Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 4, 1922)
TIIE MORNING OREGONIAX, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1922
ESTABLISHED BV HENRY L. PITTOCK.
Published by The Oregonian Pub. Co..
13u Sixth Street, Portland. Oregon. '
C. A. MORDE.W E. B. PIPER,
The Oreuonian is a member of the As
sociated Press. The Associated Press is
exclusively entitled to the use for publi
cation pt all news dispatches credited to
H or rot otherwise credited in this paper
and also the local news published herein'.
All right3 of puolica tion of special dis
patches herein are a.lao reserved.
Subscription Rates Invariably
pally, Sunday Included, one year $8.00
wai,y. Sunday Included, six months ... 4.25
laily, SuT.day included, three months 2.23
JJaiiy, Sunday Included, one month .. "
ijaily, without Sunday, one year 6.00
Daily, without Sunday, six months .. 3.23
uaiiy, without Sunday, one month.. .60
Sunday, one year , 2.50
Paily. Sunday included, one year... $9.00
Daily. Sunday Included three months 2.23
Dai, y, Sunday included, one month... .73
Daily, without Sunday, one year 7.80
Daily, without Sunday, three months 1.05
Daily, without Sunday, one month.. .63
How to Remit Send postoffice money
order, express or personal check on your
local bank, stamps, coin or currency are
at owner's risk, (.live postoffice address
ti full including county and state.
Posiase Kates 1 to 16 pages, 1 cent:
IS to 3-' pages, 2 cents; 34 to 18 pages, S
cents; 50 to 04 pages, 4 cents; titt to 60
pages, 0 cents; 82 to 80 pages, 6 cents.
Eastern Business Offices Verree &
Conklin. 300 Madison avenue, New York;
Vtrree & Conklin, steger Building, Chi
cago; Verree & Co;.ki in, Free Press build
ing, Detroit, Jlich; Verree & Conklin,
Monadnock building, San Francisco, Cal.
NOT IN HIM.
Statements made by Mr. Pierce
and his chief newspaper sponsor
that Governor Olcott has said that
taxes cannot be reduced are false.
Governor Olcott has poinfed out
the futility of the Pierce reduction
programme, and has indicated the
only practicable means of reducing
The statement "Taxes may go
higher," quoted by Mr. Pierce and
his newspaper sponsor so fre
quently as having been made by
Governor Olcott, is separation of a
few words from the context of a
speech so as fraudulently and de
liberately to distort the meaning of
what the governor actually said.
Mr. Pierce's statement that S.
Benson in resigning from the high
way commission complained of ex
travagance in administration costs
is untrue. The complete text of his
resignation was published at the
time and is available to anyone in
terested in checking up Mr. Pierce's
Mr. Pierce's statement that Mr.
Benson informed Governor ' Olcott
that highway administration and
supervision was costing $1,000,000
a year is a complete falsification.
Mr. Pierce's statement that high
way administration and supervision
is in fact costing $1,000,000 a year
is equally false. That it is false is
readily proved by public records.
Mr. Pierce's citation of the num
ber of automobiles owned by the
state of Oregon is untruthful in its
' implicatioij, due to the fact that
nearly all pf these vehicles are in
the highway department and are
war material donated to the state
by the national government.
Mr. Pierce has misrepresented
the proportion of taxes paid by the
farmers; he has misrepresented the
amount of money in banks; he has
misrepresented the cost of state
Mr. Pierce has by dramatic ges
tures given his audiences to under
stand that he as governor would
known to him to be impossible.
He has falsely charged Olcott with
responsibility for increases in taxes
voted by the people themselves.
He has falsely accused Governor
Olcott of having knowingly ap
proved school land loans based on
fraudulent transfers of property
similar to those under which Pierce
himself got loans far in excess of
the limit fixed by the land board.
Mr. Pierce has misrepresented
the salaries paid at the state train
He has spread untruths about the
comparative costs of road work in
Oregon and Washington.
The Oregonian again makes this
declaration and invites 'every' one
interested to cut it out and paste it
in his hat: Taxes will not be re
duced by any effort of Mr. Pierce
if he is elected governor.
PRESIDENT AND POET.
Homesteads are pretty much
alike, and so are folks. Memories
ding to the one and sentiment stirs
the other. This is why President
Harding, about the time the near
east was aflame and questions of
state dinned his ears, took an hour
off and bought the old Harding
farm in North Bloomfield, Morrow
county, Ohio. In a sense he made
a dicker for his boyhood, binding
with cash the bargain that would
afford contact with the drowsy
summers, the bright, keen winters,
the memorable springs, of long ago.
No saner investment in sentiment
ever was made.
A young poet of the name of
Jesson, doubtless condemned for
his introspective anarchy, by an
' obdurate providence, made some
lines a few weeks since that have
for their theme a north Ohio vil
lage such a community of neigh
borly souls and small shops as the
Hardlngs called their market place.
Therein it is apparent that Master
Jesson must outstrip his youth be
fore he is smitten with a fond
realization of desirable simnlieitv.
- of winds remembered though they
uicw uii-ee uecaaes since, ot flowers
wnose seeds persevere forever.
