Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, August 02, 1920, Page 6, Image 6

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    6
TTIE 3IOH?mCG OTIEGOIA. MONDAY. AUGUST 2, 1920
.ESTABLISHED BY jsjk -
Published by The (jregonian
13S Sixth Street. Portland Ores on
C. A. HORDES.
Manager. "
'r Tha Oregonian Is a member of the Asso
' elated Pre.. The A.eoclated Pres.
exclusively entitled to the use for u bHc a
tion ot all news dispatches credited to K
or not otherwise credited in this paper and
also the local news published hr' '
rights of republication ot special dispatches
herein are also reserved.
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How to Remit. Send postolfice money
erder express or personal check on your
local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are
at owner's rlik. Oive postoffice address
In full, including county and 'state.
Postage Rates. l,to 16 paces, 1 cent;
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pages. 5 cents; SJ to pages. cents,
foreign postage.' double rates.
Eastern Business Of flce.-r-Verree Conk
tin. Brunswick building. Nw York; verree
V Conklin. Steger building. Chicago: Ver
ne & Conklin. Free Press building De
troit. Mich. San Francisco representative.
EFFECTS OF THE KATE INCREASE.
At last the American people are to
" pay for transportation what it costs,
and the decision of the interstate
commerce commission on the gen
eral advance tells how much this
cost has risen under war conditions.
mi i.inr, .-iBirled to eauity
- by requiring passenger traffic to pay
T.arf nf the bill, but has been more
, merciful with it than with freight
traffic. No just complaint can be
made against the" 50 per cent in-
crease in Pullman and observation
.car rates. The former are often, the
. , . . i ..-in., with wilrri
- those who travel from necessity can
dispense and for which those who
" iravpl for nleasure or desire extra
couiiuri BllUUW i'1 J J
Notwithstanding all the forcible
objections which have been made to
a horizontal percentage increase in
freight rates, the commission has
made it. Probably it would justify
this decision by the imperative ne-
n nntlini, tha HAW fatPS in
."Vcaau; w l i . o - -
effect as early as possible in order to
stop loss, which the government
bears under its guaranty till Septem
ber, and by the long and formidable
task of adjusting eacn particular
rate to the necessities of the roads
and to the conditions to which it
" must apply. The only way out seems
to have been to apply the percent
ages generally and to leave the roads
to make variations demanded by par
ticular localities or industries after
ward. That course was followed
when a 25 per cent Increase was
made in June, 1918, and the adjust
ments are hardly yet completed.
Objections of Pacific coast ship
pers to the plan of the railroad ex
ecutives have been met to some ex
tent by dividing the Rocky mountain
and Pacific territory from that be-
. .1 iri....;cl.nt V.
tweeii met ii.ieicickiipi inci o.uu ins
mountains and by making the ad
vance for the former 25 per cent as
compared with S5 per cent for the
lattai- Trtis rfimnpimatps in soma
measure for the longer hauls to the
far west and is Justified by the
smaller need of additional revenue
for the Pacific roads than for those
of the middle west. But by advanc
ing rates in the Pacific and southern
regions in the same percentage 25
per cent the commission disturbs
the relation between Pacific coast
and southern lumber in middle west
markets. This is one of the many
effects of the general advance which
will require special adjustment. '
Expectations that revenue of the
various roads, or of the roads of sev
eral regions, will increase in the per
centages fixed are likely not to be
realized. By charging an additional
4 0 per cent as against 26 per cent for
the south, the eastern roads are
likely to find that southern industry
Is stimulated at the expense of that
1 of the northeast and that much ex
T. port and import traffic which now
- and Philadelphia will be diverted to
m southern ports. The eastern roads
jnay find, however, that relief from
the glut, of traffic . which has bur
dened them since the war boom be
gan will facilitate and speed up
movement to such a degree that the
percentage of operating expenses will
be diminished and that they will de
prive the desired revenue from a re
duced volume of traffic. From the
same cause the southern roads may
so increase their volume of traffic
within their cvipaciity that their net
; income will esceed the 6 per cent at
which the commission aims.
On the Pacific coast particularly,
find to some extent on other coasts,
the railroads may be disappointed of
. hoped-for results. With ample ton
nage available, much traffic may be
diverted to the sea. Transcontinental
roads may lose lumber to ships
which will carry it to New Orleans
for transfer to railroads which will
distribute it through the middle west,
1 1 nnrlh 1 tli nlin .nct., f .... ..
... I " ..v..,. . . . 1U1W AVI Utii -
riage inland. These' rouds would then
be obliged to haul cars eastward
empty which had brought goods west
lor export.
. In fact, the percentage increase
may prove to be only the beginning of
' a readjustment of rates in detail
which shall in the aggregate yield
the desired increase of revenue and
of a redistribution of traffic between
rail and water lines and between dif-
' . ferent rail lines. - Railroads may lose
long hauls to water lines, but may
profit materially by short hauls of
' water-borne traffic between coast
- Inland points. Until water freights
become stabilized, further adjust
ments must be made, but we may be
cure that .transportation is on a per-
; xuanently higher level of cost.
the Obregon government was as fol
lows: Since the government considers Itself
sufficiently strong, being - supported by
public opinion -with regard to the integrity
of its proceedings, and does not fear that
Gonzalez will continue to -be -a peril to
the stability of its administration, you will
therefore set him absolutely at liberty.
The nation has already expressed its in
exorable determination In this matter.
