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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 22, 1921)
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TORTLAND, OREGf 'TUESDAY, XOVE3IBEK 22, 1921
PRICE FIVE CENTS
TRAIN STALK, 150
TIE-UP OF RAILROADS
IS REPORTED WORSE
SERVICE IX AND OUT OF PORT
LAND STILL DEMORALIZED.
FLOOD WASHES AWAY 'CTflPiyi
CTfiDCQ AT CUCDinAM U ullltl
BY RIVER WRECKAGE
MUCH DAMAGE CAUSED BY
RISE IS AVILLAMETTE.
FRANCE TO KEEP
BUSINESS. DISTRICT CLOSED;
TRAVELER S BROUGHT BACK
CITY IX DARKNESS.
TO PORTLAXD BY BOAT.
Nearby Towns, However,
Get No Relief.
Burnside Bridge Is Threat
ened by Jams of Logs
9000 PHONES ARE USELESS
Efforts to Open Up Railways
to Traffic Meet Little
Success; Detours Used.
STORM DEVELOPMENTS YES
TERDAY. Burnside bridge menaced by
Telephone damage soars to
Willamette river approaching
First trains detoured to east
by way of Tacoma.
More than 3000 telephones out
Hundreds of homes cut off
from lights; arc service cur
tailed on east side.
Water main breaks repaired.
On meager reports received,
weather bureau predicts warm
er weather today; temperature
rose from 40 to 56 degrees in
35 minutes last night.
While the storm loosened its grip
on Portland yesterday, conditions
which have practically held the city
storm-bound from eastern communi
cations of any kind since Saturday
had grown worse throughout the day.
The sleet-laden east wind continued
beating along the Columbia highway
from Corbett to the rim of the city
beyond the hill In Rose City and in
the Montavllla section.
Corbett, Troutdale, Gresham and
adjacent points were gripped in the
worst storm in the memory o.' oldest
inhabitants there. Beyond Corbett no
communications of any kind had been
Willamette River Rising.
The Willamette r'ver was rising
rapidly with every indication of
reaching flood stage of 15 feet today.
The Burnside bridge, which was
Btruck by a Jam of runaway booms
and drift, was menaced to the extent
that the county court was consider
ing closing it last night to avert pos
sible disaster. Should a similar Jam
at the Hawthorne bridge give way
the destruction of part of the Burn
side span was considered almost in
evitable. Property damage, mounting by each
report from territory immediately ad
jacent to Portland, had approached the
half-million mark, with no accurate
check on the irreparable damage to
orchards in the country northeast of
Portland to Corbett, where practically
every orchard Is smashed flat to the
Trains Sent By Delotir.
Outward rail communication to the
east was begun yesterday by the Union
Pacific, which detoured two trains by
way of Tacoma and Yakima. The first
eastern trains to reach Portland since
Saturday will be brought by the Union
Pacific by the same detour route to
day. Huge crews were dispatched up
the river by steamer to work on the
The Pacific Telephone & Telegraph
company had 9000 telephones out In
the city laBt night with the number
mounting every hour, even in the dis
tricts where the ice sheet had melted.
C. E. Hickman, commercial super
intendent, announced that by rough
estimates it would take (300.000 to
repair, the damage.
The telepnune company had an
emergency crew of 500 men at work
yesterday in Portland proper and 100 1
men on the main line, which runs east
and up the Columbia highway. The
crew will be Increased to 900 men this
morning, with 600 in the city and 300
on the Columbia highway eastern
The steamer Madallne was charterel
last night and left up the river with
100 men. She will anchor at some
convenient point and will care for the
crews working on the telephone line
along the highway.
Columbia Toll 3ervire Demoralized.
J It will cost $150,000 to open one
east toll lead. Mr. Hickman declared
last night, and an additional $160,000
or more will be required to restore
the city service.
No possible prediction could be
made as to how soon the city tele
phones would be In working order.
The work should be well under way
by Wednesday, however, unless more
serious trouble Is encountered, ac
cording to Mr. Hickman. Toll serv
ice to points south, both on the east
and west side of the Willamette, was
still badly demoralized. Oswero was
(Concluded uu Page C, Column 1.)
