Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 16, 1921, Page 8, Image 8

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rnbllshed by The Oreconian Publishing Co..
Hi Sixth Street, I'orlland. Oregon.
C A. aiORrKX. E. B. PIPER.
liana-er. Editor.
The Orfrnnl a n t mmhr of the AssO-
Mated Pre. The Associated Press le ex
clusively entitled to the use for publication
ef all news dispatches credited to It or not,
otherwise credited in this paper and also
tne local news published herein. All rights
f publication of special dispatches herein
are also reserved.
Subscription Bales Invariably in Advance.
(By Mail.)
PaJty. Sunday Included, one year "..0O
Ially, Sunday Included, six months... 4.1
Jily, Sunday included, three months. 2.23
d-lly. Sunday included, one month... .73
-". wnnoui ounaay, one year...... v.w ... ..- i ---.
iaiiy. without Sunday, six months... s.25 sneeze and itch. Why should not
!L Sleeping- gas might b sent over
the line In waves or discharged from
shell, and might send the enemy into
profound repose. It would then be
a simple matter to occupy his po
sition and put the sleeping men in
prison camps where they would
awaken none the worse for the long
nap. Capture of the enemy's arms.
Or a number of others as to which spendthrift Baker has had time to
the patient is more interested in pre- I spend any of the money, and that,
cision of dosage and accuracy in I failing this. President Hardin? will
compounding than in linguistic fad- I refuse to permit the expenditure.
The idea perhaps is that we
haven't laws enough, and that we
need still closer regulation of human
relations. Of is the notion behind
artillery and supplies would natur- ( the bill in question chiefly that the
ally follow. A few bloodless vic
tories would make prisoners of the
bulk of the enemy's army and would
enable the victors to occupy his ter
ritory. Then all would be over but
the peace conference.
This might prove not to be as
visionary as it seems. The Germans
used gas that made men weep.
practice of medicine, and the pursuit
of every other established science
ought to be made as difficult as
There is small comfort for those
people who hope to see Mr. Harding
lead the United States into a position
of isolation among nations and of
hostility to Great Britain in the
letter which he wrote to John A.
Stewart, chairman of the board of
governors of the Sulgrave Institute.
It reveals that among his first pur
poses he places the formation of
One by one the missing links in I workable, as distinguished from
the inner story of the war are dls- I bungling, agreement or association
covered. The latest is the manner I for the prevention of war," and his
iaiiv. eriihn.. k. ,.. .....ih m . , in woicn ine r rencn trained me in- I conviction mat m uien. ui mo
week.y. on. year....' i.oo ;r'f'' which shaped the plans unity of the English-speaking peo
euuuay, one year..... a.uv I fc L oi k ma., n-iivno I f . ei c- .V. - Tl r I nlaa ..ill nl nn email yar-t n nt tn
nn wak nr. Wur niMI Ihn. h.. .-.ame " "
mo human, that U . n..i.-a- a victory for the allies to which the invade the rights or exclude the fel
(By Carrier.)
pnlly. Sunday Included, one year. . . . . $9 00
Inuiy, Sunday included, three months. 2.2S
Paily. bunday Included, one month... .7ft
Kal-y, without Sunday, ana year.... T.80
I'aily. wl hout Sunday, three months.
Daily, without Suud.y. one month.... .61
How to Remit Send postoffice money
order, express or personal check on your
local bank. Stamis. coin or currency are
at owner's liak. tiive postoffice address in
lull. Including county and state.
rnerasje Knter 1 c 1 paees. 1 cent: 18
TO paes. J cents; 3 to 4 pages. S cents
iw ot pairea. 4 cents
would fight.
final defeat of Germany can be I lowship of ot&ar nations but to pro.
traced. tect and include them."' So far is he
In a lecture In London Colonel I from regarding Britain as an enemy
i.iiwiBiu ux the FEOFLE. I Fagalde, who was on the French to be suspected of evM designs and
Endorsements of Senator Cham- I headquarters staff, said that, while to be thwarted at every turn that he
berlain for appointment on the shin- deadnuarters were at Jonchery, I wrote:
Dins- board ir lilrolv tn hove tK I there was broueht to him on tfin The labor of uniting Into still closer
. . . ... . i . . . , , . , I i-uiiy ana UDUcramniunK me EiiiK.ieii'
more weight with President-elect nignt qi oeptemoer a, ism, ine .neakln ceooles of the world has a sie.
Harding because they come from a satchel of a German staff officer of I aiicance of good to all Americans and to
G 1 1 uaiiuiu huu i ca i. sj j 1 kilt; evuaiu.
He spoke of the English-speaking
peoples as "the instrument through
which civilization has been flung to
the four corners of the globe.",and
M to Ml Dacea. & 1 . m V J ; : 1 . . fha (ftl, navntn, V. .1
k ' . . , . , 1 uuu.vel VI VUUIC9 IdlllV I CP J 1 I il I ...Li. " . 1 unioiuil . 1IU UAU
puetace doable rate. I tive of the people of Oregon, com- I been killed in his automobile by a
KaMteew Rn.i n ttn a rwnv. 1 nnAil ftf mamhara nf hnih l.aiiina I French riAtrol. T 1 1 p k p H linrlpr f nnH
i"rBt.w,',bmfdinV7cb parties, and because they and clothing was found a map on
- vxinaiin, jrree ITeaS ouimins. 1. iu iiuuui;, ig mm mi WHOM COUmrj "vcu.u mo iuu.ciuouo , tv . ".,(.llnJ rintlaa CXrA haa
troit. llich.: Verrea a. rimkli. Helllna 1 , v w. v j . . I . k. V Tril,'. I r tn TrOIOUnd OUUSS VjOd BaS
buiidirax. Portland: 8ai iVanciaSa riaH uc"ulu aua ineJr are - thrust upon them the duties of be
. . . . . . . in ramL-MA . . i u rm npr .(.nrf.m nnr inmuinr Tnn i
uu. n. J. masilL I - .cmc.-u.o l l"C OCUB-lur ai ' ' " In r ucln ltio tnlaeanr anA inot 1
eerv,te3 to state ana nation ana to cc,y u.u.. vuo Thfl Unlted states has some scores
DO WE IXAKJf BT EXTCKXEXCEf services wnicn ne may yet per- ' JL!." 17 to settle with Britain growing out of
XUI IU I c".u uraim.imu. " V. . If lll .ttl. -o If
has settled all of the many disputes
that have arisen during more than a
century of peace, by peaceful nego
tiation or by arbitration. Those who
There Is on the statute books of it is Bot to bo expected tiat Mr. Plan of marching into the Oise val-
, Z. relumnf Harding will pay much attention to ley had been changed for a direct
"" "aiu. me state snaii meet the recommendation of a rival can- march on Paris on September Z.
