Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, October 04, 1920, Page 6, Image 6

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    THE aiORXIXG- OREGOXIAX, MONDAY, OCTOBER 4, 192Q
Horning (toxgman
ESTABLISHED BY HENRI I FITTOCK.
Published by The Oregonian Publishing Co.,
I'M Sixth Street, Portland, Oregon.
C A. MOKDEN. B. B. PIPER.
Manager. Editor.
The Oregonian la a member of the Asao
elated Pfeon. The Associated Press is ex
clusively entitled to the uae for publication
of all news despatches credited to It or not
otherwise credited in this paper and also
the local news published herein. All rights
of republication of special dispatches here
in are also reserved.
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Eastern Business Office Verrce & Conk
lln, Brunswick building. New York; Verree
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ree & Conklin, F "e Press building. De
troit. Mich. San Francisco representative,
R. J. Bidwell.
ON A JA1ILU HORSE.
Having completea his western
tour, what has Governor Cox accom
.". pllshed? Four weeks remain before
, election and, unless something
should develop during- that period to
produce a revolution in public opin
ion, the impressions formed during
the last month will be reflected in
the popular vote.
Mr. Cox has been eloquent ana vo
ciferous in behalf of the Wilson
league, but has not offered a prac
ticable plan for putting the United
States into it. Nor has he been able
to change the conviction prevalent
among both friends and foes of the
Versailles covenant that Mr. Wilson
himself has scrapped it by his auto
cratic conduct and obstinacy. By
taking upon himself the defense of
this most conspicuous example of
Wilsonism, Mr. Cox has taken up a
load which will crush him.
Krom the league Mr. Cox turned
to charges about a republican slush
fund, which have been disproved and
have served only to invite attention
to the source of his own campaign
fund and to the popular subscrip
tions in small sums upon which his
opponents rely.
Many questions have been ad
', dressed to Mr. Cox as to whether he
would enforce prohibition. Saying
he would answer frankly, he ans
wered evasively. He always avoided
saying he would oppose weakening
the Volstead act. The people studied
his record and the character of the
men to whom he owes his nomina
tion, and they formed the conclusion
that there would be a high percent
age, tof humidity in a Cox adminls
' (ration.
Trading on the name of Theodore
Roosevelt, whose fifth cousin is run
ning mate, Mr. Cox made m appeal
to the progressives of the west by
t proclaiming himself one of them.
' The people recalled what Roosevelt
the real Roosevelt said in the
early years of the war and what
Cox's newspaper said of the Lusi
tania. They recalled what Roose
velt said of Wilson, with whom Cox
Is in "perfect accord." The men
and women who love Roosevelt and
honor his memory want none of the
Cox brand of progressiv-sm.
From every platform Cox has de
clared that Harding Is the nominee
of a "senatorial oligarchy" which
. forced his nomination. That led
people to consider the oligarchy by
which Cox was forced on a wearied
convention. The senators in almost
every state are nominated by a di
rect primary of their parties, in all
states they are elected by direct vote
f all the people. They are truly
representatives, and their leaders,
n forming the alleged oligarchy, are
the choice of their colleagues. Who
elected Murphy, Nugent, Taggart
'. and Drennan, who compose Cox's
; oligarchy? They elected themselves
by building up political organizations
around themselves, and they chose
Cox because he is one of their own
kind.
All these spurious issues, put be
fore the people with all the art of a
demagogic orator, could not evoke
popular acclaim, for there is a
groundswell of disgust with demo
cratic administration which makes
the people sceptical of all that a
democrat says. Mr. Taft is right In
saying of Mr. Cox: "He is riding a
) jaded horse."
THE MENACE OK MENTAL
ABROUAXCK.
President Hopkins of Dartmouth
college sounded a new note the other
day In an opening address to stu-
dents in which he urged attention
to sins of omission in higher colleges
which he regards as at least partly
responsible for the disrepute into
which certain great words of the
language are falling. "Progressiv
ism," "liberalism" and "idealism,"
each properly significant of "mental
attitudes essential to the advance
of vitilization," he finds, are "losing
their force ... because asso
- ciated so constantly with groups
'. whose theories lead but to destruc
tion or futility." The college presi
dent continues:
We have not put the- samo stigma on
mental arrogance that we have on social
or political presumption. We have not
withheld admiration front the man of
large intellectual capacity who was too
self -centered or too selfish to utilise, this
capacity for the benefit of society as wo
have withheld approval from those who
hoard wealth or political power. AVo have
not held in dlsd.tin the man who utilizes
Bis intellectual brilliancy for irresponsible
pyrotechnic display to attract the atten-
tion of an amazed populace aa we would
- . . . in... u i " uic iiitu w no wnn
like purpose splurged financially or nrm.
tituted political power.
Not a novel conception of steward
ship, but one that will bear em
S phauis in a time like the present, is
the notion that we hold our natural
. trifts, as we do our property, however
honestly acquired, only in trust for
, the benefit of our kind. The arro-
gance of those who misapply bril
liancy of Intellect lies in the assump
tion that they alone deserve credit
tor their achievements. There are
intellectual Pharisees, as President
Hopkins realizes, and they are no
more comforting than the conven
tional kind. The idea that the gift
of superior mental power is no less
-a trust than any other fortunate
possession, once it takes deep root,
will do much to foster go6d under
standing in places now beset with
af ri fa
The Issue here raised is one of in
tellectual and moral conscience com
bined. Without trenching on the
metaphysical, which Dr. Hopkins
himself undoubtedly would avoid
doing, it can be said that moral re
sponsibility is increased by intel
lectual power. We have the right
to expect more from the mentally
superior than from those whose
lights are relatively dim. The lat
ter may more than equalize the dis
parity by "instinct ' for intelligent
service to the welfare of the times
in which they live," as Dr. Hopkins
phrases it. And it must be increas
ingly clear that narrow-mindedness
may be as little to the advantage of
an age as ineffective-mindedness. A
class that deserves to be set down as
intellectual profiteers because it
trades on the necessities and the
disadvantages of others will be
richly rewarded in new inward satis
faction if it will study the face in
the mirror held up by this educator.
