Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 22, 1921, Page 8, Image 8

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

FubMihcd by The Oreg-onian Publishing Co,
13 Sixth Street. Portland. Oregon.
- UiDitn. Editor.
- The Oreitonian ia a member of the Asso
ciated Vreae. The Aociated Preaa l ex
clusively entitled to the use for publication
of all newa credited to it or not.
otherwise credited in thla paper and also
tne local news published herein. All rights
. vl puuucation ox special aispaicnea uwwn
are also reserved.
suggests the desirability of waging
warfare on rats In and out of season.
Plague prevention is a business in
which good Intentions alone do not
count for much. Vigorous action, by
communities rather than individuals,
is essential to effectiveness.
Eobscriptloa Kates Invariably In Advance.
By ilall.)
Pally. Sunday Included, one year $8.00
'ally, Sundny Included, six months... 4 23
l'sily. Sunday Included, three months. 2.211
daily, Sunday Included, one month... .75
Iaily, without Sunday, one year 6.60.
l'ally. without Sunday, six months... S.2
Tally, without Sunday, one month 00
Weekly, one year 1 00
Sunday, one year 2.60
(By Carrier.)
pally. Sunday Included, one year 19.00
. i-siiy. nunuay included, three months.
i-aily, Sur-day included, one month... .79
paiiy. without Sunday, one year.... T.S0
1'aily. wunuut Sunday, three months. 1.95
aaiiy. without Sunday, one month .tie
How ts Remit Send postoffica money
order, express or personal check on your
oena. oiampa, coin or currency are
at ewner's risk. Oive postoffice address In
inciuuing county aud state.
i-oiage Kales 1 to 16 pages. 1 cent; 18
so -z puuos. i cents; 34 to 4t pages. S cents;
oo lu 04 pages. 4 cents; 6tf to 60 pages, D
"uu - o pages, e cents, o-r.jn
- uuuuw rate.
lln, 1-iunswick bu iding. New York; Verree
m wimiin, etegrr ouilding, Chicago; Verree
fn k Press building, Detroit,
Alien. San r'rauusco representative, R. J.
J id well
The Interstate bridge is a profit
making institution. The present law
requires the profits to be set aside
for upkeep and reconstruction. Prior
to enactment of the present law the
state advanced certain interest on
the bridge bonds with the require
ment that It should be repaid from
the tolls. Itot all of the sum due the
state has been refunded. The neces
ea ry money has been available but a
part of it has been diverted to pay
ment of construction costs of the
county hospital.
Presumably this diversion is hut a
loan it will be repaid to the bridge
fund from taxes collected this year
for county hospital purposes. But a
part of the sum diverted was not the
county's. It belonged to the state of
Oregon. The part that belonged to
the county could have been deposited
at interest. The funds have been
Juggled in behalf of an extravagant
hospital undertaking.
It is the plaip duty of the legisla
ture to make a disposal of the bridge
profitst, that will be inelastic. It is
needless to create a fund for recon
struction purposes if it be assumed
that the bridge commission is a com
petent body. Bridge engineers are
agreed that If a steel bridge is
painted at necessary intervals and
minor replacements are made from
time to time, its life 'cannot be meas
. vred in terms of years. It is a per
manent structure, provided only it la
not required to carry a volume of
traffic in excess of that which it was
designed to carry. The Burnside
bridge is nearing its term of useful
ness because it has carried excessive
loads. The main trouble with the
llorrison bridge is probably neglect.
It is the desire of every one that
the Interstate bridge be made a free
bridge. If tolls are properly con
served and properly applied the day
of the free bridge will be greatly
hastened. Payment out of the bridge
tells of salaries to commissioners and
district attorney and employment of
a special bridge auditor are imposi
tions. Possibility of jugglery or di
version of the profits ought to be
ended. The place for them Is In a
special fund invested in municipal,
highway, or school district bonds
that yield a fair interest, or used to
buy up bridge bonds at par or less
if that be possible. When this fund
is sufficient to retire the bonds the
tolls can consistently be abolished. If
It is not possible to buy up the bonds
the money will be at hand and
drawing interest meanwhile to pay
- them as they become due.
Bridge tolls have no place In
modern progress. They are archaic.
Commerce with the connected dis
tricts cries out against them. Make it
a free bridge at the earliest moment.
The city commission determines
the amount of money it will spend
and levies its taxes accordingly. The
county commission, the school board,
the port commission, and all the
others do the same thing. The only
limitation upon them is the respec
tive consciences of the individual
members of the various tax-levying
and tax-spending bodies, except that
the constitution prohibits the levy
and expenditure of a greater sum in
any year than an Increase of 6 per
cent over the previous year, and ex
cept also the 8-mill maximum im
posed on the city of Portland.
The state has a different method.
The legislature appropriates and the
administrative departments disburse.
They must make up their budgets
and ask for what they want: and
they get what the legislature gives.
But In Portland the council and
the others ask themselves for public
moneys and grant themselves what
they see fit to grant within the lim
its mentioned.
State taxes have grown more
slowly in the past decade than the
taxes for. the city of Portland, the
school district of Portland, or the
county of Multnomah.
Tet there is a wild outcry from
Portland office-holders against any
review by any authority over any
one of the eighty-odd tax-levying di
visions and subdivisions of city and
The legislature knows what the of
fice-holders think. If it has- any
doubt about what the people think
let it submit to a referendum the
Gordon tax-conservation bill.
value of its money, thus acquire
ability to buy more and produce
more until, if it stops the printing
presses, its money may rise to par.
