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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LX NO. 10,074
Entered at Portland lOreccnl
Pofnffic a second -c!rfii Matter
PORTLAND, OREGON. SATURDAY. JANUARY 7, 1922
PRICK FIVE CENTS
ALLIES ACT TO
Soviet Is Invited to Eco
GERMANY ALSO IS ASKED
Step Regarded as Practi
cally Recognition of
SOME CONDITIONS MADE
Bolshevik Propaganda Must
Cease and Each Side Is Im
mune From Attack.
CANNES, Jan. 6. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) What is regarded by
the majority of the delegates here
as amounting to recognition of the
soviet government of Russia was
decided upon by the allied supreme
council today when the British pro
posal for an international, financial
and economic conference with the
participation of Russia and Ger
many was approved unanimously.
Some time during the first two
weeks of March has been set for the
momentous gathering and Genoa,
Italy, has been designated as the
place where it shall be held.
United States Invited.
An invitation to the United States
to participate has been extended
through the American ambassador
to Great Britain, George Harvey,
who is here as official observer for
Russia's participation in the
Genoa conference is conditional upon
acceptance of a number of condi
tions; namely, that she cease bol
shevik propaganda abroad, that she
undertake not to .attack her neigh
bors and that she recognize all the
honorable obligations entered into
by preceding Russian governments.
Premier Lloyd George of Great
Britain took the most prominent
part in the deliberations. Describ
ing the present meeting of the su
preme council as the most impor
tant since the armistice, he declared
that the public opinion of the world
demanded that the allies take wider
responsibilities to revive Europe.
Warning Sounded to Allies.
The prime minister sounded a
warning that the allies themselves
must solve the problem of rehabil
itating Europe economically and he
appealed to them to forget their
prejudices and co-operate with this
end in view.
Given the floor immediately after
the French.premier, M. Briand, had
welcomed the delegations in the
grand salon of the Cannes Yacht
club, Mr. Lloyd George launched
into sharply pointed references to
the French claims growing out of
the war. He said the British were
equally entitled to put forth claims,
since their taxes as a result of the
war were twice as heavy as those of
any other country.
Passage Is Translated.
The remark of the British premier
that most impressed the delegates
was his reference to the prejudice
that might exist against entering
into relations with the soviet gov
ernment because it had blood upon
its hands. "But," he declared, "I
know a country which quite recently
took the hand of an assassin in the
The passage was immediately
" translated for M. Briand, who first
smiled at the reference to the An
gora treaty between France and the
Turkish nationalists, and then re
torted "Yes, but we made his ac
quaintance in London."
This reference to the fact that the
Kemalists were invited to London to
confer with the allies last spring
provoked laughter. The French
premier refrained from other com
ment. After the decision to call the eco
nomic conference was made, the
question arose as to its seat. The
Italians strongly urged their coun
try. Prague ws the only other sug
gestion, but all the delegates ap
At the afternoon session conditions
were adopted under which Russia,
Germany, Bulgaria, Austria. Hungary
and all the other European powers
Continued en Page 8, Column 8. Jl i
NATIONAL PARKS ROAD
BODY INDORSES FAIR
AID PROMISED PORTLAND IN
Programme Recognized as Drawing
Card for Tourists From AH
States In Union.
SPOKANE, Wash., Jan. C. (Spe
cial.) Resolutions indorsing; the Port
land exposition In 1925, empowering
the executive secretary to act as an
arbitrator in re-routing; the National
park's highway through towns, and
stipulating a permanent marker for
the highway, were adopted by Na
tional Parks Highway association In
session this afternoon at the Daven
port, The resolution pertaining; to the
Portland exposition says:
"The citizens of Portland and of the
state of Oregon have announced an
exposition for the year 1926, featur
ing highways and motor transporta
tion. "Recognizing the programme as one
which will attract thousands of tour
ist cars to the Pacific northwest from
every state In the union and recog
nizing the enterprise of the people of
"Now, therefore, be It resolved by
the National Parks HIghavay associa
tion in convention assembled at Spo
kane, Wash., on January 6, 1922, that
the Portland spirit Is hereby com
mended, that our well wishes for a
successful show be extended to Por
land and that we in every possible
way promote the welfare of the expo
sition consistent with national parks
Other resolutions adopted are:
"Resolved, That no parallel or loop
roads be recognized as parts of the
national parks highway, except In
mountainous country wherein differ
ent conditions for travel exist on two
or more roads, making possible a
longer tourist travel season over the
"Resolved, That the association cars
operating over the highway be at all
times available to tourists for infor
mation and service and to make this
service as adequate as possible these
cars be at all times kept Informed of
details of the condition of the high
way In Its entirety."
