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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1922
ESTABLISHED BT HEET I- PITTOCK
Published by The Oreg-onlan Pub. Co..
135 Sixth Street. Portland. Oregon.
C. A. 1IOKDB.V. B. B. PIPBR.
The Oregonian is a member of the As
sociated Press. The Associated Press 19
exclusively entitled to the use for publi
cation of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this paper
and also the local news published herein.
All rights of publication of special dis
patches herein are also reserved.
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who evidently do not understand
how execution of our good purpose
nas been thwarted by our foreign
policy's having become entangled
with our domestic party politics.
OUTLOOK FOR MR. POIJTDEXTER.
The Oregonian has sought to
maintain an attitude bf eminent
impartiality in the primary contest
in Washington, to be held today,
involving the political fortunes of
Senator Poindexter and sundry
other gentlemen, and ' a " lady as
well, who would like . to dispossess
him of his congressional seat. But
conspicuous impartiality does1 not
imply disinterestedness;s we are
frankly interested. We have been
interested from the beginning of
the campaign in discovering the
reasons why the senator should be
We have found out in
desirable from an earning stand
point. The shipping board former
ly scorned these staples as cargo
for passenger liners, but is now so
eager to get them" that it even
ships large lots from Portland to
Seattle and reduo.es rates in order
to fill its holds with them. .The
great bulk of such cargo originat
ing in Portland establishes the
claim of this "port to ships that
would also carry the general cargo
for which' these staples form the
base and which is naturally traffic
belonging to this port. In order
that a line may win back the gen-I
eral cargo that has been diverted,
its primary interest should be de
velopment of Portland commerce.
That commerce can never be fully
developed by a line that is mainly
interested in developing the com
merce of a rival port and that
operates from Portland in order to
The Listening Post.
By DeWltt Harry.
designed. There was not an under
ground conductor nor a dynamo of ;
large capacity. Moreover, there
were no mechanics trained in the
art , of making them. Literally j
every step in the undertaking in- I
voivea a tas ror a pioneer. cuu , HEEE,S a corr6Spond,ent signing
to teach engineering in its especial j I rr.,i nu.
application to electric lighting had - " , 7
to bo established before it was pos- Patcher, who writes entertainingly
sible to extend the benefits of the 'about "wildcat- railroad days. In
new system on an adequate scale. ; these days of standard rules it s
t hotu-oen. fnrlv VPa rs difficult to think that dispatching
nnri thp r.rKnr isj hut inade- . was, at one time, such a .hit-or-miss
Those Who Come and Go.
Tale of Polka at the Hotels.
part; but our related effort to find , . .
rti4-- vrrrtir ,r Im'h nmnnnnno I -"0"fcw W .
vui, vv 11 j an j til xi 10 vpyuiicuui
WHS" AMERICA NEGLECTS EUROPE.
Americans' first impulse on read
ing Rudyard Kipling's condemna
tion of our delay In going into the
war, our premature ending of It
and our withdrawal from the set
tlement will be to express hot re
sentment. As we review the his
tory of the last eight years can
didly, excluding partiality for coun
try, party or men, we shall be
forced to admit that there is much
. truth in what he says of our being
t,oo late in beginning to fight and
too precipitate in stopping. But
we deny that these admissions con
tititute ground of censure, espe
cially from the nation which re
fused to adopt conscription wren
the threat to its life was direct and
close at hand, and we maintain
that, when we did take, part, we
were impelled less by selfishness
and more by determination to pre
serve imperilled democracy and
civilization than were the allies, not
excepting Great Britain. ' Each of
them went in as it realized that its
vital national interests , were at
stake, and the cry that: democracy
and civilization were in danger was
raised in order to stir the deeps of
sentiment in each nation senti
ment that was common to all and
that would hold them together by
convincing them that they fought
in a common cause.
No American national interest
was involved until our rights on
the sea were attacked by Germany
In inhuman violation of the laws
of war. For that reason our neu
trality, judged by the same stand
ard as governed the conduct of the
allies, was justified until the Lusi
tania was sunk. Our failure from
the outbreak of the war to realize
that the central, powers aimed to
extinguish the very principles of
government of which we were the
chief and , most successful propo
nents was due to our traditional
policy of non-intervention in Euro
pean affairs and to our having a
president who deliberately strove
to discourage us from forming and
acting on opinions as to the merits
of the quarrel. So when the sink
ing of the Lusltania gave us just
cause to intervene, we were men
tally unprepared. President Wilson
was permitted to fight with notes
instead of guns because many of
our people still shrank from taking
a hand in a European war, though
many more, probably a majority,
demanded that we should 'strike
back at that time.
When Mr. Wilson suddenly
changed front in his thrilling war
speech on April 2, 1917, the Amer
ican people quickly demonstrated
to which side their hearts and con
sciences turned. , They wanted to
forget party and to fight as a united
nation, looking to the president to
call all the best brains and pa
triotism of the nation to his aid
in his closest counsels. But he In
sisted on making conduct of the
war and shaping of policy the busi
ness of himself and his party, ad
mitting his political opponents only
to subordinate parts. When the
Germans were beaten to their
knees and when a few months'
fighting would have opened the
road to Berlin, he accepted as gen
uine and final their sudden conver
sion to democracy and committed
the allies to an armistice before any
allied or American soldiers had 6et
iooc on txerman son. ai uie same
time he asked the people to elect
a democratic congress as a man
date to his party to end the war
and negotiate peace. Though they
refused, . he proceeded as if the
mandate had been granted. He
attempted to make this nation a
member of a league of nations
which he, as leader of one party,
had formed and to force its accept
ance by the opposing party, which
he had denied any voice in its
making. The natural reaction was
criticism of his work, then attempts
at amendment, then formation of
an irreconcilable faction which,
joined with his own irreconcilab'le
supporters, defeated the treaty.
