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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAX. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 10. 1022
MAN WHO BROUGHT ABOUT AND THEN DOMINATED
Europe Should Pay, Says
CURB ON WAR IS WANTED
Loans Declared Made With Great
Sacrifice and With Expec
tation of Remission.
"WASHINGTON, D. C, Oct. 9. A
strong declaration was made today
bv ReDresentative Theodore E. Bur
ton, republican, Ohio, a member of
the allied debt commission, against
any cancellation of the debts of
.European nations to the United
States. His statement to this effect,
made unanimous the opiniori on the
question of all-Ameriean delegates
to the inter-parliamentary union
conference at Vienna, a number of
senators who, with Representative
Burton, toured Kurope and con
ferred with leading statesmen and
publicists, having previously de
clared that the allied debts should
not be remitted.
Representative Burton conferred
with President Harding today, and
after campaigning in Ohio, will re
turn here for the meeting this
month of the ajlied debt commission
with ureat Britain s nnanciai rep
Three Reasons Advanced,
"There are many reasons why the
allied debts should not be cancelled,"
said Representative Burton. "First,
they are binding obligations, a na
tional debt, and their cancellation
would throw trouble on national
debts, which is an all-important
part of all commercial and indus
"Second, these loans were not
made from an abounding revenue,
but were obtained by borrowing
from people with, no small diffi
culty and with a great deal of. sac
rifice. There was no thought at
the time that they should not be
repaid and indeed, the law under
which our people took our bonds
provided for their exchange in kind.
"Third, the United States is sin
cerely interested in world peace.
If these debts were cancelled, it
would lead to an expansion of the
military and naval establishments
of other countries and thereby bring
a threat of war and all the waste it
. "Fourth, proportionately, the in
crease in the debt of the United
States as a result of the war is
greater than that of the borrower.
The increase in taxation also is
Kurt her Loans Opposed.
"Further, while we recognize that
on sacrifices made by the allies
during the war, their danger was
more imminent and we have gained
no territory anu are not expecting
any large indemnities. The gen
eral feeling abroad is that these
debts ought to be paid."
Air. Burton also declared against
any further national loans abroad,
adding that private credits for
American raw materials might and!
should be arranged, but that the
United States treasury should not
be called upon, again to aid any
foreign country except possibly for
He did not appear to be impressed j
by the league of nations, several i
of whose meetings at Geneva he I
"It seemed like a big debating :
society, ' he said, declaring that a
number of irrelevant and academic
questions seemed to be receiving
undue attention. There was as lit
tle probability now as ever, he
added, that the United States would
become'a member of the league, but
he expressed the belief that the
United States should have represen
tation on a world court with limited
jurisdiction and one not under con
trol of the league. An effort is be
ing made, he said, to detach the
present international court from the
l :--: " 1
, . - . I
Photo Copyright by Underwood.
Studio portrait of Henri Franklin-Bouillon, French envoy, who engineered
the prettent conference at Mudania, which, it in hoped, will avert war
between Mustapha K em a 18 Turks and the British empire.
RED GROSS IS READY
PREPARATIONS MADE TO AID
NEAR EAST SUFFERERS.
Facilities Also Are Placed at Dis
posal of John Barton Payne .
for Relief of Sufferers.
PART OF HAP CROP FREE
Quaarntine in Portions of Baker
County Is Lifted.
BAKER, Or.. Oct. 9. (Special.)
An official notice from the state
board of horticulture releasing
Baker and Sumpter valleys from the
hay shipping Quarantine placed on
the rest of Baker county was re
ceived today by County Judge Dod
son. The line of prohibition as
established will be one and a half
milfts south of Baker and will apply
to the Bridgeport road from Burnt
river. Warning signs will be placed
on roads of entry into the quaran
tined district. Judge Dodson indi
cated. As r result of the modifying or
der probably $50,000 worth of hay,
Baker county's largest agricultural
crop, which has been baled or cut,
will be released for shipment.
Peacock Rock Springs coal. Dia
mond Coal Co., Bdwy. 3037. Adv.
J. F. N. Colburn Director
6 to 8 and 9:30 to 11:30 1
1. "If Tou Like Me, Like I
Like You," fox trot
L. Wolfe Gilbert
2. "Artist's Life," waltz
S. "Naughty M a r i e t t a."
selection Victor Herbert
4. "Out of the Shadows"...
Kalm and Blaufuss
5. "Ave Maria" Schubert
6. "Wabash Blues." fox trot
Ringle and Meinken
7. "After Vespers"...N'eil Moret
8. "The Picadore." march...
