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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE 3IORXIXG OREGOXIAX. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 0, 1920
JUSTICE TO ITALY'S
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Toilers to Have Square Deal,
LABOR'S DEMANDS UPHELD
iCo Revolution .Seen in Present In
dustrial Movement Object
Is Purely Kcouomic.
i"'rtntimj"'1 From Kirst Pap:;.)
much as the employer's to safeguard
Rational Action Desired.
"So vie arrive at the principle of
controllo. or supervision, through
which the worker will be afforded an
opportunity to familiarize himself
with every angle of industrial pro
duction and may have a rational basis
lor his efforts to better his lot.
"To apniy this principle a commis
sion composed of six employers and
ix representatives of labor is beinsr
organized. Two methods of applica
tion are in view. One is to have the
delegates of the workers sit in the
boards of directors of industrial con
cerns. The other is to have the work
ers represented in stockholders' as
semblies which pass upon the acts of
"I a.tu hopeful the commission we
have created will be able to elaborate
a comprehensive plan that can be
translated into law. In any event, the
eupervision principle will be applied
ultimately by parliament.
"I believe, moreover, Italy's lead in
this matter before long will be fol
lowed by other nations. Old forms of
contract between capital and labor
are out of date today and the sooner
this is recognized generally, the bet
ter it will be tor us all."
Little Krlction Kxpected.
Signor Giolitti anticipated no con
siderable friction in applying the
supervision programme.- either from
tl.e bosses or the workers. The mi
nority of the manufacturers, which
opposes the project, he remarked,
consists chiefly of men "whose estab
lishments are so badly run that they
do not want outside surveillance. "
As for the labor unions, the refer
endum vote taken among their mem
bers clearly demonstrates, he added,
how insignificant is the number of
extremists antagonistic to the gov
"in the event of the workers rep
resentatives on the board of directors
or the stockholders' assembly formu
lating demands which the bosses con
sider unacceptable, who is to be the
final arbiter?" I asked.
"The Italian parliament,," was the
I inquired whether, in view of the
Italian socialists' wrangling over the
question of adherence to the third in
ternationale, the present situation
would have any repercussion on
Italy's policy toward soviet Russia.
HnHMlan Policy Unchanged. '
"I do not see why it should," the
piemier responded. "Our policy is un
changed. Kach power's liberty of ac
tion as regards Russia -was reaffirmed
at my conference with .M. Millerand
at Aix-les-Bains. There is small
prospect, I think, of any immediate
resumption of political conversation
with the Soviets. Commercial dealings
are always possible, but it does not
seem feasible to get much out . of
Hussia at present because her trans
port is so crippled. ,
"However, Italy has made a begin
ning in the field of trade with that
unfortunate land and will continue.
It is no concern of ours whom the
Ilusians choose to govern them. If
they want Lenlne, that is their busi
ness. But we reserve the right to
abstain from friendly relations with a
government of which we disapprove."
"Would conclusion of peace between
the Soviets and Poland affect Italy's
"I doubt it. It might have this
result, though: It would oblige the
eoviets to demobilize their huge army,
and this in turn might lead to the
overthrow of the present dictatorship
at Moscow. That would be very in
teresting to the whole world."
German Question Avoided.
Signor Giolitti appeared disinclined
to say much about Germany. He re
marked that he "lacked the elements
for a thorough discussion of the Ger
man question," and preferred to await
further consideration of the matter by
the allied governments.
I asked whether this implied an
other meeting of the supreme coun
cil to discuss reparations, to which he
replied that "nothing is fixed yet."
"Kach nation." the premier added
after a moment's thought, "should
aid Germany to recover her economic
footing to the best of its ability, bear
ing- In mind, of course, the obligations
imposed by the treaty of Versailles."
Of Flume and the Adriatic littoral,
Signor Giolitti merely observed that
the renewal of negotiations between
Italy and Jugo-Slavia in the near
future was a hopeful indication of a
"Italy," he affirmed, "i,s ready to
make large concessions to the prin
ciple of including as few Slavs as
possible in Italian territory."
In conclusion the premier voiced his
profound faith in his country's swift
recuperation from "the maladies of
Italy Declared Sound.
"It is most important." he said,
"that America should comprehend the
hopefulness of the situation and not
withhold from us that spirit of co-operation
for which In the long run she
will be amply repaid, both morally
and materially. Once the labor prob
lem is solved and it will be solved
mere js nothing to prevent our pro
ductivity regaining its normal level.
Already tourist migration, one of our
Bieai sources or wealth, is resuming
its pre-war volume. Our lack of coal
gradually will be overcome by the
utilization of tremendous hydro
electric forces lying dormant in our
northern waterfalls, through which
wre shall eventually provide energy
for the railroadcs and industries of
half of Italy.
