Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 13, 1922, Page 8, Image 8

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    THE 3IOENIXG OREGONIAN, WEDNESDAY, SEPTE3IDEI 13, 1922
itt0nmiigrpntart
ESTABLISHED BY HENRY 1 PITTOCK
Published by The Oregonian Pub. Co..
135 Sixth Street. Portland. Oreicon.
3.CET, jfl. B. PIPER.
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MR. HALL'S CANDIDACY.
Mr. Hall seeks to become an
independent candidate for gover
nor, following his defeat at the
republican primary, and in repu
diation of his pledge, required of
all candidates by statute, that he
would not become a candidate, if
defeated, of any other party. This
is a purely personal promise and
it may be, as. it has been, dis
regarded by any candidate in a
primary who is able to provide
himself with reasons for his action.
Because it could be done the leg
islative assembly in 1919 enacted
a companion statute which sought
to prevent the certification of inde
pendent nominations growing out
of such circumstances, or nomina
tions by another party, and the
governor was instructed not to in
clude such candidates in his procla
mation. It is this latter law with which
Mr. Hall is confronted. Since it is
the law, it may be expected that
the attorney general will so advise
the secretary of state; and a man
damus proceeding upon him will
naturally follow, and the supreme
court will determine whether the
statute is constitutional. If it is
Mr. Hall is out of it; if it is not,
his name will find a place on the
ballot.
With the legal .' phases of the
case, it may not be proper that we
now concern ourselves; but some
thing may be said of its other
aspects. Mr. Hall became a can
didate for governor before the re
publican primary, and subscribed
to a written obligation that he
would in good faith accept its re
sults. He was defeated on the face
of returns by five hundred votes,
and he instituted a contest qn
varied charges of irregularity, mis
count, and so forth, with implica
tions of gross fraud; and he failed
to make good. The chief reliance
of the contestant, however, ap
pears to have rested on the show
ing that many democrats entered
the republican primary and voted
for Mr. Olcott; but the court wouki
not permit him to open up this
phase of the subject. It therefore
remains unproved of record. The
fact that democrats changed their
registration on election day is
notorious, but that more of them
voted for Mr. Olcott than Mr. Hall
is and forever will be uncertain
and unknown. There is no novelty
about the phenomenon of a raid
by members of one party Into the
primary of another. It is a prac- i
tice which has been tolerated for
years, without legislative relief or,
the interference of an effective
public opinion. Whatever the facts !
behind the returns, no candidate
at least no candidate for high of- I
fice has ever heretofore made I
inem me occasion or pretext for
disputing the record. Mr. Hall is
Doia enough to do it.
The impulse behind the Hall can
didacy is the Federated Patriotic
societies, or a faction of that or
ganization, and the occasion is the
compulsory education issue, raised
by the initiative measure requiring
ait cnuaren between, eight and
fourteen to attend the public
schools. Clearly, Mr. Hall will
stand on advocacy of that measure.
It la significant that Mr. Pierce,
the democratic candidate, takes
occasion now to announce that he
is for the bill, but that the issue
is not compulsory education, but
taxation, and he wilt be drawn in
no controversy over the former. It
is significant also that Mr. Pierce
is at paina to proclaim that he is
a Protestant, and that eight gener
ations before him wera Protestants,
and hisA family, his wife and his
wife's family, are all Protestants.
If compulsory education, with its
involvement of religious warfare,
has no place in the campaign, why
did Mr. Pierce find it necessary to
give his sectarian pedigree? What
has his Protestantism to do with
his candidacy? Disclaiming reli
gious prejudice, and denouncing it,
he at the same time makes a bald
appeal to religious prejudice.
Yet religion has no proper place
in the campaign. Every candidate
knows it, and every one will dis
claim responsibility for it. But it
is here, and the prospect that the
public will be able to determine
calmly and soberly the issues that
concern their material welfare
chief of which is taxation is not
good.
The offer of a prize of $25,000
for the most valuable contribution
to the science of chemistry during
,the year makes a goal worth striv
ing for in the material sense, but
it is doubtful whether it was needed
to stimulate endeavor in a line that
has been particularly inviting in
recent years because of the rewards
afforded by the work itself. For
the research worker is either an
enthusiast or a failure and like the
explorer of old he either went into
the game for the glory of it or he
stayed o.ut. As a means of arous
ing public interest in the progress
of chemistry, and especially indus
trial chemistry, however, it may
be worth while. Few persons who
make everyday use of the common
articles of domestic economy real
ize the extent to which they are
dependent on organized science and
how difficult it would be to return
to primitive ways. Understanding
of the necessity tor specialized
training- will have a good effect on
the general movement for educa
tion and If this were universal it
would be worth a good many times
$25,000 to the country.
, F LAYING ON WORDS.
Mr. Spence. of the state Grange,
gave his approval, it appears, to
one of the "approaches" used by
the men he hired to hawk the in
come tax measure about the streets
of Portland. That approach upon
the unwary voter and possible pe
tition signer (at so much per
name) was the representation that
It was a measure to reduce taxes.
Mr. Spence offers the ingenious
argument that the income tax
measure would in fact reduce taxes
on general property, and therefore
it was not untruthful to say that
it was a measure to reduce taxes.