There are nevertheless signs that
the leaven is working. In science
the "professional spirit" has come to
be regarded rfs a thing' to be rev
erenced. More and more the idea
that a great discovery can be legiti
mately kept as a tra.de secret is dis
appearing. There is increasing co
operation in the field of scientific
research, as distinguished from that
of sociology. One can only wonder
whom President Hopkins had in
mind when he alluded to the "ob
stinacy of minds and the uncom,
promising attributes of tempera
ments in individuals whose intel
lectual equipment has won leader
ship in movements," which defeat
their own purposes because of utter
failure to comprehend the respon
sibility that leadership of every kind
implies.
DAYS OF WISE COMPROMISK. '
A demc-iratic contemporary, his
torically minded for the moment,
remarks that when the United States
constitution was presented for adop
tion it was attacked on th ground
that it created a super government
over the states and "would destroy
the people's liberties." We are also
informed:
The fight against the leaxue of nations
is the fight against the American .con
stitution all over again. The same fears
are expressed. The same call is made for
reservations. The same charges are made
against those, who framed the instru
ment. But the constitution was adopted. None
of the things charged against, it came to
pas. Kveiy fear proved groundless.
Kvery contention against It was demon
strated by experience to have been idle
and foolish.
Fairly accurate in part. Far from
true in other respects. The principal
criticism of the constitution as orig
inally drafted was indeed that it cre
ated a super-government that would
have the power to destroy the peo
ple's liberties. Hut the criticism was
directed against things the constitu
tion omitted rather than things which
it contained. Its ratification was se
cured by compromise. That com
promise was agreement by the lead
ers of the federalist party, which
stood sponsor for. the constitution,
that they would aid in securing
amendments to the constitution
which would guarantee the ' people
against the feared loss of their lib
erties. The promised guarantees were
formulated by the first congress and
were promptly adopted by the states.
They are that part of the constitu
tion known as the bill of rights and
are in the first ten amendments.
They guarantee free speech, a free
press, freedom of religion, the right
to bear arms and security against
unreasonable search: they insure the
permanency of the jury system, pro
tect the rights of accused persons,
guard life, liberty and property
against deprivation without due
course of law, prohibit cruel and un
usual punishments and safeguard
other rights and liberties.
In a word the chief objection to
the constitution as originally framed
was met, the honest doubts and fears
of those who had opposed it were al
layed, and the document was not in
jured in the process. The same
thing could have been done with the
league covenant. If Washington,
Adams, Jay, Marshall and others
had been so unyielding as President
Wilson the constitution would have
probably failed of adoption. The
early contentions against the consti
tution have not been "demonstrated
by experience to have been idle and
foolish." Probably no sections of the
constitution appear as often in court
decisions protecting the rights of the
people as the sections forming the
bill or rights.
RELATIONS WITH JAPAN.
.Great desire of the Japanese peo
ple for friendly relations with the
United States is evidenced by the
Yomiuri of Tokio in publishing a
Japan-American supplement on the
occasion of the visit of the American
congressional party. The paper is
run or articles by leading Japanese
statesmen, politicians, business men
and writers to the effect that, after
the United States introduced Japan
to the modern world, the immigra
tion question must not be permitted
to cause a quarrel. It is urged that,
as the two principal civilized nations
fronting on the Tacific ocean, the
United States and Japan must co-operate
in the interest of peace: that
they have a common task in China
and eastern Siberia; that they have
common interests in commerce: and
that war between them would be an
absurdity.
All of this Is true, ana it is the
more reason for an understanding on
the most serious poipt of disagree
ment immigration which will put
an end to friction. This cannot be
reached unless it recognizes the un
deniable fact that the two nations
are different, an adjective which
does not imply that one is inferior
to the other. The difference is social.
therefore cannot be removed by laws
or treaties. The two nations can
work together in international pol
icy, in which their aims and interests
coincide, if the masses of their
people do not come into close con
tact and attempt to mix. Social dif
ference is a thing to be accepted as
a tact, not to be argued away. If
the subject should be approached
from that viewpoint by Japan as
well as America, there should be no
insuperable obstacle to agreement.
This is the more desirable because
there is much work in which Japan
and the United States can co-operate
(or themselves, each other and the
world. They can work together to
promote order, good government and
development in China and Siberia,
based-'on the independence of those
countries. There is better prospect
of their doing so now that the milt
tarist is yielding to the liberal ele
nient in Japan. Those countries -will
afford Japan plenty of room for its
overflow population, and Americans
will offer no objection to this expan
sion provided it is not made the
means of political or commercial
domination.
Americans of broad vision -welcome'
the progress of Japan in de
mocracy, commerce, industry and
they welcome and reciprocate ex-
pressions of good will such as the
Yomiuri publishes. They will wel
come good understanding between
the two nations, which is possible
only through frank recognition of
the facts as to their relations.
VINDICATING THE PROFESSORS.
