Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, November 04, 1922, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    VOL. LXI NO. 19,333
Entered at Portland Oregon)
Postoffice aa Pecond-c1a,"s Matter.
A H Did
Statements on Roads
Laid to Ignorance.
Pension Fund Cares for
Aged and Infirm.
Workers and Tried Friends
Among Beneficiaries.
Charities Sonnd Practical Over
tone to Keynote of Epitaph
on Ironmaster's Tomb.
NEW YORK, Nov. 3. On the
tombstone of the ironmaster, An
drew Carnegie, in Sleepy Hollow
cemetery, is the epitaph he wrote:
"Here lies a man who knew how to
enlist in his service better men than
Documents made public today ar.d
filed in the appellate division of the
supreme court, in support of an
appeal asking that a $4,500,000 pen
sion fund created by Carnegie's
will be declared untaxable, sounded
a practical overtone to the keynote
of the epitaph.
600 on Pension List.
The documents showed that 600
men and women, most of them more
than 60, and many more than 80
years old, were on the pension list
of the Scotch ironmaster, who died
in 1919. Some of the beneficiaries
receive $10 a month; others get in
comes that approximate $5000
yearly. Some of them are work
men grown too old for their trades;
some of them have been downed by
some misfortune. One of them is a
viscount of London; another is the
widow of a railroad engineer. But
most of them are men who "enlisted
in the service of Andrew Carnegie."
Helen Keller Beneficiary.
To Miss Helen Keller, the famous
girl, who Is deaf, dumb and blind,
the Carnegie pension fund grants
an annuity of $2500.
vjauuuni juiin jytoney oi wimDie
don Park, London, is provided with
1000 a year after reaching the age
of 80, according to the pension pro
visions. Hundreds of others, whose names
are unfamiliar 'on news pages, 'but
which once were written on the
payrolls of steel mills and plants
in Pennsylvania, receive incomes of
varying size from the fund.
Obscure Friends Remembered.
Several letters from Mr. Carnegie
in regard to the care of obscure
friends were made public by Robert
A. Franks, who for many years di
rected the disposal of the pension
fund. One says of an old man and
his wife:
"They are old, no longer able to
work and on the verge of losing
their minds.
"The arrangement I suggest I
hope will make them comfortable
to the end."
Engineer's Family Aided.
Another letter concerns an engi
neer who was close to death and
asked Mr. Carnegie's aid for his
family, one of whom was a crippled
daughter. The engineer, in his fee
ble days, had been pensioned and
the letter directs the Ran t inna t irm
of aid to his family, saying:
"If more is needed to keep the
widow and her daughter, it is to be
given them, sure."
One letter, directing the enroll
ment of the name of a woman on
the list of pensioned, tells directly
of a "man enlisted in the service" of
It says:
Generous Loan Rewarded.
"Please say her father loaned me
$217.50 in order to make my first
payment on sleeping car stock. Say
that he took my note without se
curity, saying 'Yes. I'll lend it to
you. and you're all right!
"So his daughter need have no
hesitation in coming under my
wing now, as it were."
The appeal for the ruling dis
pensing with taxation of the fund
which was granted was partly
based upon proofs offered to show
that the pension fund was but a
small part of the philanthropies of
the iron master, who gave away,
the accounting shows,-' $350,000,000
and died worth $23,000,000.
Last Days Philanthropic.
Andrew Carnegie retired from
business in 1901, the court was told,
and from then until his death at
Shadowbrook. Lenox, Mass., on
August 11, 1919. was most interested
in the disposition of large portions
of his fortune.
NEW YORK. Not 3. The Fifth
avenue home of the late Andrew
Carnegie, valued at $3,070,000, is not
liable- to an inheritance tax, the
appellate division of the supreme
court decided unanimously today,
reversing a decision made recently
by Surrogate Foley.
' The court upheld Surrogate Foley
in a decision that a $4,500,000 fund
set aside by Mr. Carnegie during his
lifetime to proV'de pensions for
friends and others unable to care
for themselves was not subject to
New York Disregards New Fash
ion by Ordering Sntt Skirts
9 Inches From Ground.
NEW YORK. Nov; 3. Paris style
makers having demonstrated they
can raise or lower women's skirts
almost as easily as they manipulate
a window shade, now are getting
ready to bring back the vanished
waist line, which went into the dis
card along with corsets.
