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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 28, 1922)
TIIE MORXIXG OREGOXIAX, FRIDAY, JULY 28, 1922
ESTABLISHED BV HENRY L. MTTOCK
Published by The Oregonian Pub. Co.,
135 Sixth Street. Portland. Oregon.
;C. A. MORDEN, B. B. PIPER.
, . I.-.,;.
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JUST A CLOAK-BOOH YAKJi
The theory of Senator McCumber
that the republican party was
driven from power In 1912 through
a conspiracy of the American press'
Is as Billy as It is novel. The mo
tive of the newspapers, according
to McCumber, ' was obviously re
venge, for the congress refused to
put newsprint and wood pulp on
the free list.
The late defeat o f Senator
McCumber has had a bad effect on
him. He ignores the incontrovert
ible record, and attempts to substi
tute for it a strange yarn emanat
ing In the trifling gossip of the
cloak room. Two men representing
the American Newspaper Publish
ers' association threatened that the
republican party would be "driven
from power" if it did not accede'to
their demands, and one of them is
said to have promised to make Joe
Cannon president if he "stood in"
or to destroy him if he did not.
These two lobbyists are dead, and
it appears opportune for the North
Dakota senator. to tell his story.
Mr. Cannon was neither made
president nor destroyed; the. first
could not have been done If it had
been attempted and the second did
The republican party was beaten
in 1912 because the republican
party was split wide open between
progressives and regulars. The
Roosevelt bolt beat Taft, and
Colonel Roosevelt bolted as a con
sequence of a series of happenings
within the party, with Which wood
pulp and the tariff on newsprint
had nothing whatever to do. Was
Roosevelt the instrument that the
American papers used to defeat
Taft? Not even McCumber will
say 30. The newspapers which
usually supported the republican
party divided according to their in-'
clinations more of them, probably,
staying with Taft than followed the
banner or rcooseveix.
The Balllnger-Plnehot episode,
the Payne-Aldrlch tariff, the insur
gent movement, the Roosevelt-Taft
quarrel, and similar episodes split
the republican party and caused its
disastrous defeat in 1912. The truth
is well known aBd it Is strange that
anv one. even a senator, should
OCB POSITION TOWARD THE
If any Americans think that be
cause the United States refused to
become a member of the league of
nations it has failed to function
they would be undeceived by read
ing the Second Year Book of the
league, prepared by Dr. Charles H.
"Levermore and published by the
Brooklyn Eagle. . It has performed
such valuable service in preventing
or adjusting international disputes
as has already justified its exist
ence. It probably prevented a
European war by arranging the
partition of Upper Silesia between
. I ' U T'l 1 J J . L. 1 . .
the Aaland island dispute, between
Sweden and Finland, and it stopped
invasion of Albania, hv tha .Tnern-
felavs. Through conference at
Barcelona it has . brought about
agreement on unobstructed trans
portation, which had become im
perative since many new frontiers
" have been established. It organ
ized the nations to stop epidemics
in eastern Europe, and it repat-
has also established the world
court, which is ready to try suits
The league gets along without
the United States, though it could
certainly get along better with us.
OrtA nf itji commission aa emno n
work in earnest on a general plan
of proportionate! reduction of arm-
ies, but adoption of such a plan bs
individual nations is certainly con
tingent on the course of events in
Germany and Russia. Until Ger
many complies fully with the dis
armament terms of the treaty and
crushes the menace of monarchy.
and until Russia delivers itself from
, bolshevism and sets up a civilized,
democratic government, disarma
ment of other nations cannot go as
- xar as it snouia.
Settlement of international debts
is the next number on the pro
gramme, for this nation as well
as those of Europe, and it will
surely involve us in the settlement
between the allies and Germany.
If the outcome of the impending
negotiations should be that Ger
. many manes me reparation pay.
. ments to which it will be finally
bound, that country would be ad
mitted to the league. At the same
iiixio mer ujiiiou oiams would nave
a very definite interest in the finan-
ciui siauiuiY tit miuusi an .curopean
nations, therefore In their peaceful
relations, for upon these conditions
will depend the ability of those na
tions to pay us. Then the United'
States and Russia would be coupled
league, and we should have a real
. nnHnnal Interact in Vi tao.a et
Europe, preservation of which
; American memDersmp in tne
- league is therefore likely to become
a very practical question of foreign
" policy, at no distant day, and we
shall be required to view it in a
very different light from that in
that time President Wilson held It
forth to us as the means of saving
the world from war. In the near
future it is likely to appear as a
means of preserving from destruc
tion by war the assets of nations
that, are' heavily in our debt as a
sort of insurance against war.
When thus viewed, the league may
appear so valuable to us that most
of the objections raised by the irre
concilables will strike us as unrea
sonable, and the members would
doubtless meet any reasonable ob
jections that we might raise.
