Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORXIXG OREGONIAN, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1920
ESTABLISHED BY HENRY I PITTOCK.
Published by The Oreronlan Publ!hin Co..
JU Sixth street, 1'ortland. Oregon.
C. A. UOUDEN, E. B. FIFER.
The Oregonian is a member of the Asso
ciated Press. The Associated Press Is
c:uslveiy entitled to the use for publication
of all news dispatches credited to It or riot
otherwise credited in this paper and also
the local news published herein. All riBhts
of republication of special dispatches Here
in are also reserved.
Subscription Rates Invariably In Advance.
Fially. Sunday Included, one year
laily, Sunday Included, six months ... --o
Maliy, Sunday Included, three months .
JJally. Sunday Included, one moma
Jiallywithout Sunday, one year . .
Iiaily. w ithout Sunday, six months
Iai!y. without Sunday, one month,
Weekly, one year ................
Sunday, one year
raily, Sunday Included, one year 2 S?
li'.y, Hunday Included, three months. 2.--
I ally. Sunday Included, one month ..
I.'aily, without Hunday, one year J-Jn
l'aily, without Sunday, three months...
ljally, without Sunday, one month .... -OJ
How to Hemit Sen.d postoffles money
rder, express or personal check on your
locl bank. Stamp, coin or currency are
t owner's rink. Give postofflce address
in full. Including county and state.
I'ostiMte Kates 1 to 16 pages, 1 cent:
IS to 3 pases. 2 cents; 84 to 48 pages, 8
cents; 50 to Gl pages. 4 cents; 60 to 80
pages; 5 cents; 8:2 to 96 pages. 6 centa.
Foreign postage double rates.
Eastern llu-iness Office Verree Conk
Iln. Urunswick building. New York; Verree
Conklln. Sieger building, Chicago; Ver
ree &. Conklin, Free Press building. De
troit, Mich. San-Francisco representative,
H. J. Bidwell.
LET 'EM HAVE TTIF.IIi BAT.
Through the neighborly medium
of the more or less dependable Eu
gene Guard, The Oregonian learns a
bit of news, which in rairness it feels
that it should pass along. It is:
The national debt was reduced 23T,-
S15.tHW.00 last month. However, you will
not find this fact mentioned in any of the
campaign literature Chairman Will Hays
la flooding the country with.
The final sentence, to be sure. Is
not new, but it may be true. Chair
man Hays is not flooding the country
with it. Possibly he doesn't believe
It. We don't.
But, If it be assumed that It Is
true, is it the duty of Chairman Hays
to give it a neat and attractive cor
ner In his grand scheme of repub
lican publicity? What is a campaign
text book for, anyway? To praise
your side, and condemn the other
side? Or to please everybody and
If the democrats are to have the
privilege of editing republican cam
paign literature, the courtesy should
be reciprocal. Probably in that case
the democrats would find some
slight objection made by the rest of
the American people to the astonish
ing and offensive claim that "demo
crats won the war." It is boldly put
forth in the democratic text book for
1920. It is not consistent with the
indignant democratic denial of the
statement that they sought to make
partisan capital out of the war, and
excluded republicans from any con
trolling or potent voice or arm in
war administration. Can the demo
crats have both "won the war" and
have been non-partisan in its con
duct? They'll say so. We'll not
Let the campaign books, speeches,
pamphlets, essays, letters and all the
rest alone. Let every party put
forth its claim in its own way. Let
the candidates pierce the skies with
their self - adulatory vocalizations.
Let the spielers spiel and the
stumpers stump and the hecklers
heckle and the penny-a-liners sling
their ink. It's the life. You can fool
some of the people, etc., etc. The
only persons really fooled are the
candidates until the returns come
DIVORCE AND REMARRIAGE.
In one of its ethical aspects, the
controversy over the right and
wrong of divorce is in reality a dis
cussion of the right to marry again.
This is recognized by a large body of
churchmen, who do not contend that
there are no circumstances In which
husband and wife ought to be per
mitted to live apart. Laws which
deny, or greatly restrict, the right of
absolute divorce are in the main
careful to protect the property rights
of thoso who have made a mess of
marriage. The husband may be
compelled by the court to support
his wife and children. Here the
equities. are plain. The Implied obli
gation of the husband as the breadwinner-
is enforceable, as In any
other civil contract. Denial of di
vorce is a recognition of the more
spiritual, hence more enduring, na
ture of the bond.
Judge Bennett, of the supreme
court of Brooklyn, N. T., after an
experience of many years on the
bench, views the suggested remedy
from its practical side. Recognizing
the rapid growth of divorce as the
evil it undoubtedly is, he seeks the
most effective way of retarding it
without incurring the opposition of
those who realize the obvious in
justice, if not the impossibility, of
compelling married couples to live
together where, for example, the
husband is a brute who endan
gers the wife's life by physical vio
lence. It is not enough to say that
he may be punished under existing
laws against assault and battery, for
they would seldom be adequate, and
evidence sufficient to warrant crim
inal prosecution would often be lack
ing. But to remove one of the prin
cipal Incentives for divorce, it goes
almost without saying, would be to
make it less popular than it Is.
The'judge thinks that a large pro
portion of actions would never be
brought if remarriage were made
illegal during the lifetime of the
other rarty to the union. The eter
nal triangle bulks immensely as the
ieal divorce cause, whatever may be
the ostensible reasons set forth in
the pleadings. A good many mar
riages are arranged beforehand, con
tingently on the granting of a di
vorce. This is particularly true in
New York, where it has recently
been shown that nominal defendants
have been accustomed to employ
witnesses to appear against them in
the interest of plaintiffs, a form of
collusion often winked at by courts.
