Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 12, 1922, Page 5, Image 5

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    THE 3IORNING OREGONIAX TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1922
V
FULL BLOOD, HOPE
OF FILIPli PEOPLE
Half Breeds Declared
Have Been Selfish.
to
NATIVES STUDY HARD
Good Name and Fate of Philip
pines Liies With Self-Sacrificing
"100 Per Centers."
BY RUTH DUXIWAY KERBY.
Article III.
MANILA, P. I.. Aus. 10. (By
.Mail.) It is true that I did not go
to the Philippines with an open
mind. When I first learned that we
were going to the islands, the pic
ture that came to my mind was one
day back in 1898 in Park school.
The teacher had told us that the
school had presented a flag to the
2d Oregon, who were going to war
in the Philippines,
There was to he a guard of honor
of little girls to march with the sol
diers to the station. Then she read
the names. I felt so proud to be in
cluded among them. We were to be
excused at once to go home and put
on white dresses, but were to be
back to school at 1 o'clock. Then
came the picture of marching down
Sixth street, past the Portland hotel
and wondering if my little legs
would hold out until we got to the
depot. Mixed up with that was
hazy memory of Captain Charles
McDonell and company H and vague
stories of heroism. ..Then, several
years later, a night on the Holbrook
front porch when Millard and Sam
held forth about the mosquitoes.
Little Known About Islands.
A war and mosquitoes, that was
all I Knew about the Philippines.
But I read zealously and listened to
a host of pro-Filipino arguments
Our poor downtrodden little brown
brother! He was so far away that
no one knew or cared. Here they
had a budget system, ran a. railroad
at profit, had the cleanest city in
the orient and the best penal system
in the world. Big business was hold
ing them subject because if they
were independent there would be a
big tariff and the Wall street crowd
couldn't make so much money.
Indeed I didn't arrive in Manila
with an open mind, far from it. I
was strongly pro-Filipino.
I learned soon that our little
brown brother is a specialist in half
truths. Thank heaven they still do
have the finest penal system in the
world but there always has been
and there is still an American at the
head of it. , i
Americans Clean City.
Manila is the cleanest city in the
orient but it was the Americans
who drained the salt marshes on the
liuneta, who made them stop sta
bling their horses on the first floor
of their houses and who started the
mosquito squad which at one time
had completely annihilated that
festive insect.
Who couldn't run a railroad at
profit if every year a beneficent
government made it a large gift of
money running into the millions?
When the politico wishes to dis
credit America's system of schools
in the islands he remarks proudly,
"Santo Tomas university is older
Uhan Harvard." Another one ol
-;those dangerous half truths, for he
neglects to add that until America
came the doors of Santo Tomas were
open only to Spanish lads and half
caste sons of Spanish fathers. There
was no direct prohibition of Filipino
boys, but on the other hand there
was no provision made for the
necessary preparatory training. Add
to this a high tuition charge and
you will find In. only a few isolated
instances did any pure-blooded
Filipino boy pass those sacred por
tals of learning.
Flag-Raising; Memorable.
The raising of the Stars and
Stripes over Fort Santiago was
jubilant day for the children of the
Philippines. Today school houses
abound. Slowly but surely along
with! tune American school teacher
went ideas of cleanliness and sani
tation. The children, of today ore
larger physically, stronger and much
brighter and healthier than those of
24 years ago. But since the schools
have been Filipinoized the Ameri
can teacher is found only in high
schools. The grade children are
taught by Filipinos, often mere boys
and girls. These native teachers
speak English with a decided ac
cent, hence the resultant English
spoken by their pupils is frequently
unintelligible.
On numerous occasions young
sters have spoken to mo in English
and I have thought it was their na
tive dialect. There are thousands
more children clampring for an edu
cation than there are school houses
or teachers. In the provinces many
native teachers get but 25 pesos or
$4.2.60 per month, and they are
worth Just that.