NOBLES WANT DIVORCE
Gases of Distinguished British Cit
izens to Be Heard Soon.
LONDON, Jan. 6. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) A number of names of
distinguished persons appear in the
list of 1046 divorce cases to come up
at the approaching sittings of the law
courts, beginning next Wednesday.
. Earl Cathcart, petitioning; for a di
vorce, cites the earl of Craven as co
respondent. Lady Ronda seeks the restitution of
conjugal rights against her husband.
Sir Humphrey Mackworth.
Lady Belher is petitioning for a di
vorce. She obtained a restitution de
cree In July.
Lady Frazer seeks a restitution de
cree against her husband. Sir John
$10,000,000 IN RUM PLOT
Prominent Cleveland Men Involved
In Liquor Conspiracy.
CLEVELAND, Ohio, Jan. 6. Cleve
land today was the center of activity
In an alleged $10,000,000 liquor with
drawal conspiracy and bootlegging
plot involving prominent men. fol
lowing the arrest of four men who
were Indicted eecretly at the last
session of the federal grand Jury here.
Those under arrest are: Harry S.
Lynn, head of the Lynn company,
wholesale drug firm of Akron; Martin
Burke, head of a Pittsburg hardware
concern; George Martlno, treasurer,
and Claud R.. Madelene, secretary of
the Lynn company. All were charged
with conspiracy to violate the na
tional prohibition act.
DOGS ROUTED BY RABBITS
Pasco Residents Tell Stories of Fe
WALLA WALLA, Wash.. Jan. 6.
Rabbits, apparently inoculated by
dogs and coyotes afflicted with
rabies, have become eo ferocious, ac
cording to residents In Pasco, 40 miles
from here, that .they have launched
an orrensive attack against the cedar
poles of high-power tension lines.
Almost unbelievable stories of rab
bits attacking dogs and coyotes, and
In many cases putting them to flight,
have been told by responsible per
sons In the community. A general
alarm has been sounded and many
drtyes against the Jackrabblts have
CRAZED WIFE KILLS MATE
Woman Fired by Moonshine Liquor.
Confession Is Made.
MILWAUKEE. Wis., Jan. 6.
Mrs. Elsie Trepte. wife of Adolph
Trepte. 51, former president-treasurer
of the Globe Wire & Iron works, this
morning confessed to local police that
she killed her husband yesterday
while crazed with moonshine liquor.
She said she was haunted by the
tear that her husband was about to
send ber to a sanitarium.
$100,000 LIQUORS SEIZED
Jiew York Shoppers See Dry Agents
NEW YORK. Jan. 6. Prohibition
agents today raided Jack's restaurant
at Sixth avenue and Forty-third
street and hauled away nearly $100.
000 worth of liquor in motor trucks.
A large crowd of shoppers witnessed
the raid. i
TO AID IRRIGATORS
Help for Columbia Basin
SPOKANE PARTY VISITS CITY
Local Chamber Promises to
Look Into Matter.
MANY BENEFITS CITED
Inland Empire Business Men Say
Products of Reclaimed Land
Would Come Here.
That Portland, as a gatewav of the
Inland Empire, stand with Spokane
in championing the vast irrigation
project of the Columbia basin, was
the plea of a specl delegation of
business men from the eastern Wash
ington city, voiced yesterday at a
Chamber of Commerce luncheon. The
Portland visit was the last halt on a
tour that had previously taken the
Spokane party to Seattle and Tacoma
on a similar mission.
"The Columbia basin project," said
George Phillips, president of the
Spokane chamber of commerce, "at
first looked rather large and vision
ary. Now we are convinced that it
can and must be accomplished. We
have confidence of your ability, here
in Portland, to handle large affairs,
and we desire your co-operation."
Co-operation Is Asked.
Mr. Phillips asked the immediate
co-operation of Portland in providing
a fee for an examination of the proj
ect by Colonel Goethals, builder of
the Panama canal, who asks $25,000,
and who will be at liberty to visit
the Columbia basin district February
1. Of this sum all save $6000 has
been raised, and Seattle and Portland
are asked Jointly to provide the re
mainder. "Director Scott of the reclamation
service, together with Senators Jon??
and Polndexter," said Mr. Phillips,
"have recommended that we procure
au engineer who Is not .directly In
terested, and we have negotiated with
Colonel Goethals to make a report on
the feasibility of the project."
