14, THE 3IORNIXG . OREGOXIAX, 3IOXDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1920 TILLAMOOK AND CODS POINT WAY AT FAIR 54 Entries of Pure-Bred Cat tle Win First Prizes. PREMIUM MONEY $653.50 County Treasury Contributes $1000 Vo Send i:.lill)its to Salem and Promote Industry. A striking example of what a good community spirit will accomplish for the development of a district indus try was afforded at the Oreg-on state fair at halem last week in the out standing livestock exhibits of Coos and Tillamook counties. The splen did dairy cattle exhibits of these two counties easily dominated the entire dairy cattle division and for numbers, uniformity and merit comprised a showing that, in the opinion of prom inent livestock men who viewed these entries, would have done credit to any county anywhere in the United States. Tillamook county, with 54 entries of pure-bred dairy cattle, carried off firist honors at Salem, 43 of the 54 entries winning premium money and the Tillamook barn being awarded the f'Z'y prize for being- the cleanest on the grounds. A significant fea ture of the Tillamook exhibit was the fact that the bis barn was not filled by a few large herds entered by wealthy owners of famous show-place stock farms. 18 Breeders Enter Stock. The exhibit was composed of ani mals entered by IS different breeders, who brought the finest Guernseys, Jerseys and Holsteins In Tillamook county to the state fair in a special train of five cars. Another car was added to carry a mammoth exhibit of Tillamook cheese, butter and other products for the general county ex hibit, which won first prize in Its group of coast counties. Through the. splendid team work of the organized Tillamook county breeders, adequate financial support Is being given the livestock industry by the county, and a fund of $1000 was contributed from the county treasury for the purpose of sending the livestock and agricultural exhibits to the state fair. Rollie W. Watson, prominent Holstein breeder and boost er of the Tillamook country, was placed in charge of the Tillamook representation at the state fair, and took with him a large delegation of Tillamook enthusiasts to see that proper attention was accorded to the Tillamook division. Tillamook wlna R 5.1.50. The total of premium money won by Tillamook was C653.60. with an average of $14.11 for the Jersey en tries. $12.11 for the Holsteins and $10. OS for the Guernseys. Their win nings included 12 first prizes, five seconds, five thirds, five fourths and seven fifths. Coos county, with an equally en thusiastic community spirit, although a smaller representation, took second honors at the state fair, securing second prize for its general agricul tural exhibit and first honors of the Holstein breed with the grand cham pion Holstein sire. Matador Segis Walker VI. belonging to Y. J. Simp son, together with several other rib bons and premiums. Enthusiasm over the splendid de velopment of the livestock industry in these two southwestern Oregon counties Is not confined to the male sex. as thero are a number of live stock experts among the Tillamook and Coos county women, and the girls of these two counties are as active as the boys in the pure-bred calf clubs of these sections. JEAN MAIMGOLD IS HOLDER OF BUTTERFAT KECOHD. Robert It. Burkhart Will Sell Jcr ey Herd, but Will Retain Jean as Family Cow. ALBA.VT, Or., Oct. 3. (Special.) Jean Marigold of St. Mawes, champ Ion Jersey butter-fat cow of the world for her age, belongs to Robert Li. Burkhart of this city, who re ceived word of her new record re cently from the officers of the Ameri can Jersey Cattle club. Jean Marigold won this record by producing 10.326.5 pounds of milk and 666.24 pounds of butter-fat during an official test, when she was 13 years and 4 months old. She is now in her sixteenth year but does not look half her age. Her sire was Melia Ann's Golden Wolseley (sire of St. Mawes) and her dam was Jean Marigold, who produced 20 pounds of butter in seven days. Mr. Burkhart. who owns and de veloped this world's champion, there by adding another to the many hon ors won by Oregon Jerseys, has been a prominent Jersey breeder for years. He was