The children of Ifugao are learn
ing to write fcy drawing in the air
with, their forefingers. There is no
paper, no pencils, no crayons, no
blackboards in the province.
Yet there was 1,000,000 pesos to
eend a mission to A m erica.
Filipino Not to Blame.
But In spite of the graft in poli
tics, ih spite of the failure of the
bank and the bad management of
the Manila railroad; in. spite of the
failure of the various development
companies, the Filipino is not to
blame. He has done the best hel
Knew now.
We must look closer to home.
First, to our lack of a definite col
onial policy, and second, to eight
years of throughtless democratic i
administration.
It was but a scant 24 years ago
that .we found ourselves in pos
session of this archipelago. Up to
that time the native had not been
allowed to wear shoes or tuck in
his shirt. There are presidents of
towns today, who, as boys, dared
to dress as white men and were
promptly given their choice of jail
or fighting the Moros. There was
no provision made for general edu
cation or even industrial training.
For 400 years the Spaniards had
worked on the theory that the less
the native knew the better.
World Turned TJpside Down.
Then we came along and turned
his world topsy-turvy. We put him
in school and he proved a remark
ably bright pupil. But his knowl
edge is memorized. As long as he
can quote from a book he will carry
off the honors, but don't put him
up against a new situation which
he must reason about. His powers
of deduction are still dormant.
Thus he doesn't understand today
what he is asking when he demands
independence. To him it is a high
sounding oratorical phrase and he
is unable to reason out what abso
lute independence involves.
Under former republican regimes
the native .was encouraged to hold
minor government positions, and as
fast as he showed signs of progress
he was advanced to a more diffi
cult job. Governor Harrison,, carry
ing out the democratic policies, dis
missed the Americans in authority
and placed Filipinos in their places,
or else he promoted Filipinos over
the heads of Americans who had
been working faithfully for years.
The latter promptly resigned.
Natives On Their Mettle.
The Filipino was on his.' mettle
and he strove hard to make good.
It was a hot fire, but out of it
came some capable young men and
in them lies the hope of the islands.
But the majority went down to ig
noble defeat. They weren't pre
pared, their experiences were too
limited, but they did the best they
could. Power went to their heads.
All this time they were being flat
tered by Governor Harrison and
somewhere in the hysteria a very
insidious doctrine was launched.
This was to the effect that the
Americans who had striven so hard
to uphold the good name of Ameri
ca in the Philippines were less fine
than those who had remained at
home, in fact, were nothing but
"camp followers." This is a very
favorite doctrine today with the
publicity agents of the Philippine
government when they try to re
fute any statement made by a mem
ber of the American colony.
Oreftonians Are Capable.
Oregon has sent some of her most
capable sons to help in the build-"
ing up of the islands. Captain
Heath, president of the Manila
chamber of commerce, is from Port
land. Joseph Marias, head of the
shipping board for the far east, with
headquarters in Manila, was Dorn
and educated in Portland. Incident
ally when Mr. Marias settled the
seamen's strike, he demonstrated
that he is one of the best execu
tives and diplomats in the Philip
Dines. Nelson Bartholomew, Alan
Percv. Howard Strickler, all Ore
gonians. Edward L. Powell, head
of the Associated Press of the
islands, is 'an ex-Portlander. These
are the type of men that the Fili
pino politico is decrying. Sturdy,
staunch American patriots who have
upheld the honor of their country
in the business of peace as much as
any soldier on the front line.
We are bit hard on the Filipino
because we are paying him the rare
compliment of taking him at his
own valuation. He has shouted so
many times and stamped his foot
to emphasize it, I am grown up.
1 am, too!" that we have looked at
him and said, "Bless my soul, so
you are!"
Crux of Trouble Told.
Right there is the crux of the
whole trouble. '
It is a scientific fact that the
average Filipino reaches mental
maturity from 12 to 16. Think of
them as children and immediately
you realize that ttjey are the most
promising and wonderful children a
mother ever had. They are kindly,
hospitable, have charming manners.
take a tremendous interest in grown
up affairs, and are unusually bright
and well-read, with sharp prlcKmga
of genius. What they have done in
Hi years is little short of a miracle.