This was the word brought back
from France today by David N.
Mosessohn, head of the Associated
Dress Industries of America, word
of which he said leaked out of the
conferences now being held to de
termine next spring's styles.
Just where the waist line will be
located has not yet been decided,
but there will be waist lines and
corsets to hold them in place.. Mr.
Mosessohn predicted.
"Just what size a normal 16-inch
waist should be is a question," hj
said. "It is safe to assume, how
ever, that it will not be reduced to
18 inches as in the olden days.
There will be enough of the straight
line effect to satisfy the universal
demand for comfort. American
women need not worry."
Long skirts have received an
other setback if early orders for
spring, 1923, are any indication. A
New York department store has
placed orders for spring suits with
the skirts niae inches from the
ground. - '
CHICAGO, Nov. 3. Six inches
from the ground for skirts for street
wear and four inches for evening
gowns is Chicago's demand this sea
son, according to announcement to
day by the head buyer of a leading
woman's wear shop.
"Conservatism is the note in Chi
cago," said Mme. Alia Ripley, presi
dent of the Fashion Art League of
America. "We approve shorter
street suits, from six to seven inctftes
from the ground, according to the
woman who wears them. Evening
and dinner dresses are longer, about
four inches, although frequently
there are points and ends that touch
the floor."
Injunction to Keep Andy's Name
Off Ballot Asked.
(By Chicago Tribune Leased Wire.)
FOR'it WORTH, Texas, Nov. 3.
Earl Mayfleld, Ku Klux Klan candi
date for the United States senate,
and George Peddy, anti-klan candi
date from Texas, are sharing their
election troubles tonight with Andy
Gump, people's candidate for con
gress. Inspired by the success of injunc
tions issued agains: Peddy and May
field, enemies of Gunfp filed a for
mal petition in Eastland county this
afternoon, asking that his name be
barred from the ballot.
The petition charged that Gump
is spending too much money, that
he is a member of a secret order
other than the B'nai B'rith and the
Knights of Columbus and that he is
the candidate of a society that meets
in cow pastures and dark places.
The petition was filed by Assist
ant County Attorney Barnes and
will be called for hearing Monday
at Eastland.
Russian Refugees in Manchuria
in Starving Condition.
TOKIO, Nov. 3. (By the Associ
ated Press.) Official reports indi
cate that thousands of Russian ref
ugees from Vladivostok are at Hun
chun, . Manchuria, in a deplorable
condition. Supplies are exhausted
in the district Some of the exiles
are reported sell'ng their children
to Chinese.
The first general order issued by
the new red government of Vladi
vostok prohibits gambling and the
use of opium or cocaine.
The Japanese warship Kasuga
will return to its port November 10.
The Nishhin will remain in Vladi
vostok through the winter. Perfect
order is reported in the Siberian
Vessels in Northern Waters Are
Delayed by Severe Storms.
SEATTLE, Wash., Nov. 3. Heavy
southeast gales sweeping the south
eastern and southwestern Alaska
coasts have delayed vessels in these
waters, according to reports re
ceived here today. The Alaska
Steamship company's steamer Vic
toria, southward bound from Nome
and St. Michael, reported she had
encountered a storm near Cordova
and was able to make only 100
miles yesterday.
The passenger liner Northwestern
was anchored yesterday near Cor
dova, unable to proceed because of
the gale, and the freighter Valdez
reported she vas delayed by a heavy
storm near Ketchikan.
Portuguese Executives Decide to
Reconstruct Ministry.
LISBON, Nov. 3. (By the Asso
ciated 5ress.) The Portuguese cab
inet has decided to resign and re
construct the ministry.
This is in consequence of criti
cism of certain executive depart
ments by the opposition.
Chamber for Solution
That's Best for State.
Directors for Compromise
Despite Special Report,
Rail Line From Crane to Eugene
and Connection 'With Lake
view Also Wanted.