a certain gravity test. This law in didate made privately by a single Colonel Fagalde telephoned to head
Practice proved nn unwnrkahla onil vi- . , . I . 1 1. a man with
" ., . . . -. mwiusiiiii company, wnicn is con- h"" aim ,nil,j p.nifv then rliffprnnrps into.
o threatened users of gasohne with trolled by and therefore is specially this knowledge Gallieni was able to irnml Tthm
T.!U.!!a"mLnl0 , h.Pp,Les- interested in a particular port, for throw Maunoury's army on Von Z'J??0.g"TtZl
""''" aiicrnmns 01 a the contrast reflecU too strongly in Miuck s nanK. xnen oegan ine
considerable advance in price with favor of the man who is openly series of battles called the Marne. of
-'c""'is -u.uiiuuses, tni " recommended by the general public which the decisive blow was struck
was suspended by common consent of Bis sUte. It is taken for granted by Foch in the center.
It became necessary to resort to the that one of the two Pacific coast This authoritative story conflicts
proceaure. wnicn is to be avoided members will be appointed from the with that which has gained general
whenever possible, of official notifi- north roaaL nnH Mr'. credence that Von Kluck was not to
record proves him to be broad
enough to represent impartially that
entire region, without favor to any
particular port or shipping interest.
cation that prosecutions would not
be sanctioned under the law.
Now an effort is being made to
repeal the undesired and unwork
able statute, on the theory that a
law that is not to be enforced ought
not to remain to breed contempt for
ether laws. The senate at Salem has
passed a bill (S. B. No. 169) repeal
ing it. The house ha passed a bill
of its own, not repealing it but sub
stituting for the gravity test a "boil
march direct on Paris but was to
swing east of the city as part of a
eneral plan of the Germans to cut
through the French army at the
center, to envelop the two halves
and force a wholesale surrender.
This is one of several apparently
There is before the city council I small incidents which vitally affec
for consideration an ordinance rro- I ted the result of the war. There
hibiting the obstruction of the foy- I were occasions when the result of a
ers of public places by persons I critical battle hung almost by a hair.
cianHinr rw Kv tVia installation f I F.qrn nA nf that. German staff officer
ing point" test, with due machinery ropea chains and the like. It is a might easily have changed the result
" K lestmfr' ana Wltn measure that is .aimed at the pres- at the Marne.
.,r ...u.B .tincture ana more ent practice of motion picture the
regulations and greater annoyance L,, ,iiH na-eo .
for all concerned in the use as well foyers when the seating capacity of
conscientously doing the work of the
common enemy or are blind to the
facts of the world situation. Ameri
cans may not like Britons; and Brit
ons may not take readily to Ameri
cans as individuals, but the fact re
mains that in spirit and purpose the
policies of the two nations lead on
parallel lines to the same goal
peace, freedom, justice and prosper
ity for all nations.
In building the association of na
tions at which he aims, Mr. Harding
cannot succeed with the power of
the United States alone, nor with the
aid of the other American republics.
He must have the help of other
powerful nations. Where will he
find them? France and Italy,
though victorious, are crippled. Ger
many, still denying Its guilt, is trying I lake,
to shirk the penalty of its crimes. sacr
rntED on to waste snixioxs.
Russia is a ruiu ruled by a band of
robbers. Aside from Japan, whose
Magnificent Distances of Aatranonay
Given Graphic Presentation.
One great difficulty in the study
of astronomy is to comprehend the
immensity of the distances and sizes
Involved, says John Candee Dean in
the Indianapolis News. For instance,
we can form no conception of the size
or distance of the sun. Suppose there
was a spherical shell of the diameter 1
of the sun. Suppose a great genie
should drop Into this shell every sec
ond, night and day, a ball the size o
the earth. How long would it take
to-fill the si) ell 7 Would it take an
hour, a day or a week? In fact, it
would take two weeks and when full
the shell would contain more than
1,000,000 earths. '
The distance to the sun is 93,000,000
miles. How long would it take a can
non ball to ' reach the sun, if shot
from the earth and continued on its
course at a uniform veiocity7 in
order not to' underestimate the dis
tance some might Bay a year. In
fact, it would take about 20 years.
The facts of astronomy are more
startling, more wonderful, more
beautiful than anything that the
Imagination of the poet ever pro
d-uced. Such familiar star clusters
as the Pleiades and the Hyades, now
seen near the zenith at 7 o'clock In
the evening, are at such a distance
that 200 years are required for their
light to reach us.
In some of the great star clusters
there are certain strange stars whose
light changes with the greatest pre
cision, always repeating the same
variations in light On account of
their luminous Intensity and immen
sity, they are called "giant stars."
Their light is from 200 times to
10,000 times as great as that of the
sun. The most distant of them are
bout 20,000 light years from us.
The great nebula of Andromeda,
which may be seen with the naked
eye, is estimated to be 600,000 light
years away. Far beyond the nebula
of Andromeda and outside of our
niverse, are the "island universes."
called spirals. Within the range of
he telescope there are perhaps a
million of these island' universes,
which are believed to be replicas of
our own universe. The remote uni
verses are estimated to be at a dis
tance expressed by the dizzy figure of
10,000,000 light years.