That means perfect confidence that
the promise of goods will be kept.
All the schemes of the war finance
corporation, the foreign trade cor
poration and the Brussels confer
ence to extend credit to Europe in
this country are simply schemes to
bridge the gap in money values in
order to hasten production in coun
in April, 1904, to the conclusion of the j NAME GIVES WRONG IMPRESSION !
entente corcr.ale.
, He acted for France also in the
transactions ten years later which
ripened the entente into an alliance
for war. He was kept in suspense
during the first three days of Au
gust, 1914, memorable for the dec
larations of war by Germany on
Russia and France and by the Ger
man invasion of Belgium and Lux
emburg. Strong British business in
fluence worked for neutrality, and
tries which -have tflo much money August 1 Grey told him "the gov
but too few goods. . They will also
increase production in America by
enlarging Europe' capacity to buy
in this country. They will pave the
road back to normalcy.
ernment had not been able to decide
upon Intervention." Cambon re-r
plied, "I could not and would not
tell my government that," and re
called all that France had done "to
But behind all the learned discus- avoid any appearance of provoca-
sions of economics and finance, with tion." He reminded Grey that
all their allusions to budgets, war France, in reliance on British naval
debts, currency, war waste, repara
tions and reconstruction stands the
one good old Anxlo-Saxon word
aid, had concentrated its fjeet in the
Mediterranean so as to release the
British fleet for concentration in the
North sea, "so that if the German
fleet sweeps down the channel iand
destroys Calais, Boulogne and Cher
bourg there can be no resistance."
By refusing to increase its mem- After tnl3 he
Dersnip tne nouse or representatives you tell me that your government can-
h r1rlraA fr mimil c a toam n - not decide upon Intervention. How can
1 T send euch a meflnra? It would fill
ship as against gratification of state Prance with rage and Indignation. My
pride. The house has grown until it
has become unwieldy, and has per
ceptibly lost Influence lu the govern
ment by comparison with the presi-
The democratic yarn about a split
In the republican. party was to have
been expected, ' though premature.
About the only comfort that a party
can derive from such a defeat as the
democracy has Just experienced is to
discover or cause division among the
victors, but it should at least wait
till the republicans have taken con
trol of the government.;
There will naturally be difference
of opinion in the republican party,
for it is impossible that any great
party can remain of one mind on
every subject unless it has a single
track mind. Even the democracy
under the masterful leadership of
President Wilson split on the canal
tolls bill, and so many democratic
senators deserted their leader on the
league that ratification with reserva
tlons came within Aeven votes of
winning by a two-thirds majority.
The republicans have a great ma
jority in both houses and, as a rule,
the greater the majority, the more
easily it splits. . But President-elect
Harding has great qualities as a har
monizer and can be trusted to act as
a leader, not a driver. Under his
guidance there is a better, prospect
than usual that substantial unity of
the majority will be preserved. There
may be some who will refuse to be
reconciled, but they are an inevitable
Incident of politics which must be
endured and. unless they voice some
genuine and general public demand,
they will be few. Some men straggle
from the ranks of every party as
from those of an army.
Demand of the public health serv
ice on congress for an appropriation
of 335,000 to be used In combating
spread of bubonic plague to this
country is based oo information that
health conditions in Europe are pe
culiarly menacing as the consequence
of breaking down of local authority
there. Measures that might reason
ably be expected to check an epi
demic in its incipiency cannot be re-
lied on In regions, particularly in
central Europe, in which respect for
government is at low ebb. The public
health service also believes that
foreigners In these countries do not
have access to all the facts, and it
desires to be fully forearmed.
Undoubtedly this plague, which
was the "black death" of the middle
&C2, 111X3 ISUCCU U1UI3 UCCLC119 111U.11
any other single disease occurring
In epidemic form. A noteworthy
period was that between 1334 and
aooi, wnen it spread irom tjnina
through India, Persia, Germany,
Italy, France and England. Thirty
similar epidemics occurred in the
ensuing two centuries. There was a
recurrence In 1770 and 1771, in
which 86,000 died in Marseilles and
80,000 In Moscow alone, these being
rJnly two of many cities that suf
fered heavily. Constantinople lost
idu.uuu or its population in ioU3, and
prontea so utile Dy tne terriDie les-
Knn thnr 110.000 rliprl when tha
juague revisueu tne cuy in loio,
Subsidence in civilized countries,
which have been relatively free from
the peril for almost a century, has
been traced to preventive measures
made possible by highly organized
government. When two well au
thenticated cases entered this coun
try at the port of New York In 1899,
they were detected in time and fur
ther spread was prevented, and
similarly in San Francisco in the
following year the disease was con
fined to the Chinese section, where
the forty-two deaths that resulted
probably were chiefly due to secrecy
maintained by ignorant victims.
Strict quarantine . and rat exter
mination, however, saved the white
population from what might have
been a tragic visitation. 1
The Idea of the public health
service is that an Vunce of preven
tion is worth more than a pound of
cure in matters of this kind. The
method of campaign is well under
stood and standardized, but depends
for Its efficacy on thoroughness fol
lowing prompt detection. The fact
that the plague does not usually
manifest itself in human beings un
til the rodent population has been
affected1 for some time gives a pos
sibility of warning where health
nuthorltlea art vigilant, and it also
While the fall in prices, reduction
in wages, lull In industry and in
crease of unemployment are bewailed
by many people, some at least of
whom were bewailing the upward
trend of things a year and more ago.
they may find comfort in the defini
tion of this condition by Harvey's
Weekly as "a prelude to prosperity."