The scandal of a situation in
wnicn one in every nine marriages
ends In divorce court lies In utter
lack of regard for the sanctity
of the contract. Society is less in
terested in the happiness of indi
viduals now mated (or mismated)
than in restoring the foundations of
the institution f matrimony itself.
The end to be sought is to rid the
frivolous and the thoughtless of the
notion that marriago Is a joyrlde, to
be terminated on impulse, and to re
store the idea that it is a covenant
to be entered into only on solemn
If Judge Bennett's plan will effect
this result it deserves consideration.
It is a companion plan to that which
would restore in principle the old
practice of publishing the banns, by
which couples intending to marry
would be given time in which, to re-
pent before it was too late. The
student of court procedure will
think, also, that something more
than is being done at present ought
to be possible to prevent collusive
divorce, which is nominally forbid
den by existing statutes. The Ben
nett remedy may or may not find
favor, but the wide discussion that
it has provoked is evidence that the
gravity of the problem is being in
The Astoria Budget may be cred
ited with a striking and homely il
lustration of the utter futility of the
4 and B per cent interest bill. It is:
Would a law prohibiting fishermen from
selling salmon in Oregon for more than 5
cents a ound compel them to sell for 6
cents? It would not. They would market
their salmon In Washington, where higher
prices were offered. No more, either, will
a law limiting the legal rate of interest
to 4 and & per cent compel lenders to put
out their money in Oregon. They would
send it across the border, where they can
get 7 and 8.
True: and if they cannot get In
Washington a fair price for their
salmon, the fishermen will not fish,
and the industry will be at an end.
If the man with money to lend can
not lend it profitably, here or else
where, he will not lend it at all. But
if he can lend it profitably elsewhere,
he will not lend it here. What will
the borrower do then?
Economic law is not concerned
with state lines. No mere state
statute can repeal it. But it may do
great mischief. That was what was
intended, no doubt. It is inconceiv
able that so bald and gross a mon
strosity was put on the ballot in good
THE PROOF OF A TRUTH
The people of Seattle, we learn
from an editorial in the Post-Intelligencer,
have made . aa Important,
and as it now turns out, a depressing
discovery. It is that the former
owners of the street railway com
pany were actually telling the truth
when they said they were losing
The discovery by the Seattle popu
lace has come about through the
purchase of the street railway sys
tem by the city and an attempt to
show the world that the people can
purchase, maintain and operate a
street railway and make money. In
a pessimistic message, the mayor of
Seattle now informs his constituents
that the system has been going in
the hole ever since it was taken over,
about eighteen months ago, and is
destined to go deeper and deeper
into the hole in the coming months.
The city has had certain advan
tages over the former owners, too,
in the matter of outlay. When
owned by a private corporation there
were to be paid large sums in gen
eral taxes, and certain extraordinary
charges similar to those exacted of
the street railway company in Port
land. Of taxes and extraordinary
charges, the system has been re
lieved under municipal ownership.
They doubtless amount to several
hundred thousand dollars yearly.
But still the city goes into the hole.
There have been, on the other
hand, certain conditions imposed on
the system that were not present
when the corporation owned it. The
street railway was promptly im
mersed in practical politics. We
read that the council has yielded to
every sectional, political and class
demand for deviation in the matter
of service from a course demanded
by a strictly business policy. The
former owners, it may confidently
be presumed, had gained the usual
reputation of corporations by refus
ing, except under irresistible pres
sure, to grant improvements or ex
tensions of service which they could
not afford to grant or make.
But the Seattle case discloses that
the taxpayers are far from willing to
pay for the other fellow's ride. They
are Just as averse to digging into
their own pockets to pay the ldsses
of a utility as private stockholders
are. That may be inconceivable to
those who have the municipal own
ership whlmsey but it is the sad, sad
truth. Seattle Is going in the hole
every month. Worse, it can see no
way of getting out. So there is
lamentation and even denunciation.
The denunciation concerns the fact
that the corporation that sold re
ceived a fair price for its property.
Thus there is not the uplifting am
bition which soothes the soul of the
San Francisco taxpayer as he con
tributes to the losses of the munici
pal system there. The San Francisco
municipal lines are not a monopoly
There is a hated, soulless corporation
competing with the ctiy. It is a
pleasant and exciting tug of war to
see which can stand its losses long
est, the corporation or the public.
Let us be happy in the thought
that others, not we, are testing the
truth of the great maxim that if a
thing costs so much money to pro
duce, whether it be a streetcar ride
or a quart of milk, it cannot be had
for less without somebody sustain
ing the loss.
TO DETECT CRANKS.
Let us hope for the speedy per
fection of the instrument known as
the psychometer. Described by a
New York physician who heads the
clinic for examining cases from the
children s court as an instrument for
detecting the responses of the ner
vous system of the subject to strong
waves of feeling, it is said to give
promise of usefulness in detecting
unbalanced personalities before
crimes have been committed. If, the
physician suggests, the recent Wall
street bomb explosion was the work
of psychologically defective individ
uals, it might have been possible to
take precautions against It- The
process, would be as follows:
The machine, -which Is simply a gal
vanic circuit with the human being made
part of the circuit by placing the hands
or leet in a mercury Oath, shows by
fluctuating needle the responses of the
nervous system to strong waves of feel
ing, such as fear. With these abnorma
cases toe fluctuations ot the needle are
more marked, and when the apparatus has
been made considerably more delicate, we
should be able to detect all dangerous
cases with tar greater accuracy than la
It is necessary to realize, in order
to appreciate the potential value of
the instrument in question, that
there is a class much more menac
ing to. society than those obviously
branded with the stigma of insanity,
It seems to scientists more probable
that the perpetrators of the bomb
crime were in this category than
that they were actually insane
There is a large group of persons
who are apparently normal, but who
are mentally deficient in the respect
that their intellects are incapable of
checking strong waves of feeling.
