Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, December 01, 1921, Page 8, Image 8

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Study of Strategy Begun
Many Years Ago.
Millions in America Extend
Warm Welcome,-
Allied Leader XVho Served In Con
flict of 1870 Jjong Determined
to Triumph Oyer Germans.
Marshal Shakes Hands With 50,000
and Receives 1 7 Degrees From
American Colleges.
Marshal Foch arrived in America
on October 28, greeted with such ac
claim at has never been given to a
foreign visitor, save to his country
man, Lafayette, when that hero and
ally of the revolution revisited his
beloved America. Since his arrival
the marshal has toured America as
he wished to, meeting- his former
comrades of the allied cause and
greeting. It is estimated, no less than
4.000,000 Foch enthusiasts, while at
least 40,000,000 have hailed him. He
has. the conscientious statistician
9 A. M. Reception commilttee
meets French marshal at Union
9:15 A. M. Parade through
downtown streets to Multnomah
Line of march Sixth south to
Morrison, east to Fourth, north
to Multnomah hotel.
10:15 Party leaves for trip
out highway. Inspection of
school children en route.
12 M. Luncheon at some
highway chalet.
6 P. M. Banquet at Multno
mah hotel.
8 P. M. Mass meeting and re
ception at armory.
estimates, shaken hands at least 60
000 times and received 17 degrees of
LL.D. from American colleges. Gold,
plate and jewels hsve been given
him, and the diversity of presents
ranges from these to a carton of
Missouri corn-cob pipes for the
marshal of France likes a well
tamped bowl and the glow and savor
of stout tobacco.
Mnrsbal Review Veterans.
Leaving New York on October 29,
the Foch special proceeded to Wash
ington and Kansas City, at which
latter city Marshal Foch participated
In the American Legion parade and
reviewed the veterans who served
under him. On November 11, at
Washington, the first soldier of
France paid his tribue to the im
mortal unknown who died for Amer
ica.' and whose body rests In Arling
ton cemetery. Since November 28
he has been on the western trip, mak
ing his genial and applauded schedule
through Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota,
North Dakota, Idaho and Washing
ton. Now he has come to Oregon,
where the warmth of his welcome Is
not lessened because the tour draws
near to an end.
Leaving Portland at 11 o'clock to
night the Foch special will proceed
to ban Francisco, arriving there at
9:30 Saturday morning. Sunday will
be spenp In Los Angeles, and the fol
lowing day on a visit to the Grand
canyon. He will arrive at Houston.
Tex., on Wednesday of next week, at
New Orleans on Thursday, December
8, and will tour through Alabama,
Georgia, South and North Carolina
the following day. Returning to
Washington on Saturday, December
10, he will visit West Point on the
same day.
Marshnl to Rail December 28.
At the conclusion of the American
tour he will have traveled for 47 days,
and when on December 28 he boards
the Paris again and watches the shore
line dim and recede one Imagines
that this soldier of France and of
the would will carry with him an
understanding of the American spirit,
and a knowledge that he Is at home
in the heart of America.
He will have met the Americans,
no longer tense with war, but in the
midst of their everyday occupat'on
and the Americans, whose earnest
wish It was, will have become ac
quaintances of the splendid old fighter
and tactician who believed that de
feat was but the prelude to victory,
and who challenged the courage of
civilization when he said, at the first
battle of the Marne:
"My center Is giving way, my right
la falling back; the situation is ex
cellent. I shall attack."
Marshal Slakes Two Addresses, Re
ceives Degree and Reviews Parade.
SEATTLE, Wash., Nov. 80. Mar
shal Foch reviewed a parade of men
who fought under him in France, de-I
liverea two puDijc aaaresses, re
ceived the degree of doctor of laws
from the University of Washington
and mad an automobile tour of the
city, all in the space of five hours,
hers today.
Cheering thousands lined the
utreets along the entire six-mile route
to the University of Washington. At
Lincoln Park playfield, Seattle's
French colony . had gathered and
thore the marshal received from the
hands of a tiny Alsatian girl a wreath
of flowers and witnessed the unveil
ing of a bust of himself, presented
by French residents to the city.