We accuse them of lack of respon
sibility in business well, any child
does not succeed the first time it
tries.
We say that they are deceitful.
For years the Filipino succeeded
in his relationship with the Span
iard by trickery and deceit. It is
impossible to eradicate that in one
generation. Most of it, now, is to
be smarter than the other boy at all
costs.
We say his legislature is filled
with meaningless oratory. Did you
ever attend a high school oratorical
society? Remember, though the leg
islators wears long trousers and
have graying locks, they are still in
the high school stage.
Titles Are Loved.
He loves titles. Your high school
laddies tell you he lunched with
the football captain never mere
Johnny Jones.
He wants to lead. "If no one elsa
will lead my people, then I will lead
them." Mere adolescent conceit.
He has a child's sense of humor
and takes himself and his affairs
most seriously, absolutely uncon
scious that he Is strutting like a
gamecock. Johnny Jones, aged 16,
does not see what a funny figure he
is cutting why expect it of Juan
de la Cruze?
Andt finally, remember this: "Very
few pure-blooded Filipinos have as
yet had a chance to demonstrate
what they can do. They were not
prepared to grasp and utilize
promptly the new tools America
held out for them to use. The half
breed was. He snatched at them
and has proceeded to use them for
his own advantage, but when the
full bloods once sense their power
they are going to rule. Just now
they are too busy going to school
themselves or working to give their
brothers and sisters an education.
Before the sacrifices some of them
are making, quietly and without os
tentation, I bow humbly and
ashamed. With them lies the good
name and the fate of the Philippine
islands.
PASTORS ARE ASSIGNED
Rev. J. A. Beck Gets First Ger
man Methodist Pulpit, Portland.
SPOKANE, 'Wash., Sept. 11.
(Special.) Assignment of pastors
for the coming year in the Oregon
district was made at the closing
session today of the conference of
the Pacific German Methodist
church, held at Rosalia, Wash.
Assignments are: Rev. A. J.
Weigle, superintendent; Bethany,
Rev. G. J. Kleinbach; Clarks, Rev.
A. J. Weigle; Metolius, Rev. C. A.
Maag; Newberg, Rev. P. J. Sechnert;
Oak Grove, Rev. J. A. Beck; First
church, Portland, Rev. S. A. Schu
mann; Salem, Rev. G. S. Roeder;
Willamina, Rev. S. H. Luedcke, and
Richfield, Rev. H. L. Woehl.
Get your coal at Ediefsen's. Adv.
Extra Suit Service
costs no more!
. $45
.
BEN SELLING AT FOURTH
Portland's Leading Clothier for Over Half a Century
PHIMAHY CONTEST TIE
SENATOR POIXDEXTER LEADS
IiEAVIS COUNTY CONTEST.
Indications Point to Light Vote
and Candidates for . Jjesser
Offices Are Numerous.
CHEHALIS, Wash, Sept. 11.
(Special.) Not a great deal of In
terest is expected to be shown in
the primary election that will be
held in Lewis county's 79 voting
precincts tomorrow. There are
nearly 12,000 voters registered, but
due to the absence of a real heated
campaign over any of the various
offices to be filled in the county it
is not thought a heavy vote will be
cast.
It is expected that Senator Poin-
dexter will carry the county by a
substantial plurality over his near
est competitor, if indeed he may not
have a majority over all of them.
For the supreme court seats, the in
cumbents, Judges Mackintosh, Park
er, Fullerton and Hovey are expect
ed to get the bulk of the votes.
The offices for which there is
the greatest number of candidates
are the two vacancies as county
commissioner in the first. Centralia,
and the second, Chehalis, districts.
