THE MORNING OREGONIAN. TUESDAY. AUGUST 22, 1922 ', Published by Tta Oregonian Pub. Co., 13 Sixth Street. Portland, Oregon. . C. A. MORDEN, B. B. PIPER. Manager. Editor. Tha Oregon ian is member of the Aa ' aociated Press. The Associated Preaa is - exclusively entitled to the use for publi cation or all news aispaicnea creajieu i It or not oinerwise crea.iea m mis and also the local news published herein. Ail rights of publication of special dis patcnes herein are a .wo reserved. SoMcriDtion Rates Invariably in Auvajve. f By Mail.) Paily. Sunday Included, one year ....J8.O0 .. Ialiy, Sunday included, six months . . 4.-5 Daily, Sunday lncluaeo, tnree mont"" - -jj rai.y, Sunday included, one monin ' Pally, without Sunday, one year .. Iaily, without Sunday, six months Daily, without Sunday, one month Sunday, one year .75 8.00 3.25 .60 2.50 (By Carrier.) Dally, Sunday included, one year 0 00 Dttilv HnnHav InrlnHpH three tllOllthS i!.J? Daily. 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They say nothing of tne means ty which the emergency fleet is to be sold to private investors or of the manner in which government aid is to be administered. Assurance "through the provisions of the law that strict impartiality and the American principle of equal oppor tunity for all will be observed is essential to the end in view. When. the people are satisfied that this assurance is adequate, there will be small difficulty in winning popular support for the subsidy scheme and in selling the fleet to the American people. Such assurance is the one thing lacking in the bill and in the board's pleas on its behalf. With out that assurance-the bill is likely to be defeated and, in the improb- i . i ....... . I. . ; f alinnM TtnoQ in its iXUlK event Litav 11. miv.-.- j.-" . present shape, the entire scheme would run risk of failure for want of bidders for the ships and of men willing to build on its terms. Though the proportion of cus toms revenue to be diverted to the subsidy fund is estimated by the board at about $35,000,000 a year. Senator Fletcher estimates the total direct and indirect aid to be given at J72.750.000 a year. This is an immense sum for any seven men to have in their hands for distribution every year. The- power- to grant or withhold a share in it, to make that share more or less, to decide whether "ships shall be sold for a line to run on a certain route from one port or another, whether a company which operates the greater part of its tonnage under foreign flags shall receive govern ment aid for its American tonnage, to decide whether a shipping com pany . has forfeited its subsidy by violation of its contract all this power Is by the bill vested in the board without any requirement that it shall give open hearing to all parties before deciding, or that appeal to the courts or an arbl- tration tribunal shall be allowed. I Only one provision for hearings is made in that section which re quires the board to sell its existing lines to domestic communities pri marily interested but the defini tion of such communities is so broad that it calls the entire Pacific coast from the Canadian to the Mexican border one "domestic community," the entire gulf coast another, the entire south Atlantic coast a third and the entire north Atlantic coast a fourth. Under that HofinitirtTl tha hnnrrt mi p"h t pick out one or two ports on each coast for bestowal sof Its favor and yet make a plausible pretense of having complied with the law,' though it would thereby snuff out many other ports. Such arbitrary power has never, except in tim,e of war, been vested in any government bureau. The closest approach was made when the reclamation bureau was per mitted to apportion the reclamation fund among various projects, but congress took away that power by providing that no sum should be expended except by congressional appropriation to a specific, project. The interstate commerce commis sion has no public funds to dis burse among the railroads, yet it gives public hearings and formal decisions, which are widely pub lished, on every case that comes before it. By the bill It is pro posed to give the shipping board arbitrary power to decide almost all questions without hearing by mere resolution adopted in private session, and the only safeguard against abuse is provision that in some classes of cases five affirma tive votes must be given and that the vote and the reasons for the action taken must be recorded on the minutes. Few members of the board are familiar with shipping and the chairman admitted on taking office little more than a year ago that he knew nothing about it. Hearings of all inter ested parties and communities not entire coasts but locar communities would give the board a liberal education in its duties as well as giiard the public against abuse of its power and grave errors of judg ment. Yet these seven men, a majority of whom have not yet found their sea-legs, did not wait for a committee of congress to take the initiative in giving it such power; they themselves drew the bill, thus asking congress to make them omnipotent over the mer chant marine. The board may conceivably allo cate first-class ships to ports to which it has hitherto denied them, but those ports should not permit themselves to be lulled into false security by such action. What the board gave it would as readily take away after its purpose had been served and when the pull of rival ports beams too strong to resist. It is most interested at present in quieting criticism, that the way may be smoothed to slide the bill through congress without limitation of the power that it seeks. That end once gained, it would be free to transfer to other ports the ships that had subdued opposition. It present aim Is unrestricted -author. attained, the have passed. pe of selling tne emergency fleet or such part of it as is fit