Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 04, 1921, Page 8, Image 8

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rabllrhed by The Oragonian Publlshine- Co,
13a sixth Street, i'orlluna, Oreson.
3Ianaftr. Kdilor.
The Orrgonisn Is a member of the Asso
ciated Press. The Associated Press Is
clUHively entitled to the use for publication,
of all news flioat-hea credited to it or not.
otherwise cr.-ili!..l In thie paper and also
the local aevra puoliahed herein. All rights
of publication of special dispatches nerelo
are also reserved.
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flow to Remit Send Dostofftco money
order, ?prvs or personal check en your
local bank, stamps, eoin or currency are
ni owner,. riifc. t'.ive poatolflce atluress in
lull, including county and alate.
I'oMare Kale 1 to J papee. 1 cent: 1
- I'anea, j cents: 34 to 41 paces, 3 cents;
."0 to o4 pagcH. cents; titi to Ml pages. A
c.nts: to .jit puta, 6 cents. Jt'ureign
postaao douiilv rate.
M(erw lliiatjims Office Verrea & Conk
lln. Hrunswick buildinr. New York; Verree
ft Conklui, blrr-r buiidinic. Chlcaxo: Verree
Conklin. Fre. I'r-sji bull. tins. Fietrolt.
34.rn ; Verree Conklin. Selling building.
Portland: ,an Francisco representative,
it. J. liidwe.l.
give them the right to speak and
write freely, with peculiarly bol
shevist legic demanded that it in.
eludes the right to preach destruc
tion of those institutions.
Steffens' "comrade," Tucker, was
outspoken to the point of brutality
at Denver, for he muckraked the
Red Cross and held up as worthy
of support by -all true proletarians
Its bolshevist counterfeit, the Red
Star league, for which he took up
a collection. He is one of the four
who were convicted of disloyalty
together with Berger. Granting of
a new trial is no vindication of his
loyality, for it is notorious that he
obstructed prosecution of the war.
It may be well to consider the
justification of Mayor Baker for his
refusal to permit Lincoln riteffens
and Irwin St. John Tucker to appear
at the Portland auditorium.
Kteffens proposed to speak in pro
test against deportation of L. C. A.
Jv. .Martens, M ho has been styled by
his red confederates ambassador
from the soviet republic of Russia,
though he was not recognized by
President Wilson as such and there
fore occupied a position in no way
different from that of any other
foreigner. The soviet republic open
ly and boastfully proclaims its pur
pose to stir up revolution against
the government of the United States.
Because that is its purpose and be
cause Martens is a member of It,
lie was deported. Regardless of
those facts, he might lawfully have
been deported because his activities
in this country were revolutionary.
His office in New York was a center
from which red propaganda was
spread, and he consorted-with these
elements which aim at violent. revo
lution. By protesting against War- ;
tens' expulsion Steffens aligns him
self with the enemies of the govern
ment. It would be intolerable that
he .should be permitted to use as a
forum for spouting his anti-Ameri
ran principles the auditorium which
was erected by the city a unit of
the! government which his bolshevist
friends would destroy.
The nature of the speech which
SteJJens would have made may be
inferred from that which he delivered
in .Denver on January 27. The
following synopsis is extracted from
the; Denver Labor Bulletin:
Mn steffens explained how the bolshe
vist programme bad developed and shaped
Itself under the test of practice, how it
was overcoming obstacles to production
and to the solution of the land Question.
He slated that sines the revolution labor
ftait ,been organised oa an Industrial basts,
and. that Lenin looked to Industrial or
ganisation to supersede the present politi
cal uiciaionmip maue necessary by a, tem
porary emergency.
?n its face that seems to be a
dispassionate statement of a great
economic experiment. It is in fact
an attempt to make the bolshevist
government appear attractive by
Wholesale suppression of the truth
and by assumption that the false is
true. It glosses over the fact that
the soviet began by violent dispersal
of the constituent assembly, which
was the first genuinely representa
tive body ever elected by the Rus
sian people and in which the bol
shevists were in a decided minority.
It suppresses the hideous story of
terrorism, murder, corruption, star
vation and industrial breakdown,
especially the denial of free speech
and a free press, the breaking .of
strikes by execution of leaders and
by shooting. 'A Tiian whose head
is already filled with stuff about
capitalism and" the proletariat might
easily incline, on hearing what a
beneficent, harmless thing bolshe
vism Is, to use violence to destroy
its enemies.
The uproar about denial of free
speech that is raised by. Steffens'
local sponsors is ndt justified. The
visiting radicals would use a build
ing 'erected by the existing govern
ment to enlist recruits for the red
army which is to destroy that
government. They would mount one
of the cornerstones of the constitu
tion in order to preach its destruc
tion. The mayor would be justified
in preventing a speech in favor of
a declared enemy of the govern
ment, even if it were delivered in a
private hall hired for the occasion;
certainly he should stop the speech
and . arrest the speaker as soon as
treasonable spirit was revealed. He
has both the right and the duty to
discriminate between use and abuse
of the right of free speech, and ha
may judge the character of a speech
that is about to be made from the
nature of one that has been delivered
by the same person a$d from the
record of that person.