Another chapter In the vexing
nnmerger situation was written yes
terday when the Chamber of Com
merce directors, in special meeting,
adopted a resolution that was not at
ail a Reaffirmation of Its special
committee report a few weeks ago.
The resolutions did not declare for
the dismemberment of the Southern
Pacific-Central Pacific properties,
as did the committee report. In
stead, the directors adopted a com
promise attitude that admits of a
number of solutions of the problem
created by the supreme court deci
sion on May 29 last, which called for
the divorce of the Central Pacific
from Southern Pacific control and
Greatest Benefit Sought.
The directors pledged themselves
first of all to a solution that will be
of most benefit to the state of Ore
gon, whether it be by an indepen
dent Central Pacific system, a com
bination of the Southern and Cen
tral Pacifies, or a merger of the Cen
tral Pacific with the Union Pacific
The resolutions expressed implicit
confidence in the interstate com
merce commission in working out
the Central Pacific's destiny. It was
also urged that the commission give
careful consideration to completion
of the Natron cutoff, with its pro
posed connectiof!, completion of the
Crane branch of the Union Pacific
to a junction with the Natron cut
off, extension of the Deschutes can
yon line from Bend to join the Nat
ron cutoff or, the projected Crane-
Eugene line, and extension of a
branch line from somapoint on the
Crane-Eugene line to Lakeview.
Loophole Is Left.
, Finally, the directors left a loop
hole for further declarations on the
whole subject, should other facts
come to light that might affect the
situation. . ... .
It was understood the vote on the
adoption of the resolutions was 9 to
6. Among the recalcitrants were
said to have been members of the
board who thought nothing would
be gained by a reversal of the policy
outlined by the special committee
on unmerger, which went into the
matter after considerable study and
whose findings, it was said, were
worthy of indorsement.
H. B. Van Duzer was chairman
of the special committee, which had
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 1.)
Start From San Diego to New
York Is Made Just as
Day Is Breaking.
TOPEKA, Kan., Nov. 3. The
monoplane T-2 on its non-stop
transcontinental flight passed over
Pratt, Kan., at 10:10 o'clock tonight,
according to reports received at the
Rock Island offices in Topeka.
This was the last report received.
It had been reported over Dalhart,
Tex., at 8 o'clock. Rock Island of
ficials said that they did not. ex
pect the plane to pass over Topeka,
but that the next report was ex
pected from Eldon, Mo.
The speed, they said, was about
150 miles an hour.
check by the Southern Pacific com
pany telegraph department on the
non-stop filght from San Diego to
New York, which was started early
today by Licntenants John A. Mac
ready and Oakley Kelly of the
United States army, showed that
they passed over Gila, Ariz., at
10:15 A. M., Tucson, Ariz., at 12:17
P. M. ; Benson, Ariz., at 12:48 P. M.;
Dragoon, Ariz., at 1 P. M.; Wilcox,
AHz., at 1:15 P. M.; Bowie, Ariz., at
1:25 P. M. and Deming, N. M., at
2:35 P. M. The flyers were making
great speed, according to the in
formation reaching the company's
headquarters here.
EL PASO, Tex., Nox. 3. The air
plane in which Lieutenants John A.
MacReady and Oakley Kelly are try
ing to make a non-stop transconti
nental flight, passed over Guymon,
Okla.. at 9:20 o'clock (Central stand
ard time) tonight, according to in
formation received by the chief
operator of the El Paso & South
western railway here.
The dispatcher's information in
dicated that from Vaughn, N. M., to
Dalhart, Tex., the plane flew at the
rate of 102 miles an hour. It passed
over Vaughn at 5:35 P. M., Santa
Rosa, N. M., at 5:55; Tucumcari,
N. M., at 6:35; and Dalhart, Tex., at
8:30 P. M. (Central standard time),
his information indicated.