Bert L. Brown and Kenneth Wright
went rabbit hunting near White Bear
They took a ferret In a gunn
The ferret's duty was to drive
Those Who Come and Go.
A pioneer of two great mining
camps of Oregon in the early days.
Jacksonville and Canyon City, is John
Barrack of Fairbanks, Alaska, who is
at the Portland. Mr. Barrack,- who Is
81 years young, is very much inter
ested in life and is planning to re
turn to Alaska in the epring to de
velop some of his copper interests.
"I crossed the plains In 1861," he said
yesterday. "I arrived at Jackson
ville, Or., in the SDrina- of '62 and
taught school there that winter. Then
i uuugnt a couple of horses and
struck out for Auburn. When my
partner and I got there, we were
about broke. I started an auction
and earned about $1000 tn a month.
We went on a prospecting trip to try
to find Sinker creek in the Snake
river country, but we never located
int.. xaier, on tne road from
Landls cut-off to what 's now Idaho
falls, the Indians got after us and
wounaed nine out of the 12 in the
party. After we got so we could
travel again, I finally made my way
600 miles to The Dalles, where T had
a oall taken out of mv riirht knee.
worKea on tne railroad between the
upper and lower Cascades, cut cord
wood, made shingles and then went
to Boise, where I bought a claim. The
nig tornado of June 11, 1865. leveled
everything I had and I was broke
again. Mr. Barrack did many things
during the next 30 years, earning
through a saw mill and flour mill
and wheat ranch $150,000. which- he
lost. "I struck out for Alaska broke
In 1899, worked my way on a steam
boat to Skagway. dracered a hand sled
Into the Yukon, and was wrecked
within 12 miles of Dawson. Finally
went to Fairbanks where I .have
lived ever since." Mr. Barrack will
leave Portland tomorrow for Seattle.
r. J." "la 1 . anu sale OI Baso" the houses is filled. It is offered as
line. ! ne nouse nas reiuseo to pass a measure of public safety.
If the practice is In fact In all in-
the senate bill and the senate will
not pass the house bill. A deadlock I stances dangerous to public safety da,m on ,Jh Tennessee river, it Is
CnSUt-a. I h.,. nl ha nn cnnrl nhlantlnn n
It is pertinent to ask whether the the ordinance. It may be suspected
People of Oregon have not learned that as regards some theaters it is
oy experience, ana wnetner tney nave dangerous, but it is likely that as re-
not nau enougn, or are not Degin- -rds some others It is nnt One do.
ning to get enough, of supernumer.
ary inspections and harassing rules
and regulations. The need of the
automobile users is gasoline, in
quantity and without advance in
price over that obtaining in other
states, if the product now procur.
feet in many of our extensions of
police power is -that to cover in
stances of danger they are made so
sweeping as to be burdensome upon
the public or upon property owners
in places where there is no danger.
T.". aMm. n n,,kH.
able under suspension of the present atal uini ,iln,nr ik.i struction of the Muscle shoals dam,
admittedly unworkable law is gen- mi,f' av. Kn r-r-T,,A k The south was united for it and
erally satisfactory, why venture at proper re(rard for safety, is produc- 86 ''J the , PPrtunity of the Pre-
tnis time into unirieu neius .- ny tive ot new regulations which leave """" 6"-"i" v
should it be necessary for Oregon no room for KOOd judgment or com- an appropriation for a government
constantly to be a pioneer in freak mon in their enforcement. nitrate plant, to be located by the
legislation? .Are there not already Th(, - fnr ree-nlatinn of th president. That meant a power
Jobs enough for departments, bu- I ,.qji, i,. .x th- I plant, and the old crowd induced Mr,
reaus. boards and Inspectors? Do ter audiences is actually governed by Wilson to choose Muscle shoals. He
allotted $17,000,000 for the dam In
a different gasoline, than automo- h- .fn.i.t m.mha, nr February, 1918, but Mr. Lenroot
bilists of other states now use? L,i. , riiE,h.r in r.-ca nt ffro said, "not one dollar was expended
It will be time to experiment with th ,-niinnt nt it fnver as wll as in the construction of this dam until
1 : 1 1 . i A . 1. 1 1 , 1 ' 1 . 1 wna n,-ai ' nn,i(-h tha til.
uuiims-miiui mc, the occupants of the seats In the "V"
tests when the plan of leaving the n,Isa it that the theater trate plant had been built. The war
nr h..M h tn nffr I emergency which alone justified
From the action of the senate In I lead Europe would not accept, there
appropriating $10,000,000 to con- I are a number of small states, some
tinue work on the Muscle shoals of which are only in process of for
mation. Bather than lead in draw
ing the nations together, these would
look to the association for protec
tion. If Ajnerica and Britain Join
In the work, they can carry all other
peace-loving nations along with
them In a combination of moral and
physical force which will prove the
despair of militarism, reaction and
evident that President-elect Hard
ing will find It no easy job to give
effect to his policy of "more business
in government and less government
in business," for the effect of the
senate's act is to ene-age the govern
ment still more in business. Sena
tors Smoot and Lenroot made a
manful fight against the appropria
tion, but they were voted down.
For many years efforts were made
to commit the government to con
the rabbits out of their winter quar
All went well until they came to
group of rabbit burrows. The ferret
went into one of the holes and stayed.
All manner of shouting, threats an
pleading speeches not availing, th
two hunters went to a nearby farm
house and borrowed a pick and
shovel. Excavation began.