to be- incorporated in the American merchant marine and of establish ing a well balanced merchant fleet rests on enlistment in the shipping business of a large mass 'of . new capital drawn from ports which have hitherto had a minor part in that business, also from their trib utary inland territory. That capital can be attracted under conditions which assure an open, square deal and equal opportunity for all ports to compete in buying and operat ing ships, but under no other con ditions. If the bill is not radically amended in that direction, the board is wasting its labor in ex piating on the general merits of its scheme, for enactment of its bill is highly improbable, and the scheme could not succeed if it should be adopted. DEWBERRY'S OFFENSE. Mr. Hughes gives the weight of his political judgment and great moral authority to- the support of Senator Newberry. He says that Mr. Newberry was convicted under a statute afterwards held invalid by the supreme court of the United States; that he was guilty of no moral turpitude; and that the only charge was that he had spent more than $3750, the limit fixed by the Michigan statute. Senator Newberry, or his friends for him, expended many thousands of dollars to defeat Henry Ford, a candidate for senator both as a republican and as a democrat (in cidentally in itself a suggestive and illuminating exposition of the direct primary). He would have been equally guilty if he had expended J3751. The Oregonian has never de fended Newberry. It has never been reconciled to a system under which enormous sums of money may be must be spent if a can didate is to put his cause fully before the public. Henry Ford had at his command all the needed machinery of publicity through his Jmmense organization and through otner avenues. in a primary, where publicity is vital, he had a vast advantage over any rival. Will it be held that on that account a nomination should go to a Ford by consent? Or should there be an offsetting and leveling plan, by which the public may know about other candidates? If so, what? VERY MICH ALIKE. The returned heralds of the ex position, having toured Oregon with their message, bring word that the state at large is very receptive to the project and entirely willing to help. They bring word, as well, of the genuine hospitality that was everywhere accorded them, and of the battering down of such decrepit prejudices as may have lingered here arid there between other cities and the larger one on the Willam ette. This was a happy result, and could easily have been foreseen. If the dwellers of our sister coun ties, somewhat remote from. Mult nomah, found their visitors to be without horns and cloven hoofs, the pilgrims were likewise apprised that their hosts were not bumpkins, but good fellows and sterling citi zens. A Klamath Falls resident, we imagine, would speedily become a typical Portland enthusiast if he changed his home to this city so typical that you couldn't tell him from a member of the Ad club. On the other hand, a Portland busi ness man transplanted to Klamath Falls would instantly assume the hue and characteristics of his new environment, and defy detection from the home-grown variety. Oregonians are very much alike and have a great deal in common. The chief benefit of such a tour as that recently concluded is the mutual discovery of this truth. TOWARD A SCIENTIFIC TARIFF. The vote by which the senate ended the tariff debate was of the kind that ends all tariff debates. The makers of the bill were of sev eral minds as to its merits and de merits, but they agreed that it was the best that they could do and that, being the work of the repub lican party, it had a claim to their votes for the good of the party. Its opponents voted against it for va rious reasons relating to its spe cific provisions, but chiefly because it was a republican tariff and they were democrats. The partisan alignment of senators was empha sized rather than broken by the fact -that Borah voted against the bill, Broussard, Ransdell and Ken drick for.it, especially as two other republican dissentients. La Follette and Norris, did not enture to. vote as they think. More than any recent tariff de bate, that which hasjust closed has demonstrated that the difference between the parties is no longer as to whether the tariff should be pro tective, but as to which industries should be protected, and to what degree. Much of the democratic criticism and most of the repub lican criticism of the bill has been founded on the assertion that du ties were higher than necessary for the purpose of protection as set forth by its sponsors, namely, to offset the difference in cost of pro duction between this' country and competing countries. The most se vere democratic critics of the bill, either openly 'or by implication, ac cepted this as the proper basis for the tariff and then, by exhaustive discussion of German costs and American prices of German Im ports, undertook to prove that the rates were exoessive. That line of argument destroys the distinction between republican and democratic tariff principles, for it constitutes acceptance by democrats of the re publican principle and reduces the controversy to questions which eco nomic scientists and statisticians alone are competent to determine. Enactment of a tariff bill by the present congress can, be explained and defended by the habit of re vising Jie tariff when a repub lican succeeds a democratic admin istration, by the expectation that this would be done, and by the well recognized fact that, aside from its general policy, the Underwood law had been rendered obsolete by the war, and that the emergency law was but a patch to repair Its worst faults. With the exception of ultra protectionists like Representative Fordney, whose positions-of power in congress are not justified by their numbers, congress no