Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 27, 1921, Page 8, Image 8

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TIIE MORNIXG OREGONIAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 2?, 1921
ESTABLISHED BY IEENBY I riTTOCK.
Published by The. Oreconian Publishing Co
133 Sixth Street. roruim.
At unonc.- R. B. PIPER,
""'V, ':, Editor.
The Ores-onlan Is a member of the A
. . ,.:a rrrl Press In ex
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Indwell.
A LEFT-OVER CAMPAIGN BOGET.
It is risky to carry over campaign
slogans not founded on fact into the
period between election and inaugu
ration of the president. The New
York Times should have discovered
that long ago, but apparently it will
not awaken to the fact until Presi
dent-elect Harding makes his cabinet
appointments. During the campaign
the phrase "senatorial oligarchy"
was constantly in Governor Cox's
mouth. Either the Times believes
that there is a senatorial oligarchy or
it holds the pretense that one exists
to be good politics.
Thus in referring to Mr. Harding's
"trials and griefs in building a cabi
net" in accordance with his determi
nation to invite the aid of big men,
it mentions his "painful discovery"
'that "all the big men had big ene
mies"; that something had been said
v gainst Charles G. Dawes and that
something else had been said against
Herbert Hoover; also that Senators
Johnson and Penrose hated Hoover
"with a consuming hatred." It de
livered a lecture to Mr. Harding to
the effect that any appointments
which nobody would oppose would
be nobodies"; that "a big man is cor
tain to have opponents"; that "Mr,
Harding may as well take his courage
in both hands," choose his capable as
sociates" regardless of their enemies,
"and give up the pleasing illusion
that anything worth having in this
world, even in politics, can be got
without fighting for it" This sage ad
vice, fitted for a novice just enterln
on a political career, was given to a
man who has run a newspaper in
Ohio, where everybody is a politician
for thirty years, who has served in
the state legislature, as lieutenant
governor and as United States senator
and who has just been elected presi
dent by the greatest plurality ever
given a president. SuchA man may
be presumed to know a few things
about politics.
Ten days later, on January 21, the
Times deplored the assumed fact
that nothing in regard to the cabi
net was yet settled, that "the whole
cabinet slate is sponged clean" and
that "Mr. Harding goes off to the
Everglades to begin it all over again
and to receive any further coramuni
rations that the senate may be
pleased to send him," thus proving
to his own satisfaction that "the sen
ate has won in its first contest with
the president-elect" Then followed
a recital of evidence of the senate'
"arrogance, overweening assump
tion" and "extreme dictation," espe
cially as to the appointment of sec
retary of state irt attempting to veto
the selection of cither Elihu Root or
Charles E. Hughes, with exhortation
to Mr. Harding to make a stand, that
"if the break has to come, it had
better be soon than late."
Thus a first-class row between
president and senate was already
cooked and ready to serve before the
former had even been inaugurated.
But on January 25, just four days
after the last-mentioned article wa
published, David ' Lawrence, who
usually knows what he is talking
about, wrote that Mr. Hughes was
"winding up his legal affairs so as
to be ready for the secretaryship of
tate." that 3ohn V. Weeks was
gathering data for a survey of the
war department in preparation to
take charge, that Herbert Hoover
would be secretary of commerce,
and otherwise confirmed the correct
ness of the slate that has been pub
lished. Then Mr. Harding has al
ready made a stand against those
senators who were said to have
threatened to break him if he op
posed them, and the rumor that he
assured the foreign relations com
mittee that "he will appoint no sec
retary of state distasteful to it,"
which "would undoubtedly rule out
both Root and Hughes," is exploded.
All the rremlses are knocked from
tinder the denunciation of the sen
ate and the warnings to Mr, Harding.
In his successful career, both as
ed5f6r and politician, Mr. Harding
knows that big men have big ene
mies, but he also knows that he
cunnot succeed without the aid of
big men. He surely realizes that
subservience to the senate would
nuke his administration a disastrous
Lfllure. as disastrous as would be an
attempt to dictate to the senate. He
htss expressed an intention to co
ordinate his power as president with
that of the senate, but he has also
made plain that he will not sacrifice
hS constitutional functions for the
s;r of harmony. Conciliatory as is
his temperament Mark Sullivan has
weii said that there is a streak of
steel in his make-up, which would
show itself on sufficient provoca
tion. Of course there is a purpose be- -Mod
the Times' assumption of alarm
at the senate's supposed attempt to
dictate and at Mr. Harding's sup
posed submission, though that pur
pose is clumsily served. The best
hope .of the democracy lies in re
publican discord. If the new ad
ministration should open with dis
trust and a slight smoldering antag
onism between president and senate,
the foundation would be laid for a
division in the republican party
which would grow as new subjects
of friction arose. Whether presi
dent or senate gained the upper
hand, a new cry of "dictation" would
be raised and the party's ability to
carry out its programme would be
impavfe4, But the senate knows
that the popular verdict last No
vember was not only against dicta
tion by the president; it was just
against dictation. The people will
not tolerate undu assumption of
power by any branch of the govern
ment at the expense of the others
and if an actual senatorial oligarchy
should appear In place of that fic
tion of Mr. Cox's Imagination which
Mr. Cox Invented and in which the
Times still professes to believe, the
people would strike it down as surely
as they struck down presidential
autocracy.
of the depths. Though wis should
not think of reward, it would be
abundantly forthcoming in the shape
of the improved condition of the Chi
nese people, the increased volume of
trade with them and the gratitude
with which they would turn to their
deliverers.