After an hour s bard work digging
into the frozen ground Wright de
cided to try to reach the ferret. He
thrust his arm down the hole an
four flying squirrels came out at high
'Easily explained," Wright told hi
fellow nimrod as soon as he could get
his breath. "You see, the ferrej got
In there and the squirrels, prevented
by the confining walls of the tunne
from spreading their wings, were easy
prey. The ferret Is eating one of
them now. When be finishes his meal
field open to competitive dealing has
failed, and it has been shown more
over that the country's supply of
crudes is sufficient to meet the de
mands of industry. It is an axiom
of business that quantity production
of a standard product is most eco
nomical in the long run. and that
special prices must be paid for spe
cial grades of goods. Neither new
Inspection laws nor more inspectors
are demanded by automobilists or
taxpayers. Simple repeal of the law
r.ow nominally In force will be
the warmth and shelter of the foyer
to those who are waiting for seats.
If it Is not so equipped he ought not
to be permitted to do so.
It is without doubt a matter of
serious objection by many persons
that no information, is given them as
to the availability of seats in the
motion picture theaters until they
have paid their admission and
passed into the foyer. The object
tion is not based .on the ground,"
however, that they are thereby
subjected to danger, but on the
ground that they have been im-
A WAT TO MAKE WAR HTM AXE. nosed upon. The producers would
Poison gas was considered the I get a larger amount of public ap-
acme of barbarism when the Ger- probation, we think, if they would
mans used it for the first time tn the make use of "Standing Room Only"
war. but U member of congress who notices -and announce prominently
detests war now pronounces its use the beginning time of Turn pro?
"one of the most humane methods grammes. But if adequately equipped
of fighting." The house was dis- with emergency exits, there Is no
cussing the appropriation for chem- good reason, why those who wish to
U-al warfare when Representative I wait for seats should De required to
Montague protested against spend-I stand out in the weather and block
ing so much money on a thing that I the sidewalks,
"shocked the moral conscience of
the world." This brought Represen
tative Sisson to his feet with the
declaration that he knew no such
thing as civilized warfare, and he
expressed opinions which would
shock the tender-hearted pacifists of
other days.
According to him, "the United
States is in a position to use more
gas and more deadly gas than all of
the other nations in the world com
bined." Though in the beginning of
gas warfare we were all shocked, we
knew we had to meet it and we did,
for "we soon developed the most
deadly gas in the world." He said:
When mr nation nets Into war with any
tnrr nation. 1 want my nation to be In
such shape that site can destroy the enemy
as rapidly as possible and with aa little
loss of American life aa possible.
He even went so far as to say:
If I could poison a well and none but the
enemy's soldiers drina of it. I would poison
Whether the interesting practice,
affected by some physicians, of writ
ing "t. 1. d., p. c," when they plainly
mean that the patient is to take the
medicine three times a day, after
meals, and whether the cabalistic
symbols, "M. et. sic.," and their ilk,
ought to be banished forever from
prescriptions for the sick, has long
been a moot question with physi
cians themselves. Likewise there is
in professional circles difference of
opinion whether one is more bene
fited by exhibition of digitalis or
foxglove, or whether podophyllum
would be more efficacious by one of
its various other names, 6uch as
mandrake, mayapple, wild lemon,
ground lemon,, raccoon berry, hog
apple and vegetable calomel.
It is proposed, however, that noth.
. V, ,a -nH ... I.nv . 1, . .an,v ... I I i T I V. a nnna In l rnrmn
av. the ef our owa boy.. one Js minded by reading thai
But It was brought out that poison a bm has Deen introduced in the
gas was not so deadly after all. The state senate making it compulsory
Horror was caused Dy tne perridy or t0 write prescriptions In English.
Germany in violating the Hague 1 The idea, we suppose, is that the ail
treaty by its use against nations ln shau n0 longer be cured by de-
whirh kept faith and which trusted -Antinn. but onlv dosed in plain
to Germany doing likewise. In the I language, such as everybody ought
i;rsc surprise auac tne aeatns 1 10 be aDie t0 understand. The suf-
among tnose gassea were aooui jo ferer -win get his "wolfsbane" or
per cent, but protective masks -monkshood" instead of being put
changed mat. in tne American army I off Wjth the more elusive "aco.
the death rate from gas was barely : nitum." and when the doctor thinks
S per cent and total casualties from
that cause were i per cent, but those
killed and disabled by bullets and
high explosives were 12 per cent, be
sides an additional 3 per cent in
hospitals from other causes. It is
disputed that a higher proportion of
ex-soldiers now disabled are victims
of gas than of other forms of cas
ualty. As the aim In battle Is to disable
the enemy's soldiers for further
fighting, not especially to kill them,
fas may prove the most humane in
stead of the most deadly and cruel
weapon. Chemical experiment may
take the course qf a search for a
pas that will put the hostile army to
fiicci) jvitiiout pjraiaueiUly injuring
he needs rhamnus Purshiana, or cas
cara sagrada, the majesty of law will
be appeased by the physician who is
careful to write "sacred bark" in
stead. The fact seems to be that most
physicians are now writing prescrip
tions in Knghsh more generally than
in olden times, and that others do
so when they happen to know the
English names of things. But there
is a certainty about scientific no
menclature that docs not always ob
tain as to English when the latter Is
local and colloquial, and it is some
times an interesting question where
the line shall be drawn. What, for
example, is the English name of hy
drocyanic acid? .Or of biry canine?
the government's engaging in the
power business had passed, the
enormous expenses of the govern
ment and the necessity of reducing
them and the national debt dictated
that such avoidable expense be
stopped, but Secretary of War Baker
continued work and has spent $12,
000,000. Advocates of the scheme
now admit that the total cost will be
about $50,000,000 and that the
power can be marketed only by
spending $29,000,000 more on dis
tribution lines, but they urge that
the government go on in order to
avoid loss of the money already ex
pended. For a time they played for
support of the farmers by saying
that the nitrate plant could produce
fertilizer, but, as Mr. Smoot said,
that argument has "gone glimmer
ing" and "nothing in the present ap
propriation has the remotest con
nectlon with fertilizer."