Amnesties are often dictated by
consciousness of strength, though
less frequently by desire to employ
power humanely than by the motive
of impressing the opposing side with
the idea that it could be exercised at
will. The earliest recorded amnesty
made certain important exceptions,
by which the principle of vengeance
was preserved while -the power of
pardon was distinctly asserted. This
was at Athens, when the thirty ty
rants were expressly excepted from
the gift. Napoleon excepted Talley
rand from his amnesty of 1815. The
general amnesty proclaimed by
President Johnson after the civil war
is the last noteworthy example and
was dictated by higher motives, in
all probability, than any other in the
world's history. It was not tinctured
with necessity for disarming opposi
tion, as was that of Henry VII, who
thus brought the rebelfious forces
into camp. But amnesties are by no
means common in Latin countries,
and we are warranted in supposing
that the pardoning of Gonzalez means
that the government believes that he
will serve its purpose best as a pitia
ble figure owing his life to his supe
riors than as a martyr to a rebel
cause.
When Mexican governments begin
to grant amnesties, it is a sign that
new forces are at work. Obregon and
his advisers at least believe that the
ground Is secure under their feet.
PERFECTED TO THE LAST MILE.
Human achievement is the realiza
tion of dreams that have been nur
tured by endeavor. All artistic beauty
and all utility were so conceived and
created. Among lesser attained ob
jectives, though it is or high moment
to Oregon, stands the Columbia river
highway. The last link in the well
nigh perfect pavgment, stretching
from Portland to Hood River, has
been completed. The project that
many declared to be beset with in
surmountable obstacles, and which
for several years has ranked as one
of the wonder roads of the world, is
finished to the final spadeful of
earth, the last yard of surfacing. It
was eight years in the making, but
successive centuries will not weary
of it, for it penetrates such scenery
as compels belief in deity.
High abqve the present grade of
the highway there once perched an
old state road that knew the traffic
of pioneer days. It linked the mountain-cleft
sections of Oregon, and the
pony express and the ox-cart were its
traffic. No more compelling com
mentary upon the progress of the
state can be found the ruin of the
old dirt wagon trail and the smooth
graceful surves of the modern pave
ment. It was days in the old times,
It is hours now. And many men still
in the prime of life have witnessed
the transition.
Tourists come and are captured by
the charm, the wild beauty of the
Columbia river highway. They will
continue to come and its fame will
increase, for there is nothing tran
sient about the finished triumph, nor
is there anything transient in the
character of the scenery which lm
pells their tribute. Pavements there
are In plenty, whereupon motors
may glide as smoothly as swallows
on a breeze, but there is only one,
pavement that enters the great gorge
of the Columbia. Tet the scenic ad
vantages of the famous roadway are
only incidental to the practical pur
pose it serves in the arterial system
of Oregon transportation. It en
dures as an incentive, a pledge, for
the construction of real roads, until
such time as all counties are neigh
bors through the facility of travel.
It has been said that the progresslve
ness of a people may be guaged by
the condition of their roads. Oregon
will continue to meet e test.
centration is a positive injury to the
nation. It lead to the dispersion of
traffic to other ports, and that fact
led the administration, congress and
ports in general to contemplate fur
ther dispersion. Transportation is
one of the most complex problems
which confront the nation, and there
is a growing tendency to 'Seek a so- ,
lution partly by using to their full
capacity all railroads and all ports J
instead of crowding to their full
capacity or beyond it the roads lead
ing to New ,Yorok and using many
others to only half their capacitiy.
The proper distribution of traffic
among railroads and ports Is inti
mately connected with the general
prosperity of the country. In the
ong run the output of industry is
limited by the carrying capacity of
the transportation system and by the
volume of traffic which can pass
through railroad terminals and ports
without delay or' undue expense In
order that production may increase.
it is necessary that half the foreign
trade be no longer done by New
York. That city might, doubtless
rould, retain Its leadership, but its
pride in bigness must yield in some
measure to the general good.
There Is a moral for Portland In
New York's predicament. This port
is the ocean outlet of a territory far
exceeding that tributary to New
York in area and having as great
potential wealth. Its growth as a
port has Just begun, and it is essen
tial that we plan on a large scale for
the future In order that we may not
find ourselves cramped, as New York
is. We need to construct all harbor
Improvements in such manner that
they will fit In with future improve
ments. That requires a - general,
broad plan of development, to be
carried out in units from time to
time as the necessities of commerce
dictate. It requires the development
and full use of railroads and water
ways, and above all, railroad ter
minals with room for expansion as
need grows. By keeping before us a
vision of the greatest possibilities
and by working in harmony with
that vision, we can insure that the
port's transportation and harbor fa
cilities will grow in, pace with its
commerce.
SIGN'S OF PEACE IN MEXICO.
The surrender of Pancho Villa
may have been an indication of
T w eakness on the latter's part, though
It would seem that the terms said to
.-have been conceded to him are sig
- nificant of the federal government's
equal belief in the insecurity of its
own position with a still formidable
rebel in the field. There are, how
ever, certain other signs that sta
bility is on the way to returning to
the country.
One of these is the release of Pablo
Gonzalez, found guilty of inciting to
rebellion. Formerly, to obtain pos
session of the person of an opponent
was to guarantee that the aforesaid
opponent would promptly face a fir
ing squad. The cases of Gonzalez
ind Villa differed in the respect that
NEW YORK'S SUPREMACY IN DANGER.
Alarm 13 sounded in New York be
cause the commerce of the port has
fallen below half of the total for the
whole country and because some
steamship lines have transferred
their business to other ports, also be
cause other ports are equipping
themselves for competition with New
York. The interview with Collector
Newton, a synopsis 01 which is pub
lished in another column, is a sum
mons to the proud Empire City to
wake up, lest it lose its its pre-emi-
nence, and to expand its facilities to
accommodate half of the nation's
commerce nowwithstanding contin
ued growth of that commerce.