Beginning as an uplifter when
employed on eastern newspapers,
steffens developed into a muck
raker when he became managing
editor of McClure's magazine, and
in a series of articles entitled "The
Shame of the Cities" he threw into
strong relief all that was bad in
municipal government. His business
being to smell out rottenness, he
soon came to believe that all was
rotten. To use & pet phrase of the
reds, he moved to the left, became
a professional muckraker and when
rivals la that field began to divide
the. "honors," he moved still further
to the left and shone as an anti
war socialist. Hia appetite for the
politically uncloaa led him to sniff
out anything in a distinguished
man's record that could be twisted
to his discredit and to hold it up
to the public g-izo. From socialism
to bolshevism was but a step. Hence
we find him as partner of the re
nowned W. C. Bullitt on a secret
peace mission to the bolshevist. with
which he was entrusted by President
Wilson. The two emissaries were
shown only the fair side of bolshe-
vism, they were blinded to its
seamy side by their predilection for
anything revolutionary and oa their
return they gave soviet Moscow a
nice coat of whitewash. The soviet
itself is more frank than its foreign
defenders, for Its chiefs announce
that they seek to foment "a heavy1
civil, war'' in this country and Great
Britain. Such men as Steffens,
soured pa the tostltutlons which
The people of Oregon, so far as
they have been informed on the
subject, will observe with astonish
ment and dismay that the state sen
ate has passed the bill appropriating
$2,500,000 for the Roosevelt Coast
The house has a clear duty. That
duty is to defeat the bill. It is not
expected that it can pass on its
merits; and the suspicion is Justified
that it was permitted to go through
the senate as a compliment to its
authors. Senators Hall and Norblad,
on the assumption that it would be
beaten in the house.
Yet it is hoped by its promoters to
log-roll it to enactment. A com
bination with the irrigation interests
is suggested. Being suggested, the
suggestion should be resented and
rejected. Cannot irrigation stand on
its merits, though the Roosevelt
highway cannot? But, whether it
can or not, a trade between the irri
gationists and the highway support
ers cannot be excused nor justified.
Two years ago, it was a military
highway, to be built, owned a-iid
maintuined by the United States.
Oregon offered to give $2,500,000,
and no more toward the project
Now it Is claimed that Oregon was
to match the government expen
diture. It made no such offer.
Now It is to be a scenic and com
mercial road and Oregon is to build
it alone. How much will it cost?
Who knows? Not less than $10,
000,000, and probably more. It is
bad business-
is breeding in himself a negligence
of another kind that is apt to grow.
Not all the omissions that cause suf
fering are crimes, but in a good
many instances their results are as
grave as if they were.
Fire prevention training, which in
its practical application is unlikely
to trench greatly on school time, is
important as a symbol rather than
as a fact In itself. Times have
changed since the elder generation
were boys and girls. The nation,
which had no matches a century
ago, for example, now uses 700,000,
000 matches a day. The fire losses
of the country jumped last year,
according to Secretary Wentworth
of the National Fire Prevention as
sociation, to $300,000,000, an in
crease of $60,000,000 in ' single
year, Kight million acres of land,
says the same authority, were
burned over last yean And the
point at which the fire record
touches the system of education is I
that nearly if not quite 90. per cent
of these fires were preventable. In
cendiarism in the legal sense was
relatively negligible; but neverthe
less $270,000,000 in property that
can be replaced only by tho toil of
others than those who were to blame
for its destruction went up in smoke
and was a total economic loss.
It will not be contended that the
essentials of schooling' ought to be
replaced by fads, but It is the be
lief of many that inculcation of tho
spirit which fire prevention and
public hygiene represent Is a branch
of education worth while, and it is
on the larger, rather than the par
ticular aspect of the issue that' they
rest their case.
. The Oregonian has received from
a prominent judge of the circuit
court of Oregon a letter which
should be of interest to the state leg
islature and to all taxpayers. The
name is withheld, but assurance may
be given, from the character and
standing of the writer, that he has
no interest whatever in the subject
but the public interest. The letter
Senate bill No. 177 proposes to create
the twenty-first Judicial district composed
of Wallowa county. According -to the. re
port of the county clerk oj Wallowa
county, now on file in office of secretary
of state, the follow. nsr judicial business
was transacted in Wailowa county:
Civil Jury trials 28
Kquity trials other than divorce cases... 7
Contest divorce cases - 4
To create such a dlrtrict is an Imposition
on the taxpayers cf the state. I venture
the assertion there lr not a Judicial dis
trict in the state of Oregon, excepting
Multnomah county, where there la too
much work for the Judge to handle.
Thus it appears that a circuit
judge for Wallowa county has one
jury trial every two weeks, or
trifle less, an equity case (other
than divorce) once every 'seven
weeks, and a divorce contest once
every thirteen weeks. If Wallowa
county paid the salary of a circuit
judge, it might well be agreed tha
what the county wants it should
have. But the state pays. It has
a direct concern in any plan to en
large the judicial establishment of
The circuit judge for Union coun
ty now sits in Wallowa county. We
have the testimony of the unnamed
judge that no circuit judge in Ore
gon, outside of Multnomah, has more
than he can do. Incidentally it may
be observed that a bill has been
introduced at Salem relieving the
Multnomah judges of the duty of
holding court on Saturday after
noons. We had not heard that they
make a uniform practice of work
ing in open court all day Saturday,
Yet of course a judge has much to
do besides presiding at trials.
- If there is a good reason for creat
ing a new judgeship for Wallowa the
legislative delegation from Union
and Wallowa knows what it is. The
Oregonian doesn't know. It is will
ing to be enlightened.
Neither of the two principal pieces
of hew legislation that are before
congress has any chance of becom
ing law, for there is a time limit to
the session and there is no limit
to senators' capacity to talk. They
insist on their right to make
speeches, and nobody can stop ttrem
except themselves and the elock,
when its hands point to noon on
March 4.