The fact is that while the income
I tax measure would make possible
a present reduction in the property
tax it specifically permits the rais
ing by taxation of the total amount
now permitted to be raised by the
constitution. Of course the dollar
the citizen contributes to the cost
of government, when assessed in
part because he owns property and
is just as much a dollar ,s when
it is assessed against him solely
because he owns property.
The implication conveyed by the
petition hawkers, and the implica
tion intended to be conveyed, was
that the measure offered for signa
tures was one that would decrease
the total volume of taxation, which
it would not do.
The only reason that the paid
hawkers did not present the matter
in its true light as an income tax
measure was that signatures came
easier if they represented that the
bill was something else. Mental
reservation by Mr. Spence and the
hawkers that their words should
not have the meaning they inevit
ably, conveyed is flimsy excuse for
such tactics.
NO PARTi' YARD-STICK.
It is to be expected that the con
vention of republican candidates,
called to meet in Portland, will
content itself .with resolutions of
fered distinctly as an expression of
the views of the members of the
convention and not as A party plat
form or declaration of principles
for other members of the party.
The distinction is quite impor
tant. In the days of the much
berated convention and when con
ventions were wilful and sometimes
seemingly indifferent to party opin
ion, a suggestion that candidates
be chosen and that those candi
dates alone decide upon the
party platform such a suggestion
would have been treated harshly.
Some states having the direct
primary also provide by law for
platform conventions. The conven
tion delegates are chosen for the
definite purpose of preparing the
party platform, and to men of
known views on important issues
and of fair accord with party be
liefs and aspirations is entrusted
the task. There is nothing like
that in Oregon. We nominate par
ty candidates for office, but the
candidate's party is no more than i
label. He prepares his own plat
form, and often that is a mere
formality.
The required quota of candidates
has now been nominated by the
republicans. What each stands for
is not remembered except in con
spicuous instances. It may be well
for them to get together now and
reiterate what they propose to do
for the public if the public elects
them. But what they may agree
upon .will not be the measure of
republicanism. Nobody in Oregon
is qualified at present to cut a par
ty yard-stick.
One logical . thing for. the con
vention to do is to recommend a
law authorizing a method of enun
ciating party principles.
COME HITHER. BUDYARD.
Like rjoor Robinson Crusoe of
the weathered rhyme, the wonder
is what made Rudyard Kipling do
so. Here in America we had
shrined him most affectionately
and held, against argument, that
he of all scriveners knew best the
magic of our mother tongue when
there was a tale to be written. Yet
he has turned upon America, with
a snarl for us and our opinion,
and as many a smaller man before
him he has raised the charge that
we are blind to all save the dollar.
We take this most unkindly, and
also with a chill fear that some
thing has happened, most unto
ward, to Mr. Kipling's distin
guished and hitherto mannerly
liver.
Mr. Kipling needs to go fishing.
When men and matters are drab
to a dour eye. when jaundice floods
the spleen with rancor, it is usual
for mortals to require a day or
two, or a blessed week, if the red
gods are kind, by lake or stream.
Wherefore we suggest, having first
in mind the precious health of a
favorite author, and second the
comity of nations,- that Rudyard
repair without more ado to the
green current of the Clackamas,
where it rushes toward Willamette
and thence to Mother Columbia
and th Sea. That he will recog
nize the reasonableness of this
prescription seems self evident, for
once upon a time and this isn't
another story he caught a silver,
flashing, furious, fighting salmon
there..
The record of that event is epic.
Young Mr. Kipling. his mustache
was very callow then had com
mitted himself to a tour of the
States. San Francisco he had found
repellent and uncouth, the speech
of his fathers alien to his ears, and
Portland he had discovered as an
upstart settlement with board side
walks whereon sank, and remained,
"the fresh tobacco stain" of the
braggart Yankee. Young Mr. Kip
ling did not care for us, his cousins.
and It seemed to him in his lone
liness that he would trade his lit
erary future for a glimpse of or
dered hedge rows and the whiff of
hot cross buns. There must have
been, however, an entertainment
committee even in those distant
days. Someone suggested to the
disconsolate Briton that he go
fishing.
He caught his salmon. Need one
say more? Rudyard did. Almost
he hymned the happy Clackamas
in liquid pose, almost ho deified the
brilliant and courageous creature
that thrust upward at his lure, and
by the strenuous gallantry of bat
tle afforded him his first kindly
impression of America. He quite
forgot the Tweed and its chalk
banks in the glory of that moment,
and it is logical to assume that he ' not exacting such teamwork and
went his way Jn. a sweeter temper j for not exerting his executive power
for that he had caught a fish. In , promptly and firmly. i
substance he committed himself to I Prospective reduction of repub
the conclusion that that man who, I lican - majorities will- probably
having never felt the strike and J strengthen rather than weaken the
seen the leap of an Oregon salmon, j party by imbuing each member in
had never really lived and was congress with a deeper sense of
cheated of his birthright. Of such j party solidarity and responsibility
a man, one inferred, as he said than now prevails. Leaders will
somewhere else regarding mutton realize that they must give effect
stew, it might well be imagined, j to the consensus ol opinion among
"By Allah, heknoweth not bad
from good!" '
Obviously Mr. Kipling, older and
wiser now though he is? needs to
go fishing once more. He is too
fine a friend to be lost when a
trip to the river, the east of a fly,
the swirl of a fish, will save him.