After a private luncheon, the mar
shal addressed a mass meeting, toured
Seattle's boulevards and headed the
parade which he later reviewed. He
left for Tacoma at 2:30.
Han ford MacNIder, national com
mander of the American Legion, who
is accompanying Marshal Foch,
dodged several of the elaborate cere
monies prepared for the allied gen
eralLislmo hero to visit disahled vet
erans in hospitals. "Mr. MacXider was
accompanied by C. n. Cunningham,
slate legion commander.
In the parade, led and later re
newed by Marshal Foch, marched
troops from Fort Lawton. a battalion
of bluejackets from the United States
steamship Tenne.wce, national guard
troops, the reserve officers' training
corps at the University of Washing
ton, veterans of the Spanish and
world wars. Practically every ex
service man in the parade was in uni
form. A guard of honor, composed
of veterans decorated with the medal
of honor or distinguished service
cross, walked beside the marshal's
limousine. The city was decorated
with a mass of bunting in which the
tricolor of France predominated.
French. British and American . uni
forms mir.gleds as the allied veterans
appeared garbed as they had fought.
Chehalis Honors Foch.
CHEHALIS. Wash.. Nov. 30. (Spe
cial.) A great portion of the popu
lation of Chehalis went to Centralis
tonight to honor Marshal Foch and
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JTrjrert JKreA'rat'r; jVZrS?j?z2' C?jr
France. In addition to the large local
attendance at the big reception to-
Foch, hundreds of autos from east,
south and west of Chehalis passed
through here en route to Centralis
for the occasion.
Med ford Plans Demonstration.
MEDFORD, Or.. Nov. 30. (Special.)
On receip-of information here to
would make a five-minute stop in
day that Marshal Foch and his party
Medford. at 8 : -SO Friday morning while
en route from Portland to San Fran
cisco, the local American Legion post
and chamber of commerce officers at
once began preparations for a' great
reception and demonstration. One of
the greatest throngs ever assmbled In
the Rogue river valley will greet the
world hero, comtr.g from Grants Pass,
Ashland. Phoenix, Talent. Jackson
ville, Gold Hill. Central Point. Eagle
Point, Butts Falls and northern Cali
fornia points.
(Continued From First fuga.)
In this way it will be possible to seat
700 guests. Nearly 450 reservations
had been made up to yesterday after
noon, and It was anticipated that
there will be fully 700 persons pres
ent. Guests havs been asked to be
present about shortly before 6, so that
they may be seated promptly.
There will be an address by Mar
shal Foch at the banquet in addition
to speeches by Governor Olcott and
Mayor .Baker and others.
A feature will be the presentation
of a beautiful floral piece of Oregon
roses by the Portland Rose society.
The piece will be presented by Miss
Anne Dempsey and Miss Anna, L.
KlageL two girls who served overseas
as army nurses. The floral piece was
prepared yesterday by H. J. Blaesing,
president of the Portland Rose so
ciety, and Jesse Currey. It will be
displayed this afternoon previous to
the banquet in the window of Clarke
Bros., Morrison street near Fifth
A reception and mass meeting will
follow at 8 o'clock In the armory,
where the famous war hero will ad
dress his former comrades. Tickets to
the banquet will also admit the bearer
to the mass meeting.
Veterans in uniform or with the
membership card of the American
Legion will be admitted to the lower
floor at the mass meeting, the gen
eral public taking the balcony. A)
10 o'clock the marshal will retire
again to his private car.
During the absence of Marshal
Foch out the highway National Com
mander MacNIder will hold 'confer
ences with American Legion officials
in legion headquarters at Sixth and
Pine streets. The officers of about
50 posts of the state In addition to
state officials are expected to be In
Portland for this conference.
Count de Chambrun, who Is tour
ing the country with Marshal Foch,
is a great-grandson of Marquis de
LaFayette, who did such noble serv
ice for the colonies during the Revo
lutionary war.