The prosperity that accompanies
such high prices and high wages, as
we have had resembles the high
spirits which in pre-prohibition days
accompanied a "jag." It is always
followed by a period of depression.
and this in turn, if we do not go on
another artificial prosperity jag, will
be followed by real, healthy pros
perity which will last.
As everything that goes up must
come down, the prices and wages of
war-time had to come down, and
somebody is sure to be hurt in the
fall, which is euphemistically called
readjustment. Men who bought dear
find themselves forced to sell cheap,
and they give ground grudgingly and
rebelliously. They are the ones who
emit the loudest lamentations, for
getting that, if they take into ac
count past profits with present
losses, they have not done badly in
the general result. When they have
recovered from the Jar caused by re
turn to normalcy, they. will have
normal profits and wages. Measur
ing these by the prices they pay for
what they consume and measuring
the amount they save by its pur
chasing power, they will probably
find, themselves Just as well off in
the end as they were in the times
of wild exhilaration that are past-
One chief cause of the painful ex
perience through which we are pass
ing is a mistaken idea of what money
is. A vague impression prevails that
when prices rise, the remedy Is to
print more paper money. In fact
these pieces of paper that we call
money are promises to pay in goods
produced. If we increase the amount
of money, we should increase pro
duction of goods in proportion in or
der to keep these promises, other
wise confidence In our ability and in
tent to keep them diminishes, more
money is required to buy a given
amount of goods, prices go up and
nobody Is better off. Austria has
discovered that. The normal value
of the krone Is 20'A cents, but Aus
tria has manufactured more money
while actually producing less goods I
until the krone is now worth only
cent. The people are swamped with
money, but they are starving.
Depreciation of European money
Is one chief cause of the present de
pression. So much of that money
is needed to buy a dollar's worth olH
American goods that Europe has re
duced its purchases, is therefore
short of American material to make
more goods, our exports fall off, our
factories go on short time and, sup
ply exceeding demand, prices fall.
Europe is then unable to produce
more goods wnich would restore the
value of its money. The world is
caught in another vicious circle
created by the disparity between out
put of goods and output of money.
Fall of prices in tnis country win
help us to escape from this circle, for
It will narrow the gap between the
value of American and European
money, thereby making it easier for
Europe to buy what .it wants in or
der to produce more goods, raise the
people would say you have betrayed us.
la not possible.
On the evening of August S Grey
gave him tne assurance tnat tne
British fleet would' protect our un
dent and senate. Though the taxing guarded northern coast," and Cam-
and spending power is reposed In it Don "felt that he was with us at
by being subject to its Initiative, its heart," Asquith and Churchill, too.
control has diminished, the senate I but he was still tortured with doubt
has had free rein In increasing ap- I whether they could "carry with them
proprlations and the executive has their colleagues, and could they
been unrestrained in expenditure, be- I command the support of the house
cause of this loss of influence. of commons?" He said: "It was not
It stands to reason that, as the untn Grey spoke in the house of
number of members has g.-own, its J commons on the afternoon of Mon
power and sense of responsibility fi.y. August 3. that we could
have been divided into mailer parts breathe."
until a feeling of irresponsibility per- Without doubt the decision which,
vades the mass of the memhers, and followed by the Intervention of Italy,
each member's efforts turn more to I enabled France to hold Germany at
getting something for his own dis- bav ti1 tnB United States turned the
trict and state with less regard to scaa was due in large degree Xo the
tee interests or tne wnoie nation. work which Cambon had done dur-
It being impracticable for a body ine hifl twenty-two years of contln-
Those Who Come and Go.
Sandy Boulevard Give One tke Idea
of Sand, says Writer.
PORTLAND, Jan. 21. (To the Edl- "The prices are so high in Alaska
tor.) I have read with interest the now that I had to come back to Ore-
discussioos recently published setting g0a tor a while until things settle
forth In letters from the people their down," said T.-C. McNamer yesterday
views relative to the change of name at the Perkins. Mr. McNamer was
of Sandy boulevard to one which is born In Oregon and spent the early
more eignificant;' ' part of his life in and near Forest
In keeping with the Idea of plant- Grove. In 1897 he caught the gold
ing roses along the entire length. I '9ver ' wen' to Alaska. He has
.. ... . .. . .. - .. been mininsr there ever since. He
J J t v ,7 de trip, back to Oregon,
name should be changed to "Rose," f but vesterday was the first time he
which will be more appropriate and had been here in ten years. "Gold
descriptive. The word "Rose' sug- mining In Alaska now Is not what it
gests. something beautiful, while
"Sandy" suggests the opposite. The
writer will venture to say that the
average stranger or visitor n our
city, when he first hears of Sandy
boulevard will think of it as being a
drive leading through a tract of land
used to be." he said. "Gold lsn f
worth 40 cents on the dollar now,
with flour in Alaska $24 a hundred
pounds, bacon and ham 90 cents
pound and everything else on a pro
portionate basis. I have minea on
the same creek for the past 20 years.
I use an automatic dam, which lets
oonsistlnir of Rand and rocks, thereby I tlrrouirh Just as much water as I de
sire." Mr. McNamer nas naa me
distressine experience of being
mourned as dead, when he was really
veTy much alive. In 1899 he was in
a scow with his brother ana tne
mounted police reported that the boat
had been caught in an ice Jam. in
reality, the scow had Just missed the
SI ...
