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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MOEXIXG OREGOMAX, THURSDAY. JULY 28, 1921
ESTABLISHED BY HENRY L. PITTOCK.
Published by The Oresonian PuDltahins; Co..
15 Sixth Street. Portland. Oregon.
C. A. JIORDEN'. E B. PIPER.
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CONGRESS SINGLES ITS JOB.
Protests from many directions
against the Fordney tariff render its
wholesale revision by the senate cer
tain. Several months of debate, then
several weeks of conference between
senate and house committees will
follow, deferring- final enactment of
a tariff till late fall or early winter.
While this is going on the people
will be called on to wait for that
which they most want revision of
internal taxes early enough to make
It apply to the income of this cal
endar year, to give prompt relief
from the waste of capital and the
vexatious exactions due to the pres
ent laws. Tariff revision could have
waited, for the emergency tariff law
meets present needs and can easily
be extended beyond the term set for
Congress has gone about the work
for which it was called in extra ses
sion wrong end to. This is due to
the retirement of old leaders, to the
failure of new men endowed with
the qualities of leadership to come
to the front, to the effect of the
seniority rule in pushing into posi
tions of leadership men of mediocre
talent for no other reason than that
they have the most years of con
tinuous service. The consequent
weakness of the majority is aggra
vated by its size, for this relaxes the
sense of party allegiance among
members and prevents the party
from forming and giving: effect to a"
collective will. It also makes oppor
tunity for a few members who know
precisely what they want to use their
positions on committees to lay their
wants before congress as party
Thus old-guard protectionists on
tha ways and means committee offer
a bill which combines high duties on
the general run of manufactures
with increased duties on farm prod
ucts, free import of manufactures
used by farmers and of some raw
materials for manufacture. The
protests that have come from unex
pected quarters and the changes that
the house has made in the bill ex
press the great modification of pub
lic opinion on the tariff which has
taken place in the last eight years
years of economic revolution. Manu
facturers are less interested in pro
tection for their products than in
ability to produce at prices enabling
them, to export. Farmers are not
conciliated by a duty "on hides,
which, they say, will benefit the
packers and raise the price of shoes
and harness for them. A duty on
petroleum provokes a cry that we do
not want to exclude imports, but to
encourage them in order to increase
our supply, lower prices and con
serve our own resources. The lum
ber industry fails to see the justice
of being exposed to Canadian com
petition in order that cheap lumber
may be secured to the farmer and
homebuilder In the cities.
These conflicts of interest and
opinion should have been antici
pated by relegation of the tariff
question to second place on the leg
islative programme, after that of in
ternal taxation. Always complex
through conflict of interests, the
tariff question is more than ever so
since the war has at one stroke made
us both an exporting nation and a
creditor nation which must collect
debts from abroad by having a large
balance of imports. To adjust the
tariff to this situation and at the
same time to give protection where
and in the measure needed requires
time without limit, for it requires
exhaustive inquiry, much delibera
tion and careful adjustment to the
needs of industry and commerce,
always with a careful eye to in
i Public opinion and public neces
sity will not brook the delay in tax
revision that would follow priority
for the tariff when all this labor is
Involved. Tax laws are doubly ob
solete ana injurious. They are a
piece of legislative imposture. They
pretend to tax the rich, the big in
comes and the excess profits, when
in fact they impose pyramided taxes
on the poor and people of moderate
means and exempt big incomes by
letting them flee into exempt bonds.
This is done when industry is de
pressed, millions are unemployed
and we need more capital to quicken
industry and put men to work. That
is an emergency which cannot await
completion of the ponderous task of
revision of the tariff.
If congress had had for leaders
some of the giants of former days
they would have framed a pro
gramme which put taxes first, tariff
second or farther down the line,
for they would have sensed the pub
lic desire and the logic of the situa
tion. They would have" conferred
with President Harding and would
have enlisted his authority as leader
of their party in support of their
programme. There being no such
leaders it was the more incumbent
on the president to take the reins.
His delay in doing- so sprang from
aversion to the least appearance of
dictation, but his temper is so well
understood that any moves he ha
made or may. make will be regarded
as advising and guiding, not dic
tating to congress. Without that
guidance legislation may fall into
such confusion that tax and tariff
bills may block one another's way,
preventing action on - either or on
several other momentous questions.
Mr. Harding's action on several
occasions proves both that he pre
ferred to be forced to take the lead
and that he was not reluctant to act
when circumstances forced him. For 1.
that reason his action has been al-
most unanimously approved, not only
by the people, but by congress
itself. If he would calf on congress
to give priority to- tax revision over
all other bills congress would obey
the more readily., because it must
recognize that the people are behind
the president and are impatient with
congress for having: wasted months
that should have brought solid re
sults. WATERFRONT IMPROVEMENT.
Improvement of . the Portland
waterfront, for many years the
wishful dream of those who believe
both in beauty and utility, seems
near at hand through the process of
private capital. . In a time when
public bond issues are frequently
proposed as additions to the burden
already carried, this willingness on
the part of private property to ac
cept its own responsibilities and.
finance its own improvements is
heartening. It is certain that any
municipal proposal, having a similar
purpose, would be defeated by the
voters despite the manifest ad
vantages of having a seemly and
well-equipped waterfront. Property
owners, in this instance, do not seem
disposed to shirk their duty, and it
is an appreciative public that ob
serves their attitude and approves
their project. .