The American people are still
willing, as they were in 1919 with-'
out regard to party, to join a
league or association of nations.
President Harding is pledged to
such an association, and to co
operation in economic reconstruc
tion of Europe. The people are
waiting for him to give them a
lead, and his course with regard
to the Washington conference jus
tifies confidence that he would
make fulfilment of their good pur
pose the work of a united nation,
not of his own party alone. Mr.
Harding appears to be waiting in
hope that the nations of Europe
will agree on a plan of reconstruc
tion in which they will invite the
aid of this country, also until our
industrial disturbances have so far
suosided that the public mind can
again be turned to foreign affairs.
When he gives the lead the people
will prove, we are confident, that
they are not greedy and that their
selfishness is of that enlightened
kind that is gratified by benefits
enjoyed in common by others as
well as by those who entertain it.
They will, support him in following
aid to Europe's reconstruction with
permanent association in maintain
ing peace, in restraining aggression
and in drastic reduction of arma
ment. Then our renewed proof of
devotion to the common welfare of
nations will relieve us of re-
should be elected is as yet a total
Mr. Hearst wants to defeat Mr.
Poindexter, and has given several
reasons through his Seattle news
paper. In other circumstances some
of them might be 'potent; but they
are wholly overshadowed in the
general mind by. the more obvious
fact that the real reason for the
Hearst activity has not been con
fessed. It is that Mr. Hearst Is
making a campaign througH his
newspaper to control the Eplitics
of Washington; and Senator Poin
dexter is in his way.
Small doubt exists as to the re
sult. Mr. Poindexter will la all
probability win by a large plurality
by a majority, perhaps, over all.
The democratic candidate will be
Mr. Dill, once a member of con
gress, and the farmer-labor candi
date will be Mr. Duncan, whose
radical ideas should make a special
appeal to the crimsoned Hearst
imagination. There will still be a
chance for him to defeat Mr. Poin
dexter in the generaL election by
supporting Mr.. Duncan or Mr. Dill.
If Mr. Hearst wants to elect Mr.
Duncan, he can aid that more or
less worthy cause materially by
supporting Mr. Dill.'
The despair felt by a young girl
when she realized that by "bob
bing" her hair she had destroyed
her beauty might be dismissed as
but a pitiful though isolated in
stance of lack of sense pf propor
tlon if it were not suspected that
there is something seriously twisted
about the vision of a good many
others nowadays. How deeply the
young woman in question must
have been affected by the tragic
revelations of her mirror is evi
dent from the circumstance that
she thereupon took, her own life.
Her tresses gone, her beauty (as
she mistakenly imagined) impaired
life for her was but the ashes of
Not by any sane standard can it
be maintained for even a brief mo
ment that the sacrifice was worth
while. Yet those who would lightly
dismiss the incident as a neuras
thenic and untypical manifestation
will profit by being reminded that
it is not alone the youngsters who
bob their tresses, who hide their
ears, who totter along the streets
in pitifully unserviceable shoes and
who struggle tragically to keep up
with the "modes," who have a dis
proportionate sense of the impor
tance of minor things. Those, too,
who proclaim that the world is
going to the devil because women's
skirts no longer sweep the ground
and because a taste for the minuet
has been supplanted by a passing
love of jazz, contribute to the over
emphasis and exaggeration which,
more than any single phenomenon.
are characteristic of the time.
Norma Teffner did not know
that the fashion of a coiffure
weighs nothing in the scalepan
opposite any one of a thousand
graces of mind and soul. But for
that matter the fanatical extrem
ists who insist that trivial exhibi
tions of lightheadedness are evi
dences of total depravity are as
myopic and as strabismic as she
was, and with less excuse. Both
groups are afflicted with a malady
that only a serious study of the
comparative philosophy of history
FIGURES THAT ARE ELOQUENT.
Though statistics are considered
dry, they are often eloquent. Such
are those of Portland shipping
business during the seven months
ending July, 1922, as compared
with the corresponding perio'd of
1921, which have been prepared by
the traffic department of the port
and dock commissions. In the ag
gregate they show that this port
not only holds its own in general
volume of exports -to foreign coun
tries but has much increased its
lumber exports, its intercoastal
shipments and its imports. Though
flour and wheat exports are small
er, this port holds its larger share
in handling a decreased total for
the Pacific northwest.
Prosperity of the lumber busi
ness is shown by an increase of
shipments to foreign ports from
over 75,000,000 to over 166,000,000
feet, and to domestic ports from
17,000,000 to almost 60,000,000 feet.
Wheat shipments foreign .show a
decrease from 16,670,797 to 12,
822,95 bushels, domestic from
74,084 to 31,343 bushels. Flour
shipments foreign decreased from
613,006 to 518,412 barrels, domes
tic increased from 240,171 to 319,
940 bushels. Total number of ves
sels entered from foreign ports in
creased from 8 3 to 122, from do
mestic ports from 365 to 510, and
total tonnage employed , in both
trades increased from about 1,200,
000 to more than 1,750,000.