Two Highway Bridges Go Out;
AYillamina Residents Forced to
Move or Take to Boats.
SHERIDAN, Or., Nov. 21. (Spe
cial.) Sheridan was in total dark
ness last night, several bridges have
been damaged and all stores along
the principal street have been closed
because of flood conditions here. Tele
graph wires are down. Owners of the
15 main stores along Bridge street
were all forced to vacate and much
damaged to stocks la reported..
Several stores along Main street
were carried away by the flood. Some
residences and barns have also been
badly damaged. The bridge connect
ing the north and south parts of town
across the Yamhill is being repaired
and is open to traffic. Two small
highway bridges spanning feeders of
the Yamhill river between Sheridan
and Wlllamina were washed away. Ne
trains are running between these two
towns. The Southern Pacific railroad
bridge west of Sheridan has been
damaged by the storm.
Reports from Wlllamina bring
news that that town is under water
in many places and that residents
In the western part of town have
been forced to move or take to boats.
It has not been possible so far to
estimate the damage here. The dam
age to the electric light plant alone
Is several' thousand dollars. The
loganberry and fruit industry on the
river bottom land has suffered
SHIP FIRE LAID TO PLOT
Attempt to Wreck Craft Carrying
Porto Rico Governor Suspected.
'NEW YORK. Nov. 21. Searching In
vestigation was begun today by fed
eral agents of a mysterious fire dis
covered in the hold of the steamship
Tanamo immediately below the state
room of Governor E. Mont Reilly of
Porto Kico shortly after the liner
sailed from San Juan.
Governor Reilly refused to comment
on the fire today, but a member of his
party expressed the belief which he
said was shared by the captain of the
vessel, that it had been set as the
result of a plot against the govern
ment by sympathizers of the national
Heroic efforts of the Tanamo's crew,
however, beat the fire down so that
it was almost extinguished when the
steamer arrived late yesterday.
ALIMONY IS CONTESTED
State Senator Coman of Spokane
Charges Duress In Answer.
SPOKANE, Wash., Nov. 21. E. T.
Coman, state senator, today filed an
answer to the suit started by Mrs.
Sallle Wllcoxson Coman for the col
lection of alimony, alleged to be de
linquent. In bis answer. Senator Coman as
serted that he ergned the alimony con
tract for the payment of $500 a month
In the face of threats made by his
wife that she would make public
charges which would cause his re
moval as president of a Spokane bank
and also cause him to leave the city.
Continuing, the answer stated that he
resigned from the bank presidency
because of ill-health in January, 1921,
and that his only Income now Is from
(75,000 worth of Investments. He said
that Mrs. Coman, herself, was worth
ROBBER PLEADS GUILTY
' Tacoma Youth Admits Looting of
Bank at Roy, "Wash.
I TACOMA. Wash.,- Nov. 21. C. H.
Perkins, 24, today pleaded guilty to
the robbery of the bank at Roy, Wash.,
when arraigned in superior court.
Sentence was deferred. Perkins was
arrested In Butte last week.
H. L. Tucker, 29, is held In the coun
ty Jail here and J. W. Wheeler, 30,
is under arrest at Stanley, N. D.,
charged with being the other two rob
bers who entered the bank a week
ago, locked the cashier and a woman
clerk in the vault and escaped in a
stolen automobile with $4200 in cash.
All three men are Tacoma residents.
MERCURY RISES RAPIDLY
Jump From 40 to 56 Degrees Made
Here in 35 Minutes.
The quickest rise of temperature
ever recorded at the local office of
the weather bureau took place yes
terday afternoon when the thermom
eter went from 40 degrees to 56 de
grees in 35 minutes. The rise began
at 4:25 P. M. and was completed at
5 o'clock. At 6:30 it was still hold
ing at 56 degrees.
From 8 o'clock yesterday morning
until 5 o'clock last night, .31 of an
Inch of rain fell at Portland, accord
ing to the weather bureau gauge. In
the 24 hours preceding 6 P. M. yes
terday the precipitation was 1.01
HOLDUP LOOT IS $50,000
C li i en KO Jewelry Store Reported
Robbed by Armed Bandits.