If he hastens, and greatly to his
interest it is to hasten, he will
arrive before the steelhead have
ceased their late summer pilgrim
age up the Rogue. There, where
the smooth green current slips over
some ledge a long cast from waist
deep water, his -remedy will rise to
the fly. causing Mr. Kipling to feel
vastly improved, urging him ' to
write another epic, and eliminating
in a joyous twenty minutes the bile
which plagues him so.
PREVENTION OF SAWMILL FIRES.
Burning of the Hammond mill at
Astoria suggests that some more
effective means be found to prevent
sawmill fires. Though a mill be
fully insured, the frequency of
fires makes premiums high, and
payment of insurance money can
not compensate for stoppage' of a
great industry and, loss of employ
ment to several hundred men until
the mill is rebuilt.
Mills constantly become larger,
investment in machinery heavier,
and more and larger communities
become dependent on them, but
lumbermen build of wood simplj
because that material is handy and
cheap. Unless automatic .appar
atus can be installed which would
instantly extinguish fire in its in
fancy or unless mill buildings of
wood can be chemically .treated to
render them fireproof, it may prove
to be economy to build of some
non-inflammable material. This
may be considered a poor adver
tisement for lumber, but so are
sawmill fires, and against that ob
jection it may be said that the fire
risk is greater in sawmills than in
other frame buildings. .
MAINE AS A POLITICAL WEATHER
SIGN. With due addition for the
women's vote and due deduction
for the fact that this is not a
presidential year, Maine has given
the republican party an average
old-time majority. Evidently those
voters who were attracted to the
republican ticket in 1920 by desire
to be rid of the Wilson administra
tion and by other motives have
dropped back into their usual party
places, so that we could not expect
a repetition of the huge majority
of 77,394 that was given Harding
in that year. The probable major
ity of about 27,000 compares well
with that of 13,142 for senator in
1918 when the house of representa,
tives was all but tied and witfi that
f 18.758 for governor in 1910 It
approaches that of 31,684 given
Taft in 1908, when the republicans
won the presidency, and both
branches of congress. It contrasts
with the- meagre majority of 5388
given Hughes in 1916, which fore
shadowed republican defeat, though
that might have been turned into
victory by better political judg
ment in the west.
Maine's verdict means that the
high hopes reposed in the repub
lican party in 1920 have greatly
subsided, that it has not been able
to hold the new adherents that it
won in that year, that it may lose
much strength in the next two
years unless it performs well dur
ing that period, and that thereby it
may imperil its chance of victory
In 1924. Recession of the tidal
wave that rose in. 1920 will cer
tainly reduce the republican major
ity in the house, possibly also in the
senate, but a democratic majority
in either branch is not in the cards.
Memory of the Wilson administra
tion is too fresh to permit that, but
while that memory will fade during
the next two years, republicans will
be judged more by their own record
and less by that of their opponents.
In order that it may hold public
confidence, the republican party in
the two years before us must im
prove on what it has done in the
two years just passed. Its big ma
jorities in both senate and house
were a positive handicap, for they
encouraged it to be careless and
irresponsible and to split into
groups, which at times overcame
the party majority by temporary
alliance with democrats. Having
been elected in popular protest
against a stretch of the executive
power which reduced congress, to
a position of. subservience, it has
been too much disposed to reject
the leadership of the president,
and Mr. Harding's temperament
and legislative experience made
him reluctant to exert his authority
as head of the government and
leader of the party.
To these conditions may be
traced the extent to which the
party has fallen short of public
expectation and of meeting the
necessities of the time. In revising
the revenue law, it - rejected the
president's advice in deference to
demagogues and others who did
not understand the .economic ef
fects of taxes. It has passed a
tariff law the redeeming feature
of which is the authority given the
president to vary from its rates of
duty on advice of the tariff com
mission. It is now- engaged in
passing a soldiers' bonus bill with
out providing revenue to pay the
bonus, again contrary to the presi
dent's advice. A revolt in the
party, supported by many demo
crats, was necessary to prevent the
leaders from dangerously weaken
ing the army and navy against the
protest of the president. To its
credit may be placed the budget
law, the immigration restriction
law, several measures for relief of
agriculture and the pending coal
control and inquiry bills.
The most outstanding achieve
ments of the party, those which
have won most general approval,
have been the work of the execu
tivethe Washington treaties, the
peace treaty with Germany, media
tion between Peru and Chile, the
large savings made under the
budget law, improvement in the
national finances, better care of
disabled veterans. Where the
president has not risen to the oc
casion, the fault has lain usually
with congress for not giving him
proper teamwork and. with him for J
j the members in order to carry their
, measures, and that hereafter they
will be completing the record on
which . the party must go to the
oeorjle in 1924 lor a renewal of its
rnnirnl rtf th e-nv-prnment. Less
tolerance may be shown to mem
bers who, though nominally repub
licans, habitually vote with the op
posite party. Results of primary
elections have shown a desire
among the' people for a change in
control of the party. They might
extend this restlveness to elections,
if the republicans should.be delin
quent. Taking .Maine as a guide, the
party can win in 1924 by holding
its present voting strength and
capturing its fair quota of the un
attached vote. It cannot expect
another tidal wave to sweep it in,
for tidal waves are political phen
omena, therefore infrequent.