In proof of Portland's direct con
cern In the project, Mr. Phillips cited
a recent statement made by Mayor
Hill of Walla Walla, who said that
of $5,500,000 worth of business origi
nating in that territory, $3,000,000
went to Portland. The development
of the Columbia basin project, he
declared, would vastly benefit local
Statistics bristled from the address
(Concluded on Page 8. Column 6.)
JUST WHEN THEY HAD BEGUN TO THINK THAT THEY COULD GET AWAY WITH IT.
. ........ . -.... .............. . . a a .4
TWO FAIR FINANCE
INITIATIVE MEASURE TO RAISE
State-Wide Committee to Pass on
Matter Before Action Is Taken
by Local Body.
Two or more plans for financing
the 1925 exposition are now being
worked out, and these will be sub
mitted to the state-wide committee
within a few weeks. The executive
committee, at Us meeting Thursday
afternoon, was convinced that there
Is a genuine demand for the fair In
1925 throughout the length and
breadth of Oregon. This was brought
out with special emphasis by every
upstate member of the committee
who attended the conference.
From counties whose state sena
tors interposed an obstruction to the
passage of the exposition legislation
at the special session came the as
surance that publlo sentiment Is not
antagonistic to the fair, but is, on thJ
contrary. Keenly eager tor ine un
dertaking. The assertion, which
some have made, that Portland should
pay for the fair Itself, was resented
by up-state committeemen, who de
clared that as It Is to be an Oregon
fair, for exploitation of the state,, no
community wants Portland to assume
the entire financial obligation.
The main problem now confronting
the state-wide committee Is the best
and most logical method of defraying
the cost of the exposition. , A number
of plans were proposed and aban
doned at Salem during the session of
the legislature. A su'i-commlttee is
to be appointed by Julius L. Meier,
chairman, to devise a plan or two and
submit these programmes to the
state-wide1 committee for approval or
rejection.' Whatever plan the state
wide committee considers best will
then be laid before representative
bodies in every section of the state.
By this policy It is believed that co
operation can be brought about and
every community will then get be
hind the fair, united to make It a
If an initiative measure is required
as part of the programme of finance,
the petitions can be circulated for
the necessary number of signatures
during the spring and summer and at
the same time the plan as well as the
exposition Itself and the benefits ex
pected can be explained everywhere
In Oregon. In the event of an In
itiated measurs, it will appear on the
ballot In the general election next
William Hanley, president of the
State Chamber of Commerce, has ad
vlBed the committee to initiate a
measure and the desire for a meas
ure to bo submitted by this method
Is being advocated by up-state peo
ple In letters and telegrams to the
PERSIA TO ENTER LEAGUE
Announcement Made by American
Minister at Teheran.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 6. Per
sia has decided to become a member
of the league of nations. The Ameri
can minister at Teheran so advised
the state department today.
RUSSIAN RELIEF ASKS
LOW RATE ON GRAIN
HOOVER MAT GET SHIP BOARD
TO WORK AT LOSS.
President Likely to Be Requested
to Determine What Will
Be Proper Charge.
' WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. . The
possibility developed tonight that the
American relief administration may
seek to have the 30 ships which the
shipping board has agreed to place at
their disposal for carrying grain and
other supplies to the starving of Rus
sia transport those supplies at less
than cost, in which case. It was sild.
President Harding would be asked to
determine What would be a proper
Secretary Hoover, In announcing
this week that the relief admlnistra
Uon had requested the shipping board
to transport the supplies because of
the rates charged by private opera
tors, said that such shipments were
desired on a basis of fairness.
The shipping board was requested
today by Secretary Hoover to prepare
15 additional ships to carry grain due
the first half of this month and 15
more for the last half.
The vessels which will be used in
the relief administration work, it was
said, would be allocated to operators
now acting as agents of the board
under the terms of the managing op
erators' agreements, which provide
that the board shall pay operating
expenses and give tfce operators iVi
per cent commission on the bulk car
goes carried.' If only shipping board
bottoms are employed in forwarding
the grain to Russia, it was said that
the total tonnage, estimated at 600,
000, could be shipped, with 30 ships.
In about 2 months.
SCIENCE HEARING IS SET
Validity of Church Directors' Ac
tion to Be Argued Wednesday.