They include individuals who be
come the prey of demagogues of
various sorts, and who constitute the
real menace of anti-social propa
ganda. It is through these, for ex.
ample, that anarchist agitators, un
willing to expose themselves to dan
ger, are wont to operate. Emotional
instability, recognized by psychia
trists as a definite disqualification.
Is probably a graver problem than
calculated criminality. If scientists
can devise a method of determining
its existence in advance of the overt
act, a grer.t stride will have been
made not only toward crime preven
tion but also toward exclusion of
Mechanical delicacy and precision
seemed to have reached their height
with the perfection during the war
of a method of measuring the mil
lionth of an inch. Thomas Edison
is said to be at work on an appa
ratus for recording messages from
the beyond. Science bids us regard
nothing as impossible and to hope
for the solution of all problems. Just
now we are inclined to choose the
psychometer, with its possibilities in
the way of crank-detection, as the
coming boon to the human race.
THE WORK CURE.
Two instances of cures effected by
the therapy of work are xeported by
an exchange. In one, a man appar
ently a hopeless mental sufferer, was
sent to a state institution, where he
was put to work with pick and
hovel. Before long his mental and
physical condition improved and he
appeared to be normal. "Physi
cians," says the account, "expressed
the opinion that his troubles had
been cured by excessive perspira
tion." The other case is similar.
Having contracted the work habit,
both patients continued to work and
their maladies did not recur.
There is an oriental fable of a cer
tain satrap who was ailing and who
summoned his court physician, on
pain of losing his head, to cure him.
The fact seems to have been that
the satrap "needed nothing so much
as work to make him whole. But
the physician was also a diplomat,
and presenting his master with a
hoe, told him that the handle pos
sessed certain healing properties, to
njoy which it was necessary that
the implement be wielded vigorously
several hours a day. The magic, so
the tale relates, did Its perfect work.
A few, like the oriental emperor.
need to have their work recipe coat
ed with the sugar of deception, but
it amounts to the same thing In the
end. Golfing or walking, digging
potatoes or carrying in the winter's
coal, frankly toiling or beguiling
himself with the notion that his
labor is play, the man who exerts
his muscles is apt to add years to his
life. If we could popularize work.
we would- enormously reduce -the
cost of life insurance but inciden
tally we would also reduce the
cost of other things. The hygienic
twins are diet and exercise. With
due attention to the latter, the for
mer is quite likely to. take care of
MAKE CLOTH TELX THE TRUTH.
Arrival at Boston from Germany
ot a steamer with a cargo of woolen
rags moves a correspondent of the
Rural New Yorker to protest againstf'
wearing of shoddy made from Ger
man rags when good American wool
is a drug on the market. He objects
to a protective tariff on pure woolen
cloth- and clothing when shoddy is
free. He Is indignant that wool deal
ers should sit tight in" confidence
that they will get all the wool they
need by simply paying the freight.
His remedy is that '.'wool and cloth
ing be manipulated where it Is
grown, in mills owrted and controlled
by wool growers, and the cloth sold
direct to the people there who want
An approach to that is belnir made
In Oregon, for a great wool manu
facturing industry has grown up
here, using the wool grown in the
inland empire, and it provides good
woolen cloth and blankets without
shipment of the material to the At
lantic coast to be woven, then back
to the Pacific coast to be worn.
At present there is an accumula
tion of wool left over from the war.
Woolen rags have also accumulated
in countries where the people are
buying new clothes after being de
prived of wool by the blockades.
Possibly the world has enough wool
on hand to make an all-wool suit for
everybody once, but ordinarily not
enough wool is produced to clothe
everybody in that way. Omitting- the
tropics, where cotton and linen are
the rule, some wear mixed wool and
cotton or shoddy because there Is
not enough new wool to go around.
That does not say that there should
not be a duty on shoddy and raffs.
They should be dutiable for the same
reason as wool because they compete
witn American clothing materials.
The market for wool can be im
proved by requiring that all cloth
shall bear a stamp showing the ma
terials of which it Is made. That
rule Is applied to food and drutrs.
and there Is as good reason for ap
plying it to cloth. There was a time
when everybody knew pure wool
wheii he saw it, but that Is true no
longer. Probably if a man knew that
a suit was made of shoddy or mixed
material he would reject it and buy
one of new wool. Enough might do
so to swell the demand for wool ma
terially. At least, everybody would
know what he was buying. After the
first shock had passed, many would
knowingly be content with the
cheaper goods. Material is a small
item in the cost of a suit of clothing.
but better work is put on higher
quality material, and it commands
a higher price.
The existing glut-of wool Is of so
temporary a character that probably
before a law could be passed pro
viding a remedy, the situation would
have so changed as to make the law
useless. But a requirement that all
goods travel under their true colors
demands only common honesty, and
is tnereiore pood for all time.
BOLSHEVISM LOSIKG ITS GRIP.
Armistice between Poland and the
soviet government ot Russia marks
the first decisive defeat suffered by
the bolshevists since they made
peace with the Baltic states. That
defeat marks beginning of decadence
of bolshevist power. It won and ex
tended that power by terror1 and by
propaganda backed by the prestige
or power. Crushing defeat of its
most ambitious attempt at foreign
conquest has deprived it of the pres
tige, and the fear which its terror
ism inspired may now give place to
exhibitions of that hatred which fear
alone has held in check.