His warning is notice that even the
greatest port with the best natural
location and the best lines of interior
communication is not secure against
competition and cannot safely permit
its facilities to become obsolete and
inadequate. But it suggests that a
condition is unna iral which sends
half the commerce of this great
country through one port and leaves
all other ports to divide the other
half among them. That condition is
artificial and has arisen through op
eration of forces running counter to
the natural lines of trade. The great
financial interests which built rail
roads centered in New York and they
arranged the routes to lead to that
port, while they subordinated other
ports. That led the principal steam
ship lines to make New York their
American terminal, and these at
tracted others. In other days before
railroad regulation, rates discrimin
ated in favor of N.w York, especially
as the roads competed most keenly
for the largest volume of traffic.
But there is a limit to the volume
ot commerce that even New York
can economically handle. If th
harbor improvements that Mr. New
ton suggests should be made it would
still be necessary to expand railroads
and terminals in order to carry the
traffic which they would stimulate
The cost of land for this purpose in
the vicinity of New York would be
far higher than at other ports which
are just developing. In a city which
centers on an island theTse improve
ments would Involve an extensive
system of tunnels and bridges, which
would also be very cosMy and which
other ports would not need. All this
work might impose an intolerable
tax on the commerce of the port,
tax which might drive much of it to
other ports. It may b that the com
merce of New York has grown to the
point of saturation. Though there is
scope for expansion of harbor facil
ities, the railroad and terminal im
provements may not be economically
feasible.
New Yorok may wish to mark its
supremacy by handling half of the
foreign trade, but the interests of the
whole nation should be placed above
those of any one port, no matter how
big. The freight blockade during the
BEHIND THE BARS AGAIN.
.The Pendleton prisoners are in
their cells again. In breaking Jail
they elected to become outlaws and
murderers, and the comparative tri
viality of their- original crimes is
overshadowed by blood-guilt in the
ruthless killing of Sheriff Taylor.
Such was the hazard as they took it.
Now that the brief desperate flight
is ended, now that bar and bolt en.
close them once more, it is but fit-
ting that the state should require of
them the proper forfeit and try each
and all for the major crime of mur
der.
It is sentimental silliness to insist
that the actual murderer, the half
breed who sped the fatal shots, should
suffer alone for the murder of the
courageous officer who died in the
discharge of his duty. By the act of
one, and in the furtherance of a
common conspiracy, all are involved
If ever the argument is raised, as it
will be, let citizens who think well of
their own peace and safety remem
ber that Sheriff Taylor crossed thi
divide of death because he sought to
insure protection, and through the
act of a conspirator who followed the
course of conspiracy to one of its
logical ends.
The patience and self-restraint of
Pendleton citizens was sorely tried
when possemen returned with their I
captives. Men do not see the body of
a dead friend, slaiir through treach
ery, without suffering the most vio
lent impulse toward primitive justice.
It is vastly to the credit of Sheriff
Taylor's home town, distraught by
his death, that law and order pre
vailed and that an incipient mob was
dispersed by the mere suggestion
that law and orderwere the creed of
the dead officer, and that his first
wish would have been for the routine
procedure of justice. Lynchings are
with the violent past, or should be,
and the course of the courts is fully
as efficacious as the captured out
laws shall learn.
It was "not in the cards" that even
the wildestof Oregon country should
conceal these men who were unwill
ing to pay their debts to the social
order, and whose choice was freedom
at the most dreadful price. The west
is no longer the west, in the melo
dramatic sense, where tough gunmen
may slay and flee to safety. Crime
doesn't pay in central Oregon any
more than it does in central Ohio.
Soon or late, and more often the
former, criminals discover that the
law is inexorable. A long succession
of brave, unostentatious officers have
brought this to pass. Sheriff Taylor
was notable among them.
reflections by no particular fiat of
dissatisfaction, with their comport
ment while free and foot-loose, but
by the unanalyzed and entirely na
tural Impulse to complete their out
ing, in fancy's fields, if not else
where. So it is that they Invent er
rors in the original itinerary and
achieve for themselves a few more
hours of heart's-desire, busied at cor
recting the course.
Now it is- the fact that all who re
turn from freedom, where trtey wore
old clothes with more real gratifi
cation than ever they dressed in
new, have attained, the guerdon of
vacation If they feel a vibrant elixer
flowing smoothly through their veins
and lending to their respective coats
of tan that tint referred to by ad
miring Triends as "a wonderful
color," and if their hearts are filled
with appreciation, if not understand
ing, of the pages of that Infinite book
lately opened to them. They have
amassed such treasure of memory as
may not be spent In a. day, but will
remain long as an open chest to be
pilfered at will.
Like Fiddler Jones, of whom Ed-
sard Lee Masters spun a verse, they
will contemplate their expended va
cation with a great deal of pleasure,
and "not a single regret." Of course.
tne fiddler e-eferred to his discarded
mortality, but the blithe satisfaction
of his recollections is entirely appli
cable to holiday reminiscence. Re
gret is something that delves deep, as
a worm at the heart of a plum, and
that eatf and eats and will not be
glutted. Have you any such thought
of the days that are done, splendidly
spent in vacation? If you have, for
get it! b ot the chances are that, ac
cording to the law of limitations, the
best of good times was enjoyed by I
all aswe used to say in the country
press when we wrote of the church
sociable.
For the returned vacationist has
met and held speech with the bold
explorer who took the other trail.
nas talked with the artful angler
who fished the upper lert fork, has
swapped experiences with that hardy
wight who penetrated to the lake be
yond the ridge, and has possessed
himself vicariously of their combined
experiences. He finds that they too
returned unsatisfied, and that they
packed the duffle and took the road
to home with the conviction that still
other trails and other forks and other
lakes and ridges cried out for inspec
tion and offered richer reward than
had been found. Insatiable, intri
guing, altogether lovely, the spirit of
vacation had whispered to them as it
had to him. Yet if they have a gen
uine grievance, an honest cause for
complaint, it simmers down to the
self-born charge that the supply of
bacon was inadequate to cope with
the mighty demands of appetite,
or that someone forgot to Include
spoons.