News from the colleges at the
opening of the new term is that stu
dent enrollment is unprecedented,
but that business and industry con
tinue to outbid education for the
service of trained men. The absen
tee strike goes on. The college pro
fessor, wedded to his profession,
might pause over an offer of, say,
10 per cent more salary in an alien
field, but industry offers rewards far
greater than that. An exchange
records the case of a professor of
biology at $2000 a year who has ex
changed his chair for a position
with an automobile company at
$4000; a professor of modern lan
guages at $1200 who has become a
-trade commissioner at $4500, and a
professor of English at $1500 who is
to receive just three times that much
as an advertising manager. Teach
ers of public speaking are turning-to
private speaking, in selling goods; a
$3000 college' president finds that
executive ability is in demand in
commerce and will receive $7500.
The story is not new, and the list
might be indefinitely prolonged.
It is, -nevertheless, to the optimis
tically inclined, a vindication of the
college professor, and an utter re
futation of the cynicism of Shaw,
which was to the effect that those
who can do things do them, "while
those who can't teach." The pro
fessor -evidently is no longer the
dreamy-eyed, absent-minded man of
abstractions who boils his watch and
puts the egg in his waistcoat pocket.
That he has become a practical,
wide-awake man, worth bidding for
by business concerns, is a sign that a
change is coming over the whole
spirit of education.
Yet there is point to the warning
sounded by Vernon Kellogg in the
North American Review, that the
business world in the long run will
injure business if it persists in its
course. ' It will not be the first time
that excessive competition has over
reached itself. Industries that "pro
vide for themselves today at the ex
pense of the future" lack foresight,
to say the least. The better plan is
that now being fostered by certain of
the larger industries, which are co
operating with the technical schools
in creating conditions under which
professors have the promise of a
living wage.
The best type of teacher is worth
as much to the school as he can pos
sibly be to any private concern. It
probably is true that some teachers
are not worth more than they are
now getting. But . the professors
enumerated, who have made good on
the outside, have completely justi
fied their claims.
FRIITS OF ALTOCRACT.
One of the worst consequences of
the establishment of autocratic rule
by President Wilson has been whble
sale discharge, on far better terms
than were given to honorable sol
diers, of so-called conscientious ob
jectors in plain violation of the draft
law.
These favors were shown to slack
ers only. Men who served in the
army without effort to avoid service
by making the plea of conscientious
objection were court-martialed un
der a military code which survives
from Roman military law and were
given long sentences in prison for
small offenses such as absence with
out leave.
Men thus convicted in France
were sent to the prison camp at
Chelles, where they were beaten and
tortured by "Hard-boiled" Smith
and his picked gang of sluggers.
Smith was tried and sentenced to
three years in prison. General Persh
ing reduced the sentence to eighteen
months. A congressional committee
reported that the original sentence
was too light, but Smith did not
serve all of the reduced sentence. He
was released from Fort Jay, N. Y.,
on parole and allowed to go to his
home for several months of the time.
Then he was nominally sent to Leav
enworth prison, but actually was re
quired only to mail a report of his
movements to the authorities there.
His sentence has now expired.
When the soldiers who fought re
turned from France, many of them
landed penniless, their pay being
long overdue, and the administration
had made no provision for their re
turn to civil life. When the slackers
who refused to fight were set free,
they were given honorable discharge,
full pay for the time that they had
refused to serve, civilian clothes and
an apology.
A direct result of this kindness to
men who were too yellow to fight
was a mutiny among the remaining
prisoners at Leavenworth. It was
not suppressed, but by order of Sec
retary Baker the commanding offi
cers surrendered to the mutineers by
sot merely permitting but by co-op
erating with them in establishment
of a soviet to which government of
the prison was practically handed
over. Leniency to the conscientious
objectors was the cause of the mu
tiny, according to Frederick Stone, a
prisoner, who said:
It was the dissension . . . the re
lease of 113 C. O.s (conscent'ous object
ors! by Secretary of War Baker, all al
lowances and back pay. army pay, after
they had been confined six to eight
months; that was what caused the cis-
enstou. aunerai uprising.
The whole story was brought out
at an inquiry, in the United States
court. The prisoners struck and,
when Colonel Rice, the commandant,
attempted to address them, they
hooted him. At the suggestion of the
executive officer, Chaplain Smith,
they appointed a committee which
adopted resolutions asking Rice to
telegraph Baker a plea for reduced
sentences or amnesty, that the com
mitteemen be not punished and de
nouncing the act of Baker in releas
ing the conscientious objectors. Rice
sent the telegram and gave his per
sonal promise that the leaders
should not be punished. When in
formed that the men would go to
work. Rice shed "big tears," accord
ing to one prisoner, and gave the
committee a "midnight lunch," the
first ever served in the prison.
A committee composed of repre
sentatives elected by the prisoners in
each wing was then elected, a con
sitution and by-laws were drawn up
and revised by Rice, an executive
committee of four was chosen, to
"confer with" the commandant once
a week and with the executive offi
cer daily, and subcommittees were
appointed to run .every department
of the prison and its government.
Soviet rule was fully established.
Terrorism by the committee, akin
to that of the Russian soviet, soon
became the rule. It destroyed the
regular discipline and was accom
panied by wholesale stealing, by vice
and drunkenness. Whisky was smug
gled in, Intoxicants were made of
prune Juice and lemon extract, mor
phine and other drugs were stolen
from the hospital and sold to prison
ers, gambling went on openly and a
"redlight district" was ' established
where depraved vices were practiced.
Sheets, blankets, socks and handker
chiefs were stolen in thousands and
shipped away for sale:- Orders, of
the guards were reversed by com
mittees and the latter were obeyed.
The soviet had a slugging committee,
which beat men who reported mis
deeds to the commandant or" guards
who asserted authority. Many men
escaped, seventy-eight in one month,
filling out and signing their own
transportation blanks. Some escaped
In order to save their lives from the
sluggers. Finally-a man was slugged
to death and inquiry in the United
States court followed. In giving a
synopsis of the testimony the Kansas
City Star teiys:
The soviet was sanctioned officially by
Secretary Baker and the war depart
ment, and the army officers in charge of
the barracks bad to submit to the soviet.