formerly president and for several years has been a leader of the Oregon Jersey Cattle club. He recently sold Maple Lawn Place, his model stock farm just east of this city, and expects to sell his splendid Jersey herd October 13 and retire from the stock business. Though he expects to sell the re mainder of his hevd he will retain Jean Marigold of St. Mawes for his family cow. FIRM NEAR AUHDRfl SOLD CALIFORNIA FRCIT MAX BCTS CliARKXCK BECKE PLACE. $2 1,000 Paid for Finely Improved ' Tract of 160 Acres; Several Other Deals Closed. OREGON CITY. Or., Oct. 3. (Spe cial.) An important land deal was closed by the J. J. Sandsness Realty company at Canby last week when the old home place of Clarence Becke, near Aurora, was sold, the price being $24,000. The purchaser was William jeskey of Auburn, Cal., a fruitgrower who came to Oregon to look for a Iocs lion. Mr. Jeskey came to Oregon by auto mobile, looking along the way for a suitable farm. His machine became stalled near Canby and he found it necessary to go to Portland for parts that were broken. He remained at Canby for several days and decided to look over that section. He visited the Sundsness real estate office and when sr.own the Becke farm was favorably impressed and purchased the land which consists of 160 acres on which there is located a 12-room house. Much of the land ' was planted to hops in former years and is now planted to fruit. It Is- the intention of the new owner to extend the plan tation. Mr. Jeskey is delighted with his new home and will take possess ion In the spring. Mr. Sandsness has also sold the Charles Stevens place, consisting of 78 acres, the purchaser being N. C. Smith of Halsey, Or. The price was $12,000. Another important sale last week was that of a part of the B. Mosier place in Canby, consisting of three lots and housj now occupied by Warren Kendall and family, to C. H. Barn ess, formerly of Canby, who re cently returned from Alaska. CAXBY SHIPPING IMPORTANT Clackamas Town Supplies Many Canneries With Fruit. OREGON CITT. Or., Oct. 3. (Spe cial.) Canby is now one of the most important fruit snipping centers of Clackamas county and although the fruit this year has been somewhat short, that place, has done its share in supplying the canneries in the various parts of the state with fruit. The Hazelwood creamery company CHAMPION JERSEY BUTTER-FAT COW OF THE WORLD FOR ALBANY, OREGON, MAN. headquarters at Canby is a shipping station for canneries and is in charge of Carl Schmitt, who has been man ager at Canby for the last five years. So far this season he has shipped for the company to the canneries at Sheri dan, Brownsville, Tillamook, Wood burn and Sherwood 15 tons pf Italian prunes with more to ship; eight tons of Bartlett pears and eight tons of Evergreen blackberries, with more to be shipped. Prunes have brought about one and three-quarters cents a pound; blackberries 6 cents and pears from 2 to 2V. cents. It is an unexplainable fact that glowworms are much more brilliant just before an approaching storm than at any other time. STATE AGRICULTURE PROFITS BY SCIENTISTS' KNOWLEDGE Corn Industry of Oregon Develops Rapidly Under Systematic Breed ing Strains Are Varied. HOW Oregon agriculture has prof ited by work of scientific plant breeders, alluded to in a recent Oregonian editorial, "Plant Wizards," is amplified by O. A. C. experiment (station authorities. The important and rapidly develop ing corn industry was advanced from 17.000 acres in 1909 to 71.000 In 1917 by the work of Minnesota university plant breeders. The two leading strains of dent corn Minnesota" 13 and "3 as bred by the Oregon Agri cultural college farm crops depart ment, are just the types needed for Oregon production conditions. The 13 is a medium large, leafy plant, with a good ear that normally develops to a silage stage at the very time corn silage should be put up just before the first killing frost. It stands cli matic conditions and makes a large yield of excellent silage. The 23 variety is a smaller strain with a medium sized, early maturing ear on a much smaller .stalk. It nor mally ripens in time for harvest at the opening of the rainy season. Al though