Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 14, 1921, Page 10, Image 10

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    THE MOEXIG OREGONIAX, FRIDAY, JANUARY 14. 1021
10
explosive. It is true that a vast pro- I on in four cases and a total of seven lieved this to be practicable, and ad-
1 1 Dortion of the world's necessary i killed. The total number lynched
urnrlr mit hovo hpun rfnnft if all i was aixtv-one. hv cnmDarison with
lUTIRfl&nm HV BKIlf L. Pll'xOCKj , Haatniptlvalv 0ifhtv.t1lpBi 1 1 Q 1 1 hilt the fart
Published by The Ch-onian IJb!1 Co- during the recent war had been har- that pfficers are more regardful of
1SS Sixth Street. Prtln4 oron- . . , , ... n.ft 1 n.tfc is ...a .Mil,. I.- I.
eaitor. r en(ja DUt jt js ais0 true tnat me important man tne aecrease in num-
C. A. MORDBN,
.Manager
The oreronian u a member of the world was treated to a satiety of ( ber of victims by itself
SSTvcivre".tied "to th" is. Tor publication atomic energy misapplied. The very
of all news dispatches credJtea to . term invites distrust, or at least re
.ik.i AuMtiMi m this paper and also 1 , ., . - i ....
Only fif-
vocated it in his "Memories."
Defenders of the battleship main
tain that it is still the decisive facr
In naval warfare, and that the war
has only taught the need of more of
the craft on which Admiral Scott
would rely in order to make it effec-
the local news published herein. All rights serve.
We would like to have the
or pabUcatlon of special dispatches nerem
axe also reserved.
S.23
.60
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2.S
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(By Mail.)
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Ea-tern Business Office Verree 4 Conk
Iln, Brunswick building. New Tork; verree
t Conklin, Steger building, Chicago; Verree
Conklin. Kree Press building, Detroit,
Mich. San Francisco representative, R. J.
Bidwell.
NO REASON FOR WORRY.
If congress should pass a reap
portionment bill, giving Oregon four
representatives, and if the state
should fail now to create four con
gressional districts, instead of three,
the consequences would not be
calamitous, as some of the alarmed
legislators at Salem appear to think.
Three representatives would be
chosen from the present districts,
and the fourth at large, in accord
ance with the provisions of the re
aDDortionment act. and the fourth
would continue to be elected at large
until the Oregon legislature could
create four new districts.
The fear is expressed that. If a
, congressman should be chosen at
I large, the new member would be
; elected from Multnomah county. It
grows out of the prevalent fiction
I that Multnomah is the dominant
I political power of the state. It Is
I not. If the record should be ex-
amined. it would be found that
residence in Portland is likely to
prove more of a handicap than a
help. Sundry gentlemen, relying on
the great vote of Multnomah, have
demonstrated by painful experience
the truth of Multnomah's political
impotence in naming candidates for
state office.
The present governor comes from
Marion, having been nominated In a
republican primary as secretary of
state (191) over a prominent citizen
of Portland. The secretary of state
halls from Clatsop, having had an
easy triumph over a great galaxy
of competitors, including one or
more from Multnomah. The treas
urer is from Multnomah, but he was
named after a close and hard race
with candidates from Clackamas,
Linn and elsewhere. The attorney
general is from Linn, having suc
ceeded one who hailed from Douglas,
who in turn had defeated a formid
able Portland competitor. The labor
commissioner is from Multnomah,
but the superintendent of public
instruction is from Baker, as is the
one railroad commissioner who is
elected from the entire state. Of
the seven supreme judges, one only
is from Multnomah. One United
States senator is from Portland, and
one from SaTem; but it is not for
gotten that" in a previous contest the
Salem candidate had defeated the
present senator-elect, who is now
from Portland, though at that time
from eastern Oregon. But no one
will say that his residence in Mult
nomah is the reason for his later
success, since he last November
defeated the democratic nominee
who is also a resident of Portland.
So it is clear that Multnomah has
no correct proportion of state of
ficials, and probably will not have,
under the primary system. The
preponderance of votes here is often
an Incentive to several candidates
to stand for the same office, lead
ing to division and defeat. If any
one from Portland is ever nominated
in a primary, it is because he has
peculiar and special strength in the
state, and not because he comes
from the metropolis. It is a rule
which finds few exceptions.
Let the legislative engineers of
a new scheme of congressional re
disricting abandon their worries.
If they permtt the new congressman
to come from anywhere In Oregon
from the swelling waters of the
majestic Columbia on the north to
the crowning heights of the imperial
Slskiyous on the south, from the
fertile plains of the fragrant sage
brush on the east to the rolling
waters of the lordly I'acific on the
west- some double-fisted up-country
rancher, with hayseed in his
hair, but with brains in his head,
will wipe up the) earth with any
one from Portland.
atom's vigorous possibilities tried out
very cautiously at first. Better a
world dependent on old-fashioned
means of power than discovery of a
novel form of violence.
There is less objection to that
other reported discovery by a Ger
man who is said to have found a
way of destroying the mold germ in
seeds while at the same time increas
ing their germinating vitality. Here
is a quest worth while. Present
waste of food by spoilage from mold
alone is almost incalculable. If this
were obviated it would be equiva
lent to increasing by some trillions
of dollars annually the productivity
of the soil.
tpan nf thno tvnrhaii war, ni-cnsad tive. Thev comDare the battleship
of the crime usually held to justify j to the heavy artillery in land war, ' as hurling a rose leaf into the Grand
BY - PRODUCTS OF THE PRESS
Manhattan's Super-Bluffs Become
Sadly Overworked.