Quietness over my spirit, like
Tho shadows of an old dead town
(Irasa between the flagstone-walks.
Yellow houses fadin? to hrnnn
Lawns and streets growing to weeds and
And the Intolerable rust
Of baren souls.
Twixt president and poet, vouth
and maturity must choose. Master
Jesson would flee his village to
escape nimself. The president
would recover his homestead to
find Warren the younger. That
which is stale and drab to the one
is sweet and colorful to the other,
If the poet persists in his poetrv,
and takes his lute to""" great cities
and distant lands, the time will
come when he shall celebrate the
village that was home, and reveal
the unsuspected beauty of the
"barren" souls that did not under
stand him. In that hour he will
comprehend why the president had
as his dearest wish the thought of
one day possessing a certain acre
age in North Bloomfield township.
To President Harding the old
homstead is mpre than a tract of
' land indicated and circumscribed
by lines and fences and records.
Its acres are talkative and per
sonal, with innumerable stories
welling up to their earthly lips.
Little joys, little tragedies, little
emprises of happy fortune, the
whirring rise of a cock quail, the
rigid poise of a wild gander in
the stubble waxen bloodroot wak
ing to April, May flowers, anem
onies an indefinable atmosphere
and heritage of memory that is
timeless. At such a time of year,
at such a time of life, there passes
an endless' processional of incident,
trivial and unregarded in the eager
zest of boyhood mightier than
treaties and triumphs in the recol
lection of middle-age.
It is very clear that, for the
present, there is more of the true
poet in President Harding who
seems never to have been indicted
of approaching the muse than in
Master Jesson, the village bard,
who is afflicted' with the blindness
of youth and propinquity. Says
Poetry, the magazine in which his
plaint appears, "Mr. Jesson is a
very young poet." What need to
POIXDEXTER. SAFE AND SANE.
Candidate Dill over in Washing
ton, it is noted, makes a virulent
assault on Senator Poindexter -for
his support of the Esch-Cummins
bill for railroad legislation.
We would have expected it.
Every radical slangwhanger and
socialist wrecker in the country is
out with his club after the Esch
Cummins bill. They would repeal
it before its operation has fairly
begun. It is forgotten that the
measure is the product of the Jong
campaign' for railroad reform car
ried on for years by both Senator
Cummins and Representative Esch
pioneers in the work, and both
high-minded, intelligent, informed,
and independent statesmen. Yet
the wild-eyes and Hearst would
tear up the plant to, see if the roots
are taking hold.
The real impulse behind the war
on the Esch-Cummins act is na
tional ownership of railroads. The
soap-box and crossroads haran
guers know it, and they would clear
the way for it. The Esch-Cummins
law is the last wordin regulation of
railroads under private" ownership,
The agitators do not fear public
ownership or its ' lessons. . They do
riot have to look back further than
the late world's war to see how it
would work in America. In Italy, a
great part of the present fascist!
movement is to get rid of the pub
licly owned railroads and other
utilities, because of the staggering
deficits they have incurred.
The principal grievance of the
opposition to Senator Poindexter in
Washington is that he' has become
safe and sane.
CO-OPERATION IN OREGON.
Actual progress of Oregon farm
ers in practice of co-operative mar
keting gives better assurance of
their prosperity than any other de
vice to rescue agriculture from the
depression that " folio wed the war.
It is self-help made effective by
helping one another, and it depends
on no governmental or state action
except laws permitting farmers to
organize and except the aid and
advice given by the agricultural
college and the department of agri
culture. Its goal is efficiency, by
which waste in distribution is cut
out, quality of products is raised
and standardized, reputation is es
tablished and markets are extended.
This is being done by the farmers
themselves, and the success an
nounced at the recent conference at
Corvallis will surely inspire others
to adopt the same plan.
By combination co-operators im
prove methods of preparing their
products for market, make them
salable at higher average prices and
at lower cost, and they gain a
reputation for fruit, eggs, wool,
wheat, etc., as the .products of Ore
gon or of some district in Oregon
which could not be gained ior the
product of each individual farmer.
They secure the service of skilled
managers, packers and salesmen,
and they eliminate middlemen be
tween their association and the
wholesaler in the final market.
They keep informed on market
conditions, and thus avoid shipping
to a market that is glutted, but
learn where active demand exists,
and they develop new markets, as
has been done in the eastern states,
Britain and the orient. By han
dling a standard product for which
there is an assured, profitable de
mand, associations establish a voi
' ume of financial credit which
would be impossible for their mem
bers individually? This has been
the experience of the California as-:
socia.tions and of those which are
in successful operation in other sec
tions of the country.
Though Oregon co-operative as
sociations did a business exceeding
i(,uuu,000 in the year 1921. they
are aestined to expand indefinitely.
ine great co-operative retail stores
of England had their beginning
with a little group of weavers at
Rochdale. Four clerks in the Lon
don custom house clubbed together
to buy a chest of tea at wholesale
and thus were the nucleus of the
great Civil Service Supply associa
tion in the British metropolis. With
8000 producers organized in six as
sociations, Oregon co-operation has
advanced far beyond those modest
beginnings, and its success points to
it as the way out of poverty to
prosperity for the farmer.