All of these proceedings, destruc
tive of the moral spirit and disci
pline of the army, were in flagrant
violation of the law, but they accord
with the spirit of pacifism. Speaking
at St. Louis on September 20, 1916,
Secretary Baker said:
You may classify ma as a professional
pacifist. I belong to every peace society,
and it is my co'uention we ought to sub
stitute reason for force.
In other words, Mr. Baker was a
conscientious objector, and therefore
had a fellow-feeling for the men
who objected to serve because they
were pro-Germans, communists, so
cialists Or I. W. W.. not because they
were members of "a well-recognized
sect or organization whose creed or
principles forbid its members to par
ticipate in war." He found that con
gress had not provided exemption
for his kind of objectors, so he boldly
established a new class, outsldeof
and contrary to law. On October 17,
1917, he sent a "confidential" order
through the adjutant-general to the
commanders of all national arm
and national guard camps, instruct
ing them "to segregate the conscien
tious objectors," to handle them
"with tact and consideration," not to
treat them "as violating military
law. . The order closed with this
evidence that Baker feared condem
nation by public opinion:
Under no circumstances are the instruc
tions contained In the foregoing to be
given to the newspapers.
This attempt to enact law by edict
of a department head was approved
by President Wilson, for on March
23, 1918, he signed an executive or
der that not only members of a re
ligious sect which forbids participa
tion in war but those "who object to
participating in war because of con
scientious scruples but have failed to
receive certificates as members of a
religious sect or organization from
their local board will be assigned to
non conrbatant military service."
Though Mr. Baker has taken pre
cautions to prevent public opinion
from becoming informed of what he
was doing, he wrote to the president
on July 2, 1918:
We are now doing all that public opin
ion will stand m the interest of conscien
tious objectors.
His guide was not the plain mean
ing of the law but all that he thought
public opinion will, stand" when
kept in the dark. Thus was leniency
given slackers, severity imposed up
on those who, though offending
against discipline, had shown readi
ness to fight, and mercy esiended
the bully, Smith. The fighters were
handed over to be slugged by Smith
and his gang or by the other hard-
boiled men. who naturally come to
the top among a'erowd of mutineers
like those who organized the Leaven
worth soviet.
It is to guard the people against
men with such a peculiar twist in
their minds as Mr. Wilson and Mr.
Baker have revealed that the fathers
of the republic founded a govern
ment or law, not of men. - The Wil
son autocracy is a government of
men, not of law, and we see its
fruits.
Mr. Pat Foie, who opens his new
hotel in The ralles today, has some
thing of which to be proud in the
woodwork, all of Oregon fir, with
wonderful efects in the grain and the
polishing thereof. Pat Foley, by the
way, is as much an asset of The
Dalles personally as is his hotel com
mercially." This electrical exposition proposed
for Portland in 1925 ought to be one
of the most popular events ever held.
Think of the grand opportunities for
getting lit up.
The Dutch government has de
cided to make the ex-Kaiser pay an
income tax. It would be still more
to the point if they'd make it an in
heritance tax.
Foor little Pu-yi, the 14-year-old
ex-emperor of China, wants to visit
the United States. Wonder what
movie director has been offering him
a contract?
A fellow thrown out of a Harding
meeting for disturbance at Baltimore
lias exaggerated ideas of value for a
democrat- He is suing for $100,000
damages.
The "punkin" pie is pushing aside
the huckleberry affair and soon the
"punkin" will get its from the mince
article. Thus the progress of the
seasons.
Whatever Commissioner Bigelow
asks for the fire bureau, he should
be given. Fire is a master that must
be suppressed in this city.
New York figures twenty-five
years ahead on her intra-mural traf
fic. Portland would not be "crazy"
if she did the same.
Edison's Invention to talk to the
dead may connect up with Bryan's
heart in the grave if the wizard only
will hurry.
Registration shows a 3-to-l ratio,
and that undoubtedly will be the size
of the Harding vote in Multnomah
county.
September was a wet month in
Astoria, but if it had anything on
Portland only the record will show
It really begins to look as if the
sun has declared for the closed shop
in Oregon.
Why not a torchlight parade for
republican first voters and invite the
state ? .
Last day to get- on the city ticket.
which, by the way, is full enough.
Flour and butter drop today
healthy pancake combination.
At least two days at the Gresham
fair will be about right.
BY-PRODUCTS - OK THE TIMES.
American Gift of Picturesque Extc
Iteration Illustrated.
"It is said that American conver
sation among men tends to degen
erate into a mere exchange of anec
dotes," writes, Mrv William Archer
in "Observations a rial Reflections."
"I can remember ? only one party
who was in the least degree open to
this reproach," he says; "and there
the aneodotes were without exception
so good and so admirably told that I,
for one, should have been sorry to ex
change them even for the loftiest dis
courses on Shakespeare and the mu
sical glasses.
"Here, for instance, is aa example
of the American gift of picturesque
exaggeration. On board one of the
Florida steamboats, which have to be
built with exceedingly light draft to
get over the " frequent shallows of
the rivers, an Englishmen accosted
the captain with the remark, 'I un
derstand, captain, that you think
nothing of steaming across a meadow
where there's been a heavy fall of
dew.' "Well, I don't know about that,'
replied the captain, 'but it is true that
we sometimes have to send a man
ahead with a watering-pot!' Or take,
again, the story of the southern
coloneLj who was conducted to the
theater to see Salvinl'a 'Othello.' He
witnessed the performance gravely.
and remarked at the close, 'That was
a mighty good show, and I don't see
but that the coon did as well as any
of 'em.'