The art of "throwing a bluff
reaches rare heights in this far-famed
metropolis. To call on a business
man these days and not discover that
he is in a "conference" is as futile
Those Who Come and Go.
this course, and the southern states,
as usual, hold the lynching record
fifty-two to nine for the north and
west.
AGREED ON TOE PORT BILLS.
All valid criticism of the group
of Port of Portland consolidation
bills has been met in the final revi
sion, and they will be submitted to
the legislature with the united sup
port of the Port of Portland com
mission, the dock commission, the
Chamber of Commerce and the com
mittee of fifteen. Any danger that
docks might be leased or sold con
trary to the public interest has been
removed by a provision that no lease
or sale shall be valid until approved
by the voters at a special election.
Any doubt as to the debt limit is
destroyed by a proviso that the 5
per cent limit shall include all bonds
outstanding and all hereafter issued
except those issued in place of obli
gations of the city, that is, in pur
chase of dock property.
Since all the public bodies con
cerned are united in favor of the
bills, they will doubtless have, as
they should, the united support of
the Multnomah county delegation.
As they deal with a matter which
is exclusively a Multnomah county
affair so far as raising and spending
of money are concerned, though of
interest to the whole state as re
gards provision of port and channel
facilities, it is not to be expected
that members from other counties
will oppose. It is generally recog
nized that the adverse vote of the
up-state counties last November was
due to misapprehension, all cause
for which is removed by the re
vised bills, and the whole state will
readily join in granting Portland
power to improve its own port.
No cause exists for anxiety on the
part of particular legitimate inter
ests or particular localities, for the
port commission as it will be con
stituted under the bills is pledged
to provide harbor and other facili
ties for all sections of the port dis
trict which can develop water-borne
traffic and are adjacent to the rivers.
The only open questions relate to
the manner in which this shall be
done, and they are of a technical,
engineering character. As no new
project can be undertaken without
approval of the people, the public
interest is amply safeguarded.
WHITHER WE ARE DRIFTING.
FARMERS HELPING THEMSELVES.
It is characteristic of Americans
that, while congress is stampeding
to enact legislation for relief of the
farmers, they are moving to relieve
themselves. The report that they are
moving to organize for the market
ing of their own crops to the millers,
exporters and cattle-feeders shows
that they are on the right track. If
they organize on practical business
lines and put good business men in
charge of their affairs, they should
succeed without more legislation
than such as is permissive and de
signed, to guard against abuse of the
power which great business combi
nations of farmers would have.
A marketing association would
stop many of the leaks by which
much of the consumers' price goes
into other pockets than those of the
producers without adequate return
in service. It could spread the
process of marketing over the whole
season, eliminating much opportun
ity for speculation and avoiding con
gestion of traffic on railroads during
the present crop-moving season. Out
of the original system should grow
a system of advances to farmers on
seenrity of their crops, so that there
need be no rush to sell immediately
after harvest. A system of mort
gage loans could be built up that
should prove more efficient than
the federal system, also a system of
short-time loans to carry the farmer
over from seed time to harvest. The
organization could contribute to im
provement of the government crop
reports, and could distribute in
formation about world crop pros
pects which would guide the farmer
as to what to grow and in what
quantity.
American farmers have been be
hind those of Europe in these re
spects because of their isolation and
because of the size of their country.
They are no longer isolated, for the
telephone and good roads have
brought them together. The fiasco
of the non-partisan league has
taught them that relief is not to be
had through federal or state social
ism. The time is ripe for them to
better their condition by their own
efforts.
which is far behind the lines, having
the protection, of infantry, machine
guns and mortars in the front Unas
and of lighter artillery behind. Its
task is to destroy the enemy's artil
lery and to wreck his communica
tions and trenches, and to cover in
fantry attacks.
If a navy had equivalent protec
canyon to hear the echo. A "con
ference" in Manhattan means that the
boss is out, hasn't come to the office
yet or is playing a game fit checkers
with the shipping clerk.
A new buyer from the west dropped
into a skirt manufacturer's office and
John Burroughs' Nature
Notes.
"Crop prospects are the most prom
ising in years," stated Captain A. W.
Gowan of Harney oounty at the Ore
gon yesterday. "We have had three
bad years, but everything looks favor
able this year. To be sure, we have
been troubled with rabbits, but we
have voted a bounty on them now and
should get rid of them fairly well by
that means." Captain Gowan was a
member of the Oregon legislature fori j do nshes protect them-
the first time 28 years ago. Before , from the 0 winter?
that he had been in the Kansas legis-, ,ra eold-blooded and prob-
Caa Yob Answer These Questions'
1. What is meant by a "sun dog"?
I. Do snakes lay aggs?
i. How can English sparrows be
kept from stealing food put out for
wild birda?
Answers to Previous Questions;
Mature in the early '70s. "In 1S80, I
voted tor Dotn pronimtion anu wumaa
suffrage," he said. "1 have always
was told to wait a little while, as the voted for both whenever they have
tion for its battle fleet in the shape manuiaciurer was in a conr.cc COme up ror consiaerat.oa.
of vessels such as Admiral Scott I "Oh" the buyer said, "I wouldn t t Portland yesterday after a trip to
favors and also had enough to de- disturb him for anything. I just 'J&d' Har countylor
ran enmmor onri n c-tr-r.t- tViat wanted to ti ape a JS20.000 order . I
LIBERATING THE ATOM.