WHEN JOHN BUIX SPEEDS UP.
John Bull has the reputation of
being slow and of lagging far be
hind Uncle Sam. in speed, but in
changing governments he resembles
the-hare of the fable while Uncle
bam is as deliberate as the tortoise.
Here is a contrast
In June, 1920, the American peo
ple nominated their two candidates
In November, 1920, they elected
Harding, but Wilson continued to
hold office for four months.
On March 4, 1921, Harding took
omce, having waited since No
Now for the way that the pro
verbially slow British go about the
October 19. The conservative
party voted to withdraw from the
October 19. Lloyd George re
signed as premier, and Bonar Law
wa3 selected to succeed him,
October 23. Bonar Law took
October 36. Parliament was dis
solved and an election was called.
November 15. A new parliament
will be elected. '
If Bonar Law can muster a ma
jority he will remain in office. If
not, he will resign and another
man will immediately become pre
mier. Within a month from its be-
ginning a change of government
will have been completed, while the
American people spread the opera
tion over nine months.
John Bull may be slow at every
thing else, but he is bewilderingly
swift at politics. Uncle Sam is well
known to be swift at other things,
but he lingers over his politics as
though he loved them. Probably
he does. "
WHAT TAX, MR. PIERCE?
The total state tax levied for
1921 (payable in.1922) for Oregon
aggregated a total of 9.9 mills. Of
this levy 6.69 mills are continuing
taxes, imposed by direct vote of the
people. They are as follows:
State elementary schools 2.13
Higher education 2.00
Ex-atrvlce n.en's education 30
Sold.ers' bonus 1.00
State market roads 1.00
Blind school tax ... 04
P&rt of this tax Imposed by legisla
tlve enactment In 1913.
' That the people, now greatly dis
turbed and rightly so over the
mounting tax costs may see what
their attitude was at the time the
various tax proposals were ' voted,
the record is herewith submitted:
Elementary schools 110,263 39.593
Higher education 102,722 48.57T
Soldiers', etc., bill 91,294 50,482
Soldiers bonus "88,219 87,8
State market roads 53,191 28.039
Blind school tax 115,337 30,739
Thus it will be seen that these
taxes were voted by an average of
two to one.
It will also be seen that two
thirds of the present state taxes
were levied by the people, not by
the state administration.
The legislature of 1913 enacted
a permanent state road levy of one
Thus it will also be seen that the
taxes for which the governor and
the state administration are respon
sible are less than three mills.
From the revenues of the three
mills are paid the expenses of the
ot.,ta Inetffiittnne .,,.1, 1
IZl'VZ - V Z V
i" I "I'-,7 " l 7 I
berculosis hospitals, boys' and girls
schools, land board, library, legis.
lature, national guard, printing,
public service commission, social
hygiene, state fair, county fairs,
water board, the executive and ju
dicial departments, and a great va
riety of miscellaneous expenses.
All the reforms advocated- by
Governor (maybe) Pierce must be
achieved within the three mills, un
less he persuades the people to re
peal the school, higher education
and other such taxes.
Just what taxes -imposed by any
authority since Olcott went into
public office does he propose to
NORTHERN RAILROAD CONSOLIDA
While the people of Oregon have
been discussing the relative ad
vantage or disadvantage to this
state of continuing the merger of
the Central Pacific with the South
em Pacific railroad or of making
the former an independent line.
they have been overlooking the
plan for consolidation of the north
ern roads under the transportation
act. yet this plan is eauallv im
portant to the northern and west
ern part of the state and poten
tially to all other parts. More, any
pian tnat is finally adopted will de
cide the transportation future of
the entire Columbia river basin, in
cluding the Willamette valley, and
of all western Washington. The In
terstate Commerce Commission ha3
announced a tentative plan 'and
will soon begin hearings on the
northern systems, but has not even
set a date for hearing on the
Central-Southern Pacific merger.
It is high time that we gave atten
tion to the consolidations that are
to be considered first.
Three proposed systems should
be considered together. As an
nounced in the commission's ten
tative plan, they are:
System No. 13 Union Pacific - Norttt-
wes-ern-Union Pacific, which Includes
the Si. Joseph & Grand Island. Oregon
Short Line. Oregon-Washington Railroad
& Xavigat.on. Los Angeles & Salt Lake,
Chi.-ago & Northwestern including the
Chicago, St. Paul. Minneapolis & OmaJ&a
Lak- Superior & Ishpemine. and Wahuh
lines west of Missouri river
System No. 14 Burlington-Northern
PrM!c-Chii-.ago. Burlington & Quincy
Northern Pacific. Chlcaeo-Oreat wo.t.
era, Minneapolis & St. Louis. Spokane,
r-oruanq cc Seattle.
Syttem No 15 Milwaukee-Great Knrth.
ern-Chlcagp. Milwaukie & St. Paul, Great
."" "Ji j, iiucttgo. jerre Haute & south
eastern. Duluth & Iron Range, Duluth
Missube & Northern. Green Bav vi-
ern, Spokane, Portland and Seattle, Butte,
at f acme.