Portland is a port, somewhat
jealous of her reputation as a port,
and desirous that every visitor, to
the city shall bear away the tidings
that her claims are well substan
tiated. It is the fact that to mans
visitors the attractions of a seaport
are not least of those the city can
offer. They wish to see the ships,
the wharves, the great docks and all
the maritime evidences that to them
are linked with commercial ro
mance. Tnelr pilgrimages to the
waterfront of today, though the
shops and wharves are there, can
not but prove disappointing. The
present condition makes only mod
erate claim on utility and none at
all on sightliness.
Improvement of the waterfront is
an important integer in the plan of
port development, of community
progress in general. Of itself it will
not make the port renowned, but as
it provides facilities in keeping -wfth
the sound and practicable character
of the port it will inevitably add to
the good impression created in ship
ping circles and elsewhere, and will
speed the word that Portland is one
of the great ports of the Pacific.
WORDS OF DREADFUL DOOM.
Leave it to Wilbur Glenn Voliva
of Zion City to draw the last gill of
gloom from any situation, even the
distraught weather. The torrid
summer that has come upon the
northern hemisphere, he solemnly
asserts, is but a foretaste of that tor
ture the planet must endure for its
sins. It must fry and sizzle as a
lost soul in perdition and cry in vain
for ice water and the keen, cool
vigor of rain.
"This summer," said the seer, "is
but a shadow of the heat that's com
ing. There is nothing ahead but
universal chaos and anarchy. Society
is doomed. There will be a heat
wave that will destroy two-thirds of
the inhabitants of the world, . and
the dead will lie from one end of the
earth to the other." (
The natural assumption of practical-minded
persons will be that
Wilbur has a touch of sun. But
prophecy must not so lightly be dis
posed of, nor disregarded, for the
reason that Zion City is forever
daubing danger signals with the red
paint of fanaticism. It should be
rationally considered. It must be.
Time and again Voliva has re
minded the world that he and bis
are of the elect. It follows that the
sultry weather predicted by the Zion
City prophet should, if it is to de
stroy but two-thirds of the world's
inhabitants, "be considered enough to
provide shade and a gentle breeze
for Voliva and his votaries. One
cannot imagine, nor can Wilbur,
that these saints of earth will perish
with the unregenerate. '
But the facts wear an evil aspect
and augur ill for Zion City, Illinois.
We have at hand no weather report
from there, but Chicago also is in
Illinois. On the day that Voliva
voiced his warning the Chicago
weather office reported a tempera
ture of 92 degrees. And at the same
time the Portland thermometers
registered only 72 degrees, with
slight clouds and a light wind pre
vailing. Obviously Zion City is be
yond the pale of exemption from the
torrid rigors predicted by Wilbur,
and Portland is within. Perhaps the
chamber of commerce would care
to call this fact to the attention of
the gloomy prophet, and suggest the
precaution of a hegira to Oregon.
TUB COUNTRY PIPE.
This sentence obtruded and
commanded attention: "The pipe
has even more strength in the
country than in the city." Though
the paragraph entire dwelt on the
medicinal value of pipe smoking,
all therapeutic hazardings vanished
like a vagrant whiff before the
summoned reality of an old truism.
Indeed, it has! The country pipe,
the mellowed cob of grandsire's day
and of the rural present, had ever
more trenchant powers than the
blackened briar or golden meer
schaum of the city. Of this the
nose was vibrantly aware, though
the comparison escaped us until
haply, a more gifted observer set
it down for the truth it is.
The country pipe so well recalled
was its own herald. Given the
lightest breeze to waft its odors, one
knew, to the moment. Just when
the old man turned into the lane
behind his cows. It came before
them on the breath of evening,
softened and ameliorated and made
pleasant dissipating its pungent
fumes over the acres of outdoors,
like the very spirit of the weed.
From the crossroads to the log
house was a long mile, thickly
screened with alders and red
plumed sumac, and yet the drowsing
shepherd ever lifted his head and
sniffed, and beat upon the clay with
his tail, when the old man turned
the corner coming home from town,
It may have been that he caught
the blended smell of the familiar
horses, whose stalls he shared, and
the. scent of his master himself, but
who shall say that the puissant
corncob, full-flavored and belching,
did not eclipse these lesser sniffs
as attar of roses shames the modest
Take three such pipes at evening,
with the chores all done and the
kitchen cozy three pipes- for three
cronies and stuff them well with
weed and set them going, what rare
adventures were not Ho the fore?
One heard pop-eyed of catamounts
slain ever so long ago, when all the
west was wilderness; of hoss-trades
epochal, of feats of valor at country
dances, of boys who went away to
war in '61. As the smoke thickened,
weaving idly up and down the room
like an imprisoned tide, the . tales
grew taller taller till they towered
in drowsiness and it was time for
bed. O, a potent thing was the
We hold no brief for it. Crusaders
set themselves against its solace,
and come riding down with incon
trovertible argument as their lance.
Yet one remembers well when
wrinkled old ladies, with black lace
scarfs about them, puffed a pipe for
their ailments. They carried buck
eyes, too, you say, for their rheu
matics? Of course they did, but
while that eccentricity has passed,
it is singular to note that modern
men of medicine are writing
learnedly and zealously of and for
the pipe. They say that it is an
excellent prophylactic for the gums
and teeth, and that it routs other !
germs. We do not know. A tough
and resolute germ it had been, in
deed, that would not have curled
up all its tentacles and quit before
the country pipe.