John Phillip Sousa
388 Washington Street,
WASHINGTON. D. C, Oct. 9. The
American Ked Cross made ready
today to extend again a helping
hand across the sea, this time to aid
refugees in the- near east. An
nouncement was made at the open
ing of the annual convention of the
organization that its executive com
mittee had placed in the hands of
Chairman John Barton Payrre all of
the organization's funds and facili
ties to aid near eastern sufferers.
The action brought praise from
President Harding, who, in a mes
sage of greetings, expressed grati
fication at the steps taken to meet
the emergency for which a national
appeal for funds was authorized
yesterday by the president.
Chairman Payne aid no appro
priation of funds could be made,
because the amount required was
unknown, but the committee di
rected him to use such funds as he
The situation of disabled ex-service
men was also widely discussed
bv the convention. While several
speakers voiced! dissatisfaction with
the work of the veterans' Dureau
the gratification of a number of Red
Cross chapters was expressed by
other speakers, who lauded the ef
forts of the bureau to co-operate in
the relief work.
Chairman Payne described his re
cent visit to European Red Cross
centers and declared that whatever
opinion was held in foreign coun
tries of the American official pol
icies, there was unanimity every
where on the splendid work
Europe of the American Red Cross.
The night session was addressed,
by Sir Claude Hill, director-general
of the League of Red cross aocie
ties, who discussed the situation in
Europe and the near east and the
relief efforts being extended by the
Red Cross there. Dr. A. Ross HUl
vice-chairman in charge of foreign
operation of the American society.
spoke on the field work m Europe
President Harding in a message
of welcome to the convention of
the Red Cross expressed his grati
fication at the steps being taken in
co-operation with the near east re
Mr. Harding, in his, message ad
dressed to Chairman Payne, asked
Mr. Pavne to express to the conven
tion "the verv cordial greeting and
satisfaction that I feel in knowing
of this annual session of the dele
gates from the various chapters
which cave to the American Red
Cross its unfailing strength and
readiness for every emergency."
"It has been most gratifying to
learn that your executive committee
this morning has appropriated
funds and hastaken steps to render
efficient relief in the great and ap
pealing emergency which has arisen
in the near east," the president con
tinued. "The readiness of your or
ganization to meet this most ais
tressing situation adds to our grat
ification in being able to turn to a
srreat organization prepared for any
task. The consciousness of this
nrseitv to do things must con
tribute to the enthusiastic spirit
which imbues the American Red
Cross throughout every ' unit, and
the knowledge adds to the pride
and confidence of the people of the
United States in having sucn an
agency to give expression to human
sympathy and helpfulness."
Chairman Payne said that the
first action of the Red Cross would
be to proceed to meet the emergency
considered as existing in the near
"The amount to be expended was
not named and no specific sum was
appropriated." Mr. Payne added.
DEATH RATE REDUCED
Infant Mortality Also Is Smaller,
According to 1931 Figures.
WASHINGTON. D. C, Oct. 9. A
record low death 'rate was estab
lished last year in the registration
areas of the United States, according
to an announcement tonight by the
department of commerce, which
gave the rate as 11.7 a thou
sand population against 13.1 in 1920.
The infant mortality rate for 19ZX-
also decreased from 1920, according
to the statement, which gave the
rate for 1921 as 76 a thousand and
86 a thousand for the previous year.
The registration areas include a
population of 70.425,000.
The birth rate for 1921 was 24.3 a
thousand against 23.7 a thousand in
10,000 IN SAFETY MARCH
Children Dress as Ghosts to Kep
. resent Traffic Toll.
NEW YORK, Oct. 9. Ten thousand
children tramped up Fifth avenue
today to impress upon the grownups
as well as other boys and girls that
they must be careful not to get hurt
in the swirling traffic of the city
Banners with the slogan "Don't
get hurt" and other "safety week"
sentiments were carried by boy
scouts, girl scouts and others in the
In one section was a group of 1054
dressed as ghosts to represent the
accident toll of the past year. Be
hind them marched mothers, who
wore white stars for children lost in
Harvests, However, to. Be
Larger Than Last Year."
NEBRASKA CORN IS HIT
25,000,000 Bushels of Oats and
21,000,000 Bushels of Corn
WASHINGTON. T. C Oct.' 9.
Crops generally suffered loss in
prospective production during Sep
tember, but the harvests 'will be
larger than they were last year, ex
cept in the case of corn, buckwheat.
sus-ar beets and peanuts.
Vreliminarv estimates and fore
casts of production, announced to
day by the department 01 agricui
ture showed a reduction, as com
pared with a month ago. of 25.000,
(IINI h.mhels of oats. 21. 000,000 bush
els of corn. 8.000.000 bushels of
spring wheat. 16,000,000 bushels of
peanuts. 5.000,000 bushels of white
notatoes. 2.800.000 bushels of sweet
nofafoeo and 2.900.00O bushels of
apples. There were increases, how
ever, in the forecasts of tobacco,
barley, buckwheat, rice and beans.