In thus grouping the northern
roads, the commission in many re
spects loiiowed the recommenda
tions of Professor Ripley, but
departed from them by not adding
the Central Pacific to the Union
Pacific system, by not attachine
the Denver & Rio Grande and
Western Pacific to the Burlintr-
ton-Northern Pacific system, and
in other respects regarding the
lines in the middle west. It pro
poses to include tha Spokane, Port
land & Seattle in either the Bur
lington-Northern Pacific system, or
the Milwaukee-Great Northern sys
tem, leaving that to future de
That is the point of most im
mediate interest to the neonle of
this region. If both the Milwaukee
and the North Bank road should
be combined with the Great North
ern, the Northern Pacific selliner
its half of the North Bank to
the new system, Milwaukee trains
would gam entrance to Portland
by the shortest route, and the new
system, receiving all in place of
nan tne earnings of the North
Bank and finding it more econom
ical to operate, might prefer it to
enner or its lines across the moun
tains for traffic to the seaboard.
Of the effect of this part of the
plan. Professor Ripley says:
The St. Paul-Great Northern system
neeas certain additions in order to bal
ance competition throughout the north
west more fairly with the very powerful
Northern Pacific-Burlington combina
tion. First and foremost, it must be pro
tected as to access into Portland. Or. The
oKuraue, rmuana s Seattle line down
the north bank of the Columbia river is
at present owned Jointly by the North
ern Pacific and the Great Northern. This
admits the St. Paul automatically under
the proposed merger to Portland terrl
?YL. Poss"ly the Northern Pacific
might withdraw its Investment from the
Spokrne. Portland & Seattle entirely In
favor of the St Paul, insofar at least as
It a as a parallel line of its own. But
upon this point decision may be with
held. And the continuance of the joint
, ..uuuurii -aciuo be
tween Seattle and Portland would as
sure competition south of Seattle. . North
of Seattle the alliance admits the Bt.
Paul over the Great Northern lines Into
Vancouver, B. C, from which it has
heretofore been excluded. Similarly the
right' ot the Great Northern In the Des
chutes river canyon and down (up) the
Willamette valley should be assured
equally with the St. Paul. Thus it ap
pears that each company would profit
gre--.tiy by the partnership and would be
able to cope more successfully with, the
old and firmly entrenched Northern Pa- f
cific line in this district.
That suggests placing Portland
on an equality with Seattle in the
estimation of the Great Northern
as a source of profitable traffic.
It would also give Portland the
benefit of the Milwaukee's short
line from -the Palouse country, to
be used in conjunction with the
water grade of the North Bank
line. But we may expect objection
from several quarters. Seattle was
the Great Northern's first love and
will object to admission of Port
land to an equal place In that
road's affections. The Great North
ern, which earned 7.09 per cent net
in 1917, may object to taking over
the Milwaukee, which earned only
4.43 per cent, especially as the Mil
waukee's funded debt in 1919 was
61.92 per cent of its capitalization,
while the Great Northern's was
only 39.5 per cent. The Northern
Pacific may object to handing
over the North Bank to its com
petitor and to being confined to its
roundabout route to Portland via
Tacoraa, In anticipation of the
present consolidation scheme, the
two" owning lines tried to reach
some arrangement by which one
would sell to the other, but neither
would sell and they could not even
agree on a plan by which each
shoujd have all the operating in
come on all the traffic that it sent
over the North Bank. The North
ern Pacific may insist that, if it
should sell its .interest, it have the
same right to run trains over the
North Bank as the Great Northern
and Union Pacific have over the
Whatever plan is finally adopted
should provide for extensions and
branches. The . Great Northern
might be required, in consideration
fof its acquisition of the Milwaukee
and North .Bank lines, to build the
cut-off from Wenatchee, Beverly
and Yakima to Underwood in order
to give that rich country an outlet
to Portland, but both it and the
Northern Paeific may be expected
to protest. Professor Ripley's al
lusion to the Willamette valley
may imply extension of the Oregon
Electric and more active compe
tition with the Southern Pacific.
Extension of the Deschutes line to
Klamath Falls may be required,
with common user right3 for both
the Great Northern and Union Pa
cific, as on the existing line. The
Ripley report lays much stress on
the need for military, purposes of
a north-and-south line east of the
Cascade and Sierra Nevada ranges,
over which troops could be moved
in. connection with all transconti
nental lines. This would be com
pleted by construction of the lin
from Wenatchee by way of Yakima
to Underwood, of the Deschutes
line to connect with the Klamath
line and of the line from West
wood on the Central Pacific to con
nect with the Klamath line. The
Union Pacific may seek to offset
the advantages gained by its north
ern competitors by forming a con
necting link with the Milwaukee,
by which its route from eastern
Oregon and Washington to the
sound would be much shortened.