So many claims have been made
under the general term "liberatinf
the atom" that it is difficult to ap
praise without further data than are
available the discovery reported to
have been made by a German scien
tist. Herr Willy von Unruh, of a
method of releasing all power from
Its pent-up source. At this distance
the device and the methods used in
iU exploitaUon hae somewhat the
savor of the notorious Kecly motor
and the never-explained scheme of
Oarabed T. Gargossian for harness
ing the energy of the universe.
A small group of experts witnessed
recently in Berlin a so-called prac
tical demonstration of the new
Unruh machine. What they saw
whs a medium-sized square box,
with no visible or detachable means
Of obtaining current from without,
but wnich generated sufficient cur
rent to keep five 1000-candle-power
electric, lights burning for several
hours. The tests were conducted
under conditions defined by the in
ventor, and not favorable to closest
inquiry. It is said that the observers
were nevertheless impressed.
Interest in the outcome of the ex
periments is likely to be directed to
the use that will be made of the po
tential power producer, rather than
to technical details which few lay
men can understand. So much is
implied in the phrase "liberating the
nergy of the atom" that a good
many persons will doubt that In the
present state of human progress
there is any considerable body of
men to whom the secret couM with
safety be entrusted. For perhaps
the highest form of liberated energy
is that which is released as a violent
The direct primary, at last, is
under critical examination. Idaho
has done more than analyze; it has
virtually abandoned it. In New York
a republican governor is condemning
it and the democrats have been long
known as opponents of it. In Ore
gon, democratic leaders, speaking,
however, among themselves, express
their dislike for it. In Washington
Governor Hart has recommended
adoption of the representative pri
mary method in place of the existing
direct method.
Washington narrowly escaped the
experience that caused Idaho to
abandon the direct method of-nominating
elective officer- A polit
ical group convention held last
summer wavered between organiza
tion of a new party and invasion of
the primaries of one of the other
parties. It finally decided upon a
new party, but the signal defeat of
the new party in the election gives
concern as to its future course.
Washington has experimented with
the second choice in direct primaries.
It has removed the judiciary from
politics. Its major parties hold con
ventions for the purpose of electing
delegates to the national conven
tions and of adopting platforms. Yet
Governor Hart observes that the sys
tem demoralizes party organisation
and party responsibility, gives an
unfair advantage to minority parties
and groups and encourages personal
abuse of candidates. He proposes
return to the convention system
with the added safeguard of primary
election of delegates by defined
methods under the law's supervision.
It is doubtless true that bossism
and machine rule arose under the
old convention system through lack
of legal restraint upon parties. They
largely governed the methods of
electing their own delegates. The
direct primary went to the other
extreme. It wrecked party organi
zation and party responsibility. No
person nominated is beholden to
party. Party has not directly had
anything to do even with putting
his name on the primary ballot. He
has his own platform, or none at
all. and there are so many individual
platforms that nobody can recall
what they are. So it is fashionable
only to attack character, or religion,
or occupation, or descent.
In Oregon we have republican
and democratic primary tickets In
name only. These party tickets are
then split into smaller tickets. We
get A. P. A. tickets, and Catholic
tickets, and labor tickets, and em
ployers' tickets, and veterans' tickets
and what not. We are getting so
far away from party that we are
approaching old world groupings,
and are likely sooner or later to have
racial tickets and sex tickets. For
this we have smashed the machine
and the boss, while the caliber of
office holders remains about the
same, 1
Still the defects of the system have
not yet become deeply impressed
upon the people. It requires courage
to demand reforms as Governor
Hart has done.
EXPLORING OREGON'S MINERAL
WEALTH.
After a period in which mining
has had to contend with high cost
of production and a fixed price of
gold, the mining industry of Oregon
should take new life this year, with
prices falling and labor more abun
dant. Then the good work which
the state bureau of mines has been
doing wiij bear fruit. With its port
able testing plant it has informed
many of the value of their non-producing
mines and has advised them
as to development. It has shown
how the low-grade quicksilver ores
of the Cascades may be profitably
treated, and has demonstrated meth
ods of treating refractory ores. It
has investigated the oil and gas pos
sibilities of western Oregon and is
extending the work into eastern Ore
gon. It has helped to stir into ac
tivity the iron mines of Columbia
county.
But the bureau's work, is not con
fined to mines; it extends to geology.
In that field it has accumulated a
fund of information that is of value
for irrigation, drainage and power
plants, especially in constructing
dams and reservoirs. It has exam
ined a number of sites where it was
proposed to erect dams, in order to
determine whether there would be
leakage through the bed of the res
ervoir. At the request of the desert
land board It examined the Tumalo
reservoir, and discovered facts
which, if known sooner, would have
changed the history of that enter
prise. It tested the rock of various
parts of the state to ascertain its fit
ness for road work by the state
highway commission.
The service which the bureau ren
ders to the development of the state
in aid of miners, and in guarding ir
rigators and road builders against
costly errors, is well worth the mod
est appropriation of $25,000 a year
that it asks. Growth of the state in
wealth must depend largely on de
velopment of its untouched resources,
to which knowledge of them and
how to work them is the first step.
of the enemy, it might meet his criti
cism of the battleship. Suppose such
a navy were to be used by a nation
attempting to invade the United
States, while we relied for defense on
the Scott type of navy. The first en
gagement would be between our
cruisers, submarines, destroyers and
aircraft and similar craft forming a
screen for the enemy's battle fleet.