BOSTON, Jan. 6. Readiness to be
gin a hearing on Wednesday next on
the question of the validity of the
action of the directors of the First
Church of Christ, Scientist, In remo
Ing Herbert W. Eustace and Paul
Harvey as trustees of the Christian
Science Publishing society, was an
nounced by Judge Crosby of the su
preme court today.
The hearing, he said, would con
tinue until all evidence as to good
faith on the part of the directors had
SENATE PAIRING IS HIT
Resolution Would Prohibit Prac-
tice Unless for Illness.
WASHINGTON D. C, Jan. 6. A
resolution deslgn'ed to break up the
long-established custom of senate
pairs was Introduced today by Sen
ator Borah, republican, Idaho.
Proposed as an amendment to the
senate rules, the resolution specific
ally provided that hereafter pairs
should not be recognized unless a
senator is detained at home by Ill
ness or absent on official business
of the senate.
Post to Be Kept if Pact Is
Rejected, Is Belief.
CABINET ALSO GOES OUT
Retiring Executive Holds Split
Is Irrevocable. .
PACT VOTE DUE TODAY
Sinn Fein Leader Delivers Long
Speech; British Citizenship Is
Cast Aside Scornfully.
DUBLIN. Jan. 6 (By the Associ
ated Press.) Eamonn de Valcfa to
day before the Dail Eireann resigned
his post as president of the Irish re
public Later, however, he was understood
to say thats he would postpone his
decision to leave office pending a
vote on the peace treaty with Great
Britain, if the vote was taken within
48 hours. He coupled his resignation
with the statement that, whatever
happened, he would retire o private
life, but almost In the same breath
he spoke of selecting a new cabinet
if he were re-elected chief executive.
Treaty Action Is Factor.
From these conflicting assertions
the inference was drawn by those
attending the sessior. of. the Dail
Eireann that if the treaty was re
jected Mr. de Valera would remain In
office and endeavor to negotiate a
new treaty with the British govern
ment on 'the basis of h"i9 alternative
proposal, but that if the Dail accepted
the treaty he would definitely retire
from publio life.
The Dail adjourned tonight at 7
o'clock to meet again tomorrow for
a further discussion of the treaty.
Several of the members told the As
sociated Press that a vote on the
treaty undoubtedly would be taken
before 7 o'clock Saturday night.
Confidence Is Expressed.
Supporters of the treaty continued
to express confidence that It would
be ratified by a small majority, but
the people of Dublin are showing
great anxiety over the outcome. With
the Dail so divided fears are enter
tained that acceptance of the treaty
will not necessarily solve Ireland's
troubles, and fears were expressed in
some quarters today that there is
great danger of strife.
Mr. de Valera threatened to resign
during a private session of the Dail
this morning, at which an eleventh
hour attempt was being made by the
peace committee to effect an agree
ment between the opposing factions
on the treaty. When the Dail re
convened in open session in the aft
ernoon De Valera carried his threat
Into effect In the course of an elo
quent speech, during which he was
moved to such depths of emotion that
tears stood in his eyes and his voice
occasionally was choked with sobs.
Dail Members Affected.
The members of the Dail appeared
much affected by what seemed the
farewell of its president, for whom,
whatever their views on the treaty
Issue they have shown during debate,
they entertained the most profound
Mr. de Valera made It plain in his
speech of resignation that his ob
ject was to enable the Dail to choose
between what be called representa
tives of two fundamentally opposite
policies Irish republicanism and
British citizenship. He said he
would "not carry on" without having
full confidence in his cabinet.
In his speech announcing his res
ignation De Valera described his four
years' success In keeping united the
two opposite schools of opinion rep
resented by Charles Burgess and
Arthur Griffith. He said this unity
had been maintained until the treaty
was signed in London. He appealed
to his record as a soldier and ex
pressed great scorn for trickery In
politics with which he said he had
experiences during the- last few
President Waxes Eloquent.
The president waxed eloquent when
he referred to having been reared in
a laborer's cottage in County Limerick
and in his uncompromising declara
tion for Ireland's separate national
ity. He said he was not now even
technically a British subject and that
he would die without becoming one.
Altnough he was not a member of the
Irish republic brotherhood, he said
he hoped when he died he would have
a Fenian grave. These declarations
evoked the loudest cheers that, he had
received since the Dail began its ses
sions. The protests against diverting the
Dail Eireann from the ratification or
rejection of the treaty revealed the
leaders on both sides of the contro
versy as equally anxious for a speedy
vote, and eventually Mr. de Valera
declared that If a ballot was taken
within 48 hours he would be quite sat
isfied. Resignation In Abeyance.