GOING DOWN? OR GOING tPT
The Oregonian is both surprised
and grieved to note that its neigh
bor the Journal has joined the of
ficial chorus of denunciation for the
tax - supervising commission. The I
great neart or the Journal palpitates
so loudly for the oppressed people
and its mellifluous voice is raised so
consistently in exposure of their
many wrongs, that it was to be sup
posed the Journal would eagerly
seize an opportunity-to go to their
relief. Who ever knew the Journal
to fail before except, of course,
when it might have aided In some
practical reform? Who ever knew
the Journal to serve in any way but
with big talk about reducing taxes?
Our nervous neighbor has con
jured up a satrapy to have control of
the public purse strings. That's it
Between a satrapy and bankruptcy,
we confess a preference for the for
mer even when we are not quite
clear what a satrapy is. Evidently
it is something pretty awful. But no
one needs the help of a prolific im
agination to understand the actuality
cf bankruptcy.
The tax reviewing commission is
to be appointed by the governor.
What of that? He now appoints our
judges, for example, in case of
cancy. Do we hear that it is a fright
ful invasion of the great principle of
home rule that a judge named by a
governor should have power over
ife and death for any Multnomah
citizen accused of murder? We
hadn't thought of it before, but it
occurs to us that it is so. Any criti
cisms of such a condition would be
just about as sensible and pertinent
as the howl about outside authority
a superior authority naming citi
zens of Multnomah to be a tax con
servation commission for Multnomah,
But let us agree that it should not
be done. Then what is to be done?
Will any critic of the plan dare to
rise on his two legs and say that the
present arrangement eighty - odd
tax-levying bodies for Multnomah
county, each operating independently
and within its jurisdiction having al
most unlimited taxing power should
not be corrected? Do they dare say
it? They will not say it, but by their
objections, mostly irrelevant, mostly
based on self-interest, they are do-
Ing It.
Of course, It will be a satrapy. But
it is a satrapy which will have power
only to cut taxes DOWN and no
other power In place of eighty-odd
satrapies which use their power to
keep them UP, and send them higher.
A NEW STATE DIVISION SCHEME.
Such is the confidence of "Holly
Leaves," published In the Hollywood
district of Los Angeles, In the effect
of California sunshine that it tries
to Tiatch out a brood of new states
in that benign climate. In order
that "the oast have its full strength
in the United States senate" in deal
ing with the Japanese question, it
proposes that California- be divided
into three states, and Oregon and
Washington into two each, w-ith the
Cascade mountains as the divfdin
line. Thus three states with six
senators would become seven states
with fourteen senators.
The difficulty in the way of . this
scheme is that such things are not
done. There is but one case of divi
sion of a state, if we exclude separa
tion of Vermont from New York
which was a subject of controversy
during the revolutionary war an
was completed by agreement with
New York In October, 1790, the state
being admitted to the union in 1791
That one case was West Virginia,
which declared its independence of
Virginia when that state seceded in
1S61 and was formally admitted to
the unidn in 1S63, though senators
were admitted tq. the United States
senate in 1861. The act admitting
Texas permits its division into fou
states, but every Texan scouts the
idea of division. Dakota was divided
into two states, but it was only
territory and congress had absolute
power. There may be good reasons
for annexing such diminutive com
monwealths as Rhode Island and
Delaware to adjoining states, but it
might not be safe to suggest such
action to their inhabitants.
Division of states is impracticable
because it would require the con
sent of the states concerned and
majority in congress, including
states which naturally would oppose
the plan. Oregon and Washington
have no desire for division, and they
would not consent to be. overshad
owed by three Californias. They
would have the hearty support of
many other states, which would not
be willing to increase the power of
any one state. While all states, big
and little, have equal representation
in the senate, their differences in
size are recognized by representa
tion according to population in the
house of representatives, and so it
seems destined to remain.
LIFT CHINA FROM THE DEPTHS.
Immensity of the disaster which
has befallen China is conveyed by
the report of United States Consul C,
E. Gamas, of Tsinan, Shantung prov
ince, to the American committee for
China famine fund, of which Thomas
W. Lamont is chairman. Although
this report relates only to Shantung,
conditions there are representative
of those in the four other affected
provinces, and the relief work in
progress, great though it may seem.
is pitifully inadequate.
The population of the severely
stricken districts in Shantung is 5,-
800,000 and those less severely
stricken 1,540,000 out of a total of
45,000,000 directly affected in the
five provinces. Of these, 15,000,000
'are facing immediate starvation
and will die without help, and thous
ands are dying daily." Shantung is
the most densely populated province
of China, and the famine area is the
most densely populated part of the
province. As, the population of this
area is almost entirely dependent
on the products of the soil" and as
a single poor harvest causes dis
tress to thonsands and as pro
cnged drought or sudden flood in
variably brings flood and disaster,'
these people have worked out the
definition of the economic phrase.
minimum of subsistence," to the
last degree. Overpopulation "re
quires the most intense cultivation of
the soil under the very best condi
tions to put plain, coarse food in the
mouths of the masses and cheap cot
ton clothing on their bodies."
To people living under such condi
tions the present famine is the cul
mination of "floods, drought and
locust hordes for from two to three
and four successive years." The
people have sold all that they have.
even to their clothing, bedding and
house timbers to procure food. They
have sold or drowned children, and
the able-bodied have fled to other
provinces, leaving women, children.
aged and weak to their fate. The
survivors eat leaves from the fields
ar.d trees, peanut meal from which
the oil has been extracted, ground
CTirn cobs, even bark from trees.