CHICAGO. Nov. 21. Police today
were Investigating a report by Henry
Stern, a Jeweler, that three armed
robbers held up two clerks and him
self in a store this morning and es
caped with Jewelry valued at $50,000.
Sergeant Patrick Bonner said a pa
trol sergeant and a policeman were
within half a block of the store and
did not see the robbers, who were re
ported to have fled by the frontdoor.
Washington Snow Melts;
Oregon Relieved Some.
RIVERS KEEP RISING FAST
Crest of Flood in Tillamook
BRIDGES ARE WASHED OUT
Molalla on Rampage and Waters
in Willamette Valley Go Vp
Rapidly Roads Damaged.
HIGHLIGHTS OP STORM IS
OREGON AND WASH
Gresham, Or. Damage from
storm is estimated at $500,000.
. Vancouver, Wash. Clarke
county escapes brunt of storm,
but rivers, including Columbia,
Tillamook, Or. Rain storm
sends rivers out of banks. Two
bridges and trestle washed
away. Lowlands and farm
Seattle, Wash. Blizzard In
western Washington abates
somewhat Snow 23 inches in
Everett, Wash. Snow 40
Inches deep at east portal of
Salem, Or. Willamette river
up to 21 feet and still rising.
Chehalls, Wash. Flood of
Chehalls and Newaukum valleys
threatened. Steady downpour
Centralia, Wash. Building
collapses under heavy snow.
Yakima, Wash. Business still
at standstill. Valley under 18
Inches of snow. . ,
.' Oregon City. Pipeline ' over
Clear creek Is washed out.
Clackamas river way up and
Molalla river is out of banks.
Astoria, Or.-tGale of 57 miles
rages outside heads.
The storm which for more than
two days had held Oregon and Wash
ington under tis leash yesterday ap
peared to be broken at some points
while at others it was continuing
with little or no abatement.
From both states came reports of
rising streams, driving many fam
ilies out of their homes and inundat
ing much of the lowland country.
Communication everywhere was de
moralized and the amount of damage
ran into many hundreds of thousands
Because of the wire trouble, only
(Concluded on Page 7. Column 1.)
r - ......... ............ ..
RIGHT NOW THE HORSE SEEMS TO BE LEADING THEM TO WATER. ;j
i ----- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ----
Dalles Man Tells of Thrilling Ex
perience at Multnomah Falls
as Result of Slides.
The steamer J. N. Teal arrived at
the Taylor-street dock at 6:46 o'clock
last night with passengers from Union
Pacific train No. 4. which left Union
station here Saturday night and be
came marooned at Multnomah Falls.
There were 150 passengers taken from
the train and brought back to the
city. The steamer attempted to make
a landing Sunday night, but the wind
was too heavy.
"It was the greatest experience of
my life," E. P. Lewis,-specialty sales
man of The Dalles, one of the res
cued passengers, said last night after
"There was every chance for a
panic but the trainmen handled all
details so well while we were ma
rooned at the falls that really -most
of us trudged along down the one
half mile to the' boat this morning
feeling cheerful. The only mishap
was that of James Arthur of The
Dalles, who, when helping an elderly
woman over the snow, became ill and
was carried on the boat. He soon re
covered. "We had plenty to eat all the time.
Until S o'clock Sunday afternoon
there was heat on the train. After
that everybody went to bed except
those who sat up and sang and told
"Our train was immediately in front
of the falls. Immediately behind and
in front of us there were slides so
that we were completely shut in.
"Out of Portland Saturday night our
train was preceded by a snow plow.
As the plow, quickly followed by the
passenger train, touched Multnomah
Falls station there was a tremendous
slide benlnd us which partly covered
one of the coaches. Immediately in
front the plow plunged into another
slide and we were stalled.
"Matters moved all right Saturday
night but Sunday morning the women
began to get anxious. The men made
of themselves a cheer chorus and sang
and told stories. While the meals
were portioned equally and all had
enough when the heat went off Sun
day afternoon the cheerfulness ebbed
somewhat but the men kept up the
Jollity for effect.