sooner went to work than many members must have realized 4i.e unfitness, pton-. gress to do the job. The economic conditions on which the tariff must be based are in such a state of flux that, in order to be effective as a means of protection and as a source of revenue, it must be subject to revision in detail from week to week, at least, and in addition to giving protection and providing revenue, it has become an instru mentality of foreign trade. It can be made to meet all these require ments by no other means than an administrative body, constantly at work in ascertaining the' facts to which duties should be adapted and In adjusting duties to them. Hence the best assurance of real progress In tariff-making is to be found in those provisions of the bill that authorize the president to raise or lower duties within wide limits, and which empower the tariff com mission to . ascertain and report facts to him. Though the commis sion is not permitted to recommend Jchanges of duty no doubt exists that the president would seek and almost invariably follow its ad vice. In that way we may arrive at a scientific tariff a congress made tariff will never deserve that name. FOR A SECOND TERM? Mr. Harding is finding out that the presidency is no easy job. But he knew that before. He went into It with his eyes open, for as a sen ator he had exceptional opportu nities to see and weigh the vast burdens placed upon the executive He knew exactly what happened to Woodrow Wilson and why it hap pened. He knew that the problems of Wilson's successor would be ter rific and that the wear and tear on his nerves, conscience, intelll gence and body would be appalling. Yet he became a candidate for president and was elected. It is pleasant to believe that he was inspired more by a sense of duty than by mere personal ambition. The fact that President Harding does hot want a second term, or is indifferent to it, will be a powerful factor in bringing about a situation where he will be a candidate for re-election, and in re-electing him It is the best possible sign that he is not playing politics with his great office. It is the best possible assur ance of his fitness for it. It is the testimony of those about him that no single act of President Harding's has in view its effect upon his fortunes as a candidate His position on the bonus bill is one well-nigh conclusive evidence of it. A politician at the White House would, be standing on the steps ready to receive and sign bonus legislation whenever it left congress. Mr. Harding is lacking in some qualities of greatness, but he is aa great as he thinks he is, or greater That helps a lot. He Is a good man, with a fine Intelligence, val uable experience, real dignity, ob vious sincerity, demonstrated im partiality and a genuine desire to serve all alike. The public has not lost faith in him and is not likely to. Some day the president of the United States will be eligible to a single term only say of five or six years and then he will be under no temptation to act as a candidate and not as president, and can worry through to a definite time when he can know that his work will be done. OUR FEATHERED ALLIES. But for his feathered allies, the Wrds.nan mferht soon be driven to tie wall by innumerable hordes of his grotesque enemies, the insects. Indeed, save for the same aid, he might never have attained civiliza tion, and would today have been what he was a million years ago a savage hunter in skins. The jus tice of this homage is generally comprehended, and is now reflected ivv laws for the protection of bird friends, but to the layman its proof remains much of a mystery. The tsrly Mormons in Utah firmly be- ieved that heaven itself sent to their fields, attacked by myriad grasshoppers, . the great flight of gulls which saved their harvest and tLeir colony. However timely and providential was the coming of the gulls, there was nothing of the mi laculous about It. They obeyed a natural law and took food where they found it. The instance is but one of the many wherein birds came to the rescue in the stroke of time. The biological survey, in collect ing specific data regarding the local suppression of agricultural pests by birds, has assembled a number of well-authenticated and important tecords regarding feathered inter cession on behalf of American farmers. These form a convincing brief for the protectionof insecti- rous birds, who in the pursuit of fare render us a service beyond es timate. The instances therein cited conclusively prove that our allies are ever on the alert to descry an invasion of Insect pests for the sufficient reason that to them such an attack means abundant fpod to be obtained at a minimum of effost. The blackbird is too helpful a follow ever to be baked In a pie. In the plagues of migratory locusts throughout the Rocky mountain region, recorded intermittently for many seasons during the greater part of the 19th century, it was he blackbirds who rallied to he de fense, here and there, of certain in fested tracts and saved them from denudation. The thoroughness of their methods, which for lack of Lumbers alone was unavailing to suppress the insect advance. Is at tested by a field observer, who nar rates that in one Instance "a garden was attacked by an innumerable host of minute locusts. The owner battled bravely with them for a while, but at last, giving up in de- tpair, eat down to watch the prog ress of destruction. Suddenly a f'ock of blackbirds alighted on the young cottonwoods In his yard. Presently they flew into the garden. When they left, and hour or so after, the dreaded hoppers were gone and his garden saved." The yellowhead blackbird is com mon throughout the prairie states. Tt chanced that the spring of 1865 in Nebraska was ideal for the hatching of locusts, and that the young insects speedily took posses sion of the