The latter would shell the light craft
and would .be likely to sink some
with a single hit. If the two light
fleets were about evenly matched,
this would turn the scale, for in that
event it is doubtful if any of our ves
sets would reach within torpedo
range of the battleships. A battle In
the air would be fought at the same
time, and might prove decisive. If
our air men got the upper hand, they
might wreck a number of battleships
by dropping bombs; if the eneny
won, his air men could play havoc
with our lighter craft. But the
enemy's fire of larger shell from
long range would enable him to score
heavily with no equal retort from our
side. We should need great superior
ity in light craft and in the air in or
der to offset it. Lacking this superior
ity, our fleet might be driven off, the
enemy's mine-sweepers might clear
a way to the coast under protection
of his battleships, and his transports
might land an army while the battle
ships heavily shelled our defending
land forces. How deadly such fire
may be was proved at Gallipoli,
where the fire of the British fleet
saved a British regiment from de
struction and annihilated the Turk
ish force which was attacking it
The government is now committed
to the policy of building battleships
and battle cruisers as the backbone
of the fleet. If it should adhere to
that policy, it will still need many
more of the other types of ship in
order to attain equality with the
British navy. There should be more
light craft to complete the main
fleet, and there should be still more
to protect our commerce and to de
stroy that of any possible enemy. It
is in this respect that our construc
tion programme has always been
weak. Secretaries of the navy and
congress have made a showing by
building capital ships, but have cut
out the general board's recommen
dations as to other vessels. The war
has taught that these vessels may be
of decisive importance, and the dis
cussion about the British navy em
phasizes the fact. The United States
Is better equipped than any other na
tion, both in finance and in supply
of steel, to build a well-balanced bat
tle fleet and to build an ample fleet
of raiders. If we wish to force other
nations into a disarmament agree
ment by out-building them beyond
hope of rivalry, we have the power,
but that requires that more attention
be paid to naval experts and less to
noliticians.
The Philippines are being flooded
with proposals from manufacturers
to supply pants to the natives. When
the Filipino settles whether pants
are clothing or millinery will be
time enough for sales managers'
activity.
Ever consider when buying that
box of candy for the only one that
more than half the candy consumed
here is made elsewhere? Same way
with cigars. Nobody seems much
to mind a payroll but the one he
figures on.
Most of this excitement about re
districting the state of Oregon's pos
sible fourth representative In con
gress is stirred up by gentlemen who
would like to be the fourth representative.
The socialist Prussian minister of
the interior has issued an order de
claring the monocle verboten. ,lf
he'll only include spats we may ad
mit there's something to socialism
after all.
The town of Dayton is to get a
big gun from the war department.
Wait until she "Woofs!" next fourth
of July. 'Rah for Old Yamhill! You
bet yer life!
A woman seeking her decree here
asks also for custody of the dog,
which is somewhat of a variation.
Perhaps the fact of the dog explains
much.
Operation of an elevator is the
simplest mechanical proposition. Yet
there is at times fatality that less
than ordinary care can prevent.
Just about time for Henry Ford
to start a good roads campaign un
der the slogan, "Get the flivvers out
Tuskegee Institute's annual review
of lynchings in the United States
contains the significant statement
that there were fifty-six Instances
during U!0 in which officers of the
law prevented lynchings that would
have occurred if precautions had
not been taken. In forty-two cases
prisoners were removed, guards were
augmented and other measures were
adopted, while In fourteen armed
force was used- to repel would-be
lynchers, the attackers being- tired
Landis will "run" baseball. That
is proper. If there is anything on
this section of the earth that needs
a boss, it is organized ball.
WHAT BIND OF A BIG NAVY?
President-elect Harding's opinion
that the United States should have
as great a navy as any other nation
raises the question: What kind of
a navy? That question Is now pro
foundly agitating Britain, and build
ing of warships has been virtually
suspended until an admiralty com
mittee finds the answer.
Two conflicting views are held in
Britain. One is that the backbone
of the fleet must still be the capital
ship, with defects cured that were
revealed at the battle of Jutland and
with screens of submarines, destroy
ers, cruisers and aircraft to ward off
attack by similar enemy craft, to of the mud by Christmas
give warning or the enemy s ap
proach, to attack him and to screen
the position of the battle fleet. The
opposing view is that the war proved
the battleship to be useless. It
failed to destroy the enemy fleet to
attack his ports or to combat the
submarines, and many of the vessels
best adapted to fight submarines
were needed to protect the grand
fleet Sir Percy Scott the chief ex
ponent of this view, triumphantly
quotes what he said of the subma
rine in the early months of 1914 as
having been corroborated. He sajs
that the L boats almost succeeded in
cutting the allies' sea communica
tions, and he attributes the Germans'
failure to their not having enough U
boats at the outbreak of war and to
their neglect to concentrate on
building such vessels in the first
year of the war.
Holding that the function of a
navy now Is to protect trade and to
destroy the enemy's trade, that the
battleship is useless for this purpose,
for destroying an enemy fleet or for
attacking his ports and coast Ad
miral Scott would build light fast
cruisers, submarines, destroyers, air
plane carriers, mine-layers and mine
sweepers. He .would have cruiser
submarines carrying guns of some
weight. This policy would exclude
battleships unless they could bn
nude bubmersible. Lord, Fisher be-
If things continue at their present
pass the secretary of labor will need
a passport when he goes calling on
the secretary of state.