The rate situation would be
deeply influenced by the proposed
combinations. Opening of the North
Bank line to the Milwaukee would
make the latter a shorter route to
Portland than any line to Seattle
from the wheat country north of
Snake river and would give that
line a water grade as an alternative
to its mountain grade line to the
sound. That situation might justify
extension of the present rate dif
ferential in favor of Portland to
the whole territory between the
Snake and Spokane. Distance alone
having been the basis of the com
mission's decision in the. rate case,
Portland would have to fortify its
claim by showing the economy of
the water grade as compared with
the mountain line, for the distance
argument might lack force with
regard to the Milwaukee and might
be defeated by a Union Pacific
connection with that line!
Practically all of Oregon will be
affected by the northern consoli
dations. It behooves the leaders in
business to put their heads together
to study what arrangement, pos
sible under the law and the inter
pretation of it by the commission,
will best serve the interests of the
state and of the entire intermoun
tain country, and to see that Ore
gon's interests are properly repre
sented at the hearings. If through
our neglect a plan adverse to our
interests should be adopted, pro
test would then come too late.
We should have less quarrel with
the soviet government if it would
be content with ruining its own
country. Like the miserable vic
tim of other vices, it insists on
dragging others down to its own
A man who got off alive and' safe
when the Honolulu was afire says
the water in the lifeboat was brack
ish and the biscuits tasted salty.
He would "kick" on the milk and
Dawes will be one of the speak
ers at the laying of the corner
stone of the great Methodist temple
in Chicago today. Hope his pro
fanity is limited to a cursory glance.
The death of a young man in Mc
Minnville by electric shock points
to advice to let all wires severely
alone. A live wire does not alwayfe
Commissioner Bigelow says the
city requires the 3 mill tax. Must
be mighty necessary, if the treas
ury's watchdog is for it.
Some of them are charging de
feat of labor in the English elec
tions to the women voters. Adam
began that cry.
Report from Manila is that the
Filipinos are restive again. Are
the islands out of insect powder?
Promise to arrest the murderer
in the New Brunswick case is con
tinued. Nothing new from Havre.
Train robbery continues to be an
active industry in southern Mis
souri. All the rest of the stock show will
be up to the standard of its music.
Harding was 67 Thursday, but
not one of the varieties by a long
If the small boy is missing today,
call up the stock show.
"Hear dem, bells" tonight;
More Truth Than Poetry.
By James J. Montague.
When I heard that a king had been
In the Balkans, a few years ago,
I admit that I usually found
That the news was a bit of a blow.
I had read about Belgrade, Sofia
In mid-European romances.
And I couldn't suppress a long, lin
That I had that potentate's
To sit on a shimmering throne,
With a scepter to hold in my hand
And a jewel-set crown of my own,
I thought would be perfectly
I thought of the people who d bend
on my face ,
Adoring and rapturous gazes,
And come every morning surround
ing the place
To sing in a chorus my praises.
But now when I read that a king
To the old city hall has been led,
And given a scepter to swing
And a crown to clap down on his
No envy comes up to embitter my
I have not a thrill of ambition,
But feel well assured that kind
heaven knew best
When it gave me my humble posi
tion. For the kings that they crown over
Stay around for a year, or a week.
If the bauble remains on their hair
Eighteen months they're consid
As soon as a.dynasty eways Its new
A fresh revolution upsets it.
So I'd far rather dwell in a country
Where a man keeps a job when
he gets it.
Take Horace Greeley's Tip.
Apparently the idea of the young
Turk is to go west and grow up
with the country.
Milk is not so much adulterated
aa it was. The Dootieggers are
crowding the milkmen away from
Always Interfering With Happiness.
Reformers never seem to do any
thing popular like prohibiting jazz
FIELD OF EXPERIMENT OPEN
Public Schools Themselves Held to
Offer Full Opportunity.
PORTLAND, Nov. 3. (To the Edi
ejtor.' Allow me to correct a iew
a imisstatements made by the enemies
of the proposed school bill. Dr. Mc-
Elveen advances the argument that
textbooks are tr'td out in the pri
vate schools preparatory to being
used in the public schools. I have
been cjtinected with the schools of
this city, both public and private,
for 22 yttrs, and I know that dur
ing that -time tho public schools
have never attempted to profit by
the expediences of the private insti
tutions, but have always used their
Independent judgment in the mat
ter. As for nip statement that the pri
vate schools are valuable as experi
mental ground, the same statement
will hoU' good. The public schools
themselves offer a much larger and
more valuable field for this sort of
"The opponents of the school bill
have stated that no other nation
has evar legislated against the kind
of education which is attacked by
this measure. Wrong again! France,
in 1905, passed . law which is still
in force forbidding instruction by
j religious orders in any school in
me country. aiio r i ciii-h
at last awoke to the fact that the
religions orders under the guise of
teachers were making little monar
chists out of the students, and banned
the religious teachers as enemies
to the republic. And this in Roman
Finally in regard to the uncon
stitutionality of the bill. If its
enemies are convinced that it is un
constitutional, why should they
worrv? Why spend all their money
and energy in frantically fighting
it? Why not sit tight and let it
pass, relying on the courts to tnrow
it out later? SCHOOLMAN.
Constitutionality of Law.