"A third anecdote that charmed me
on this occasion was that of the man,
who, being invited to take a drink,
replied, 'No, no; I solemnly promised
my dear dead mother never to touch
drop; besides, boys, it's too early
in the morning; besides, I've just had
one.' "
The oldtime family doctor is rap
idly disappearing, Dr. Matthias Nicoll
Jr., acting' state commissioner of
health, declared in an. address before
the conference of state health offi
cers and public health nurses, at
Saratoga Springs, N. Y. Specialists
are taking the place of the general
practitioner, he asserted, leaving the
field of general practice of medicine
open to the "quack and charlatan."
To restore the depleted ranks of the
general practitioner, for whom, he
said, "there is a crying need," Dr.
Nicoll advocated that the ' state for
mulate qualifications for 'practicing
a specialty in medicine. The most
important of these. he contended,
should be astipulation that the can
didate must have engaged in general
practice. In parf time at least, for a
period of not less than five years.
"Under present conditions," he said,
after a few weeks or months of
study, a successful case or two, es
pecially in a small community, and
a specialist is born full-fledged from
the head of Jove."
8
The city of Antwerp received its
name in a curious fashion. The first
habitation was a castle of three tow
ers on the river Scheldt, ruled by a
great robber ' named Antigonus.
Legend gives him a height of 40 feet,
and strength in proportion. As the
main road ran by his castle gates
he formed the jolly habit of halting
travelers and demanding heavy toll
ere he would" allow them to proceed.
In cane they refused, or had not the
money, -he seized them and cut off
their hands, holding that the sight
of such unfortunate wretches wan
dering about the country would be
excellent propaganda to . the ' effect
that he meant business. The hands
he threw or tossed into "the river, and
in time the spot became known as
"Hantwerpen" or "hand-tossing." A
giant wooden figure of Antigonus Is
in existence, and . on great parades
it is dragged through the streets
with a man inside,' who by means of
a lever, works the head back and
forth in a somewhat lifelike man
ner. The figure is 40 feet in height
Detroit News.
'
Richard Stapells is Toronto's 87-year-old
youngster. Through three
generations he has wrbled in tunes
pleasant to the ear, and he Is still an
active chorister. Born in London, he
was a close friend of Charles Dick
ens. His youth was spent in Roches
er, England, where he first sang in a
choir 68 years ago. lie is now in his
forty-seventh year as a member of
the choir of All Saints Anglican
church, Toronto. He can reach high
on the scale, though his normal voice
is a deep bass. His son, Richard Jr.,
is organist of the Church of the Mes
siah in the same city, and his grand
son, also named for him, is a Toronto
manufacturer and clubman.
If you have a message to send. to a
girl, the Boston Transcript tells you
how to "say It with flowers":
If you consider her a wise girl, say
it with sage.
If you think her cold, say it with
snowdrops.
Ifyou desire to marry her, say it
with a poppy. ,
If you know she has a sweet "both,
say it with candytuft.
If she impresses ypu as a sad girl,
say it with rue.
If she is of a happy, joyous nature,
say it with gladiolas.
If she seems a prunes and prisms
sort of girl, say it with primula.
If you think her a sour, sharp
tongued old maid, say it with snap
dragons, catnip and a century plant.
Mrs. Louis Bustanoby, widow of the
famous New York restaurateur, re
cently admitted to reporters that it
was true that she had become en
gaged to Count Giuseppe di Colonna.
and said that In a short time she
would return to Europe and go to the
count's home in "Italy where they
would be married. She also laugh
ingly admitted that she had written
home: "I have plenty of money, they
have none. Counts are cheap. Why
not bring one home with me?"
"Yes, I wrote that,;', she said, "and
the only reason that I did not bring
him home was that I was afraid that
I would have to pay duty on him."
The home of an old man named
Walsh of Dungarvan. Waterford. Ire
land, whese son is evading capture
b the authorities, has been raided
at night so many times by the mili
tary and police that he has sent them
the key of the door in order to save
himself the trouble in future of get
ting up to let them in."
"I don't think Reginald is going to
propose, mother, dear."
"But. Gladys, he is constantly buy
ing you the most expensive presents."
"They are what convince me that
he will never be able to rent a flat
and pay the first installment on tiio
furniture." Washington Star.
Those Who Come and Go.
Cigarettes are baneful, whether
you roll your own or whiff the
Turkish terribles of Hackensack, N.
J. This statement is backed by no
less an authority than J. A. Hermann,
of the Portland clerical staff. "
It is noticeable that Mr. Hermann's
net tonnage has increased of lata, and
inquiry develops the interesting fact
that he weighs 193 pounds, while six
months ago he recorded but 146. Ab
stention from tobacco wrought this
change, declares Mr. Hermann, as he
loosens his vest and gazes proudly
around. ,
Entirely willing to make affidavit
that the most ponderous pumpkins
in all the world are grown, in Idaho
with the possible exception of Ore
gon Richard W. Childs, manager of
the Hotel Portland, returned the other
day from Boise where he attended the
Idaho state fair. He was accompanied
by Mrs. Childs. Some year ago, and
just preceding hia honey mouii, Mr.
Childs was secretary of the Boise
commercial club. The ' Idaho state
fair was among his pet projects. He
washed and dressed it, and combed its
hair, and honked the clarion of public
ity. "Despite my protracted absence."
admitted Mr. Childs, "I found the fair
to be more successful than, ever, with
a larger attendance and a roster of
exhibits that exceeds the most hope
ful dreams of the old days. I regret,
however, to say that the two-headed
calf industry has disappeared from
the-entries, though its place is more
than taken in public interest by very
superior dairy and beef stock."
