Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 28, 1921, Page 8, Image 8

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THE MORNING OREGOXIAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 28, 1921
it (Il0minjj(9rmttnn
j. ; ESTABLISHED BV HENRY I- PITTOCK.
; Published by The Ores-onlan Publishing Co..
;- ; 135 Sixth Street, Portland. Oregon.
J ; C A. MORDBN. E- B. PIPER,
Manager. bditor.
The Orwoilin ia a member of the Asso-
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' the local newa published herein. All rights
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w are also reserved.
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and consumption. If they keep these
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restrictions on their exercise.
UrBOVEJICT OF THE PORT.
.. . All serious occasion for contro-
. ; Versy over the Port of Portland bills
- - should be considered removed by the
amendment to the emergency bond
Issue bill and by the pledge given by
: . the port commission to the north
" , Portland interests. The bond issue
is to be increased from 11,000,000
; to Jl, 250.000 and the additional
: : $250,000 is to be expended on itn-
T provement of north Portland as soon
as a plan has been approved by the
government engineers and the war
department, consistently with main
tenance of the main channel in the
Columbia and Willamette rivers.
Actual work would be started before
' the end of 1921 and would be con
tinned to completion
There has never been real cause
for controversy about 'the north
Portland channel. The former port
commission was pledged to it, and
the present' commission agreed to
stand by tBat pledge. The only real
difference of opinion has been as to
the time and manner of fulfilling
it. The work done by the former
commission and its sequel proved
that a dredged channel without
means to control the flow of water
would shoal every year and would
bo a source of heavy annual expense
to maintain. Wingdams are proposed
to prevent shoaling, but it is doubtful
whether these would be effective.
; The alternative is to close the upper
end of the slough and dredge the
channel, thus avoiding the annual
: cost of dredging anew or of main-
; taining depth. That is an engineer
lng problem which the engineers of
the port and of the north Portland
interests must submit to the govern
ment engineers for solution. They
will also have to consider the effect
of either form of. improvement on
the main channel of the Columbia
at Vancouver. By the time the war
department gives authority to go
ahead, the river will probably be
too high to permit dredging and
when it falls all equipment will be
r.eeded in the main channel, but be
fore the end of 1921 all preliminar
ies could be completed and opera
tions could actually begin. With a
definite assurance to this effect, all
the north Portland interests could
safely prepare to make use of the
deep channel and to extend their
export business.
Objection has been raised to that
provision of one bill which permits
the port commission to acquire land
needed for channel improvement
without a popular vote, on the
ground that it would permit pur
chase of Swan island. While that
Is true as to the future, the people
of the port district by their affirma
tive vote last November have already
approved the purchase. There is ur
gent need of a better channel to
the upper harbor, where seven
eighths of the ocean tonnage of the
port originates. That channel can
not be obtained without removal of
half of Swan island and use of the
other half to deposit the spoils of
fJredging. That fact remains whether
ma east nan ia removea to improve
the east channel or the west half to
improve the west channel, though
it is undeniable that the west chan
nel is to be preferred as being
straight and giving a clear view up
and down the river, while the east
channel is crooked. Thus acquis!
tion of the island is necessary to im
mediately necessary port improve
ment, even if both channels should
be kept open and if no other land
should be acquired for further im
provement. The people of the port
have clearly expressed their opinion
in favor of improving the channel.
to which purchase of the island is
essential, and another popular vote
t unnecessary.
The people of Portland, indeed of
all Oregon, need to keep their minds
on questions of policy and principle
in considering port development.
They should not permit themselves
to be turned aside to discussion of
engineering problems or of. the ef
fect on any particular interest. They
are agreed , that the heavy expend!
ture that they have already made on
channel, harbor and docks is amply
Justified by the commerce and in
dustries that it has brought to the
port. Further expenditure in accord
ance with a well considered plan
would surely be justified by further
increase in commerce and manu
factures. The immediate need is a
better channel to the upper harbor.
wnicn produces seven-eights of our
shipping business. We can leave
other projects of larger scope to the
future after the people have been
' given the right to vote on them as
they come up and to provide means
to carry them out.
If the legislature will look at the
matter from this viewpoint, it will
surely give the Port of Portland com
mission and the people of the port
district the .powers provided in the
six bills supported by the great ma
jority of the Multnomah delegation.
This is not a purely local question.
The Port of Portland Is a public
utility which serves almost the whole
of Oregon. Its people- desire au
thority to tax themselves in order
that they may benefit themselves by
serving the commerce of the state.
Unless they should render this serv
ice, the profit to them would be
slight. A better harbor, more docks
and a better channel to them would
broaden the markets overseas for
Oregon products and would swell
the supply of foreign
PORTLAND AS A FIGHT CENTER.
The gentlemen of. the Portland
boxing commission who, it is said,
are arranging to have Mr. Jack
Dempsey defend here his title as
pugilistic heavyweight champion of
the world, and have already tenta
tively chosen the site of the contest
at the exposition building of the Pa
cific International Livestock associa
tion will find that section 3885,
Oregon laws (Olson's code) has a
particular interest for them. They
might, besides, study with profit an
other interesting and pertinent sec
tion (2093) which prescribes certain
severe penalties for "any person or
persons arranging- or attempting to
arrange," etc., etc., a prize fight
within the state of Oregon.