The Russian people are not and
never have been bolshevist. The bol
shevist system was imposed on them
by Germany through the importation
of a band of communist fanatics and
greeay adventurers, wnich won
power by intrigue and the most
brutal force and maintained it by
the terrorism of wholesale murder
and torture, starvation, corruption,
spying and a propaganda of lies.
When Germany was beaten, the bol
shevists ceased working for their
masters, and set to work to establish
their system in Russia for their own
profit and to extend it by propa
ganda and revolution throughout the
The military victories of the bol
shevists have given them an unde
served reputation for strategy and
material prowess. They have a nu
cleus of highly paid hired soldiers
Chinese, Bashkirs, German and Mag
yar prisoners of war who are mis
called Letts In gross libel on that
brave little nation which abhors bol
shevlsm. By force they conscript
unwilling peasants and workmen,
whom these shock troops compel to
fight. They coerce ex-officers of the
czar's army to serve by starvation
and by holding the officers' families
as hostages. Trotsky is a great or
ganizing genius, having much bold
ness, daring and quick resource, and
several times he has changed im
pending defeat into victory, but the
soviet has won by propaganda rather
than by arms. It has been greatly
aided by the errors of its enemies.
Czarlst officials and army officers
were many and influential among
the supporters of Kolchak and Yu
denltch, and they revived tyrannical
czarlst methods in the white armies
and in the territory occupied by
them. Red agents capitalized these
facts to the utmost, with the result
that the whites had an enemy in
their rear as well as in front. The
Russian people have been torn loose
from their mental and moral moor
ings by the revolution, feel no alle
giance to anything and are easily In
duced to change sides. They had no
morale to make them fight with de
termination, and so long as the reds,
with their nucleus of mercenary des
peradoes, fought against such Rus-
ians, they found victory compara
Whenever they came in conflict
with a people that had national
pirit, was well armed and had had
practical experience with bolshe
vism, the reds were beaten. The
Finns, Esthonians and Letts felt
their filthy touch, got arms from the
allies, and drove them out, winning
every battle. Patriotism combined
with bitter experience made a nation
proof against propaganda. This has
been the case with Poland. The
Poles, burning with patriotism, beat
the reds all through 1919 and even
after the whole red army was massed
against them they beat it until May,
1920, when great red reinforcements
and their own shortage of artillery,
tanks, armored cars, aircraft and
ammunition forced them to retreat.
As they withdrew, their line was
shortened and stiffened by volun-
eers who crowded into the army,
while the red communications were
lengthened. When the allies sup
plied arms and expert advice, the
Poles turned the tables completely
and have not ceased to win until
they have almost recovered the f ron
tier cf 1772, have utterly routed the
red armies and have given an armis
tice practically oa their own terms.
Bolshevism cannot stand against a
united, armed nation, and when it
infects a people it proves to be Its
The reds are low free to throw
their whole strength against Wran-
gel, but that strength is terribly di
minished. Their best troops have
been broken especially the great
cavalry army of Dubenny they
have lost hundreds of guns and ar
mored cars and vast quantities of
railroad equipment, which they can
not replace. The armistice line pre
vents Lithuania from being a corn
dor through which arms can be
smuggled from Germany. France Is
pouring arms and munitions Into the
Crimea, and the Cossacks of the Don
and the Caucasus are in arms again
Wrangel Is avoiding the fatal errors
of former white leaders, for he con
solidates his hold on newly won ter
ritory before making further ad
vance, organizes popular government
and secures the land to the peasants.
The red3 are embarrassed by risings
In the interior, by wholesale deser
tion, by breakdown of industry and
railroads. Wrangel may be able to
make headway against them, even
without Poland to divide their forces.
With the big milk factories
stocked up to the extent of $300,-
000,000 and foreign demand off,
buying of the raw milk will stop and
dairymen must find customers else
where.- That's about the situation.
The man who confessed ho killed
Denton, whose body was found in a
cellar in Los Angeles, must produce
corroborative evidence before he Is
believed. It's got so down there that
they know a liar on sight.
The Italian government has de
clined to permit ex-King Constan
tino of Greece to pay Italy a visit.
Probably figure they have enough
excitement already without Import
One of the mysteries of automo-
biiing is why men riding with wives
not their own have more mishaps
than when with their marital part
Don Jaime of Bourbon, pretender
to the Spanish throne, is back in
Spain again. What a waste of time!
With that name he could make his
fortune over here aa a bootlegger.
A candidate for mayor says war
days are over and we must be pre
pared to work, Where does he get
the idea that war days were days of
leisure and Idleness?
According to Tumulty there is no
record of the proceedings of the day
in dispute. According to Spencer,
there was one. It's up to Missouri
Every time a new non-skid tire
design comes out, the well-dressed
girls soon vear an open-work imita
tion of it on their stockings.
In Aberdeen deaths are less than
half the births and boys outnumber
girls two to one. Does that mean
more war to come?
The population gain In the United
States since 1910 totals 14.9 per cent
That more than offsets the 2.75 per
cent loss on beer.
This day is sacred to the memory
of the Widow O Leary"s cow in Chi
cago. She had the kick that made a
Looks as if one walk at .least on
the end oS the Morrison bridge might
be laid to favor pedestrians.
- The United States has gained 14.9
per cent in population since 1910
Still paying- good dividends.
Revenge against those sugar spec
ulators should be especially sweet.
Hiram starts east tomorrow, load
ed for bear and donkey.