Meanwhile, although he did not say
so expressly. It was understood that
his resignation would be in abeyance.
Mr. de Valera was elected president
at the first Sinn Fein convention held
in 1917, Arthur Griffith, chairman of
iCoaciuded on Pag 2, Column i.) 1
PRISONER SINGSAS f D fl PT T
1 vrUCDO CAA DADC'I II U I IL)
MAIIOXEY AND COMPANIONS
FAIL TO BREAK JAIL.
Plot Is Frustrated When Sheriff
and Jailers Suspect Reason
for Vocal Efforts.
SEATTLE, Wash., Jan. 6. While
James E. Redmond, prisoner In the
county Jail here, who was wanted in
Chicago and Oakland on highway
robbery charges, gang loudly to cover
up the noise of fellow prisoners at
work with steel saws, James E. Ma
honey, recently convicted of killing
his elderly wife here, and six other
prisoners held on murder charges, at
tempted to saw their way to freedom
The plot was frustrated by the
sheriff and Jailers, who suspected
Redmond's vocal eforts and investi
gated. The prisoners, all but one of whom
have been, convicted of murder, were
said by Sheriff Starwlch to have told
him that they would as soon be shot
In attempting to escape as meet the
fate awaiting them.
They are Louis Madsen, C. A. Brown
and Ward Daniels, convicted of the
shooting of a Seattle policeman whHe
resisting arrest; Ingram Rader, con
victed of killing Bud Dean Curtis,
an ex-employe, and Pedro Cogalino,
sentenced for shooting a neighbor in
an altercation over stray chickens.
The eighth man, Elmer Winters, Is
facing trial for robbery.
With saws that had been-, hidden
in the hollow handle of a disinfectant
sprayer, the prisoners had sawed three
bars nearly through. This was the
third attempt by county Jail prisoner
within a few weeks to escape.
LICENSE DEADLINE FIXED
Motorists Given Till January IS to
The probable deadline for auto
mobiles carrying 1921 licenses will
be Friday, January 13. according to
announcement of Traffic Captain
Lewis last night. On that date
arrests will begin unless congestion
in the office of the secretary of Btate
continues and a further extension of
time is made.
About 900 licenses were issued
from the branch office at police
headquarters yesterday. At that rate
it would require about 40 days to
supply Portland automobile owners
with licenses, but a great many have
mailed applications to Salem. Cap
tain Lewis said no 1921 plates will
be bothered until it Is clearly appar
ent that every motorist has had
ample time In which to apply for and
receive his new plate.
BLIND MEN FACE ARREST
Warrant Sworn Out for Tresspass
on Employment Institution.
A warrant for the arrest of two
blind men for tresnasslnu. was sworn
out late yesterday afternoon by J. F.
Myers, superintendent of the Oregon
Employment Institution for the Blind,
422H East Burnslde Btreet. The tres
passing consists of refusing to leave
the Institution when ordered to do so,
because they were not eligible for
state support. Both of the men have
been staying there for some time and
are entirely helpless.
The state board of control threat
ened to withdraw all state aid unless
Mr. Myers removed the men because
one is an alien and the other has not
lived in Oregon for a number of
years. The men are Oscar L. Johnson
and Charles A. Bishop. The warrant
probably will be served this morning.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 43
degrees; minimum. 8-4 degrees.
TODAY'S Occasional rains.
Valera realms Irish presidency. Page 1.
Soviet Invited to allied economic parley.
Ex-premier Okuma of Japan dies. Page 2.
Pleture brMe'a wooden leg no bar to wed
ding. Page 5.
Filibuster against Alfhlson continued by
southern senators. Page 3.
Newberry to take floor In his own defense.
Shantung hearing closed abruptly. Page 2.
Five-power pact to punish naval pirates
approved. Page 1.
United -States officials hava little to say
about allied action on soviet. Page 6.
Hoover to ask ship board to work at loss
on relief. Pace 1.
WasMngtnn'a state guaranty fund for
bank deposits failure. Page 8.
National Parks Highway association In
dorses lU-o fair. Page 1.
Prisoner singa whlls others saw bars.
Three of wlnged-M hoopers found eligible
to play. Page 14.
Corvallts Inaugurates northwest bakefball
conference wltn victory over Whitman.
Willis and Tate fight draw. Page 14.
Commercial and Marine.
Stocks of petite prunes cleaned up In val
ley. Pse 21.
Chicago wheat market has moderate set
back. Paga 21.