"The government's bread subsidy is
a heavy burden, but it will be balanced
by a tax on wine. The Italian nation
is sound to the core and we shall
emerge from our present distress
stronger politically and economically
than we have ever been."
ROADS ARE ORDERED TO RUSH
CARS TO MIXES.
ALLIES MEET 111 U. S.
TO ALLOCATE CABLES
Disposition of Seized German
Lines to Be Made.
WORLD POLICY OUTLINED
Programme Formulated by Inter
state Commission Is Expected to
Relieve Fuel Situation.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 8. Action to
satisfy demands for domestic coal in
various states was taken tonight by
the interstate commerce commission
in an order requiring railroads east
of Montana, Wyoming, Colorado and
New Mexico to furnish coal cars to
mines in preference to any other use.
Former orders of this character ap
plied only to the section east of the
Mississippi river. The present order,
the commission said, would run until
fu-rther notice but would be relaxed
when the situation warranted.
The commission announced that ar
rangements to continue the move
ment of certain essentials, such as
sugar beets to factories, would be
Working in conjunction with coal
operators and railroads, a programme
has been formulated, the committee
said, which is expected substantially
to meet domestic coal needs.
Despite an increase in coal produc
tion which up to September 25 ex
ceeded that of last year by 51,000,000
tons, the commission said "there has
not been a sufficient production of
the sizes of coal for domestic purposes
to satisfy the present demands."
"It is imperative that the produc
tion of coal be even further increased.
To accomplish this, it will be neces
sary to increase the car supply."
The existing order for the prefer
ential movement of 4000 cars of coal
daily for the northwest was not
DISPATCH IS RECEIVED BY
LOCAL, JAPANESE EXVOY.
Trouble in Northeastern China Is
Laid to Party Dressed as
Chinese and Coreans.
Mounted bandits more than 400 in
number attacked Hunchon in north
ern China on October 2, killed a large
number of Japanese as well as resi
dents of the city and burned the
Japanese consular office and neigh
boring houses, according to a dis
patch received from T. Sug-imura,
local Japanese consul, from his eov
ernment at Tokio.
The dispatch said that the bandits
were dressed as Chinese or Coreans
and some in the uniforms of Chinese
soldiers. Among the casualties was
mentioned the name of T. Satani,
chief of the Japanese consular police,
and Sergeant Shibuya, a Japanese.
Following the raid, the Japanese
dispatched troops to the scene and
Mr. Sugimura also received a dis
patch from the Japanese government
denying the report that Japan was
attempting to 'wrest control from
China of districts along the line of
the Kastern Chinese railway by giv
ing assistance to bandits operating
in that district.
Fhone your want ads to The Orego
nian. Main 7070. Automatic 560-95.
Equality of Service and Unrestrict
ed Access to AH Countries Urged
for International Messages.
WASHINGTON, Oct. S. Equality of
cservice and unrestricted access to all
parts of the world were set forth
as the object to be sought in inter
national communications by Under
Secretary Davis today in welcoming
delegates of the five allied and asso
ciated powers to the first preliminary
session of the international communi
cations conference. Questions of
strategy and selfish interast would
not be supported by the public, he
said, in the co-operative effort to
increase communication facilities for
Delegates from France, Great
Britain, Italy, Japan and the United
States were present, it being the first
conference in which the United States
has participated formally with the
allied powers since the conclusion of
the Versailles treaty. It was called
by President Wilson some months ago.
with the approval of congress, as a
result of the decision of the council
of five in Paris in 1919 to leave all
location of the German cables and
questions affecting international com
munications to such a body.
Cable Allocation to Be Made.
"Aside from agreeing upon the al
location, of the cables ceded by Ger
many, which is one of the primary
questions to be settled at this confer
ence," Secretary Davis declared, "it is
believed this conference , will also be
able to arrive at a common under
standing relative to more important
aspects of the problem, namely, the
increased efficiency in existing cables
and unhampered facilities for the es
tablishment and maintenance of addi
tional cable and radio service through
out the world."
Developments in recent years, he
continued, have brought a realization
of the vast importance of one effi
cient and rapid interchange of inter
World rnderxtanding Urged.
"The more the people of the world
can understand and appreciate those
of other parts' of the world the fewer
causes of misunderstanding there will
be and unnecessarily the fewer causes
for conflict," he said. "This can only
be accomplished by the most ample
and unhampered news service and
Secretary Davis recalled that the
United States government in 1862 in
stituted a movement for uniformity
and equality of world postal commu
nications. "It is, therefore," he added, "an
especial satisfaction to the United
States that the first preliminary con
ference to" deal with electrical com
munications should be convened in
Allied Envoys Make Responses.
, Responses ware made by heads of
the allied delegations, who reiterated
the hope expressed by Mr. Davis for
the promotion of free intercourse be
tween nations by means of cable and
Upon motion of Ambassador Shide
hara, chairman of the Japanese dele
gation, Secretary Davis was made
president of the preliminary confer
ence. M. Lanel, minister plenipotentiary
and chairman of the French delega
tion, was made vice-president.