PORTLAND, Nov. 3. (To the Edi
tor.) What does it take to make a
measure constitutional :
Does a majority of votes for It
make it constitutional or unconsti
tutional? If, as some lawyers claim, the
school bill could be. or rather would
be, declared unconstitutional, tnen
could not the same court declare the
election of the governor or any state
officer unconstitutional and put him
out of office? 33D DEGREE.
The majority for a bill has noth
ing to do with its constitutionality.
The constitution is an expression of
the broad principles upon which
government is founded. Any law
which is contrary to guarantees or
restrictions enumerated In our state
or national constitution is void. In
disputed cases the courts determine
whether an act is constitutional. If
a question arose as to the legality
of an election the courts would de
cide. If you mean to inquire whether
In a contested election the highest
court could arbitrarily set aside e
choice legally made by the voters,
the answer is that in theory it
might be possible. Also the legisla
ture might in theory pass a law
penalizing you for not knowing
more about civil government. Or,
in theory, we could be reduced either
to a state "f anarchy or one of sub
jection at the whim of treacherous
officials. In fact, your rights and
liberties and those of the rest of ua
are pretty safe.
Teachers In Roy District.
ROY. Or., Nov. 2. (To the Edi
tor.) I noticed in The Oregonian
a letter written by Selena A. Childs
in which she says there are two
nuns teaching In tha public schools
of district No. 14, Roy, Or., the one
wearing a religious garb and the
other not. The truth in the matter
is, there is one nun teaching in
the public schools of said district
wearing the garb of her order. The
other teacher is not a nun, nor is
she a Catholic.
When hiring the last mentioned
teacher the school board did not ask
her regarding her religious beliefs
or affiliations. Both teachers were
hired by unanimous agreement of
the entire school board and I wish
to add that one member of the board
Is not a Catholic.
Both teachers are giving entire
satisfaction to the patrons of the
schools. If some people would take
care of the affairs of their on dis
trict properly and not bother them
selves with the affairs of another
district, as the law implies they
should, more peace' and harmony
would prevail in the state.
JOHN W. BERNARDS,
Member of board of directors of
school district No. 14, Washington
county, Oregon. ' .
Those Who Come and Go-
Tales of Folks at the Hotels.
Animals are like human beings
when it comes to having their pic
tures taken. While some will pose
satisfactorily and apparently en
joy the experience, others display
their resentment by taking it out
on the photographer. This is the
obesrvation of A. H. Blackmore of
the Breeders Photo Service of Los
Angeles, Cal., who is registered at
the Multnomah. Mr. Blackmore is
in the city to take pictures of the
animal visitors to the Pacific Inter
national Livestock show. "I have
lost a few cameras," stated Mr.
Blackmore, "during my eighteen
years doing this special worK.
Cattle are not all alike and it is
hard sometimes to get them to
keep still enough to take their
picture. Sudden motions often ex
cite them. Back in Nebraska I had
an exciting experience when I was
asked to take a photograph of a
fine Texas steer that had arrived
on consignment to be sold. I went
into the pen and had everytning
ready to take the picture when
someone yelled, 'look out, and I
looked and jumped and got out of
the way just in time, but there was
not much left of the icamera when
the steer got through."
Nine years ago Leslie F. Rice of
Oakland," Cal., was planning his
yearly vacation and decided with
his chum to visit Portland and see
the much advertised Rose Festival.
So arrangements were made to form
a party of four. but. each told
friends and by the time they were
ready to go the party had grown
to a special train with a boys' band
as an escort and a baggage car full
of California's best fruit and other
thinsrs; "I then told my friends,'
says Mr. Rice, who is registered at
the Multnomah, "that if I ever left
Oakland I hoped that I could live
in Portland, and here I am to make
my home in your city, and I know
I shall enjoy being with you and
taking part in the civh; life of the
A regular Seattle booster of the
sort formerly common but now
rare, is E. G. Helgeson of the Metro
politan Building company now at
the Multnomah. Mr. weigeson ae
Clares that there is scarcely a va
cant office in Seattle and that 500
rooms have been added to one of
the large office structures there.
He also says that the new Olympia
hotel is to be 12 stories high and
have 650 rooms, and if necessary.
200 more rooms can be added. This
will make the Olympia the largest
hotel in the northwest when it is
Mrs. P. R. Brown and child from
Antone, Or., are at the Imperial.
Antone shows on the map, if the
map is large, for it consists of two
very modern bungalows, a store-and
garage, and is located at the head
of the canyon which you ciimn get
tincr out of Mitchell. To reach Day
Ille from Antone, tne motorist ,
climbs and climbs and climbs, over
barefaced mountains, on a twisting,
winding road, and the view spread
out of the mountains and valleys
far below is well worth the trip.