Jam and had skirted one ot tne is
lands. It was montns Deiore mo
brothers got word to their relatives
here that they were eafe.
Prominent lumbermen of the state
arrived in Portland yesterday to Join
in entertaining the two parties or
of 435 members to gather informa
tion and draft bills, this duty is en
trusted to committees, and the house
merely passes finally on their work,
uous service. The alliance was
brought about by this man working
with others constantly for a single
purpose. If France had changed
As the committeemen are thus best ambassadors every few years, there
informed, other members are "placed wou,j have been breaks in the con
at a disadvantage in criticizing its fcnulty of the worit 0f allaying en-
woric ana, unless some oi mem iiave mity a n d cultivating friendship,
made special study of the subject, thare woum not have been that per-
tne cm is lmeiy 10 pass suDsianuany 80nal- regard ana confidence which
as tne committee reports it, esje- mn.t vavB heloerl Cambon to re-
cially as members are dispose-! to friction, new Quarrels might
stand by the party organization,
The result is that powers of legisla
tion are practically delegated to
committees, and the house degener-
have arisen, and when the crisis
came the two nations might - not
have been ready to Join forces,
What Cambon achieved, from
ates Into a body dominated by a few averting war over Fashoda to con
members or tne controlling party, -lirnTriotinn nf th alliance, illus
while tha others are little better than ,, K (, ,0 Irnoca in
ciphers. Members incline less to Amer.can policy. We have no con-
lniorm meoiseives oil ouujotia ui .. ri nnlir-ir wrilr-h wnliM
legislation ana to term nrunu y'eBO permit one man to serve unlnter
of national policy, and the house rUpteaiy as ambassador to one coun-
loses much or us representative try tnrough all tne changes of ad-
cnaracter. i ministration that In twenty-
bo long as ail tne states are rep- , var w havp no dlnlomatic
resentea in me same ratio to tneir corp3 which remains in service with
populatlon, it matters little to them out regarfI t0 those changes. Dur
whether the total number be large , th f. t VR of tn. when
or small; each has its proportionate
voice In national legislation. Then
loss of members by some states will
diminish their weight no more than
would retention of the present num.
ber in an enlarged house. A large
we needed a man- at fans wno
knew the ropes, Herrick was re
placed by Sharp, and Sharp has
since been replaced byWallace. The
time may come when we shall need
at some great capital a man of
part of the power and prestige of the (-.. y,-.,- ,n Bnr Pxriori.
senate as compareu m iiio ence in order to carry us through
is aue to tne iact mat .nas oniy such a.crisls as that of m4,
ninety-six znemDers as asaiii&i. ou
essV Ton -n nety-sUth oFtSe power, "Free -eds" means a dozen little
. . . I nar-lfAtn thnt U'nllM Cost, thft bllVfir
and there is far greater rreeaom or -""" " . , , " .t
. mZr.-,r,a. th wo-ir r about 30 cents at a dealer's or at the
committees than is possible in fh'tt,
the government for nothing, with
compliments of ft congressman. Yet
the Job costs nearly a quarter-mil
lion annually.
By deciding not to enlarge its
membership the house has displayed
a return to sanity which forecasts a
greater regard for the general as
rnmra-rA with the local interest
t,.n ,, mnrkerl ita Tirocfierlintrs in Nowadays when UreeK meets
the last eight years. Its decision is Greek they talk about nothing but
tnr thniu momhfira. like Constantine and Venizelos and, if
Representative McArthur, who have they happen to be emigrating to
fought against repetition of the cus- America, they have a continuous
tm rniinn.-r1 In fnrmpr census vears trans-Atlantic debate. These are
of adding members lest some states pleasant days In Greece,
lose some.
Lenine should not be so hard on
j capital now that he and his associ
ates have cornered about all of it
that remains in Russia. But then
we are told that he is an idealist, and
idealists are always superior to ma
terial considerations.
getting the wrong idea. When people
all over the country, who have, vis
ited Portland, Or., are talking about
its attractions, they will very likely
Include the wide thoroughfare in
question with Its roses. In connection
with the trip over the famous scenic
Columbia river highway, and just as
soon as "Rose boulevard Is men
tloned It arouses the thought of
broad, beautiful avenue.
Of the three names "Rose boule
vard," "Roseway" and "Highway
boulevard'V rjronosed for the change,
I consider the first the most distinc
tive artii Koct Tha latter TIB rt of the
second name, "Roseway," may signify lumbermen who will be here today.
a broad street and again It may mean The two groups are composed of 50
Just a path, an alley, or narrow drive, representatives of the American Wood
When "way" is used as part of the Preservers' association and the Ka
name of an important avenue there Is tlonal Tie Producers' association and
generally another word In tne name about 85 members or tne mountain
which sufficiently qualifies the States Lumber Dealers' association.
meaninc. The present "Sandy boule- The West Coast Lumbermen s asso
vard" belna- 80 feet wide is a com- i ciation will entertain in tneir nonor
parative broad important artery for with a dinner at the" Portland hotel
I travel, and it is Justly entitled to the tonight. Among the Oregon lumber-
more significant name "boulevard, men here are A. D. Calkins of liu
especially when the roses arranged eene and S. R. Norgren of Clatskanie,
for are planted along its border. at the Perkins: C. H. Watzek of
"Hiehway boulevard" was advanced Wauna. at the Portland, and C. E.