The only effects of the emergency
tariff and Immigration suspension
bills are to raise hopes among the
farmers that cannot be satisfied,' to
raise fears among would-be immi
grants that are causeless and to
prevent proper consideration of ap
propriations. During the next four
weeks we may expect to see hun
dreds of millions voted in indecent
haste and jokers slipped in unob
served, to give the lame ducks their
last chance.
If congress were to abandon all
controverted bills, adopt the Mc
Arthur plan to abolish short sessions
of a bold-over congress, pass the
appropriations and go home, it
would do a good three months'
into the gold reserve to the extent
of about $35,000,000. Lifting of the
embargo, permitted exports of $675,.
887,000 from June, 1919, to Janu
ary 1, 1921, further reducing tho
reserve. Though we still have more
than enough gold to secure our cur
rency, continued exports and con
tinued decrease in production and
increase in consumption may reduce
our gold reserve below the margin
of safety unless measures are taken
to protect it.
Production has fallen in this
country because it is no longer
profitable except in high - grade
mines. The mint holds gold at the
pre-war price of $20.67 an ounce,
though It cost's about $30 to pro
duce at a fairly representative mine.
Therefore' low-grade mines are
abandoned and only the richest ore
is taken from high-grade mines.
The result is that the United States' I
share of the world production has
fallen from 21.5 per cent in 1915 to
14.6 per cent in 1920. Between the
same years Britain, by giving aid to
gold miners, has increased the Brit
ish empire's share of tho world's
output from 63.7 to 73 per cent,
That increase in the British stock of
gold has helped materially to sus
tain the. rate of exchange between
the pound sterling and the dollar,
which is nearer normal than the
money of any other nation.
Increase of the American output
of gold to its former proportions is
needed to preserve the basis of our
currency. It is proposed to accom
plish this purpose by imposing an
excise tax of $10 on each ounce of
gold contained on all articles made
of that metal in this country. This
tax would compel purchasers of such
articles to pay the cost of produc
tion, and would be distinctly a lux
ury tax. The fund thus raised would
be used in paying a premium of $10
an ounce on all new gold delivered
at the mint. As cost of production
fell, both tho tax and the premium
would be reduced. This course is
justified by the fact that gold is an
essential commodity. As the volume
o( business done in this country
swells, the amount of paper cur
rency must grow in proportion and
the stock of gold by which it is
secured must also grow.
The Listening Post.
Chinese 'Wiles Beat Pawnbroker,
Income Tax Worries.
Those Who Come and Go.
Opposition is voiced by the sup
erintendent of the Boston publia
schools to the teaching of fire pre.
vention in the public schools. The
reason on which he bases his pro
test, which is that "the educational
curriculum in the public schools is
being placed in jeopardy by com
pulsory courses which are constantly
being added as the result of over
enthusiasm of men and women In.
terested in hobbies," is not without
plausibility, but it leaves unconsid
ered the question whether certain
forms of instruction in addition to
the traditional three R's are not de
sirable in the education scheme.
It is of course the purpose of
schooling to equip the individual bet
ter for life. Fundamentally this
includes training in the means of
gaining a livelihood, which is a
prime requisite of happiness, and it
also embraces teaching the pupil his
relations toward others, with whom
in actual life he will be required
to associate, and whose rights as
well as his own he will be called on
to respect. It is a function of educa
tion to curb the instinct of destruc
tion and to promote civilization by
teaching co-operation. No com
munity in which each individual
lived for himself alone, or held the
safety and the property of others in
disregard, could hope to advance.
It has come about because of this
that certain phases of the curricu
lum not thought of by the pioneers
of education have been added
Among these are training in citizen
ship, in public hygiene, in thrift.
first aid and safety first." Un
doubtedly in some schools fads have
been introduced which have not
justified themselves. The latter do
not. however, vitiate the broader
The subject of fire prevention
runs deeper than the statistics show,
though the figures are eloquent
enough. Part of the task of earn
ing a living, as it concerns society as
a whole, consists in ability to make
legitimate use of the product of toil.
Waste is not much better in the end
than its equivalent in non-production,
and preventable destruction is
as non-social as economic -slacker-ism.
The youth who cares nothing
as to where a lighted match falls,
so long as it has served its purpose
for him, or who lightsomely tosses
his cigarette stub into a pile, of. waste
There will be perhaps no harm in
holding a congressional hearing or
two to determine, whether there was
scandal in connection with failure
to apprehend the slacker, Grover
Bergdoll, but the chief purpose of
such hearings will be to ascertain
the- culpability, if any, of American
officials. Bergdoll meanwhile is
suffering punishment which, though
tempered by possession of consider
able funds, Biay yet cause the young
man to wish that he had served cut
his prison sentence in America.
Traitors and Blackers never'have
stood well in the opinion even of
the favored of their-treachery. Bene
diet Arnold, our most historic trai
tor, discovered this to his sorrow,
and Arnold was a traitor only, who
did not add slackerism to his crimes
But not even his unquestioned per
sonal bravery served to win him a
place in the good graces of his
adopted countrymen. He was either
neglected or abused by the British
public, scorned by the army when
he sought to obtain a commission
and despised by everyone. The
melancholy circumstances of his
closing years were a lesson to all
Something like the fate of Arnold
waits for Bergdoll, unless he shall
some day decide to accept the lesser
prison sentence, or unless (which
seems not impossible) Germany,
which has not yet made peace with
the United States, shall be required
to surrender him. In any event, a
life sentence of expatriation, with
due allowance for the pachyder
matous quality of the Bergdoll hide,
is no mean punishment. A good
many absconders have testified to
this in the past, and some have sur
renderee rather than continue as
perpetual exiles from home.