GROWTH. OF I.IFK INSURANCE. .
How far advanced we are beyond
the period when life insurance was
regarded by a good many serious
minded persons as a kind of "blood
money" is illustrated by the esti
mate of the Insurance Press that in
1921 the total of life insurance
premiums paid in the United States
vl.710,000,000 exceeded by al
most a billion dollars the total for
fire and .marine risks combined.
The laying out of a billion and
three quarter dollars for this form
of "protection" is curiously at var
iance with the recklessness with
which we disregard' many of the
commoner precautions for preserv
ing and prolonging life.
Of the sixty-three largest death
claims paid during the year, eight,
or a trifle more than 12 per cent
of the whole, were occasioned by
automobile accidents, a rate that
entitles automobiling, from the
actuarial viewpoint, to rating
among the diseases of high mortal
ity. The automobile death rate in
1921 indeed was 155.1 per million
of inhabitants, having increased
from 149.7 in 1920. The rate, says
the report, has "risen to alarming
proportions, with no signs of abate
ment." It shows how great is the
stake of the insurance companies
in the safety first movement, which
we may confidently expect to re
suit in a new department of extra
insurance service, comparable to
the departments of health and hy-
giene which some of them now
maintain.
Increase of population of the
United States between 1910 and
1920 was about 15 per cent and in
the same period the amount of
insurance in standard companies
increased by 120 per cent. The
principle involved is the established
one of dividing the burden of
calamity and loss among so large
a number of individuals that no
one of them will be oppressed,
kind of social co-operation which
has been one of the noteworthy
features of the development of
civilization in recent years. . The
refinements which have been added
to the original system, its invest
ment opportunities and whatnot,
creating a common interest among
large numbers of individuals in
tremendous economic undertakings
no less than in the immediate re
lief of distress caused by death,
have been the product of increas
ing human capacity for organiza
tion. Moreover this phase of in
surance depends so utterly upon
order and stability of government
as to make it one of the strongest
possible hostages against bolshev-
ism, anarchy and every other force
inimical to orderly social progress.
Efforts to determine the identity
of the youthful burglar who was
killed in a house he was looting a
week ago have proved futile, and
somebody's mother will be happier
that it s so.
James M. Cox, back from Eu
rope, says the United States is cer
tain to enter the league of nations,
If she does, he may depend upon
it, it will not be under his guidance.
The fire in the Hammond mill at
Astoria is nothing short of a calam
ity and the most cheering an
nouncement will be that the mill
will be rebuilt.
Rudyard Kipling seems to have
forgotten all about that glorious
salmon he once caught in the
Clackamas river.
A Chinaman who complains of
attempt to "badger" him by white
women needs lots of evidence to
sustain him.
Trains taken off a while ago "be
cause of conditions" are being re
stored; so conditions must be good.
The evil of a vice ring is that
it drags in people who would not
be contaminated by anything else.
What the country likes so much.
aDout .fresiaent ana Mrs. Harding
is that they are "just folks."
Dr. McElveen declines to run.
but as for Andy Gump catch him
doing anything like that!
The ice men, whose business is
cash with increasing demand, never
have labor troubles.
Now. what has America done to
Rudyard Kipling to warrant that
splenetic attack?
This heat wave is probably put
on to make the visiting bishops feel
at home.
Is there anything growing around
here that needs this high temper
ature? "Another day of this "continued
warm," according to the "rule of
three.". . '
Mr. Hall's bat Is in the ring at
last, not exactly "drug in by the
cat."
Mr. Pier is one uncommon offi
cial who finds one term enough. -
Steps to impeach Daugherty are
only sidesteps. '
It was a
setts, tooj
hot day So Massachu-
The Listening Post.
By DeWttt Harry.
THERE must be money in selling
automobiles via the two-bit-ticket
route. A casual estimate
shows that fully a score of thera
have been disposed of by this means
of late months. Raffles are forbid
den by law, but the promoters of
auto-gift games never sell chances,
they sell ehares. And then the
owners, or their representatives, can
get together and do -as they see fit
with the car.
The new development in working
the public .usually operated under
the protection of fraternal organiza
tions, has resulted in the training of
some highly productive crews.
There must be a nice, comfortable,
margin of profit. :
There is no guarantee of how
many chances or shares- are to be
sold and the appeal, similar to that
of any gambling game, is to get a
great deal of value for a very
small risk. The teams working the
passerby are usually girls, carefully
picked and decorated.
It's a new development in city
life, the big truck backed to' the
curb on the prominent car, the car
to be shared thereon, a musician or
two to draw the crowd, the banners
telling of the purpose of the. draw
ing and the swarm of- busy littl
bees, this last week garbed in
orange, gathering in? the honey.