Children die by thousands, diarrhea
and dysentery are spreading and
mothers attempt to nourish babes in
arms "with their impoverished milk
supplemented by bits of masticated
breadstuffs."
Relief is provided mainly by for
eigners, among whom Americans are
most numerous, for the province is
eeply in debt and the famine has
cut off taxes, and the Chinese gov
ernment has given $1,500,000 to be
expended on a highway 200 miles
long. The American Red Cross, the
Shantung relief society, its foreign
auxiliary, and the missionaries are
at work, and much aid is given in re
turn for labor on highways. Though
2 silver will sustain one life for a
month, .12,000,000 silver are needed
for Shantung alone. All are working
together. Christians and non-Chris
tiana, Protestants and Catholics, but
more funds should come, more
workers will be needed.
This is a call to Americans to give
both freely and quickly, that the
people may be kept alive till the next
harvest This country must be the
chief reliance, for most of Europe is
itself a subject for relief. But when
the immediate pressing need is met
the American people should take the
lead in inaugurating measures of
permanent help, which will lift
China's millions above the risk of
wholesale death whenever a crop
fails. When a country is subject to
frequentrecurrences of such disas
ters, its entire political and economic
system needs reconstruction. The
United States could not better signal
ize its approaching participation in a
league of nations than by invoking
the league's aid In Uftiflff China put
CSE AND ABrSE OF NATIONAL PARKS,
East and west have come before
congress as advocates of two oppos
ing policies in regard to national
parks. The east represented by
lovers of scenic beauty, contends that
no structures for such utilitarian
purposes as irrigation and water
power shall be erected in the parks
except roads and hotels and other
things for the use of the tourists, as
such structures would destroy the
scenery to preserve which the parks
were set aside. , In their view any
work of man is ugly, and the parks
should be reserved for the works of
nature, wild and unadorned. The
west.contends that it should have use
of the water in the parks for power
and irrigation and should be permit
ted to impound it in the parks by
building dams when no outside sites
can be secured and when the scen
ery will not be impaired. It hotly
denies indifference to scenery, saying
that the greatest parks were created
on its initiative and that its people
wera in the habit of visiting them
long1 before eastern tourists discov
ered them.
The controversy came to a. head at
a hearing before a special commit
tee of the house on the bill amending
the waterpower act so that the
waterpower commission shall have
no authority to grant permits for
sites in parks and that such permits
be granted only by special act of
congress. Two concrete cases give
point to the controversy. ' There are
under irrigation on the Yellowstone
river in Montana and it3 tributaries
about 500,000 acres, which suffer
from shortage of water and serious
loss of crops In July and. August,
when water is most needed, but the
valley Is visited by destructive floods
in May and June, when the flow of
the Yellowstone is twenty-six times
as great as in the irrigation season.
The damage by floods in 1918 has
been fixed by inventory at $2,000,000
and in ten years has averaged $500,-
000 a year. It is proposed to build
a concrete dam in the river near the
Fishing bridge, a few hundred , feet
below the outlet of Yellowstone lake.
where the bed is sand of unknown
depth, or about two and a half miles
farther down the river on a bed of
solid rock, and to make a road and
bridge over the top of the dam. The
estimated cost is $500,000. By this
dam it is proposed to maintain the
lake slightly above high water level,
thus storing the flood water, to be
discharged gradually during the ir
rigation season. This dam would
store enough water to supply the
present irrigated area and 600,000
acres additional.
The scenery party says that the
darn would submerge great areas of
forest would leave mudbanks when
water was low and would destroy
paint pots, geysers and other won
ders. The irrigators reply that this
is pure fiction; that the lake cannot
possibly be raised more than two
feet above the level to which high
winds drive the waves; that no tim
ber would be submerged; that the
present variation in the lake level
reveals not an acre of mud bank;
that game would be disturbed no
more than it now is by the concrete
bridge at the canyon; that the water
would cover three or four hot
springs, but there are -5000 in the
park; that the crater of the Fish
Cone hot spring would be submerged
part of the year, but that there are
three or four other similar craters
at higher elevations, at least one of
which would be left by the highest
possible elevation of the lake. The
scenery party says the dam could be
located in Yankee Jim canyon, out
side the park. The irrigators reply
that that site is good for a 170-foot
dam, but that it would provide stor
age enough to hold tiro flood water
for only a week, would conserve only
enough water to reclaim 150,000
acres of land, would submerge 16
miles of railroad, isolate the town of
Gardner and practically block the
northern entrance to the park.
Idaho also has a project which is
as fiercely opposed. Farmers on
200,000 acres of land adjoining the
southwest corner of the park have
for lack of water. They propose to i
build a dam which would make a I
reservoir of the Falls river basin in ,
the park. They quote the geological
survey as stating that the basin is a
swamp, and say that the locality has
no roads or trails and is seldom visited-
Thp Kopnprv nnrtv savs the
basin is a beautiful combination of J
meadow and forest with many water
falls around its rim, access to which
would be cut off by the reservoir,
and that last August a party camped
on the alleged swamp and rode all
over It on horseback. They say that
plenty of good dam sites exist out
side the park, but the irrigators reply
that all combined could store only
37,000 acre-feet of water, while they
need 200,000 acre-feet.
On the face of their statements.
the westerners seem to have the bet
ter case. They have encountered the
ingTained eastern distrust of western
people, which credits Us with wast
ing our natural resources and de
spoiling the beauties of nature to en
rich "grasping corporations corpor
ations are always "grasping" when
not their corporations. They forget
that while a few of them visit the
west in summer to enjoy the scenery,
western people have to make their
living off the country and that the
east has a yearly growing need of the
west's products. They also forget
that western people enjoy scenery as
much as they and spend their vaca
tions by hundreds of thousands in
rambling through the mountains.