by one writer, who suggested that Hawkins of Newport at the Imperial,
both East Broadway ana oanny Bou
levard could be Included under the f jwo government boats will soon be
name, but. this arrangement wouiu ln operation in Alaskan waters to
be confusing. Besides, tnere are hep la tho transporting of timber,
other Important Btreets leading out (jeorge H. Cecil, district forester, re
through the city toward the Colum- turned to Portland yesterday from a
Ma highway. I short trip to Seattle. While there he
Being a resident aions m-" inspected these two boats, tne tiia
street, I am very much Interested in watha and the Weepoose. They
triving it the best name. Moreover, hHV. h..n , Seattle for two months
aside from believing that "Rose bou- bein, reDaired and fitted up for for-
lavaril" is the best name proposed. It f aarvs. ,r,ri, nv were hrouht
would be a compromise name for all j throug.n tne panama canal from
the others advocated. Including the TamDa. Fla.. by the navy department
present name. .tt-.t " land turned over by the government
AN l.NTtitiSi to the forest service. Increased ac
tlvity In Alaskan forests is expected
. v r-irir tnn Mini anviCE this year. The boats will be taken to
i.w., i. J ,. ,U1 V, .
Widow, After Heeding Others' Sug
gestions, Decides to Please Herself.
PORTLAND, Jan. 21. (To the Ed
Itor.) The "Eves" and "Adams" nave
had their say, with more or less In-
Ketchikan and later one will be sent
to Cordova-
Crop prospects in our part of the
country are best ever, said L. A.
Duncan of The Dalles, who is known
to hifl friends as a "real booster." Mr.
t on, . widow who has "U"01" reports mat tne cnamuer ui
passed through all the suffering 0f homme,rce ln Tne Da 1Ies ls mai?s
t h n T . I drive for new members and that an
the DereaVea. I nrrtirramma fa haino- nlnnnpH
I was elven much advice, some :?'v" , " r . " " ,"f1 " ."
ranted me to go to the "old people's Ior " are raising
ome" and a'dded the comforting -yJ Pt
surance that when one went to an
old people's home the average lire
was supposed to end in three years!
I had no ambition to settle down' In
such a way. No indeed!
I was asked so often my age that
I covenanted with myself to tell it
no more forever." Then I was urged
to sell my home. As I had no heirs
It would be fine to sell.
After it was sold then what! I had
to hunt ud rooming houses with
some real plans this year," he says.
'We are planning a large meeting for
Thursday." Mr. Duncan is here to at
tend the Shrine ceremonials to be
held tonight. He says that 40 or 60
Shriners from Wasco county will be
here for the occasion,
Morrow Complalpt Suggests Abolish
ment of Valley Forge From Annals.
PORTLAND. Jan. 21. (To the Edl
tor.) The complaint of Morrow
county ln regard to the recent Addl
son Bennett article has opened up a
new line of thought. Applying the
objectors' argument to the history of
the 13 colonies, ls it not possible that
historians have dwelt too strongly
upon the hardships of our forefathers?
Would It not have been better to
depict only the pleasant things, such
as the harvesting of the crops (when
plentiful), the husking- bees, the
Thanksgiving and Yuletlde celebra
tions, and so on, and omit the stories
of the Indian massacres, the long,
severe winters, the drouths and
storms and other factors that de
veloped their sturdy fiber? Have we
not been mistaken in our Impression
that their trials and hardships had
mucn to do with making them men
and women of such splendid char
acter? It is truth, you say, that makes
history? And the way they meet and
overcome their difficulties that shows
the stuff of which people are made?
Nevertheless, could not the harrowing
details be left to the imagination?
How much pleasanter reading colo
nial history would be were these
omitted! Who wants to know about
such common things as the swing and
ring of the ax in the wilderness, the
building- of cabins and stockades, the
clearing of land and the primitive
planting and harvesting, punctuated
by the whizz of the arrow and the
report of the flint-lock? Who cares
to dwell on the thought of cold,
hunger and pestilence? Imagine the
av'dlty with which students of his
tory would follow the fortunes of
Washington's army if the historians
had left out those distressing details
about his barefoot soldiers at Valley
Forge, the crossing of the Delaware
amid cakes of ice and all that!
By all means let u ohnlich ih...
gloomy annals and have a history
written that will describe only the
bright spots the rich soil, the har
insst festivals, the Joy of davs spent
in the open in the bright
in the deep, cool forests, the eve
nings within the rude but comfortable
log cabins before a treat rnarino- rir
with the big- iron pot sinzinir on the
crane. These, after all. an th. ih;.n.
that make a country great. What? "I
Bonos Legislation Not Determined.
PORTLAND. Jan. 20. (To th V..U.
tor.) Can you tell
the farn. loan till
legislature will be to ex-servir-o mn
who wish to take up homesteads? As
i unaerstand It, the bill doesn't cover
homesteads, so that leaves a great
many of us out When this land was
opened we were told to take it, but,
when we go to file on it we find we
haven't the money, nor can we bor
row It.
Now I am not looking for charity,
all I ask Is a chance.
The bill Is but one of several In
prospect. It is not indicated what
form of bonus legislation will be
given final consideration.
More Truth Than Po'etry.
By James J. Montague.
The grasshopper sings through the
long summer days.
No arduous labor does he;
He foolishly follows frivolity's ways
In reckless and sensuous glee.
He never lays up any chow In his lair
On which to subsist when the mead
ows are bare.