REWARD will be paid on information of
party who ran over . dg in Ford car
on 17th and Sandy blvd-, Sept. 4, at
8:30 P. M. Phone East 181H.
After quoting the above ad, "Dear
Reader," from Rainier, asks:
"Is it pertinent to inquire as to
what the dog was doing in the Ford
car when he, or it, was run over, or
is it immaterial and Irrelevant
Also, did it hurt the Ford?"
We might suggest writing room
300, Oregonian building. The classy
fied girls there may explain they
can if they will.'
One of those fortunate and cheer
ful Individuals deficient in cash, bu
well endowed with ready wit, was
footing it down the sunny side of the
street -with a full-faced grin. "Go
ing down to get my sedan," he in
formed an acquaintance. "It's one
of those with 23 on the front, and
then I'm going to drive out to the
ball park."
Take heed, your unfortunate, who
cannot afford a car, and get the
same kick out of life this man does
Your neighbor who drives down
town every day has to walk far in a
broiling sun to and from the place
where he parks his machine, and he
can't get any more fresh air than
the fellow who rides a Strandborg
bus. . -
With the explicit disclaimer of be
ing ironic, one of our valuable as
sistants writes in of "a rare and
beautiful thing." It concerned the
father who brought his 17-year-old
daughter on a visit, a charming girl
with her hair in curls down her
back, modest and sweetly natural.
She was so utterly unlike other
girls of her age the writer knew
that he spoke about it to the father,
who "apologized for her modestry
-
ie was sans nose and one eye,
but seemed cheerful. Dressed rough
ly and grimed evidently as the re
sult of hard labor. . A sight seldom
seen In this, or any other American
city but one so usual in foreign
countries that had millions of men
in the great war for years. Of
course the chances were that this
man was not a battle casualty, but
he was noticeable here when he
would not have attracted any atten
tion in Canada, a country that has
thousands of cripples.
Leave Them Pants Alone.
When Eve brought woes to mankind
Old Adam called her woe-man;
But'now. with folly and with pride
Their husbands pockets trimmin'.
The ladies are so full of whims
The men folks call them whim-men.
Contributed
Talk about rushing the season,
what would you say to the man who
had already donned his winter
underwear. Yes, he exists, took a
chance on continued cool over a
week ago. Yesterday he changed
back, and the woman with the fur
neckpiece could not understand why
he did so.
The church convention has not
yet discussed, among its many prob
lems, the length of sermons. No
one should complain, vows one of
our readers, of the length of a ser
mon "if a good man preaches for
eternity."
w
HILLSBOr.O ROAD BAD EXAMPLE
Hope Expressed That Its Failure
Will Be Lesson In Future Work.
-PORTLAND, Sept. 12. (To the
Editor.) 1 read with considerable
interest The Oregonian's recent
article regarding the concrete high
way near Hillsborn. As Ishave trav
eled this highway quite often in the
past I have watched the develop
ment of this road, for my attention
was attracted by the early and ex
tensive repairs which hindered traf
fic soon after its completion. Now
it is in a deplorable condition, as
we who have traveled it know.
Every time I ride over this stretch
of road I feel as If I were on pins,
for the wrecked pavement is not
only hard on my tires but I feel, as
if my good money spent for the
original construction is veritably
being thrown away before my eyes.
There will also be as much or
more money spent for repairing un
less a permanent protection is given
it. In my own estimation and from
what I have seen in the past the
only solution seems to be to cover
It up with an asphaltic material.
called "hot stuff" by many, the same
as has been laid on most of our
present state highways.
Every one to whom we talk now
adays has the subject of tax reduc
tion on his mind. We cannot talk
tax' reduction by building such
roads as the one leading into Hills
boro. When we built this road three
years ago we were expecting it to
live the life of its bond issue, yet
It has not even passed the early
stages of its expected life when it
is in such a condition that it can
no longer do its duty.
As a citizen who is deeply con
cerned, I express my hopes that our
future road construction will not
end in an early failure as did the
Hillsboro road.
V. H. RICHARDSON,
1101 Mallory Ave.
Those Who Come and Go.
Tales ot Folks at the Hotels.
"When the road between Rose
burg and Coos Bay Is surfaced next
year, machines can come a scooting
into our place," predicts Dr. George
E. Dix of Marshfield, who was In
Portland yesterday. "Even at pres
ent the trip from the TJmpqua valley
to the bay can be made in four
hours, and this time will be greatly
reduced with the completion of the
highway. There are now several
contractors on the job and they are
hurrying the surfacing, but there is
so much to be done that the work
cannot be finished before next sea
son." Dr. Dix has been attending a
gathering of surgeons at Seattle. At
Coos Bay, because of the logging
camps and sawmills, there are many
industrial accidents and surgeons
are kept busy. Last year, despite
the efforts of foremen and super
intendents there were more acci
dents than In any previous season.
Two men sustained broken legs
while Just walking around. This
year, however, all Is running
smoothly, the jinx, which made its
.headquarters in the lumber industry
in the bay country Having levantea.
The doctor is of the opinion that the
accidents come in cycles.