The west is, therefore, .as averse as
the east to destroying natural
beauty, especially as it draws in
creasing income from eastern tour
ists, most of whom neglected the
national parks until the war shut
them out of their beloved Europe.
But western men fail to see how a
dam topped by a road could mar the
beauty of Yellowstone river and lake
or how a lake would not be as beau
tiful as the meadows and forests of
Falls river basin. If the lake should
cut off access by road to the falls, it
would still be possible to use boats.
and rowing is as healthy exercise as
walking, or riding, far more so than
motoring.
The scenery lovers seem unable to
measure relative values. Surely some
sacrifice of scenery might be made
in order to save 20,000 people in the
Snake river valley or several times
that number in the Yellowstone val
ley from loss of crops, though it has
not - been proved that the natural
beauties and woiaders of Yellowstone
park would be in any degree im
paired by the dams proposed. Then
the farmers should be permitted to
use the waters of the park after all
possible precaution has been taken j
against injury to its use for recrea
Congress is not an appropriate
body to decide such questions. Its
members cannot go into all the tech
nical matters of fact and engineer
ing, and they are unduly influenced
by propaganda, of which a flood-is
being poured forth by self-appointed
defenders of Yellowstone park. De
cision should be entrusted to an ad
ministrative body like the water-
power commission, wnicn wouia De
guided by advice of engineers, modi
fied by that of men who combine
zeal for preservation of the parks
with regard for the general good and
crol judgment a quality in wb.ich
the present cnampions oi nature un
defiled seem to be singularly lacking.
Stars and Starmaker.
By Leone Cuss Baer.
Mna Archer Crawford, who was
once a Baker player, is now appear
ing in stock at the Arlington theater
in Boston.
e
May Buckley is leading the New
Prospect stock comedy at Cleveland,
Ohio.
see
Dwlght Van Monroe, well known in
the theatrical and motion picture
world, who died a week ago, was the
husband of Anna Laughlin, remem
bered for her cleverness in "The
Wizard of Oz" and other musical
comedies, in which she appeared with
Fred Stone and the late Dave Mont
gomery. Anna Laughlin was married
to Mr. Monroe sixteen years ago and
they have 'one daughter, Lucy, aged
fourteen.
George' Alison, anothor Baker lead
ing man, is in the cast for a new play,
"Dulcy," to be put out by Tyler and
Frazee. Lynn Fontanne has the lead.
Rehearsals are now going on, with a
view to production in a few weeks.
Arthur Hopkins has announced that
he will present Lionel Barrymore In
"Macbeth" at the Apollo theater on
Thursday evening, February 17. Julia
Arthur will be the Lady Macbeth.
The production has been designed
by Robert Edmund Jones and aims to
project the immorta-1 values of the
play rather than the temporal details
of the period and place. An entire
new mus'cal setting has been ar
ranged by Robert Russell Bennett as
an added valuation to the beauty of
the production, and this score also
has been prepared with a view to
avoiding all attempt at exact or con
ventional comment on the drama.
Rehearsals are under way under
Mr. Hopkins's personal direction.
e
Violet Loraine, Britain's, cleverest
revue artist, will shortly be married
to Edward Joicey, a wealthy coal
owner, it is announced, and will re
tire from the stage.
Owen Moore, erstwhile husband to
Mary Pickford Fairbanks, is said to
be seriously ill at the Post Graduate
hospital in New York. 1
Julian Eltinge, who is reported to
have lost a fortune on his tour of the
Occident and orient," opens for the Or
pheum circuit February 13, at" the
Kansas City house.
e
Another recruit for Orpheum vaude
ville is June Elvidge, motion picture
star who opened this week in Mem
phis In "The Crystal Gazer," a one
act sketch.
The Oregonian, in its issue of Jan
uary 21, had a-report of the proceed
ings before the school board, with
reference to Mrs. Alevia Alexander,
ow principal of the Woodmere
chool, in which it was said that
Mrs. Alexander was demoted by
Superintendent Alderman from her
position as principal of the Girls
olytechnic school three years ago
and later discharged on the ground
of irregularity of accounts." Some
the friends of Mrs. Alexander
ave said to xne uregoman inai
there was an implication in its state
merit that she had been accused of
financial irreerularitv and dismissed
for it. This is not the fac, and no
uch intimation was intended to be
given, and would not have been war
ranted if given. It Is prfjper to state
that among the charges was one
which had to do with her method of
eeping school records.
of
The officially announced drop in
the cost of living is subject to indi
dual variations, of course. There
nothing to prevent one from
adapting his budget somewhat to the
items that have declined in price.
hile dispensing for a while longer
with those in the luxury class.
In the matter of purchase of $75,-
000 worth of pipe for the water bu
reau from a local maker at a bid
$1500 higher than that of a Phila
delphia concern, the city did right
Wages paid at Oswego are of more
benefit than a payroll In the eastern
city.
A federal judge in Kansas says we
may have a revolution unless the
eighteenth amendment and various
prohibition laws are repealed. His
theory seems to be to beat the revo
lution to it by a counter revolution.
California mountains are said tp be
moving northward a few feet a year.
Long time before they bump Mount
Hood, though it would be Califor
nia's nerve to try.
Chairman Hays' appeal to cover
the $1,500,000 deficit produced $21,
000. With days of optimism in the
vista, he ought to try sight drafts.