In place of using the side portico
of the White House, Ir. Harding's
inaugural really should be held on
the front porch.
Henry Ford has gained about 10
per cent on Newberry's plurality in
the recount just enough to encour
age him.
and he walked out. Three salesmen
and the manufacturer himself ran
after him for three blocks, but he
had changed his mind and was go
ing to buy elsewhere.
Hotel clerks make a great deal of
side money by being accomplices in
one of the most prevalent forms of
four-flushing. They watch out for
mail for people who are not regis
tered there, but who use the hotel's
stationery to give out the impression
that they are stopping at exclusive
inns. In return they get a few dol
lars a week in tips from each four
flusher. v
The smart Fifth avenue jewelry
shops have long since refused to sell
their boxes for jewels and other ar
ticles to hundreds who seek to buy
them. The Idea is, of course, to pur
chase jewelry on Avenue A and then
have it wrapped up in a Fifth avenue
jeweler's box. One man made quite
a comfortable living selling imitation
package boxes of exclusive houses
until stopped by the court order.
Theater box office men are daily
asked by ticket buyers to punch
holes in the coupons with the official
punch. This means that the holder
has "complimentary tickets." He
shows these to his friends to give
the impression that he is highly fa
vored in theatrical circles. At a
dinner given by a young blood sev
eral years ago an actor was hired
to impersonate David Belasco and
drop in for a few moments so the
host could call him "Dave" and ap
pear to be on terms of easy fa
miliarity. As most of the guests were
chorus girls, the host's stock went up
100 points. O. O. Mclntyre in St
Louis Globe Democrat.
Over on Ellis Island there is what
has been known for a generation as
the kissing post.
The other day an old peasant worn
an stood there. She wore a violet
blue and scarlet and purple shawl
over her head. She was bowed by a
lifetime of toil. Her clothes were
the sort that peasants in central Eu
rope always wear, except that they
looked rather uncommonly dirty
Perhaps the lookers-on were influ
enced in this conviction by the very
decisive odor which came from the
immigrant pens.
"She's frightened," said one of the
lookers-on.
The old woman's eyes were fairly
rolling. They were big, brown eye
eyes that had been pretty many years
ago., Now they told of the absolute
panic of their owner. She clutched a
huge, shapeless bundle, wound in a
filthy cloth, with the strength of fear
The lookers-on wondered how such a
miserable old peasant could ever have
secured permission to land in this
country. She was, as one remarked.
a type of the most undesirable class
that sought admission to our shores.
Then two young men walked toward
the kissing post. One had a slight
limp and a tiny bow of ribbon .on his
left breast. Both were well dressed,
clean, husky, bright-eyed, straight
forward. "Look," said one of the onlookers.
The old woman tried to get down
on her knees. She had seized the
hand of one of the youngsters and
was fairly nuzzling it. It seemed as
though she were begging of him as
though all her heart were in her plea.
She looked up at him in despair and
tears started from her eyes. She
threw her arms wide and cried
She cried something. The onlook
ers never knew what it was she said,
for the two young men had thrown
their arms about her. They, too,
were crying. One of them kept re
peating: "Mother. Dear, dear mother." New
York Globe.
a
A press agent stunt, sponsored by
the Rivoli theater as a humorous
novelty, nearly caused a tragedy in
the home of Archie Young, a travel
ing salesman, relates the Rocky
Mountain News.
The scheme, consisting of a series
of postcards addyssed in terms of en
dearment to married men, signed by
a woman and mailed from St. Louis,
calling attention to a scene in a mo
tion picture film, caused! Mrs. Young
to go into hysterics when her hus
band returned home from a trip on
the road.
Mr. Young called Police Surgeon
Samuel Goldhammer, who succeeded
in quieting Mrs. Young by explaining
to her that the postcard was not
from an "affinity" of her husband,
but was merely the work of a mis
guided press agent, whose activities
already had caused consternation in
many other Denver homes. The mes
sage written on tne posecaro was
suggestive of gross improprieties.
30 y
One of his brothers was killed at
Gettysburg. Mrs. Gowan is now at
Walla Walla. Her husband will join
her there soon for a visit with his
two younjf grandchildren, both of
whom have scored 100 per cent in re
cent tests.
"The hotel business and the the
atrical business are much alike after
all." said Theodore Morris of Lugene
yesterday at the Multnomah. "I have
tried bath. Many professionals turn
to hotel work when they want to get
away from the footlights or wjien
business is dull. Many have made a
success. Several of the old-timers
who have retired have purchased
hotels of their own and with their
acquaintances have been able to
make their houses very popular. The
average actor doesn't ever retire, but
when he does, he must do something
to keep himself occupied." Mr. Morris,
who is now manager of the Osburn
hotel in Eugene, was formerly assis
tant manager of the Multnomah. For
15 years he was on the stage.
J. E. Reynolds, vice-president of the
state fair board, believes thoroughly
in Oregon educational institutions.