it matures well, it does not al ways have time to dry out thoroughly before the rains start. Plant Breeding In Beneficial. But even to a yet greater extent, it is shown, Oregon is benefiting by the plant breeding of her own scientists. The wheat breeding work of O. E. Stevens and the smut resistant work of H. M. Woolman are some notable examples. , Total wheat production in the Co lumbia basin dry farm belt alone has been increased yearly almost a half million bushels by use of the Turkey red strain bred by Mr. Stephens of the Moro branch station. The entire stock for this etrain was obtained by multiplying the few selected heads taken as parent stock. Introduction and use of this strain on all lands to which it is best adapted would add 900.000 bushels annually to the amount of Oregon's wheat crop. Mr. Stephens has also bred an Aus tralian wheat, hard federation, that outyielded the common spring wheats of the district 30 per cent in a three year test. Breeding of this wheat has resulted alike in gain to the state and to the individual farmer. It costs no more to plant and grow the heavy yielding strains than the strains commonly grown in these districts. Large SavlngcM Are Reitnlt. Breeding strains of these and other wheats for smut resistence qualities have resulted in large savings in higher percentages of crop for mill ing. H. M. Woolman and Mr. Stephens have tested a thousand va rieties of wheat to find smut resist ance parent stock from which the de sirable commercial varieties can be bred by crossing and selection. Of these some 10 or 15 have shown much promise and one seems to be entirely immune to smut. The immune strain has withstood the severest tests. Inoculation under most favorable conditions for infec tion have been attempted 10 times and failed. It is hardly conceivable that FARMERS DESTROY ' SI TON FEED STRAW Burning in Willamette Valley Called Waste. FAT NUTRIMENT IS HIGH Stock Carried Through Winter on Roughage With 2-Pound Cotton Seed Cake Per Head Per Day. "Scores of straw stacks have been burned the last few weeks in the Wil lamette valley, a profligate waste of feed, litter, nitrogen and organic matter, according to W. L. Powers, chief of soils at the Oregon Agricul- JEAN MARIIiOLD OP ST. MAWES. tural college experiment station. Mr. Powers quotes K. Ij. Potter, ani mal husbandry head, to the effect that the feeding value of oat straw is $1 a ton when hay is selling at $10 a ton. In actual test at the eastern Oregon branch station, at Union, plenty of straw roughage supplement ed by a two-pound cotton seed cake per head per, day, carried stock through the wfnter in good condition. Kat .Nutriment High. The digestible nutrients of straw compared with those of oat and vetch hay are given by Henry in "Feeds and Feeding," as about, two-thirds as much in fats, fully as much in carbo hydrates and one-sixth as much In nritrTa n r n t i n Kavs PnwprR Plover straw contains as mum carbohydrates j natural conditions can be more severe, but some further tests are to be made. Some other strains are so nearly immune that there is little likelihood of infection under field conditions. In fact the smut problem for strains of Turkey red most desirable for the great dry farm region of the basin district has been practically solved. Smut resistance work conducted by E. V. Gains at the Washington state experiment station is equally fruitful. Also the wheat bred at the same sta tion by Dr. W. J. Spillman. which has been developed and applied until the amount and value of the Washington crop are greatly increased. Kanred Strain Prove Fertile. The most significant increase in wheat production from the work of plant breeders was brought about by use of the Kanred strain of Turkey red, bred at the Kansas Agricultural college by Herbert Roberts, professor of botany, and later by Professor L. E. Call, station agronomist. The aver age increase in yield from Kanred plantings is from 3 to 5 bushels an acre. The annual wheat acreage in Kansas is about 10 millions, most of which is of the college station strain. Not fewer than 25 million bushels are added yearly to the world wheat sup ply in Kansas alone because of