Last call for Gresham-
LOVpUOY WORKERS W.iST LIGHT
Q.neatlona Deallns With Consistency
Submitted to McArthur.
PORTLAND, Oct. 8. (To the Editor.)
Congressman McArthur, alarmed at
the rising tide of indignation among
the voters of Multnomah county at
his persistent wet vote in the house
of representatives, assures the public
in a signed statement that he will no
upport the Volstead act.
Why this late reform? Surely this
pseudo reform this sudden change of
heart has come too late in the politi
cal, day to accomplish its evident pur
pose to get the votes.
in view oi tnis Delated pieage
properly to represent his own bone-
dry state, the undersigned supporters
of the dry candidate, Ur. Esther Pohl
If Mr. McArthur's persistent wet
vote represents the majority In the
election of 1916, who and what repre
sents the dry element which, as every
one knows. Is the better element
among his constitunts, whose fre
quent appeals to him have Been treat
ed with contempt for nearly six
Why should this element support
one who has so misrepresented them?
If Mr. McArthur was instructed by the
comparatively small majority in Mult
nomah county-(not the state) In laie,
when has that instruction been
changed there having been no test
vote since and why does not that
"sacred" Dladge still hold him? VV hy
change at the eleventh hour? Is the
Should the vote return him to con
gress, what pledge have we that he
will not consider this an indorsement
of his wet vote and so continae to
represent the liquor Interests, in
stead of the bone-dry state from
which he is sent?
Will Mr. McArthur explain why the
exigencies of war, when a starving
world was looking- to the United
States for bread, did not release him
from his "solemn" pledge to the small
wet Interests of the state, as ex
pressed in 1916?
Does Mr. McArthur not Know mat
when the food conservation measure,
which he opposed, was pending; that
aged and Invalid women in Portland
and all over this country , were com
pelled by war restrictions to eat
coarse bread and forego needful deli
cacies and so undergo great suffering,
that our allies and our soldier boys
might be fed, and that the manufac
turer of beer at that time was using
bread material with his consent thus
robbing these helpless victims?
Will Mr. McArthur explain to a
long-suffering constituency why, if
the fact that the Volstead act is the
law of the land releases him from his
solemn" pledge to vote wet, the fact
that the bone-dry law was the law of
his state did not also supersede his
instrirctions" from his district? ,
Mr. McArthur states he voted against
the repeal of the Volstead act, but is
not this more than balanced by the
fact that he voted against passage of
the act over the presidential veto
when the world was starving for
We ask why the Christian people ot
this district should so easily forget
Mr. McArthur's past wet record, as
confessed by him, as to vote their ap
proval of such wet vote in the Novem
If Mr. McArthur repents of his past,
well and good; we will try to forgive,
but the present prospect Is that, as
Christians, we will senii to congress
this time one who could not be
pledged" to stultify her conscience
by a wet vote. (Sogned)
ADA WAL.LALK U.MIUH,
For the Dry Congressional Committee.
REV. E. C. HICKMAN,
For Portland Ministerial Association.
d. V. MacDO.NAU),
For Oregon Popular Government
W1IY CONSTITUTION ENDURES, j
Frimrn Refused to Adopt "Palliatives
and Half Measures."
PORTLAND, 'Oct. 8. (To the Ed-
tor.) In The Oregonian on September
23 you published a letter signed Mil
ton A. Miller, whicn. If sensed cor
rectly by the writer. Is Intended as a
Justification for ratification of the
laae-ue of nations as well as Presi
dent Wilson's course in regard to the
same. But, to argue that on account
of the 'opposition It is meeting with
the league of nations should be rati
fied because the constitution of the
United States was adopted by small
majorities after violent opposition.
which was very pronounced even in
the constitutional convention, is falla
cious. In that convention, according
to Professor Fisk, it was suggested
that "palliatives and half -measures
would be far more likely to find fa
vor with the people than any
thorough-going reform," to which
George Washington replied in these
words: "It is too probanie tnat no
plan we propose will be adopted. Per
haps another dreadful conflict is to be
sustained. It, to please tne people,
we offer what we ourselves disap
prove, how can we afterward defend
Eventually this convention present
ed to the people a constitution not
framed to please the people, but to
provide a mode of government as
safe, sound and Just as human minds
could conceive. The wisdom and fore
sight with which their work abounds
possibly could not be fully sensed at
that period, hut time has vindicated
the product of those screat minds.
The league of nations was framed
to please those people who place their
hope for universal peace in some such
measure, and the plea for ratification
as written is not being supported by
analytical reasons. That a majority
of the framers thereof did not believe
in its being workable -is amply proved
by the fact that it has not been made
use of to prevent all the different
wars in progress now, nor to enforce
treaty terms and awards, and the
doubt of Its being ratified by the
United States is shown by the clause
in the treaty specifying that "th's
treaty shall become effective upon
ratification by three of the high
The members of the constitutional
convention were men who knew the
history of the past and could reason
correctly as to the future, and their
work is enduring. They also provided
a mode of procedure for adoption of
amendments as time and exigency
might demand, which, as proposed, is
to be,- Indirectly, set aside by "a
Electoral Votes by State.
PORTLAND, Oct. 8. (To the Ed
tor.) Kindly publish the number of
electoral votes each tate has and
thus oblige some of your interested
subscribers. W. O. F.