Explorer, author, military man
and enthusiast over Pendleton,
Charles W. Furlong is at the Benson
from the round-up town. He has
written a book based on the annual
celebration at Pendleton and all
loyal Pendletocians have bought at
least one copy, which they keep on
the reading table, and have bought
another copy to send to friends. Mr.
FurlongTias browsed in many lands,
in jungles and desert wastes, and
has met all sorts of people, but after
looking them all over he has picked
on Pendleton as the place to live.
This year he is expecting a bunch
of writing fellows to come out and
help htm let 'er buck at Pendleton
and about next year there will prob
ably be more western stories on the
market, inspired by the round-up.
S. Hughes, connected with the
light at Cape Blanco, is an arrival
at the Hotel Oregon. The coast In
the vicinity of Cape Blanco is one
of the most dangerous on the Ore
gon coast line and has been the
scene of many wrecks and witnessed
the loss of many lives. It is said, In
seafaring circles, that there is a
current in the vicinity of Cape
Blanco which throws vessels off
their course and one theory ad
vanced is that a submarine river
bursts Into the sea somewhere
around there causing the treacher
ous current. Wh.en the Roosevelt
highway is completed it will run
within a short distance of the cape,
cutting across the landward end,
but the light, will not be visible from
the highway.
Pat and Mrs. Foley are registered
at the Multnomah from The Dalles
Pat Foley is one of the best-known,
hotelmen east of the Cascades. Un
til comparatively recent years It
was the delight of Mr. Foley to garb
himself in green. His sombrero was
green, so were his shirt and his tie
and his suit and his boots and he
used green ink in his fountain pen
and the table decorations at the ho
tels which he has managed carried
out the same general color scheme
and fresh greens were and are al
ways served. The emerald raiment,
however, has been stowed away for
more conventional hues, but Pat
Foley manages to get as much green
around the hotel and on the menu as
possible.
With many of the rooms occupied
by delegates to the Episcopal con
vention, the hotels are crowded and
along In the afternoon each day the
clerks wonder if anyone will check
out so that new arrivals can be
taken care of. For the past couple
of weeks people arriving on the
morning trains have had to wait
around until evening, until others
already in the hotels were ready to
depart. The congestion will prob
ably continue for another week.
A champion woman swimmer is
Mrs. E. B. Flint who. with her hus
band, arrived yesterday at the Im
perial from Los Angeles. As Dorothy
G. Burns, Mrs. Flint Is well known
in aquatic circles and her fame as a
swimmer is known from one end of
the Pacific coast to the other.
What Cheer is the name of the
Iowa town, from which register Mrs.
B. T. Lawrence and Mrs. E. Crowe,
t the Imperial. Old-time Orego-
nians will recall that In early days
one or tne hotels ot i-ortiana was
the What Cheer House, but the hotel
wasn't named after the Iowa place.
With the exception of George M
Brown, all the members of the Ore
gon supreme court were in Portland
yesterday. They arrived from Sa
lem to attend the luncheon given In
honor of Joseph Simon, one of the
oldest practicing lawyers in the
state.
Blaine Hallock, attorney and mem
ber of the state game commission. Is
registered at the Hotel Portland
from Baker. Mr. Hallock, being
from eastern Oregon, gives particu
lar attention to the game situation
in that end of the state.
Mrs. C. P. Bishop, who was almost
nominated as a repuoncan candidate
for representative in Marion county
during the primaries last May, is
registered at the Hotel Portland
from Salem.
C. C. Clark, former member of the
legislature, is registered at the Im
perial from Arlington, on the Co
lumbia river nignway.
Percy R. Kelly, circuit judge ol
the third Judicial district, is regis
tered at the Hotel Oregm from
Albany.
Roosevelt's Early Education.
CLOVERDALE, Or., Sept. 11. (To
the Editor.) Please tell me where
Theodore Roosevelt received his
early education.
Colonel Roosevelt says In ' his
autobiography that when he was
very young a sister of his mother
came to live with his parents and
that he received his earliest in
struction from her. On account of
his delicate health he attended
private schools for a few months
and from the age of 15 until he en
tered Harvard he was taught by a
private tutor. He was graduated
later from Harvard.
Cuckoos in America.
PORTLAND. Sept. 12. (To. the
Editor.) Please state whether
there is a bird in North America
known as the cuckoo, or cu-ku. I
have seen them In Europe near
Flume. GEORGE FRANKLIN.
There are several varieties of
American cuckoo, but they differ
somewhat in appearance and in
mating habits from the European
cuckoo. The two most widely dis
tributed are the yello -billed and
black-billed cuckoos. There is a
western variety of the yellowblll,
but the black-billed cuckoo Is not
seen west of the Rocky mountains.
Burroughs Nature Club.
Copyright. Honsrhton-MIMIln Co.
Can Vou Answer These Questions?
1. A robin built a nest near my
house, and after laying three eggs
and setting for many days, disap
peared. There was no trace of egg
shells and no boya in the neighbor
hood knew of the nest. Whole stole
the eggs?
2. Will you kindly tell if the Peep
ers heard in spring are young frogs,
or a separate species?
3. What are the little dark, bladder-like
things with horny points at
each corner that you find on the sea
shore? They are oblong shape and
-bloated in the middle.