Most encouraging, as indicating
a tendency toward full cargoes
both ways, is the increase in value
of imports for the six months end
ing June from $1,789,6S1 in 1921
to $3,820,698 in 1922.
The great inroads that ships
make on the transcontinental traf
fic of railroads may be judged
from the increase of traffic from
Portland to Atlantic ports from
60,543,563 to 98,470,094 pounds in
the first seven months, from Atlan
tic ports to Portland from 40,275,
301 to' 123,720,815 pounds; from
Portland to gulf ports from 50,100
pounds to 2,978,188 pounds,' though
shipment from gulf ports to Port
land decreased from 38,760,167 to
The steady and growing move
ment of staple commodities like
lumber, wheat and flour through
Portland proves that this port has
the base cargo for fast regular
liners which would attract general '
GOING TO CHURCH.
' Concerned as they are with broad
principles of fraternity and sound
morality, the Oregon Elks are con
sistent in indorsing the movement
for a "go-to-church day," which
has as its purpose the. extension of
a practice fundamentally desirable
from the viewpoint of community
interest. . The statement of the
resolution that "there Is no force
in the world today as potent as the
various churches in the United
States" for furthering all endeavors
that make for the better citizenship
of the state and nation does not err
on the side of overemphasis. It is
quite capable of proof, and it is
conceded by all but a negligible
few of the hopelessly pessimistic
that the great need of the people is
more religion in their daily lives
Undoubtedly the hope accompanies
the plea for church attendance on
at least one day of the year that
this will grow into the habit of at
tendance on other days also. Such
indeed is the genius of the .various
'days" and "weeks" that we are
called on from time to time to
The familiar question, "What is
the matter with the church?" sug
gests the answer that those who
most- frequently and least often in
good faith are wont to ask, it are
prone to cavil "on the strength of
inadequate information, or of mis
information, or both. The distrac
tions of modern life have imposed
upon religion a good many com
petitive Interests not of its own
choosing and have fostered a ten
dency to neglect spiritual duties
and obligations not calculated to
promote the welfare either of the
individual or of neighborhoods as
a whole. It is profoundly to be
desired that a large measure of the
spirit of reverence, of appreciation
of the things of the soul as well as
of the flesh, may be revived as an
offset to the too materialistic mani
festations of the times.
It is deeply significant that the
charge that Christianity has failed
to fulfill expectations emanates
from those who are least inclined,
it would seem, to give Christianity
a trial. Staying away from church
is plainly not the-way to co-operate
in making the church all that it
ought to be and all that its.sin
cerest supporters wish that it were.
It so often happens that those who
have gone to scoff have remained
to pray that more general church
attendance would seem to be well
worth while, as an experiment if
nothing more. We have never
heard of a case of a man who was
hurt by it and there are instances
innumerable that testify to the
power of active participation in re
ligious matters as a regenerator of
character and a boon to everyone
quately depicted by figures, but
they must necessarily serve for
those who are without imaginations
or who are so very young that they
cannot remember,, those good old
days." The first' lighting station
had fifty-two customers, which
number had increased to 445 by
the end of the first year. After
forty years there are 5654 operat
ing companies, serving approxi
mately 14,500 communities. The
number of customers is now estl
mated at 10,375,200, of whom
8,467,600 take residential electric
light service. Expressed technic
ally, the output of the first station
to its original customers was 1284
fifty-watt equivalents, or 64.2 kilo
watt hours. The output of electric
al energy in 1921 was 43,100,000,-
000 kilowatt hours.
The original distriet served by
the first station was about 2000
feet square and the feat of trans
mitting current over a distance of
thirteen miles was regarded as
highly satisfactory. Now 220,000
volts are transmitted 250 miles and
Dr. Steinmetz has experimentally
transmitted a million volts for a
short distance. The financial sta
tistics of the Industry are not less
striking. The original capital In
vestment, which was nominal, com
pares with more than $4,500,00'0.
000 atfpresent, with securities held
by more than 1,600,000 investors
Social transformation has attended
the growth of the business, which
now employs 150,000 workers.
People who like to speculate on
what might have been will find an
inexhaustible, theme in what mighl
otherwise be produced by the labor
now required by this and cognate
enterprises, and on whether society
has profited by the change.
proposition. OB quotes typical or
ders of. the old regime, from recol
lection. One of them is:
When George H. Himes, curator
of the Oregon Historical society,
was running a newspaper here
years ago, I. B. Bowen learned the
printing trade. Mr." Bowen, who is
registered at the Hotel Oregon,
launched the Bedrock Democrat at
Baker in 1870 and in 1887 started
the Daily Democrat, with George B.
Small, who sold out a couple of
years ago, but Mr. Bowen still
sticks to the ship. When three
"Take .empty dumps and run wild years old, Mr. Bowen crossed the
this A M. Lowell to Cambridge." plains with his parents, so that will
In these davs of dense traffic and give some idea of his age. Thus.
double tracks It would be difficult
SCHEME TO RUSH SUBSIDY BILL.