The southerners argued that. If
work should be abandoned or sus
pended, the sum already spent would
be lost, and that there is abundant
raarket-for the power in the cities of
Birmingham, Memphis, Nashville
and Chattanooga, but bpponents of
the scheme replied that the loss
would not exceed $4,500,000. The
alternative was to spend the entire
$50,000,000 and $29,000,000 addi
tional on distribution lines, with the
uncertain prospect that after thirty
years the investment would earn 5
per cent or the plant might be
leased to a distributing company.
The government nitrate plant would
use only 125,000 of the 550,000
horsepower to be developed.
There is no cause for the expendi
ture of such great sums on an en
terprise which is clearly within the
field of private enterprise, especially
when the house cuts the appropria
tion for all the rivers and harbors of
the country to $15,000,000 only
half as much again as it Is proposed
to spend on this one project in one
year. If there is as good a market
for the power as is contended, pri
vate capital can be found to con
struct and operate the plant. If this
is a good business proposition, the
government should leave it to pri
vate enterprise; if not, there is still
less reason for the government to
take It up.
This is a fine illustration of the
manner in which those who regard
the national treasury as a public
grab-bag lure congress on to spend
constantly larger sums until it gets
in so deep that it cannot extricate
itself. First came the nitrate plant.
which should have been left to pri
vate enterprise. Then came expen
diture of $12,000,000 on the dam on
the pretense of furnishing power to
the nitrate plant. Now comes a de
mand for $10,000,000 in order that
the $12,000,000 may not be lost. Ex
tending into the future is a long
vista of further demands for more
millions in order to save the millions
already expanded. This is a parallel
on a larger scale of the story of the
Multnomah county hospital. It
ie nopea uiai. ir tne nouse snouid
not kill the appropriation, the next
The pedagogue's question whether
It Is worth as much to train thetaind
as it is to mind the train is answered.
so far as public appreciation of rela
tive values is concerned, by the re
port of the Rockefeller education
board, which shows that of 8540
teachers employed In 259 colleges
i ; nlw in nor ranf wprfl
i"::r. rn v, ' . ;,h M to sleep vw - p. ... I Th. B1,,1,,.1, tnnlr ,.fti in tha
salary as a switchman gets, while v -.. .v-o- -
only SO per cent were as well paid as branches of nearby trees the doughty
naa.anan flr-amon nnrl onlv 15 VBT """ lo anu uyera
cent drew salaries equivalent to the tlons continued, uubk overtook mem
!. a ' nnirlneer. at their task. Two large fires were
v.D.i5(inii were receiv- and the digging progressed by
in. i.e. than $1500 a vear. after a their light. Soon a sizable cave was
innraaaa of 25 nar cent had hewed in the ground and signs or tne
hn Granted. The figures explain ferret were eagerly watched for. Pres-
whv It Is that Commissioner Claxton ently a sound was heard In the bow
often finds it necessary to remind els of the earth and the animal came
tmonle that there is a shortage of up tor air, ounitea at tne two aaven
competent teachers, and that the turers, dodged eager hands and re-
suddIv continues unequal to the ae- turnea to nis suoterranean meai,
mand. I Now was the time for action, and
with the memory of three hours of
Wilbur Glenn Voliva. overseer of heartbreaking work to strengthen
Zion, Insists that the earth is nai, ,-v..
t Rmih.r Voliva wants as far as he could Into the hole. He
snme exDert advice as to the round- sot hold of the ferret and pulled.
ness of the earth, let him ask the But the ferret clung to a root or a
kaiser who tried to tie a rope stone and declined to let go.
5ii wnen ne am let go ne aia it
suddenly. Brown fell backward and
the ferret, pulled forth with a good
deal of force, was catapulted from
Brown's hand into the air above. De-
around it but didn't quite succeed.
Paderewski says he is through
with piano playing for good, but
maw An some composing. Having
failed to accomplish It as a politl- scribing a graceful but kicking arc
clan as a musician he may yet be the little animal landed not far away
able to compose a victorious march directly in another rabbit burrow.
.rain.i th. Russians. He is still there. St. Paul Pioneer
-e I
Automobile collisions In Chicago
are not popular. In one the other
riav four men leaped from each and 1 papers have served notice of a rise
began firing at each other and four! in their subscription rates with the
and a passer-by were wounded. That I result that papers there now cost
all had handy guns is strictly cm- i much more than in Portland.
cagoesque. I In their announcement, subscrip
tion rates for ban Francisco morning
People for countless generations newspapers are now $1.16 a month.
San Francisco and Oakland news-
have survived and thriven without
aid of legislation for their welfare.
The world is being welfared too
much. Much of the object is to
create jobs for welfarers.
The publishers said that every errort
had been made to maintain the pres
ent rates, but the excessive cost of
white paper, the advances recently
granted in wage scales and the in
creased cost of every item that goes
into the manufacture of a newspaper
made the burden such that a price
readjustment could no longer be
"The city of Moro Is exhibiting a
progressive and enterprising spirit In
the matter of civic improvement'that
is worthy of the highest oraise."
states J. B. Hosford, Portland attor
ney, who has Just returned from a
visit to the county seat of Sherman
county. "The municipality boasts as
Line a water system, for its ze. as
any in the state of Oregon. A 200,000
Sallon reservoir furnishes the city
with plenty of pure water. A new
hotel is proving a valuable asset to
the city. An elaborate programme of
street improvement is now in prog
ress, cement sidewalks are being in
stalled and crosswalks are being laid
at the expense of the city. Many fine
residences are in course of construc
tion and the city is manifesting a
degree of prosperity that is a source
of pride to Mayor Thompson and the
members of the council."
The effective ways In which winter
weather can tie up transportation
was demonstrated this week to A. CJ.
Belshlme of Guler, Wash., who ar
rived at the Imperial yesterday. In
Productivity- ( Mr. Who Saved
Country la W ar Is One of Them.