If "the finances of Multnomah
county had been better managed
and conserved, there would doubt
less have been money enough on
hand to make good the promise of
the highway commission to stand a
share of the cost of the Mount Hood
loop. It may be conceded that the
situation is awkward made all the
more so by the action of the tax
supervision commission some time
ago , in eliminating the loop appro
priation from the county budget
Yet the county litis pledged itself
to provide the funds and it should
not permit itself to stand before the
state with its word broken, Its- fair
The Mount Hood loop road is a
magnificent project, in a way to
completion if all concerned do their
part. The government Is doing its
share; so is the state; and so has
Clackamas county done. Only
Multnomah has failed with
out deliberate Intention, doubt
less,' to back' out of an honest bar
gain, and because there lias been
unexpected Interference with its
plans. The failure is nevertheless
a fact, or will be, unless the com
missioners find a way to redeem
their pledges. They should not rest
until they have found a way to do
it . - '
' An erroneous Impression is said
to be gairJng headway that under
the provisions of the proposed
graduated income tax the property
owner would be privileged to off
set against his Income tax the tax
assessed against his property. In
other words, that the man who
pays $100 property tax and is as
sessed $100 on his Income would
pay only $100; or that the man as
sessed $100 on his property and
$150 on his income would be re
quired to pay only $50 income tax
by reason of the tax on his prop
erty. There Is nothing whatever in-the
text of the measure to justify this
Impression. Whatever the property
owner is assessed on his property
he would be required to pay in full;
and whatever he is assessed on his
income he will be required to pay
without deduction on account of
..The proposed state law does not
even permit deduction of taxes'
from gross income, as permitted
by the 'iederal income tax law.
Under the federal law the property
owner in computing his net income
may deduct from the gross the sum
paid out by him In property taxes.
Under the proposed state law he
may not do so. Unless the property
tax is paid on income property. . In
short the state law would require
the home owner to pay income tax
on his property tax. -
The proceeds from the state
graduated Income tax law would
go exclusively to the general fund
of the state.. It does not repeal the
several state millage taxes now as
sessed against property. It would
reduce or take the place only of
that portion of the state tax which
is applied chiefly to legislative ap
propriations. That amount in 1923
cannot, according to estimate, be
more than $3,800000.
Translated to mills, that would
mean a maximum reduction in the
property rate of aa average of 8.8
mills; The total property tax in
Portland hovers around 40 mills.
If the maximum property tax re
duction possible under the income
tax were achieved, the man with
an assessable income of $1000 and
a home assessed at $1500 or $2000
would have his property tax re
duced $5.70 or $7.60 but he would
have to pay an income tax of $10.
Here is a fairly common ru-tf
citizen. For him the law" would
have an effect directly opposite t
that commonly represented.
PAGE ON WILSON AT WAR.
The most severe criticism
President Wilson's obstinate per
sistence in neutrality during the
first half of the war came from his
own ambassador to London the
man. who felt every heart-throb of
the allies and who from the first
saw clearly and told frankly that
the stake was not commercial or
naval supremacy or colonies but
the very democratic institutions
which Americans prize most. That
is brought out in Walter H. Page's
letters written after tlie dismissal
of Bernstorff and during the month
after the United States declared
war, published in the August
World's Work. The decision was a
cause of profound satisfaction to
Page. It marked adoption of a policy
which he had urged for two years
with unassailable logic, with In
tense devotion to freedom and
humanity, with clear insight into'
the consequences of German vic
tory. But in the moment of victory
over Wilson, for such was the
president's adoption of the course
that he had recommended, . Page
was not deceived.
When Bernstorff was dismissed
Page saw that war. was inevitable
and began preparation for full co
operation - with the allies. On
March 25, 1917, he wrote to his
son Arthur: f
The impression here becomes stronger
every day that we shall go Into the war
"with both feet" that the people have
pushed the president over in spite of his
vision of the great peacemaker, and that.
being pushed over, his idea now will be
to show how he led them into a glorious
war in defense ot- democracy.
Even then he underestimated
Wilspn's blind obstinacy. Franklin
K. Lane's letters have revealed that
down to about the datevof that let
ter of Page, Wilson, backed by
about' half of his cabinet, was still
holding out for armed neutrality,
in spite of the actual beginning of
unrestrained submarine war on
American ships, of the Zimmerman
note to Mexico and of the dire
straits of the allies. In a private
memorandum written on April 1,
the day before Wilson called on
congress to declare war, Page wrote
this condemnation of Wilson:
The president began by refnsing to un
derstand the meaning of the war. , . .
In the beginning h bad. made gut-far .at
It was possible neutrality a positive
quality of mind. He would not move
from that position.
That was his first error of Judgment.
And by Insisting on this he soothed the
peoplti sat them In comfortable chairs
and said: "Now stay there." He really
suppressed speech and thought.
The second error he made was in
thinking he could play a great part as
peacemaker come and give a blessing to
these erring children. This was strong in
his hopes and ambltiona There was a
condescension in this attitude that was
He ehut himself up with these two
ideas and engaged in what he called
"thought." The air currents of tl) world
never ventilated his mind.
This inactive position he has kept as
long as public sentiment permitted. He
seems no longer to regard himself -nor to
speak as a leader only as the mouth
piece of public opinion after public opin
ion has run over him.