And all the moralists lrudly declare
How shortly a corpse he will be.
The ant labors hard every day ln the
He stores, in his hole In the ground,
Provisions to feed on when breezes
blow bleak,
And the wolf and the winter come
He never sits round with a girl on
his knee
Or bucks the roulette whe.el or goes
on a spree.
And all of the moralists freely agree
That his methods are proper and
You'd think that the grasshopper's
fondness for fun
And his silly addiction to mirth
Vt'ouftl presently banish the son of a
From his soft little place on the
You'd think that the ant who employs
all his hours
In enhancing his native acquisitive
Would rest. In old age. In the fairest
of bowers
As the righteous reward of his
Yet grasshoppers swarm from the
north every year
And feast on the ripening grain;
They eat every blade, every leaf.
every spear
A cain and aeain and again.
While the ants have to work or they
don't get along
Which seems to establish that some
thing is wrong.
You may know the moral of this
little song
To me It ls not very plain!
s s
But You Never Can Tell.
Doubtless Sir. Harding would offer
cabinet position to a lot of gentlemen
If he was sure they would refuse to
As Vsual.
The people who re yelllnjr the
loudest about hard times are the peo
ple who have had to reduce their
profits to about 500 per cent.
s s
Not So Blue Now.
The blue law people seem to be
running out of their blue vitriol.
(Copyright, 1921. by the Bell Syndi
cate. Inc.)
Forty representatives of the Bank
ers' Life company of Des Moines, la.
from Pacific coast and eastern states,
registered at the Multnomah yester
day for the two-day sessions to be
weary months of widowhood that 1 1 states, is here" from Des Moine
was getting "too old" for this and Among the prominent representativ,
various experiences, conrronung nigu held nere George Kuhns, president
prices and many inconveniences. f ,h comDany. who ls known as one
I had been made to feel in my P th . 9;im in th United
rr tha Ti r- A m I n o... , ,- r ra a a r t a , I v n a
that, une even oarea to say i oaa ... . F Smltn of San Francisco. A
lived to be old enougn to aie tne c jn of Chicago. C. L. Brown of
brute! v I Seattla and B. Houston and B. Mills
No one has to wait on me; I can n r)fif, Majnea. Some of the men
walk 50 blocks any day when It is brought their wives with them. The
fair. I Orec-on aerencv has charce of the ar-
NOW "me for hOU-Se hunting. I I mncrompnts of tho nrocrramma and
snail Duy a comionaoie numo large
Retirement of Paul Cambon as
French ambassador to London ends
a diplomatic career that is remark
able for the long term of service at
one post and for the influence which
Cambon exercised on Anglo-Freuch
relations during the mtat momen
tous period of their recent joint his
tory. While French cabinets rose
The OregOnian by error yesterday
credited to Senator Bell authorship
of the bill to relieve circuit judges of
and 'fell every few months, Cambon the duty of reading to all grand
juries the text of the statutes on libel
and prize-fighting. The author is
Senator Ellis.
A news item says that Seattle has
revived boxing. After all, that seems
le only way left to settle the con
troversy over what's to be done with
her celebrated municipal car lines.
A dispatch says the kaiser is
thinking of going to South America
to live. He has his geography
mixed. Guatemala is the only coun
try that has no extradition treaty.
remained at his post for twenty-two
jears. His mission began in 1898,
when the two nations were on the
vprirn of war. and it ends when thev
have foueht anl won as allies and The home that is acquired by con
when they are bound together by stant savings is held by the fortunate of mutual Interest and comrade- possessor as an asset- A nome ac
shiD which seem destined to last in- quired by a J'lift" ls not so cherished.
definitely. That which comes easy often goes
The work of Cambon had a de- j that way.
cisive . influence- on the history of
war, for he was one of the group of if Armour & Co. continue to make
statesmen which adjusted all dis- I such 'poor showings as they did in
putes, arranged the entente, brought l 1920, it 'will become necessary for
Britain and Ruscia together and saw Herbert Hoover to start a drive for
the fruits of their work when France their relief, lest our beef barons
and Britain fought eside by side starve.
through more than four years of as
terrible war as the world has seen,
His mission began when relations
were at the worst, for Captain
Marchand's expedition had camped
at Fashoda in the Egyptian Soudan
and his interview with Kitchener
had barely averted armed conflict.
At that inauspicious stage Cambon
began his efforts to draw th? two
nations together. A writer for the
London Times quotes him as having
said that in the spring of 1899 after
Pnmhnn nnrl T.orrl Salisbury hail
arm need a settlement of the The scouring plant to be estab
Fashoda affair and the whole north lished by the big wool warehouse
Afrir-an nnostion. ho RiiEre-esterl that concern means a lot to tne Dusiness.
there were several other matters The eastern Oregon grower has long
which might be settled in an equally been paying ireignt on (un
friendly spirit." Salisbury objected
that French governments were too An Alabama man was kicked on
shortlived and said: "No, we must the jaw by a mule without appre
wait a bit." A few months later the ciable effect except to break the
Boer war broke out and the French mule's hind leg. He ought to take
people were seized with a pro-Boer I on Jack Dempsey next.
frenzy, which would have seemed to
render war certain on the slightest A Wisconsin jail has been sold
pretext. t t I after thirty years of use. This looks
ut, when that war was at its nke an act of unwarranted optimism,
worst ln 1900, Lansdowne succeeded judging from Wisconsin's record of
Salisbury, ana wmDon suggested I the past few years.
tne BUDjects on wnicn ce woum line
an agreement and summed them up
in a letter. Next day he sat next to
King Edward at dinner and the king
said: .