"For the past 17 years, I have had a
son in Oregon Agricultural beilege
every year," he said yesterday. "I
have six sons and the youngest is
now a freshman there." Mr. Reynolds
has been on the state fair board for
five years. He Is in Portland to keep
tab on the legislators during the
week-end. He has been on the school
board in Albany for eight years. "Our
school board doesn't fight at all,"
boasts Mr. Reynolds. "That's the way
we get things accomplished."
"La Grande is in God's country;
there is no doubt about that." de
clared E. L. Wright yesterday. "Busi
ness conditions are good in our part
of - Oregon and we are looking for
ward to a fine year. We aren't wor
rying about anything." Mr. Wright is
now distriet attorney for Union coun
ty. He was recently secretary of the
public service commission. He was
born and raised in Oreron and is a
member of a prominent pioneer fam
ily. His uncle. "Tom" Wright, was
at one time state treasurer. Mr.
Wright is at the Imperial.
"The only brass mine In the United
-States is at Chico. Cat," said Joseph
Rosenberg of Chicago yesterday at
the Benson. "I am positive that it is
tne only one In this country, mere Is
one in Hungary, but none other in
the United States so far as I know.
The existence of the mine has bee'n
known only about four years. Ar
rangements are now being made with
eastern firms to buy and market the
output of the mine."
Allison J. Little, who is at the
Multnomah from Salem. Mass., car
ries a knife of a very old and antique
pattern that has been handed dbwn
from father to son since the Boston
tea party in 1775. Amos Little was
a member of the party and the knife
carried by Allison Little was made
from the steel ax carried bv Amos
when he was one of a boatload
dressed in Indian garb that staged
the little party in Boston harbor.
"The Oregonlan is the only paper of
the west with us," says J. B. Hunger
ford of Carroll, la., who was in Port
land yesterday for the first time. Mr.
Hungerford is an old-time newspaper
man of Iowa. He has been editor of
the Carroll Herald, a weekly news
paper, for 35 j-ears. "We always fol
low the western news through The
Oregonian," he said. "We keep track
of Oregon politicians, too." .
E. B. Hanley, formerly of Medford
but now of Seattle, is at the Imperial
for a few days. He was at one time
connected with Jack Dalton of the
"Dalton 6led" fame in Alaska in the
early days. It was before the time
of railroads that Hanley and Dalton
supplied provisions to gold seekers
by means of their "sled system."
Ralph Elder, forest ranger on the
Ochoco national forest, with head
quarters at Prineville, passed through
Portland yesterday on his way to
Mather field at Sacramento, where he
will attend the conference to be held
there next week. The principal mat
ter to be discussed will be regulations
for forest air patrols.
ably do not feel the low temperature
as birds and mammals do. They often
move down stream when winter
comes and thus escape being impris
oned In the ice of the shallows. Some
fishes in the Great Lakes, etc., re
main active all winter and can be
caught through the ice. Other species
are half dormant in cold weather,
and lie in small groups at the bottom.
eating little
humming
a
birds
live on
A pioneer airplane man of the
northwest is Frank Catterlin, who has
brought his wife to Portland for a
short visit. The Catterlins live in
Corvallls. When airplanes were still
considered novelties Mr. Catterlin
learned to fly and demonstrated his
machine in the smaller towns of the
state.
H. L. Tabke. traffic manager of
the port of Astoria, is at the Multno
raah, having conferences with a num
ber of large concerns concerning car
goes for ships clearing for the orient
and for Honolulu points.
Do
honey?
The food of adult humming birds
and of young that can fly. consists of
tiny spiders, gnats, beetles and other
small insects, as well as nectar from
flowers. Often when they appear to
be sipping nectar from the horn of
a blossom, they may be picking oft
the insects attracted to the nectar.
S. Why does cutting the bark hurt
a tree?
Cuttinsr a tree's bark is hurtful be
cause the bark carries inside it a net
work of pipes, or veins, through which
the lifo juices, sap. flow. These veins
if gashed, bleed. When cut all around
the trunk (girdled) the tree bleeds
in every vein, and has no channel left
by which sap can travel upward in
snr nit to nourisn new leaves,
downward in autumn to store
strength in the roots.
PROOF LACKING OF LAVA BEAR
Science Does Not Admit He Has Been
Found In Oregon
SANTA MONICA, Cat, Jan. 10. (To
the Editor.) There has been some
discussion recently in public print
about a "lava bear" in eastern Ore
gon. The story is one that has been
current fpr a number of years, and
it would be interesting to know if
anyone has scientific data to show
that such an animal really exists
One story is told of a government
trapper of predatory animals who,
after a dozen years in the field, saw
three and finally killed one. This
one specimen, if in existence, might
be the basis for a species. Another
story is that a stockman in 30 years
has had but fleeting glances at four
of these lava bears. This does not
constitute a scientific record, because
lie might have seen a small black or
brown bear.
A numbar of years ago someone
killed a small bear, brown in color,
and it was mounted and exhibited at
Lakeview and The Dalles and at
tracted considerable attention. The
taxidermist mounted the cub with its
lips curled and mouth open in a very
savage attitude, and the story went
the rounds that this was a lava bear.
Examination showed that the little
man-eating cub was not different In
structure from the ordinary brown
bear cub.
Another lava bear specimen which
has been spoken of and one in which
I was interested was sent to the bio
logical survey of the department of
agriculture at Washington. Last win
ter, when I was in Washington,
Vernon Bailey, chief field naturalist
for the survey, got the specimen out
again and showed definitely that it
was nothing but a small black bear.