The personnel of Marshal Foch's
party includes: Count de Chambrun.
General Pesticker, Major de Mierry,
Captain Lhopital, Dr. Andre, Colonel
Frank Parker, Lieutenant de Soubey
ran. Miles McCahill of the United
States secret service.
Traveling with National Command
er MncNlder are: Alton T. Roberts,
Franklin D'OHer, Raymond O. Brack
ett, Francis B. Drake, James A. Drain,
D. John Markey, Leo A. Stafford, C.
E. McCullough and J. M. Loughbor
outrh. The American Legion yesterday Is
sued a communication urging busi
ness houses along the line of march
to display flags today in honor of the
visit of the marshal
Former service men havs been
asked to don their uniforms.
Words having as many as ten dif
ferent meanings are common in the
Chinese language.
In Samoa nearly all the babies are
taught to swim by the time they ar
2 or 1 ysara old.
People, Average Human Nature and Little Amenities of Life Are Loved
by General of France.
ONDER what a marshal of
France thinks about?
This paraphrase of a famous
cartoonist's catch-line may well be
occasioned when it is remembered
that Marshal Ferdinand Foch, who is
visiting Portland, is making a tour of
35 states in record-breaking time as
the guest or the American Legion.
Forty million persons will have
seen him by the time he sails for
France, December 14, on the Paris:
thousands will have grasped his
hand; the "Marseillaise" will have
been rendered by hundreds of bands;
scores of little girls with flowers will
have been kissed; hundreds of pres
ents, from the Montana wildcat to
the Oregon rose, will have been pre
sented. The statistics are positively
itut what of the intimate side of
Marshal Foch, greatest military lead
er of modern times? What does he
eat, smoke, comment, wear, say?
Foch Kindly Old Gentleman.
According 'to a member of the
American Legion Foch entertainment
committee. Marshal Foch Is essential
ly a simple, affable, kindly, elderly
gentleman, who knows war as a stu
dent and hates It as a man; who loves
people and average human nature and
the little amenities of life.
"I can now understand the great
ness of your American soldTer," said
the marshal in Washington, on com
pletion of the first leg of his trip,
"for I now havs seen his wife, his
parents and his native land."
The marshal frequently has ex
pressed his gratitude at the recep
tions given to him; nevertheless, it is
characteristic of the man that he be
lieves the honors are being bestowed
through him on France. The legion
offered to let the marshal bring along
his own chef on the trip, but he re
fused and eats the regular dining car
meals what time he Is not partaking
of banquet fried chicken. He is fond
of thick soups and plain roasts. Pie
has not yet won Its way into his con
fidence but Ice cream has become a
Curves' Briar Pipe Used.
Marshal Foch is attached to a
curved briar pipe that he loads with
French tooacco. 'At formal affairs,
the pipe of course gives way to a
Throughout th trip, except on the
occasion of the burial of the un
known soldier In Arlington cemetery
on Armistice day, Marshal Foch has
worn the horizon-blue French field
uniform.' On the one occasion hs wore
a full dress uniform. He carries only
two locker trunks with him on the
train many an American major tried
to take more Into the trenches.
Marshal Foch is Insistent on plenty
of reBt on the trip and his remarkable
self-control is shown by the fact that
he sleeps soundly despite the excite
ments of the day. In Providence,
R. I., he went from an afternoon
speech to a quiet room and snatched
ten minutes of slumber before start
ing on a parade. He usually sleeps
ten hours at night.
Yes, the marshal shaves himself,
using the old-fashioned straight-edge
variety of razor and wielding it with
out evidence of accident, no matter
how sharp the curves may he. He
has two orderlies with him but
neither is a personal servant, in the
Brltishsarmy sense of the word. I
Prairies Win Admiration.
His chief interests? People, in
dustry, and again people. The great
Homestead Steel works in Pennsyl
vania elicited many questions from
him but a majority of the questions
concerned the workers In the mills;
how they lived, what they were paid,
how long they lasted. The prairies
and the Immense distances of the
west and northwest won his admira
tion. .It will bs remembered that the
marshal never before has traveled
I outside of France; also, that this is
his first holiday in years.