EUGEXE, Or., Feb. 14. (To the
Editor.) The proposed legislation
granting a bonus to soldiers and
others who saw service in the army
and navy of the United States during
the world war Is receiving consider
able attention from those interested,
and rightly so, but does not seem
to be receiving the consideration
it deserves from any but organi
sations of ex-service men and those
who would be beneficiaries.
It is a matter of public concern.
Primarily the purpose for which all
in the army and navy gave their serv
ices was the preservation of the re
public. And the preservation of the
republic and what it stands for
should never be lost sight of In re
warding those who gave so much in
Its service. And now at this time
wnen we hear so much talk of bon,us
(and see so little bonus) the fact
should never be lost sight of that
any compensation granted to ex-
service men from the state or national
governments should have for Its nrin
ciple object the safeguarding of our
nation and the preservation of our
national life.
All of which brings us back to the
purpose or a bonus. In the giving of
a bonus there is one thing to be ob
tained; to help these men to become
better and more prosperous citizens
to enable them to help themselves
a!L. 'hereby he'P the country for
n... i,lcy xougnt. Any gift of a
few dollars to them, which will soon
be spent and then forgotten, is not
going to better their circumstances
r. . 5n!y' ln thin Digger than
that. Thev shnnM ...i.i
looking toward their achieving a
conaition and arriving at such cir
cumstances in life which those who
service have the more
More Truth Than Poetry.
By Jamra J. MoalsMe.
did not see
easily attained.
Assistance should h o-lvn , it..
state government, and national gov
ernment too. if they can be made to
see it. which will enable the ex-.erv-
lea man n . . , .
.-- . .uuuer nis own Interests
by acquiring a home, and preferably
!? ,5onie' and thereby become a
stockholder in this land of ours and
i?i1.r Sov.ernment- By so doing much
will have been done to solve the ques
tion of unemploymert.'always a prob
lem which demands attention. Tlie
newspapers have been .artless or In
different ln treating with this ques
tion. The writer lias seen verv few
editorials on the subject that showe.
really constructive thought, a desire
to meet the question fairly.
By all means a bonus. And just aa
certainly as these men who fought in
army and navy were needed by the
nation in time of war. they are now
needed In time of peace when the
problems of national unr-sr ...i
construction are very real and of the
1 coicat
II unrinnf. I .1,. I.
tha etimma. tima V. a .-In . n flA.aIK1A , . i. . ' il JlO-
r " 1 "'h ui uie man wno fought for his
by way of the road is made from country to share ln. to a greater .1
the nearest town in about three hours, tent, the blessings of the country
It is merely a matter of riding in a he fought for. Help him to t J
comfortable auto bus or private car to
the summer resort at Trout lake,
near the base of Mount Adams. Mr.
Belshime found that several feet of
snow on the ground had markedly
changed such a mode of travel. A
sled and then a wagon brought him
over the 49 miles in over 24 hours,
which he does not consider fast time.
Trout lake is a famous fishing re
sort, where, at least several years
ago, the streams were so clear that
the fish could be seen disporting
themselves ln the water with ease.
The preliminary drive for the
(2.000,000 endowment fund which Pa
cifio university needs is getting
good start," declared Dr. Quenti
Tucker of Forest Grove yesterday at
the Perkins. "We are proud of th
university and the citizens of th
town are doing everything possibl
to make this drive a success. As for
the city Itself, a new saw mill will
be started In about, another month
It will be supplied with power from
the city s electric station. A con
slderable amount of paving is being
done in the city." Dr. Tucker has
lived in Forest Grove for 12 years.
He came to Oregon 15 years ago from
C.ilitcrr.ia. He was born in Indiana.
I wouldn't live any other place but
Oregon now," he said. "I wish I had
come here sooner.
'Condon Is the best Inland town In
the state," said G. W. Parman yes
terday at the Seward. "I've lived
there 37 years now and I certainly
think It's a fine place. My farm is
about three miles west of Condon
I've made my home there nearly ever
nice I came to Oregon from Kansas
The new hotel, called the Condon
hotel, Is getting started well and
proving h big improvement to the
town. Crop prospects are good this
year, bttctr than they have been for
everal years, I think." Mr. Parman
has JUEt completed a term of six
years as county judge of Gilliam
ounty. Mr. and Mrs. Parman will
isit friends and relat vts near Port
land and return home late In the
D. A. Grout, city superintendent of
schools, is now on his way to At
lantic City, where he will attend the
convention of representatives of the
partment of superintendence of the
Xational Education association. En
route he will visit schools in the cast
nd w'll make a special study of tha
itdation at Rochester. N. T. The
convention will meet from. February
i tc juarcn 3.
Betsy Buell, adjudged by the
Smithsonian . Institution to be the
'most perfect girl," has married.
Thus quickly does she pass from the I avoided
present into the past perfect tense. I The cost of, the raw white paper
in a single issue became greater than
The Oregon City doctor who has the price at which the issue is sold.
sued seven other physicians of that Frequent attempts have been made to
town for $50,000 each at least pays obtain cheaper newsprint.
them the compliment of thinking
tney an nave mat mucn money. The Eacramento Bee tells of an oak
irA An id tn he the largest in Shasta
The Washington legislature has county, which . was felled on E. A.
killed a bill to revive horse racing. Schuler's farm between Anderson and
Anything suggestive of great speed Balls Ferry, CaL
generally is unpopular witn legisla
Josef Hofmann. famous nlanlst. who
will appear In concert tonight here.
arrived at the Benson yesterday. He
registers from Aiken, S." C. His sig
nature, which many a music lover
would cherish as a prlceles gift, re
posed In a most unconcerned way
among those of the many other vis
itors to Portland yesterday.
Miss Nan Tenwick, who is at the
Benson from Hood River, is an effi
cient business woman, who acts as
general manager of the Liberty
theater In her city. She serves as
utility man and comes to Portland
to select films which will delight
Hood River residents.