Floyd -McKinnon shipped some
horses for the livestock show, en
training the animals at LaGrande
at 5 o'clock in the evening.. The next
morning he took the 6 o'clock train
for Portland. Imagine his aston
ishment when he passed his ship
ment, which was sent 12 hours be
fore, at Kamela, only a short dis
tance out of LaGrande. Mr. McKin
non, who is registered at the Im
perial with his wife, had a long
wait in Portland before his horses
Across the page of the Benson
register, written so large that it
overshadowed and eclipsed all other
names, was that of Mrs. Mary Grove
of John Day, Or. Mrs. Grove, who
is in the livestock business, is here
to attend the livestock exhibition
which opens tomorrow. John Day
is a pioneer settlement on the John
Day river and is now an important
point on the John Day highway. It
is one of the most picturesque sec
tions of Oregon and has a topog
raphy peculiarly its own.
E. V. Ellington, formerly with the
University of Idaho, at Moscow, but
now with the Washington! State col
lege, at Pullman, is at the Mult
nomah. He is here for the livestock
show and will bring 15 students
from the college to judge dairy
products and dairy cattle at the ex
hibit. Art Wheelhouse, who used to be
postmaster of Arlington and is now
the mayor of that town on the
banks of the Columbia river, is one
of the sheepmen attracted to the
Mr. ami Mrs. C E. Harding mo
tored from Seaside to Portland and
are at the Nortonia for a few days.
Mr. Harding looks after the inter
ests of the Standard Oil company
at the beach resort.
E. L. Hurley, formerly head of the
United States shipping board, ar
rived at tho Benson yesterday, reg
istering from Chicago. He is ac
companied by his brother, N. C.
Walter K. Taylor, a stockman ot
Corvallis, Is in the city. Mr. Taylor,
head of the state livestock sanitary
board, is in Portland to attend the
T. A. McBride and L. L. Harris,
members of the Oregon supreme
court, arrived at the Imperial from
Pendleton yesterday, where they
had been holding court.
Walter S. Crane of Boston, Mass.,
is at the Benson. Mr. Crane is con
nected with the home office of the
Warren Bros., paving people.
Ed Marshall, a well-known and
extensive wheat grower of Umatilla
county, is registered at the Benson
Adolph Linden, in the banking
business at Seattle, is among the
Puget sound arrivals at the Benson.
A. L. Paine, a lumberman from
Hoquiam, Wash., is at the Benson.
QUESTION ASKED MR- GIFFORD
How Will Proposed Law Increase
Americanism in Schools f
BEAVERTON, Or., Nov. 3. (To
the Editor.) Pardon me foi again
referring to the picture being cir
culated by Mr. Fred L. Gifford, sec
retary on the Americanization of
You kindly answered all of my
questions except the one as to
whether Mr. Gifford was circulating
those pictures to defeat the com
pulsory education bilL This ques
tion should properly have been ad
dressed to Mr. Gifford, who, I un
derstand, is 100 per cent American.
I now address the following" ques
tions to Mr. Gifford:
If our public schools are not 100
per cent American, as you attempt
to show by the picture you are cir
culating, how is it going to make'
our children 100 per cent American
by passing a law that will force
them to Attend such schools?
If our public schools are 100 per
cent American, as I have been told
by Mr. Woodward, director of Port
land public schools, why are you
heading a committee to Americanize
them? JOSEPH CROME,
i y , j An Irish, Protestant,
Burroughs Nature Club.
Copyright, Houghton-Mifflin Co.
Can You Answer These Questional
1. I recently saw the botanic name
of the banana is Musa- sapientum.
Can you give any derivation? This
seems an odd name for a plant.
2. How does a sea urchin move?
3. Is it true that cedar-birds will
sit in a row and pass food from one
to the other?
Answers in Monday's Nature notes.
Answers to Previous Questions.
1. Are kingbirds enemies to other
birds? What color are their eggs?
It Is pugnacious indisposition, and
will defend its nest fiercely; and is
well known for Its habit of attack
ing crows and hawks, flying above
them and then darting down with
vicious pecks of the beak. Aside
from this, it is not an "enemy" of
birds. Eggs usually creamy-white
background spotted with brown or
2. When do coyotes mate?
Late January or early February
the mating season is short. Young
are born in about nine weeks, ap
proximately the same time as foxes,
in rocky dens, averaging four to
eight per litter. By July the young
coyotes leave the home-burrow and
by the following month stray from
3. Please answer the following
questions in geology; How are the
so-called bird tracks of the Connec
ticut valley accounted for? Why do
the trap rock ridges of the state
front the west?
Too extended and technical a point
to cover here. Try a library for E.
Hitchcock's "The Ichnology ot New
England (ichnology meaning rough
ly "studying tracks of species
known only by, their tracks);" and
the 7th . Annual Report of the U. S.
Geological Survey, 1888, an article
by W. M. Davis, "Structural Geology
in the Connecticut valley."
PARENTAL CONTROL INFRINGED
Constitutionality of School Bill DIs
cussed in Reply to Questions.
PORTLAND, Nov. 3. (To the Edi
tor.) The instructive editorial in
The Oregonian on "Education and
the State" says of Che proposed bill
and of the present law: "It is
explicit mandate to send children
between the ages of 8 and 16 to tha
public schools and to no other;"' and
"the state assuring itself that its
own standards are maintained"
when the children are sent to other
than the public schools. .
To my mind these are the chief
points involved in the discussion.
