M PLA land hence
anti Soviet) 'line* of Jonas
Savimbi.
Savimbi himself
had earlier broken away
from tribalist C IA spon
sored
Holden
R oberto
(F N L A ), seeking to capita
lize on the 'Sino Soviet
dispute*. This ‘dispute* did
not come into the effective
control of the R A N D Cor
poration until after the
Chinese dom estic chaos
called the 'cultural revolu
tion
Allegedly
at
that
point, R A N D got a firm
handle on Chinese foreign
policy (especially) and has
exploited it to the degree
that China's diplomatic and
support policy coincides on
all key poita with that of
the C IA Thus in Africa.
U N IT A no longer has a
'left' or progressive cover.
Highly placed diplomatic
sources contacted by IPS
ha ve confirmed (he london
)
*UKoa tanun-HO otsaor
not-ue t o a * .
282-8361
3954 N. WUItama A w .
‘‘Yee’ve Tried The Rest, N ew Try The Beat"
N. Alexander, Proprietor
ST. ANDREW CATHOLIC CHURCH
N .E. Alberta Street
Reverend Bertram Griffin. Pantor
Mamie«:
5:00 p.m. Vigil
Saturday
10:00 a m. Choir
Sunday
12:00 p.m. Folk - Sun« •./
¿Ml 142
ST. ANDREW COMMUNITY SCHOOL
1919 N.E. 9th Ave.
Norila Kelly, Principal
Phone: 284 162«
G rades 1 th ro u g h 8
vW hodi., e
SS2B N t Bth
A. Lee Henderson, Minister
Church School ............................................................
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