SAN DIEGO, Cal., Nov. 3. Keen
interest, in which anxiety may have
shared, was expressed at Rockwell
field late today as the progress of
Lieutenants John A. Macready and
Oakley Kelly, trying to make a non
stop flight from San Diego to New
York, in the great monoplane T-2,
were driving into what were sched
uled as the n'ght hours of their at
tempt to cross the continent with
out landing. Afer the report came
that after taking off from the army
aviation field at a few seconds be
fore 6 A. M. the flyers had passed
Deming, N. M, and were apparently
headed safely on the next stage of
their journey, officers at the field
said they felt confident that all was
right with the aviators.
The take-off was acclaimed. as a
masterly p'ece of airmanship. Lieu
tenant Kelly handled tho wheel, as
he did on the mo.-ning of October 5,
when the two aviators took the air
on a flight which resulted in a dura
tion record of 35 hours 18 minutes
end 30 seconds. - When the big ma
chine left the ground today, how
ever, it weighed 10,800 pounds, or
500 pounds more than when it
started on October 5.
Both aviators expressed confi
dence. "We expect t& eat dinner in New
York Saturday night," said Mac
ready with a laugh.
"It certainly looks like our day,"
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 5.)
Attitude on Taxes as Outlined in
Speech Declared Garbled by
Democratic Paper.
Persistent misrepresentation of
Governor Olcott's stand on the tax
issue is charged against Walter M.
,.V . V . " - -
canaiuaie, ana tne.uregon journaj
in a letter signed by the governor.
Jn this letter Governor Olcott point
ed out that Candidate Pierce and
the Journal have used 'a garble ex
cerpt of one- of the governor's
speeches in order to riake it appear
that Governor Olcott stated that
taxes cannot be reduced in Oregon
and may go higher than at present
Governor Olcott in his letter
quoted the paragraph used as it was
given to the press and delivered by
him two weeks ago.
The letter is as follows:
PORTLA NO, Or., Nov. 3. To the
Editor.) The Oregon Journal and Mr.
Pierce have persistently misrepresented
my attitude on the tax issue. They slate
that I have said in effect that taxes
cannot be reduced, and may go higher,
and they quote a garbled excerpt fiom
a speech of mine in support of their
assertion. The written text of that speech
was furnished to the press, and no fair
minded man could so garble it as to
bring out the idea that the opposition
to me is endeavoring to portray. Permit
me to quote from the typewritten sheet,
as given to the press, when. I started
out on this campaign two -weeks ago:
"For the year 1U22 there were 2769
distinct tax levying bodies in the state.
Tnere are hundreds of other
bodies with power to levy taxes that,
for some reason or another, did not
advantage of that power in 1922. TIley
may take advantage of it In 1923, in
1924 or in any other year if they desire
to do so, and if they do your taxes
from those sources will rise rather than
decrease. The governor has no power
over the action of these tax-levying
bodies save in an exceptionally few rases.
These taxes are under the control of
the people of the various localities and
are as remote from the power of the
executive control as are the taxes of the
federal government."
Thus it will be distinctly seen that the
reference was entirely to taxes in those
localities where tax-levying authority ex
ists that was not exercised in 1922, but
which might be exercised at any time.
Mr. Pierce and the opposition press
should be big enough and fair enough
to concede that 1 was the originator in
Oregon of the idea that taxes should be
reduced and equalized, because they both
know that I made such a recommenda
tion to the legislature two years ago,
and that it was because of my call ng
their attention to this condition, and
urging upon them authority for the ap
pointment of a special tax investigt:on
commission - that -the present agitation
'concerning taxes resulted. Incidentally,
permit me to add that the Oregon Jour
nal, at the time this commission was
appointed by me, made the statement
editorially that the appointments wtre
"mos: excellent." Very truly yours,
New York Girl Refuses to Marry
for $50,000 Bequest.
NEW YORK. Nov. 3. Heiress to
$50,000 on condition that she get
married, Miss Ruth Spanier, 21, has
decided to continue selling bread,
rolls and pies in her mother's store.
Miss Spanier was named beneficiary
in the will of her uncle, Jacob
Spanier, who died in Los Angeles.
"I certainly will not marry for
money," she said today. "When 1
marry it shall be . for love and I
will not alter my plan Just because
of this bequest."