According to a bulletin of the
National Merchant Marine associa
tion, the ship subsidy bill "will be
taken up in the house shortly after
election and acted upon promptly,"
will be in the hands of the senate
before the end of November and
will be finally passed about the
beginning of next year. An un
derstanding has been reached be
tween President Harding and Rep
resentative Mondell, the latter giv
ing assurances of a majority in the
house for the bill. It is proposed
tha the senate debate the bill in
December while waiting for ap
propriation bills to come from the
This plan to rush the bill through
with minimum debate would give
small opportunity for amendment
of the administrative provisions,
which is absolutely necessary to
prevent the shipping board from
being vested with arbitrary power,
1 and to insure that all ports and
their shipping companies have
equal opportunity to develdp their
business. The board is to admin
ister a large fund, to be taken from
the treasury for aid ; to the mer
chant marine, and is to sell the
emergency fleet. If the bill should
be passed as reported to the house,
the board would have practically
unlimited power to sell ships to
whom it pleased provided they
were Americans, to grant or re
fuse subsidy, to increase or de
crease the rate of subsidy from
that named in the bill, to annul
contracts with ship-owners on the
ground that they had violated the
terms of . subsidy, all without prior
hearing of the claims of interested
communities and without appeal
from its decisions. Such power has
never been, given to any govern
ment body, except in war, and it is
open to great abuse. The same
power has been exercised and
abused by the board in the past.
That fact warrants efforts to pre
vent continuance of this unabridged
If those ports and interior com
munities which have not enjoyed
the favor of the board and of the
big shipping companies desire to
share in the benefits of govern
ment aid by developing their com
merce and by exporting their prod
ucts by the-shortest route through
the nearest port, they should com
bine their forces for amendment of
the bill to protect' their rights and
interests. About two months re
main before the bill will be taken
up in the house, and its rules give
small opportunity for amendment
in the face of opposition by the
committee in charge. The first
real opportunity to correct the
bill's deformities will come in the
senate, and the communities inter
ested should center their efforts on
to imagine a train running "wild."
They all have their closely calcu
lated schedules and! hold to them; a
few minutes might mean disaster.
The dispatcher has a tremendous
responsibility and his work is gov
erned by a set of "standard rules"
the same on every road and by
precedent firmly .established. The
men who mustt accept the responsi
bility for moving trains lavish
much time on close study of their
OB tells how he went on his first
job and how they had a regular sys
tern of orders.' The first one is
sued when a conductor reported! on
the division was elmply "wildcat to
Blmlra."- No matter If 20 trains re
ported they eaoh received the same
order, and then it was up to them, a
happy gamble that somehow man- roost along the right of way of the
as an infant, Mr. Bowen traversed
the old Oregon trail and now the
Old Oregon trail, as a fine, broad
highway, runs through, his town of
Baker. And it was east of Baker,
along Burnt river, that the emi
grants had some of the toughest
going in their entire Journey.
Portlanders who Imagine that this
town has all the fine stores should
drop into Redmond and see the
establishment conducted by M. A
Lynch. The style shows which are
staged there are as nifty and up
to date as those which are held in
Portland and people come" for miles
around to watch the models parade.
Mr. Lynch, who is a member of the
state game commission, is in the
city attending the regular meeting
of that body. The commission says
that there will be more China
pheasants this year than ever be
fore. The pheasants are so thick
in the Willamette valley that they
Burroughs Nature Club.
Copyright. Honh ton-Miff I i Co
electric lines and steam roads and
show an utter contempt for the
He is said to hold the- record for
automobile traveling between De
troit and Los Angeles. He is E. E.
McLaughlin of Chicago, and he ar
rived by car with H. E. Langlois of
Los Angeles from California yes
terday. They are registered at the
Hotel Portland. Mr. McLaughlin
made the run from Detroit to Los
Aigeles in 92 hours. He says he
would like to establish a new record
between Los Angeles and San Diego
but he Is afraid of the speed pops.
"Down there," explained Mr. Mc
Laughlin, "it is not a matter of a
fine but a jail sentence. A friend
of mine was caught while going 72
miles an hour and he had to serve
72 days in prison." While Mr.
McLaughlin made good time from
Los Angeles to Portland, he did not
establish a record nor make the
attempt. . ' -
FORTY YEARS OF ELECTRICITY.
Except for the statistics of the
business that the occasion was sure
to elicit, the outstanding fact of
which - we are reminded by the
observance of the fortieth anniver
sary of the incandescent electric
lamp is that most of the men, in
cluding those possessing consider
able scientific knowledge for their
time, to whom Thomas A. Edison
submitted his scheme for lighting
houses from a central station ex
pressed doubt of its feasibility.
This more than anything else gives
us a picture of the time; 1882 was
almost in the period of scientific
ancient history, as Qne would now
The transformation through
which the world has since passed
has been a change of mental atti
tude no less than of added com
forts and conveniences. But it is
known that in September of that
year only four decades ago, power
was turned on for the first time
at a small station in New York
city. It served a few customers
along an underground line thirteen
miles long, its success confounded
the croakers, justified the optimism
of the wizard and marked the be
ginning of the era that finds elec
tric lights commoner than kerosene
lamps and candles were in our
It was not, however, as some of
the younger generation may hastily
assume, the sudden triumph of a
lucky conception. There had. been
plenty of preliminary toil and al
most innumerable difficulties. Edi,'
son got the idea In If IS, his first
plan being not only ' perfect the
lamp on which he v, ien work
ing, but also to desig. . distribut
ing system and to complete devices
which would permit lamps to give
an equal supply of light regardless
of their distance from the central
station and a meter for measuring
current. " So, too, it was regarded
as necessary to invent certain safety
devices, made all the more neces
sary by the hazy notions which
prevailed as to the behavior of
electricity in general. All of this
preparation has been alluded to by
an anniversary orator as a ."grop
ing in the dark," which seems to us
to be as far as possible from the
actuality. The inner history of Mr.