It was decided that the conference
should function, largely through com
mittees, with only occasional general
meetings. Committees were named
on disposition of the German-seized
cables, consideration of the radio pro
tocol drawn up by France, Great Brit
ain, Italy and the United States in
1919; drawing up of an "universal
communications union," embracing
radio and telegraph; formulation of a
code of international radio and law to
embrace cabj landing rights, and on
consideration of plants for the pro
motion of communication facilities
between the allied and associated
Postmaster-General Burleson rec
ommended that general meetings
should be open, but this question was
still under debate when the delegates
went into executive session and no
conclusion was announced.
The committees will hold their first
Elks Initiate New Members.
KELSO. Wash., Oct. 8. (Special.)
A class of more than 50 new members
was initiated by Chehalis loripe.
in His First
'IT?..:.! rvM K - A
When Sam McGinniss in
a Joyous Suit of
Store Clothes Was Spurned as Uncouth by His
Snobbish Bride He Went to Her Butler for Help.
Did He Help? Well, Come and See Today at the
There's not enough of these suits
for all of the boys in Portland!
but there's enough so that a few
scores of , bright, upstanding fellows
each can have a new suit for less than
its real price !
Today 1 offer a Lot of
Boys' .Belted Suits
Nearly Every One With
Two Pairs of "Knickers"
Regularly Priced $18, $20, $22.50
They're nobby patterns in tweed, cheviot,
cassimere and novelty mixtures. They're
regular stock not "sale suits." The reduc
tions are genuine; the quality is such that
my usual guaranty of satisfaction follows
every suit right through. If you've a boy to
buy for, these are the suits you want I
SPECIAL Boys' Corduroy Suits; ages 7 to 18 years; regu
larly priced $12.50 the suit ?.
Morrison at Fourth
B. P. O. E.. In Kelso last night. All
these members were from Kelso and
vicinity and more than 100 of the
Chehalis Elks were billed to come
here to put on the degree work.
Owing to the freight wreck at Nap
vine a large number of the Chehalis
men were unable to come. The fes
tivities ended with a banquet.
Bank Passes $1,000,000 3Iark.
ASHLAND. Or.. Oct. 8. (Special.)
The First National bank of this city
passed the million-dollar mark In
deposits on October 4. the exact sum
being $1,006,107.59. On the above date
the total resources of the bank aggre
gated $1,255,543.82, an increase for the
year of $250,000. The bank officials
state the increased business is the
natural result of better business con
ditions and prosperity in Ashland.
' Xo Indications of OH Found.
ABERDEEN, Wash., Oct. 8. (Spe
cial.) -The Standard Oil company has
resumed drilling at their Moclips test
well after considerable delay in wait
ing for an underrimmer to arrive from
California. The depih of the well was
reported last night as 3230 feet. The
formation in which the drill ia work
ing remains the same, a sandy shale.
No indications of gas or oil are reported.
District Fire AVarden Reports.
MEDFORD, Or., Oct. 8. (Special.)
District State Fire Warden Eberly
has cleaned up all his work here
and discharged his men and will leave
Saturday for Salem where he will be
attached to th state forestry head
quarters this winter as field assistant.
The past season was a fortunate one
in this district in that in the
forest fires in state territory, less
man zuo.uuu reet or timber was burned
with a loss of between $400 and $500.
v-- rtr- rvr: -v j
TODAY AT 11 A. M,
It's the best, fastest,
most excitinsr s
production of the
genius who turned
out hits like "Daddy
Long Legs," "The
figs i iwmw
I NEILAN'S K
"GO AND GET
r6XT "t7 IJZsZif Story Ever :..
Trx "3$ KVJJ Pictured on 7
dm-AH ? "yr ONE ENTIRE WEEK
Have You Shaken Hands
With This Shirt Sale?
Come in and meet . a few thousand good
lookers! You'll find some shirt-affinities
among the lot.
Prices that sound like olden times; qualities,
patterns and colors you've been longing to see.
Regular $4.00 and $5.00 Shirts
Th ree for $8.50
Regular $6.00 and $6.50 Shirts
Three for $11
Regular $7.50 to $10.00 Shirts
Three for $14
Regular $13.50 to $15.00 Shirts
Three for $20
The Main Floor
Morrison at Fourth
Its a Real Shirt Sale
n d 1 5if fu 1 W 'wvl
I NOW PLAYING vf?fl
t .41 iJ
Lit Lie e 11
Fellow Citizens, with "Sunshine Sambo"
TRAILED BY THREE Chapter Eleven
PATHE REVIEW TRAVELOGUE
ALL FOR A QUARTER
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'ilia mil m
PHONE YOUR WANT ADS TO THE OREGONLYN
Main 7070 A 6095