First district candidates are John
Fulton. William Scales, E. H. Colson
and J. C. Watson of Centralia, John
Nelson of Lincoln Creek, L. A. Stahl
of Ford's jjrairie, F. J. Saliger of
Agate and W. H. Mitchell of Clark
precinct. In the second district the
candidates from this city are George
R. Walker, Chess Moore, J. P. Hur
ley and John uenhor, witn iienry
Rayton of Adna the only candidate
west of here, and J. R. Morton of
Napavine, the only one south of this
city.
There Is a four-cornered race for
state representative, with three
places to be filled. Representatives
A. S. Cory and W. H. K-noyer, both
of Chehalis, are candidates, as are
also ex-Representative Judd Siler of
Randle and , Robert Somerville of
Centralia.
For the courthouse positions
there was less interest in develop
ing a long string of candidates this
year than ever before, although
E 1 tmts. i J" E a
A suit with extra pants is an
assurance of far-reaching
economy. The extra serv
ice one gets is practically
doubled and the conven
ience of an extra p,air pants
in press offsets any emer
gency. ' My new stock in
cludes hundreds of these
quality, extra service suits
in all-wool finished and
unfinished worsteds. AH
are reasonably priced.
MENS
SUITS
with two pair pants
$35 $40
there are good reasons why more
possible "candidates might have en
tered the lists.
CREAMERY TO EXPAND
Hood River Business Will Be Put
Upon Co-operative Basis.
HOOD RIVER, Or., Sept. 11. (Spe
cial.) Plans will be launched at a
meeting of the stockholders of the
Hood River creamery next Saturday
afternon for a complete reorganiza
tion of the concern on a strictly co
operative basis. The creamery, or
ganized co-operatively in 1913 by or
chardists and business men of the
city, while it has developed into
one of the most successful of its
kind in the northwest, ha's outgrown
its present quarters and the equip
ment of the plant.
The creamery, during its first
year, made less than 40,000 pounds
of butter all told. At the present
time it is churning about 1000
pounds daily.
ROAD BEING GRAVELED
Haines-Baker Section of Oregon
Trail Under Imporvement.
HAINES. Or., Sept. 11. (Special.)
The Newport Construction com
pany of Hermiston, Or., has begun
placing an additional 8 inches of
gravel on the Haines-Baker section
of the Old Oregon trail, state high
way. It is understood that this will
be the final treatment of this sec
tion of the highway before the
hard surfacing, which may not come
for another year or more.
With the-completion of the work
now under way, the Haines-Baker
stretch of the state road will be the
best between Pendleton and the
Idaho line.
Skamania Pear Crop Sold.
HOOD RIVER, Or., Sept. 11. (Spe
cial.) Underwood, Wash., orchard
ists report that practically the en
tire tonnage of D'Anjou pears of
the neighboring Skamania county
fruit- district has been purchased by
Ira L. Hyde of White Salmon, mid
Columbia representative of Stein
hard & Kelly, New Tork city buyers,
prices paid are announced as fol
lows: Extra fancy and fancy, $2.25
a box, and C grade, $1.75.
H5
The Tire with the Wider and Thicker Tread
Why Cords Are Costing Less-
Cotton mills are now able to fur
nish cord material at very little
higher cost than fabric material.
For the first time in tire history,
cord tires should now cost you
but a trifle more than a fabric
tire of equal quality.
You are getting full advantage
of the lower costs in Gates
Super-Tread Cords and they
have the wider and thicker tread
which you know mean two to
three thousand extra miles for
you.
Last Times
TODAY
BETTY COMPSON
in
"The Bonded Woman"
i 1
Jensen & Von Herberg
and J. J. Parker's
Mammoth Benefit
Performance
for
Mrs. GLENN H. PRICE
and HER CHILDREN
PEOPLES THEATER
Doors open 7:30
o'clock
Curtain at 8:15
Tickets Still Selling
at the Liberty
Theater Check Room
'A
BUY ONE
VALUE OF NEGLECTED LAND
OF VALLEY ESTIMATED.
Bottom and Floor Areas Declared
to Store Vast Agricultural
Wealth Along "Willamette.