Attention has been so centered on
deflation of paper currency by the
depreciation of that cf Europe that
too little thought has been given to
the other side of 'he story, which
relates to the supply of gold. Value
of paper currency is governed by
the need of its use as the represen
tative of goods produced and in
process of distribution, but it has a
particular relation to the quantity
of gold available for its redemption.
In Europe money has depreciated
because governments have sus
pended specie payment and have so
little gold in proportion to their
issue of paper that they could not
possibly redeem in gold all that
might be presented for redemption.
That fact, as well as the enormous
volume of paper out of all propor
tion to the amount of goods pro
duced, has caused depreciation.
The American dollar has not de
preciated, except as reflected by the
world-wide rise in prices irrespec
tive of other causes, and has become
the measure of value for the money
of all nations. This is so because
our gold reserve has grown, as well
as the volume of currency that it
secures. But additions to the re
serve have come from imports, not
from new production, and the causes
of imports are disappearing as the
balance of trade is readjusted so as
to be less in our favor.
The cold fact is that American
manufactures and the arts are eat
ing up gold faster than it is pro
duced in this country. Production
in the United States in 191C was
4,479,057 ounces and consumption
was 2,470,085 ounces, leaving a bal
ance to the good, but in 191$ pro
duction decreased about 25 per
cent, while consumption increased
slightly." In 1919 production de
creased and consumption increased
so much that the latter showed an
excess of almost three-quarters of a
million ounces and in 1920 the fig
ures stood: froaucuon z.aao.otv,
consumption 3,400,000 ounces. The
outburst of extravagance which fol-
owed the war consumed all the gold
The plaint of a publisher that in
the entire country there are only
about 200,000 "persistent and regu
lar bookbuyers," as he terms them,
does not seem to be a serious indict
ment of the public, even when it is
pointed out that these represent only
a mere fraction one-fifth of 1 per
cent of the whole population. The
test, if books are conceded to be
necessary to enlightenment, is the
number of book readers. There is
obviously no advantage, except to
those immediately concerned with
the book-making industry, in the
sale of more books' than can be read
It can be assumed that a persis
tent and regular bookbuyer from i
publisher's viewpoint will need to be
a person of both leisure and means,
especially the, former if he reads all
the books he buys. There prob
ably are more who have the means
to buy books than there are who have
time to read persistently and regu
larly. There is a good deal to be
said In behalf of a people who are
too busy to consume everything that
publishers put out.
Meanwhile the book goes farther
than it did a few years ago. Growth
of public and semi-public circulating
libraries within two decades has
been amazing. Demand for serious
literature is rather well met by these
agencies. Books in this way now
reach the uttermost fastnesses of the
rural districts where recently people
had little or no opportunity to ob
tain them at all. The statisticians of
the American Library association
have nothing gloomy to report. It is
true that many persons do not read.
but more are reading than ever be
fore. And a good many who do not
buy persistently and regularly are
buyers of about as many, in addition
to those they otherwise obtain, as
they are able to read and digest.
Something will be gained if pub
Ushers are compelled by the turn of
events to develop new economies in
book production. Present prices of
worth-while books do not invite pur
chase by the possessors)f only mod.
erate incomes. Economists tell us
that every predicted crisis is fore
stalled by some unexpected develop
ment. We are now waiting for some
Ingenious and enterprising publisher
to discover a way by which gooa
books can be printed and bound at
a price measurably within the reacn
of the proletariat.
CHOCK-CHEE was the
valued possession of many of th
old-time Chinese in America for with
out it they are liable to deportatio
A chock-chee is their evidence
lawful landing before the exclusion
law was put in force. Nowadays man
or trie Chinese are of the newe
generation, American-born, and there
fore citizens. Smuggling of orientals
into the United States was, and eve
yet is, a lucrative practice, but th
celestial-born yellow man has a hard
time of it if caught without the
proper credentials, for ha is im
mediately deported.
Dan Marx 'has possibly he most
interesting collection of chock-chees
in Portland and at the same time th
most costly. Marx took them in an
was taken in at the same time
the practice of his business as
pawnbroker. A chock-chee, valued as
highly as it is and absolutely neccs
sary to the welfare of a Chinese, wa
manifestly good security for a loan
and many of the Chinese pledge
theirs when they wanted to rais
money to outfit themselves for the
canneries or to get the necessary
funds for fan-tan, chuck-a-luck
lottery. Labor contractors in the old
days used to take the chock-chee
up in order to keep tho men on th
job, but the wily Asiatic generally
manages to slip one over, and the
cfd on Dan Marx.
Of course when a Chinese wante
to go home he did not need his per
mit any longer, and if he could no
sell it to some other friend wht
needed one he went to Marx
pawned it and then went to China.
That is how the local broker had hi
collection wished on him, for which
ha is yetTioIding the sack while. Job
Chinaman spends hia easily gotte
gains in the land of temples, gongs
and tea.
"Bend is a famous little town and
a wonderful place in which to live,'
said J. II. Haner, county clerk of
most 1 Deshutes county, yesterday at the
Perkins. "It's one of the few towns
in the world where a man will take
off his shirt and give it to his enemy
just for the public good." Mr. Haner
knows whereof he speaks, for he first
went to Bend 20 years ago "when
there was no town there at all. Bend
was built on a shoestring. Its the en
ergy of the people there that has
made Bend what it is today. Twenty
years ago when I went there the lr
rlgation project was just beginning.