grain fields destroying some to the last blade, and heavily damaging others. Into this parlous p'tuation the yellowhead thrust his inquisitive beak, and sent the tid ings near and far. The arrival of vast flocks of blackbirds, sum moned from districts where insect food was not so plentiful, alone made possible a harvest that year. ffba ill deer iptovertjiouj&aot in tipch numbers, rendered equally! valuable service, while quail and p. airie cuiv;At;iis pruvea nie-ir p tT verbial fondness for a fat hopper. A. field obslrver noted among the tirds which repelled this attack various species of blackbirds, many plovers, quail, curlew, prairie chicken, occasionally larks (the horned lark), orioles, ' sparrtews, bobolinks and robins. It was estimated, so- great , was r.he(hatching of locusts that spring, that the average production of in fant Insects was more than 300 to the square foot. By the magnitude of such numbers one is enabled to understand how complete and de vastating can be the effect of insect appetite upon cultivated lands. Near the end of May the insects hatched, but -in the districts where the yel lowheads, the prairie chicken .and the quail were on guard scarcely a aocust was to be found by. the middle of June. The same yeoman service has been performed, in re t ent years, in the wheat fields of the Dakotas by gulls and tern as well as by blackbirds, of all varie ties, v "The testitmony," concludes W. Li. McAtee, of the biological survey, "proves that' birds render valuable assistance even in the case of in sect infestation so serious that al most all of the crops over enormous areas are destroyed. The evidence leaves no doubt, that in many in stances birds ' exterminated the lecusts In restricted localities, and that it was due to their work alone that crops were secured in these areas." .Now, there . is the English spar row a most conceited and upstart little scoundrel by common acclaim. But, on the other hand, there is the dread cicada or seventeen-year lo cust. Nature doubtless intends his sparrowship to be a ferocious foil for this particular insect, inasmuch; as the bird appears to be deeply an tagonistic to the cicada. "Where- ever the English sparrow has been introduced the periodical cicada is doomed," declares J. B. Smith, in his "Economic Entomology." He ras observed that the sparrows seem "to have an intense hatred for the insects, attacking and pulling them to pieces in the most wanton manner. Near the large ' cities where sparrows are numerous en tire broods have already been de stroyed. In 1889 the insects ap peared in large numbers in Pros pect park, Brooklyn, and in the surrounding woodland, but in an entire day's careful search I found only a single branch containing eggs." The cicada, afflicted with a consuming hunger, emerges from the soil after his long nap. " He comes by thousands, digging up to funlight and destiny. Destiny is ready for him. Flocks of enthusi astic birds, particularly blackbirds, are patrolling his nurseries and snapping up the young cicadas as rapidly as they appear. Chicadees in the orchard twirl ing nimbly about like wee gym nasts, are there for a very prac tical purpose the capture of enough green aphids to satisfy a very lively appetite. Warblers and nuthatches, too, are indefatigable exterminators of insect pests, while ho rose-breasted grosbeak and the cliff swallow like nothing better than a dinner of Colorado potato beetles. The cedar-bird is gastro nomically devoted to tent-caterpillars, and any number of birds1 ap prove of gipsy moths as a diet.' In brief, there seem to be but few pests that have not a natural en emy, or several, in the bird world and which, but for that enmity, would long since have discouraged the growing of food. These truths have led to many efforts, and with some . sucpess, to attract birds to agricultural localities. Birds evince a keen appreciation of friendship and protection. To attract them, to rally them to the standard of civilization, is by no tiieans difficult. Protection against enemies, provision of food during lean seasons, placing of nesting boxes, and plentiful supplies of water for bathing and drinking, will insure the grateful attendance of he birds. And while being prac tical one can, if so inclined, be as prettily sentimental about them as any poet. For the birds are worthy of sentiment as they are worthy of economic recognition. There is a young fellow in thaf part of Oklahoma that used to be the Nation" going to become the richest squawman in the land. His Indian bride has an income of $1200 a day from oil. In spite of that, his dreams may be of scalping knives and tomahawks. 1 Just at present there is a surplus of crude oil and ten years from now, when it is scarce, we will be looking back and speaking of this period as "the good old days." While Grandfather John holds the purse- strings, those marriages in Switzerland and elsewhere may be deferred. His money is patri otic, to say the least. , "As solid as a brick" is historical; but now they are said to be making what they call "bricks'.' with all kinds of substitutes for clay and straw. , The Germans are said to .have learned the. secret of -how to fly like birds in motorless gliders. Still aping the eagle. : Every girl who does not win can rest assured she will be the prettiest ever to- some young fellow. And that's what counts. It does a man good sometimes to laugh "until he chokes.'