OREGON AGRICULTURAL COL
LEGE, Corvallis, Sept. 11. (Spe
cial.) Irrigation would pay m dol
lars and cents and pay well on
20 per cent of the Willamette val
ley land representing a half million
acres, farmers from various sec
tions of the valley were told Sat
urday afternoon at a special field
meet on the Oregon agricultural
experiment station grounds. Irri
gation is profitable on the free
working soils and in dry seasons
anywhere, it was pointed out.
A 100 per cent crop increase may
be had on the sandy loam soils of
1-, rivcp ittnTTi- and from B0 to 75
- . aTit n-n t ii a vfl-llev floor, by
means of irrigation, W. L. Powers,
chief In soils, told the visitors, as
Jv ' " c '
ii ii n
f,4 nr !..- iL. M;l-m.l I I 111
fcjj l omgnt sine nigm; i i
Laaai6iij.iiri-i'-r:-i'iMniil'" mi mi iiiimiimr nr.. 1i ri amiil .Ji
STARTING
CORRECTION but no apology!!
We did not mean to mislead when we said "Smilin
Through' was all that the screen could give. We honestly
believed it. So did our patrons. Now we wish to retract
that statement. "Smilin' Through" was a great achieve
ment BUT GREATER, FAR GREATER IS NORMA
TALMADGE'S NEWEST MASTERPIECE, "THE ETER
NAL FLAME." And that's a statement we won't have to
retract. JENSEN & VON HERBERG.
LIBERTY FASHION REVIEW Long Skirts V Everything
CARTOON COMEDY LIBERTY NEWS EVENTS
a 13-year average the Irrigated
fields at the experiment station
have produced two tons more hay
to the acre, 70 bushels more pota
toes, five bushelstmore beans, and
six tons more beets. Water has
saved the clover stand the last two
years in the irrigation fields. Nine
years of continuous cropping has
reduced the Dean yieia irom it w
nve Dusneis an acre, wniie wna ir
rigation, rotation and manure it has
been increased Irom nine to
bushels.
23
Haines Ready for Caravan.
HAINES, Or., Sept. 11. (Special.)
Monroe Goldstein, advance repre
sentative of the 1925 special, visited
Haines this afternoon and was the
guest of the Haines Ad club and
representative business interests of
this city. Plans for the reception
of the Portland fair caravan, which
will occupy the high school audi
3
COME EARLY 3
Now Showing to
Crowded Houses
i&Baauctxotx or
Prisoner
oZenda
by Anthony Hope
INCOME EARLY O
2
Bismuth "
WMNsl0f
sbutter 3
inn
it spreads just like butter
'gnci i wj
I kttuii
I Green Chile Cheese
WEDNESDAY
Eight Reels Aglow
The Wine of
torium during its visit here Sep
tember 19, include the dismissal of
the schools and closing of business
houses.
a H. green (mpt for ca&.
Holman Fuel Co., coal and wood.
Broadway 63B3: R60-21 Adv.
ran
T O D AY
BEBE DANIELS
WALLACE REID
CONRAD NAG EL
JULIA FAYE
-in-
NICE
PEOPLE
wherein the jazz
mad maid of today
is shown up for
what she really is.
KNOWLES'
PICTURE
PLAYERS
A 100 Score
IK is
With
Life
jjr i .ii
I Keates
Is Playing
"Mississippi
Moon"
ONLY MORE DAYS
William Fox's
DRAMATIC
WONDER PICTURE
Directed by.
Emmett J.
FLYNN
MONTE
CRISTO
1A
Noted Cast
of Players
Including
John Gilbert
William V. Mortff
Robert McKim
Estelle Taylor
Maud Georg-e
Virginia Faire
NOTE
To avoid standing
in line so long we
advise the seven
o'clock show
COMING SATURDAY
"A Fool There Was"
mm
:f,:f lr?if lr:if
KM - 7
I
I I!
Ir-m
John
Bans