He has not breathed a spirit Into the
people; he has encouraged them to au
pineness. He Is not a leader but rather
a stubborn phrasemaker. , ,
And now events ne the aroused peo
ple seem to have brought the president
to the necessary point of action;' and
even now he may act timidly. . r
If that and much to the same
general effect that had been writ
ten by Page during the two pre
ceding years had been said by a
republican it would have been
heavily discounted as being colored
by partisan prejudice, but it was
written by a democrat, an Intimate
personal friend of Wilson, whom
he had sent on the most important
foreign embassy. It is the opinion
deliberately formed by a man. who
saw truth of awful import to all
mankind, on a man who refused to
see and act, upon that truth.
Having no faith In Wilson's judg
ment. Page had abounding faith in
that of the American people, for
he wrote to his' eon: .
X never lost faith in the American peo
ple. It Is now clear that 1 was right in
feeling that they would have gladly come
in any time after the Lusitania crime,
middle west in the front, and that the
German has not made any real .impres
sion on the American nation. He was
made a bugaboo and worked for all he
was worth by Bernstorff, and that's the
whole story. We are as Anglo-Saxon as
e ever were. If Hughes had had sense
and courage enough to. say: "I'm for war,
war to save our honor and to save de
mocracy," he Would now be president. If
Wilson had said that, Hughes would have
carried no Important state in the union.
The suppressed people would have risen
to either of them.
Effects of the same errors of
judgment that Page found in Wil
son's neutrality policy appeared in
his war and peace policies. Even
after war was declared he planned
to go In at his leisure two years
later and only the imminence of
the - allies' utter collapse shook
him into energetie action. He was
deceived by the German revolution
into belief that the whole German
nation had in a month been con
verted to democracy, therefore
granted an armistice before an
alien soldier stood on German soil.
He resumed his part as peacemaker
and foredoomed himself to failure
by making peace and formation of
a league of nations a party, even a
personal, "achievement. Page looked
forward to nine beneficent effects
of the war on this country, which
he forecast in a letter to his son.
As we look back, we can see how
far we have fallen short of real
izing Page's hopes, for we have re
lapsed into' aloofness and, having
saved a mangled continent from
German barbarism, have left It to
shift for Itself and to heal its
wounds as best it can. To avert
these evils, tp start Germany and
the Hapsburg dominions firmly as
democracies' and to league the na
tions for prevention of war; it was
necessary that the same co-operation
of the whole American, people
that was effected for war should
have, been extended- through the
period of peacemaking and world
reorganization. Wilson's narrow
ness, selfishness, partisanship, ego
tism prevented this by "provoking to
activity the same vices in others,
thus making into a subject of fierce
partisan controversy a noble work
in, which' the whole nation should
Uhave united. The occasion called
for another Lincoln, but he was
not to be found.
HABRIXAN, THE MASTER BUILDER.
Though decisions of the supreme
oourt have torn apart the great
merger of railroads which E. H.
Harriman formed, the greatest and
m6st beneficent part of Harriman's
work remains, and could only be
undone by return to the neglect
and mismanagement that prevailed
before he became supreme. How
great was this work- and what
genius inspired the man who ac
complished it is well told in George
Kennan's biography of Harriman.
An ardent admirer and defender
of the man, Kennan calls him "the
master builder," and it is as such
that he will -be -remembered by his
works', rather than as the stdrm
center of a campaign against' mo
nopoly and of a personal contro
versy with President Roosevelt.
His early training in business was
connected with speculation, for he
began as messenger and continued
as a Clerk to . a New York stock
broker, and became a stock broker
himself, laying the foundation of
his fortune in that business. Yet
his' biographer says that he never
speculated, and from the day when
he became an active force in the
direction of railroads, his chief in
terest was in their .physical recon
struction and their financial sound
ness. Every railroad that' came under
his control was the better for it, not
only from the standpoint of divi
dends to the owners but from that
of economical service to the public
That was true of the little railroad
in New York state, on which he
first tried his hand. . It was true In
larger measure of the Illinois Cen
tral, of which he became a director
in 1883 and which he embarked on
a campaign of extension and Im
provement and . In connection, with
which he won his first battle with
me eider, j. r. morgan, it was
magnificently true of the Union
Pacific and. Southern Pacific sys
tems. Born, bred, educated and
trained in business in or around
New York and in an atmosphere of
speculation, he became the peer of
James J, Hill and of the pioneer
railroad-builders as a driving force
in development of the west by pro
viding it with that first essential-
transportation. He could not be
content with dealing in stocks and
bonds the paper symbols of a rail
road but must get to grips with
the material, thing itself.
His great opportunity came with
the reconstruction of the Union Pa
cific, whichhe found bankrupt,
swamped with debt, so physically
run down that it could not increase
traffic and net earnings to the
point of solvency. His ambition to
rebuild this wreck,' his confidence
in his ability to do it, led him to
solicit a part in reorganization of
the company, and his victory over
Morgan marked him, jia.-a valuable
friend but a dangerous enemy. He
blocked the reorganizers" plans till
they acceded to his demand that
he be made chairman of the execu
tive committee. Other new in
vestors were -rather scared at the
sight of what they had bought;
Harriman saw an opportunity to
enhance its value and bought all
the stock he could acquire at the
prevailing low price. He went over
the road by daylight in 1898, saw
its needs and amazed the officials
by his mastery of detail, so that the
general manager remarked: "He's
a comer." He won the confidence
of the directors By proving that he
knew more about the road and its
needs than all the rest of them to
gether, by" his confidence, his will
power, by - the Indefinable thing
called personality, and they let him
pour money into making the Union
Pacific the splendid system it Is
today. He sought new worlds to
conquer, and performed the same
feat with the Southern Pacific.