?. That is the idea of clean, humor. It is good medicine. If an arsonist is not at work on the east side, some remarkable fires have developed without reasonable explanation. , Whenever the police can't solve a crime wave they have a good alibi now in blaming it on the movies. : , ' The Rogue river pear ' crop is coming on bigger than ever and eastern people will consume it, as usual. v Here's a chance for the local lens louse' A company has ar rived to film scenes on the Willam ette. . Idaho will be making political bistoryUoda.y, The Listening Post. By DeWltt Hairy. THE world did not know much about fighting in 1898. Though the nations and tribes on the face of the slobe had devoted a great deal of their time to battles since the days of Cain and Abel and had made some progress, scientific slaughter did not come into vogue until a later period. A resident of Portland, who was a salty gob dur ing the Spanish-American war, and who also had some first-hand ex perience with this latest of wars, was making a little etudy in con trasts the other day. Of cour3a they really thought they knew something back' in those old days. "What back numbers we were, though," mused the old combatant; "what dubs. Why, we didn't know a thing about propaganda. I can't figure out how we' managed to win, or even how we managed to fight at all. There was so little secret service work, so few skilled operat ives at espionage. Of course there undoubtedly were spies, but real psychological sharks were' not yet made. Censorship, yes, to a slight degree, but not really, skilled like theyxthought they had during this last war, and who had ever heardi then, of the real deep stuff, such as breaking down the morale of a na tion by a studied campaign of innu erdo and distortion? "But take the rules of the game then how puny we were The battles were such smalt affairs.only a few hundred casualties at a time. No wholesale slaughter, no poison gas, no planes how did. we ever fight at all? We used to use the cld-fashioned key telegraph .nstru ments to communicate in thai field not even field phones. Mighty few armies or navies could do anything much these days without the help of wireless. "And we thought we were fight ing think of it! What a contrast between 1898 and 1918 two dvcades! The world certainly moved, but whether forward or backward is a matter of doubt." She was just an ordinary, white clad little cafeteria drudge, one. of a hundred or more similar ones in the city. She bustled about the place with a big bowl of soapy water and washed off the tables. She was not unusual in appearance, her features were good, but not especially fine. However, she was attractive, for she was happy, manifestly so, and did hot care who knew it. She smiled to herself as she went about her work and, being engaged with some manner of pleasant recollec tions, her work, hard and unpleas ing as it was, must have been easy for her that day. Unsuspected dimples played about the corners of her mouth as she scrubbed away with her greasy rag and her eyes wera bright and dreamy. She paid no attention to anyone in the place, had plenty to occupy her mind with her pleasant thoughts and her job. The man with his meat pie could not keep hi eyes off her face. There was romance here. His fork moved slowly as he watched, . fasci nated. The magnetism of the con stant gazing at last had it3 effect, She looked right at him, unseeing. Suddenly she became aware that she was being watched. Someone was invading her privacy, trying to catch her secret. Her eyes became cognizant of this fact and she re turned his glance with interest. The man with the meat pie somehow found that his fork was tickling his ear. He who carried but 30 cents would have been classed as a mighty poor sport a few years back, but condi tions are different now. Men don't carry a big roil of bills along as a matter of habit. Our real American used to always possess a wad of greenbacks, often encircled by a rubber band and the show of wealth was impressive. Modern banking has changed all this. It's not considered, a disgrace to b broke, in cash, now. The practice is to carry a handful of small Change in the pocket and" a check book for emergencies. Then again people are more frank than for merly. They will talk facts more than fancies. The bluffer who could get away with a front and empty pockets has found it does not pay. People have learned to see through subterfuges. . Some women are clever. This proof walked into a shoe store. She was comely and wanted to buy a pair , or oxtorcts. The clerK was puzzled when he discovered that, though she wore black silk hose, on one leg she had a tan stocking fitted over the black one with the foot cut out. The reason- for this odd garb was oon apparent. She did not know whether she wanted black or tan oxfords. When she tried on a black one she rolled the tan stocking up out of sight, and when she tried on a brown one lowered the tan stock ing to fit into the top of the oxford. The clerk managed to keep his head and made the sale. Truly this is the age of "Missouri" when . even babes and sucklings have to be "shown." A Portland business woman living in an east side apartment hjas made a loyal subject of her landlord's five-year-old son. The woman has had extensive stage experience and her bedtime stories get over en rapturingly. By way of variety and in the Interest of culture a recent narrative was the tragic history o Adam and Eve, told with dramatic fidelity to the record. Noting a brown silence on the part of the small auditor at the conclusion of the story, the woman said: "Well, how do you like that story; ;&n't it a good one?" "No-p-o," ' slowly ; and . ref lectively replied the venerable critic, "Sorter er er foolish." ' f Dear Sir: Didjacnow that one of the White Salmon saloons (I scream, of course) serves a delectable con coction of refreshment called the Billy Sundae? Yep, 'tis even so. It is full of good things, has a nutty flavor and sinks in. Lotta Slang is the dis penser. BILBATES. " Their meeting, it was sudden; . Their meeting it was sad. She sacrificed her sweet young life; Twas-altther41fd-6lie4iad, Those Who Come and Go. Talea of Folka at the Hotels. Eugene is probably the busiest little place in the state today, -e-clares Marion Veatch, who, with