Nebraska Corn Suffers.
Nebraska's corn crop suffered1
most, showing a reduction -of about
13.000.000 bushels from a month ago.
The reduction in Illinois was about
12,000.0 00 bushels, in Missouri 7,000,.
000 bushels and in Kansas 1,000,000
The preliminary estimates of pro
bushels) is as follows;
Minnesota. 30,702; North Dakota. 114,
508; South Dakota, 36.652; Montana, 32,
555; Washington, 10,552. "
The condition on October 1 and
the forecast of production (in thou
sands of bushels) of principal pro.
ducing states were announced as
duction of spring wheat by principal
producing states (in thousands of
Corn Pennsylvania, condition 84, and
forecast 64,735; Ohio, 8 and 154,828;
Indiana, 83 and 176.3!ll; Illinois. 80 nd
313,251; Minnesota, 77 and 112.442: Iowa,
96 and 441.201; Missouri. 77 and 16D.372;
South Dakota, 81 and 113.010; Nebraska,
64 and 166,186; Kansas, 59 and 105,201;
Texas. 69 and 121,234.
Potatoes Maine, 65 and 21.411; New
York, 80 and 30.770; Pennsylvania, 81
and 26,088; Michigan. 80 and 37,274;
Wisconsin. 85 and 37,638; Minnesota, 72
WASHINGTON WJIEAT HIT
Spring Yield for 192 2 Placed at
SPOKANE. Wash., Oct. 9. The
spring wheat crop of Washington
for 1922 is placed at 10.552,000
bushels, according to figures an
nounced today by G. S. Kay, agri
cultural statistician, in charge of
the division of crop and livestock
estimates of the United States de
partment of agriculture here. The
yield is estimated at 9.2 bushels an
acre, one of the lowest yields to an
acre on record. The spring wheat
production in 1921 was 17,205,000
bushels. The quality of this year's
crop is estimated at 84 per cent, as
against 91 per cent last year.
The all wheat crop for Washing
ton is estimated at 31,347,000 bushels
for October. The September 1 fore
cast placed the all wheat crop at
Washington's oat crop is esti
mated at 7,676,000 bushels, compared
with 10,500,000 bushels in 1921. The
yield . per acre this year is 3S
bushels, against 50 bushels in 1921.
Preliminary estimates place the
barley, yield this season at 23
bushels per acre, compared with 36. S
bushels in 1921. The total crop for
1922 is predicted at 1,610,000 bushel
against a September 1 forecast of
1.606,000 bushels. The 1921 crop was
Washington's 1921 corn crop, aver
aging 90 per cent of normal on
October 1, is expected to amount to
2,268.000 bushels, compared with
2,400,000 bushels last year.
Potatoes in Washington averaged
79 per cent of normal on October 1.
The crop is expected to be 8.579.000
bushels this year. The September 1
estimate was 7.920.000 bushels. Tho
1921 crop was 7.425.000 bushels.
Apples dropped from 82 per cent
of normal on September 1 to 71 per
cent of normal on October 1. Th
state's total aple crop is estimated
at 25,175,000 bushels, compared witn
a 1921 crop of 29.062.000 bushels,
and the September 1 estimate of
28,358.000 bushels. The commercial
apple crop is placed at 20,895,000
bushels, as against the forecast of
23,535.000 bushels and the 1921 crop
of 24.SOO.000 bushels.
The decrease in apple estimates,
according to Statistician Ray, is duo
to the severe "worm" damage In
the Wenatchee district, many local
ities throughout the Takima val
ley and in the White Salmon dis
trict. Hail damage has reduced the
crop in the Omak district in Okano
Washington's pear crop Is esti
mated at 1.826,000 bushels, or 80
per cent of a normal crop. The
September 1 estimate was 1,780,000
bushels and the 1921 crop was
Grapes, with an average condi
tion of 80 per cent of normal on
October 1, give, promise of a crop
of 3,520,000 pounds. The September
1 estimate was 3,827,000 pounds.
Lamding Fields to Be Fixed.
SALEM, Or., Oct. 9. (Special.)
Lieutenant H. D. Smith, in charge
of the forest airplane patrol in Ore
gon during the past summer, has re
ceived instructions from the gov
ernment to establish emergency
landing fields at intervals of 25
miles along the course of airplane
operations in Oregon and Washing
ton. Lieutenant Smith was in Salem
today conferring with K. A. Elliott.
state forester with relation to the
S. & H. green stamps for cash.
Holman Fuel Co., coal and wood.
Broadway 6353; 560-21. Adv.
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