It wasn t until 1906 that the town
really began. Soon there were about
500 residents. Then in 1015, when
the mills started, the town really
began to grow, until the population
was numbered in thousands rather
than in hundreds. The mills w'll
open up about, March 15, and then
things will be more lively." Mr.
Haner came to Oregon from Minne
sota. He is in Portland with his
nieces, who are on thoir way home
to Charleston, S. C.
John Burroughs' Nature
More Truth Than Poetry
17 Jamra J. Montague,
A Washington legislator, debating
a measure to spread Americanization
work among adult aliens, quoted fig
ures to show that of twenty-two uni
versity of Washington instructors,
fourteen voted for Christensen, four
for Debs, two for Harding and two
for Cox. It might have been worse.
Suppose the fourteen had voted for
If Americans were paying ninety
cents of every dollar they earn into
an indemnity fund for German mas
ters and they would if things had
gone the other way they would
wonder why those whom Mr. Dawes
defends did not spend even more,
and regardless of cost
A girl of 16, missing since Satur
day, has been arrested at n,ugene.
on the way to California with two
youths of like age, hoboing it, and
says she is going there to marry
one of the boys. What's the use?
Glenn Henderson, who rakes in the
Income tax at the customs house, is
likely the most unpopular man in the
city about this time each year and
few contented depositors step up to
the wicket and hand over to Unci
Sam his share of their earnings. His
latest problem is newlyweds, worry
ing how they shall figure their In
come tax. The bridegroom is prone
to consider himself lucky in his ex
cmption of $2000 that comes with
his better half, but how sad Is the
tale told by Henderson when their
returns are filed.
Did the wife work prior to the
marriage? Then her income muBt be
included in the report, no matter if
she spent all her income on her
trousseau or he spent all of his wages
on candy, flowers and a honeymoon
However, .they are entitled to the
full exemption even if they were
married only in December and do not
have to lop off for the other 11
Floating labor presents a difficult
tangle for the revenue agents and
they admit that they are practically
helpless in collecting from this class
of -men. Mechanics are said to be
the main offenders, taking care that
they do not earn enough on any one job
to place them on . the firm's reports
end then flitting on. In this way,
by changing their location several
times a xear, they make a substantial
e -.---- -
Overheard in Judge Stapleton's
court Wednesday when 22 divorces
uere granted. Two women, elaborately
gowned, hatted, made-up, etc., in con
versation, one the wronged wife seek
Irg justice, the other evidently her
bosom friend, confidant and star
"But you re- happier since you re
divorced, aincha?"
Yes, I guesso, but I'm worried
about George." Business of rapid
gum chewing.
Aincha getting your alimony
'Yes, but he's chasing around
Whaddya care, hes got his own
path to travel now."
Oh. I know only I wish he wouldn't
travel around with that blonde. It's
a reflection on me, doncha see? She's
terribly dowdy and it looks as though
well as if I had educated him to
that standard. Don't it?"
Introducing the meanest Portland
husband. He lives in an apartment
building and is inoculated with a
petty saving bug. Each morning the
janitor sends up a clean garbage
can on the lift and buzzes for the
fijled one. Hubby, none too good
humored at this time of day, scrambles
from his warm bed, goes to the
kitchen and gives the refuse a
thorough Inspection before trusting
it to the tender mercies of the col
lector. 'It is authoritavely stated
that several times he has salvaged
bits of food or other stuff and when
this occurs has not stinted his scold
ing of his better half for what he
thinks waste. Tears are not unknown
la this family, all over a little
More facilities should be provided
by the good roads commissions of
California for hauling automobiles
out of tho snow, say Mr. and Mrs
T. M. Hart of San Francisco, who
arrived at tho Multnomah yesterday
with a party of friends. They started
on a trip by motor to Portland on
January 10. Everything went well
until the party reached the northern
end of the California highway. Snow
was encountered at t-'isson. and after
a number of unsuccessful Rttempts
to get through it was decided that
tho motor trip must be abandoned.
Mr. Hart later discovered thut they
were only three miles from help, for
the state of Oregon provides teams
of horses to assist motorists in such
Wide interest in plans for the cele
bration of prune week is being
shown throughout the state, accord
ing to George De Witt, prune grower
of Salem, who was in Portland yesterday.-
Mr. De Witt said that it was
gratifying to see the way in whicb
people of Oregon are getting behind
the movement to advertise the prune
industry, which is one of the largest
in the state. Prune week will begin
February 12, and will be nationally
advertised, bringing fame not only
to the prune, but to Oregon as well.
W. G. Henderson, sheriff of Yam
hill county for many years, was In
Portland yesterday. He appeared be
fore the federal grand jury on a
postoffice robbery case at Ballston
in Polk county. Mr. Henderson has
lived at McMinnville for many years. :
His popularity is attested by the fact
that no matter whether the repub
licans or democrats were in the ma
jority, he was always elected sheriff.
Mr. Henderson has a son in this city
in the federal employ.
Conditions around Albany are
much better now than they were J
years ago when I first started my
farm there," said Ed Dorgan yester
day at the Oregon. "Of course, we
sort of have the blues right now on
account of the rain which has flooded
our fields, DUt as soon as ine ram
stops we'll be all right." Mr. Dor
gan has a rarm two miies um i
Albany, where he assists in making
Oregon products famous.