If it be urged that it is not a
prize fight, but a perfectly genteel J
ana harmless contest under the law
defining boxing competitions, let
them return to section 3885, where
they will find that such an affair
without the jurisdiction of the box
ing commission Is bluntly defined as
a prize fight.
If all this is not sufficient, it may
be well for the promoters of the
match for the championship of the
world what championship? td
note that the Episcopal diocese of
Oregon is already a good deal
wrought up over the coming event,
and is passing indignant resolutions.
Our surmise is that there will be
others tvho will insist on being
heard and heeded by the governor,
perhaps.
There-are respectable, responsible.
and considerable elements of this
particular community and of the
state who have been tolerant of the
plan for holding "boxing competi
tions" under the law and have not
Insisted that they are in reality prize
fights. But they are not anxious to
make Portland the pugilistic center
of the world, even for a day. They
may say little or . nothing about
Champion , Dempsey hippodromlng
a match here; but drawing to Port
land all the patrons of the ring in
the world to see a champion licked,
or lick some aspirant for his title,
is quite another matter.
both drivers and pedestrians, and it movement plenty of evidence that
is conceding nothing to the reckless the people are pulling together in
motorist to remind the public of the their efforts otherwise to make life
coroner's suggestion that jay walk- pleasanter. It appears that the bu
ers ought to have their heads exam- ,feau In the course of the year ac
ined. Too much publicity cannot be Quired and equipped a community
given to the dual obligation involved
if the number of automobile accl- '
dents is to be kept down.
IS IT UNDERSTOOD f '
patk and free automobile camp
ground, that it acted as host to vis
itors from distant places, and in
duced the county farm bureau mem
bers to hold their annual picnic on
t ha Irrrllinrlo A Afimmnnitn a i i m m a t
The interesting and significant fact Chautauoua wa, rnst-r Ors-an.
about the bill which has been passed izatlon of a bank was assisted. A
by the Oregon state senate in the I "farm name" scheme was launched.
supposed interest of drugless healers I Measuring and weighing of children
not already Included in the provi- was begun. A school of millinery
sions of laws trovernin practice of and dressmaking was organized un
osteopathy and chiropractic is its der competent direction. A poultry
sweeping endowment of the practl- culling demonstration was held early
tioners of an undetermined number I ,n autumn. Rodent control was prac-
ot healine cults with nower which tlced on a large scale.
heretofore, for the Dublin Rafntv. it It will bp seen that the programme
has been -thought wise to be chary I has had a Place for social as well as
about dispensing. I Industrial growth. Evidently the
The Listening Post.
Beggar's Wiles Yield Large Return
(or Noxious Clsar.
The so-called systems , embraced tolks down Alsea way are neighbors
under the act comprise those which
make use of "food, water, sugges
tion, heat, light, electricity, antisep
tics, exercises, vibration, massage
manipulation, mechanical and elec
trical instruments and appliances, or
other drug-less methods not regu
lated by the laws of Oregon at the
time this act becomes a law." As to
these, it is provided that those
as well as business partners, but in
a scheme as ambitious as theirs it is
Impossible to determine where social
neighborliness begins and business
partnership leaves off. There is, as
the professional sociologists Would
say, a great deal of "overlapping
here, a fact which we commend to
those inclined to moralize. Probably
it is indisputable that people who
WHAT THE WETS CAVE US.
When the home rule amendment
placed in the constitution in 1910 it
was offered to the voters frankly as
a counter proposition to state-wide
prohibition, which was also submit
ted in that year. It was supported
by the saloon interests, and by nu
merous well meaning citizens who
were doubtful that prohibition would
prohibit. It was distinctly one of
the phases of the wet and dry fight
and was not then assumed to de
clare a right other than the right
of an incorporated city to control
and regulate the liquor traffic within
its own borders.
The promise that home rule would
obtain submission by saloons to bet
ter regulation and their co-operation
in ridding themselves of partnership
in vice and participation in politics
was not kept Later the saloon was
wiped out by another constitutional
amendment and the purpose of the
home rule amendment was de
stroyed. .
There havs been efforts frequently
made to read some other purpose
into this provision of the constitu
tion. Some of them have been suc
cessful." Many of them have not.
Now this old anti-prohibition amend
ment fathered by the saloons is re
vived as enunciating a great and
lasting principle which would be
cruelly violated by the proposal that
taxation be supervised and regulated
ir Multnomah county by a commis
sion appointed by the governor from
among the citizens of Multnomah
county.
Home rule, it is now implied, con
sists in having eighty odd political
units in the county, each with an
unassailable, inalterable right to
levy up to the limit of its taxing
powers without regard to the needs
of any other unit. We must not in
terfere with these tax-levying, tax-
spending bodies because we would
thereby destroy the principle enun
elated in a boozy amendment put
over -on a gullible electorate when
the saloons were a power in the
community.
Home rule is a fine-sounding
term. Yet we don't have it. A pub.
lie service commission, for example,
composed of one member elected in
eastern Oregon, another elected at
large, and a third elected In western
Oregon regulates the service and
fixes the rates of public utilities in
the city of Portland. Another com
mission with offices at Salem fixes
the tax valuation on these same pub
lie utilities. Our port commission,
which levies local taxes, is appointed
by the legislature. The duties and
powers of our county commissioners
and of our school boards which levy
a part of the taxes sought to be
regulated are largely defined by a
legislature in which the county has
but a minority representation. Home
rule does not exist.