"We heard the whistle of the steam
er J. N. Teal Sunday night, but did
not know that it was coming up the
liver to rescue us. When the steamer
teturned and made a landing yester
day morning at 11 o'clock we re
joiced. . Some men carried the chil
dren and baggage, while others car
ried or supported elderly women to
the steamer, half a mile distant.
"The snow in places was six feet
deep, but there was an ice crust and
v. alklng was not difficult. At Mult
nomah the snow was three feet deep
cn the level."
Mr. Lewis said that passengers from
seven motor cars were staying at the
Hazelwood restaurant at Multnomah
Falls for the thaw to come. The
ranger who had gone on the snow
up and down the highway reported
no people caught in drifts.
Electrical Meeting November 28.
SALEM, Or., Nov. 21. (Special.)
A conference will be held in the of
fices of the Oregon public service
commission here November 2S to con
sider the adoption of a uniform sys
tem of extension as1 it affects the
electrical utilities of the state. Rep
resentatives of all electrical utilities
will be in attendance at the session.
Passengers Are Not Believed to Be
Suffering From Want of Food;
Relief Parties Leave.
Rail service in and out of Portland
continued to 'be demoralized yester
day, with the general situation grow
ing worse Instead of better. The
mala lines of the Southern Pacific,
Union Pacific and the Spokane, Port
land St Seattle railway leading into
Portland all were out of service. The
Southern Pacific was blocked by a
washout at Jefferson and the other
reads by snow and Ice. By detouring
the Southern Pacific was continuing
Adding to the perplexities was the
almost absolute discontinuance of any
kind of telephone or telegraph com
munication in the marooned districts.
With passenger trains of the North
Bank road and the Union Pacific ma
rooned in the Colombia river gorge,
officials were making every effort to
get relief to those aboard. Those
efforts are meeting with dishearten
ing results, especially on the north
That road has two passenger trains
marooned, one at Cooks and the other
at Roosevelt, 147 miles out and tied
up in snow and ice. One attempt yes
terday to clear the track with a rot
ary plow, starting from this end, met
with no success. Another rotary was
sent out from Vancouver. The track
at this end was covered with ice four
to eight Inches thick. It was not be
lieved passengers on these trains
would Buffer from hunger.
On the Oregon trunk line, train No.
102 from Bend was stuck in 22 feet
of snow and the train was without
diner service. Relief was being sent
afoot by messengers. The train
which left Bend Saturday night was
stopped five miles north of Metollus.
Engines started from either end have
been lost in the drifts.
No train service will be attempted
on the Spokane, Portland & Seattle
line until a way is cleared on the
main line. There was little wire com
munication and no prediction could
be made as to renewal of service un
til word is received from those in
charge of the rotary engines.
On the Union Pacific, while trains
were still marooned in snow drifts in
the gorge, officials voiced little fear
of any suffering, as the passengers
were being cared for at stations. Yes
terday afternoon four trains of the
Union Pacific were marooned In the
gorge. From one of thera the pas
sengers had been removed. Attempts
were being made to bring those pas
sengers into Portland on the steamer
J. N. Teal.
No. 19 of the Union Pacific, due
here Sunday night, was at Celllo, with
the engine off the track. No. 4, which
left here Saturday night, was at Mult
nomah falls. It was to this point the
J. N. Teal was sent yesterday. No.
12. which left here Saturday night for
Spokane was at Bridal Veil. The pas
sengers were eating at the hotel there.
No. 11 of the Union Pacific was
marooned behind a Spokane, Port
land & Seattle train at Lyle on the
North Bank. Another Union Pacific
train was at Bonneville, but the pas
sengers had been brought to Port
land Sunday night aboard the steamer
J. N. Teal.
- The Union Pacific, according to
H. W. Hicks, traveling passenger
agent, resumed eafitbound passen-
(Concluded on Page 8. Column &
Resolution Is Adopted at
Fan East Session.
MR. ROOT PRESENTS PLAN
Territorial and Administra
tive Rights Included.