Within a few years he made these
two roads, t$ne bankrupt, the other
unprofitable, pay dividends of 10
per cent on tne Union Pacific, 5
per cent on the Southern Pacific.
He made an immense fortune, for
the man who In 1898 bought 100
shares of Union Pacific for $1600
received $21,900 in dividends and
increased value in eight and a half
years and was receiving 63 per cent
on his investment, but Kennan
says: . : " . .
When Mr. Harriman invested his money
in a worn-out railroad, he expected to
earn by personal labor and skill the
profit that he anticipated and he did
earn it. No one now questions the fact
that ho was virtually the create of the
eorganiaed Union Pacific: and if he made
millions out of it, he added at the same
time hundreds of millions to the value of
the property of other men and widened
Immensely the area of human happiness
Harriman's passion for efficiency
led him on to combine severe.! rail
roads into great systems, then with
steamship lines. Having extended
his power half way across the con
tinent, then across the Pacific
ocean, and acquired interests In
eastern lineg, he sought to acquire
railroad In Manchuria with a
view of forming a round-the-world
system. He grew to a power in the
railroad world at the very juncture
when the people were turning to
governmental regulation to preserve
Competition and remove the evils of
unrestrained competition. This
movement was in conflict with his
remedy for those evils, which was
by combination to end competition.
His quarrel with Roosevelt, the in
quiries into his actions and the
anti-merger suits were results of an
inevitable collision between two
ideas. If he had lived on, he would
have seen his combination broken
up, but he would also have seen
congress legislate to attempt con
solidation while preserving compe
tition. Contrary to the spirit of the time
as was Harriman's policy of com
bination, he was without equal as a
constructive genius, "nor did he
build in order to amass wealth. He
regarded money reward as a natural
incident to his work and as the
means of doing more work of the
same kind. From his early man
hood he fostered and gave liberally
to the Boys' club in New York city,
he placed all his energy and the re
sources of his railroads at the ser
vice of burned San Francisco, he
spent millions In driving' the Colo
rado river back from the Imperial
valley, and one of his last acta was
to give a great park in the Ramapo
hills with a million dollars( for its
maintenance to-New York state.
Orily the lapse of years can calm
the popular passions that he pro
voked, dissipate the cloud of preju
dice that obscures his fame and win
for him full recognition as the
master builder that he was..
The east may be cultured and all
that, but is it courteous? "In the
west," 3 observes the Philadelphia
Public Ledger, "a motor driver may
go from one state to another and
move in and out of cities without
orrce feeling, as he often feels in the
east, that he is constantly under
the eye of an unfriendly law." The
wesf is still hospitable, as it was
in the days when "Stranger, "light
and eat" was its shibboleth, and
tourists each day attest the fact
that for minor traffic Infractions,
the, errors of a pardonable igno-
ranee, they are most pleasantly
dealt with. Not all of hospitality
consists of invitation. The fine old
art of making folks feel at home
must be in evidence before the visi
tor even realizes the intent to be
The daughter of Rockefeller who
was a Mccormick until the court
cut the tie objects to being gazed
at and is building a epite fence
aroun'd- her Chicago suburban
home. She lacks her dad's stub
bornness to let them "rubber."
If the man who "inadvertently"
started the Herman creek blaze,
and is serving a 90-day sentence,
develops into an active I. W. W.,
something should be found to hold
him until the forest grows again.
In Tacoma they pay fancy prices
for "smuggled" furs and arrest the
smugglers when the bargains de
velop into cat and rabbit skins.
That can happen anywhere, though.
The disinherited son of Powder
Dupont. is working as a strike
breaker In a Delaware railroad
shop. He did not blow up .and
could do worse.
"Hands off!" says the British
government to searchers for liquor
outside the three-mile limit. Where
the union jack flies, there is Brit
The nerson walkina nn tha wrnnc
side ot a paved road has no re
course if- he survives. The right"
side is the left side.
Science's next "stunt" must be
to lighten the fogs eo steamships
can navigate Puget sound without
The wrong man got paralyzed
when he ate a dozen eees at Yak
ima. That, distinction belonged to
Harold McCormick ought to be
scared when he learns the madame
can say "Damn" as good as a man.
wealthy people are fair game. A
Rothschild is being sued fpr breach
or promise. - -
A word should be invented to
replace "dam," which sounds worse
than it looka.
The Listening Post.
By DeWitt Harry.
A DELICIOUS morsel of gossip
has been rolling around on the
tongues of some prominent local
matrons for the past week and just
has come to the official notice of
this department. As a general rule
this sort of stuff moves faster. The
story leaked out, no matter how, for
it was thought safely bottled up.
About a month or more ago a
well-stocked Irvington cellar was
raided during the absence of the
owner. He vowed dire vengeance.
Last week there was a dinner party
at this home with some five couples
attending. After the meal the men
went downtown to a lodge meeting.