Fall From Horse Causes Slight
Injury to Royal Ankle.
LONDON, Nov. 3. (By the " Asso
ciated Press.) The prince of Wales
today fell from his horse, slightly
spraining his ankle.
A medical examination showed no
Injury beyond a swelling.
John B. Yeon Says Candi
date Would Retard State.
Great Results Achieved by Com
mission Through Levy on
Those Who TJse Roads.
Attacks launched by Walter M.
Pierce, democratic candidate for
governor, against the state highway
commission and Its programme,
have come home to their author with
the zest and thud of a boomerange.
John B. Teon, member of the com
mission, far from shrinking into re
tirement before the onslaught of
Mr. Pierce, yesterday Issued a state
ment in entire refutation of the
charges, and placed the commis
sion's own case before the people of
Reduced to its essential declara
tion, the commission's counter-claim
is that It found Oregon thigh-deep
and hub-deep in mud and gave It
roads that rank foremost among the
highways of America. And this
without cost to the general tax
payer, but by the special taxation of
those who use the roads more than
others the motorists of the state.
This accomplishment, not to be de
nied, has been realized since 1917.
Results Are Cited.
The statement of Mr. Yeon, for
the highway commission, made pub
lic late yesterday, is as follows:
"For the purposes of his own cam
paign, Walter M. Pierce has at
tacked this commission and its pro
gramme, dealing largely in gen
eralities and misrepresentations that
cannot pass without challenge. Ore
gon has witnessed the evolution of
a commonwealth from wilderness.
Its history is linked with that of its
roads, from the Indian trail of the
past to the paved highway of the
present. And much of this Mad de
velopment, it must be borne in mind,
has been achieved within the past
five years. The commission found
Oregon a land of mud and impass
able barriers. It points to the con
venience and simplicity of travel in
the present.
Salem Cut Off From Portland.
"When the'programme of the com
mission was initiated Salem was iso
lated from Portland during the win
ter season. Farmers were held at
home by impassable thoroughfares.
There was no connection between
eastern and western Oregon except
by rail. Southern Oregon was a dis
tant, mud-locked province during
the rains. The state was provin
cial and scattered into units, inac
cessible for tho greater part of the
year save by rail transportation. Its
economic development was ham
pered and at a standstill.
"The proof of the soundness of the
commission's programme and of the
service rendered rests in the ad
mirable highways of today, which
have been declared by Thomas H.
McDonald, in charge of national
highways, to surpass all state high
ways in excellence and value for the
money expended. Travel by auto,
transportation by truck is today
an actuality. From Vancouver,
Wash., thu motorist may drive di
rectly through the length of Oregon
and to the Mexican line.
Pierce Would Retard State.
"Mr. Pierce attacks the commis
sion's plan of raising road funds.
He would substitute therefor the
pay-as-you-go system. He would
turn -back the clock. It is easily
demonstrated that, under the taxa
tion plan he proposes. 56 years would
be required, with the raisins of
$1,000,000 annually, to build the
highways that are in operation to
day. Increasing taxes, he would at
the same time retard development
for half a century.
"The roads of Oregon have not
been financed by tax money, but
from the fees of automobile owners,
every one of whom has benefited
far more than the amount of his
contribution. - Oregon had been
linked, county to county, town to
city, farm to market place,' with
out any increase in general taxa
tion. Do not forget that the visiting
motorist contributes approximately
$125,000 per annum in gas tax to
wards our roads. In addition the
tourist leaves a total of 12 to 15
million dollars per annum in the
state. These figures are fcased on
our traffic census reports.
Bonds Promptly Retired.
"He assails the financial sound
ness of this plan, despite the fact
that it already has proved itself de
pendable and efficient. Under the
commission's plan all highway
bonds have been retired when they
became due, all interest charges
have been fully paid and there is
today a surplus of $1,800,000.
Mr. Pierce has said, oddly enough,
in the face of his proposal to reduce
taxes, that the commission's finan
cial plan is impossible of applica-
Tlead of National League of
Women Voters Asks All to Go
to Polls Next Tuesday.
fBy Chicago Tribune Leased Wire.)