STEP CALLED BIG ONE
Approach to Solution of All Diffi
culties in Pacific Seen by
WASHINGTON, D. C, Nov. 21. (By
the Associated Press.) A resolution
declaring for the territorial and ad
ministrative integrity of China was
adopted unanimously late today by
the conference committee on Pacific
and far eastern questions.
The resolution, the first concrete
action of the armament limitation
conference, was drafted and presented
by Elihu Root, an American delegate.
An agreement embodying the reso
lution was signed by eight powers.
China refrained from attaching her
signature, it was said, because she
could not . very well pass on a docu
ment expressing a policy concerning
Whole Solution Held Near.
One of the delegates declared with
reference to the agreement that "a
long step already has been taken
towards formulating of the far eaot
"The firm intention" of the eight
signatory powers was asserted "to re
spect the sovereignty, independence
and the territorial and administra
tive integrity of China."
The further intention "to provide
the fullest and most unembarrassed
opportunity to China," to develop an
effective' and stable government was
asserted. The purpose of the powers.
it was declared, was to use their in
fluence in establishing and maintain
ing the principle of equal opportu
nlty for the commerce and industry of
all nations throughout the territory
Pledge Made by Powers.
A pledge was made to "refrain from
taking advantage of the present con
ditions" In China to seek special priv
ileges which might abridge rights of
friendly nationals and also to refrain
from "countenancing action inimical
to the security of certain states."
Adoption of the resolution followed
two hours' discussion of Chinese prob
lems at today's meeting of the dele
gates of the nine powers in commit
tee of the whole on Pacific and far
eastern questions. The discussion
was said to have been general and
participated in by spokesmen for al!
the principal nations involved.
The Root resolution, It was learned,
was one of the principal subjects of
discussion yesterday ac the meeting
of the fcur American delegates.
Declaration Held Important.
The declaration in the Root resolu
tion for administrative Integrity of
China was said by the delegates to be
very significant and important. While!
there have been declarations In the
past for territorial integrity for China,
such declarations, it was Baid, never
before have gone to the extent of de
claring for administrative integrity.
The Root resolution was said to
have been the principal topic at the
committee meeting today. Other Chi
nese questions are to be taken up at
another meeting of the committee at
11 o'clock tomorrow.
"The firm Intention" of the eight
signatory powers was asserted "to
respect the sovereignty, independ
ence and the territorial and adminis
trative integrity of China."
The further Intention "to provide
the fullest and most unembarrassed
opportunity to China" to develop an
effective and stable government was
asserted. The purpose of the powers,
it was declared, was to use their in
fluence in "establishing and main
taining the principle of equal oppor
tunity for the commerce and indus
try of all nations throughout the ter
ritory of China."
Communique Is Issued.
The following communique was is
"The committee on Pacific and far
eastern questions met and discussed
a Beries of resolutions prepared for
their consideration by Senator Root,
setting forth the general principles
to guide the committee in its furthej
Investigation in regard to 'China,
which after" full discussion and
amendment were adopted in the fol
"It is the firm intention of the
powers attending this conference
hereinafter mentioned, to-wit: The
United States of America, Belgium,
the British empire, France, Italy,
Japan, The Netherlands and Portugal.
"1. To respect the sovereignty, the
Independence and the territorial and
administrative integrity of China.
"2. To provide the fullest and most
unembarrassed opportunity to China
to develop and maintain for herself
an effective and stable government.
". To use their Influence for the
purpose of effectually establishing
and maintaining the principle of equal
(Concluded on Fas 2, Column 2.)
Big Barge Breaks Loose and. Gets
Entangled With Liog Jam; House
boat, Residents Routed.
Much damage, and more inconven
ience than damage, were caused by
the rapidly rising waters of the Wil
lamette. A large barge filled with
heavy machinery broke Ioom from its
moorings above the Hawthorne bridge
about 9:30 o'clock yesterday morn
ing and came bowling down with the
current, threatening destruction of
anything In its path. It became en
tangled with the log jam which had
formed against the piers of the Haw
thorne bridge and was held there for
a time. A few minutes later it broke
loose again, werlt under the Haw
thorne and Morrison bridges in safety
and was caught by a tug before it
reached the Burnside bridge.