On, their return, they were surprised
to find no one in the lower rooms
or the house, and as they were
searching a roughly dressed group
of masked figures took them by
surprise, the leaders gruffly order
ing "hands up."
One- of the men, knowing of fhe
robbery but a few days before, here
saw a chance to get the leader of
the invading gang and threw' a
heavy candlestick at his head, lay
ing htm out. The rest of the men,
thinking that the gang they saw
had overpowered, their wives, went
into action with chairs and. what
ever they could grab and within a
few minutes had subdued the entire
bunch, two of them being knocked
Imagine their consternation to
discover, at this point, that they
had been beating their own women
folks! It was a prank, planned in
the nature of a lark, by the women
they had. left behind. One of them
proposed donning men's clothes and
handkerchief masks and. frighten
ing the husbands when, they re
turned. Their hostess was the
leader, and they all wore pants. It
was necessary to call in a physician
to dress some of the wounds, and
two of the Jokers were sevesely in
What a atoryl What an oppor
tunity for a yellow paper! Just
fancy what the result would be with
a skilled artist drawing the en
counter, the men with chairs and
candlesticks grappling with a gang
of masked figures, slight and. cow
ering, trying to protect themselves
from a shower of blows', their small
and well-shod feet protruding from
the bottoms of trousers many sizes
And with the real names! Oh
ELK CITY, July 25. Dear Sir:
It's "so roldarned dry at Elk City
that the angleworms have started
for China and the sea trout won't
run thick until it Tains.
In the mirror of the river,
Where the shadows of the trees
Beckon back a gentle quiver . i
To a passing wayward breeze.
And the sunshine gleaming under, j
Through a window in the leaves.
Throws a looking-glass of wonder
Where I rest in pleasant ease.
I can sense a spell of yearning
Mounting upward in my breast
When a mother bird, returning,
Pokes a worm into her nes.
And a lazy longing starts to squirm
While I waste a wistful look;
Wish to gosh she'd drp that worm
So that I might bait my book.
The morning street car ride down
town to work. Tmnking oi tne
snarls and tangles bristling in the
day ahead like barbed wire in No
Man's Land. PuzHng on the ruth
less problem of how better to pro
vide for the family. Side mental
excursions as to what, it's all about,
anyhow why this frantic chaos of
meaningless exits and entrances
called life. .
A pretty girl boards the car, the
spirit of beauty fleetingly embodied
as it soars upwurd. Perhaps that's
the answer. A better one, anyway,
than the philosophers have con
jured. Then, dn a corner, three
little tots waving handa at the car
and crying joyous greeting. Yow,
I wave back.
Everything falls into line. The
centuries march in rhythm. . . ,
You alight at the transfer point, 12
blocks from the office, and discover
that you failed, to get a transfer.
Reporters get their education by
varied means, and some of their ad
ventures when breaking into the
game are notable. A wire came
from an eastern city a few nights
ago reporting the death of a resi
dent of this pity.i The only similar
name the new reporter could find
was that of a minister, well and fa
vorably known, and he called up on
the telephone. Not knowing how to
put the question, the reporter, when
a man answered, asked who it was,
and, finding that ft was the person
he wanted, then asked:
"Are you dead?"
Another young man, just break
ing Into the game? called up the
home of a negro minister for in
formation, about a funeral.
"My husband! is not at home," was
"Will he come home at noon for
dinner?" the reporter then, asked.
"We don't have dinner at noon.;
we have lunch." ,
"Oh!" said the reporter.
Sweet Home Kews Was Scaroev
SWEET HOME, July 26. (Specis,.)
Hornets poured out from under the front
walk of the 8weet Home reporter's home
before their headquarters became known,
settling all pleasure for the time being
for the one who- stood on the nest save
for a board in the Valk. Not till the
reporter received several stings did it be
come known what was going on. How
ever, all four etlnffa were on one foot,
which was bound to delay traffic, and
that was why news was scarce last week.
Worried over the loss of hand
fuls of her hair, a woman went to a
specialist for advice. He asked her
to return when her hair was at its
worst, to let it go as long as pos
sible without washing so that it
would be good and filthy. Then
he advised treatment with an emul
sified shampoo, just ordinary salad
dressing. The husband was aston
ished one evening he was not in
the 'secret) to find his wife busily
engaged In rubbing a bottle of salad
dressing in her bead instead) of
using It on lettuce and cucumbers.
He feared that she had something
less than salad dressing on the
Those Who Come and Go.
Tales of Folks at the Hotels.
J. "P. Hennessey, millman for the
Shevlin-Hixon Lumber company at
Bend, which is operating three
shifts, is among th Hotel Portland
arrivals. This is considered one of
the most modern of mills. An- im
mense battery of boilers is used and
the consumer is said, -to be the
largest in the -world. It glows in
the night like a gigantic cigarette
or some piece of pyrotechnics.
Everything in the mill is driven by
electricity- A "nigger" used to
handle logs on the flying carriage,
passing the logs so that the band
saw can slice the timbers, is one of
the most intelligent pieces of mech
anism .that has been devised. This
"nijsger1' lifts .and turns the largest
pine logs in the twinkling of an
eye. Going through the mill is one
of the sights of Bend offered to vis
itors. There is more action in the
big mill than can be found in a
dozen motion pictures.