his wife, is a visitor in Portland and is registered at the Portland hotel. Mr. Veatch is a member of the firm of Gordon & Veatch, under takers. He has been in Eugene for several years, and as one of its prominent citizens has watched the city through periods of prosperity and hard times. "The usual fall activity preparatory to the opening of the university and the city schools is on in Eugene with a vengeance," he said. "Eugene is going to house the college students in the proper way," said Mr. Veatch, telling of numerous dwellings that are being fitted for student living. The de mand for apartments in Eugene will be supplied this winter, in the opinion of Mr. Veatch, and will be occupied to considerable extent by families- who accompany college students to that city for the school period. The new addition to Bartle Court apartments and the new annex to the Hotel Osburn, to be completed by November 1, were cited by Mr. Veatch as apartment accommoda tions of which Eugene is proud. Property is changing hands rapidly in his town, he said, and good values are being realized. Sixteen hundred people will be employed in Salem in the next month to help harvest and can the enormous crop of fruit and berries, according to Dr. Fred Ellis,' promi nent dentist of that place, who is registered with his wife and family at the Imperial hotel. People of the capital city are virtually In terested in the success of the fruit harvest, he said, and whenever the call is made for help in the can neries or wherever assistance is needed, the response is immediate. The Salem community lost thou sands of dollars on its' early berry crop because of prolonged dry weather, Dr. Ellis said, and a part of this loss will be made up by an especially good crop of blackberries, pears, prunes, peaches and other late fruits. All canning and pack ing plants are employing huge forces.he reported, and there is no excuse" a t this" season of the year for an able-bodied man to be with out work. People from all parts of the state are flocking to the capital city to find seasonal em ployment, he said, and if they are looking for work they will find it. Athletic fame follows Paul Wapato wherever he goes, and now he has come to Portland and is registered at the Imperial, putting Salem in the "from" column. Mr. Wapato was football coach last year at Lin coln high school and played with the Multnomah club football team and the Centenary Wilbur basket ball five, reporting sporting news on one of the Portland newspapers at the same time. He is classed as one of the be basketball players in the state. He received his start In athletics at Chemawa , school in Salem. He was graduated from Willamette university, and in 1920 was captain of the- varsity basket ball team there. ' E. R. Budd, manager of the rail road branch which runs to Ilwaco, Wash., spent yesterday in Portland and was at the Imperial. The town Mr. Budd represents, although it has only 1Q00 population, is not so un important as that might seem to imply, for it is situated , in Pacific county, in the very heart of the world's greatest cranberry pro ducing marshes. Its scenery, bath ing, boating, fishing and hunting, make it an attractive summer re sort. It is on Bakers bay, at the mouth- of the Columbia river, and combi-nes ships, fish and oysters with its cranberry industry. "Things begin to buzz in Ilwaco when cran berry season opens," said Mr. Budd. Stockmen from various points came into Portland yesterday with loads of cattle and hogs, bringing into the markets a large supply of livestock. Among those who came was Max Epstein of Blackfoot, Idaho, who is registered at the Ore gon. Ben F. Evans and F. A. Bid well of North Powder brought in a large load, as did N. E. Dodd of Haines and Sol Dickerson.of Nampa, Idaho. Livestock is in good condi tion at this season, stockmen report, in spite of hot weather and short pasturage. Th.6 Sunday family of Hood River was well represented in Portland yesterday with registrations at the New Perkins, but the famous "Billy" Sunday and "Ma" were absent, hav ing had their visit to the city a few weeks ago. The representatives this time were H. E. Sunday, brother or the evangelist, and Paul Sunday and "Billy" Jr., sons Of the preacher. Mrs. Clara Clain of San Francisco, sister of Clyde May, engineer of a local fire boat, who was drowned at Seaside August 16, arrived in Port land yesterday to attend her brother's burial. Mrs. Clain is a former resident' of Portland. sne will make her home here tem porarily at 8300 Fort,y-ninth street Southeast. Walter F. Mulligan, who was sta tioned near Portland during the war, reappeared yesterday in town and registered at the Multnomah. He is now allied with a bondhouse in New York city, and announces that he is planning an extended trip in the .near future, to study condi tions throughout the United States and European countries. Registrations for the general con vention of the Episcopal church, to be held in Portland from September 6 to September 23, with headquar ters at the Multnomah hotel, are ooming in fast. Stephen Baker, a prominent banker of New York city, is one of the latest important lay men to reserve accommodations., J. M. Bentley, who is ,an "old timer" from Pendleton and one of its famous ex-sheriff3, is in Port land for several days and a guest at the New Perkins hotel. Mr. Bentley is president of the Bentley Graham Insurance agency of the eastern Oregon city and plans to make an extended visit in Portland, j George . Wilbur, department com mander of the American Legion, is a Portland visitor. Mr. Wilbur hails from Hood River and is an attorney there, his trip to the city being on business. He is a veteran of .the Spanish-American war and also par ticipated in the late hostilities. Portland has another fire chief as its guest in the person of T. A. Clan cy of Milwaukee, Wis., who is ac companied by his wife. Mr. Clancy stopped in the city to visit the local fire department and was entertained by members during his stay. He wag registered yesterday at the Multnoman. Dr. R. W. Hendershott of Bend, a prominent physician of that place, was in Portland yesterday and put up at the Imperial. Candid Doctor. r Boston Transcript. "Are all those articles of food yOu prohibit injurious to my health?" asked the patient. "Oh, no." replied his physician, "but you've got to economize eome- IUiw4 arou'regoins; ijpayi-inyublillH- Burroughs Nature' Club. Copyright, Houghton-Mifflin C. Cam You Anawer These Questional 1. What makes phosphorescence in the sea? 2. Can a whale breathe under water? 