Edison's work reveals him as a
systematic, purposeful worker, who
left almost nothing to chance. The
idea of the incandescent lamp itself
was not much more than a small
beginning, and it is likely that we
should still be using petroleum and
tallow instead of electricity in
lighting if the myriad of other de
tails had not been painstakingly
and laboriously worked out.
Edison's former secretary, Sam
uel Insull, reminds us that at the
time when the pioneer lighting sta
tion was being installed there was
not a manufacturing establishment
in the world producing electrical
machinery. Apparatus needed in
the business had not even been School "took up" too soon. Think
invented, to say nothing of being of all these fine days for vacation!
The outrage on the O'Hare fam
ily near Olympia, following several
attacks on women in Portland,
proves that insane perverts are at
la.rge who should be confined in an
asylum for life. There should be
no release for such maniacs, for
the appearance of return to nor
malcy is either due to lack of op
portunity to offend or to a criminal
maniac's cunning. Safety of wom
en from such assault should count
for more than a pervert's liberty or
the cost of his support by the state.
Apologies to visitors for the
heated term, ft may be the usual
thing for September, but natives
forget about It year after year.
Tears ago one's most supreme
contempt was expressed by calling
a performance "a leg show." How
times have changed k
aged to unravel Itself daily.
It was simplicity, "for the "book
of rules" had not been written then;
like much common law, it existed
merely in the minds of men. Some
of these old orders . are worth any
amount in money as souvenirs of a
time when American railroads were
making history, when' they were
working out, by the simplest meth
od possible, the future of safe rail
roading over tracks Jammed with
Golf .links are essential things
these days,. "Victor Johnson avers.
When a municipal course will act
as a magnet and hold a couple of
world tourists nearly two months
over their schedule It must be
worth while. Johnson likes to roam
over the Eastmoreland links and
see who is playing. .Kecently ne
was checking over the day's sched
ules and saw a familiar name W.
H. Frank. Frank was playing. He
registered from New Zealand, and
Johnson went out to meet him. He
was easily spotted, typically Brit
ish and all that.
Then came a story rather unusual.
Mr. Frank and his wife were on
world tour, had no hard and fast
route or time to travel, but they
liked! golf. They landed in Cali
fornia and came on to Portland ex
pecting to stay two days. However,
they were induced to go out to
Eastmoreland and then decided to
lengthen their stay six weeks. They
naar not round a better place to play can vouch for me. Drive on,
golf on the face of the globe and ordered the cop, "but be careful.
thev wanteri to itiaVa the. moat- nf
it. Frank, before h'e. left wnrA Best-Known resident 01 warn
V. i. T-. , . ,,.,... I i'Vl L. CllO ULUC VllldBO UCOLJIIIK U"
'"""'weanQ naa it an over ,-, ha iH n, T.inton We i
Del Monte or any of the California versatile chap and besides taking
show courses. an interest in local politics, he owns
a drug store. The main delight and
LIFE'S RECOMPENSE. hobby of the doctor, however, is the
To sing- a simple unassuming sons- writing of fiction. Dr. Linton'
ror common folks, in our own home
Several candidates for the legis
lature were held up by a speed cop
in Albany Sunday morning about
1:30 o'clock, while coming to Port
land from Eugene. K. K. Kubll was
driving the car and was hitting 'er
up at oh, about 25 or 30 miles an
hour. With him were Fred Meindl,
Cyrfl Brownell and M. J. Lee. Mr.
Kubli admitted that he might be
going a little fast, but there was
no traffic in sight and he was not
only using judgment but had his
car under control. The officer was
a bit dubious. Mr. Kubli had an
inspiration. "If you doubt me," said
he, "Governor Olcott is in a car
behind us, riding with Adjutant
General White, and the governor
Can Yon Aimer Theme Questional
1. Is it true cuckoos pick out a
nest in wh'ch to lay their eggs,
where the natural eggs will be the
same color as the cuckoo's eggs? '
2. Do bats live In chimneys? They
bother us falling down our chim
neys. How can I get rid of them 7
3. Do trees grow from the inside
out, or outside in?
Answers in tomorrow's nature
Anawera to Previous Questions.
1. Is there any reason to believe
the birds will migrate early this
year? I ask because I have recently
seen (August, in Connecticut) a Bal
timore oriole and two black and
Seeing a black-and-white warbler
is not a sign that general migra
tion will be early, as these birds are
slow migrants anyway, and custom
arily start early. We do not see
how It is possible to predict early
migration if it begins early, the
fact can be observed when it occurs.
W. W. Cooke, a United States gov
ernment ornithologist, states tn his
work on migration that weather
heat and cold does not in itself
cause migration , but that ts effect
on food supply does. The heat and
unusual drought of this past sum
mer may have made food scantier,
and possible dwindling food supply
might start the birds along toward
2. Can I get any account of the
Arctic sea cow?