Is it not true that if the proposed
bill should become law parents
would be free to send their children
to other schools for religious in
struction outside of the small num
ber of hours comparatively which
are required by the state? And is
it not true that in all the public
schools of Portland, by action of the
school board, children may be ex
cused for a reasonable time during
the regular school hours for reli
gious instruction? Where is the in
tringement on religious liberty or
personal rights contended for by so
many of your correspondents?
As to the state standards being
maintained as required by present
law, what evidence is there that this
is being done? Are the pupils in the
private and religious schools sub
jected to the same tests of scholar
ship and effie'ency that are required
in the public schools? What juris
diction have the authorities of the
public schools over other schools.
and if any, to what extent is it
A LOYAL AMERICAN.
The Oregonian has already said
that it does not agree that the pro
posed measure is in itself an in
fringement on religious rights, as
such; but it is, to its mind.an un
questionable attack in personal
rights viz. parental control of the
child. It Is true, of course, that
under the bill the child may receive
religious training before or after
his regular hours In the public
school. But the whole essence of
the argument against the measure,
so far as certain religious bodies are
concerned, is that religious and
Becular education should be associ
ated and co-ordinated. Besides, it
is a hardship on the child that after
a full day In the public schools or
before he should be withdrawn
from his natural hours of rest and
play for another round of rigid
The Oregonian does not know
whether the Portland school board
now has a rule permitting the child
to be taken away for a reasonable
time for religious instruction. It
has not inquired. What has the
school board to do with the religious
instruction of a child? Why should
religious instruction be within the
school board's discretion and not
ARGUMENTS UNFAIR, UNTRUE
Protestant Protests Ag-alnst Wild
Statements for School Bill.
PORTLAND, Nov. 3. (To th& Edi
tor.) A circular being distributed
by supporters of the compulsory
monopoly bill says:
1. There is no feeling of any kind
back of the bill.
2. Principal objectors to the bill
are those who do not want to sup
port the public school.
3. Compares objectors to bur
glars, murderers and gamblers.
4. Says "there is no politics in
5. Says "bill Is not aimed at any
church or religion."
6. Any one who believes in our
public schools cannot avoid sup
porting the bill.
7. Campaign is bitter only on the
part of on or two religious denom
inations. 8. Opposition to the bill comes
only from religious interests, wealthy
persons who wish to send their sons
to private schools, private school
owners, and sinister persons repre
senting secretly in our midst for
Let the intelligent and fair-minded
voters of Portland study these utter
ly unfair and untrue "arguments"
and they will better understand the
malevolent and unscrirpulous spirit
that is back of the campaign that
has torn this community with the
most bitter dissensions it has ever
Airplane Pilot's License,
CURLEW, Wash., Nov. 2. (To
the Editor.) Is it necessary for the
driver of a commercial airplane to
have a pilot's license? Must he have
a license to carry passengers for
The state of Washington has no
law on the subject. If you are in
terested in the Oregon law provid
ing for the examination and licens
ing of air pilots, write to Floyd
Hart, secretary etate board of aero
nautics, Medford Or.
Review of famous mystery case
by scientist and criminologist
finds the crime was committed
by two different personalities,
though conceived by one person,
says illustrated article appear
ing in The Sunday Oregonian.
Exposition Is On -
Twelfth annual classic of Pa
cific International series is
largest fair of kind under one
roof, says article illustrated
in color to appear in tomor
Genius of London
Friend of California writer
declares that everything was
sacrificed to eet money to
run immense ranch, in article
m the Sunday paper.
IN THE MAGAZINE
Why Rich Men's
"Girls of our set insipid,'" de.
clares one who married a
Cinderella, in illustrated ar
Now We Have the
America leads the world in
machines that are as luxu
rious as the fliers of the solid
to Conquer Fog
Problem is one of most stub
born yet dealt with, declares
Man Builds House
Seventeen years required to
complete beautiful ten-ioom
by W. E. Hill
"Psychic Stuff" is topic of
page illustrations of people
in intensely human attitudes.
Local Livestock Market
Exceptional competition as
sures growers excellent re
turns by. open sales system.
A Little Story of a
Woman Who Waited
She longed for a swain who
would come and take her,
even as her father's violin
had conquered her mother.
Jewels of Czar
Now on Sale
Fifth avenue now asks who
will be rich enough, to wear
Near East Cause
to Be Presented
Members of Sunday schools
to be asked to increase of
f erings for relief work among
Work of Art
First issue of high, school
publication out. Commerce
to have play.
for a Title
Beginning Sunday and each
Sunday thereafter will ap
pear a drawing without a
, title. The one submitting the
best caption will get a check
Plant Under Way
Antennae built for The
Oregonian's new broadcast
ing station and work pro
News of World
Full page by Darlington pre
sents current happenings
Route to Eugene
in Good Shape
Splendid road awaits univer
sity home-comers, says illus
trated article in automobile
News of the
Activities in the realm of
music. News of the drama,
the motion picture and the
world of sports. All these
and many others handled in
to the Front .
Development of city is chron
icled in pages of the Sunday
All ihe News of All the
World Found in
Just 5 Cents