Kan red. The increased yield per aire aggre gating this vast gain in total produc tion is no greater than that produced by the Moro-bred wheat. The Kan red strain has been in use much longer and applied to a much larger area than the new Oregon strain, which runs from 10 to 15 per cent ahead of the selections commonly grown in the district.. The pear-breeding of Dr. K. C. Reimer, superintendent of the Talent branch station, by crossing good com mercial varieties with wild Asiatic blight resistant, stock through an American hybrid trunk, has supple mented his blight control work -and Is considered a major factor in saving the big pear industry to Oregon. A Morning Dish of GrapeNuts makes for im proved health . and better energy for the days work. The Sugar Saver and about two-thirds as much fat and protein as oat and vetch hay. The feeding value of the straw may be preserved in western Oregon by use of straw sheds. Xltrosen I.o Heavy. "The nitrogen contained in straw is too valuable to be sent off into the clouds," says Professor Powers. "Figured at fertilizer prices, 25 cents a. pound, a ton of oat straw contains $2.90 worth of nitrogen." The value of nitrogen In one ton of other straws is barley, $2.80; wheat, $2.50; rye, $2.40; clover straw, $6.00. "The rotting effect of straw is needed in western Oregon soils," Pro fessor Powers declares. 'This decay is associated with the activity of beneficial bacteria. "Active decaying organic matter Is needed on, most all our soils as it releases phosphorus, potash and other plant , foods from its own substances and from the mineral particles of soils. It mellows the soil and in creases its sponginess and its ca pacity for retaining usable moisture. Soil Ned Organic Matter. "Our worn grain lands and heavy soils of western Oregon more often need organic matter than mineral plant foods." Straw should not be left to occupy tillable land, says Professor Powers. Neither is it often justifiable to burn HER AGE IS PROPERTY OF it to destroy weeds. The following practice is recommended: By use of a straw shed or exercise shed straw can be fed and used as bedding to absorb and convey liquid manure back to the land. Or by means of a straw spreade it can be scattered over the grain fields of the farm, where it may be disked and plowed under. The early heavy rains of this fall will help greatly in hastening decay of the organic materials where they were well cut with the disk before being plowed into the wet soils. COLLEGE GETS POLITICS Whitman Students Hear Rcpub- ' licans and Form Club. WHITMAN COLLEGE, Walla Walla. Wash., Oct. 3. (Special.) The open I ing gun or the national presidential campaign was fired here last even ing, with three local republicans de livering addresses to an assemblage of college students in Memorial hall. Colonel Paul H. Weyrauch, J. P. Neal j and J. L. Sharpstein. former candidate tor lieutenant-governor or wasning ton, delivered speeches, following which many students signed a reso lution giving their support to the re publican party in order that "a safe and sane" government might be re stored. Organization of a Whitman college republican club was also made, Wer ner Baumeister being chosen presi dent, Alice Applegate vice-president, and Chester Lesh, secretary-treasurer. Phone your want ads to The Orego nian. Main 7070. Automatic 5S0-95. Durability is a prominent feature of the Sundstrand. Small, compact and composed of minimum number of parts all con etructed of the finest, wear resisting materials. is designed for sustained, long-life service and'delivers full returns. Only 10 figure keys to operate, one for each numeral. 8nndHtrand Sales Agency K. W. l'rase Co.. 110 6th M. Portland. Or. Telephone Main 228S. ONLY Let ua demon strate on your own work how you can ava time and money. KEYS TO OPERATE Xtuinrrmt Kinds of Laudn 4 Different Prices EAST 494 PORTLAND MANUFACTURERS AND Russvvin Builders' Hardware, Plumb's Tools, Village Blacksmith Hand Made Butcher Knives WHOLESALE AGENTS. FAILING McCALMAN GO. 88-SO FRONT STREET. ' ' Specialty Foundry & Machine Works EAST-SEVENTH AND MAIN STS. Small Casting's and Small Machine Work Our Specialty PHONE E 8408. COMMERCIAL IRON WORKS ENGINEERS FOUNDERS MACHINISTS QUOTATIONS GIVEN ON SPECIAL MACHINERY AND 1ASTlNU3k REPAIR WORK. GENERAL. JOBBING. 