Houseboat residents at Fulton were
driven ashore in scanty costumes
early in the morning when it was
feared that their floating homes were
going down the river. The house
boats were secured, however.
All lower docks were vacated last
evening in anticipation of a flood
stage in the river early today. Ample
warning was given by the weather
bureau to permit the moving of all
perishable property from the lower
Kight pontoons used by the, engi
neer corps of the national guard in
training work broke loose at Clack
amas and were reported on their way
down the Willamette.
A man telephoned from the foot
of California street to the harbor
I police that he had secured a sailboat
with two masts, which came floating
by. There was nothing about the
boat to indicate its ownership.
Although practically no reports
were received from up-river points
by the local weather bureau office.
Forecaster Wells last night adhered
to his prediction made earlier In the
day that the freshet in the Willamette
would run off at a crest not to exceed
15 feet, that stage to be reached this
Albany reported a stage of IT feet
yesterday morning, but as no report
was received Sunday, and none yes
terday evening, the rate of rise could
not be determined. Salem reported a
rise of 4.2 feet to a stage of 21 feet
since 8 A. M. yesterday, and the river
was still rising rapidly when the
report was made last evening.
PAY CONFERENCE CALLED
Southern Pacific Plans Readjust
ment of Wuges.
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 21. The
Southern Pacific company has called
conferences of all Its railway em
ployes to "negotiate a revision of
rates of pay," it was announced offi
cially tonight at company headquar
The management's wage proposals
In practice, It is believed, will amount
substantially to re-establishment of
wage scales that were In effect at
the end of the period of federal con
trol, March 1, 1920. The statement
was given with the authority of J. H.
Dyer, general manager.
BRITISH FAIR SUPPORTED
Gunrantees for Project in 1923 Al
ready Exceed 730,000.
LONDON, Nov. 21,--Guarantecs in
support of the projected British Em
pire exhibition in 1923 already exceed
Glasgow contributed 80,000 to this
total, while Liverpool raised 35.000
and Bradford 21,000. Excellent re
ports have been received from other
leading English and Scottish towns.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
Pekln government Inadequate and Irre
sponsible, declares Japane,. Page 2.
Territorial and administrative Integrity
granted China. Page 1.
Germany could ratse big army, Brl&nd tells
conference. Page 3-
France to keep army, Mr. Brland tells
conference. Page 1.
Commission Issues oidr for cuts in hay
ana grain rates. fage 3.
House adopts tax conferees' report. Page B.
Wilson struggles to keep neutral. Pag 5.
Definite progress in naval plan forecast
Party In Arbuckle suite recalled at trial.
F!ood washes away stores at Sheridan.
Multnomah football team may be In line
to play eastern eleven. Page 14.
Duck hunting good In spite of storm.
Commercial and Marine.
Delay In arrival of turkey supply unset
tles local market. Page 21.
Profit-taking checks advance In wheat at
Chicago. Page 21.
All classes of bonds in strong demand.
Dutch steamshp will tk Oregon apples
to Rotterdam. Page 20.
Portland and Vicinity.
Bridges threatened by wreckage as result
of rise In Willamette river. Ptge 1.
Shrine royal party here for two days.
Portland Is freed of storm's grip. Page 1.
Tie-up of railroads is reported worse.
Campaign to win atate election for 1828
fair promoters' next task. Page IS.
Plans under way for entertainment of Mar
shal Foch and commander MacNIder,
Majority creditors to get assets of Morris
Brothers. Ine Page IS.
Columbia highway region east of Crown
Point blasted by storm. Page 0.
Transfer of members tn grange proposed.
Gubernatorial boom for Louis Bean begun.
John W. Todd takes stand on fraud
charges. Page 15.
Boom endangers Burnside bridge. Page 9.
Storm slackens In western area of Oregon
and Washington. Page 1.
Train passengers marooned at Multnomah
Falls brought back by boat. Page 1.