- All the elevators In Portland's fed
eral buildings the new postoffice,
the old postoffice and the custom
house are now smoothly functioning
and halting at the pre-ordained floors.
The heating plants are ready for a
hard winter, whether it comes or not.
And this befalls by reason of the visit
of W. A. Brennan, qf Washington, D.
C, who is officially charged with an
annual Inspection of machinery in
government buildings. Among hia
official privileges is the stopping of
any federal elevator at any floor, or
mid-way, and his least word is law
to the janitor. He registered at the
Imperial during his brief visit.
Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Grider of Tilla
mook are at the Oregon for a few
days. One fails to see just why Mr.
Grider deserted the coast city at this
season of the year. For all the rivers
that flow into the Pacific near to
Tillamook are, at the present writing
as the polite correspondent would
phrase it simply teeming with sil
verslde salmon, steelhead and sea
trout. "The plea of business, how
ever valid it might be at any tother
time, Is certainty unseasonable." com
mented Clerk Doyle, "considering the
piscatorial advantages of Mr. Grider's
native heath."
"T like Portland." confided A. Tt.
Siissman of Minneapolis to the day
clerk of the Multnomah. "I like this
city because it reminds me so much
of my own. They are twins, you
might say, in the sisterhood of
American cities. Of almost the same
size, each is renowned for scenic
beauties, pretty children and cleanly
streets and buildings. By ginger! if
I wasn't already committed to Minne
apolis for life, I couldn't pick another
location that would please me more
than Portland."
With Dewey in Manila bay. and
serving under Gridley when the Amer
ican admiral put the historic ques
tion that opened a decisive naval bat
tle, was Robert L Trask, who reg
istered at the Multnomah the other
day. Mr. Trask, who also saw sea
service with Fighting Bob Bvans. is
now a ship chandler at Wilmington.
Del., and has definitely chosen to re
main on "the dull, tame shore" rather
than to rove the seas as chief petty
officer.
E. D. Aldrich, editor of the Pendle
ton Kast OreR-onian, registered at the
Portland yesterday, where he greet
ed his little daughter. Amy Elirabeth,
who has been under treatment in a lo
cal hospital during the past several
weeks q u I t e grieved at missing
round-up. "The round-up was bigger
and better than ever." said Mr. Al
drich. with the proud smile of the
true Fendletonian.
Miss Marguerite Mahoney of Min
neapolis is registered at the Multno
mah while en route home from an
extended visit in California. During
the war Miss Mahoney was manager
of one of the government hotels in
Washington. D. C. and is thoroughly
experienced as a hotel manager and
executive. Later she was in official
service as secretary to the comman
dant at Fort Snelling, Minn.
Charles Hall, president of the Ore
gon state chamber of commerce, ar
rived yesterday from Coos Bay to
open the Northwest Rivers and Har
bors convention this morning. He Is
accompanied by Mrs. Hall and is stop
ping at the Benson.
Herman Wise, veteran postmaster
and port enthusiast of Astoria, and
B. F. Jones, port commissioner and
community booster of Newport, are
registered at the Imperial while at
tending the northwest rivers and har
bors convention.
Mrs. M. It. Hogue of Klamath Falls
who is one of the most exalted offi
cials of the Eastern Star in Oregon,
is at the Imperial while visiting local
friends and attending to lodge af
fairs. Mr. and Mrs. George R. Sandborg.
and Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Sandborc of
Galesburg, 111., are at the Oregon
while visiting points of scenic in
terest near this cit..
T. B. Cushman of Cushman. Or..
down Cooo Bay way, is at the Impe
rial while here as a delegate to the
rivers and harbors convention.
Mr. and Mrs. K. C. Klersted of
Boise, Idaho, were among the new
arrivals yesterday at the Portland.
Dr. G. W. Marshall and Mrs. Mar
shall registered at the Portland last
night.
J. M. Watron of Roseburg is afthe
Benson for a few days' business visit.
TIME SAVING IS EXAGGERATED
Distances By Old and Sies Routes to
Willamette Boulevard Compared.
PORTLAND, Oct. 1. (To the
Editor.) Publication of the engin
eer's extravagant claim that the new
county road from Russell street to
Willamette boulevard makes a sav
ing of twenty' minutes to autoists. is
not justified by the facts. The old
route over hard surface pavement
by way of Kmerson street and
Albina-Mississippi avenue, is 2.6
miles in length and an auto traveling
twenty-five miles an hour will cover
that distance in six minutes. The
new county road cuts that distance
to 1.8 miles, and the saving will be
less than two minutes. The street
cars from St, Johns come from
Greeley street to the Broadway
bridge, via Williams avenue, in fif
teen minutes, although the distance
is much greater.
I confess to having had a feeling
that certain land owners were urg
ing the new road for personal profit,
but when Mr. S. Benson, one of such
property owners, threw In $10,000 at
a critical moment to get the project
pushed through, I felt that I owed
hiin a mental apology, because his
land benefit will be far less than
that sum. COMAiUTLR.
why riMiior is Kuit ii. v it i
Comparison of Candidates' Kitueas
Strongly Pavers lirpublican.
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., Oct. 1. (To
the Editor.) So many former pro
gressives have asked me why I am
for Harding that perhaps The Oie
gonian's readers might be interested
In my reasons. Here they are:
I am a follower of Theodore Roose
velt alive or dead. While he was
here I worked with him and sup
ported him. Now that he has gone lo
his reward, I stand for the principles
and work for the thintss fr which
he worked and stood. I am a Roose
velt republican.