FISH AND FIGURES.
'Numbers are staggering devices.
The trout hatcheries of Oregon will
distribute among the streams and
lakes of the state approximately
12.000,000 trout fry during the year.
Let us assume that a catch of ten
fish per. angler is a fair catch an
average one. Thus we perceive that
when thpse trout are grown to the
legal length no fewer than 1,200,000
anglers will joy in their capture.
Kvery trout has a tale, but as trout
increase in girth and strenuosity
those tales grow taller. Imagine
1,200,000 anglers swapping their epic
yarns and employing, at the rate of
at least 100 words apiece, no fewer
than 120,000,000 words to do justice
to their piscatorial adventures.
Assuming further that no viola
tions will occur in the taking of un
dersized trout, and that if they do
the larger fish will compensate, let
us consider these trout as in the
creel at an average of six inches.
Placed nose to tail the 12,000,000
silver fighters would stretch away
for 1136 miles. At 12 to the frying
pan it is a simple matter to compute
the number of such utensils neces
sary to bring them to a golden" sizzle.
Personally we incline to a pro
fessor, or a blue upright, but have
at least one friend so odd that he
bespeaks the McGinty. In 12,000,
000 trout doubtless there will be a
fish as odd as he.
AIRPLANES AND ACCIDENTS.
An airman, writing to an eastern
paper, complained that the press in
general is inclined to give promi
nence to airplane accidents, while
laying little stress on the compara
tive safety and constant development
or. aviation. His is the blinded par
tisanship of a true craftsman, and
to such zeal and interest is the
progress of aeronautics indebted.
Yet it is too much to ask the public,
the unbiased opinion of the country'
at large, to forego observation and
comment on those tragedies that are
all too common in the new science.
They obtrude insistently, they are
news, they point the flaws in avia
tion, and tttey cannot be overlooked.
The very intensity of public interest
in these mishaps testifies to the
depth of that same interest in avia
tion. The world hopes much for it,
and believes that it will attain a hu
man standard of perfection, but the
world Btoutly refuses to disbelieve
its' own eyes and admit that perfec
tion yet exists.
The recent report of the Manu
facturers' Aircraft association yields
tne information that only one death
resulted in an aerial accident during
the year for every 464, 285 miles
flown. Th.e public has no way to
contest these figures, and but little
disposition, but surely the pro
ponents of aviation will not com
plain against the almost daily evi
dence of aviation accidents of fatal
nature, nor deny an onlooker the
privilege of comment. -Figures have
also been compiled, by inquiring
statisticians, that seem to refute the
claim that taking an airplane jaunt
is ruiiy as sate as rjdlng in an auto
mobile or venturing on a railway
trip. Public opinion concurs with
this latter view.
For the sake of imDartialitv it
must be borne in mind, however.
that a great number of planes are
now being flown in this country,
and that the frequency of accidents
has increased by that ratio, and that
many of the aerial misadventures
ire of the preventable sort, arising
either through reckless handling of
the machine in ordinary flvinsr.
through unskilled piloting or through
sium iiying. Many amateur aviators,
unversed in tne mechanics of the
science, have purchased planes that
would not be flown by any experi
enced airman. odds in such in
stances may freely be given that
the pilots will come to grief. If we
were to eliminate from aviation
these elements of hazard over which
we have, or should exercise, perfect
control it is to be surmised that the
accident toll would instantly dimin
- For example, there can exist no
possible excuse for stunt flying save
in the experimental test of new ma
chines. It is a recognized fact that
the various loops and spins, so
thrilling to the crowd, may at any
time be resorted to by any com
petent aviator, but that with the ex
ception of employment in aerial
fighting they serve no purpose save
the spectacular. There is no need
to inject into this new science, for
which so much is hoped, the perilous"
hazards of the Koman arena. Stunt
flying should be eliminated; if not
by the good sense of the airmen
themselves, then by statute. Recent
accidents yhere planes have crashed
into crowds have .but one logical
lesson, that aircraft should not be
flown at low levels in the vicinity
of crowds. There should be some
concise code of aerial regulation,
some uniform system of inspection,
that will recognize all these pre
ventable perils and provide against
the possibility of their occurrence
a federal statute of aeronautics.
American enthusiasts of the air
plane point ever to the successful
commercial operation of the heavier-than-air
machine in Kurope, where
it is an accepted and valued addi
tion to the means of transportation
and where the danger of navigation
has been reduced to a minimum.
Such a condition in foreign parts
argues merely that America, which
gave to the world this new science,
has failed lamentably to meet the
duties contingent upon that gift, and
la not yet- prepared, to derive full
benefit. Only the close official I
Sturiv rtf avinlinn atrtaA Kw
-. u-uuu -J J - &--V- . t.
authority, can redeem this situa
tion through remedial measures.