Necessity for Protection
MR. BRIAND IS APPLAUDED
Oratory on Land Armaments
GERMANY STILL FEARED
World J"iII Never I,eave France In
Moral Isolation, Mr. Ilulfour
BT MARK SULLIVAN.
(Copyright. l2l, by the New Tork Evening
Pot. Inc. Published by Arrangement.)
WASHINGTON. D. C, Nov. 21,
(Special.) Before the opening of the
conference on limitation of arma
ments there was curiosity and ex
pectation almost eual to that of the
first day's session. This was based
chiefly on the anticipation of hearing
Mr. lirland's oratory. His fame as a
speaker has come to Washington from
France. Also on one of the preceding
days it fell In Mr. Brland's way to
make a brief and unimportant speech,
which was, nevertheless, enough to
give Washington a hint of what Mr.
Brland can do when he really gets
under way. This is the day when
France and Mr. Brland are to "have
theirs." Mr. Brland Is going to tell
about land armament and about
France's necessity for a big army.
The subject of land armament is not
really in the conference. Nothing Is
Intended to be done about It. The
men who are dominant. In the con
ference have succeeded In keeping it
exactly whore they wanted it, name
ly, on the subject of naval armament
and the far east.
Urieffatea Seem Tired.
All this, of course, is expectation,
written while the doors are opening
and the crowds are coming in. It
may be possible for Mr. Brland's per
sonal power to turn the occasion
into something of world Importance.
But this Is a strictly "hard-boiled"
conference. In an entirely well meant
and desirable way, it is as much a
team roller affair as a well-managed
American political convention of the
old days. But nothing can excel the
spirit of anticipation in the audi
ence. They are expectli.g a great oc
casion. A speech by Mr. lirland Is
There Is a prolonged period of
photugraph-tuking under a queer
artificial light. In the strange light,
the delegates look, for the most part,
worn and tired.
l.uud Armament Considered.
But Mr. Hughes is fresh. He has
the stimulant of enormous success.
As he begins the proceedings he has
It in him to make a Joke. He saye
that whatever may be done about
armament, there is to be apparently
no limitation no photograph-taking.
Now Mr. Hughes plunges straight
into the subject of land armament.
He says America has little concern
with it. He says our regulur es
tablishment today Is only about 160.
000. But he says he realizes that
other countries are differently
situated. Mr. Hughes is making a
graceful and friendly opening for
Mr. Brland to begin. Every disposi
tion Is apparent to give Mr. Brland
the best atmosphere and the best
"send-off" possible. Now Mr. Hughes
introduces Mr. Briand. Mr. Hughes
first explains that Mr. Briand Is going
to make his speech in installments.
Mr. Brland will deliver a part of his
speech and let the translator trans
late it. Then Mr. Brland will deliver
bis next installment. That is an ex
cellent and characteristically French
way of making the speech easier
to follow and also dramatically more
Mr. Brland Thrills Audience.
Mr. Briand begins, slowly and
solemnly. He has wonderful com
mand of every detail of the art of
Let us all pay tribute to this man.
He was born to give passionate ex
pression to burning causes. There Is
a thrill for the audience every time
he says the word "La France." It
must be that four-fifths of this audi
ence do not understand French, but
hardly an eye falls to follow Mr.
Brland's gesture, and never an ear
misses a sound of his voice. There
Is intense attention. He tells the
familiar story of how France Is
situated, and repeats the familiar
argument why France cannot dis
arm, but must continue to fear. He
describes the Instability of Europe.
When the interpreter begins the firt
Installment 'of Mr. Brlan1's speech,
you realize how great Is the handicap
of language that Mr. Brland must
work under. The Interpreter has
none of Mr. Brland's magnetism. His
voice has no resonance and his
gesturee are pedantic. You feel sorry
for Mr. Brland that his power must
be chained by this handicap.
Spreck la Dramatic.
Now the Interpreter is done for the
moment and Mr. Brland begins tin
second installment of his speech. Mr
Briand is truly a real orator. Nothing
we have In America can approach
(Concluded on Page 3, Culuiur. 1.)