Yet this we do know, and no
amount of specious argument is go
ing to remove the definite conviction
that hard by Mt St. Helens, where
the cold, swift rivers are tinted with
glacial silt, the ash of craters that
coughed their last ever so many ages
ago, there is a cliff and an eddy. We
dwell particularly upon that eddy,
a whorl that no canoe ever braved.
for it is the residential sector of a
Dolly Varden trout not less not an
ounce than ten pounds In weight
ana almost as old as the mountain
He would not rise to the spinner.
neither would he mumble the lure of
the patient bait fisherman; and flies
were nothing at all in his serene and
patriarchial career. But if
She came toward you with glad
eyes and outstretched hands, whis
pering of places near the skyline, and
ror a time she led you farther away
from the old ways, from your own
self, than ever you dreamed of. Be
assured she kept her promises, this
spirit of vacation, and if your eyes
are wistful at the parting so are hers.
Gonzalez was in custody while Villa
was not. The order promulgated by war proved that such unnatural con-
LOOKING BACKWARD ON VACATION.
May fortune extend some measure
of recompense to those who- do not
dwell, sensibly and occasionally, in
the realm of retrospection. They
need it. Lacking the liking or the
faculty for peering into the past they
miss a joy entirely and favorably
comparable to prevision of the fu
ture. Of what worth, for example,
would vacation be if those who had
tested its adventures and its restful
episodes, who had rifled it of tan
and tang, were promptly to . forget
the keen enjoyment of its epic hours?
Certainly its physical gifts would still
remain in possession, but the re
turned vacationist who rested con
tent with these would be, indeed, a
brother to the ox. By some kindly
dispensation of providence, however,
the memory of vacation days is in
sured to the most prosaic as though
the fortnight s chat with nature had
wakened the child poet that sleeps in
all of us.
Looking backward on vacation, as
one. turns on a hilltop to cast a
glance at the green valley of leisure
through which he traveled afore
time. Is both inevitable and excellent.
The pilgrim sees the days arrayed in
incident and allure, even as he spent
them. Far-away streams slash
through cool canyons in a hurry of
foam and bright water. Camp fires
kindle in cool dusks, wherein the
trees are garbed with mysterious
shadow and the silende rings with
music that is not heard, but sensed.
As plainly. If a pool so lovely ever
can be plain, as when the idler cast
his flies to the dripping verge of the
rock the mental eye beholds again an
eddy where the trout were leaping
that time the mountain shone with a
great joss of gold in the dawn.
While there is no vestige of regret
in these fanciful returns, nor would
one alter them were the power his,
there is a game one plays with recol
lection while the spell of vacation
lingers. It is the game of the other
trail, the left upper fork of the wil
derness river, the lake beyond the
ridge, the trip that never was taken,
the bait that never was tried a most
delightful variant of the otherwise
rueful pastime of might-have-been.
Vacationists are committed to tiitae
The twenty-first annual conven
tion of the Gideons conveys a sug
gestion as to the power of an idea
patiently persisted in. Modern Gid
eons, as most traveling men and
some others know, have as their mis
sion the placing of a Bible in every
hotel room in the United States. A
few Bibles are sold, but at a price
that leaves no margin of profit. The
work depends on private benefac
tions for its support and it seems,
sometimes, as If hotels were being
built must faster than they can be
supplied with copies of the good
book. The Gideons, despite their
more than two decades of endeavor,
are still a million and a half Bibles
short of their goal.
New York has bought two and a
half grains of radium for $225,000.
for "purposes of social utility."
There's nothing like having plenty of
radium around when there'are social
affairs coming off.
To put it in a brief way. Engineer
Connolly's advice to the driver means
the locomotive is bigger than the
auto and goes faster and the driver
must Be wary. He is right.
t -
By returning to the land of their
forefathers, the Hawaiian-born Japa
nese bid fair to settle a possible In.
ternational issue in a highly satis
factory manner.
In avoiding an automobile a woman
was killed by a streetcar Saturday
and that on a crossing. The '"Safety
First" sign may as well be turned
to the wall.
-One of the issues in the senatorial
campaign of the Hon. Frank Myers
might be why government has not
even filled the place - e was forced to
vacate.
It Is like old times .to read of a
sheepherder being shot and his band
driven over a precipice. Parts of the
west are still wild.
More than a hundred are seriously
ill from eating ice cream at a church
festival in Illinois. Moral: Wait for
the oyster.
With that Seattle boy to null
power from the air and -Ponzi to
finance the scheme, the world would
be theirs.
The fellow masquerading in Paris
as Prince Joachim, the siiicide son of
the ex-kaiser, had not a high am
bition.
BY - PRODUCTS OF THE TIMES
Be Franklin Recalled as Forerunner
of Pussyfoot Johnson.
Benjamin Franklin was the first
"pussyfoot" to be exported from
America to England, observes the
Manchester Guardian. As a young
man .he lived for some time In Lon
don and worked as & compositor in a
printing office in Little "Wild street.
There he set himself to prove to his
fellow-pressmen that an allowance of
five pints of strong porter a day was
not at all necessary to support health
and strength. Franklin himself drank
water only (the other compositors
nicknamed him "the American Aqua
tic"), and yet demonstrated that he
was able to carry far heavier forms
and galleys of type than the beer
drinkers. To the cry that porter was neces
sary as foodstuff. Franklin replied
that the bodilly strength furnished by
the beer could only be in proportion
to the solid part of the barley dis
solved In the water of which the
beer was composed; that there was a
larger portion of flour in a penny
loaf and that, consequently, if he ate
this loaf and drank a pint of water
he would derive more strength from
it than from a pint of beer.