Proof that the airplane is not
necessarily perilous; and that the
passenger assumes little risk under
normal conditions, may be found in
the fact that competent pilots, with
good machines, flying sanely and
conservatively, rarely meet with an
accident. . The experience does not
fail to make a convert of the novice
the clean, splendid flight through
an element that seems as secure, or
more so, as any lake surface, the
quiet ease of control, the absence of
fear or vertigo, the surprising as
surance that comes with -the trip,
all contribute to a conviction that
the perils and discomforts of flight
have been grossly exaggerated. And
so they have through almost crim
inal carelessness. We have played
fast and loose with aviation long
enough. The plane is not a toy for
our amusement It is the greatest
gift of the century, deserving of that
serious application and legal protec
tion that will give It the chance to
BRINGING - THE BOLSHEVISTS TO
Secretary of State Hughes' warn
ing to the, soviet government of
Russia that no relief to that coun
try's distress can be expected from
the United States so long as Ameri
cans are .held prisoner, tortured by
hunger, M Jn no other way, by the
monsters who serve the soviet as
jailers, is ' the only argument to
which the bolshevist mind is open.
The bolshevists have practiced to
an extreme degree the old, bar
barous custom of taking hostages in
order to force their enemies to
terms. They held in their power the
families of reactionary officers whom
they forced to serve in their army,
the threat to massacre the family
being sufficient to prevent men from
turning against a cause that they
loathed. They held hundreds of
British citizens prisoner until a
trade agreement was assured.
Their methods can be combated
only in the same manner. Entire
provinces of Russia have been
stricken by famine, which threatens
to kill the people by tens of millions.
It is the direct result of bolshevist
rule, which has driven the peasants
to limit food production to their own
needs and has wrecked tjhe rail
roads, so that there is no surplus in
one district to make up the short
age in another, and there ' is no
means of transporting a surplus if
there were any. Passive resistance
to the soviet has become general,
arid its authority is breaking down.
This condition has inspired the ter
rorists with fear.
Refusal of relief to the Russian
people tends to intensify this hos
tility of the people, to break down
the nerve of the Moscow oligarchy
and thereby to bring nearer the day
of successful revolt. It is only by
fear of overthrow and of popular
vengeance that the bolshevists can
be driven to release their prisoners;
either that motive or hope of some
diplomatic advantage. Repulsive as
it is to American instincts, appeal to
these base motives is the only
species of coercion that can prove
effective. If the Moscow coterie
should still resist, the sufferings of
the American prisoners will at least
have hastened- Russia's deliverance
by intensifying the people's hatred
The fact that the United States
should resort to such an expedient
in order to secure treatment of its
prisoners with humanity illustrates
how far . the world has descended
from the civilized standards' of seven
years ago. For the sake of national
self-preservation we have had to
fight the devil with fire by using
poison gas in war, and now we must
refuse relief to starving pinions -lest
by so doing we condone savage
cruelty to some of our own people.
The old west is not passing. It
has passed'. If any man doubts this
let him search his memory for the
card index of Jackson Hole, Wyo
ming, and compare the old record
with the new. Jackson Hole, of
course, was where the bad men fled
when they had shot up the dance
hall, robbed a stage, looted a train,
or in sportive pleasantry had slain
some fellow less nimble on the draw.
Quite recently the sedate little vil
lage of Jackson Hole emerged from
the silence with a woman mayor,
women -council members and a fem
inine police force. A Chautauqua
session gave the final stamp of re
demption. . It no longer Is the wild
and woolly west, and if the tourist
is wishful of thrills he need not
leave the east, where the last stand
of- the bad man is made by daring
liquor runners, bank robbers and
Dr. Russ is merely demonstrating
old stuff in showing the . moving
power of the stare. That's the way
a wife works the husband for more
money, and, Belt-conscious' of guilt,
he succumbs. - .
The government is considering a
return to 3-cent letter postage as a
measure of revenue. Another ex
cuse for the absent husband who
forgets to write to his wife.
Governor Olcott's request for
economy is bearing fruit. One mem
ber of a commission scheduled for
a trip east has canceled it. Let it
go down the line.
A curbstone broker is charged
with swindling a woman in a real
estate deal. There is a law to take
care of such fellows if found guilty.
Trans-Pacific liners are speeding
up for new records. The ocean is
one place where there are no speed
cops, and none seem to be needed.
All of us know Portland is the
place for the peace meeting, but how
to convince the powers is the ques
tion. Mayor Baker is resourceful.
Seattle is making a general cut in
pay of city employes. The reduc
tion is not much; in fact, much less
than the cut in prices of cars.
Both, electric companies planning
additions to their hydro-electric
power plants. Yes, business in Port
land is good.
"Free all Americans!" Is the
Hughes message to soviet Russia.
There - is no "May I not ask?" in
Half the marriages in San Fran
cisco end in divorces, and the only
wonder is that the other half don't.
Stars and Starmakers-
By Leone Cass Bner.
Gerald Gilbert, who played the role
of Larry in "Irene" last week at the
Heilig, was the house guest of Cap
tain and Mrs. A. B. Graham and Miss
Katharine Graham during his en
gagement here. Both Mr. Gilbert and
Miss Graham were members of May
Robson's company in "Tish" season
before last. Mr. Gilbert is a Chicago
boy, who has made rapid progress in
his profession. He appeared last sea
son with Margaret Anglin in "The
Dr.- Mabel Akin was hostess for a
motor trip on the highway during
the "Irene" engagement with Dale i
Winter, the prima donna, and Flo
Irwin, the comedienne, . who played
Old Lady O'Dare, as her guests.