C. E. Dole, purchasing agent of the
Alaska engineering commission at
Seattle, is registered at the Mult
nomah. Mr. Dole has been with tne
(..imtnisinn since the beKinning of
operations in 1915 and has done all
tn nnrchaslne of materials and com
missary and equipment which have
been used in the construction ui m
Alaska railroad. Mr. Dole made a
nwl!il triD from Seattle to De on
hand to hear Frederick Wears speak
tit the commercial club.
One of the pioneer mint farmers in
Oregon is Don K. Hoster, who is at
he Oregon for a raw aays. wi.
er has a farm near Albany, where
e oversees the growing 01 tne i
from which the peppermint un id
pressed. He reports tnat nis uu.iiti
is very successful. Although he reg
ifr. frnm Chicaero. .Mr. Hoster's
chief interests at present are in this
Can Yoa Answer These Qoeatlonaf
1. What bird is a champion trav
eler? 2. Will skunk bite cause hydro
phobia? 3. Do birds refuse to nest in a
horse chestnut?
Answers in tomorrow's nature
Annnrri to Previous Queation.
1. What is Tuckahoe, or "Indian
In the southern states the
sometimes turns out of the
curious vegetable product
"Tuckahoe," or "Indian loaf.'
a brown, roundish mass, the
soil a
It is
size of
a cocoanut or larger, whltisn wiimii.
with a characteristic odor, and it is
said Jjy he useful in certain diseases.
It is not a fungus, like the truffle,
nor a normal vegetable product, hut
is probably the result of degeneration
la the roots of some plant.
2. Are birds' tails of any use?
A bird's tail serves as a rudder
when it flies, helping to shape its
path through the air. The tail is
useful in perching, acting as a bal
ance; or in cases where birds like
the woodpeckers cling to a tree trunk
while feeding, the tall supplies as a
prop. A deal of emotion also finds
expression in the tail motions, as it
does wilh various animals. The shape
of a ta-il is also frequently a help in
identifying birds.
3. What small creatures make their
homes underneath field stones?
How the crickets and ants and bee
ties rtish about when we uncover
them in pryincr up a boulder! They
no doubt looked upon the stone that
sheltered them as an old institution
that we had no right to - remove.
Sometimes a flat stone would prove
the roof of a mouse nest a blinking,
bead-eyed, meadow mouse. What
consternation would seize him, too.
as he would rush off along the little
round beaten ways under the dry
grass and weeds!
half a dims would
J. B. Hoffmann of Seattle is a lover
of the west. He believes in doosiirb
western products, in which category
Includes anything maae u mo -
cific coast. Mr. Hoirmann spenus 111
leisure time at his country home on
Lake-Washington, where he keeps a
f..nn,.. trnln of blooded cdllie dogs.
He is registered at the Portland.
"Business conditions are very satis
factory on the Racine coast, uc
elured E. E. Gallagher of San Fran-
Cisco yesterday at the Benson. "Busi-
ess is much better on tne coast
n the east, and I find that Portland
T,.orehnnts are buying rainy wen.
Mr. Gallagher predicts that there will
no drop in prices lor tne spring
Beaverton. Is going after location
of the 1925 exposition with sleeves
rolled up and a set in her jaw.
Really, Beaverton ought to be a
precinct of Portland and not a
A surgeon at The Dalles is con
tracting for a hundred healthy young
buck goats. There'll be something
doing at the head of navigation by
and by.
Toung womanhood that wears
wrist bottles and checks corsets is
not typical of the best. Do their
mothers know their route?
Investment of $150,000 in a five-
story garage shows faith in-vPortland
as well as in the automobile.
The public debt increased $11,-
000,000 last month, but' that is a
trifle In a "going concern."
The main point In some proposed
legislation is the paragraph "fixing
the salary at $3000."
As the groundhog In Oregon is
equipped with a raincoat, tradition
produced ia 1919 and 1920 and ate does pot count,
Northern California may boast the
choicest redwood for furniture and
kindred uses but Portland can go her
one better. They are using redwood
here for fuel, according to Professor
Frank Harrigan of Washington high
school. The Sequoia Gigantia, one
of the greatest trees of the world,
while native of California, thrives all
along the coast, and Portland has a
cumber that have been planted here
for shade.
Workmen last week found it a
difficult task to fell a row of large
shade trees at East Twelfth and Mor
rison streets. They noticed that the
trees had a glowing heart, that the
wood was very hard, but handled the
young giants of the forest as ordi
nary cordwood. Some of the trees
towered 75 feet or more in height
and they were just children, for the
monsters of the south are found to be
several centuries old.
Holding hands as a means of show
ing affection by tender pressure has
been known for ages, but a local
chiropodist is alleged to have been
placed in a rather embarrasing posi
tion through his habit of feelingly
caressing one of his woman customer's
feet while she was having her pet
corn dressed. In his ensuing ex
planation to the irate husband, as
renortea oy a Dystanaer, tne root
doctor is said to have pleaded that he
was carried away by his admiration
fcr the beautiful ankles and perfectly
formed toes of his patient, to say
nothing of the corn that must have
adorned one of them, IBS ECOUT,
Ronnr Don Fernando Dehmans of
antiago, Chile, nas leit r-oruanu
fter a visit of a few days with A. R.
Vejar, Spanish consul. Senor Dehmans
one of the leaders in eaucationai
ovements in Chile. He is superin
tendent of public instruction for tne
northern provinces.
Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Day of Seattle,
are at the Multnomah. Mr. Day is a
member of the board of survey, ap
praisal and sale of the United States
navy and is here to uispose 01 var
ious materials for the navy. They
will leave Portland tonight.