An authentic write-up of this
mammal (now extinct) was made
about the middle of the 18th century
by George William Steller. who was
shipwrecked on Bering island, 1741,
with the Russian navigator, Capt.
Vitus Bering. We don't know where
you would find any copy of this,
unless in the library of a standard
natural history Institution, or one of
the biggest of city public libraries.
This "cow" was not unlike the man
atee or dugout of southern waters,
weighed 80-00 pounds, and was 20-30
feet long. Steller and his com
panions ate its flesh.
3. What do garter snakes eat?
As adults, largely frogs and toads,
commonly swallowed, head first.
Also eat many earthworms, and as
youngsters feed chiefly on these.
They never take warm-blooded prey.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By Jame J. Moataana.
THE SO.I AXDEHKR,
(A Boston economist has figured
out that a working girl getting $3
a week ought to save at least bo
cents of it.)
The working girl can well af.'ord
y Three dollars for her room;
Four dollars ought to pay her lioard,
So she has wealth to put away
These learned folk contend.
Nine dollars Is her weekly pay
Which leaves her two to spend.
Of course she has to dress herself.
The theorists admit.
But, if Bhe's careful with her pelf.
She ought to save a bit.
One-fifty buys a lot of clothes
A very small expense
What does she do. do you suppose
With that odd fifty cents?
Perhaps It goes for chowlng gum;
It may be that she pays
A portion of this goodly sum
To go to movie plays.
Perhaps she gives too many tips.
Or spends her hard earned hoard
On powder puffs, or trolley trips
Which she can ill-afford.
At all events her pay ta rpont
Before the week is out.
She never saves a single cent.
Of that there Is no doubt.
She goes ahead and has her fling
Like one with cash to burn.
And It would seem, poor silly thing.
That aha will never learn!
Too Bis; a Job.
Apparently the Irish can lick
everybody but the IrlBh.
"See Naples and die" runs the pro
verb. The same thing Is true of a
Diamonds are carbon, but the
deuce of It Is you rsn't burn 'cm
aurlng a coal shortage.
DRY CLAIMS TOO SWEEPING.
A fellow-toiler who, at eventide,
with duty done and daily labor
Takes from the cabin wall his violin
10 woo a tune with unpretending
And court foregetfulness from fret
To give a fleeting pleasure,
Within a comrade's breast a sweeter
To stir a fragrant memory, and,
Win as reward a nod, a friendly
Or hand-clasp of an understanding
O recompense to bless a hundred
CHARLES O. OLSEN.
Eyesight is a serious matter for
some. Bifocal glasses help solve the
dual sight problem but there are
those who don't seem to care to
adopt the latest near-and-distant
vision glasses. Just yesterday the
man with three pairs of glasses was
observed, all presumably for a dif
ferent purpose. He spent half his
time changing spectacles.
There were a lot of men in the
world war. It was the cause of
vast amount of book and record
yarns run along the lines blazed
by Jules Verne, and he can turn
out a serial, with a thrill In every
chapter, more readily than the
average politician can write a cam
paign platform. Whether the re
wards of authorship compensate for
the labor, the doctor does not say,
but he at least has a whale of a
lot of fun out of piloting his charac
ters through the earth, under the
sea or to the most distant planets.
N. Bangs, the mayor of Timber,
Or,, is at the Hotel Portland, and
Mr. and Mrs. G. Griffith, two of his
constituents, are registered at the
Perkins. Timber is the place where
the Tillamook train stops long
enough for the passengers to rush
Into a dining room and inhale a
hunk of pie. a sandwich and a cup
of coffee. One of the main attrac
tions at Timber is to stand 'on the
depot grounds, and watch the flap
per passengers try to take the long
step from the ground to the cars.
Thus it is said that the residents
of Timber knew even before the
general public in Portland that the
girls were "rolling 'em down."
Louis E. Bean, speaker of the
house of representatives of the
Oregon legislature, arrived In Port
land yesterday to attend the meet
ing of the state game commission.
of which he is a member. Mr. Bean
was one of the leading figures at
the republican conference held at
keeping. No one
classed as any slower than others.
Though the armistice was signed
nearly four years ago a Portland
resident who eerved with the Cana
dian farces just received his service
medals this week.
The brakeman walks down the
aisle of the passenger coach like in
days of yore, but some of the old-
time atmosphere of the coach is
missing. We refer to the acrid
nation could be Eugene Saturday. In his speech at
Eugene, Mr. Bean said that the high
taxes are largely due to the people
who voted them and although it
may not be possible now to decrease
taxes, still a programme may be
worked- out . which will hoUaxes
where they are and prevent them
from going higher.
A few miles east of La Grande
there are springs which bring hot
water from the earth's Interior and
the flow is so large that a body of
water has been formed which Is
scent of Pintsch gas. Railroading known as Hot lake. Long before
is one of the most progressive busi- I the coming of the white men, the
neses in the country and though it Indians used to pitch their camps
was only the show trains, the spe- at the edge of the lake and use the
cially equipped limiteds, that boast
ed electric lights a few years ago.
now almost every train carries its
generator plant. No longer does
the brakeman go through the coach
at dusk and turn on the gas and
light It with a taper and the coaches
become a dim mass of shadows.
Now he punches a switch. Just like
any place else, and the bright lights
come into being.
Pendleton, with an eye to the
unique and practical, stages its has
show in an edifice whose walls are
bales of -alfalfa.