The Shuberts have 12 shows in ac
tive rehearsal for next season. This
is a larger number than they have
been wont to make ready so early in
the season due to the scarcity of
attractions through the defection of
several of their producers of previous
The scheduled coast tour of Oliver
Morosco's "Adam and Eva" has beem
dropped and the play will not show
out this way as announced. It was
due at the Curran in San Francisco
next month. 1
Cancellation of the proposed plans
for a Trixle Friganza road show for
a three weeks' tour of the email Cali
fornia towns has also been announced.
Lady Tsen-Mei, former vaudeville
prima donna and at present star of
"The Lotus Blossom," a feature which
has just been produced by a company
financed entirely by Chinese, has let
It be known that she was married
before leaving New York recently.
Her husband is Merritt Moore, who is
connected with a New York trust
Henry W. Savage returned las
week from Kurope with rearrange
ments In the ecore of "The Merry
Widow" and the score for "The Blue
William Bock is reported recover
ing from - an operation at the St.
Bartholomew hospital. New York.
Rock was recently married to Hiller
Eby, who had been appearing with
him in vaudeville. Rock's previous
wife was Gladys Tilbury, an English
girl whom Rock brought back hure
after visiting the other side a few
Harry Sprigler, husband of Vera
Michelena, prima donna of Ziegfeld's
"Follies," has been granted a divorce
in Los Angeles on the ground of de
Miss Michelena was the wife of Paul
Schindler, the musical director, be
fore she married Harry Sprigler. .
Florenz Ziegfeld will produce in
August a musical version of "Good
Gracious, Annabelle," with incidental
songs, but no chorus. The piece has
been entirely rewritten by the author,
Clare Kummer. Blllie Burke is to be
starred in it.
Special colored three-sheet posters
have been made for general billing of
Francis Ten Bushman and Beverly
Bayne during their Orpheum circuit
tour. The only other vaudeville act
the Orpheum people have advertised
this way is Singer's midgets. Francis
Ten continues to bill himself as the
"prettiest man in the world."
Josephine D. Jefferson, daughter
of the late Joseph Jefferson, . died
July 19 at her home in Montclair,
N. J., 62 years old. She was born in
New York city and spent the greater
part of her life here. She was never
on the stage. Three brothers sur
vive her, Thomas, living in California,
and Frank and William- of New York.
The deal between A. L. Erlangei
and Famous Players-Lasky, whereby
the latter is to make a film version
of "Ben Hur," directed by Max Rein
hardt, has been consummated. It is
reported Famous Players paid over
an advance of $500,000, under a guar
antee that Erlanger's profits shall be
not less than $3,000,000, under a 60-50
division of the gross.
Robert Walton Goelet and John D.
Rockefeller Jr. are understood to
have advanced Erlanger the money
with which to "buy out the interests
in "Ben Hur," held by Marc Klaw
Harper & Bro. and the Wallace estate.
Otis Skinner is now on his way
back to America, a passenger on the
Paris, which sailed from Havre last
He spent most of his visit abroad
buying costumes and studying the
native of Spain with a view to fash
ioning his acting after them In "Blood
and Sand," his next vehicle. This is
the play by Tom Cushlng. founded
on Blasco Ibanez' novel and is sched
uled to open at . the Empire theater
on September 20.
Rehearsals of the play will get
under way immediately upon Mr.
Skinner's arrival and the first per
formance will be given at Buffalo on
"Alone!" What pathos trembles
'Tis like, an echo lost among the hills.
For strandied here in this vast wil
With flickering candle flame I med
itate. Not one familiar glimpse I catch,
I hear of all the varied forms of life.
Just these log walls that shut me
from the night,
And mock me when I speak. Hark!
What is that?
The ticking of my watch sounds loud
Like ruthless echoes from the Clock
And e'en my thoughts seem audible,
Like living waves upon, the shores of
But Solitude, thou'rt- sweet to me!
How oft such fair secluded spot I've
Where I could drink deep draughts
of Nature's meed,
And tune anew the quiring chords
WILLIAM STEWART GORDON.
Young; Mas Is ffeolded.
A homely young English chap, hav
ing his view obstructed by the head
gear of the girl In front of him, ven
tured to protest. "See here, miss," he
said, leaning over, "I want to look as
well as you."
"Oh. do yer?" she replied, in a rich
Cockney accent. "Then you'd better
run 'ome and change yer fice."
Those Who Come and Go.
Tales of Folk at the Hotels.
The streets are of sand and wind
swept; the houses are, almost with
out exception, covered with shingles,
some of them cut fancy and put on in
ocnate designs. Such is Port Orford,
on the bluffs of the Pacific ocean in
Curry county. It is the most westerly
town in the United States and during
the war there wasn't an able-bodied
youth of military age who didn't vol
unteer before the draft became ef
fective. From Port Orford are shipped
immense ties of the famous cedar,
these ties being worked up into fur
niture and other articles, for the
cedar is too valuable to be used for
railroad sleepers. Registered at the
Imperial are Newton Moon and Joha
R. Hill, from Port Orford. They are
contractors and have been building a
section of the Roosevelt highway in
In the senate last winter, A. W.
Norblad consumed almost an entire
day in giving a demonstration of how
purse-seiners work, exhibiting their
gear and telling of how this sort of
business is ruining the industry. The
purse-seine fight took up a great deal
of time during the session, but finally
Senator Norblad won out and now the
.purse-seiners are going to sea for the
last time, as after January 1. 1922,
they will not be permitted to operate
out of Oregon or off the coast of this
state. Senator Norblad was a visitor
in Portland yesterday.