Liberty bond prices continue to advance.
Portland delegates to shipping session
named. Page 20.
Livestock shipments to Pacific coast direct
by water made possible. Page IB.
Portland and Vicinity.
New pastor of First Methodist church ar
rives. Page 9.
Egg prices decllna. Paga 12.
Fair committee studies finance plana.
Spokane asks Portland to aid Irrigation
project. Page 1.
Public service commission begins Investi
gation of rit. Jonna tunnel, ruse 22. i
State has plan for opening Columbia river I
highway. Page 16.
Penalties for Naval. War
FIVE POWERS IN COMBINE
Suppression of U-Boat Ter
rorism Gains Headway.
ROOT FORMULA FINISHED
Armament Committee Move9 To
ward Ban on Gas Warfnro
on Land or Sea.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 6. (By
the Associated Tress.) A five-power
contract to Impose the ago-old pen
alties for piracy agaliiHt naval com
manders who violate accepted laws
of naval warfare was approved today
by the armament committee of the
Washington conference. It com
pleted the Root formula for suppres
sion of U-boat terrorism at sea, and
the committee then moved forward
toward a proscription of gas warfare
on sea or land.
Again Mr. Root drew the resolution
to effect the prohibition. Again an
immediate five-power contract to
abandon gas or other similar Chemi
cal weapons as beyond the pale of
human tolerance Is proposed, to be
worked out later by world agreement
Into the fabric of international law.
And again it seemed certain thRt un
der American Initiative, war In fu
ture would be stripped of others of
the horrors German ingenuity let
loose upon the world.
Knly for Antl-Gna l'lnn.
Italy gave prompt adhcnlon to the
anti-gas project as "a real step In the
path of progress and civilization."
Adjournment of the committee pre
vented the views of other delegations
from being presented, but all were
Kald to favor the ban on gas warf
As the naval experts shaping tech
nical queUons in the naval limita
tion sections of the forthcoming
treaty still were wrangling over defi
nitions to make clear the agreements
they have already reached, the arma
ment committee adjourned on call.
The navy men tolled all day In the
hope of concluding tonight, but with
out success. They will complete their
work tomorrow, however, and the full
committee will be In a position to re
sumo Monday with the way cleared
for quick framing of the naval limi
tation treaty and its burden of allied
pacts, understandings and declara
tions. It was not definitely decided to
night whether the anti-gas declara
tion was to be incorporated In the
voluminous treaty that will be re
quired to cover the naval understand
ings. It may be put forth as a sepa
rate product of the conference If final
approval Is given the Root prohibi
tory resolution. It seemed more like
ly, however, that it would go Into the
general treaty, soon to be laid be-
foro the armament committee for final
Iloot Formula Henrrunard.
There was a rearrangement today
of the Root formula for curbing sub
marine operations against merchant
craft. As the proposals came from
the armament committee, it was di
vided into four separate articles.
The first restated In brief language
the accepted rules of naval warfare
applying to merchant ships and spe
cifically applied these rules to sub
marines. The second asked adherence
of all nations to this reaffirmation of
International law. The third pro
posed a new principle of International
law prohibiting use of submarines as
commerce destroyers, coupled with an
agreement among the five powers to
adopt this rule as anion themselves
Immediately. The fourth was that
approved today. Invoking the rule of
piracy against naval commanders
violating the. declared laws of war.
As rearranged later", the piracy rule
becomes No. 3 and Is coupled up with
Nos. 1 and 2, the purpose being, it
was explained, to seek world agree
ment on that principle as an imme
diate extension of the existing laws
of war. It could not be applied, It
.aid. ns to violations of the new
proposal to ban submarines entirely
commerce raiaers uuiu mm
been accepted by the world.
Piracy Resolution Adopted.
In Its final form thi Root piracy
"The signatory powers, desiring to
Insure the enforcement of humane
rules of existing law declared by
them with respect to attacks upon
and seizure and destruction of mer
chant ships, further declare that any
person In the service of any power
who shall violate any of those rales,
whether or not such person Is under
orders of a governmental superior,
shall be deemed to have violated the
laws of war and shall be liable to
trial and punishment as if for an act
of piracy and may be brought to trlai
before the civil or military authori
ties of any power within the juris
diction of which he may be found."
The rearrangement left the pro
posal to ban obstruction of commer
cial craft standing separate as No.
In the Root submarine formula group.
And with the completion of the agree
ment on these four statements
iCooxlU'ied oa Pass 3. Column 1.)
En 1 05.2