Hanford MacNIder, national com
mander of the American Legion, who
is accompanying the marshal on his
western trip, tells of Marshal Foch
turning to him in St. Paul and saying:
"It is not things I want to see, it Is
the men, women and children. Es
pecially the children, for there lies
the future of America."'
"This wonderful statement charac
terizes the marshal's, visit to Amer
ica," Mr. MacNIder continued. "He
has come here to pay his respects to
the men who served under him and to
the great American nation, In which
is mixed the blood of every country in
the world. The marshal wants to see
the American people In time of peace
and, as a great soldier who hates war,
to promote a real and just peace
which will make future wars impos
sible. "Marshal Foch represents to us not
only his own country but every allied
country whose armies fought under
his command. It was France, Great
Britain, Belgium. Italy and our other
allies who, fighting for their very ex
istence, held back the enemy while
we, unprepared, strove to build our
armies that we, too, might do our
duty to civilisation. They are grate
ful and do not forget that we did add
the men and ships and material
which, . inspired by the leadership of
the great marshal, made victory pos
sible. "The very presence of this man who
commanded the greatest armies in
history, our own men among them,
will do more to inspire the American
people and to bind together the great
friendship of the allies than can be
accomplished by any International
agreements. To every American who
served under his command, to every
American who may see and hear him
or even read his messages to our peo
ple has come the realization of the
high Integrity and fine, simple great
ness of the man. To him goes at once
our love and a silent pledge to do
our part to carry out his deepest de
sire a just peace and a safe peace
for all the world."
Descendant of France's First Pres
ident Hands Bouquet to Marshal.
TACOMA, Wash., Nov. SO. (Spe
cial.) When Marshall Ferdinand
Foch stepped from his train in Ta
coma this, afternoon he was greeted
by Miss Nancy Thiers, young Tacoma
girl, who Is the great-great-great-granddaughter
of Louis Adolphe
Thiers, first president of France. Miss
Thiers passed a great bouquet of
roses to the marshal, who smiled
broadly and spoke in French, for the
descendants of the great statesman
could answer only in English.
Thousands of Tacomaiu who had
hoped to pack the Tacoma stadium
this afternoon to welcome Marshal
Foch were disappointed through a
downpour of rain that transferred
the ceremony to the national armory
with a limited capacity of 3000 per
sons. The otner thousands, however,
surrounded the union station as the
train pulled into the city and lined
the streets through which the parade
marched, greeting the distinguished
French soldier with cheers' and wav
ing hats and flags.
In addition to his address, during
which he expressed gratitude to Hugh
Wallace of Tacoma, ex-ambassador
to France, the feature of Marsha
Foch's visit was the planting by him
of a memorial tree in Wright park.
The special train left Tacoma at 5
P. M., scheduled to reach Portland at
1:30 P. M., it being announced that
the stop at Centralis., Wain., would bt
surtailad to 10 minutes.
The American public Is keen to
know the details of the Foch career
a career that brought him suddenly
before the dark curtain of war as
the leader of the allied hopes and
generalissimo of the allied armies,
with more than 6.000,000 men actually
under his command on the western
front. Though military men long had
known of him and his ability, and
though he had written his name
across the page of conflict, to the
world at large Foch was an instan
taneous ' and inspirational figure
with power that wholly eclipsed the
might of Napoleon, of Hannibal, of
Caesar and Alexander.
He was born at Tarbes in the
Pyrenees, 70 years ago October 2
The senior Foch was a civil service
employe in humble circumstances,
and the Foch family for generations
had been wool dealers. He was third
of a family of four, this destined
marshal of France, and he attended
the little local school at Tarbes.
Thence he went to the College of St.
Michel at St. Ktlenne, and evinced a
remarkable aptitude for history and
mathematics. In his 18th year young
Ferdinand entered the College at St.
Clement, at Metz. the famous pre
paratory school for the Polytechnlqus
and St. Cyr.