Release of the names of thirty-two
out of 375 restaurants recently given
municipal rating is hardly fair to all
the thousands who eat out.
He should be fined at least a dol
lar and a half the driver who was
so drunk he had to be jailed to
sober up.' "
Owen Johnson, playwright and nov
elist, running a close second in matri
monial projects with Willard Mack
and the late Nat Goodwin, last week
married Catherine Burton in New
York. This is Mr. Johnson's fourth
marriage. In 190O he married Mary
Gait Stockley of Lakewood, N. J. A
year after her death, which occurred
in 1911, he married Esther Ellen
Cobb, a singer of San Francisco. They
were divorced in Reno in 1917. Mr.
Johnson then married Ceclle Denis De
Lagarde of Chignes, France, who died
in 1918.
Mr. Johnson has' three children,
Olvia, Katharine and Robert'
Edna Goodrich has returned to her
old play "Sleeping Partners," the Oc
tavus Cohen piece having proved
flivver on Its tryout in Salt Lake 1
early November. Miss Goodrich is
touring California in the play she
had at the Heilig in October.
e e
Frances Hanrahan, the young
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Han
rahan, formerly of Portland, is one of
the dancers in the bacchanal episode
in "Mecca," the newest Morris Gest
sensation. The bacchanal was staged
by Michael Fokine and has scores of
lovely dancers, of whom the little
Portland maid is one. The piece is
playing in New York, at the Century,
where it opened October 4. Mrs. Han
rahan is with her daughter. They
live at 8 Fort Charles place. Marble
hill. New York city.
e
Lottie Pickford, at one time a film
star, is to try vaudeville. In her at
tempt she is to be supported by Eu
gene Strong and Walter Percival,
both of whom were In the support of
Valeska Suratt not so long ago. The
offering is to be entitled "Two Keys"
and has been written by Percival in
collaboration with John P. Touhey.
The general idea of the act is rather
Cohanesque in its treatment and is
in a comedy vein.
e
Lauretta Taylor is to revive "Peg
o' My Heart" this season providing
an arrangement can be arrived at
with Oliver Morosco regarding the
piece. The understanding that she
was to appear under the management
of William Harris, Jr., in "Mary
Stuart" seems to be off for the pres
ent, although it is quite possible that
the "Peg" revival may be under his
management.
e
Eva Olivetti, popular soubrette last
year with the Alcazar musical stock
here, has been engaged for a role fn
the fourth "Mary" company to be sent
out Richard Pyle and Marguerite
Sender are playing the leads in the
fourth company.
e
Mrs. Blanche Bonaparte, wife of
Jerome Bonaparte's grandson, has
started action for $100,000 against
Town Top'cs, alleging she has been
slandered and held up to ridicule by
the periodical publishing paragraphs
declaring she is vain and likes to
have her picture taken.
Those Who Come and Go.
A. L. Jameson of McMinnville. pres
ident of the Oregon Retail Hardware
and Implement Dealers' association, is
a great booster for his befme town.
"Tell 'em that I live in the best town
in the best state in the whole coun
try," he said yesterday at the Impe
rial. "I think McMinnville is not only
the best town in, the valley, but the
best in the state. Why, we have every
thing, from the finest filberts to the
finest grain crops. All you have to
do is to tickle the ground with a hoe
to produce whatever you want." Mr.
Jameson has been in the hardware
business in McMinnville ten years.
He has been active in the chamber
of commerce and in all movements
for civic betterment. He brought his
wife with him to Portland for the
week.
"A few logging camps on Fuget
sound are beginning operations again.
but manv camps will De closed ior
HAVE TEACHERS HEAD BILL
Consideration on Merits Urged. Omit
ting Personal Antagonisms.
PORTLAND, Jan. 25. (To the Edi
tor.) Believing that all wish to be
fair in enacting thd best tenure law
for teachers that is possible, one
would bo highly amused at the lack
of arguments or the kind put forth
by the teachers, if the matter were
less serious to the welfare of our city
and our children.
The recent changes in the proposed
bill seem to have excited some teach
ers. The changes made in the bill
proposed, at least, prove that its
sponsors are open-minded and will
ing to change parts that, for the best
inerests of all, seem to demand
change.
A member of the Federated Teach
ers' council is reported (Journal, Jan
uary 22) as hav'ng said that the
"board would have power to take a
Latin teacher, for instance, and
two weeies or a month longer." said I transfer her to a primary class," etc
Bruse E. Hoffman on his return to
Portland yesterday. Mr. Hoffman,
who is a . logging engineer in the
Portland office of the United States
forest service, has spent the last ten
days in an inspection trip on the
Olympic national forest He has been
looking over timber sale operations
of government timber. "The supply
of cedar logs in the water is above
normal and the supply of fir far be
low normal. The demand for cedar in
te fall was poor, but fir was cleaned
up well. Wjages In the logging camps
have been .reduced from what was
paid last year."
"Represerrtatives of many girls'
cooking, sewing and canning clubs in
the state will attend the Oregon Agri
cultural college summer school this
year,'" said Miss Helen Cowgill at
the Imperial yesterday. Miss Cowgill
is assistant state club leader of the
boys' and girls' club work of the
state. She has been visiting the clubs
in Washington county and since the
first of the week has called on clubs
at TIgard, Sherwood, Garden Home,
Beaverton, Metzger and Whitford.
"Everywhere the clubs are hard at
work and some of the members ha"ve
finished their assigned work. We had
more than 15,000 boys and girls en
rolled in 1920. They made a net
profit of $64,000 for themselves. The
girls are now planning ways to send
representatives to summer school."