The proposed tax supervising com
mission would have power, it is true,
tc do things that no sane person
would think of doing. It might re
duce taxes so much that government
could not function. But no person
honestly believes that the commis
sion appointed by the present gover
nor or by any succeeding governor
would engage in a wrecking policy.
Power and authority may be grossly
abused by any number of present
public officials, but we must have
public officials with power and au
thority, or government cannot exist.
The proposed commission would
have the power to reduce budget
estimates of the various taxing units
of the county and power to eliminate
items. But it would have no author
ity to increase estimates or add
items. It is offered as a check on
extravagance, indifference and over
weaning ambition. Is it denied that
the check is needed?
who practice them shall "have are working together in the interest
the same legal standing as physi
cians licensed under any other
law of the state of Oregon," that
they are authorized to sign birth cer
tificates, death certificates, "and any
other certificate, report or paper re
quiring the signature of a licensed
physician," and that certificates ao
signed shall be accepted by public
officials as meeting all the require
ments of law.
The healing value of all the agen
cies enumerated, including sugges
tion, massage, diet and the rest of
them, is conceded by many. Un
doubtedly diet, exercise, light, heat
and electricity have their places in
the scheme of health. The question
whether knowledge of these, how
ever, in itself qualifies a citizen to
attest, for example, a certificate of
death, or to certify to the claims of
of a material prosperity, and who
are getting results, are all the more
likely to be good neighbors on that
account. And it is demonstrated In
Alsea by the numbers of residents of
both sexes who are at work on com
mittees of one kind and another that
a good way to invoke the co-opera
tion of a citizen is to give him some
thing to do and hold him account
able for it.
Who is there who doubts, in view
pf past performance, that a still
more ambitiou- programme for, 1921
will not go through with bells' on?
This year there is to be more general
seed-testing, berry acreage is to be
increased, purchase of more pure
bred swine will be encouraged, at
least six more silos are to be built,
1000 more pure-bred chickens are to
be introduced into the community,
patient under the compensation co-operative marketing of fruit and
act, is worth reflecting on. For after livestock is to be attempted. Ten
all the restrictions imDosed. as well I new "farm name" signs are to be
as the powers conferred, by existing I posted, and printing of farm station
laws on physicians, including osteo
paths and chiropractors, are pri
marlly intended to protect the public,
If the people as a matter of fact
want the bars of safety let down In
the manner indicated in the bill
they are entitled of course to have week.
their way. But it is worth while to logue,
inquire whether these provisions are I It is all exceedingly interesting
generally understood. If they are almost to the point of the romantic
not, they ought to be. The demands I because it -is a symbol of that
ery is to be encouraged. There is to
be created a testing circle of ten
families to try out new kitchen uten
sils. Child welfare education is to
be continued. There will be a com
munity clean-up day and a paint-up
Space - forbids a full cata-
of public health are superior to the
interests of any school of so-called
"therapy."
MORE GOVERNMENT IN BUSINESS.
The senate has passed the bill es-
which many another neighborhood
group, not only in Oregon, but else
where, can do by simply getting to
gether. No doubt there have been,
here and there, concessions of indi
vidual predilection in favor of union
of action, but this is as it should be
in friendship
such as the report of the Alsea farm
bureau connotes are always worth
while.
Portland's record In the matter of
fatal automobile accidents, as re
vealed by the report of., Coroner
Smith, is neither as bad as that of
Milwaukee, which had an increase
of 406.2 per cent in 1919 as com
pared with 1915, nor as good as that
of San Francisco, with only 38. S per
cent in the same period, but decrease
of total number of such accidents
from forty-two in 1919 to thirty-
eight in 1920 gives some encourage
ment, though it by no means equals
Portland's' record of twenty-one in
1918, only two years ago, when the
safety-first" campaign was newer
and people presumably had its les
sons on their minds. The price of
human life in the automobile age is
products I constant vigilance on the part of
tablishing a commission to regulate I, s 'Adventures
marKeung ana pacmng oi uvesiocn
while the people are still Impressed
with the high cost and low efficiency
o the government in business. That
is a principal cause of the high taxes
and high prices we pay. It is gen
erally agreed that we are suffering
from a surfeit of government, and
that the government functions badly
because it has been given too much
work, and work for -which it is not
qualified. But when some powerful
interest like the livestock industry
asks congress to make an exception
to the policy of taking the govern
ment out of business, the senate
votes to do it.
If a clear case had been made for
the bill, an exception might properly
have been made in its favor, but
Senator Kenyon, its original sponsor.
has admitted that the report of the
federal trade commission on the
packing industry is its basis. That
was the product of men who had set
out to make a case by seeking evi
dence to suit their purpose. Its facts
are erroneous and its conclusions are
colored, being in conflict with the
reports of the food administration.
Much of the work of investigation
was done by men of radical, revolu
tionary principles who were in open
sympathy with the bolshevist wreck
ers of Russia, and their office in Chi
cago was a center of red propaganda.
But the bill has come up lor final ac-
The report comes from Salem that
the north Portland interests have de
cided to urge the nomination of a
representative of their particular in
terests to the Port of Portland com
mission, and they have already se
lected their candidate in the parson
of Thomas J. Mahoney, and they
have tentatively decided that they
will displace H. A. Sargent. If it be
agreed that an official of a corpora
tion directly connected with the
Swift establishment, which has a
peculiar and special concern in a
particular plan pf harbor develop
ment, should be on the commission,
no objection can be made to Mr.