A strong plea to women voters to
go' to the polls and cast their
ballots Tuesday was issued today
by Mrs. Maude Wood Park, presi
dent of the National League of
Women- Voters. She declared that
the apathy of botn men and women
voters was. the greatest menace to
the country today.
"Our country is seriously im
periled by just one thing the
apathy of enfranchised men and
women, and the danger that threat
ens is greater than the menace of
any armed enemy," said Mrs. Park.
"Destruction of our commerce,
bombardment of our coast cities,
invasion of our shores, could in no
wise destroy us. Our country 13
too large, too varied, too rich ever
to be conquered, but it can be
wrecked from within.
"It can cease to possess a demo
cratic government, representative of
the people's wishes, their ideals,
their best interests, and become an
autocracy ruled by the vicious or
stupid few, and every man or
woman who fails to vote this year
contributes all that is in his power
to such an overthrow of the institu
tions our forefathers left to us."
Ashes of ex-Governor of Hawaii
to Be Sent East.
funeral of Lucius E. Pinkham, for
mer governor of Hawaii, was held
here today, Rev. William Kirk
Guthrie of the First Presbyterian
church conducting the service.
The body was cremated and the
ashes will be sent to Pinkham's
former liome in Worcester, Mass.
Warships to Protect Coasts of
Islands Requested.
MANILA, Nov. 3. (By the Associ
ated Press.) Warships to defend
the coasts of the rhHipTice islands
are asked for in a resoiuticri 3"
duced 1n the Philippine house o rep
resentatives. The United State congress is pe
titioned in the reso.utlon to author
ize construction of vessels.
Mauritania Crosses Atlantic in
5 Days, 7 Hours, 33 Minutes.
NEW YORK. Nov. 3. The Maure
tania, which arrived here today,
broke the speed record between
Cherbourg breakwater and Ambrose
light, covering the- distance in 5
days 7 hours and 33 minutes. .
This is 1 hour and 47 minutes bet
ter than the previous record, also
held by the Mauretania.
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature.
60 degrees; minimum temperature, 33
TODAY'S Saturd&y rain; southeasterly
- winds.
Ex-l.a!ser to simplify wedding ceremony. 3.
Abezzano u named Italian ambassador to
United States. Page 2.
Turkish sultanate reported abolished.
Page 2. -British
lists include 1370 candidates.
Page 6.
Head of National League of Women
voters askB for big vote Tuesday.
Page 1.
Fliers speed on way across continent.
Page 1. ' v
Rosalie Shanty to have operation.
Page 3.
Accused retells story of murder. Page 5.
Koclot death car found, is report. Page 3.
Miladv's waist line coming back. Is edict.
Page 1-
Leaders rash to save Senator Freling
kuysen. Page 2.
Dr. loyle raps clergy and praises press
of Toronto. Page5.
Carnegie pension fund supports 600 per
sons. Page 1.
Aggie-club game should be snappy.
Page 14.
Franklin defeats James John, 10-0.
Page 14.
Harter or Davis may meet Walker.
Page 15Y
Topnetch elevens are opponents today.
Page 14.
Commercial and Marine.
Milling wheat in northwest at highest
price of season. Page 22.
Government bonds advancing on New
York market. Page 23.
"Secretary Mellon issues- statement of
prcgress in reduction ' o national
debt. Page 22. ' ...
New United States, bonds go back to
subscription price. Page 23.
Rise in market of remnant wool. Page 23.
Edward N. Hurley praises port growth.
Page 16.
Ten trans-Pacific lines sign standard
rates agreement Page 16.
Portland and Vicinity.
Pierce attacks on highway work prove
boomerang. Sir. Yeon says. Page 1.
Livestock shows opens today. Page 1.
Chamber modifies attitude on railway
divorce. Page 1.
Mr. Olcott in note scores opposition.
Page 1.
Amalgamated parade to pass in review
tonight. Page 8.
Orders received retiring General Blatch-
ford. Page 7.
Season for making mincemeat Is here.
Page 9.
"True Blue" ticket branded as mislead
ing. Page 8.