C. A. Doty of Chehalis. lumberman
is registered at the Imperial. Mr.
Doty started 25 or 30 years ago in
the fishing business at Kalama. He
bought and sold fish and was an
agent for various canneries and then
turned to lumbering.
Mr. and Mrs. D. C. Macomber and
Mr. and Mrs. Morrison of Kendallville.
Ind., are at the Multnomah for a few
days. Kendallville is known as tne
home of the McCrea refrigerators.
Mr. Macomber is one of the leading
business men of the city.
A group of stockmen at the Perkins
are C. C. Shelton of Hay creek, E. W.
Waddell of Wampa, and'W. S. Brown
of Billings,, Mont. Mrs. Brown ac
companied her husband to Portland.
William Pollman of Baker, banker
and stockraiser, is interested in
everything that makes for the good
of the county in which he lives. Mr.
Pollman is at the Imperial.
J. L. Carman of Tacoma, of the Car
man Furniture Manufacturing com
pany of Tacoma and Portland, is at
the Portland for a few days. Mrs.
Carman is with him.
Mrs. C. Knipfel of Myrtle creek
has brought her children to Portland
to provide for their spring wardrobes.
They are registered at the Perkins.
Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Hedden of
Bismark, N. D., are at the Portland
for a visit. Mr. Hedden is a large
wheat operator in North Dakota.
Egg-Layers, Younc-Sn-alloirers and
Joint Snakes Seen in Kansas.
BROWNSVILLE, Or., Feb. 2. (To
the Editor.) I note in The Oregonian
that the annual discussion of snakes
has returned again.
Snakes do lay eggs and allow their
young to hide within them when the
danger signal is given by opening
their mouths while extended straight
on the ground, tne young running
Into the mother snake. As a boy 1
had the privilege of witnessing the
feat on several occasions and, to sat
isfy my curiosity, I killed the mother
snake and cut the young out, a live,
wriggling mass in a ball-like shape,
near the middle of the mother snake.
As a boy I have rlowed up in the
spring of the year probably altogeth
er more than a bushel of snake eggs
in all stages of incubation, from fresh
snake eggs to the point where it
seemed that the young were ready to
emerge from the shell, which con
sisted of a tough white skin similar
to what is called a soft-shelled hen
egg, only the skin was whiter and
tougher and they were about the size
of a robin's egg. These eggs would
be found in the ground near the sunny
side of brushy timber land, and pre
sumably were hatched by the warm
sun rays of the spring of the year,
as are crocodile eggs laid in the sands
of the rivers in the equatorial zones.
We considered snakes a nuisance, as
they were so numerous, and always
destroyed them and their eggs. This
was in Leavenworth county, Kansas,
near Tonganoxie, and any of the old
timo farmers of 40 or 0 years ago
whose location was favorable can tes
tify to the fact. Also the eastern
naturalists in favored localities would
certainly be aware of the snake's
When I was 7 years old my mother,
a war widow, moved from New York
state to Kansas. Af that time we
found what was locally called the
joint snake plentiful, though I be
lieve it has since become extinct
there. This harmless snake wbb
Jointed and when struck a sharp blow
across its body woitii break in two
the head and neck could be broken
into one piece, the tail piece into an
other and there were usually two or
three middle pieces. The head and
neck piece could not move, except
that It could use its eyes and tongue
and the tail would constantly wrig
gle. It was said that, if left alone,
it would rejoint itself and run away,
a story probably originating with the
superstitious negro who feared the
devil, a dog and a snake more than
anything else. As a boy of 9 and 10
years I experimented with it to see
If it would actually rejoint itself and
move away. I would return to my
kill to see, but found that the parts
would finally all die invariably and
that it possessed no such powers.
Probably the reason so many on
this coast are so skeptical is because
ultable field for incubating snake
eggs in our climate Is rare and not
easily found. The mother snake would
certainly hunt such a place before
depositing her eggs.
Time was when
A glass of beer, or ale or porter;
And two martinis, sweet or dry.
Were vended lor a single quarter.
In tlioso days when one bought a
So very trifling were the prices,
I' did not bring him to the brink
Of a profound financial crisis.
And yet, when one essayed to spend
A bagatelle for a libntiun
With which to cheer some casual
He never lacked appreciation.
Today one prowls secluded streets
Where night is thick and cups are
And there by prcurrnniiement metis
-V dealer in uriUiwlul ijniur.
lie pays this guy a wad of pelf,
And hastens homeward lo 1 posit
The l ollle on Ihu topmost shelf
Of some remote ami secret closet.
So that, sunu't imcs. of winter nilits
When 'round the hearth stono
friends are sealed,
Tho old but u u fori: oil en rites
Can, in a measure, be l't-pculcd.
And do the friends como in? They do!
Tliey drink witli neither slnii nor
What care tliey if the booties brew
Cot nearly half one's earthly
With quip and jcFt tlioy pour it down.
They wax jocose, and free and
As if tiie cheapest stuff In town
Was this illicit, precious uhisliy.
Yet une can not cut friendsnip shor
Or simple, thout,tulLi3 pleasure
Cine has to jrrin and be a sport
And and buy anoilur buttlo.
Too Many of 'Km.
Since congress has cul the seed
appropriation I lie only free sccil to
bo distributed this year are the tcciis
of discontent.
Aiot Sufficient.