When these visiting prelates
gather in small bunches they ap
pear to be Intensely and wholly
. McAdoo denies that he will be
a candidate in 1924. Yet his party
easily might do worse and ho doubt
To most people Einstein's theory
is nothing more than how much to
get on a watch.
ONE DAY AT SUNSET
One day at sunset, e'er the night
Had drawn her sable pinions
The polished dome and minaret
Of yonder valley's peaceful town
That gleamed in shafted light,
I climbed far up the eastern walls.
That watqh so stately o'er the sea
Of graceful valley, hill and town,
That lay in gorgeous panoply,
Where each gold sun-shaft falls.
Here brooding pines their dirges
The mysteries of forgotten years;
Here through their tops the clouds
Sift down their requiem of tears,
That only hope can bring.
Here, as I watched, the western sky
Threw down its bars, its gates
To let thesun's blazed train pass by;
While in the east the pale moon
To watch her rival die.
Then slowly west reset her bars.
And patiently her curtains drew;
Shut out the day with all its cares.
Shut in the silent night, and you
Tou everlasting stars.
: HOWARD M. CORNING.
waters for medicinal purposes.
Now, however, there are large and
attractive buildings at the lake.
over which Dr. W. T. Phy presides.
The doctor is at present In Portland
and registered at the Imperial.
Don H. Dickerson of the United
States forest service Is In town
from Welch's, which has been a
popular summer camp in the Mount
Hood foothills between Huckleberry
mountain and Hunchback, along
the Salmon river, for about 30 years.
The forest service has been con
structing a trail up the Salmon
river and this makes it easier for
fishermen and hikers to reach the
falls and the rocky gorge in the
upper reaches of the mountain
Mr. and Mrs. L. Bundy of Cherry-
ville. Or., are at the Hotel Oregon.
The Cherryvllle hill has been notor
ious on the road to Mount Hood and
more cars have been stalled on that
grade than on any other part of the
road. The new loop road will elim
inate Cherryville hill, but at present
the grade in that section is not open
to traffic. The hill is particularly
bad in wet weather.
Riley Atkinson, who is president
of the commercial club at Boise,
Idaho, is at the Multnomah. Mr.
Atkinson is in the brokerage busi
ness and is here conferring with
wholesalers. Boise is prospering
and the town offers an active
appearance, . although the weather
has been uncomfortably warm for
much of the time during the past
J. T. Brand, city attorney for
Marshfield, Or., is at the Imperial,
accompanied by Mrs. Brand.
Prohibition Grta Undue Credit from
Abolishment of Saloon Evils.
OLYMPIA, Wash., Sept. 10. (To
the Editor.) The Oregonian's edi
torial on "Practical Effects of
Prohibition" was most Interesting.
The credit you give to "prohibition"
had better be given to closing of
the saloons and forbidding drinking
in public places, which as pointed
out in a former communication are
strong points of the British Colum
bia law. Prohibition as every one
knows is not enforced and so far
has proved non-enforceable. I read
the report of Judge William M.
GemmlU of Chicago. He notes much
that is very interesting and is very
fair with many points of view. You
do not clearly state In quoting
many points of his that he says
that the arrests for drunkenness
have much increased for 1921 and
1922 beyond the figures for 1919 and
1920 owing to the improved tech
nlque of the bootleggers a very
important point indeed.
The claim that prohibition h
diminished crime has been over
stated. The number of crooks has
not diminished as Is proved by
bootlegging on such a vast scale
The last Christian Register, or
rather a very recent number, in an
editorial very tersely observes that
great numbers of burglars and
pickpockets have given up their
former crimes for bootlegging ow
ing to the easy and enormous profits
of the latter. The diminution of
crime might easily be very appar
ent under such conditions. In the
better payments of debts the drys
have a far stronger argument, pro
vided that their claims-for this can
be substantiated. Of this let debt
collectors and credit agents speak.
But the vast scale of bootlegging.
operations, especially all they ac
complish in their devilish work, are
answers of the most hideously con
elusive kind to only too many of the
claims of the drys.
Roger Babson, the noted statlstl
cian, has recently told his customers
in a communication that prohibition
will be a subject of ridicule and
contempt till the public Is more
ready for it; for until such time he
says legislation, even constitutional
amendments, are of little value. He
adds that a great mistake was made
in forcing It upon the country under
stress of war before the public was
ready for it. It is resentment over
this impos.tlon that is now causing
such a strong reaction today, sucn
an achievement by a fanatical mi
nority backed by greedy vested in
terests, together with the errors of
the Wilson administration so ably
discussed by you. have shown weak
nesses and dangers In our form of
government and political methods
not suspected before.
The proper solution Is a limited
amount of liquor traffic under the
strictest vigilance and regulation by
a government commission, and on
In Other Days.
Fifty Yrara Aid.
From Tbe Oresonlun of September U.
Washington. The president h
Issued a proclamation abolishing
all duties on Imports from Japan In
Japanese vessels as long as Japan
preserves a similar rule In rraurd
to exports to that country from the
Paris. The last wrekly edition of
The Illustration whs -lz-d by the
police because it contained Insult
ing caricatures of the l'russlans.
At a meeting of th common
council to be held next Saturday a
report will be heard from a special
committee on watrr supplies for
consideration of the brst nd ninsl
economical method of furnishing
the city with water.