Farmers in southern Idaho have
apparently had a good season, judg
ing from the way C. J. Sinsel of
Boise refers lightly to thousands of
carloads of this or of that. Mr.
Sinsel, who is on his way to attend
the apple growers' convention at
Spokane, and is registered at the
Multnomah, has been making a sur
vey, of conditions in his section of
Idaho. He declares that the potato
crop will be larger than in 1921 and
the prune crop will be most satis
factory. The estimates made by Mr.
Sinsel ore that there will be 2S00
carloads of prunes this year, 4000
farloads of apples, 2000 carloads of
lettuce and 26,000 carloads of po
tatoes.. The lettuce is a compara
tively new development with the
Idaho producers, and they are be
ginning to pay special attention to
this vegetable. The potato crop,
however, appears to be the back
bone of the farmers.
Frank Patton, cashier of the Astoria-Savings
bank,, is on his way
to Crater lake with Mrs. Patton.
This is their first trip to that won
derful spot and Mr. Patton is look
ing forward with" anticipation to
the time when the woman at the
west entrance of the park asks his
name and address, charges a fee for
the automobile and then pastes a
blue- sticker on the windshield of
the car. When this ceremony has
been performed it is only a matter
of half an hour before the Pattons
will stop their car in the parking
space a dozen feet from the very rim
of the lake. The travel to Crater
lake this season is the greatest in
its history, about 6000 people hav
ing visited the lake since the season
opened. Mr. Patton reports that con
ditions in Astoria are good; that
there is a good fish run this season,
and that, on the whole, the com
munity is doing nicely. Mr. and
Mrs. Patton are at the Hotel Port
Although operating only a few
Weeks the big sawmill at Garibal
di has produced 5,000,000 feet of
lumber. Little has been shipped,
most of it being in the yard where
the ocean breezes and the warm
sun are rapidly drying it. Ship
ments go out of Garibaldi by. rail,
for while there is plenty of water
on Tillamook bar, the water in
side the harbor is insufficient to
justrfy large steamers coming in
for. cargo. Russell Hawkins, who
arrived at the Hotel Portland yes
terday from Garibaldi says that the
company intends increasing its
force within a short time.
Mrs. B. Wilhelm and Mrs. J. L.
Stanley of Monroe, Or., are at the
Imperial. . The Wilhelm store ' in
Monroe is.ja. gathering' pla.-e ifor
mues arotnia. isacn near, tne .hard
ware department there is a large
double-barrel stove, around which
are clustered a score of comfort
able arm chairs. This is where the
problems of the nation are settled
in winter afternoons and evenings.
The stove takes the place of a com
mercial clu-b or chamber of com
merce. . ' .
"While there ' isn't -any beauty
about a lava field, still a person
will find such a field very interest
ing," observed John Beals, who has
returned from eastern Oregon. "The
lava field, which has been a bug
bear to motorists crossing the Cas
cades through the McKenzie pass, is
now having a road carved through
It by the forest department. The
government bureau has cut a one
way road across this mass ,of lava
and has set up a rock crusher to
fix the road surface."
"No, the railroad "situation isn't
interfering with the shipment of
fruit because fruit isn't being
bought yet," explains James Wilson
at the Benson. Mr. Wilson passes
his life swinging from one fruit belt
to another, buying fruit for one of
the biggest concerns in the coun
try. Between times he buys up cer
George S. Long, general manager
of the Weyerhaeuser Timber com
pany, the biggest timber-holding
concern in the world, is at the Hotel
Portland, Coming to this city to at
tend the convention of lumbermen
Being manager of such a gigantic
company Is some job. The Weyer
haeuser concern is to timber what
the Standard- Oil company is in the
oil industry. Mr. Long has his
headquarters at Tacoma, Wash.
"Things are quiet at Forest
Grove," states Loyal M. Graham.
"but the farmers are busy too busy
to come into town for the present."
Mr. Graham, formerly a member of
the legislature, has again been nomi
nated . as a representative from
Washington county. His mission in
Portland was to look around and
see what the situation is regarding
the speakership fight, now in full
Years have skipped into eternity
since the former visit of E. J. Bliss
to Portland, so when he ambled
forth from the Multnomah yester
day he scarcely knew the town and
had to get around slowly until he
had his bearings.. Mr. Bliss, who
was formerly president of the cham
ber of commerce of Boston, Mass.,
is making a Pacific coast tour, ac
companied by his family. .
Edward Himes of Chicago, one of
the most important lumber dealers
in the United States, is at the Mult
nomah, coming to attend the meet
ing of lumbermen.
J. P. McGoldrick of Spokane,
Wash., is among the numerous lum
ber dealers In the city. He is at
the Hotel Portland., -
R. A. Christie, vice-president of
the American Tobacco company, is
at the Multnomah, from New York.
Secretary Brumbaugh of the state
bonus commission is In Portland on
business for his office.
S. T. Smith, stockman, whose ship
ping point is Oakland, Or., is regis
tered at the Hotel Oregon.
The Way It Seems at La Grande.
La Grande Observer.