"Good roads and irrigation are the
two things we need principally in
Bend," is the opinion of J. H. Meister,
prominent lumberman, who was at
the Benson yesterday. "We are put
ting forth every effort to get both
roads and proper irrigation. We have
wonderful scenery and we wartt tour
ists to see it. We feel they will come
quickly enough if we have the roads
for them. The lumber business is
quiet now, but we hope that things
will be better soon." Mr. Meister has
brought his wife with him for a short
visit here.
J. H. Townsend, a student at the
University of Washington,, stopped
off at the Multnomah yesterday
morning for a few hours on the first
lap of a long auto Journey. He in
tends to make a complete circuit of
the United States. Hjs car was plas
tered with "See America First" signs.
He will follow the coast as closely as
possible to Los Angeles and then go
through Texas, Louisiana and Ala
bama and, Florida and up the Atlaatie
coast to the Canadian border. He
will return over the northern route.
Arthur Page, of Page Bros,
ship brokers of San Francisco. Is
Portland visitor for a few days. Page
nas an nviatue reputation among
snip men here, lie is considered the
best-known ship broker on the Pa
cific coast. He has built up his good
reputation in business and is trusted
everywhere. Portland men have re
lied on him for years.
Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Burton of Con
don, Or., are On a business trip a
the Seward for a few days. Mr. Bur
ton is connected with the S. B. Bar
ker company of Condon, one of the
largest general merchandise stores in
eastern Oregon. Here the citizens of
Condon or the farmers of the sur
rounding country may buy anything
from a threshing machine to a new
rocker. urniture and hardware are
the two specialties of the store.
or the
"legal
The domestic egg market dropped
eight cents in a week. Those car
loads of Chinese eggs must be ar
riving. v
About 25,000 garment workers are
going on strike in New York. Is
there overproduction somewhere?
Bergdoll, it appears, is in Germany
and an attempt to kidnap him failed.
He is doomed to remain there.
Has everybody received his income-tax
return blank? If so, let
the merry figuring begin.
That Messenger Robb is out a trip
to Washington, expenses paid, is
about the size of it.
First dates have been claimed by
1. T' -. 1 1 m H T 'r Thpro will ho tin in
suffered Xrom eeveraj grop. failures j tcrlexeasft. '. . 1
"Her Man," the latest play from the
pen of Willard Mack, opened in New
Haven, Conn., this week, with the
author and Clara Joel in the leading
roles. Others in the cast included
Zola Talma, Jean Sparks, Joseph
Sweeney, T. Tamamoto, Marshall Vin
cent and Nathaniel Sack.
Eugene Walters, playwright and
author of "The Easiest Way," "Paid
in Full" and other dramatic works,
has filed a voluntary petition in
bankruptcy in the United States dis
trict court. He declares his liabili
ties as $7479, all unsecured claims,
and announces that there are no assets.
A Modern Home on W heels.
London Sphere.
One of the largest touring cars in
the world is owned by King Albert of
Belgium. It is 'in two sections and
accommodates 15 persons, with sleep
ing quarters for ten. The machine
was designed for hunting in Africa,
and is equipped with kitchen, bath
a4 OisXae ream. -
An enthusiast over sugar beets and
what they can do for his state is
H. W. Wulff of the Wulff Hardware
& Implement company of Welser,
Idaho, who is here for the hardware
men's convention. "Hardware men
don't have to be interested in imple
ments alone," he said. "We like to
be Interested In anything that can
help our own localities and I surely
feel that sugar beets w.ill bring
wealth to Weiser." -
Frank C. Pramwell of Salem, super
intendent of bank examiners, is at the
Oregon. He Is the son of Frank S.
Bramwell of Grants l'ass, who is one
of the applicants for the position of
United States marshal. The elder
Mr. Bramwell is president of the
Grants Pass chamber of commerce
anJ a former director of the state
chamber of commerce. Both are great
boosters for the climate of southern
Oregon.
Mr. and Mrs. F. L. Chambers of
Eugene have returned home after a
few days in Portland. They were at
the Imperial. Mr. Chambers Is presi
dent of the First National bank and
of the Chambers Hardware company
In Eugene. He has been active In
the chamber of commerce. Mr." and
Mrs. Chambers are members of an
old Oregon pioneer family.
Guy La Folletta of Prlneville, ed
itor of the Crook County Journal, has
come to Portland to take out the
kinks after living in a country of
crooked rivers. Mr. La Follette Is a
worthy successor to the pioneers who
brought newspapers to the Ochoco
country. The Crook County Journal
was established In 1S94. Mr. La Fol
lette is at the Portland.
"Yes, Temperance, Nevada, is my
home," said L. C. Warner yesterday
at the Multnomah. "Temperance is
only a tank stop now and you can't
find it on the map. In the old days
it was a few miles from Ely and was
a relief station and express stop. It
was a typical western boom town
and named Temperance, I suppose,
because it was so wet."
The glitter of 'diamonds and other
precious stones and the pleasure of
handling them are enjoyed dally by
Charles T. Pomeroy of Salem, who is
at the Imperial. Mr. Pomeroy is a
jeweler who knows his business and
has many friends here and in the
capital city.
E. R. Isaacs of Medford and Leo
F. Ferguson of Ashland are in Port
land on a buying trip, preparatory to
opening up a haberdashery store in
Ashland.
James T. Shaw of San Francisco
arrived at the Portland yesterday.
Mr. Shaw is attorney for the Portland
telephone company in the rate case.
Bishop W. T. Rowe of the Episco
pal diocese of Alaska is registered at
the Multnomah. He will be here
about a week.