Beef and veal supply plentiful. Page 9.
Income tax urged by investigators.
Page 22.
Health show finds two perfect babies.
Page 17.
Representative gathering pays tribute to
Oregon's chief executive. Page 4.
Compulsory education bill attacked at
25,000 Children to Be
First Visitors.
Champions Will Compete for
Grand Prize.
Last-Minute Preparations fop
Opening Go On and Be
lated Arrivals Placed. ;
Aristocrats of the ranch and
range, the prides of the great livestock-producing
territory of the Pa- .
cific coast, their total value ex
ceeding $2. 500,000, are awaiting the
opening of the 12th annual Pacific
International Livestock exposition
in their stalls at the exposition
grounds in North Portland today.
The doors will swing open at 8
o'clock this morning and until 13
o'clock Saturday night, November
11, the finest the west can produce
in horses, cattle, sheep, hogs and
poultry will vie for the greatest
distinction in the livestock world,
the purple ribbon of the grand
champion of its class.
The exposition, coming as it does
in the late fall, is the grand climax
of the galaxy of county fairs, slate
fairs and stock shows which are
held throughout the northwest,
starting in August, From one to an
other of these shows the finest tho
west can produce is taken in the
gradual elimination process until
the final and greatest exposition,
the Pacific ' International at Port
land In November, is held and thence
and for all time the claims of tho
finest animals for the championship
honors are settled.
4000 Entries Are Made.
With a 10 per cent increase in the
number of entries this year, totaling
nearly 4000, the greatest show in the
history of the exposition is an
ticipated. The 4000 entries do not
include the poultry entries nor the
total number of animals participat
ing in the various classes. In sev
eral entries there are as many as
three or four animals, but the 4000
does represent the total number of
individual exhibitors of high grads
The exhibit pavilions and the
stock barns were a veritable bee
hive of industry yesterday, and
throughout the day and last night
hundreds of animals arrived. The
capacity of the unloading platforms,
which will accommodate 50 cars at
one time, facilitated the unloading
of much of the stock which arrived
during the night. Two special trains
of 48 cars each arrived at 6 o'clock
last night from Spokane and inland
empire points in Washington and
from eastern Oregon sections.
25,000 Children Expected.
Today has been named as school
day at the exposition, and 25,000
school children of Portland are ex
pected to attend the fair. Free ad
mission tickets have been distrib
uted throughout the schools and as
an added inducement a $50 prize will
be awarded to the school having the
largest percentage of attendance
As an added attraction to today's
programme the stock judging team3
from the various colleges through
out the Pacific coast will be present
and vie for honors. Five men will
participate for each of the colleges
represented, the competition being
.in the judging of dairy cattle and
beef grades. The colleges to be
represented include the University
of California, University of Mon
tana, Washington State college and
the Oregon Agricultural college.
Mere than $80,000 in premiums
will be awarded to the exhibitors
who are present from all sections
of every state on the Pacific coast
and in the northwest district.
Listed among the more valuable in
dividual exhibit is that of the Car
nation Milk companjr-of Washing
ton which has brought its world's
champion cow, holder of the world's
record, giving 38,000 pounds of
milk yearly. The cow is a IIol
stein valued at $100,000 and known
as "Prospect," and in her unique
stall specially prepared for her ex
clusive use she will play the lead
ing role in the scene of a Holland
dairy farm home.
Beit Jersey to Be Shown.
Another champion will be pres
ent in the form of a breed cham
pion, Lad's Iota, a product of the
S. J. McKee stables of Independence,
Or., and the holder of the world's
record for jersey cattle. In her
private stanchion in the center of
the huge Jersey division of the
dairy cattle department. Lad's Iota
will play the leading role in a
scene depicting a typical dtiry home
in the Isle of Jersey, where her an
cesters were raised.
Livestock exhibits will vie with
other equllly important exhibits
from the standpoint of the Pacific
coast agriculturists, for the depart
ment devoted to the manufacturers
and land , -products exposition in the
huge main pavilion building has
.. (Concluded on Page 3, Column 1.)
mass meeting, .rage t, ,
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 2.)