Had he lived my choice for the re
publican nominee and for the next
president would have been Theodore
Roosevelt. But only the spirit of
Roosevelt is with us still. The repub
lican convention has perforce chosen
another candidate. 1 can not have
what I wanted. That, however, is no
reason for throwing my vote away.
Senator Harding and I have opposed
each other in politics. He was regular
in 1912, while I followed Roosevelt,
and I can never be glail enough thut
I did. He has said thingd about Roose
velt which I deeply rei-ented; 1 have
said things about Harding which he
must have resented just as deeply;
and I have not forgotten. He has
many friends who are not mine, anil
there is not a little in his record that
1 regret. On the other hand, 1 find
deep in his confidence men whom 1
trust; what 1 like least in his record
is farthest back, and what he has
said about forestry, conservation and
agriculture at Marion is sound and
right.
Senator Harding was not made to
my order, but he is by no means the
reactionary I thoiifiht him. He is 'a
republican regular, who supports w hat
his party agrees on, and acts with
the majority. There is nothing auto
cratic about Iiiin. Under him. there
will be no one-man rule at Washing
ton, congress will represent not tho
president, but the people, and the
government will he American again.
Harding is no super-man,-but sim
ple, earnest, sincere and human, best
thought of where best known. Men
who know him, and on whose judg
ment I rely, say he is slow to decide,
but having decided stands like a "stone
wall. What I saw at Marion con
firms it, I liked Harding because he
dodged nothing, looked me straight
in the eye. and unmistakably meant
what he said. And I liked Mrs. Hard
ing even belter.
I want to see Harding elected not!
only because I have come to tninu
well of him. but because he belonss
to the party of Lincoln and Roosevelt,
and because I have had my fill of
the democrats at Washington. We
must have in charge, men and a party
capable of running the government,
and in the White House a president,
not a boss.
Cox is in bad oompany. The liquor
men are for hini. He stands with
Baker, who refused to prepare when
he knew that war was sure to come,
and therefore sent against the tier-
man machine guns thousands of young
Americans untrained or ha.l-tralnea,
and without artillery support.
Cox stands tor Palmer, who prom
ised to reduce the cost of Iivins and
conspicuously failed, but for political
reasons let the liquor traffic go on;
who denied the lights of free speech
and free assembly; imprisoned hun
dreds of people in defiance of the law
he was sworn to inforce. and turned
over to the Southern Pacific railroad
without a struggle $3i0.000.000 worth
of oil lands in California to which it
had no risht. That Palmer was .ser
iously considered for the nomination
at San Francisco shows how low the
democrats have fallen. There may
have been more unfaithful public ser
vants than Mitchell Palmer, but not
many.
Cox stands for Wilson. No sooner
was he nominated than he hastened
to the White House and authorized
the statement that there was perfect
agreement in all things between Wil
son and himself. Nothinc is more
Important than to have done with
the Wilson clan, and the only way to
do that is to vote a&Rtnst Cox.
The people of the whole earth have
learned at bitter cost that what Wil
son says is no indication of what he
has done or what he will do; that his
words and his actions do not match,
and that to have his own way is more
important in his eyes than the safe
guarding of America, the welfare of
nations or the saving of human lives.
If a man believes in Wilson, argu
ment is useless. As for me, I hold
that it is time to finish with all that
smacks of Wilson, with tho ineffi
cient extravagance and secreti veness,
with the national and international
blundering and with the Impudent
assumption of wisdom an righteous
ness beyond human. The only way
to repudiate Wilson is to vote against
Cox.
Finally, Cox is too reckless in state
ment, too shifty in argument, too
much like a, inait runninc for a little
office in a little town. His speeches
shout it aloud Cox is too small to
he president. Harding's speeches could
have come only from a man big
enough to handle the job.
G1FFORD PINCIIOT.
ALL MINISTERS SKXT NOTIC'IS
Problhlttonlsls Assert Pulpit Is refl
nltrlr In Concrresslonnl 1'olltU-H.
PORTLAND. Oct. 3. (To the 15di
tor.) An open letter in The Oreco
nian Saturday signed by C. K. Cline
criticises the statement that minis
ters In a called meeting of the Mm
isterial association last Monday in
dorsed the democratic candidate for
congress from the third district. For
once Mr. Cline is correct. The min
isters did not Indorse the democratic
candidate, but they did most unani
mously indorse th prohibition can
didate and this office is every hour
reminded by phone messages that this
indorsement receives the hearty sym
pathy fsf both-pulpit and pew.
Mr. Cline also says that 1f call was
made not all of the members were
notified. In this Mr. Cline is not
correct for the entire list of ministers
were notified and if any failed to re
ceive notification it Is quite the fault
of Uncle Sam and not of the persons
who sent out call, which was done
at the request of tho officers of the
association and met with their en
thusiastic approval. Those of us who
were present expected Mr. Cline to
appear and oppose the action as he
usually does oppose any action that
does not bear his particular party
stamp. The support that is heartiest
from among the ministers comes from
members of his own party who are
believers in prohibition above party
ties. ADA WALLACE UXRUH.
Pecretary Multnomah County
Dry Congressional Committee.
SONG.
Through the desert of defeat,
Sorrow's sands beneath my feet;
May my spirit as the sun
Burn until the way is won.
Let me bathe in passion's glow
Though keen sorrow's cup o'er
flow;
As I plod, if I can sing
Light shall grow my Journeying.
Jeanette Martin.
Liberty of Speech Defended.
Washington (D. C.) Star.
"Every man is entitled to hi
opinion." "Yes," replied Senator
Sorghum: "the same as a man is
entitled to a composite breed of dog
It may be nothing to be proud of, but
it's his if h wants to hold on to iu"
More Truth Than Poetry.