No Violent Lore Is Made. ,
Life.
"He made violent love to you, didn't
he?"
"Dear me, no! He only asked me
to )i)iry. turn."
Perhaps. Perhaps the board would
have power to make the superintend
ent a primary teacher, or a doctor, or
a lawyer, or a tradesman, or a team
ster, by dismissing him out of the
profession, and it might be the best
act as far as the children and com
munity are 'concerned that the board
could do. One argument entirely
overlooked in the statement is that
not all teachers are perfect profes
sionally, even though they have been
highly trained.
I have been studying the profes
sion many years and I have met some
teachers, as well as some school di
rectors and patrons, who are appar
ently afflicted with paranoia. Upon
close acquaintance and investigation
I find that these individuals are so
cocksure that they are right that
they will assure you they are doing
the best teaching in some particular
school, that they keep the whole
school going,, that really if it were
not for their peculiar, perfect efforts
and work, every other teacher in
the building would be found out as
"inefficient." and the school would
go "smash"!
Personally, I think some
teachers are taking their
mind" too seriously.
One week I asked every teacher
and principal whom I met what sec
t'ons or points they objected to in
the proposed bill. Some 15 out of 40
were forced to admit during the con
versation that they had not read the
proposed bill and it had not occurred
to them really to study the old and
the proposed laws. How could "the
administrative officers prove that
they had made suitable efforts to as
sist the teacher to improve her
work" if she has allowed herself to
become a paranoiac?
If the th'nking members of the
Federated Council of Teachers had
really desired to be just in their
efforts they should have at least
roquired a reading of the proposed
bill as a qualification to make one
eligible to sign, the petition recently
passed through the school for touch
ers' signatures, to indicate their ap
proval of the present law.
There seem to be some teachers
who are not genuinely Interested in
the proposed bill or any other serious
activity outside of their classroom
work, but a betrayal of their ignor
ance of the real significance ot state
school legislation is an Indictment
against their intelligence in affairs
which affect the community.
The "rubber stamp" charge is to
trivial to take your space for discus
sion. The bill provides for a com
plete record of charges and trial
be kept on file.
As a citizen I most seriously regret
that the Ill-feeling between faction
grows. I believe a thorough stud
of the proposed bill might brin
about a better understanding. I be
lieve that your paper should continu
to counsel consideration of the merit
of the law and counsel a burial of
personal antagonisms.
JOHN F. DAVISON.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By James J. MunliiKiic,
A ri.EA op t;i iirv.
(French statesmen bisme wild wet Amer
ican films for crime In Fans.)
Though Maupassant, Balzac and Ana
tole France
Wrote mostly of blackguards and
crooks.
Though crime is the basis of half tho
romance
That Frenchmen put into their
books.
Though g.mcs of Apaches roam round
the Hues,
Eng.iKed In their murderous game.
The French are all right if we give
them their dues
Our Wild Western films are to
blame.
The rascal.-, the suave Monte Ciisto
pursued
Until he had blotted them out.
Were all with the loftiest motives Im
bued, Three jolly good fellows, no doubt
They never were wicked or wilful in
youth.
What gave them their criminal
start
And made them unmoral, unjust and
uncouth
Were the pictures of William s!
Hart.
It seems fairly certain that Charlotte
Corday
Would not in the blindness of
wrath,
In the folds of her blouse hide a
dagger away
To puncture Marat in his bath,
If she hadn't just happened the even
ing before.
With a couple of young sans
coulottes,
To see Dousias Fairbanks lay out on
the floor
,A half dozen men in two shots.
The bullies D'Artagnan fought six at
a time
All doubtless grew vicious and
mean.
Through viewing the riot of carnage
and crime
On a Western American screen.
Our fillums the French have to evil
beguiled.
Without them, their leaders ac-ree),
They all would be gentle, and cliild
like and mild
But where would their literature be
There Are Lota of Them Here.
Mr. Harding is going to rick tho
rest of his cabinet while In Florida.
Let's hope he doesn't pick any
lemons.
,
Better Business.
Most crooks would rather be bur
glars in New York than l'onzis in any
other part ot the country.
Like John D.
A man cannot be called really rich
until Undo Sam wlil argue with him
about the amount of his income tax
instead of just taking It away from
him.
(Copyright bv the Bell SyndU'.ite. Tne.)
John Burroughs' Nature
Notes.
WHERE HOSEBIO ItOSEWAV GOES
Reflections of a Loglrlnn on Mrddlin
With the Good Old Annie.
PORTLAND, Jan. 26. (To the Edi
tor.) A recent correspondent of Th
Oregonian aligns himself with thos
who are insisting on changing th
old pioneer name of the Sandy roa
to something that will more nearly
comport with some highbrow ide
and suggests that inasmuch an "this
is one of the greatest dairy and veg
etable sections of the northwest'
be named cither "Dairyman's Re
treat" or "Vegetable Lane."
But if "Dairyman's Relreat" is
more high sounding name than "Sandy
road," let me suggest that we go
few strata? higher and call it .Milk
Wav." That will hit the topnotoher'i
idea beautifully or it strikes me that
a decidud improvement on "Vegetabl
Lane" would be "Alfalfa Drive.
Still more euphoneous like, don t you
see?
This latest representative of th
unlift movement says Sandy Koad
or even Sandy boulevard suggest
nand dunes, etc. Well, what of It
When the elite of the country wan
to a have "a perfectly splendid time
for a month or two in the hot season
they Invariably hie themselves to the
beaches for the rea-son mat enf-re
thov can throw themselves on the
sand dunes in fond embrace and enjoy
life to the full. Whats the matter
with sand? It is a good tning 10
hnvft in more forms than one.