Mahoney. He is a useful and re
sponsible citizen. But no good rea
son has been offered to put off Mr.
Sargent. The record shows that he
is one of the most faithful, diligent
and effective members of the com
mission. He takes his duties seri
ously and he attends to them. A
better reason than that hfs place is
wanted for some one else should be
given.
Men and women of Scottish blood
meet tonight to'-honor the memory
of the poet and the land they cherish.
nri tim whpn thre It is proper they should. Suppose
Is a strong demand for relief of the
agricultural industries from the ef
fects of a sudden decline in prices
which has fallen most heavily on
that interest. The prospect seems to
be that the house will -pass it with
out proper inquiry as to the evils
that exist and the remedy that
should be applied.
The event will probably be that
producers of livestock will gain far
more relief from the legal proceed
ings now under way to release stock
yards, terminal railroads and refrig
erator-car service from cojitroi Dy
the packers, also from co-operative
organization to market their own
products and keep them In cold stor
age, than from the horde of agents
and inspectors that the law will turn
loose on the packing centers. The
evil is not private-control but con
centrated control in a few hands of
the whole business from the day
when cattle arrive at the stockyards
until a steak is sold by the retailer.
If each branch of the stockyards
were separated into units large
encgh for economy -but numerous
enough to secure competition, better
results would be obtained for both
producer and consumer than would
be -possible with the most thorough
system of government regulation.
a lot of us were in South America
yea, even in Germany or Japan
what do you think we would do on
Washington's birthday or the Fourth
of July?
COMMUNITY CO-OPERATION.
It will be gathered from a printed
greeting issued by the Alsea Farm
bureau that the ideal in community
co-operation has very nearly been at
tained in that thriving section of
Oregon. The reader will be duly im
pressed, for example, by the state
ment of Ray L. Jenkins, leader of
the organization project, that while
there are 114 farmers in the Alsea
community, there are 122 members
of the Farm bureau organization,
which is better than 100 per cent.
The . "goals accomplished during
920" are numerous, and include
agreement on the Jersey, as the com
munity breed of dairy cattle, impor
tation of a number -of registered
cows, leasing of a valuable sire, for
mation of a cow-testing association,
co-operation with the federal au
thorities In prevention of tuberculo
sis, and plans for ridding the district
of "boardercows."
The importance of 100 per cent
community co-operation in such
matters, for illustration, as selection
of a breed of dairy animals, will be
appreciated by practical farmers who
understand the steps by which herds
are made profitable and productive
and by which waste is - eliminated.
Tliere is, 'however, in the Alsea
There wile something doing in
New York when that carload of buy
ers for a Portland store gets off. It
would be great to see them in the
current events of the movies and
perhaps we shall. They will .pin
Portland on the map if any crowd
can.
There was no need of the action
of the mob in Mississippi that took
a negro murderer" into Arkansas and
burned him at a stake. No black ac
cused of murder or the usual crime
in that state or any other below the
lino will escape legal punishment.
MANY are the schemes of the men
dicant, and constant improve
ments are noted in the science of
separating the sympathetic public
from its loose cash. Here is the
latest reported operative whose plan
seems to deserve the cast-iron life
bufy.
He Is apparently a poverty-stricken
but clean-appearing Chinaman, speak
ing excellent English. With a foot
liberally swathed in bandages he
limps about, the city by the aid of
crutches. Carefully picking his prey
by some system that seldom fails to
yield results, he greets the man effu
sively as an old friend, refusing to
admit that they have not met at
some previous distant time.
"I'm out at the hospital now with
this foot," volunteers the oriental ex
pert at collecting, "and I am sure
glad to see you again. Wait a min
ute business of fumbling In his
clothes I've got a cigar here for
you." Hands out the rope and sel
dom fails to, get come sympathetic
reply.
"Oh, yes, it's pretty hard, especially
when a fellow is broke. By the way,"
as a ray of thought Illuminates his
face and he smiles engagingly at his
vls-a-vis, "I forgot to bring enough
money, with me for car fare today
Will you lendne enough to get back
to the hospital, or it will take me
nearly a day to hobble there?"
And the solicitious stranger, who
has been mistaken for the old friend
and who has pocketed the old friend's
cigar by this time, seldom fails to
deliver. The particular victim who
had the described encounter was
short of change and tried to get by
with a dime and was asked to make
it half a dollar, but compromised on
20 cents, and then after reaching hie
home anU lighting the gift cigar
could only stand the first two puffs
before consigning it to the garbage
can.
4
ravlowa may be the criterion in
ballet art, but if devotees of agile
dancing would like to see the per
sonification of grace mirrored, in the
agile bodies of several hundred Port
land girls let them go to the Mult
nomah club on a Saturday morning.
Of course, it is just a regular class
and not a public exhibition, and the
few that get the privilege of seeing
these embryo artists in action con-
ider themselves fortunate. Each
Saturday Professor Mauthe has nearly
300 of the girls under his charge
and they are raving beauties and a
revelation in activity and talent.
Ballet steps from all of the noted
schools are taught these classes who
are exceedingly adept at interpreta
ion. They have found that they hav
facial muscles, as well as muscles
distributed throughout tholr bodies,
nd at the caution, "Now you art
ancing to attract, smile;" the ex
pressions are wonaenui to Dcnoia.