Answers In tomorrow's nature
notes.
Answers to Previous Questions.
1. Is it true cuckoos pick out a
nest in which to lay their eggs
where the natural egg will be the
same color as the cuckoos' eggs?
No; though there has been a lot
of writing on this subject. Our
American cuckoo makes its own
nest usually, a flimsy affair, but not
stolen. The cuckoo of the old world
has been said to choose a nest where
th eggs were a bluish cast similar
to its own; but this Is probably
mefe chance, or at most, not the
reason for choosing any given
species of bird nest for an asylum.
2. Do bats live In chimneys? They
bother us falling down our chim
neys. How can I get rid of them?
Bats are nocturnal, and during the
day hide (n dark crevices like hol
low trees, chinks between rocks, be
hind shutters and often In disused
buildings, if they can enter. Screen
your chimneys with wire net at the
outside opening. Better swing some
thing down the chimney to scare
out the bats first. Do not kill them
they are among our best cheeks
on flies and mosquitoes.
a. Do trees grow from the Inside
out or outside In? m
Both ways, according to their
species. The common trees of North
America keep taking on each year
a new outside layer Just under the
bark, gradually burying deeper and
deeper the heart wood, which Is
really dead. Such growth Is called
exogenous, and these trees branch
treely. But palm trees, and similar
kinds, merely add new fibers mixed
all through the bulk of their stems,
and are called endogenous, or In
side growers.- They do not branch.
Illustration of this style growth is
seen in a common corn stalk.
SELL-W OOD AND BRIDGE ISSVE
Span at That Point Necessary Re
gardless of New Bridges Elsewhere.
PORTLAND, Sept. 12. (To the
Editor.) There Is no Inclination on
the part of Sellwood citizens to op
pose the Beacon street bridge. On
the other hand, Sellwood will work
for it, as she has always worked
hard for everything that will help
In the development of Portland.
But it matters not how many oth
er bridges are built, there must be
a bridge at Sellwood. Sellwood hss
been agitating for more than ten
years for a bridge to replace the
antiquated ferry at Spokane avenue,
and she will continue to agitate tili
she gets it, for it is a practical and
economic necessity.
The building of a bridge at Bea
con street will not do away with the
necessity of some means of trans
portation across the river at Sell
wood. It is exactly two miles and
a half from Beacon street to Spo
kane avenue. During the years of
the ferry's existence there has
grown up a neighborliness and busi
ness Intercourse between Sellwood
and the west side.
A prominent advocate of the Bea
con street proposition has made the
statement that the erection of a'
bridge at that point would do away
with the need of the ferry at Sell
wood, and that the cost of main
taining the ferry could be applied
on the new bridge. Surely no man
familiar with the facts could make
such an assertion. There are nu
merous cases of men working in
Sellwood and living on the west
side, or working on the west side
and living in Sellwood. who depend
upon the ferry for crossing the riv
er. Business and manufacturing In
terests in Sellwood who do busi
ness on the west side to the south
of the present ferry must have some
means of crossing at this point. The
East Side mill and Oregon Door
company have a large amount of
business on the west side as far
south as Newberg. It would entail
a .great expense to these two com
panies alone to have their trucks
travel that additional five miles on
every trip in order to cross the riv
er. The same thing would be true
of transfer companies and all other
business Interests as well as auto
mobllists desiring to go south of
Sellwood by the west side highway.
From an economic standpoint the
erection of a bridge at Selwood to
replace the ferry should meet with
the approval of every business man
of Portland. In the maintenance of
the ferry the taxpayers are not get
ting the service they are paying for.
At a cost of 5,000 a year the ferry
is giving only 14 hours of service,
and for the name average outlay a
modern steel and concrete bridge
could be erected which would give
24 hours of service. In other words
the taxpayers may vote for a bridge
at Sellwood with the assurance that
It will not mean any additional tax
atlori. It will call for a bond Issue
of $450,000, but the money which Is
now being spent by the county in
the maintenance of the ferry will
take care of these bonds, interest.
principal and all.
These are the reasons why Sell
wood has requested the board of
commissioners to place the erection
of a bridge at Sellwood on the No-
vember ballot.
KENNETH BROWN.
Right to Limit Traffic.
YAMHILL, Or.. Sept, 11. (To the
Editor.) Please tell me If a man is
not entitled to use his licensed
truck on any road In the state re
gardless of weather conditions. I
was under the impression that as
long as the truck would move you
could use same unless or course
the road Is closed to all trafric.
I took a wood-hauling contract
about two miles off a rocked road
and now have orders from county
commissioners to keep off road un
til three days atter the rain. This
seems unfair, If I could use same
before. Is there any Oregon law
concerning same?
WADE BUCHANON.
The county commissioners have
legal authority to protect highways
from damage by limiting or pro
hibiting any kind of traffic or all
traffic.
Wlfe'a Separate Property.
RAYMOND, Wash.. Sept. 11. (To
the Editor.) If a man dies leaving
his wife and children with prop
erty in his wife's name, could she
lawfully sell the property or must
she wait until the youngest child
is of age A SUBSCRIBER
If the property Is In her name it
Is hers, and she can dispose ot it at
any time eh pleases.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By Janrs J. Montagus.