Jonathan Bourne Jr., in addition to
having left his stamp on the politics
of Oregon, aiso got his name on the
map. The mining town of Bourne, in
Baker county, was named after Jon
athan. The community, some 200 or
300 people, is located on Cracker
creek -and is seven miles from the
town of Sumpter. the nearest railroad
point. Gold mining is the principal
industry. Charles R. Schroder, at tne
Benson, is one of the few people who
have registered in a Portland hotel
from Bourne in the past three years
Harold Stephens, formerly district
Judge in Salt Lake City, lsat tnt
Multnomah with Mrs. Stephens. The
judge and his wife have been listen
ing to the sad sea waves at Bay
Ocean, on the Tillamook coast, where
the bathing is not as attractive as
floating in Great Salt Lake. The judge
says that there is an immense amount
of tourist travel passing through his
home town, as Salt Lake City is a sort
of gateway, but that the mining bus!
ness In Utah is quiet, owing to the
low price of copper.
One of the beauty spots and hunt
ing and fishing grounds of Oregon is
the McKenzie With the construction
of better road3 along the river the
stream is becoming more of a mecca
for sportsmen than over before. A. L.
Parkhurst. formerly of the hotel at
Crater Lake, arrived at the Multno
mah yesterday with his son. Mr.
Parkhurst has secured an option on
Nimrod Inn on the McKenzie, "88 miles
from Eugene. He figures on making
it a headquarters for sportsmen, -both
Oregronians and the tourists who want
to enjoy a bit of outdoor life,
On hand to talk'road matt'ers with
the highway commission today are
F. M. Sturgill and Ed Wright of La
Grande. W. E. Meacham of Baker, and
John and Oscar Oberg of Enterprise
Or. Portland hotel merr should be
strong boosters for good roads which
they are because every time the
commission holds a session there are
delegations of officials and contrac
tors and citizens assembled from
nearly every county in the state, and
the hotel lobbies look like a conven
tion was in progress.
Having attended the meeting of ed
itors at Bend, George K. Aiken of On
tario is in no especial hurry to go
back to Malheur county, where the
weather is somewhat tropical at pres
ent. So, with Mrs. Aiken, the editor
is in the city and is registered at the
Hotel Oregon. There is probably no
place in Ontario, Or., where It is hot
ter than in front of Mr. Aiken's office.
E. H. Smith, county judge of Lake
county, came to Portland yesterday
to attend the meeting of the state
highway commission and also to take
up matters regarding taxes.- The
judge Is a member of the newly ap
pointed commission which is con
ducting a survey to discover if there
is some way of finding new sources of
R. Roy Booth of Yoncalla, Or., has
been attending the meeting of wool
and mohair growers of the western
part of the state. These growers are
forming an organization to pool their
wools and have them graded in Port
land. Mr. Booth, son of the chairman
of the state highway commission, has
a farm a few miles out from the ham.
let of Yoncalla.
R. B. Montgomery of Gurdane, Or.,
is at the Imperial. A search will re
veal that Gurdane has a population of
about 40 and that it has an altitude
of S350 feet. It is on Butte creek, in
Umatilla county, about 28 miles south
west of Pilot Rock. The Gurdane
region is mostly given over to the
Mrs. Robert J. Burdette, widow of
the noted "Bob" Burdette, lecturer,
humorist and preacher, arrived at the
Multnomah yesterday from Puget
sound. With Mrs. J. S. Torrence, she
is making an automobile journey
across the continent. The women are
residents of Los Angeles.
"The road is very nice," is the way
J. S. Williams of San Jose, Cal.. de
scribes the Pacific highway in Ore
gon. Mr. and Mrs. Williams, who
are motoring northward, are reg
istered at the Perkins and were quite
satisfied with the highway as they
While there Isn't the crowd at
Seaside at present that there usually
is at this season of the year, still
business is good with M. F. Hardesty,
who has a danoe pavilion at the
resort. Mr. Hardesty came to Port
land to give it the pnee over and re
turned. M. S. Levy, who opened the new
hotel Union, at Union, Or., is at the
Imperial. The new establishment is
one of the moat attractive hotels east
of the mountains. The hotel was
built by the citizens as a matter of
Looking all in, J. C. Maxfield drove
up to the Hotel Portland, arriving
by automobile from San Francisco.
"There are too many detours on the
road to suit me," he declared, when
asked as to the condition of the high
way. Among the road contractors who
are drifting, into Portland to attend
the meeting of the state highway
commission today is S. S. Shell of
Grants Pass. He is registered at
On a voyage of exploration of the
Pacific - northwest come General
Charles St. G. Sinkler and Dr. W. K.
Fishburn from South Carolina. They
are at the Multnomah and are booked
by a tourist agency.
J. C. King, a cadet from West Point
military academy, is registered at
the Hotel Portland.
Charles V. Brown, for years active
in civic affairs in Astoria, is reg
istered at tha Imperial,
BLAME FOR WAYWARD YOUTH
Training School Director Mentions)
"OsmiKed Goods" of Divorce.
STATE TRAINING SCHOOL. Salem,
Or.. July 25. (To the Editor.) All
over our country hands are being held
up in horror at the multiplicity of
crimes committed. A large percentage
of them are committed by youthful
offenders boys and girls who have
not yet reached the age of adoles
cence. Almost every dally paper
bears record of some youth's mal
feasance;1 and at such, parents and
citizens at large shake their con- i
derailing heads and place the crlm-!