Mirrored in their facile visages as
they co through the complicated
steps is their idea of attracting an
it is alluring. Then comes the cau
tion, "Vou're frightened," and they
are just scared to death. Then th
nutterable longing they can nut into
just one look. It seems to beBpeak
much training In front of a mirror
and bodes ill for any young fellow
who falls under their wiles. Through
It all the girls are just as natural a
they can be, getting real Joy out of
life.
Those Who Come and Go.
A hunter of big game is Judge J. W.
Knowles of La Grande, who was at
the Imperial yesterday after a visit to
the legislature. He delights in hunt
ing deer and bear, and his trials and
successes are enjoyed not only by
his friends, but by the public as well.
For the judge, after one of his big
hunts, sometimes writes a "piece" for
the paper telling of his good time out
of doors. "This year 1 had a great
time," he said yesterday. "I almost
killed a big buck, but luck was
against me. I've lived at La Grande
for 31 years, and it certainly has been
growing fast. The farmers have been
able to sell their wheat recently, and
that has relieved the money strin
gency somewhat." Judge Knowles
has been at Salem in the interests of
a bill which would make two sep
arate districts out of Union and Wal
lowa counties, or provide two judges
for the present district, which in
cludes the two counties, over which
Judge Knowles presides.
''"The hospitality of Japan is unsur
passed." eaid Miss Margaret Dila of
Spring Lake, Mich., upon her arrival
in Portland yesterday. Miss Dilz was
official representative from Michigan
to the world's Sunday school conven
tion held in Tokio last October. Since
that time she has been traveling
through Japan and China. "I have
visited many world conventions," she
said, "but nothing ever impressed me
more than the one held in Tokio. The
foreign delegates numbered 996. Three
large steamers were chartered to taKe
the delegates to Japan. The last con
vention waa held seven years ago in
Zurich, Switzerland, so naturally we
were interested to see the success of
this, the first gathering of its kind
ever held in the orient." Miss Dilz
will be in Portland for several days
as the guest of Mrs. Ada Wallace
Urcruh. She will then go to Cali
fornia, where 6he will give a series
of lectures.
Two brothers will meet today for
the first time in 30 years when F. G.
Wilson will go to Oregon City to meet
his brother, W. J. Wilson, sheriff of
Clackamas county. F. J. Wilson lives
in White Horse, Yukon territory, and
he has brought his wife with him to
Portland for their first visit here. The
Wilson's are great believers in the
Yukon country. "Tourists can't find
a better summer trip than a journey
to Alaska," said Mr. Wilson at the
Seward yesterday. "We have been
told many times that our scenery is
equal to Switzerland's. White Horse
is on the Yukon river, 110 miles from
Skagway. In the winter a stage runs
to Dawson, 480 miles distant, and in
the Bummer we can go to Dawson by
boat. The copper mines at White
Horse are not active now on account
of the low price of copper." The Wil
sons will leave tomorrow for Kelso,
Wash.
John Burroughs' Nature
Notes.
The army depot quartermaster's
office in Portland is to be removed
to Seattle. That town may have lost
its standing with the Interstate com
merce commission, but still seems
tc have, all Its old stand-in with the
war department.
A man has just died in Pennsyl
vania whose claim to fame is pro
duction of an astronomical, musical
and apostolic clock. He was 83.
Many die younger and older with
even less to show.
The marrying habit makes the
Vanderbilt the real "off again, on
again" of this land. One, awhile
divorced, acquired another mate a
day or two ago and lands on the
front page.
Oregon's electoral vote messenger
has decided to take a chance on get
ting his mileage, and will carry the
belated Oregon presidential vote to
Washington. His message will be
collect.
If an incident like Mr. Robb's
dereliction had occurred forty-four
years ago, the history of this country
might have been remarkably differ
ent But, then. Cox isn't a Tilden.
This climate is a bad one for auto
mobile shields and car veJtlbule win
dows. Accidents occur from "bleared'
vision, and many are the patents de
signed for clearing window glass and
making It suitable for unimpeded
sight. Just a few raindrops act like
lenses and distort vision, thus the
great popularity of scrapers for re
moving the rain from auto wind
shields and chemical combinations to
prevent the drops from adhering.
Motormen have the hardest tasks
to keep their glass clear, and find
it imperative that they have run
vision. Many are the combinations
tried,' among them a certain powder
that has proved efficient, but costs
in the neighborhood of 30 cents
day for a sufficient supply. The
old-timers have their sovereign and
efficient remedy. Judging from re
suits. It ia nothing else than tobacco
juice, and a 10-cent plug will supply
enough fluid for any rainy day. The
method of application is to saturate
a cloth with the Juice and smear it
over the window. -The rain drops will
not adhere and will run off evenly
thereafter, always providing the thin
coating Is renewed frequently.
The next time you see your motor
man busily masticating you will
know that he is an advocate of
"safety first," and is doing his bit
to care for the passengers. They
are a self-sacrificing bunch, all right,
and one new motorman on an east
side run persists in his chewing, even
though it makes him deathly sick, in
order to protect hiV cargo of human
freight.
Instinct and odors may tell the
wrong story. He was sitting at a
lunch counter, his whole soul cen
tered in a bowl of chowder, when a
cutie little girl took the next stool.