. Officer Itisea Rapidly.
War became an actuality to him
when France and Prussia clashed In
1870. .but to his grief he saw no
active service, though commissioned
as a lieutenant in the fourth regi
ment: Saddened by the French defeat
he re-entered Metz, then Germany
territory by conquest, and prepared
for the Ecole Poyltechnique. Hln
tests were satisfactorily passed and
In 1S71 he entered the celebrated
military school. In his second year
of study he applied for entrance to
the Ecole d'Appllcation at Fontaine
bleau, whence had come a call for
artillery and engineer officers. With
the rank of second lieutenant he
graduated in 1874 and was assigned
to the 24th regiment, then stationed
at Tarbes, his birthplace.
From this period the rise of the
ambitious young officer was rapid.
In 1876 he finished fourth in his class
at the School of Cavalry at Saumur,
and in 1878 was commissioned as a
captain in the tenth artillery regi
ment at Rennes, where we wedded
Mademoiselle Julie Bicnvenue. His
studious application and ability di
rected official attention toward him
and he was soon summoned to Paris
to enter the Ecole de Kuerre, or
School of War, as a student. He
graduated in 18S7, again fourth in
his class, served for a short period on
the divisional staff and returned to
Paris in 1891 as a major attached to
the general stall.
Professorship Is Won.
That goal of the French military
expert, a membership on the faculty
of the staff college, became his in
1805, when he was appointed asso
ciate professor of strategy, winning
promotion the following year to a
lieutenant-colonelcy and a full pro
fessorship. They are fond of saying
in France today, and elsewhere, for
that matter, that the soundness of
his teaching was abundantly proved
by his application of the same princi
ples in battle 18 years later. In 1907
he was made a brigadier-general and
a place on the general staff of the
French army. The School of War
was retrogressing and Premier Cle
menceau, "Tiger of France," was
casting about for a new head to the
institution. It was to Foch that he
offered the post.
"Perhaps," suggested the future
generalissimo, "you have not heard
that my brother is a priest."
"I don't care a d - - n about that."
exploded the premier. You will
make a good director that's all that
I care."
German Plunge Stayed.
In 1911 General Foch left the war
school and re-entered actual service
as commander of a division and later
of the 20th corps. He was on leave
with his family when the pistol shot
of Sarajevo roused a continent to
war. He hastened back to his com
mand, and the 20th corps was de
tailed to protect the town of Nancy
where, after years of waiting and
incessant application, there came his
opportunity to give answer for the
defeat of France in the Franco-Prussian
war. Joffre summoned him to
the command of the ninth French
army on the Marne. In the stress
and tumult of the fighting he was
told that his son and his son-in-law
had given their lives for the tri
color. But his immediate concern
was to stay the German plunge
toward Paris. Jn those September
days it seemed that the Prussian
boast was near to fulfillment.
"My men are exhausted!" reported
one of his generals.
"So are the Germans." answered
Foch. "You will attack."
Allied Command Taken.
From his record on this field there
came to Foch the splendid recogni
tion of appointment as grand com-mand-er
of the legion of honor. He
was given the task of co-ordinating
the efforts of the French, British and
Belgians between the Oise and the
sea. To his tact and genius is ac
credited the success of this important
project. Thereafter he collaborated
with the British command in the bat
tle of the Somme and served as
tactical advisor to Joffre. being made
chief of staff in May. 1917.
His mission to Italy followed in
September, when he induced the
Italians to maintain their stand.
Upon his return he headed the inter
allied war council at Versailles. Bv
this time there was a wide demand
among the allied leaders for his ap
pointment to the supreme command,
but the suggestion was not acted
upon until British reverses were suf
fered in March, 1918.
On March 26, 1918, the descendant
of Pyrenees' wool dealers became
generalissimo of all allied forces on
the western front literally the man
of the hour, but actually one who
had devoted a lifetime to preparation
for fitness.' It was he who directed
the defensive campaigns. In April and
May. that held the frantlo ferocity of
the Germans until the Americans en
tered in force. The rest is well
known history. On Auaruct 7. 1918.