Judging from the lady auto tour
ists who daily go through Lg
Grande, the time has arrived when
women are wearing the pants.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By James J. Montagne.
MAKIAO IT PRACTICAI
("Modern education does not equip
young men -for success." An Amer
Why limit education
Alone to those who seek
To lard "their conversation
With extracts from the Greek"?
No profit whatsoever
A yoiith can hope to gain
From cultural endeavor v
It merely fags the brain.
Far wiser and more prudent
For teachers to prepare
The young and plastic student
To be a millionaire.
Today two great professions
Their followers provide
Wwith limitless possessions
Whatever may betide.
The burglar's life is pleasant,
His risks are very small.
He dines on quail and pheasant,
And seldom works at all.
Bootleggers have no trouble
In plying their career,
And see their fortunes double
A dozen times a year.
Success will crown the college
Whose faculty imparts
The sort of special knowledge
That's needful in these arts.
. Alert and keen and breezy.
And unafraid of fate.
These lad3 will have it easy
The day they graduate.
And very little later
Vast fortunes they will deed
. To dear old Alma Mater
That taught them to succeed.
Few husbands would object to the
proposal that they be bonded if they
were put In warehouses with .cer
tain other bonded goods.
The allies would probably take
more interest in Germany's plight
if they could get more Interest out
of her government.-
And the People Suffer the Reverse.
War wages were bound to result
in wage wars.
(Copyrigh t. 1922, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Burroughs Nature Club.
Copyright, Houghton-Mifflin Co.
Copyright, 1922. by Houghton, Mifflin Co.
Can Yoo Anawer These Questions?
1. How can I tell all the different
kinds of sparrows?
2. What fishes will f ight-moscjulto
S. Please tell me how to exter
minate elder-bugs They are me
dium larges brown bugs with red
bellies. have wings, fly during warm
months and crawl all over the win
dows in winter. We have box elder
trees In the yard.
Answers In tomorrow's" nature
' - - -
Answers to Previous Questions.
1. Can any of the carnivorous oni
mals climb trees?
Yes, members of the family Mus-
telinae do, as ferrets and weasels
and particularly .martens, which fere
largely arboreal in habit, These
animals rob birds' nests. Themall
spotted prairie skunk climbs' small
trees, 'and we might count in rac
coons, as they being omnivorous,
eat meat also,
2. I read your statement that the
hummingbird moth works at night,
and would like to say my experi
ence is that it works by day, espe
cially on phlox.
The confusion here is what our
correspondent, and what we, mean
by "hummingbird moth" not a
strictly scientific name, of -course.
Our correspondent refers probably
to Hemaris thysbe, a clear-wing,
. which does fly by day. We had in
mind a typical, sphinx-moth, not a
clear-wing, but a hawk-moth, with
velvety wings. They are observed
often on warm summer evenings, on
petunias, and similar sweet blooma
3. What is the biggest bird of
prey we have?
The largest one in North America
is the California condor, or Cali
fornia vulture, gymnogyps califor
nianus, that at one time ranged
the Pacific region as far north as
the Columbia river. It is still found
in small but fairly persistent num
bers in southern California, and is
protected by law. The biggest bird
of prey in the world is the condor
of the Andes, sarcorhampifs gry-
phus. The California condor meas
ures from 44 to 55 inches, the An
dean one slightly more.
HOE1SG BETTER THAW HOSI3VG
But In Garden Use of Water It la
Better to Irrigate Than Sprinkle.
UNIVERSITY PARK. July 26
(To the Editor.) The words of "Old
Timer," published by The Oregonian
apropos of garden watering stimu
lates the following observations:
as vamaoie as is tne nose to tne
garden, it is hardly equal in worth
with the hoe. There is more charm
in holding the hose over the growths
than making the hoe move, but the
work of .the hoe counts. Often, It Is
only the surface ot the soil that Is
dry, and the hoe brings up ithe mois
ture to better positions. To water a
garden well the making of trenches
and using them will be remembered.
The little conduits do thorough
work. Soaking the soil is far better
than sprinkling, which merely hard
ens the surface. A good soaking
iiow and then is preferable to daily
sprinkling. It is sad that there are
so many open expanses grow'ng up
into vii.e weeas, whose seeds fly over
into well-kept gardens and lawns.
Better put up even little houses
throughout the city upon these va
cant lots than dedicate them to King
Weed. These little houses, attrac
tive within and surrounded by lawns
and gardens are an asset, and we
look upon them as homes for many
people. Yes, water the garden with
the river that flows from the snows
of Mount Hood.
B. J. HOADLEY.
Divorce Law for Oregon.
PORTLAND, July 27. (To the
Editor.) (1) How long does, a per
son have to live In Oregon before
he can get a divorce from a person
living in another state?
(2) Can a man get a divorce on
his own etatement, or does he have
to have other testimony than his
own to corroborate his plea?
(3) About what are the total costs
in an ordinary case?
(1) One year.
(2) One witness to testify as to
plaintiff's residence is required.
(3) The standard attorney's fee Is
$75, and filing expenses add about
No Gold Detector.
HALSEY, Or., July 26. (To the
Editor.) (1) Do you know of an
Instrument manufactured to locate
go-Id while 1n the soil?