As he got his nose out of the soup
he raised his head, nostrils dilated,
drew in a deep, fragrant breath.
smiled from ear to ear and con
fidently turned with some intimate
little remark apparently struggling
for utterance. His joy was evident
to everyone. He peeked under the
perky little bonnet, and there met a
stare that literally set him back on
his haunches with surprise. It was
not "her." They only used the same
kind of perfume.
"The New Year's edition of The Or
egonlan proved a revelation to many
to whom I showed the paper." wrote
Charles Edward H. Phillips, president
of the rhillips Chemical company v
New York, to Dr. W. H. Ingram, who
is at the Multnomah. Dr. Ingram sent
a copy of the New Year's number to
Mr. Phillips. "Unless your part of the
country has been recently visited, few
realize the wonderful development
that has taken place, unless they can
see such pictures as The Oregon ian
contained. The not only excellent
but beautiful harbor with its terminal
docks are most interesting, and the
attractive and beautiful homes about
Portland are, I am sure, equal to any
in the east. Your paper has been
shown to many, all of whom 'express
surprise at the development as evl
denced by the pictures.
Can You Ansvter Thexe Questional
1. What element's make up the air?
2. What is the earliest known case
of bird conservation?
3. How does a snake swallow a
bird?
Answers in tomorrow's Nature
Notes.
a
Answers to Previous Questions.
1. Do bears leave marks on trees as
signals to other animals?
There seems to be more romance
than natural history in the theory
that marks made by tooth and -claw
on the bark of trees, are bear sig
nals. It is true bears often do make
such scratches, but probably more
from playfulness, a desire to stretch,
or simple boredom, than with any def
inite purpose. A tree against which
a bear has leaned and dug and
scratched might retain enough scent
of his body to Inform other animals
passing soon after that a bear had
traveled that way.
2. How does a waterfall generate
power?
I recently visited a noted, waterfall
In the south where electric power is
being developed on a large scale. A
great column of water makes a verti
cal fall of 600 feet through a steel
tube and Intthe fall develops 230,000
horsepower. The water comes out
of the tunnel at the bottom, precisely
the same water that went in at the
top, yet a vast amount of power has
been taken out of it or rather gen
erated by ita fall.
e
3. How does the golden-crowned
thrush move?
I am amused with the golden-
crowned thrush which, however, is
no thrush at all, but a warbler. He
walks on the ground ahead of me
with such an easy, gliding motion,
and with such an unconscious, pre
oucuoied air. Jerking his head, like
a hen or a partridge, now hurrying,
now slacking his pace, that I pause to
observe him.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By Junes J. Montaicue.
HAVE TEACHERS A BLACKLIST t
Harry Leon, who is at the Multno
mah from southern California, re
cently had theyexciting experience of
being in an airplane accuient ana au
tomobile smash-up all within half an
hour. "I went up with a friend in his
new flying machine a little way from
Los Angeles," said Mr. Leon yester
day. "After a little while of flying.
something went wrong and we got to
earth as gracefully as we could, out
landed in a tree, which wrecked the
machine and let us off with a few
bruises. Then we hired an auto at
a nearby garage to get back to town.
Ten minutes later, going around
curve, we crashed Into another car
which was standing still. We were
thrown out, but-not hurt. Then we
decided to take no more chances and
walked back to town."
Not many men in Oregon know the
highways of Lake and Klamath
county as does Will Norris of Klam
ath Falls. Mr. Norris, who was
called to Portland to serve on the
federal Jury and was drawn on the
grand jury also, left Portland last
night for his home. He has operated
an automobile stage on the Klamath
Lakeview road, a distance of 110
miles. More recently he has been
running a stage between Klamath
Falls and Chiloquln, a lumber manu
facturing point. In summer, this Is
one of the gateways to Crater Lake
national park. While here, Mr. Nor
ris was at the Young Men's Christian
association.
"We have Just passed through one
of the most successful years we have
ever had," said B. L. Beals Jr., yes
terday at the Imperial. Mr. Beals is
cashier of the Tillamook county bank.
We have sold all our cheese for this
year and have contracted for next
year at the prices which will prevail
when the purchasers are ready to
ave the prod'uet delivered." F. B.
McKinley, also of Tillamook, who is
in the real estate business, says
Tillamook is one of the best places
to make money that I know of, but
don't say I'm a wealthy man."
Condition That Is Not Favorable to
Pupils in the Schools.
PORTLAND. Jan. 27. (To the Edi
tor.) One of the arguments most
persistently used by teachers against
the proposed amendment to the ten
ure law is that the school board has
a "black lift" which, so soon as the
measure is passed,, they will proceed
to dismiss from the service.
While those who are familiar with
the desires and motives of the board
members to secure the change in the
law know that this accusation is
ridiculously false, it might be well
for the teachers to consider whether
or not they have a "black list."
The following instructions were in
closed with a copy of a petition which
was sent to each school in the district.
All teachers, supervisors and the nrlnrl
pai in your miliums are to be auked
sign the Inclosed petition.
Barnes of any not sinniiiR- are to be w ri
ten on a separate slip and pinned to th
petition.
Take the petition to headquarters, 33
t-namoer or t ommeree htniriing.
FEDERATED TEAt'H EItH' COUNCII,,
, By Jessie AlcUrtKo;
There are teachers in our school
who favor the amendment, and wh
report that life is made almost un
bearable for them by the radical ele
ment among the teachers, by anon
ymous phone calls, by being accoste
on the street, etc.