Mrs. H. E. Ravelle and her daughter
are at the Multnomah from Anchor
age, Alaska. Mrs. Ravelle is the
wife of, the famous Colonel Ravelle,
who for so many years carried the
mail over the trails of Alaska for
Uncle Sam. Mrs. Ravelle will return
to Alaska in the spring.
Captain G. T. Ellingson. master of
The butt was seven and one-half I the Norwegian steamer Hermlon. ar-
feet in diameter. The tree yielded rived in PorUand yesterday from
Bend must be degenerating. The
latest raid disclosed a quantity of
wine rather than whisky. What must
Irv Cobb think of that?
. If Beery, apparent lunatic, who
escaped from the asylum, has' left
the state, perhaps It is just as well,
He will not dare return.
Tons of prunes for relief of starv
ing Chinese are very good, but let us
throw in some side meat and corn
More, snow is forecast, but, speak
ing as one would at Salem, move to
amend to make it rain.
Harding is not thrifty, preslden-
tlally speaking. He declines exemp.
tion of income tax.
By the way and en passant as well.
congress will repeal it before the J Where's "Shadow" ? - ' , '
170 tiers of wood, which at the pres
ent price of $5.50 a tier, produced $935.
By cutting the tree down, two acres
of valuable land are made productive,
as the branches of the oak shaded
that much ground. Only 150 tiers of
wood were really obtained at this
time, but a few years ago 20 tiers
were made out of a large branch that
broke off.
A pistol which fires automatically
from the hip as one raises his arms
at a bandit's command has been pat
ented by Samuel Vlanch of Sioux City,
la. The weapon is so designed that
when the arms are in normal positton
It points downward, suspended from a
belt worn under the coat When the
arm Is raised above the head a lever
brings the pistol into position to shoot
straight ahead and trips the hammer.
Vlanch says the appliance may be ad
justed so It is perfectly Bafe while
Astoria ahead of his ship. He ia
registered at the Multnomah.
Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Dewey of Glen
dale. Or., and Mr. and Mrs. George
Raymond of Glasgow, Mont., are at
the Oregon lor a few days.
Garnishment of Wagrea.
CERES. Wash., Feb. 15. (To the
Editor.) will you please tell me in
your columns if the following was a
legal proceeding? We were paying
$1 a month on an account and the
lawyer wanted more, so he garnisheed
our bank account, or held it until we
paid the bill in full, with costs. Can
a man's wages be garnisheed as long
as he pays one dollar per month?
After an account is due it may be
sued on and a garnishment issued at
any time. An agreement by the
creditor to accept $1 a month may be
disregarded by him later on unless
the agreement is founded on new and
the wearer is engaged in routine du- additional consideration Deyona ine
ties. Kansas City Star. J original obligation.
.."...e. to enjoy lire, to have the things
that we in the United States consider
?ZT T Lt; and do not 8tP "hort of
inure are in this country mil
Hons of acres of good productive Ian
Wninn nnM . i
.. ut. lo proa,ice ur)
..u wun ir u were possible for th
"-" -- man witn the aid of stat
national governmei
iariea ,n tne right way. It is th
lne s-overnment to see th
they do get started.
j use one word more. Do not aur
.v-ui.a oenericiary legislation for ex
-c.v.ue men with conditions whic
k..n. k ao or tnem ma' no
-Old Timer- Approve. Sandy than,. of Impi.,ton
Tr T5 Tr a w-y-n. .
eo- I5- (To the Edi
.YT .,fply lo Alr- A- T. MacDon
, '.,, .J .ate that 1 bave been
n ? oiscussion on the renam
ing of Sandy road. I am an old
timer, and in the days of old and the
days of gold I have packed my
blankets over mountains and plains.
I have tramped through 'Whisky
"ci, HP ?use crel." down through
"Skunk's Ho low" , ..
. -! lime nitu mv
bacon and slapjacks at "Sowbelly " l
Naturally, we nu.nn
Utile ,....,l..i '
j koviiiiui Liiwnrn tha
neonl. h.,.. .... ""
fr7, H..r . UI lnc,r aunipt on.
tor daring to meHdu with .k. .!..'
which belong to the sacred past Ye"
I do not believe that they are doing
, , lu allium us, but be
cause of their sense r.t h v. ...... ,
Thac, I- ucaUULUl
a aurety that some of the
?ef a"i old landmarks will be ever
i i" Jme,nory of man. but not
,ahi: ah,U."d:fd8 wlH be left attract
'"nun ana to nirnAtit. , u .
story of those grand old pioneer days.
c.m Tn an automobile and
v.?10,'0. point whe-e the road
kiittiiiineo into two. rnmlns- t..,k..
train . .u- . ? '"seiner
l" I"""1 01 my destination,
n , v,k"ew kf th" San,e a"J yet
did not know about tha nji., 'M
hnfh nnJ.. .. " w.m.uun Ol
.V'V "nu " eacn branch had a
signboard, erne "Sandv road- nH ,h
other "Columb'a boulevard," I cer
tainly would take tha
hnlllAiranilH ' w VWIUIIIUia
nnh . n r , 6 B'ma reason that
such a name always suggests a well
kept road. Such a name i never ap
plied to any road in the rough
Importaaee of l.lncola'a Anteeedeat.
Palea Before HI Own.
the Editor.) The dierPi imn'....
cedents of men are discovering that
Lincoln did not spring from the poor
whites of Kentucky, but rather from
the higher classes of Virginia. The
writer never was troubled hv th
enerally accepted pedierrae of Lin
coln. The question is not who' are
oeiore you, Dut who are you? A dis
tinguished line of folks often runs
ut 01 iertlllty, like long used soil
rhich may well be replaced by soil
pturned by the plow. Lincoln was
tan enough to stand upon his own
reet ana in height, thoua-h ha
as reacned the stars, he etui
erect. In fine, that h. is
Melchisedek, without father and
mother and with no succession, con
tributes to the constructing band of
iioa. ine writer belongs to an old
line going back as far aa Adam, and
he is proud of the compliment the
father in Eden gave his wife in, Why,
tne woman toia me to eat the woman
the fine gift of thyself but he does
not carry Adam UDon his shoulders.