Foch was made marshal of France.
Again and again, with superb con
fidence and Judgment, he pounded
the wavering German lines now
with ths Amerloan troops, with the
British, with the French. Within six
months he had forced the end of the
war and the German signatures to ths
Aberdeen Men See Foch.
ABERDEEN, Wash., Nov. 30. (Spe
cial.) Thirty Aberdeen veterans, In
full overseas equipment, including
packs and trench helmets, attended
the reception for Marshal Foch at
Centralia tonight. The Aberdeen dele
gation was led by Pat McNamara,
commander of the Aberdeen legion
post. Among the harbor delegation
was Rev. John W. Beard, decorated
chaplain of the 91st division.
Mrs. Mahoney's Niece on Stand in
Effort to Establish Document.
SEATTLE, Wash., Nov. SO. (Spe-
cial.) Mrs. Kate Stewart, niece of I
a characteristic of our or
ganization, created to fulfill
the exacting demands of a
Guaranteed Dyeing and
Cleaning Service
' i!Sfirai;Ss5i
Les ci toy ens dc )a Ville des Roses
honorent a faire honneur au
Generaljssime des A rmees AJliees
he souvenir de cette visite
restera imperissable chez nous
I7 The Quality Store f-rt
Kate M. Mahoney. was on the stand
in superior court today in an effort
to establish a purported last will of
the murdej-ed woman, bequeathing
her estate to Mrs. Stewart and her
sister, Mrs. Carrie Hewett. This pur
ported will has never been found, but
a carbon copy was Introduced at the
hearing late yesterday by W. D.
Lambuth, an attorney, who said he
drew it. T. A. Somers testified he
acknowledged the will. Mrs. Stewart
said Mrs. Mahoney showed the will to
her at the Ethelton hotel April 15.
Mrs. Mahoney was murdered April
1. Mr. Lambuth testified he drew
two wills, one for Mrs. Mahoney and
one for James E. Mahoney, February
26. Each made the other sole heir
In these wills. It was three days
thnf ifra Mnhonev nlcned the
will leaving her estate to her nieces.
Mr. aeposea.
Douglas Court for Highway.
ROSERURO, Or.. Nov. 30 fPpe-
3-Piece Suits
Including Minor
clal.) The members of the Douglas
county court left this afternoon for
Marshfield where they will attend the
conference of the Roosevelt Highway
association. The court Intends to use
Its Influence In the support of the
highway. On the return trip the
court will Inspect the work being
done on the lower section of the Rose-burg-Keedsport
Phone your want ads to The Orego-
nlan. Main 7070. Automatic SSO-9S.
Think of This
A woman who prepares the family
meals walks two miles a day with
out going anywhere! Just In ths
kitchen. Back' and forth. An expert
in home economics found it out by
means of a pedometer.
More miles would make a man's
size total for a woman's day If you
Include the sweeping, dusting, an
swering the telephone. And still more
If there's any time left for shopping,
calling or airing the baby.
No wonder a woman is tired at
night (the reason for which no man
Can ever understand).
How much easier those miles v ould
b'e In Cantilever Shoes! How much
lighter the burden of the day's work!
How much fresher and happier when
the long winter evening closes in!
For the arch In Cantilever Shoes Is
flexible (not stiff, as In all ordinary
shoei). The shoe harmonizes with
every step of the foot, the arch of
which likewise Is flexlhle. The Canti
lever Instep fits up snugly, giving
restful support while it eases the
movements of the foot. The heels ars
sensibly stylish, the toes are just
right to be comfortable and modish.
"I feel like Winged Mercury every
tims I walk in my Cantilever Shoes,"
said a trained nurse to us.
There is a day of comfort and an
evening of contentment for every
woman, even though the work of the
home be dreary. If she will only help
her happln'ss by wearing Cantilever
Shoes. Sold In Portland on fr Vr the
Cantilever Shoe Store, 15 ASp U
Portland, Or Adv.
mmmmumnt ..