Franklin's breakfast, taken at his
work, was "a good basin of warm
Cruel in which was a small slice of
butter, with toasted bread and nut
meg." He managed to persuade some
of his fellow-workmen to abandon
a breakfast of cheese and beer in
favor ot the gruel of "the American
Aquatic" a conversion probably ac
complished more by admiration tor
Franklin's natural physical strength
than by any serious regard for his
decidedly novel principles.
When the elder Hill was at the hey
day of his power in American rail
roading, the representative of one of
his great locomotive works called at
his office to get an order for some big
locomotives for the Great Northern,
according to a writer In System; the
magazine of business.
Hill described the kind of locomo
tives he wanted and the representa
tive named his price.
"Is that the very best you can do on
price?" Inquired the magnate.
"If I went a dollar lower the com
pany would turn down the order,"
was the talesman's retort.
But Hill was not satisfied. "It's too
high a price for that engine," he in
sisted. "I know that with your facilities
you could build a locomotive to sell
for less than that."
"If there's a chance of cutting down
our production costs," answered the
locomotive man, "I'm for it and so is
the company."
"What are you paying for such and
such a rivet?" Hill suddenly shot at
him, naming a part that goes into all
locomotives.
The easterner was not caught un
prepared. "Four cents," he came back,
quick as a flash.
"If you are paying four cents." said
Hill calmly, "you are paying too
much. I can buy that rivet for two
cents and a half."
And when the easterner got back
home he found that Hill was right to
the fraction of the cent.
a
A toothbrush made of a stlngaree's
gills and a powder puff of ston
toilet articles used by Pimugna In
dians on Santa Catalina Island genera
tions before white men introduced the
standard drug store articles there
have Just been unearthed by Ralph
Glldden In his research work on the
island for the Heye Foundation of the
American Indian, records the Los An
geles Times. Both relics of aboriginal
anity were found among other
household treasures in chieftains'
graves.
The toothbrush resembles the mod
ern article of commerce very much in
size, shape and color, though the bris
tles are only the gill fibers attached
to the jawbone of a stingaree.
The powder puff, on the contrary,
would seem a trifle rough to a mod
ern flapper. It looks like the pres
ent bit of down but feels more like
a lump of lead. It was used to crush
the ochre with which the Indians
beautified themselves in the absence
of talc and rouge.
That the Indians of the Channel
islands paid careful attention to their
teeth is proved by the evidence of
their skulls, which Mr. Qlidden has
found in large quantities. Among
hundreds of skulls unearthed in the
past three weeks practically all had
the teeth Intact. The few exceptions
were evidently the remains ot squaws
who lived to be more than 100 years
old. Mr. Qlidden states that he has
never found a decayed tooth in
Channel island Indian's head.
Those Who Come and Go.
Early in the week Miss Olive M.
Jones and Miss Sara W. Rhodes of
New York made preparations to leave
San Francisco, planning to arrive at
xav,1 ui.a.... . . Tiav wrA
. 1 : 1 ma; ' ' A 11.. . j .
at the Oakland nier on time for the?
train and armed with tickets, but no
sleeper reservations. There were
none to be had. The engine pulled in
and the crowds surged on board. The
two women decided they would take
a chance and elt up all night in the
day coach. Apparently a few hun
dred others reached the same conclu
sion, for when that train departed.
Miss Jones, Miss Rhodes and &z other
people were still standing on the plat
form Wondering how they could sand
wich themselves on board. They
didn't catch another train until the
next day1 so heavy is the tourist
travel.
Once every year J. C. Lowe comes
down from Ugasik. Alaska, and the
Bristol bay country and pays a visit
to Portland, bringing with him a
large shipment ot valuable furs for
a local store. He has Just arrived
with a $25,000 lot, and is making the
Seward his headquarters, i-'. Lowe
has been handling furs In Alaska the
past 11 years and is thrilling folks
around the hotel lobby with his
stories of traveling w'th dog-teams
when the temperature was 50 de
grees below aero and when there was
no water to drink except melted snow.
Operations in the Texas oil rields
have settled down to a more conser
vative basis, notwi'.hstanding the fact
that a great deal of development is
constantly under way and that t'ae
world is calling for more c'. the prod
ucts of the wells than is forthcoming,
according to A. L. Darrow of Fort
Worth, who spent yesterday in Port
land en route to Vancouver. B. C, on
a business trip. Formerly engaged In
bankinar at Sacramento and San Fran
cisco, he has been for several yeas
acti.ely .dentified with the oil ln-
ustry of the Burkurnett ana itanger
ields In Texas with headquarters at
Fort Worth.
Flrnf It wa Faith, now it's Hope,
nd hovt the middle of the week 1 11
be sannointed if Charity doesn 1
drop In on us," muttered Clem J. a.
Hermann at the Portland yesterday
s he roomed Miss Hazel Hope of vea
Moines. She is here with Clara l-
Krull, passing a few Says in town.
The middle of last week, Mr. Her
mann checked out B. A. Faith, who
als . hailed from Des Moines, and with
the latest development he has come
to the conclusion that tne tnree units
of friendship have apparently chjsen
that city for their home.
A narty of motorists Just arrived at
the Perkins yesterday was not diffi-
ult to distinguish, for It lnciuaea
nt of the tallest men who have
ickled cobwebs and electric light fix-
ures around the establishment in a
long time. H. W. Lange, Lawrence
Langc and Frank Fox motored from
Spokane and it is one of the Mr.
Langes who is aroui.d the seven-foo't
level. The group had a hot trip, out
found roads fairly good all of the
way. They are headed south.
First-hand information on the
northwest to be stowed for future use
is being secured by C. C. Colpttts of
Boston, who is conducting one of his
own company's tours and paid a visit
o the Benson yesterday. The profes
sional traveler is with the Colpitts-
Beekman company, which with other
similar concerns, he says, is doing an
enormous summer business this sea
son. He is with Mrs. Colpitts taking
a small party over the country. They
left, late in the day for Yellowstone
park.