Much has been said of Lincoln's
mother, but too little of his step
mother, who put life into the shiftless
father of Abraham and who made
him put new floors and put doors
and windows In the cabin home of
Illinois, and who largely directed the
early training of the future president.
Of course, Lincoln was a Christian
without church membership. If heaven
depended entirely upon the death of
church members for its inmates many,
very many, of the mansions above
would be unoccupied.
Iancinir is a rexular part of the trsin
ln at West Point.
When a gallant cadet whizzes by with
his girl.
To the jazz's unrhythmical beat.
Or joins in the dizzy, bewildering
With shimmy and shoulders and
And only at Intervals pauses to puff
In the course of a hard dancing
Don't think that he's pulling unsol
dlcrly stuff.
For that's how they teach 'em to
The lad who would stand undismayed
1 In a trench
Or calmly go over the top.
Has often been noticed to shudder and
While dragging a Jane through a
The mind that can master the In
tricate dope
That the writers,on strategy plot.
Too often is sadly unable to cope
Vlth the one-step, the glide or the
W!'t war's worst alarums have never
been known
A veteran dancer to stun;
Cadets who can skip to a braying
Never flinch at the roar of a gun.
And leading a wall-flower out on the
Who Is lacking in llthencss and
Implants tn the earnest young student
of war
Unswerving devotion to duty.
And so, though you fancy that danc
ing's a sport
Unsuiteirto soldierly deeds
Like crushing a salient or storming
a fort
It's ouite what an officer needs.
Cadets who four years through the
maze of the dance
Have side-stepped and eddied and
If ever a mix-up should give them a
Will easily lick the whole world,
e e
No Qualification Needed.
The reason there are so many an- '
pllcants for cabinet positions is tlmt
no civil service examination ia re
( nmlna to Him.
We are In favor of Increasing Ger
many's army allowance by one, so
she can put Berifdoll in it. .
What's the Isrf
Why besin to save daylight again?
Aa soon as wet gl the habit the
prosperity league will come along
with a warninar that unless we spend
It business will be ruined,
(fopyrlsht, by the Hell Sr,r1cate. Tno
John Burroughs' Nature
Cam Yon Answer Thce Question f
1. Can a house cricket be coaxed
and tamed by offering it food and by
talking to it?
2. What happened to an elaborate
spider web I watched a spider spin
one evening, hut which was gone the
next morning?
3. How does a brood of young
partridges manage to disappear, seem
ing to melt from view, without ap
parently moving off to Join the
Answers in tomorrow's nature notes,
Anawera to Previous Questions.
1. Are sparrows useful tliinus
around a farm?
It depends on the kind of sparrow.
The English or house sparrow is more
nuisance than help in almost any sit
uation, though during outbreaks of
the army worm, the bird has been
known to do good service In checking
this peat. The native sparrows, field.
song, swamp, vesper, sparrows, etc.,
are tuneful and enjoyable and helpful
ln consuming quantities of weed
seeds. Native sparrows should be pro
tected rigorously.
2. Where do honey bees get tli i
wax to build their combs from?
Bees get the wax UBed In building
their six-sided cells, by making it.
It Is a product of honey which has
been In a sense digested, or at any
rate converted within the bee's body,
into thin, fatty scales. These wax
scales are "sweated." or forced out
between the rings of the bee's ab
domen, onto Its under side and from
this gossamer 7U1 in deposit, enough
wax Is collected to build comb. This
fact was discovered In 1K4H by Martin
Jo'.m, who found lie could pick olf
the scales with a needle.
3. I have heard that rabbits, when
in fear, or in signaling, use a whist
ling sound. Is tills true or false?
I cannot confirm through, personal
observation the statement that rab
bits make a whistling sound. They
will cry out when caught by a weasel,
t have known a weasel to drive a
chipmunk to the topmost branch of
tall tree and when he was about
to seize it, the chipmunk let go its
hold and fell with a cry of despair.
A correspondent from Alaska and one
from Kansas write of hearing a rab- '
bit and a rat scream when pursued by
In Other Days.
Tneuly-flve Veers Ate.
From The Orejronlan nf February Is. IS!'.
London. The British consul at
Archangel telegraphed yesterday
confirming the report that the ex-
lorer Nansen Is safe and is returning-
from the north pole.
H. J. Mclnnls was Inst night elected
president of the Second Ward Kepuh.
lican club. He will serve for two
Tha Oregon Telephone A Telegraph
company is now in process of moving
to its new quarters ln the Macleay
building at the corner of Fourth ami
Washington streets.
Miss Emilie F. Bauer of Portland
wrote yesterday to The Orcgonl;in
from San Francisco. She said the.
coming of Paderewski to the Pacific
coast has been the greatest musical
event since the advent of Pattl.
Fifty. Venra Ago.
From The Orecnlan 0f February 16. 1X71.
Versailles. The bankets of Pari
are fully prepared to lend the city of
Pa Is 200.000,000 francs for the pay
ment of that city's war contributions.
A new machine for taking the hide
from dead cattle will shortly be tried
at Buenos Aires. Cold air is forced
by a pump between the flesh and tha
hide and the thing is done.
Once an auto purty nigh.
Made a muss of Uncle Cy;
Honked right up against his ear.
Purt nigh kinked him outa gear.
Cy he jumped like all gee whiz.
Spite of all his rheumatiz;
He fergot he was trustee
Of the church, and jiminee.
How he waved his fists and cussed.
That recedin' cloud of dust.
However exeat mav be the vea.n.
inn- nail In nra nn tha I
for this blessing is no less In tier
many, according to recent dispatches.
No lledemittlna.
REEDSPORT, Or.. Feb. H. (To the
. There Is no right of redemption
after the sheriff deed has beea issued.