(2). If gold is buried 50 years in
whitish, clayey soil, would It remain
where placed, or rise orfsBink?
i. No. -N
i, It-would remain where placed,
By Grace E. Hall.
My hand is empty of a sister's hand.
And brothers are just men who go
And make their world. They do not
And women need Just women, any
way, When all the little' things of life go
wrong, . i
When tears, must fall like gusty
And when grave trials rob the Hps
of song, v
Men have no nerves that sense the
pain of ours.
A sister must - be something very
To one's own self, if she be what
In that relation ; something very
And very tender, gentle, sweet
A thing of comfort, too, when days
Like woolen mittens or a cup of
Something to strengthen when
hearts seem old
Beneath a sudden surge of misery.
But I must grope forever for the
Of other vomen. in my hours of
A sister, like a mother, understands.
But I have neitirer on the paths
In Other Days.
Twentjwflw Tern Aro
From The Oregonian. July 28, IS9T.
Wheeling, W. Va. The largest ana
most influential gathering of labor
leaders of America is now assem
bled here. The purpose of the meet
ing is to cause a speedy settlement
of the coal strike.
Tacoma. A beautiful 'spectacle.
never witnessed before, was the sig
nal light on the summit of Mount
Rainier displayed by the Portland
mountain climbing club of Maxamas.
All cabin and steerage accommo
dations on the steamer George W.
Elder, which will sail for Alaska
from the Alnsworth dock Friday,
have been taken.
It is understood that th mriTTOirt
company will not Impose a toll on
the steel "bridge until after August
, wnicn win give tne council a
chance to lease the span.
William "Rnttn. thA.fliiT-A tWnir nt.n
who was arrested for trying to seli
a gom Dries: to a stranger, forfeited
his $25 bail and did not appear in
police court to answer the charge
Fifty Years Ago.
From The Oregonian July 2S, 1872.
Brussels. Awards to the United
States in the cases of the privateers,
Florida and Alabama, will amount to
a million and a half pounds.
New York. The excise law was
strictly enforced in this city Sun
day. Scarcely a liquor shop in the
entire city was found open.
New Tork. General Ryan, who
figured in the Cuban "Fannie" ex
pedition, will- be arrested on his ar
rival here on a charge of violating
the neutrality laws.
The Baker City Academy building,
which was burned a year ago, has
been reboarded, painted and will be
ready for occupancy In the fall.
Police court was held in the new
jail for the first time yesterday
The Crystal Palace circus is ex
hibiting at Grants Pass. Unless it
is better than some of the circuses
which we ssrw last year it had better
come no farther north. .
MR. FLACG'S ARGUMENT FAULTY
If All Sects Had Schools, Public
Schools Would Still Be Needed.
PORTLAND, July 27. (To the
Editor.) Having printed an article
by E. H. Flagg, in which he misin
terprets and criticises Archbishop
Christie's recent pastoral letter. The
Oregonian, in its usual t spirit of
fairness, will doubtless also print
this comment on the situation.
The Catholic attitude toward the
public schools as outlined by the
archbishop's letter is full of frank
commendation of them and contains
the following principles: The prin
ciple of compulsory education being
admitted by all. It follows that the
public schools, from which the
teaching of all religion is barred,
are an absolute necessity for two
classes: (1) Children whose par
ents do not want them taught any
definite religion; this is why the
public schools must be kept abso
lutely neutral; the principle of re
ligious liberty works both ways. (2)
The public schools are also abso
lutely necessary for children for
whose , intellectual and patriotic
training no special provision has
been made, Irrespective of religious
opinions. This is precisely the Ore
gon law at present.
Hence, though all denominations
had their private schools, the public
or neutral schools could not be abol
ished,, as Mr. Flagg says, but would
remain an absolute necessity for
the 60 or more millions In the United
States who belong to no church, re
ligion, creed whatsoever.
The various other conclusions of
E. H. Flagg are hopelessly illogical
and inapplicable, because he fails or
refuses to understand the position
of -those Christian denominations
which, praising and upholding the
neutrally religious or public schools,
insist on their constitutional right
to have private schools for those
who feel this a conscientious duty
and are willing to pay for them as
long as the highest standard of pa
triotism and respect for civil au
thority is taught therein.
Moral Neglect of Family.
ABERDEEN, Wash., July 27. (To
the Editor.) To settle a question in
dispute, will you please state (1)
whether it is considered good form
for a man to take women, not rel
atives nor invalids, out for joy rides
and other good times, leaving his
wife, at home tied to her growing
family? (2) Is it correct that now
adays marriage does not bind a man
for more than ordinary money sup
port to his family, leaving him free
to find his enjoyment where he will
away from his. wife?
1. It is not.
2. It is not correct.
Hawaiian Lels Made in Portland.
PORTLAND, July 27. (To the
Editor.) "Aloha," once more, "to a
prized belief the Hawaiian origin
of the ukulele. It is interesting to
note that "Hawaiian leis" have been
made in Portland for the past seven
years. I suppose you know, also,
that raffia, from which most
Hawaiian shredded wheat dresses
are made, comes from Africa and
that most of them are made in Con
necticut. VICTOR -INVENTIONS COBP'N.