Albany may not have grown in the
decade, but her bank deposits
doubled, and that is something.
Other word than Hart's is needed
to convince that a member of a posse
aided the outlaws.
The acceptance speech of Cox need
not be long. "Here's lookin' at you!
is enough.
From Egypt, by way of the Euro
pean press, comes news of the ending
of a remarkable court case at Cairo.
It originated in a vendetta, not be
tween families but between two
whole villages, Hamldat and Ashraf,
near ICaneh, Upper Egypt, northeast
of the ruins of Thebes.
One hundred and fifty years ago a
dog from the village of Hamidat bit
an Ashraf man, who died. A quarrel
followed between his relatives and
the owner of the Hamldat dog, which
developed till all the inhabitants o
Ashraf considered that all persons of
Hamidat blood were guilty of the
death. The hatred of one village for
the other became hereditary and as
sassinatlon was common betwee
them whenever the conditions of th
country favored disorder.
Last spring Ashraf attacked Hami
dat in force. A score of HamldatianS
were killed, 120 houses were burned
and all movables such as cattle and
harvests were carried off.
. Hamidat remembered the dog and
bit back, killing 16 of the assailants.
These slayers have just been tried,
"i accused being brought into court
and one lawyer assigned to every five
persons by the. defense. Twenty-one
received sentence of 10 years' penal
servitude.
It is noteworthy that the vendetta
did not include women, jvho, during
the 150 yeras, had indulged only In
verbal warfare.
FIRST EFFORT TO CLIMB ADAMS
Ste-ry of Missionary's Attempt In 1S43
Preserved nt Whitman College.
THE DALLES, Or., July 31. (To
the Editor.) In The Sunday Orego
nian an editorial, "Early Mountain
Climbing." .states that "Adams was
not scaled until 186J or 1S64." I find
'that in 1845 Mount Adams was scaled
to within 1000 feet ot the top by
Missionary Brewer of The Dalles mis
sion station. A record of this ascent
is kept in a little old book printed
in 1854 by a Methodist printing house
in Cincinnati for Sunday school use.
a story of missionary life in the far
west.
It is in diary form, kept by the
Missionary Brewer, who was one of
the mission family during that period, j
This book was the property of Myron
Eells and at his death became the
property of Whitman college, which
now preserves it under glass.
Missionary Brewer left the mission
on September 13. 1845, with two In
dian boys, crossing the Columbia
river In canoes and swimming their
horses, arriving at the berry ground
on the 15th.
On the 16th he reached the foot of
the mountain at 11 A. M., which was
about It miles from the berry ground.
He says:
My suiae. an old man. a Klickitat, said
I was the tirtt whir man who had tried
to climb to the summit. With determined
minds, we climbed up, by picking our way
along tha ridftes where there was no snow.
The moss flower scattered here and there
was In full bloom. Tracks of deer were
sometimes to be seen and elk frequently
crossed our path. Having with much la
bor ascended to 1000 feet of the tos I
sat down exhausted and determined to go
no further. The sun was fast sinking In
the distant west and the w-hole country
below glowed In his reflected rays.
My soul was absorbed in the subllml'.y
Of the scese. Juit below . us were yawn
ing chasms, whose fearful depths the eye
of man never pierced. Stretched out on
every side. In the mingling of earth and
aky, were forests, mountains, plains and
rivers, all wild as human eye beheld.
The hills or Willamette. ISO miles, and
the Columbia river at Vancouver. J 00
mile distant, were distinctly seen by the
unaided eye.
The approaching evening and the in
creasing chilliness of the air broke a rev
erie Which I would have delighted to In
dulge for hours and we commenced to re
turn. Every step seemed a plunge, so
sharp wan the descent and so sensitive
was my exhausted frame. About 10 o'clock
we reached the horses. I could go no
further. Buttoning up my coat I laid down
on the cold hard ground and passed a
restlesa night.
Brewer also describes the eruption
of Mount St. Helens.
This little old book is all the his
tory left to the world of the family
life at the Wascopum mission and iB
a most Interesting addition to our
sources of information.
LULU JD. CRANDALL.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By James J. Montague.
THE INACCESSIBLE..
I think that I might have the cheek.
My shy reserve discarding.
Some evening to walk up and speak
To Warren Something Harding.
Hank Lodge's mien 4s stern and cold.
But It might interest him
To know that I once 1 grew full bold
And actually addressed him.
I'm not embarrassed by the fame
Of notables who serve us,
I'm getting on but Just the same
Hotel clerks make me nervous.
The manners of these stern young men
Quite frequently deceive me
1 start to speak to them and then
They walk away and leave me.
It steeps me in the depths of gloom.
It kills my self-possession.
To tell them that 1 want a room
And note their pained 'expression.
I always try to talk my best
Like lawyers to a Jury
But such an insolent request
Appears to rouse their fury.
I patted once in 1903 .
J. Pierpont Morgan's spaniels.
I know a man who once took tea
With Secretary Daniels.
I've seen Rube cioldberg take a drink.
My former business partner
since rolled around a skating rink
With Ringold W. Lardner.
But, though I've known the high and
great.
And found them worth the Knowing,
tor me is locked one social gate;
Hotel clerks have me going.
Han He tiot the Jon lor Llfef
We don't know tlVllllllff nhnllt U
Irish constitution, hut it . . .
Mr. De Valera's term nnt hnv.
pired by this Rme.
Onward and Irmnrd.
The-peak of hitth nrirca Ima hn
reached, but the profiteers are erect-
ieT a nigner peak on the adioininir
property.
Breaking; the ert a.