'PHONES E 7Z1S E 7275. 1 Phone East 1835. Res. East 1797. L. t . Shope. President and General Manager. SHOPE BRICK CO. FACE AND MANTEL BRICK A SPECIALTY. 381 Vi East Morrison Street. BARRELS AND CASKS And All Kinds of Cooperace at Finke Bros. Cooperage Works 183 Madison, Near Bridge. Main 9143 L. P. DUEBER PLITMBER. Saeccasor to William Mnlrhead. Prompt and thorough attention gives to all plumblnK. jobbing and repairing. 27 NORTH SIXTEENTH STREET. Near Washington. Bdwr. S8MO. East Side Mill and Lumber Co. IlITMBER. BOX SHOOKS. GEN ' ERAL MILL WORK. Sellwood 507 B 1S63 Passenger and Freight Elevators PORTLAND ELEVATOR CO. . East Ninth and Mill Streets Portland. Oregon. Phone East 31. HARVEST SPREADS SMUT WIXDS CARRY SPORliS OVKR COXSIDLTRABLE DISTANCES. State Agricultural College Explains AVhy Early Plantings Arc Often Infected. OREGON AGRICULTURAL COL LEGE. Corvallis. Oct. 2. (Special.) Why early plantings of smut-treated grain are often infected while late plantings are not. is thus explained by the plant pathologists of the Oreg-on Agricultural college experiment station: Smut spores are released in thresh ing smutty grain, and are often car ried by the winds over considerable distances. They fall in showers on summer fallow and stubble lands, as well as, on other lands, and unless started to germinate by early rains lie dormant until the land is seeded. Then when ennuch rain falls to rat t J Mrs. Oregon: Tear this ad out and hang it up in your kitchen to remind you to ask for "Oregon Made." WORKS EAST SEVENTH AND MADSON. J. C. BAYER ROOFING AND SHEET METAL WORK, SKYLIGHTS, METAL CEILINGS, TANKS PHONE MAIN 461 204 MARKET STREET J. E. DURHAM The fender man who take the K 1 n k n out while you wait. Radiators also repaired, called for and deliv ered free in city. 30 N. ELEVENTH ST. Broadway 3214. KNIGHT'S "ROGUE RIVER BRAND" Tomato Catsup BEAVER DQARD FOR BETTER WALLS AND CEILINGS BEAVER BOARD RASMUSSEN & CO. N. E. Cor. Second and Taylor Streets start the grain, the spores germinate and infect the seedlings. Disking stubble lands does not in sure protection, either by burying the spores too deep to bother or by giv ing them enough moisture to germin ate. Hence smut trouble even, with treated grain may occur on disked stubble lands as well as summer fal low. The degree of soil infection is de termined by the amount of smutty grain to the windward side of the field. Eastern Oregon is more sub ject to heavy smut showers than parts further west. The only way. at present known to prevent trouble from soil infection is either to plant on freshly plowed lands or plant after the first rains have started the spores usually about six - weeks of rainy weather. Treated grain sown on such lands is likely to produce clean crops, unless a new smut shower ensues. Danger of smut infection is much less with spring sown graln Hood River High Elects. HOOD RIVER, Or., Oct. 3. (Spe cial.) The Hood River High School Stu4nt Body association, which now numbers rSO, has elected officers for BUYING Oregon-made goods is largely a matter of habit. Before you buy anything, think for a moment isn't that article you need supplied by an Oregon manufacturer? Then ask your merchant for the Oregon made article. He will be glad to fill your needs with Oregon goods, because he knows that every time he sells an Oregon product, he helps Oregon, and everybody who lives in Oregon. He knows, too, that Oregon Products are the finest in the land. Tourists from all over' the world marvel at the wonderful flavor of our fruit, vegetables, nuts and cheese. Our manufactured products are sold from Maine to California. BUY OREGON -MADE Start to form the habit today. Associated J. L. Austin Sheetmetal Works Contractors and Constructors of Cornices, Fkyllghte. Steam Tables ana General Sheetmetal Work. 385-87 East Alder Street EAST SSM. DO YOU KNOW THE BELMONT BATTERY SHOP OR AND AVENUE AT BELMONT, IS GIVINO THE SORT OF" SERVICE THAT PROLONGS THE LIFE OF VOIR BATTERY! AUTHORIZED WILLARD SALES STATION TIRES AND ACCESSORIES. ' EAST 106.1. THE PORTLAND CORDAGE CO. Manufacturers of ALL KINDS OF CORDAGE N. 14th and Northrup Sts., Portland, Or. wpiji1iifj9S5: mmm, mm Rasmussen&Co. Jl Li N.E.Corner SECOND and TAYLOR Sis, TRI'NKS. TRAVELING BAGS, PISTOL HOLSTERS ANU CAR TRIDGE BELTS. MEN'S LEATHER PUTTEES. LADIES' LEATHER LEGGINGS MADE TO ORDER. PORTLAND LEATHER CO. 22 Washington St. PORTLAND TINWARE SHEET METAL MFG. CO. Wholesale and Retail Manufac turers and Repairers of Tin, Cop per and Galvanized Ironware. 