Lansdowne has shown na your letter.
It is excellent, you must so on. 1 have
toid ths prlnes of wales about It You
must discuss It also with him.
After dinner the prince, now King
George, said: "What a good thing it
would be if we couM have a general
agreement." Cambon said to the
Charles H. Demorest, concert or
ganist, who ls touring the northwest
and playing with symphony orches
tras, will arrive in Portland this
morning. Mr. Demorest will be solo
ist with the Portland symphony or
needs to be lonely when one has a chestra tomorrow afternoon at the
cultivated mind and forgets oneself, public auditorium. He is considered
by adding to the joy or comfort of one of the best oreanists In the United
otners. States. He has a larg followms in
vve get out 01 me just, about wnat California
we put into it.
enough for myself and an occasional
friend. I will paddle my own canoe
and ask the advice of no one. Listen-
ng too much to others came near
being my undoing.
I can paint, sing or read for the
entertainment of friends. No one
Remarkable Arrest by Police,
PORTLAND, Jan. 21. (To the Ed
itor.) We have Just discovered the
police department in a new role. In
one of our daily newspapers there
appears an article under the caption,
"Police Catch Forger Former Prison
Inmate Smiles When Taken to Jail.'
The article dweljs In length on the
capture ol Dr. Frank Wood, ex-con-
vict and graduate physician. Fol-
"There will be no more fights be
tween the commercial and sportsmen's
interests if the new game code
passes, said A. E. Burghuuff, state
game warden, yesterday on his 'return
from Salem. "We want to put a stop
to the prevalent idea that the men
tion of the 'state fish and game com
mission' should bring with it the idea
of contention,
Mrs. Ethel Irish, national president
of the Ladies of the Grand Army of
Only Residents Are Eligible.
ROC KA W AY, Or., Jan. 20. (To the
Editor.) Please advise me if I'm en
titled to the bonus given by the state
of Washington, havinsr enlisted in So.
attle in 1317? My home being in South
The Washington law grants bonuses
only to men who were bonafide resi
dents of the state at the time of en
listment Perhaps yeu come under
the South Dakota bonus law. Write
to the secretary of state, Pierre, S. D.
Committee of 100.
CORVALLIS, Or., Jan. 20. (To the
Editor.) How did the 'committee of
100" on the Irish question originate
and who are the officials of that
committee? a. F.
It was conceived and called to
gether by The Nation, a New York
magazine, published by Oswald Gar
riso'n Villard. Press dispatches have
not given the names of officers
chosen by the committee.
In Other Days.
Charles fc. Hughes' Church.
PORTLAND, Jan. 21. (To the Edi
tor.) Kindly state the religious faith
of Charles E. Hughes, former candi
date for president of the United
Twenty-Five Years Ago.
From The Oregonlan of Jan. 22, 1SO0.
Washington There seems to be
slight doubt that congress will grant
the Pacific Cable company a franchise
to lay a cable from the Pacific coast
to the Hawaiian islands and Japan.
The county court has sent a circu
lar letters to attorneys asking their
opinion of the suggestion of abolish
ing one of the two Justices' courts of
the city.
R. C. Stevens, general western pas
senger agent of the Great Northern,
arrived in the city yesterday with
the report that all of his company's
lines are now clear of snow.
The school board, it is g-enerally
understood, will probably reduce the
pay of all city school teachers at Its
meeting tomorrow. In accordance
with the expressed desire of the board
to retrench.
Fifty Years Abo.
From The Orntfonlan of Jan. 22, 1871.
News has been received In Port
land that Congressman Smith has In
troduced a bill to Improve the Colum
bia river from Celilo to the mouth of
the Snake river. .
There Is a great number of Idle
men in the city, due to the fact that
the railroad recently discharged many
of its employes.
Republicans of the coast have
formed a combination to force Sen
ator Williams of Oregon into the
lowing along the nicely pffraser para- the Republic, arrived ln Portland last
graphs we note:
"When sleuths told the landlady
they were there to arrest her rumor.
the proprietress objected.
It's the first time In the history of
the police department that we have
known of that branch of the mimici-
pal government lending their efforts
to arresting rumors. If they can
successfully arrest a rumor, why
can't they arrest a shadow ?
Lawyer's Advice Reeded.
PORTLAND, Jan. 21. (To the Ed
itor.) A rents a ranch, paying a big
rental. A's wife puts JuOO into ranch,
also does a man's work on ranch.
At end of year prices have dropped
till crop will not pay expenses unless
all equipment ls turned back, as A
had bought this at the time ranch
was rented.
Owner now claims all crop, all out
standing money and small amount A
has ln bank. Also orders A off two
months before time ls np. Can A's
wife claim her $500, also wages, and
to whom shall she go for advice?
You need a lawyer's advice. The
Oregonian cannot undertake to pass
on the terms and fulfillment of a
Secretary Wilson stands by Assis
tant Secretary Post in his deporta
tion policy. - He could not do other
wise and keep his assistant in the
Origin of Opera Carmen,
PORTLAND, Jan. 21. (To the Edi
tor.) Was the opera "Carmen" taken
from, or suggested by, some book?
If so what one? A READER.
The opera ls founded on a story by
Prosper Merimee, French author.
archaeologist, historian and literary
The boxing match caught 'em, I critic. The story was first published
Thus begaa the conversations which led I after all, . 1 in 1817, , .