It must have relieved Mr. Ilarrlina- tn
earn from the noti flm tlnn AA
that the Chicairo fnnvnti.n , ..
nmed him for nreKldent
(Copyright, 1920. by the Bell Svndi-
cate. Inc.)
Having consulted his wife. Mayer
Baker again will run. That settles it.
A member of the National Medical
association tells. the following story
at the expense of a physician:
"Are you sure," an anxious patient
once asked, "are you sure that I shall
recover? I have heard the doctors
have sometimes given wrong diag
noses and treated a patient for pneu
monia who afterward died of typhoid
fever."
"You have been woefully misin
formed." replied the physician in
dignantly. "If I treat a man for
penumonla, he dies of pneumonia."
Detroit Free Press.
S. W. Tinker, who is interested in
the lumber industry in Lane county,
is at the Portland with his daughter.
Miss Martha W. Tinker of Eugene.
They are accompanied by a cousin.
Miss Smith of Saginaw. Mich. Mias
Tinker is active in musical circles in
her home town and was for-a while
accompanist for the orchestra at the
university.
Here's a tip on how to get a free
auto ride In Bend. Walk Into J. B.
Miner's office and tell him you'd like
to look at some ranch land and he'll
bundle you into his Jitney and show
you everything from homesteads In
habited by Jack-rabbits to future
apartment house sites. Mr. Miner was
at the Imperial yesterday.
Ground has been cleared for the
proposed and much talked of new
hotel to be erected in Lewiston, but
none of the actual construction work
on it has begun, according to Arnold
R. Henzelt, who is registered at the
Benson. Mr. Henzell, who was yester
day Joined by his wife, is with the
Idaho Trust company.
W. S. Murdock Is fond of bossies
not bosses. He travels with a fold
ing typewriter and a whole stack of
report blanks and when in the state
of Washington generally calls on
every cow in the country and inter
views it. He is with the extension
department of the state college at
Pullman and was registered yesterday
at tne imperial.
Miss Helen M. Manny, who was
the Seward yesterday, hails from
Bend, where she has an enthusiastic
following among the younger set.
The reason is simple. She has tauerht
in the Bend high school several years
ar.d the students know she is pretty
likely to be one of their teachers at
some time or other.
T. T. Bennett Is with Coos county
from start to finish. He started there
because his father used to be a bank
er down there and T. T. was born and
raised in that section of the state. He
is an attorney in Marshfield and
stayed at the Imperial while in the
city on business.
"People in the United States are
going dance mad. I don't like it
declared W. W. Kenny who has Just
departed from the Multnomah. Mr.
Kenny is a merchant from Colombo,
Colon, although he registered from
London. He is on his way to Canada
to establish business connections.
L. G'. Atherton comes from the town
that can think of little save salmon
fishing in these days, now that the
American legion men have departed.
He is with the 3. P. & S. offices in
Astoria and was at the Multnomah
yesterday.
E. S. S. Smith, Portland automobile
insurance broker, was due to return
yesteTday from a trip to Medford
where he has been looking over his
DroDerty. On his way south he stopped
at Eugene, where his family lived for
several years.
Mr. and Mrs. O. C. Jacobs and two
daughters, who left Portland Just
four months ago to make .heir home
in Oakland, CaL are regis -red at the
Oregon. They will be in - nd around
the city several weeks and will prob
ably visit the beaches. ,
"That's funny," remarked J. B. Star
of Salem as he registered at the Im
perial yesterday, "He's no relation of
mine. On the line above Mr. fctarr
name appeared that of S. E. Starr of
Dallas.
This city is riot lacking in tourists
from far-away lands. At the Port
land yesterday were Mr. and Mrs. J.
Vandegriendt from Griendhaven, Hol
land, and at the Multnomah was Mrs.
Ella M, Bishop of Buenos Aires.
EDUCATION IX FACTS IS NEEDED
L'nsupporred Assertions Found to Be
Reliance of Some Voters.
PORTLAND, July 31. (To the Edi
tor.) A Portland woman who said she
was-a republican, was recently heard
to remark that she did not see how
Harding could hope to win in Ohio
when CoX had beaten him three times
for governor. When told that such
was not the fact, she replied. "That's
what they say."
Would it not be worth while for
The Oregonian to call attention again
to the facts in the case, to the end
that no Oregon voter of whatever
political faith can have any reason
able excuse for ignorance in the mat
ter?
Another woman the other day re
marked that there was nothing in
Harding's speech of acceptance that
amounted ta anything. Questioned in
regard to her statement, she con
fessed that s-tie did not know what
was in it. that she had not read
herself, but said, "That's what they
sav."
rtuch willful iernorance on the part
of otherwise intelligent women of
political facts and even current news
of the day is deplorable. It would
seem that a campaign ot eaucaiion in
eaard to politics for the women who
already possess the franchise is
eauallv as Important as a campaisrn
o obtain the franchise for tne women
of the United States who do not now
oossess It.
A man was recently neara to mane
the sweeping statement that "both
parties are rotten." Being urged to
particularize, he could not or uia no
name a single specific act on the par
of either party in proof of his as
sertion, but could only reiterate the
charge that both parties were rotten
The fact that many men are gross
lv ienorant of facts and base thei
political ideas on what "they say
does not excuse any fairly intelli
cent woman for doing so. It should
not excuse anyone, for any man o
woman who is either carelessly or o
necessity Ignorant in regard to ou
government has no right to the fran
chise.
1 do not refer to ignorance of th
opinions of others on prominent ques
tions at issue, but to ignorance
ctual facts upon which an intelli
gent electorate is supposed to foun
its political convicttons.
A tt Oil A.
Twenty-five Tears A Co.
From The Oregonian or August 2. 1893.
The First Baptist church was
rowded to its cauacltv last nlrht
when was solemnized ihe wedding of
Miss Wong of Walla Walla and Wnr.