The states are herewith arranged
in the order of their voting strength
in the electoral , college:
New Torlc 4VSouth Carolina . 9
Pennsylvania 381 rkansas o
Illinois 2!.bra.ska g
Ohio 24iVest Virginia 8
Texas 20!Taryland g
Massachusetts . . .ISlWashinfrton ....... 7
Missouri ......... .ISIConnectiout ....... 7
Indiana 15IColorado 6
Michigan . .13 Florida. 6
Georgia. .14, Maine 6
New jersey itnaano 4
Iowa ............. J3(Ore ron fi
Wisconsin ........ 13 North Iakot&. ... . &
Kentucky l.'ltSouth Dakota 5
California lJiRhode Island 5
Alabama lJiMontana 4
Minnesota 12lNew Hampshire.... 4
North Carolina.. .. .12 Utah 4
Louisiana. ....... .10
Vermont .......... 4
New Mexico S
Kaaaia . UoUevada ..IMim
Those Who Come and Go.
Rains have sadly Interfered with
the road construction work 4 the
valley, says Engineer Clarks of the
highway department, who arrived
from Tillamook yesterday with N.
J. Drew, chief inspector of construc
tion. But for the rains the Warren
Job In Tillamook, six miles in length,
would have been finished this sea
son. It lacks a mile and a quarter
of being completed. At Rickreall.
where an injunction held up the work,
the contractors have an exceptional
subgrade and got enough base laid
on good days to permit resumption
of the pavement despite the rain. The
Amity paving job has shut down ana
the Jobs at Corvallis and Monroe will
not get through owing to the rains.
The only Jobs which there is a pros
pect of carrying on with paving are
such as those where the contractors
have laid considerable blackbase. The
grades are bo soaked with rain that
a base cannot be well laid this sea
son, and without the base, of course,
the top pavement cannot be put In
Departure of William Hanley for
Burns recalls an exciting two days
he had in the wilds of Southern Ore
gon, dodging a subpena as a witness
a few weeks ago. An old timer killed
a deer before the season opened and
sold some of the meat to Mr. Hanley.
The hunter was arrested and Mr.
Hanley was needed as a witness, so
Jim Birdseye was sent out to serve
the papers. Mr. Hanley got wind
that he was wanted and went into
the brush, with Mr. Birdseye after
him. Both are good outdoor men and
they circled around, pursued and pur
suer, for two days during which time
Mr. Hanley had to sleep out at night.
Finally, Mr. Hanley managed to con
nect with an automobile and. was
whisked to a northbound train just
in time to catch it, and thus was
transported beyond the jurisdiction
of the court.
About half a mile off shore, be
tween Nehalem and Tillamook bays,
are two large rocks jutting out of the
sea. The gulls have nested on them
for ages and the dashing waves have
worn a large arch through the base
of one of the rocks. Some people
imagine that the two rocks, when
seen from Nehalem side, look like
an elephant, and they have been called
Elephant rock, but the accepted des
ignation Is Twin Rocks, and as such,
a railroad station has been named
after them. B. J. Cooper, of Twin
Rocks. Is at the Imperial. Although
the cottages were filled during the
summer with visitors, the little set
tlement is about aa croweded now
with workmen as it was in July and
According to F. E. Frasier. the shoe
manufacturers, although accused of
profiteering, are going into bank
ruptcy. Leather, he asserts, is scarce
and substitutes are being used exten
sively in the cheap and moderately
priced shoes' and in some instances
these substitutes are proving quite
satisfactory. Boots and shoes will
eventually get down to normal prices,
but this happy day may be a long
time in arriving. Mr. Frazier comes
to the Multnomah from Lynn, Mass.,
and is in the shoe business at Lynn
and Haverhill. For years he was an
official for the largest shoemaking
concern at Brockton, Mass.
C. H. Poole, who travels oiJt of
Boston for a shoe house, calls him
self a basement Inspector. Last year,
when making the rounds, he was met
by his customers, who invited him
into the basement, and there he was
shown large stocks of unsold shoes.
The contents of the basement proved
a sufficient reason why the trade did
not give him orders. There Is a little
better feeling toward shoes than
there was 12 months ago. Mr. Pool
is registered at the Imperial.
Looking after his candidacy for attorney-general,
I. H. Van Winkle was
at the Imperial yesterday. Mr. Van
Winkle, who has been assistant attorney-general
and was made acting attorney-general
by the governor, vice
George M. Brown, appointed to the
supreme court, is now a candidate for
the office. He is opposed by J. O.
Bailey, another assistant attorney
general. The man elected will be the
one who can have his name written
on the November ballot the greatest
number of times by the voters.
C. Ed Ross, who was secretary of
the ctate highway commission until
he resigned to go into the fruit grow,
ing business, was in town yesterday.
His headquarters are now at Yakima,
Wash., and he is interested in a saw
mill at TIeton Basin. 42 miles from
Yakima. When he was a boy Mr.
Ross worked In a sawmill, but de
clares that he has bought mora ex
perience In the mill Industry this year
than he ever believed was possible
wnen he was a yard boy.
She walked Into the Perkins, fol
lowed by a man. Picking up the pen
she registered In a firm hand, thus: L.
B. Peterson and husband, Newberg.
Mrs. Teterson did all the talking as
to what kind of accommodations were
desired. Once tl. husband started
to inquire about trains, but before
the clerk could reply the woman eaid
she would attend to all such matters.
About every two weeks Mrs. R. D.
Parker comes to the Perkins from
Reliance and whenever she comes
there is a neat sum of money left
here. Mrs. Parker buys a couple of
wagon loads of groceries, which are
sent to Reliance and distributed to
logging camps in that vicinity. Port
land Is the nearest source of supply
for the commissary department.
Marlon F. Davies of Union, who Is
handling 20,000 acres of timber In
Union county, is In the city. He is a
past grand chancellor of the Kn'ghts
of Pythias and is waiting to leave
on a special train tomorrow for
Marshfleld, where the grand lodge
win hold its session during the com
A. D. Church was one of the early
day hotel men ot California. His son.