Inals' stigma upon the offender. The
popular mind looks no farther than
the child; condemns him for his act
and immediately brands him as a
thing to be avoided, persecuted and
made an example of all of which are
sometimes necessary to maintain the
proper morale of society but we
must look beyond the malefaction of
Here in our. comparatively speaK-
Ing, sparsely populated state, we are
maintaining a reform school for our
delinquent boys that harbors approx
imately 300 during the course of a
year. Only a few years ago the school
population was well under a nunarea.
Now it Is necessary to rebuild the
school, both because" of the crowded
quarters and inadequacy of the pres
ent plan. And boys are still coming
thick and fast.
Now let us see who is to blame.
During the last twenty years the
'damaged goods of divorce have ag
gregated a total, of &,o8i,o persons,
of which Oregon has one of the big
gest percentages of all the states, in
most cases each divorce has left
child insufficiently, cared for or cast
adrift. If the child is unwanted it
takes but a slight misdemeanor to
give the parent an excuse to send him
to the state school. Many of them
do it with a great deal of relief.
Boys have repeatedly told me that
their parents did not want them, be
ing only a care. And when parents
give their offspring a raw deal like
that. .It is not to be wondered that
thev lose courage and hope.
Worse yet, we have boys committed
who have never been guilty of mis
deeds merely to relieve the pleasure
loving parent of his responsibility.
Divorced women ride gayly over the
country with traveling salesmen; oc
casionally send honeyed phrases to
their caged-up sons, but usually take
care to steer clear of them. Divorced
fathers live around promiscuously
with other women and drive the son
out to root for himself. Quite nat
urally he errs; and the reform school
claims the youth which the lying,
blasphemous father says is ungov
ernable. A large percentage of the smaller
boys detained in the state Institutions
should be at home under proper care,
but it is astounding to note the many
parents who have no understanding
of boy nature and control. Any normal
boy is mischievous and sometimes re
fractory, and a little careful manag
ing ant", guidance will convert all this
energy into constructive channels;
but the nonchalant parent will send
him to the reform school, expecting
it mysteriously to turn out a new and
perfect boy. In the meantime, since
the boy is gotten rid of, the parents
are free to enjoy themselves again.
One lad, an example of many in our
school, recently said: "My old man
doesn't like me; he ain't written me
since I come otit here." Another
bright fellow, talking to a chum, said:
"Before I came here my mother would
send me away to play while she vis
ited with a man she used to go to
see. He's my step-dad now and I
know they won't send for me." And
when parents fail, boys haven't much
faith in anyone else. There are, at
present, seventy such boys in our
Then there are other Influences at
work. There is no greater proof of
the movies' grip on boys than their
own acts and conversations. Groups
are continually discussing outlaw
feats and daring adventures Been on
the screen. Their reality is all too
impressive on the adolescent mind.
In numberless cases boys have been
committed here for rehearsals of
soxeen adventures. Yet people say
there is no harm in the movies. With
all the proof behind me here, I defy
such a statement from anyone. But
the boy gets all the blame.
Two-thirds of all our delinquent
boys come from Portland. The reason
is evident: Not room enough for good
wholesome play; too little of home life
with parents away; and the continual
seeking of sensational amusement.
But few boys come from the country,
where there is real home life, and
where parents live in happiness to
gether, even though it be in poverty.
It is true, many of our boys Inherit
seemingly incorrigible characteris
tics toward meanness but here again,
the boy is not to blame. Our state
permits marriages of imbeciles. Igno
rant humans, not capable of rearing
a family, and the living together out
of wedlock, which has thrown untold
misery broadcast. Such acts are crim
inal and should be dealt with as such.
The deserters of illegitimates are
cowards equaled only by murderers
Our delinquent boys are human.
They feel just like any normal boy;
they have just as much energy and
common sense as the average boy;
but they have erred because of snar
ing pitfalls, to which & contorted and
glamoring society has blinded them.
JOHN H. STOVALL. -Physical
JUDGE McCOY NOT A FEUDIST
Tribute to Law-Abiding Character of
O tie-Time Wuhlngtonian.
BUNKER. Wash.. July 23. (To the
Editor.) I notice an item in The Ore
gonian of July 9 concerning the mur
der of ex-Judge John J. McCoy of
Mastin county. Kentucky. which
would lead the public to believe that
Judge McCoy was the leader of the
famous McCoy-Hatfield feud of 35
years ago. His old age and the fact
that .he bore the name of McCoy and
lived in eastern Kentucky, near where
the McCoy-Hatfield feud was car
ried on, is not a sufficient reason for
branding Judge McCoy with such a
scandal as the old McCoy-Hatfield
He had never taken any part nor
associated with the feud parties. He
believed in settling all such troubles
by law. He always was a strict ob
server of the law and believed in its
enforcement to the letter. During
the eight years he lived in Washing
ton on a farm near Ceres he was a
law-abiding citizen and much re
spected by his neighbors.
Far back where the trail's not broken.
Where nature is seen at her best;
Where the tall scented pine bids you
To come and enjoy a short rest.
Where the hillsides are dotted with
And the air hat a scent of perfume.