Does a condition of this snrt lea
to conscientious, intensive work in
the classroom, preparatory to the
mid-year examination? Is the wel
fare of the children given any coii
sideration dnrlnir these weeks of agi
tation and excitement?
Well qualified, conscientious teach
ers who are engaging in this fight
seem not to realize that they are
working aerainst their own interests.
ine raaicai element among our
teachers has created a fear of things
tnat ao not exist. They have scat
tered false propaganda for in f lamina
tory purposes and many of the teach
ers will realize with considerable em
uai i assmeni mat tneir tears were
entirely ungrounded and that
questioning the motives of the school
board they have been seriously mis
taken. MRS. E. W. PINZIilt.
FAIR IES.
As It would be If Hood had known the
commercial value of wrltlnc It tor the
movies.
Oh. saw ye not fair Ines?
She's gone Into the west
Where handsome leading men in chaps
And high-heeled boots are dressed.
She owns the Bar-X-Circle ranch
Upon the mesa's crest.
And entertains her rough-neck help
With merry quip and jest.
I saw thee, lovely Ines.
Whiuf out a sun one day.
And drop a horse-thief in his tracks
A half a mile away.
And when young Oklahoma Ike
To kiss thee did essay,
Thou spokest bright but bitter words,
To-wit: "Don't get too gay!"
I 'feared for thee, fair Ines,
The time that Mesquit Pete,
Astride his 'loping pinto nag
Rode up to thy retreat.
But when he was ejected by
The whiskers and the feet.
He must have seen that he had been
A trifle indiscreet.
Return again, fair Ines,
We eagerly implore,
To chase more vlllian.i o'er the plains
And spill their ruddy gore.
The hand that sent bIx evil knaves
Unto a far off shore,
In other films unwritten still,
Can shoot-up many more!
mm
The Next Ileform.
Californians won't be really happy
till they amend the antl-alion act so
as to include Iowans.
Too Much to Do Alone.
If business keeps up, New York
burglars will soon be advertising for
helpers. ,
Easier Still.
It ousht not to be nccrtyary to de
port blondes merely because they
hurt men's eyes. Why not deport per
oxide Instead?
(Copyright, 1921, by the Bell Syndi
cate, Ino.)
Self-Help.
By Grace E. Hall.
F. L. Decker of Maiden, Mass., Is
t the Multnomah. Maiden for many
years was the center of rubber manu
facturing activities r.nd in the 80s a
large percentage of rubbers and rub
ber boots used in the country east of
the Mississippi were made there.
Ray Powers; government chemist
for the northwest territory, is at the
Oregon. Mr. Powers spends his time
raveling about and giving advice
to manufacturers who are putting I
out various food products. He left for
Seattle last night.
PLEA FOR FAMILIAR NAMES
Old-timer Would Keep "Sandy Boule
vard" at Least Till Rosea Urovr.
PORTLAND, Or., Jan. 27. (To the
Editor.) I was lorn in Oregon In
1861, have been a resident of the
state ever since and have seen the
various stages of civilization- and
semi-civilization since that date. I
was in Portland In 1864, again in 1869,
and at various dates until I became a
taxpayer in 1907 and a resident in
1913. Some of us "old-timers" like
tne old names and ways best and 'I
is hard to keep up with modern times
x wuuiu venture a guess that a
large per cent of those who would
change the name of Sandy boulevard
to uoseway, Rose boulevard or Roso
something else, are comparatively
recent arrivals in Portland and per
haps the state. The letter written
by T. T. ("Tall Timothy") Geer. and
printed in The Oregonian a few days
ago, about voices my sentiment. At
present Controversy Lane would seem
a most appropriate name.
It would seem to the writer that
we would better wait till the roses
materialize before giving the name
of the. rose. Tourists might get
the impression that on entering our
beautiful city they would get the
sweet scent of roses, but when they
got a few whiffs from the old dairy
Darns and manure piles scattered
along the jyny between the city limits
and Troutdale they would think our
roses had a very peculiar odor. I am
a good deal like the Indians among
whom I have spent much of my time,
and that is that, nika turn turn Sandy
road hyas close name.
BUD ZUMWALT.
Sometimes, like a bullet that Is gone
astray
Prom a marksman's gun In the forNN
est glen,
A blow from a source that is far away
itrikes home to the hearts of men;
Like a wind-swept cloud that is black
with rain,
Conies a shadow drear o'er our
sunny sky,
And the soul is torn by a storm of
pain,
And the lips give forth a cry.
When the soul is seared by the flam
ing brand
That Is forced sometimes on a bur
dened heart.
Expect no strength from another
hand,
Nor ease from a single smart;
Turn back to the self in the depths of
you.
And face (for you can) this sting.
And, testing your strength to be sure
it's true,
Lay hold of this poisonous thins.
Lay hold of your mind and your heart
and will.
And reason the story out.
And know that no hurt will be last
ing 'til
Von yield to your own self-doubt ;
One tiling do we need in the midst of
pain,
And one that is oft refused;
Reason, to grapple with loss, or gain
The reason so seldom used!
ih, I would not offer a force untried,
Nor promise results unknown.
Hut know that I. too, have been hurt
ami cried,
Lonely, and all alone.
And that 1 have battled, and won, be
side, Th.ouirh strength that was all my
own.
In Other Days.
Twenty-Five Years Ago.