Heck Church,' is general manager of
the Cornell. Keystone, Federal and
Dudley hotels in San Francisco. Heck
is at the Multnomah and has been
look'ng around the Pacific northwest
to gather information on the -winter
Although having a large and suc
cessful farm. It cannot keep all of the
energy of Ross Nelson. 60 he also op
erates a movie theater at Indepen
dence. Mr. Nelson, farmer and mo
tion picture manager, is at tho Ben
son for a few days.
Walter L. Talbot of Philadelphia,
who is president of an insurance com
pany, is registered at the Benson.
Accompanying him Is F. W. Heron of
San Franelsco, who is district man
ager for the company in this section.
Having ivppeared before the supreme
court and talked politics with the
boys at the state house, A. W. Nor
blad. state senator for Clatsop county,
passed through Portland on his way
to Astoria from Salem.
C L. Hawley of McCoy, 'who has
won the nomination for state food and
dairy commissioner, was in Portland
yesterday and registered at the Im
perial. Gabriel Wingate of Astoria, for
merly of the port commission there,
is an arrival at the Hotel Oregon.
Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs. S. J.
Sclater of Victoria, B. C, are arrivals
8jat the Hotel Portland.
I FATAL BLUNDER SIADISBV COX
'People Believe Mnd-Sluigbi( Hides
PORTLAND. Oct. 8. (To the Ed
tor.) The accusatorial propaganda
that (Jovernor Cox fired at the repub
lican party has resulted In nothing
but fatal discouragement of demo
cratic political hopes. It not only
has defeated the very purpose for
which it was designed, but it also
brought into full visibility of public
opinion the true characteristics of the
man himself. When the falsity of the
stories concerning the "slush fund"
became apparent, a great reaction of
public feeling occurred. This reaction
became so strong that it broke down
even the residual strength of Wilson's
following and left him (Cox), without
a nucleus around which to build an
organization of sufficient power to
carry on an effective campaign. It
has proved the most ruinous of polit
ical blunders. His accusations were
too contemptuous to be endured even
by thousands of his own political
The consequence was a revolt which
did not spring from any momentary
passion, but which had an obstinaney
of deep feeling behind. Governor Cox.
the accuser, is now become Governor
Cox the accused. He and his asrents
set on foot a movement to prostrate
the republican party by accusations
of theft, but have failed miserably in
their attempted implications.
Governor Cox selected the poorest
way of all to win. There were two
roots this year. In the democratic
soil that were ready for culture, and
from either of them Cox possibly
could have grown some strength had
he possessed the foresight to take the
advantage. (1) He ardently could
have fought for a new "league of na
tions policy other than the one whiol
Wilson killed. (2) He scould have
made a fighting issue on the modifi
cation of the Volstead act. but he
rejected the sap from both and elected
instead to besmear his opponents with
a coat of slime.
In the face of the exigent demands
for clean and practical politics he di
gresses far from the dignity of a can
didate for so high an office as presi
dent of a great nation.
He has utterly failed to Inspire Into
the minds and hearts of a great peo
ple a single thought that is construc
tive or brilliant. He stands as no
other democratic candidate has stood
before him without raising some
lofty political project to offer to his
countrymen. "Senatorial oligarchy."
"Harding's brewery stock." "slush
funds" and "newspaper silence" con
stitute his sole campaign palaver.
The respectable American -oter
does not like a mud slinger. He is
set down either as a political bully
or a man who wishes to hide his in
capabilities behind it. Governor Cox
has made anything but a clean fight.
J. W. C.
OLD FRIEND IS BACK AGAIN
Subscriber's Plaa to Sever Self From
World News Not Satisfactory.
EDENBOWER, Or.. Oct. 8. (To
the Editor.) Three months ago the
idea struck me I was getting old I
likely was taking too seriously the
world news. To relieve a nervous
tension I dropped the Oregonian for
I was simply lost In the realms of
lonesomeness. Last week the mail
brought me a bargain coupon from
The Oregonian. one every week day
and a veritable feast on Sunday for
only $7. My check went by next mail
and the following day here it was
my old friend since 1875. It acted
as a tonic. Somehow it just fits the
Should I be blindfolded and dif
ferent papers handed me one at a
time, I believe I could recognize its
velvety folds, not by the weighty
news with which it is always bur
dened but by instinctive old friend
ship. Long -may she wave.
JOHN AV. TOLLMAN.
Mason and Dixon'a Line.
PORTLAND, Oct. 8. (To the Edi
tor.) 1. Is the state of Texas con
sidered a southern state? 2. Would
one born in Texas be considered a
southerner? 3. Where is the Mason
Dixon line; also where did the name
of such a line originate?
3. Mason and Dixon's line is the
boundary between Maryland and
Pennsylvania as surveyed by Charles
Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in 1763-7.
It was popularly accepted prior to
the civil war as the dividing line
between the free states and the slave
Address of Mayo Ifoapital.
PORTLAND. Oct. 8. (To the Edi
tor.) Please inform me the initials
of the Drs. Mayo and the address of
their hospital. A SUBSCRIBER.
Dr. William James Mayo and Dr.
Charles Horace Mayo, Rochester,
Oregon's Millions of Feathered Tourists
It would be rather a dreary old world without birds, however cas
ually we regard these feathered folk who are bipeds like ourselves.