3. Can any other birds but parrots and mockingbirds imitate other bird's notes? Answers in tomorrow's Nature Notes. Answers to Previous Questions. ' 1. Why is horseradish called by that name? The "horse" prefix has nothing to do with equines, except as the idea of a horse's size and strength has caused the use of the word as an adjective meaning large or coarse. Horseradish belongs bo tanically with the Cruciferae, or mustards. Horse chestnut and horse beans are similar cases of the prefix. 2. Why do bird's eat gravel, and why doesn't it hurt their insides? .- The seed-eating birds need the aid of the sharp gravel to cut or grind up the rather dry, hard substance of their food. ' The husk to seed is cracked in the bill, but no grinding done there. The walls of the stom ach of these birds are tough, con structed to withstand the friction of the sand. v 3. Are there any wild norses left in this country? Wild in the sense 'that escaped domestic stock may revert to a "wild" state. In Nevada at one time bands of roaming hnraaa wpta I so troublesome in running down do mestic cattle and calling off do mestic horses to join their vagrant bands, the law was temporarily re laxed to allow them to be shot. A good many escaped horses running wild are troublesome in areas, are like wld-life refugees and consti tute a problem. If they can be killed the way is at once opened for thiev ish hunters to kill also domestic horses and sell their hides. JAIL. FOR YOUTHFUL, SPEEDERS Responsibility of Parents in Trust ing Immature Driver. Spokane Spokesman-Review. Justice Mann's timely remarks as he sentenced a youthful speeder to jail are good counsel for many in dulgent parents. In this case, al though . the defendant had been fined before for reckless driving, and Justice Mann considered this case a most aggravated one, the mother of the youth and the mother of the girl in the speeding automo bile appeared in court and pleaded for leniency. q "Do you women realize that when you place an automobile in the hands of a careless child you are giving him the most, dangerous weapon known?" asked the justice. "Boys get the idea that if they get into trouble their folks will take care of them. We want to make the streets and highways safe". You have seen other boys sent to jail to day and this boy must go there." So long as "weak and thoughtless parents permit immature youths to take out the family automobile and go speeding on the streets and highways there can be no other curb than that so resolutely andj justly appiieu oy justice Mann. i ne easy and more pleasing course for a magistrate would be to administer a mild reprimand, but that weak course would not protect the public It would lead to ever increasing dls regard of the traffic regulations, with the inevitable resultant of grave and fatal accidents. Judges are employed to . enforce the laws, and when parents allow their youths to go speeding on the highways they should not expect leniency on grounds of youthful im pulsiveness and thoughtlessness. inOI.S REVEAL, FEET OF CLAV Married Happiness Seems Uncom mon in World Behind Screen. Astoria Budget. Is there no such thing .as married happiness in the, real life of movie heroes and heroines? Do these actors and actresses fake rormflice so much that they have lost their capacity for the genuine article? Such a conclusion is forced upon us. Today we read of the marriage of two screen stars and a word picture is painted of their nuptials that reminds one of the fadeaway happy ending of one of their thrill ing film dramas. Tomorrow they are in the divorce courts with stories of scandalous escapades, in fidelity and cruelty hurled back and forth. Apparently there are few excep tions. A few days ago it was an nounced that Gloria Swanson and her wealthy husband had come to the parting of the ways. On the same page was the story of the estrangement of Marshall Neilan and Blanche Sweet, who were mar ried not so many months ago. Yesterday news was flashed of the separation of Big Bill Hart, hero of a thousand western dime-novel scenarios, and Winifred Westover, his bride of a few months ago. And Winifred shatters the heroic con ception of Big Bill by relating how he behaved like a caveman, knock ing her down and dragging her about the rooms by the hair of her head. Verily, one by one our idols are revealing their feet of clay. ' QUEER QUIRK OF PRIMARY Candidates for Senator Xot Repre '' sentatlve Republicans. Yakima Republic. It is an interesting fact that of all the candidates struggling for the republican nomination for United States senator, not one is a more than - skin-deep republican. Poin dexter was born and brought up a democrat, held an office as a demo crat, went on the bench as a non partisan, came off a "progressive" office seeker and finally landed in the republican camp. George Stev enson held a federal office under Cleveland and later acquired his republicanism through association with Boss Crocker and the railroad lobbyists. Judge Griffiths bolted in 1912 and had charge of the third party campaign in the state. Mrs. Axtell does not pretffnd to know what party she belongs to. She