'British dominate marine," says
a headline, isut no one nas yet
dared to Intimate that they dominate
the marines.
When Grandchild Shares In Property.
(To the Editor.) To 6ettle a legal
discussion, supposing a woman dies,
leaving a husband and little child.
Later the parents of the woman die.
Does the child or husband receive
what would be the mother's share in
1 ..t.fn n- H , iia 1 all trn
to her ssters and' brothers. ifaviSg a".e"t.h V?0
the child and husband out T sklw. D p. FulVer-
ton, N. Wigton, and C. E. Fleager,
The child of the deceased child of They are at the Portland.
an intestate Inherits by jlg-ht of rep-
night. Her home is ln Fon du Lac,
Wis. She ls touring the United States
and visiting all the local chapters.
An informal reception will be given
in her honor tonight at the Imperial
Miss Rhoda Carmichael, one of the
national secretaries of the Young
Women's Christian association, is
here for a few days. She is ln charge
of the division of work known as
'special gifts." She is meeting girls
it the association headquarters and
discussing problems with them. ,
Fritz Zimmerman of New York,
Swiss yodeler. tenor and folk einger,
who will appear in concert at tho
auditorium Sunday night, arrived at
the Multnomah yesterday. He is ac
companied by his wife, Marcella
Grandvoll. They will sing under the
auspices of the Swiss Singing club of
this city.
R. D. Brown of Seattle is one of
the Washington state lumbermen
here for today's assemblage in honor
of eastern guests. He is at the Port
land. Another Washington lumber
man here is A R. Lundeen of Mount j
Solo, AVash. He has brought his wife
with him and they are at the Seward.
Hazel Hicks has cotae to Portland
for the week-end from Oregon Agri
cultural college. She distinguished
herself here as a fancy diver and
swimmer for the Multnomah Amateur
Athletic club. She is one of the ac
complished women athletes who have
brought fame to Portland. She is at
the Multnomah.
Six men are here from Eugene to
ressntation together with the other
children of the intestate. The hus
band of the deceased child inherits
Jtfrs. Charles Umbach of Lakeview,
worthy grand matron of the Order
of the Eastern Star, is in Portland
for the week-end to attend tonight's
Eastern Star meeting..
Battle of Terktowa,
LA GRANDE, Or., Jan. 20. (To
the Editor.) 1. Please advise where
the battle of Yorktown was fought.
2. Also the population of the city of
Portland, Or. A SUBSCRIBER.
1. At Yorktown, Va, 70 miles
southeast of Richmond.
2. According to- 1920 census, 258.
2S. ,., 1
Agates A World Industry That
Thrives in Portland
No stone of the many that men prize, though others are far more
costly over the j'ewelry counter, possesses the colorful variation of
the ag-ate or lends itself to such diversity of treatment for orna
mentation. In the Sunday issue, with several illustrations of his
theme, De Witt Harry chats of the agates of Oregon, of their quest,
of their infinite variety, and of the skilled craftsmen who cut and
polish the whimsical, fay-like beauty of the stones until each char
acteristic for all are different stands luminously forth. A good
story, well told.
Splitting Rainbow Colors to Cure Disease Whatever your pet
ailment may be the chances are nay, the certainty is say scientists
maleficent vibrations brought it into being, and that the correspond
ing vibration of certain colors, when applied in color-therapy, will
effect or hasten a cure. We know but little of color, the strange
manifestation of light on substance, and in this new treatment
science is grouping toward an understanding of the mighty principles
that lie hidden in the spectrum. Told in the Sunday magazine, by
Joseph W. Appelgate.
Secretary Meredith Tells Some Miracle Stories He who touches
dross and transmutes it to wealth is the modern wizard and, like
the alchemists of old, he reads the amazing riddle in a laboratory.
In the Sunday issue the secretary of agriculture holds interesting
discussion with an interviewer, wherein he sets forth some few of
the tricks of white magic that Uncle Sam has summoned to swell
the farm returns. Corncobs become a product worth $17 per pound,
and the motors of tomorrow will hum with fuel energy derived from
straw. A great deal of self-sacrifice goes into this unheralded work
for the common cause and appreciation will follow the reading of
this epecial Sunday feature.
The Short Story Series In tomorrow's big issue the Sunday
editor presents the first of a series of hitherto unpublished short
stories, by widely known American writers. This one is "Mary Is
Here," by Fanny Heaslip Lea a narrative of love and psychic
experiment and it will hold you from the opening paragraph to
the last line. Hereafter the Sunday issue will continue this special
magazine feature one of the most attractive ever presented.
The Woman's Cabinet a New Phase in Government For the
Sunday magazine section, filled with superior features, Mayme Ober
Peak has written an article regarding the notable group of women
who are in federal service at the national capital and whose con
structive effort has quickened many a somnolent department since
their sex assumed place in the councils of America.
What Would Henry Ward Beecher nave Said? All know the
pious fame of Henry Ward Beecher, farffous ecclesiastical figure of
the civil war period but none has paused to speculate on what
manner of spiritual bequest he left to his descendants. There is his
charming granddaughter, for example, Margaret Beecher, a con
firmed tomboy, who shoots, swims and plays baseball and who
wishes mercy on us! to become a motion picture 6tar. What
would the late Doctor Beecher have said to this! Read tne story
in the Sunday magazine.
All the News of All the AVorld
"A Nickel and a Nod."