Still, there may be a lava bear
tucked away somewhere in the rocky
confines of eastern Oregon. Yet 1
do not think he has been discovered.
Years ago there may have been an
occasional grizzly bear in parte of
eastern Oregon, but I think this spe
cies is now extinct In our state. Our
common species of bear is the black
or brown bear, found in both eastern
and western Oregon. Some people
think the color determines the spe
cies of the bear, but this is not the
case. A black bear mother may be
typical and a respectable animal, yet
she may come out of her den in the
spring time followed by a brown and
a black cub, or with two brown
cubs.
In determining the species of any
mammal the important marks of
identification are found in the skull,
not So much In the hidjr feet, al
though these are useful. This should
be borne in mind by any hunter who
desires to know the species of an
animal he has killed. Always save
the skull. In the collections of the
biological survey at Washington are
hundreds and perhaps thousands of
skulls of bears taken from all parts
of the United States. These have been
kept for the purpose of comparison.
If there is any evidence in existence
at present, or if any be secured In
future which might lead to establish
ing a scientific record of the lava
bear In Oregon, this ought to be sub
mitted to the biological survey at
Washington.
'WILLIAM L. FIN LEY.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By Jaosra J. Montague.
WHAT LITERATI KB MIGHT HAVE
LOST.
Keats never did well ar a chemist.
He had little taste for such task'a
As rolling up pills for all popular Ills
And boiling prescriptions In flasks.
But if there had been prohibition.
And customers daily came in
So dreadfully alck that they needed
the kick
Of brandy or whisky or gin.
The youth might have stuck to the
business
Observing how well It would pay,
And the odes that brought fame to
his glorious name
Would still be unwritten today.
Though young William Shakespeare
was handy
At bringing down noblemen's deer.
The profits he got from the brutes
that he shot
Didn't promise a brilliant career.
But if Shakespeare, instead of at
Stratford.
Were living in your land and mine.
His talents he'd use smuggling cases
of booze
Across the Canadian line.
And so well he would do in the traffic.
That the dramas which hold us In
thrall.
And have been on the stage for full
many an age.
Would have never been written
at all.
Doc Doyle as a high-class physician.
But often his practice grew slack
And he wrote little tales whose la
credible sales
Brought in heaping cartloads of
Jack.
And so he abandoned his business,
Disposed of his medical tomes.
And devoted his time to the stories
of crime
Which featured the lank Mr.
Holmes.
But if his "pint whisky" prescriptions
Had earned him unlimited kale.
As all doctors do now, we Imagine,
somehow
He w ould never have written a tale!
Deserving; of Promotion.
Obregon has established peace In
Mexico so effectively that New York
city ought to send for him to do the
same thing there.
s
Hard Times.
Prices are going to the deuce. The
lawyers who settled the New Haven
row for 12.600,000 only got $835,000
for all their trouble.
s
No Business Head.
If Santa Claus had been wise he
would have deferred his Christmas
purchases till the January sales.
(Copyright. 1KB, by Bell Syndicate. Inr )
Their Land and My Land.
Ur Grnee E. Hall.
Your Uncle Woodrow is something
of a buckpasser himself and will let
the cabinet handle the O'Callaghan
matter.
That "giant" blackberry was dis
covered too late to get into this
year's run of catalogue specials.
Do not think there is nothing do
ing when the legislature is in recess.
Then is the most
"Shadow," alleged black hander,
is much of a joker.
I. T. Sparks, district freight and
passenger agent of the Southern Pa
cific, who was in Coos Bay recently,
has a new story, according to the
Times. He said that recently a
rancher in his territory had a mule
to sell and inserted a want ad in a
Portland paper reading: "For sale,
white mule. 3 years old." The ranch
er was badly puzzled at the first re
ply, a telegram, ordering 100 gallons
immediately. Sparks had to enlight
en h'im as to the different uses of
white mule.
R. N. Apiing of Canyon City and
C. B. McCluskey of Toledo, Or., are
two district attorneys here to attend
the district attorneys' conference.
Both brought their wives with them.
P. A. Finseth of Dallas, who owns
a department store that carries every
thing from knitting needles to plush
coats, is here to look over the mar
kets and view the auto show
Mrs. George A. Sutherland and her
daughter Lucile of Walla Walla, were
at the Imperial yesterday. Miss
Sutherland left last night for Los An
geles gr a visit there.
C. A. Preston of Spokane paid his
first visit to Portland in several years
yesterday. Mr. Preston lived in Al
bany for many years, until he retired
from business there.
George F. Brown, who formerly
lived in Corvallis, le in Portland with
Mrs. Brown for a visit with old
friends. They are now living in
Idaho.
F. A. Williams and F. A. Buchtel,
both of the public service commission,
are in Portland, registered at the
Oregon.
For two days the Indians have bad
a great gambling bout at Tom Neal's
place near Antlers.
At least a hundred attended, some
coming from Klamath Falls, Herouit,
Dunsmuir, Copper City and Baird. At
least a dozen automobiles were
parked around the gambling- grounds.
It was nothing uncommon to see $300
in the hands of the players, women
and men gambling with equal vigor.
It was stated at the close of the
frolic that the squaws had won all
the money.
"We keep all the money, too, said na6 had a day's illness, and James
one of the squaws, ""just lU-j white has never been a single night out of
woman."- Sacramento Bee, - I the bouse in which he was born.
Adjutant-General George A. White
and Mrs. White drove to Portland
from Salem last night. They are at
the Portland.