Chung, a well-known Portland Chi
nese business man.
O. A. Bowen. treasurer of the stats
of Washington, arrived in the city last
nignt on a visit.
Seattle. According to calculations
of Professor Edgar McClure of the
Lniversity of Oregon Mount Adams Is
1.1,40.! feet high, or 197 feet higher
than Moujit Hood.
The Portland Sun, conducted since
last October as an opposition morning
paper, will not appear in the morning.
having suspended publication.
In Other Days.
Fifty Year Ako.
From The Oregonian of August 2. 1STO.
Berlin. This morning the French
attacked Saarbrucken in a superior
force, but were vigorously repulsed.
As a fitting reception to Senator
Williams and General Canby an ex
cursion, open to invited guests, will
be taken on on the steamer Oriflamme
as soon as the vessel arrives here.
The children of Mr. Clinkinbeard of
Wilbur. Douglas county, were poi
soned by eating berries of the deadly
night shade and one of them is dead.
Mr. Richardson has burned In his
kiln west of town in the past year
1,000.000 brick. 400.000 ot which havs
been sold in Portland.
HOW TO SAVE" ROADWAY TREES
Law Giving Regulation to Hlghwa
Commission Proposed.
GEARH ART, Or.. July 31. (To th
Editor.) The editorial In The Orego
nian concerning the guarding of th
scenery along the state highways an
especially the perpetuating of th
timber scenery Is timely enough.
This timber can easily be kept
from being cut by the simple process
of passing a law or constitutional
amendment requiring a permit from
the state highway commission and
regulating the cutting of timber, say
within 200 or 300 feet of either side
of a state .highway. Said highway
commission to possess ample author
ity to refuse a permit altogether in
cases where the commercial or
scenic value of a state road be af
fected. County roads can be similar
ly protected, giving the county boards
the requisite authority.
Such a law is entirely constitu
tional and would be very popular.
There are many lines of business re
quiring a permit before one can en
gage therein. Then as regards real
property witness the many building
and other restrictions one meets with
in the cities. An owner cannot build
on his lot as he wishes, but only as
prescribed by the building ordinances.
He cannot even repair a leaky roof
without a permit. To many owners
the requirements of these ordinances
make improvement of property pro
hibitive. All this is done of necess'ty
for the interests of the community at
large. Precisely the same method
can be brought to bear on owners of
timber lands along a public highway
where the. cutting may .jeopardize
the Interests of the state. .
Let the State Automobile associa
tion and similar associations bestir
themselves and have the necessary
legislation enacted. A READER.
Population Seers Queer Folk.
DALLAS. Or., July 31. (To the Edi
tor.) There is only one year In every
ten when any good booster will hesi
tate to tell you the population of his
home town. That's the year of the
census.
Before it is announced he's not sure
that he is right. After It Is an
nounced he's right sure that It is
wrong. AN OBSERVER.
EX PL AX AXIOM DOES ROT SATISFY
Voter Certifies to Having Been In
fluenced by McCamant Pled tee.
PORTLAND, July 31. Can I have
a word to say on "The MoCamant
Case"? On the evening before the day
set for the presidential primary, my
wife and myself, each provided with
a sample ballot, proceeded to mark
the same regarding the work as a
sacred duty. I will state here by way
of parenthesis that we d"id not favor
the Bame candidate for president. Be
ing personally unacquainted with any
ot the presidential primary candidates
it can be readily seen that the pam
phlet was the only source of informa
tion at our command.
Coming to McCamant's name on the
list we noted what he gave as his
slogan "For president, an American,
a republican and a statesman." We
were both agreed that each and every
aspirant asking for recognition pos
sessed these qualifications in a
greater or lesser degree. So to us that
meant nothing.
His statement, "I have avoided com
mitting myself to any candidate for
the presidency in order that I might
be In a better position to support the
candidate who wins out in the Oregon
primary," caught us both. We wanted
the man getting tne oigBesi vote 10
have Oregon's support. That was why
a primary was held that's why we
were giving time and thought to
making a selection of a man who
would unquestionably support the
winner.
In The Oregonian McCamant says
his carefully-worded sentence about
supporting the candidate wno wins
out in the Oregon pnmaiy, w
nromise. I have Been a reaaer 01
the English language for 70 years and
a teacher of the same for 20 of those
vesra. and I affirm that ? men out
of 1000, reading this without knowing
the man, would accept it as a "prom
ise." What McCamant saia to Mac-
Donald on the street or in his office.
r what he says he saia to otner men
bout his dislike for Johnson the
men and women to. whom the voters
pamphlet had been manea naa 11"
means of knowing.
74 W. Watts street, city.
Attaek on H. C. of I..
Detroit Free Preps.
"Gone on a diet, eh?" "Yep."
reduca your weight
expenses."
To
"No; to reduce
WHOSO DATE NAMED FOR FAIR
Provincial Exlfibltlon Set For Week
Later Than Stated.
NEW WESTMINSTER. B. C Julv
30 (To the Editor.) I have just
been handed a clipping under date ot
July 12 from The Oregonian in which
the dates of the several provincial
and etate fairs of Oregon, Washing
ton and British Columbia Were set
down and 1 notice the dates set for
our 1920 provincial exhibition in New
Westminster were September 20 to
25 which should have been Septem
ber 27 to October 3. I. would appre
ciate it very much if you would be
good enough to have this corrected.
1 may eay there must be a great
many people who have read it became
I have had several letters from peo
ple south of us inquiring with respect
to our forthcoming exhibition and I
could not figure out how it was tby
were under the impression our fair
was September 20 to 25 until I re
ceived the clipping taken from The
Oreaonian. 1 felt sure it was only a
matter of calling your attention to
the mistake when you would be kind
enough to have it corrected.
D. E. MacKENZlE.
i Manager and Secretary.