And the sunshine creeps through the
When it reaches the high point at
There's a swift-flowing stream by
Where the speckled trout dash to
As they gather the worms and the
That have been caught by the wa
ter's swift flow.
It's the same old story I am thinking;
I've depicted it time after time;
So I think I'll pack up my camp out
fit. For I guess it's about fishing time.
B. F. Rose man.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By James J. Montague.
YOU KNOW HIM.
He sees you fall and wrench your arm
And bids you not to mind a bit.
Says he: "A sprain will do no harm
And if it's broken, it will knit."
He sits beside your bed of pain.
As on the brink of death you hover.
And murmurs: "If you stand the
The chances are that you'll re
cover." If you have had a motor smash.
This bird is certain to appear
And say: "If you'll just sae your
You'll have another car next year."
You lose your job, and do not know
However you can live without It-
He says, in soothing tones and low.
It does no good to fret about it.
Your house burns, on a winter night.
And as you view it, in despaic.
He says: "Oh. that will be all right.
There s lots of houses, everywhere.
Your girl picks up another John
And leaves you plunged in tears of
He says serenely: "Carry on!
loull find some other Jane to
morrow!" Your worries never make him blue;
He's never woeful or distressed.
Whatever troubles trouble you.
"He says are only for the best.
And if you look into his eyes
And read the kindly thoughts that
If you are human, you will rise.
And take a rock or club and kill
He's Listening for Km Now.
What's become of the fussy man
who used to grumble about the racket
made by the pneumatic riveters? .
They'll Be Interested.
Of course arrangements will be
made to give the disarmament con
gress the latest reports of the Greco
If the breweries were 6till brewing,
Bergdoll would be worth ten times
as much money. Which almost recon
ciles us to the Volstead law.
Burroughs Nature Club.
Copyright, Hough ton-Mlfflin Co.
Can Yob Answer These Questions f
1. What species of snakes bore their
way into the earth and what method
do they use?
2. What makes the fire in fire
flies, and is the light for beauty or
3. Will Baltimore orioles build !
apple t.ees, same as the orchard ori
ole? Answers in tomorrow's Natuie
Answers to Previous Questions.
1. Is there any relation between the
skunk cabbage and the calla lily?
The water arum, Calla palustris
often called calla Illy because of Its
resemblance to the cultivated plant,
Aroides atethiopicum (also called
Richardia) and the skunk cabbage
are both members of the same fam
ily, Araceae, or arums. The house
plant is simply a cultivated form of ,
African variety. All have flowers in
a fleshy spike, or spadix, around
which folds the leafy bract, or spathe.
2. How long does it take gold fish
eggs to hatch?
The period for hatching depends on
the temperature and the weather
the warmer the water up to a point-
the quicker the hatching, which
may take but two days. Direct sun
light helps the process. In cooler
wster and with less sunlight the eggs
may require six days.
3. Will a bluebird live in captlvltyT
How should it be housed and fed?
Perhaps it might be possible to
tame a young bird and accustom it to
cage life, but there can be no real
pleasure in attempting it. The bird is
not a songster, and its warble, heard
during its double or even triple mat
ing season, is loved for Its associa
tion with out-of-doors. Bluebirds are
useful as insect gleaners and should
be enjoyed In their natural state.
In Other Days.
Fifty Year Ago.
From The Oregonian of Jnly 28, 1871.
Albany is doing its usual trade,
and is realizing some substantial im
provements. Three carloads of linseed oil were.
Bhipped a day or two since from the
oil jtvo'rks at Salem. From here it
was shipped -to San Francisco.
The contractors. Messrs. Hart A
Co., on the Oregon Central railroad,
commenced laying track yesterday
morning near this end of the Fourth
It is eaid that the rain which set
in yesterday morning will do much '
damage to the crops if it continues
long. Much of the hay crop Is now
down, and It requires sunshine to
save Lt. Some wheat is cut. but it
can stand a week's rain without much,
Twenty-Five Years Ago.
From The Oregonian of July 28, 1809.
London The International Socialist-Laborer
Trade Union congress,
-ieh opened this -rooming, devoted
Most of its time to wrangling as to,
whether anarchists should be ad
mitted. The people who collected to see
wood-block pavement laid on Fourth
street yesterday were again disap
pointed, as the expert was the only
man at work and, as there were not
half enough blocks to keep him busy,
he took lt easy.
Rear -Admiral L. A. Beardslee, in
command of the Pacific naval squad
ron, now visiting Portland on the
flagship Philadelphia, is an ardent
The free silver advocation is likely
to seriously affect the sale of im
provement bonds. There probably will
be from $10,000 to $30,000 worth of
these sold in the near future.
Work Called Joy of Life.
New York Herald.
"My life is very uninteresting," said
Senator Smoot. "All I do Is work."
"How much do you work?" hewas
"Sixteen'hours a day, sometimes 18."
"How long have you done If?"
"Forty years and more."
"How do you like it?"
""To me it is more fun than any
thing else. I would rather wrestla
with statistics on the tariff than g
to the theater. I never go to base
ball games nor play golf. Seven
hours' sleep a day is enough recrea
tion for anybody. I have never taken
a vacatjon. Neither have I ever been
sicki There is not a healthier man in
"I believe that there !s more pleas
ure In work than In anything else for
the average man. If he did more
vork he would be happier. It is a
great mistake to devote one's time to