Oy James J, Montague.
TO A ROBIN.
Your chattering, times without num
ber. When hunting for worms on the
lawn.
Aroused me from glorious slumber
An hour or two before dawn.
Yet not a hard thought did I harbor.
No bitter revenge did 1 seek:
I knew you were guarding my arbor
With that little beaK.
The beetle? that came to devour
The tender young shoots, in the
spring.
When the vines were beginning to
flower.
Fled off at the whirr of your wing.
No aphis the petals dared wither.
You put their whole army to rout.
And busily yonder and hither
You fluttered about.
The slugs that appeared in the au
tumn. The round, .purpling berries to
munch.
Had hardly arrived when OU caught
'em
And joyfully ate 'em for lun.-h.
Your vigilance, keen and unblinking.
I always delighted to see,
tl'oor idiot!) blissfully thinking
It all was for me.
Rut now. you perfidious sinner.
il.v grapes have been pluekcd to
provide.
Not a dainty dessert for my dinner.
But a meal for your little inside.
Don t ask ine lor merey or pardon.
You rust-ally, larcenous elf.
Your labor in guarding my garden
W as all for jourself!
A National l.nltit.
Americans iiivet,t firat and investi
gate afterward.
No Kir ct ion ( rook.
Shakespeare was a poacher and a
plagiarist, perhaps, but never as a
repeater.
lie Fair.
In common justice to Mr. Dobs tftn
government ought to build a front
porch on the Atlanta penitentiary.
(Copyright. 102(1, by tho Bell Syndi
cate, Inc.)
John Burroughs' Nature
Notes.
- . - - - " '' - r i
1. Are crows always cheery?
2. Why can weasels catch rabbits?
0. How does insect life spend the
winter?
Answers in tomorrow's nature
notes.
Answers to previous questions:
1. Does tho woodcock sing while in
flight?
The flight-somi of the woodcock I
have heard but twice in my life. The
first time was in the evening twilight
ahout the middle of April. At an alti
tude of lOU feet or more, it began to
float ahout in wide circles and broke
out in an ecstatic chipper, almost a
warble at times, with a peculiar
smacking musical quality.
2. At what season are the eggs of
insects mostly laid?
Tho present season" Is always the
mother of the next, and the inception
takes place -long before the sun loses
his power. The eggs that hold the
coming crop of insect life are mostly
laid in the late summer or early fall,
und'an analogous start is made in the
vegetable world. The egg, the seed,
the bud, are all alike In many ways,
and look to the future.
3. Is the gray squirrel apt to fall
to the ground from the trees?
Indeed, the flying squirrel has little
or no advantage over the gray squir
rel, and in speed and nimblene&s can
not compare with him at all. If he
miss his footing and fall, he Is sure
to catch on the next branch; if the
connection be broken, he lnaps reck
lessly for the nearest spray or limb,
and secures his hold, even if it be by
the aid of his teeth.
(Rights reserved by Houghton Mifflin
Company. )
In Other Days.
Twenty five 1 ears Ag.
From The Orettonian ef October 4. 1S:..
Andrew K. Hurleijrh of Seattle was
yesterday appointed receiver of the
Northern Pacific Railway company's
property in this slate by United Slates
Circuit JudgQ Gilhert.
Salem. Attendance at the state
fair was considerably below the aver
afre. (late receipts amounted to
$:i:m0 as compared to $4723 in 1K94.
The county board of equalization
has had f'"0 callers since beginning
its sessions and l."0 complaints that
assessments are too high havo been
filed.
Extensive repairs to the Morrison
street tiridpe have just been complet
ed and it is expected to last 10 years
more.
Plfly Yejirs Aeo.
From The Oreeoniaii of October 4. 170.
Tours. It is reported that General
Beauregard Is in the French service
and is urbanizing troops iu South
France.
An absorbing topic in this city has
been the discovery of the father of
Finice Caruthers as an abject pauper
in the streets of St. I.ouis. Finice
Caruthers and mother came to Oregon
in 1S4S and took a donation claim of
.4't acres where i now located
Caruthers addition. Both have died
ami a considerable fortune awaits tho
father.
Mi Lucky of Eugene yesterday ar
rived here with five head of fine wool
sheep imported direct from England.
UII.L, OK RIGHT!) FIRST OMITTED
OversiBrfct by Forefathers Causes
Doubt as to Wilson Infallibility.
DALLAS. Or.. Sept. 30. (To the
Editor.) In May IT87 men met to
form a constitution for the people
of this country. The fundamental
doctrine of government, as under
stood by those gentlemen, was con
tained in the declaration of independ
ence. For four months they worked
earnestly to form a government based
on the doctrines of liberty, yet they
adjourned without any guarantees of
liberty set forth in the instrument as
they made it and after congress met
it proposed the first ten amendments
to the constitution and they are the
Now if those men, aiid they were
ones that give us our boasted liberty,
men of ability and great patriotism,
overlooked the essential things set
forth in the ten amendments, is it
not just barely possible that Mr. Wil
son overlooked something in "the
league?"
Again it was not until the fourth
presidential election that it was dis
covered that something had been
overlooked in the manner of electing
a president and another amendment
was found to be necessary. Is it not
possible that even Wilson could over
look something? Americans will
never goose step in the presence of
any one. U. O. HOLMAX.
NotuiiiK Can Help lllm Xnw.
SAN D V, Or., Oct. 2. (To the Edi
tor.) 1 noticed an item on the front
page of The Oregonian of September
28 headd "Beveridge Aids Harding."
The question I am getting at is
whether it will do ti e samo liiing tor
Cox, and what brand?
R. E. LSSON".