Sandy road got its name more tnan
7ft vrira aco. not hecauso it is
sandy rond or ever was, but because
it was the road leading Into the vil-
l.i nf Portland Iroin a river inai
wu nnrt is sand v. If wo are goin
to climinato the name ."sandy" let s
irn after the river where the sand Is,
and then pursue our hostility further
and figure out a hotter name ior uie
little fish that come to Its waters
each year by the billion) in number.
Imagine a "Rosebud Koseway" lead
ing a. tourist to where he finds him
self knee deep in smelt!
sc T. T. GEER,
PUBLIC INTEREST PARAMOU.VT
People Have Rlgbt to Menns of Keep
ing Schools Efficlrnt.
PORTLAND, Jan. 26. (To the Edi
tor.) Lincoln voiced a great Ameri
can principle when he pronounced
this a trovernment "of the people, by
the people and for the people." Yet
we have in Portland a tenure law
mad. "of th teachers." Granted
some years hack they suffered from
the abuses of politicians. Did they
attack the politicians? No, they made
a law. which was railroaded through
our legislature, so rigid as to tie the
hands of any school Doaro., gooa vi
hurt
Under the present law, the board
cannot dismiss a teacher for anything
short of gross immorality. Yet how
many children suffer through being
either badly taught or unsympa
thetlcally handled. Immorality can
be proved; inefficiency can not. We
elect our own school board; it rep
resents us. They hire an educational
specialist, the school superintendent,
who ought to have the power to em
ploy or discharge those under him,
subject to the approval of the board.
We expect an efficient management
of our schools, yet we cannot dis
charge Inefficient teachers under the
present law.
We, the public, are botH the em
ployers and consumers in the public
school system, yet when our board
proposes a modification of this law,
granting fairness to both sides, we
cannot have jt not if the teachers
can helj it. -
QXK OF THE PUBLIC.
tun you nnaner these questions?
1. Do bears leave marks on trees as
signals to other animals?
2. How does a waterfall generate
power?
3. How does the golden-crowned
thrush move?
Answers in tomorrow's nature notes.
Answers) to previous i"estions.
1. Aro chestnut burrs found on rose
bushels?
Rose bushes are often afflicted with
abnormal growths called galls cauncd
by insects that puncture some part of
the plant and deposit one or more
eggs. These foreign substances irri
tate the vegetable cells, and the gall,
a swelling, forms. The spiny rose
gall, covered with prickles, looks liko
a chestnut ourr. ii is onen nuu iu
Eummer and hard in winter, im cut
ting it open, either the eggs or ttia.
hatched-out larvae appear.
2. How were the beautiful sculp
tured effects of the Grand Canyon
formed?
Decay and disintegration in the or
ganic world often lead to the produc
tion of beautiful forms. Tho-e that
till the Grand Canyon of Colorado
giant starways, enormous alcoves.
massive vertical wans now um mi
guided erosive forces carve incm:
The secret Is in the otruciure or me
rocks, in the lines of cleavage, in the
unequal hardness, and in inu impuls
ive irregular, and unequal action ot
the eroding agents.
3. How can little birds often escape
hawk?
The only salvation for a small bird
pursued by a hawk is to eflfli lnsiam
lv the cover of some tree, bush or
hedge, where its smaller size enables
to move about more rapmiy. i""
pirate hawks are aware oi hue.,
therefore rrefer to take their prey by
one fell swoop. In close I. ranches th
little birds are as safe as in a wall
of adamant.
In Other Days.
Twcnty-Flvc Venrs Aro,
From The Orirnninn of January 27.
Borlin The llonoraiiio 1 ncoaore
Runyon, United Slates ambassador to
ermany, expired suddenly and unex
pectedly at 1 o'clock this morning of
heart failure.
Washington The silver stihstitursj
for the bond bill and the Monroe iloc-
rine declaration will continue to he
ho chief objects for consideration ia
he senate during this week.
Among the many hold-up cases re
ported of late tnere is quae a per
centage which are only imaginary,
according to the police, they being re
ported to cover up money lost m
other ways.
The schedule meeting of the Ne-
raclfic Leaguo of Professional Base-
all clubs will bo held in room 4ia,
Marquam building, tomorrow.
Fifty Yenrs A no.
From The Oreironlan of January -7, 1871.
jix-2c.nator .M.-siiiiin ,n:is a laisa
umber of teams plowing and will
ow six or seven nunarea acres ox
grain.
Jefferson has become a ftill-fledged
ity and Its police court is said to be
oing a first-class business.
The new town clock was on fhs
strike" yesterday afternoon. Be-
wecn 3 and i o ciock u was Dancing
way about every ten or 15 minutes.
All the hotels of this dry aro over
full of boarders and travelers, and
till the people are multiplying at a
rate that Is almost inexplicable.
Canada Blnkes Textile Deal.
Exchange.
Negotiations for a $9,000,000 ordetf
for woolen textiles have been oon-
udod between Canada and Ron-
mania, ana in connection therewith
arrangement lias been made with
ritish financiers whereby the Cana
in manulaciurcrs will receive cash
against documents at the port of load-
g. Some SI mills win participate
the cloth order. About I.aOO.OOt)
yards of cloth of varying quality and
rice, involving in tho agsregate mors
hun $7,000.0(10. will be taken, and
he balance of the order will be made
up ot knit goods unirerwear, socks
and stockings, sweaters, Jerseys, etc