IV f.I ATAMM.A.
In lovely Gu&tnmaia,
The people loll at ease
Six days a week and Klumher seek
Beneath the trr.plc ln-M,
Across the dancing wali-r
The gentle sea hreexe Mows
Where they libido' beside the tide
In stalusque repose.
But every Tuesday morning
At promptly half-past ten
The streets resound. for blocks
around
With shouts of ravage men.
O'e'rhcad the shrapnel hisses
And sputtering bombshells soar.
And all about is rinsing out
The horrid noise of war.
And till eleven-thirty
The war-swept land Is rife
With hate and rage, as men engage
In Internecine strife.
And then, while pit 111 the buildings
With smouldering flame are lit.
The fight l won, the war Is done
A president has quit!
In lovely Guatemala
When Wednesday morning dawns.
They sweep the street up clean and
neat
And tidy I1 the lawns.
Again on slumbering natives
The tropic sunbeams blaze.
Who take their ease beneath the
trees
For six long, peaceful days.
Crsfcy.
Apparently European nations art
postponing the next peine confer
ence till they have time to get bet
ter prepared for war.
Troul.l Makers.
Germany would inspire more con
fidence In her democracy If she
would ask for waivers on Ilinden
burg and Ludendorf.
Open to Illxroaalon.
It is a question If publicity dn
mo uiovio nusiness mum good when'
it is written on the records of the
criminal courts.
(Oopyrlsht. HIL'S. by Pel! Svndlrate. Trie I
The Old Gate.
By f.rnee K. Hull.
The farm-yard gate la dangling
there
Beside the wandering road.
And a path leads up to the broken
steps
Of the weather-talned abode.
Oh, a million knuckles, large sod
small.
Have tapped at the paneled door.
But the restless feet passed
through the gate.
And they enter there no more.
When the maples purr in the nomad
breeze
And the yellow moon rides high.
Then to the gate by the giant trees
Oft a phantom host draws nigh.
It lingers there with Its tired eyef
On the pathway smooth ami old.
But a stranger's hand is upon the
latch.
And his face Is calm and cold.
They come from the city's clash and
noise.
Where their wayward feet have
strayed "
A ghost-like phalanx of girls and
boys.
To the home where once they
played.
But ever I aee them turn sway
And merge with the shadows dim.
For a stranger's hand is upon the
State.
And they do not entor in.
In Other Day.
Twenty-five Tears Ao.
From The Orrconlan, September IS. 187.
Berlin. Dispatches from Guate
mala say that a revolution h.tt
broken out against President Har
rlos In the western part of the re
public. Memphis. The board or health of
this city today Isaiied a bulletin en
forcing a strict quarantine against
New Orleans, Ocean SprlngB, Mobile
and other tow ns on the gulf coast.,
The public schools open today to
tho gre,at delight of the children.
The Improvement on Tamhlll
street Is proceeding apace. Th
block between Third and Fourth Is
nearly completed.
Fifty Tears Ago,
From The Oregonian. September 18. 174
Berlin. Emperor William has
made the emperor or Austria an
honorary colonel In the Schleawlg-
Holstein regiment or Hussars, and
the sons or the prince Imperial of
Germany have received colonelcies
In the Russian army.
Cincinnati. The exposltsbn was
visited by 20,000 persons today.
An uptown butcher experienced
considerable trouble in driving a
band or sheep which would take
contrary notions and dart hither
and thither to the disgust of those
driving them.
NEAR EAST FACES TnAC.EDY
Itefuseea In Advance of Turkish
Army in Pitiful Circumstances.
PORTLAND, Sept. 12. (To ths
Editor.) The Oregonian hss placed
its readers under deep obligation by
the editorial "The Rout of the
Greeks."
With the attention of the people
of the nation centered op elections,
strikes and other affairs of vital
interest to us all, it is hard for us
to realize the tremendous tragedv
being enacted in the near east, the
battleground of the ages.
An Associated Press dispatr-h In
The Oregonian recently told of the
frenzied flight of Christian women
and children before the victorious
Turkish army. About two Inrhes
of space were required for the story,
but only the most vivid Imagina
tion can picture the suffering of
such a Journey of terror.
One hundred and fifty thousand
refugees have recently pnurod into
one near east city, Smyrna. With
conditions unbearable before, due to
war and Its attendant sorrows, what
must be the condition or sui'h a city
with this Influx of the destitute and
panic stricken?
The presence of allltd warships
will trannullize the people and,
doubtless, deter the Turks from fur
ther immediate massacre. This,
however, will not feed and clothe
the ttarvlng and naked who have
abandoned all their possessions In
the hope that they might have life.
In many parts of this devastated
country are relief stations and or
phanages, pitifully Inadequate it la
true to meet the need, but manned
by heroic Americans doing their best
to meet an Impossible situation. Tlis
appeals reaching the near east re
lief on account of this crisis ara
heartbreaking. Through Its com
munity chest and Sunday schools.
Portland is endeavoring to meet the
demands made upon Its sympathies
by this moat tragic situation.
J. J. HANDSAKF.R.
State Director, Near East Relief.
4