A party of surveyors is now en
gaged In running the preliminary
line on the north sid of the "n
lumbla river for the Northern l'a
clfic Hallway company.
nn amount allow any drinking in
any public place only in private
places like homes and clubs. The
suggested plan of the writer, twice
published in The Oregonian. also
the laws of Quebec and British
Columbia for the same plan prac
tically, will alone suppress saloons,
drunkards and bootleggers as much
as is humanly possible. Dr. Dole, a
lAadine Unitarian minister of Bos
ton recently stated In the above
named Christian Register that pro
hibition of liquor traffic by law has
been tried a number of times In hu
man history and has never been a
success. It never will be till public
opinion radically changes.
JAMES II. S. BATES.
Interstate Bridge F.arnlnga.
CATHLAMET. Wash.. Sept. 10.
(To the Editor.) Kindly publish a
statement showing the financial
condition of the Vancouver Inter
state bridge. Some claim that It
has paid for itself In earnings. The
writer thinks not. W.
Multnomah county's share of
bridge tolls has not been sufficient
to pay Interest and annual bond re
demption. Its net collections have
been J757.386.86 to September 1,
1922. It has retired $250,000 In
bonds and ald out in Interest
$623,839.99, and has a balance tn
the bridge fund of $857,391.36. The
tolls have fallen about $116,000
short of interest and redemption
requirements, so far as Multnomah
county is concerned. Clarke county.
Washington, receives two-fifths of
the tolls and does not have so large
an investment In approaches, and
the showing is better as to Its share
of 'the Investment, but total tolls
have not equaled the total invest
ment of both counties, much less
been sufficient to pay Interest and
Twenty-five irora Am".
From The Oregonian of Hrptrmher 12.
Constantinople. The suli.in has
ordered a commission composed of
two Musselmans. three Armenians,
and one Greek to visit the Armenian
vlllayettes which have t.een the
chief sufferers from the tnas.sarres
and raise funds to rebuild the Ar
menian schools, churches and mnn
asteries, and build orplinnKes.
Hazelton, Pa. Twenty-one are
dead as a result of a clah between
coal mine strikers and deputies.
Militia and county police are belnff
rushed to the scene.
Yellow fever In the south, itarva
tlon in the Yukon, and bloody riots
In Pennsylvania. Let us lie thank
ful for the peace and plenty In Ore
gon. The project for beet-sugar busi
ness In Oregon has a most, promis
LIKE RAISING HKLHilOl'S ISSUE
T'llna Deplored by Mr. Pierre Seem
Inerly Done by Ills Manager.
PORTLAND. Sept. 11. (To the
Editor.) T. II. Crawford, campaign
manager for Walter M. 1'lerce, dem
ocratic candidate for governor, in a
published letter tells us who Mr.
Pierce Is. Among other th'nits we
are informed that the camllnate is
religiously a Protestant, aUhoush
the nature of his protest Js not dis
closed. However, It Is explained
that his wife is a Methodist, which
is more specific.
Again it appears, that the canrti-
date 18 a memoer in oon manning
sons, Hhrlners, Knights
of the M
Pythias. Elks. Oddfellow liiltei
Artisans, Woodmen of the World
nd Modern Woodmen of Amrrira.
which makes him out as some Join
er, sure enougn.
All of this has a human lnlere:,
hut what bearing has it upon the
present political campalun? Have
we not been told by Mr. Pierce him
self and wome of his newspaper sup
porters that we should isnore tmv
religious issue raised and look only
to the fitness of tlio candidate to
administer the office of governor
nd carry on most effect Ivi ly on the
side of the taxpayer In his fi lit for
less cost of governments w ny men
drag Mr. Pierce's Indefinite r;ll;lon
called "Protestant, ae.d trore ,. f.-
nite lodi,'e affiliations, etuht or them
In all by name, out before the pub
lic gaze? What Is the ol.Ject c.f 1:,
will you tell us Mr. Crawford, cam-
Many of us certainly would !i.e
to know. It cannot be that a lM !
being made to that cVspica li thins
called religious prejudice. Yet. s.
far the democratic Candida le lias re
fused to commit hlrtihilf u ti.e
K. K. K or other necrei "patriotic
societies whose chief object .r
to be the capitalization " ;,it,..l:-..
and hate for business a::d i .!' ..:
The views of Mr. I'icui
subject would be a f.nr,, iv.t r,
portant matter fo .!.- su...... .,
manager to enlighu-:! 1 ' .. ;:
either the religious or :dc c.;:i..i
tiona of the candidate i' -;; '. "ii.
Wn'.I Street Jourt
An applicant for wr-t V. ::
plant asked a vet. r.rr.
if it were true that th cmi
always finding mciiiul, .
up production hv tiMtirf fi
The veteran replied:
"Most certainly. In fact
tinued. "I Just had a .Ileum v.:;tc:i
Illustrates the point. Mr. !'. !,: i
dead and I could sec te pal . 1 Jt 1 1 '
carrying the body Miiii.tl, tiic
procession stopped. .Mr. !': Kul
come to life. As soon a Hit .1 .).!
was opened he sat upright. "'i. or
seeing six pallbearers, cried oiu a!
once: Put this casket on wheeir, nl
lay off five men.
Ohio State Journal.
Our own position on the sex prob
lem: Equal rights for nil i nd spe
cial shooting privileges for none.