A way has been found to prevent
the issue of forced whisky presci'ip
tiond, but that docs not slop the sale
of bogus boose that was used to till
, Cruel and I'nusaal. v
The warden of Sing Sing has barred
silk shirts and socks among the in
mates. The man seems to be trying
to make the place actually unpopular.
(Copyright liy tho 11. -II Hyiuliralfi, Inc.)
To a Spicier.
ny brace 1-1. Hall.
Lace-maker, weaving in the sun.
His misty threads has slowly spun
Among the boutrhs;
Xow patiently with careful eye
Ho measures 'gainst the leaning sky.
And silver lengths allows.
From patterns cast by clustered
The tireless worker deftly weaves,
With subtle skill and fine;
Then in his lace-work hammock
Throughout the hazy golden days.
ltocked by the trembling vine.
O spinner of the silver string.
We pause and of your mugic sing
Strange artist rare!
We may not learn where you were
We can but vision what you've
And call It wondrous fair.
Questions Ont of Reason.
. PORTLAND, Feb. 2. (To the Edi
tor.) 1. Explain the significance of
the following: "Big stick," nullifica
tion, "reds," "radicals," progressive
republican, bolshevik, anarchist, free
2. Give some of the popular argu
ments for and against America's en
trance into the league of nations.
3. What Is the position of the two
major political parties on two im
portant problems facing the Ameri
can people at the present time?
You should be able to get the In
formation you ask by spending some
time In research In the reference de
partment of the public library. You
are asking Information that would
fiy several columns of space In The
Oregonian if given fully.
In Other Days.
Twenty-five Yenrs Acs.
Fiom The Orciiontan of February 4,
Indianapolis, Ind. Benjamin Harri
son, ex-president, today said ho does
not wish to be nominated for the
presidency at the coining convention,
lie stated that since leaving tha
White House he has had no desire, to
Some splendid chinook salmon were
in the market yesterday, and it is
piobabie there will be a plentiful
supply the entire month.
Assistant Postmaster Hughe soon
will turn over his office to W. ti.
Municipal Judce Smith announced
yesterday that his court will convene
at 2 P. M. instead of U" :30 o'clock,
as has been the custom for many
Bfo Twentieth Amendment.
SHAW, Or., Feb. 2. (To the Edi
tor.) Would like to know if there is
a 20th amendment to the constitu
tion? If so, will you please give it?
There la PQ 20th amendment.
Root SInggota In Hot Bed.
FOSSIL, Or., Jan. 26. -(To the Edi
tor.) What can I do to rid my hot
bed of insects that eat the seeds I
plant? I am troubled especially by a
minute white bug or worm. The seeds
such as radish will be completely de
voured by them.
The "insect" you describe Is root
maggot. It very probably has not
survived the winter in the bed and
if fresh fertilizer containing its eggs
is not put in you may not be troubled
this spring. Keep the bed well cov
ered with glass in cold weather and
fine netting in warm to prevent the
parent insect getting in to lay eggs
Preparations may be applied to kill
the grubs after the seeds are up.
Insurance for Man cf 60.
PORTLAND, Feb. 2. (To the Edi
tor.) Please advise if there are any
insurance companies that will sell in
surance (either life or sick and acci
dent) to a person over 60 years of
The majority of insurance compa
nies, will sell insurance to applicants
up to the age of 65, provided such
applicants can pass the physical ex
amination. A few have 60 as the
So JlnUt.
Consistent Effort Jlude (o Jreore
Uuulifled Jurors.
PORTLAND, Feb. 3. (To the Edi
tor.) In The Oregonian today Is an
editorial on the subject of "Intelli
gent Juries." in view of the fact
that it might be inferred that the
jury in the recent Lotisso case was
selected in contravention of tho law,
I desire, to stale that the triul Judge
followed the Armstrong case in a
number of instances where Jurors
stated that they formed an opinion
derived from reading the newspapers;
nevertheless, such opinion would not
militate against their acting as fair
and impartial Jurors.
A number of Jurors were excused.
but a trial judge is obliged, in the
exercise of his discretion, to excuse
many who, from their makeup and
statements, in response to questions
tending to qualify, show that they
will not- make proper Jurors.
In Justice to the trial Judge I desire
to correct this impression which.
m'ght be derived from the reading
of this editorial. In my opinion it
was the earnest effort of the trial
Judge in the Lotisso case to get men
who were, by reason of Intelligence
and experience, best qualified to ad"
minister justice in the case.
District Attorney.
The Oregonian Is quite ready to
acquit Judge Tucker of any responsi
bility for the Lotisso fiasco. It has
complete confidence both in his seal
for the administration of Justice and
In his knowledge of the law. The
Oregonian has been finding fault
with a system, not with a judge, is,
this instance.
Terbal Lease Good.
PORTLAND, Feb. 3. (To the Edi
tor.) Kindly advise whether a verbal
lease before two or more witnosses is
pood for one year. The agreement
was that the owner would not sell orj
change rent for one year.
G. M. F.
A verbal lease for one year Is ev
forcible at law against the lessor and
also against any party purchasing the
land during the year with notice of
the lease. If a renter Is in possession
of the land at the time of sale, that Is
constructive notice to the purchaser.
School Janitors and Income Tax.
POWERS, Or., Ftb. 1. (To the Edi
tor.) I am employed as Janitor in
the public sehool of Powers, Or. I
have been given the information that
anyone holding a position of this
kind is exempt from paying income
tax. Kindly advise me if this la cor
As It comes from a political sub
division of tho state tho pay you re
ceive from the school district La ex
ainpt from Income taXs