From The Orrgonlan of January 1S!KV
Washington Krank J. Canfleld and
Arthur Brown, from the new state of
Utah, took the oath of office in the
senate today.
All motormen and conductors of the
Portland Consolidated Street Railway
company were Instructed yesterday
by company officials to arm them
selves during worklnir hours as a
safeguard ayuinat bandits.
News has been received from Wash
ington that an official is to be sent
to the Pacific coast to determine the
amount of gold in circulation, prob
ably with a view to drawing the gold
nto the treasury and issuing green
backs.
A party of duck hunters arrived
hack in the city yesterday from
Sauvie's Island and reported all ducks
had fled the country. One hunter ex
pressed the opinion that the carp
caused the sudden emigration.
Fifty Years Abo.
rom Tho Oreponian of January 118, 1M7I.
Washington Debate in the senate
oday centered in the alleged defects
the income tax law as well as the
tatute's imperfect enforcement.
A two-story building has been
rected at Albany to house machinery
o be used in the manufacture of lln
eed oil, soap, candles and lard, all In
large quantities.
James B. Stephens was yesterday
lected president of the board of di
rectors of the newly organized Last
Portland Spring Water company.
A
New York, had a fire the other
day on the forty-third floor of a
building. Not having aero fire en
gines, the firemen took the express
elevators and put It out.
Lloyd George is reported to have
had a violent; disagreement with
Premier Briand and General Foch.
He'll find it difficult to declare mar
tial law la France..
Smelt are again favoring Oregon
by one of their regular invasions
and are plentiful in the markets.
While the smelt himself, or herself,
(s an innocent sojourner and accom
plishes a great deal of good In reduc
ing living costs, he, or she. Is an In
veterate masquerader on many res
taurant bill of fares. One prominent
place last week served "friend white
herring" at a nifty price, . and the
few who availed themselves oO the
dish stated that they were served
with ordinary smell. The wildcat
would doubtless have a- great time
were he here now with his fried fish
plant. THE SCOUT.
A group of Condon residents are at
the Seward for a few days. In the
party is ex-Judge G. W. Parman, for
merly county Judge of Gillam county,
A. B. Robertson, , dealer In wool, grain
and sheep, and JJ. A. Mackay, prom
inent lawyer.
W. E. Wadsworth of Harrlsburg Is
one of the hardware dealers here for
the convention at the Imperial. He is
fat and Jolly and always has a smile
for everyone. He enjoys all sorts of
Indoor and outdoor sports.
Duke Argyle, who is registered at
tr Multnomah from Prince Rupert,
does not claim any relationship to
the famous duke of Argyle of
"scratching post" .fame in England
may years ago.
The highway from Seaside to Port
land is one of the joys of Mr. and
Mrs. Charles H. Rowley of the Sea
side hotel, who motored to Portland
yesterday. They are registered at
the Imperial.
Bonus and Residence.
THE DALLES. Or.. Jan. 26. (To the
Editor.) i'lease advise me as to
which bonus I would be entitled to.
having been born in Idaho and living
three years in Washington before my
mustment la Portland in 1917.
R. L. M.
If you can prove that you were a
resident of Washington at the time
of your enlistment you are entitled
to the Washington bonus. That will
depend on what state you gave as
your residence at the time of enlist
ment. If you gave Washington you
will have no difficulty in establishing
Washington as your residence and
collecting the Washington bonus. If
you gave Oregon as your residence
you will be entitled to an Oregon
bonus, if the state should give one.
Residence for Purpose of Bonus.
Cl.ATSKAXIE, Or.. Jan. !!6. To
the Editor.) My husband served dur
ing the world war and received an
honorable discharge. He registered
in the state of Oregon hut in the
meantime moved to the state of
Washington. He had lived in the
latter state for six weeks when he
received a notice from the draft board
that he was drafted from the state
of Oregon. He returned to the town
in Oregon from which he was drafted
and there entered the service. Is ho
entitled to the bonus from the state,
of Washington?
MRS. O. L. C.
Since the government regarded
your husband as still an Oregon resi
dent when he entered the service, it
is quite likely Washington state offi
cials will hold likewise. To satisfy
yourself fully, write to the st-ta
auditor, Olympia, Wash.
Neighbor Calls for Help.
Baltimore American.
"I heard my next-door neighbor
calling for help this morning." "Was
he in danger?" "No; in an intelli-
gence office."
Love-Exrnange la Wished.
' Baltimore American.
"I do not know, sir, that I want
the love you give me." "All right;
I'll be just as well satisfied if you
return It.
When Navy Dlseharee Is Lost.
BATTLE GROUND, Wash.. Jan. 26.
(To the Editor.) I have lost my
discharge from the navy. What steps
should I take to get a copy?
SUBSCRIBER.
You may eecure a certificate "in
lieu of lost discharge" by taking the
matter up with the navy department
,t Washington, D. C. The department
will send you a blank form, which
you must fill out an . return before
the certificate is issued. ,
Agate Hunters Xot I'sunlly Employed
NAPA VINE. Wash.. Jan. 25 (To
the Editor.) Where can I write for
information about agates? Also can
you give me the addresses of firms
that employ agate hunters?
D. W. S.
Almost any standard encyclopedia
contains an article on agates. Manu
facturing Jewelers say that agate
hunters are not employed, though
purchases are made from those who
have them, at prices ranging from 50
cents to $5 a pound, according to
quality. Only rather large sizes ate
commercially dealt in.