47 First St. Bdwy. 3444 the ensuing year as follows: Arthur' Klorer, president: Mont West, vice- I president: Beinice Fisher, secretary;! Katherine Stewart, treasurer; I'aul Reed, athletic manager: Harold Dixon.! assistant athletic manager: Edith Swick, girls' athletic manager; Rich ard Ford, yell leader, and Franklyn Davenport, advertising manager. MINES PAY $5,554,911 Total Returns for 1020 Expected to Reach $7,000,000. SPOKANTE. Wash.. Oct. 3. Divi- Ulllia (VIU LJ Illllft-O VI 1 LUC u .J LJ I . d'Alenes. eastern Washington and British Columbia during thj first nine montns oi iy::u nave reacnea a total of $i.554.911, as compared to a total of $5.0S,317. during all of 1919. ac cording to figures compiled here. It is estimated that 1920 will see a total of $7,000,000 paid by the metal mines of the Pacific northwest. The grand total of dividends paid since the first producers of the north west began distributions to stock holders is $134,790,989. Read The Oreironian classified ads. Industries of Oregon JOBBERS Phone East 3510 Portland Top Co. Eail Water and Alder Sts. Expert Auto Top Repairing Anto rpholatering of All Kind. SEAT COVERS. CURTAINS. Phoenix Iron Works E n g i neers. Founders. Machinists, Boilermakers. Kepair work given prompt attention. OFFICE AND MACHINERY SHOP CO It. II WTHOllM-: ANIJ E. 3D. EAST a. ALT. 211-45 WE ALWAYS BtV WASTE PAPER, NEWSPAPERS AND MAGAZINES I.NUEI'KMIKXT APKR STOCK CO. Office nod Warehouse 474 Jobttnoti St.. lor. 13th. Broadway OOX ESCAPED AN OPERATION By Talcing Lydia E. Pink- harVs Vegetable Com pound. Many Such Cases. Cairo, III. "Sometime ago I pot to bad with female trouble that I thought I would have to be oper ated on. I had a bad displacement. My right side would pain me. I was so nervous I could not hold a frlass of water. Many times I would have to stop my work and sit down or I Would fall nn Thi floor in a faint. I consulted several doctors and every one told me the same but I kept fiVhtinp to keep from having the operation. I had read so many times of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and it helped my sister so I began taking it. I have never felt better than I have since then and I keep house and am able to do all my work. The Vege table Compound is certainly one grand medicine." Mrs. J. R. Matthlws, 3311 Sycamore Street, Cairo, III. Of course there are many serious cases that only a surgical operation will relieve. We freely acknowledge this but the above letter, and many others like it, amply prove that many operations are recommended when medicine in many cases is all that is seeded. Feel Under a Thousand obligations to Dr. Burk hart for his prrcat generosity in end inc ine a trial treatment of Dr. Burk h art's Vegetable Compound, which restored me. I can eat-and sleep well; digest my food ; pains in the back are sone. H. S. Wilson, Denver, Colo. Write today and get a trial treat ment of Dr. Burkhart's Vegetable Compound. You will derive the name benefit for Liver, Stomach Trouble and Constipation. All druj; stores. 30-day treatment, 25c; 70 days, 50c. Address 621 Main St., Cincinnati, O. Adv. URINL ' iKht and Mornlnir. Have S t r o n (c , Healthy Kyea. If they Tire. Itch. C.t tCC Smart or Burn, if TOUR LY tvi Sore. Irritated. In- flamed or Granulated, use Murine often. Soothen, HefreBbe. t-ate tor Infant or Adult. At all DruRgists. Write for Free Eye Book. Murine Erf ltcmedy Co. thivaso. 4 XLtrerent lvlrodn of 1 . B d rT 4 Different Prices EAST 494 HOTEL HOYT Strictly Fireproof. Near both depota and convenient car servica to ail narta of the city. Hngrle iioomg Without Hath, $1 and tip bioKle KuoniM ith Bath, f-'i and up KI.BKliT KOHK. Mutmgt-r. 1WH StV2 - ' -lX.:"