held a federal appointment under Wilson Ballaine and Lamping are nomi nally republicans, but both are mak ing the'r appeal to the radical and discontented elements of the state, and the latter is understood to bo the candidate of William R. Hearst, the democratic newspaper magnate Not one of these people would have a look-in for a nomination of any kind in any convention of represen tative republicans, yet by virtue of the direct primary system one will be given the highest office in the state this fall by the party and in cidentally will be chargedwith re sponsibility for republican policies thereafter. Great thing, the pri-maryi More Truth Than Poetry. By Jamrs J. Montague. THK BOLSHEVIK. How doth the busy Bolshevik Improve each shining hour By drowning in the nearest creek Those who dispute his power! How much he talks of equal rights. But. when he holds full eway. He unrestrainedly delight To shoot and kill ana alay. When he was In the moujlk stage, . Before he ruled the roost. With outbursts of unbridled rage All power he traduced. He held that property was wrong And money was a snare. The burden of his savage song Was. "Swat the millionaire!" But now that he has got the cash The government once had, The property he held was trash He finds it not so bad. And any man will jeopardize His family, life and limb, Who, in his folly, ever tries To pry it off of him. "Equality" Is something which (The Bolshevik is sure) Was given him to make him rich And other people poor. , And, now that he has got enoug'h. He'll make it his cpdeavor To bar such socialistic stuff From Russia's soil forever. Tough. None of Mr. Lenlne'a deaths-liana thus far proved fatal. Hard to Establish. The open shop is not very open!' arrived at. r-uranlng Contests Canada's breweries are prospering to an unprecedented extent Where do you suppose she finds all the new customers? If Tears Must Be. By Grace E. Hall. If tears must be. let them be tears of laughter; If we must weep, then let us weep for joy. Where sparkling raindrops fall, flowers spring up after; When gold is pure, there is no base alloy. Tears drawn In pain are acid, hot and galling; Sobs that tear the heart leave red scars of despair. But tears of Joy are crystal rain drops falling In sweet refreshing showers every where. The world is just a garden old, and growing A million weeds to every lovely bloom; But with each smile a fertile seed we're sowing To grow a fragrant blossom In the gloom. In Other Days. Fifty Years Ago. From The Oregonian of August 22, 1B72. New York. John Garry killed Maggie Frit by striking her on the head with a bludgeon. It had been reported she died of sunstroke. Havana. The American and Eng lish consuls are busily engaged in hunting up testimony regarding the Alabama claims which will be sub mitted to the Geneva arbitrators by telegraph. The public schools of the city yill open next Monday morning. Twenty-five Yenrs Ago. From The Oregonian of August 22. 1897." Cleveland. Senator M. A. Hanna returned today from a three weeks' yachting cruise. He looked the per fect picture of health and said that he never felt better in his life. After the manner of the unlucky Chicago areonaut, silver appears to be tangled In the guy ropes with ho parachute at hand to check ita fall. The work of putting tip the new Y. M. C. A. building at Fourth and Yamhill streets will be pushed to completion rapidly. Water Snpply of Parkrose District. PARKROSK, Or., Aug. 21. (To the Editor.) A news story in The Ore gonian on August 20 states that the present water supply for the Park rose district is Inadequate. This fs contrary to the fact. The facilities are ample to cover the territory the system was originally laid out for, and with few exceptions an abund ant supply of good water has been furnished during the past dry sea son. A large area of the newly formed Park rose water district is not piped and was never intended to be supplied by the above-mentioned system, and it is now pro posed by the newly elected water commission to bond the district to the extent of $50,000 or $60,000 and take in the unsupplled land. In other words, we who have water under contract for a period of years at reasonable rates are to have a lien placed on our property to give water to other parties who bought acreage without expectation of paying for any supply. I am writing this to correct any wrong impresssion which, might be made by the item in question re garding the opposition mentioned to the proposed bond issue. HARVEY F. DAVlBUiN. Costs in Recount Case. PORTLAND. Aug. 19. (To the Editor.) As a matter of informa tion, would you be kind enough to state how the expense of the re count carried on at the insistence of Mr. Hall will be apportioned? It would be interesting to ail tax payers, surely, to know what pro portion will be Dorne Dy mem. it the entire recount shows as little result as would seem probable at this time, do the taxpayers have to bear the burden of Judges' salaries. etc.? Of course, tne amount oi amusement the general public got out of the recent recount is worth something and it would be inter esting to know how the amount it cost compares with the amount the circus, will take out of town. I. M. UiKlilA)US Mr. Hall- posted a bond of $2000 to cover costs of the recount. In cluding attorney fees. Had he won. the court would have assessed tne costs against Olcott, though the lat ter was not required to give bond. The judges are paid by taxpayers whether they hear divorce cases, murder trials or recount proceed ings, or bask in the sun. Pronunciation of nh-Knh-Me. TILLAMOOK, Or.. Aug. 20. (To the Editor.) What is the correc t pronunciation of "Neah-Kah-Nie"? I have heard it pronounced as if spelled "Ne-Kar-Nie." SUBSCRIBER. "Ne-a-Kah-Nie," with the accent on the third syllable. The sound of "r" has no proper plica- in the pro nunciation. '