Not a little of the charm of Oregon is in its hedgerow residents, it3
jays of the deep timber, and the flocks that turn thither from the
north when winter comes down. DeWitt Harry has written a story
about Oregon birds and it appears in the Sunday issue with photo
graphs. An intereBting story, too, that takes one into forset lanes
and out on the wide marshes.
Can a Dead Wife Be Jealous? We are fed full with the psychic,
and it takes rather more than a stale story of spooks to quicken our
interest. Well, draw near, for there is a story in the Sunday maga
zine section that reaches beyond the weird, and that is the narrative
of the influence of a soul long departed. Tyrone Power says that
his first love from the other world is jealous of her mortal suc
cessor. Can such thing be? Read this queerly unusual story from
real life and the unreal.
There is Better Art Coming Heaven bless the sane son of genius
who first described cubist art as "an explosion in a shingle factory."
The Sunday Oregonian is fortunate to be permitted the expression,
of his views on art in the future. He is George Julian Zolnay,
sculptor, who holds that the world is to know great days again,
when colors and cold stone will yield the true expression of the
human soul. Illustrated.
The Beauty Battle of the Nations The presumptuous English,
gazing upon the pink and golden perfection of their daughters, in
formed the world that these were the fairest maidens to be found.
Now it follows that such a challenge could not go unrebuked for
many a land clings to the same belief concerning its own lasses. In
the Sunday magazine section, with illustrations of renowned na
tional beauties, is an article dealing with the beauty battle that Eng
land brought about..
Pastor Is Jack-of-AU-Trades Yes, indeed, and he gives the lie
to the old adage, does the Rev. Joel Hastings Metcalf, by being
master of two. Not only is he the shepherd of his flock, and an
excellent spiritual provider, but the scientific world recognizes in
him the master astronomer one who calls the stars by their first
names and knows where their places are in the infinite meadows.
Told in the Sunday issue by Mary Harrod Northend.
Talks with T. R. In this Sunday's chapters of the Roosevelt serial,
from the diaries of John J. L'eary, Jr., a variety of interesting topics
are dwelt upon. They bring the cheerful, fighting colonel back again,
as though he were confiding in us as, indeed, he was in Mr. Leary.
Here are the sub-titles: How I Lost My Eye; The Drink Story;
The Break With Tafte the Attempt on His Life; Why the Politicians
Failed. Don't miss this installment, nor the others that will follow
in successive issues.
All the News of All the World.
The Sunday Oregonian.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By James J. Montague.
Erastus Boggs had power and place,
Elijah Biggs was quite obscure;
Erastus Boggs was rich and base,
Elijah Biggs was poor and pure.
While eating luncheon every day
Their hearts were equally upset.
For both adored Amelia Gray
Who punched their tickets ere
Impassively she let them kid.
As patros of such rlaces do.
Her choice if choice she had she
Her smiles were rare her words
But 'Lige had looks though lacking
And lovely ties and snappy collars.
And 'Rastus. who was fat and old
Had nothing but four-million dol
lars. "Youth answers youth" you know
Old age a way has never found
To wake within a maiden's breast
The love that makes the world go
Besides. Erastus was a gent
Who'd led a black and evil life,
And could a lovely girl consent
To be an aged scoundrel's wife?
They both proposed; she asked for
Her heart she said, could not be
One man was rich, but steeped la
The other poor, but oh! so pure!
One would be tender, fond and true;
The other buy her rings and togs.
She did what all of 'em would do
In such a fix accepted Boggs.
They Always Cloned the Ban.
Will the soda fountains be closed
on election day after this?
Dusting Up a Maxim.
It is a pretty mean thief that would
rob a'hotel guest, and a mighty un
Somehow or other that Russian
army reminds us of John McGraw.
(Copyright. 1920. The Bell Syndicate. Inc.)
John Burroughs' Nature
Can Yon Answer These Questions f
1. What birds are songless?
2. When do most animals begin to
3. What is the difference between
fall and spring rains?
Answers in Monday's nature notes.
Answers to Prevloua Question.
1. Is the Simon-pure crow found
in the south?
The crow in his purity. I believe, is
seen and heard only in the north. Be
fore you reach the Potomac there is
an -refusion of a weaker element, the
fish crow, whose helpless feminine
call contrasts strongly with the
hearty masculine caw of the original
2. Does the skunk ever hurry?
There is no such word as hurry in
the skunk's dictionary, as you may
see by his path upon the snow. He
has a very sneaking, insinuating way,
and goes creeping about the fields
and woods, never once in a perceptible
degree altering his gait, and, if a
fence crosses his course, steers for a
break or opening to avoid climbing.
3. How does the maple reward one
In the fall?
When the maples have burst out
into color, showing like great bon
fires along the hills, there is Indeed
a fdast for the eye. A maple before
your windows in October, when the
sun shines upon it, will make up for a
good deal of the light it has excluded;
it fills the room with a soft gulden
(Rights reserved by Houffhton. Mifflin Co.)
In Other Days.
Twenty-five Years Ago.
(From Tho Oreponian. October 9. 1S!5
Coincident with the vote of the
trustees to remove the medical de
partment of Willamette university to
Salem, the faculty members here
announced their withdrawal from the
The Portia ndpresbytery Is now in
session at the Forbes Presbyterian
church. Rev. J. V. Milligan an
nounced his resignation as pastor of
the St. Johns church to go to the
First church in Boise, Idaho.
A spiritualistic seance was broken
up Saturday evening when a suspi
cious woman seated in the "circle"
suddenly grasped the very material
form of the "medium" as he was
performing his stunts in the dark.
Tho combine of brewers, which has
long maintained tho price at $9 a
barrel, has gone to pieces and beer
is now being sold at $7 .SO a barrel.