J. L Lewis, a merchant of Ontario,
Or., is here to attend the auto show.
He is registered at the Imperial.
Two Sycots Have Loos; Life.
London Chronicle.
Living in the Scotch village of In
verkip are twin brothers, James and
William Ford, age 95. Neither of them
Question aa to Contract.
PENDLETON. Jan. 11. (To the Ed
itor.) A man dies, his nearest sur
viving relatives being brothers and
sisters. He has made a. will, under
the provisions of which his estate
was to be divided among said rela
tives. Four years after the date of
the will he engaged as nurse and at
tendant a person to whom he prom
ised a salary and "everything else" at
his death, on condition that the terms
of the engagement were compiled
with. The promises and conditions
were written down and signed and
dated by the man now deceased, and
this document is in possession of the
attendant
1. The original will not having
been revoked, is the attendant legally
entitled to the whole of the estate,
assuming that he is able to prove
the authenticity of the written con
tract and that he complied with all
its conditions?
2. If the executors of the will re
fuse to entertain the claim what legal
action should be taken to enforce It?
3 What is the legal limit of time
within' which the claim can be made,
and to whom, and in what manner
should the claim be submitted?
ATTENDANT.
The attendant's rights are depend
ent upon the form of the instrument
and whether legal formalities were
observed in its execution. His only
practical policy is to submit the in
strument to a competent lawyer for
examination and advice as to procedure.
O. there is a land of somewhere,
A place where my neighbors live.
With a lure and a constant pleading.
That myown land fails to give;
And the road that leads through their
land
Has many an unguessed charm.
Though it wend by a sun-scorched
hillside
Or pass by a barren farm;
For the strange place calls forever
To our gypsy blood, we know,
And it's only the actual dullard
Who senses no urge to go.
Yea, there's their land and my land.
And trails that are smooth and
wide.
That lead through the giant forest
Anu down by the ocean side:
There are fields where the grain la
growing.
And towns lying half asleep.
While over the hillside pastures
The cattle, like red ants, creon.
There's lure In the unknown places.
mat touches us one and all.
And mankind shall roam forever
Because of this alien call.
The vine and the rose In my land
Are beautirul, sweet and rare.
And the pines and the murmuring
cypress
Have voices soft and low;
But an vrge in the blood forever
Is calling from everywhere,
And we pass on the plains and high
lands In a constant ebb and flqw;
One seeks for a thrill in my land,
And I for a' thrill In his,
Though neither may pause to ponder
Or question just why it la;
Aye, often we pause In passing,
In a fellowship warm as wine
'Till I point to a flaw in his land
Or he laughs at a fault In mine!
MA It HI AGE BAR TO EMPLO Y.ME T
Woman Whose Husband la Out mt
Work Finds Status Against Her.
PORTLAND, Jan. 13. (To the Edi
tor.) Have read, several letters in
regard to married women working
and will say that I am one of them.
I have been trying to get employment
for several weeks. As soon as it is
found out I am married I am re
fused work or told they will let me
know which means tho same.
Now my husband has been out of
work for some time and Is walking
the streets every day looking for
employment. My children, aged 10
and 12, are without shoes and will
soon have to drop out of schools Our
rent is due. Our wood is all gone.
What am I"to do? It looks as though
I would have to get a divorce or tell
that I am a widow to get employ
ment. Someone please solve the problem
of the married woman with children.
I can work steady all day but am
not strong enough to do heavy work.
A MARRIED WOMAN.
Woman's Right to Property,
GERVAIS, Or., Jan. 12. (To the
Editor.) A few years ago my father
and mother were divorced, the prop
erty being given to my mother so
she could better care for us children
of which there were four of us. Three
being under ago. at the time of the
divorce. My mother married again
and sold this property to buy a bet
ter home for herself and second hus
band. Would I as one of the chil
dren have any share in the home I
helped to keep up and which now la
sold or must I see my stepfather
have a good time on the money from,
the sale of our home?
If the deed was made out cxclfts-
Not Our Weather.
PORTLAND, Jan. 13. (To the Edi
tor.) I beg to call your attention to
a discrepancy in statements made
regarding the temperature of the past
week. The Oregonlan January 10
says the lowest femperature regis
tered for this year is 30.4 degrees,
and on January IS It says that 27
is the lowest for this year.
M. E. GARDINER.
Brown apartments.
The Oregonlan disclaims all respon
sibility for changes in the weather.
When on Tuesday it said that the
preceding Monday had been the cloud,
lest day of the year it gave no guar
anty that the, record would stand.
When on Wednesday it said that
Tuesday was the coldest day of the
year it recorded tba painful fact tnat
Tuesday was colder than Monaay.
Whatever The Oregonian may be aa
a molder of opinion it has no prestige
as a molder of weather. It has it
own ideas as to what the weather
ought to be, but whoever or whatever
it is that controls the weather never
asks The Oregonlan's advice.
Enlistment, Merchant Marine.
BIRKENFELD, Or.. Jan. 12. To tha
Editor: Where can a person secure
Information about enlistment in the
merchant marine?
What is the minimum enlistment
period? A SUBSCRIBER.
All information relative to enlist
ents in the merchant marine may be
ively to your mother the property secured from Lieutenant Harold C.
was hers to dispose of as she saw I Jones. United States Shipping board.
i ' concord duuu at, t uruauu.
i