6 TTIE 3IOH?mCG OTIEGOIA. MONDAY. AUGUST 2, 1920 .ESTABLISHED BY jsjk - Published by The (jregonian 13S Sixth Street. Portland Ores on C. A. HORDES. Manager. " 'r Tha Oregonian Is a member of the Asso ' elated Pre.. The A.eoclated Pres. exclusively entitled to the use for u bHc a tion ot all news dispatches credited to K or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published hr' ' rights of republication ot special dispatches herein are also reserved. Subscription Kates Invariably In Advance. (By Mail.) Dally. Sunday Included, one year ...... 8 .00 Daily. Sunday Included, six month 1 1 . .. Daily. Sunday included, three months, t.i Daily, Sunday included, one month - JJaily, without Sunday, one year Daily, without Sunday, aix months J.-j Dally, without Sunday, one month - W eekly, one year i u0 Eunday, one year "' (By Carrier.) Dally, Sunday Included, one year .... Daily, Sunday Included, three months., -i Daily. Sunday included, one month .... -" Daily, without Sunday, one year ....... V Dally, without Sunday, three months.. i. Dally, without Sunday, one month - How to Remit. Send postolfice money erder express or personal check on your local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are at owner's rlik. Oive postoffice address In full, including county and 'state. Postage Rates. l,to 16 paces, 1 cent; IS to 8 pages. 2 eents; 34 to 48 pages, 3 cents; 50 to 04 pages. cents: 6tl to 80 pages. 5 cents; SJ to pages. cents, foreign postage.' double rates. Eastern Business Of flce.-r-Verree Conk tin. Brunswick building. Nw York; verree V Conklin. Steger building. Chicago: Ver ne & Conklin. Free Press building De troit. Mich. San Francisco representative. EFFECTS OF THE KATE INCREASE. At last the American people are to " pay for transportation what it costs, and the decision of the interstate commerce commission on the gen eral advance tells how much this cost has risen under war conditions. mi i.inr, .-iBirled to eauity - by requiring passenger traffic to pay T.arf nf the bill, but has been more , merciful with it than with freight traffic. No just complaint can be made against the" 50 per cent in- crease in Pullman and observation .car rates. The former are often, the . , . . i ..-in., with wilrri - those who travel from necessity can dispense and for which those who " iravpl for nleasure or desire extra couiiuri BllUUW i'1 J J Notwithstanding all the forcible objections which have been made to a horizontal percentage increase in freight rates, the commission has made it. Probably it would justify this decision by the imperative ne- n nntlini, tha HAW fatPS in ."Vcaau; w l i . o - - effect as early as possible in order to stop loss, which the government bears under its guaranty till Septem ber, and by the long and formidable task of adjusting eacn particular rate to the necessities of the roads and to the conditions to which it " must apply. The only way out seems to have been to apply the percent ages generally and to leave the roads to make variations demanded by par ticular localities or industries after ward. That course was followed when a 25 per cent Increase was made in June, 1918, and the adjust ments are hardly yet completed. Objections of Pacific coast ship pers to the plan of the railroad ex ecutives have been met to some ex tent by dividing the Rocky mountain and Pacific territory from that be- . .1 iri....;cl.nt V. tweeii met ii.ieicickiipi inci o.uu ins mountains and by making the ad vance for the former 25 per cent as compared with S5 per cent for the lattai- Trtis rfimnpimatps in soma measure for the longer hauls to the far west and is Justified by the smaller need of additional revenue for the Pacific roads than for those of the middle west. But by advanc ing rates in the Pacific and southern regions in the same percentage 25 per cent the commission disturbs the relation between Pacific coast and southern lumber in middle west markets. This is one of the many effects of the general advance which will require special adjustment. ' Expectations that revenue of the various roads, or of the roads of sev eral regions, will increase in the per centages fixed are likely not to be realized. By charging an additional 4 0 per cent as against 26 per cent for the south, the eastern roads are likely to find that southern industry Is stimulated at the expense of that 1 of the northeast and that much ex T. port and import traffic which now - and Philadelphia will be diverted to m southern ports. The eastern roads jnay find, however, that relief from the glut, of traffic . which has bur dened them since the war boom be gan will facilitate and speed up movement to such a degree that the percentage of operating expenses will be diminished and that they will de prive the desired revenue from a re duced volume of traffic. From the same cause the southern roads may so increase their volume of traffic within their cvipaciity that their net ; income will esceed the 6 per cent at which the commission aims. On the Pacific coast particularly, find to some extent on other coasts, the railroads may be disappointed of . hoped-for results. With ample ton nage available, much traffic may be diverted to the sea. Transcontinental roads may lose lumber to ships which will carry it to New Orleans for transfer to railroads which will distribute it through the middle west, 1 1 nnrlh 1 tli nlin .nct., f .... .. ... I " ..v..,. . . . 1U1W AVI Utii - riage inland. These' rouds would then be obliged to haul cars eastward empty which had brought goods west lor export. . In fact, the percentage increase may prove to be only the beginning of ' a readjustment of rates in detail which shall in the aggregate yield the desired increase of revenue and of a redistribution of traffic between rail and water lines and between dif- ' . ferent rail lines. - Railroads may lose long hauls to water lines, but may profit materially by short hauls of ' water-borne traffic between coast - Inland points. Until water freights become stabilized, further adjust ments must be made, but we may be cure that .transportation is on a per- ; xuanently higher level of cost. the Obregon government was as fol lows: Since the government considers Itself sufficiently strong, being - supported by public opinion -with regard to the integrity of its proceedings, and does not fear that Gonzalez will continue to -be -a peril to the stability of its administration, you will therefore set him absolutely at liberty. The nation has already expressed its in exorable determination In this matter. Amnesties are often dictated by consciousness of strength, though less frequently by desire to employ power humanely than by the motive of impressing the opposing side with the idea that it could be exercised at will. The earliest recorded amnesty made certain important exceptions, by which the principle of vengeance was preserved while -the power of pardon was distinctly asserted. This was at Athens, when the thirty ty rants were expressly excepted from the gift. Napoleon excepted Talley rand from his amnesty of 1815. The general amnesty proclaimed by President Johnson after the civil war is the last noteworthy example and was dictated by higher motives, in all probability, than any other in the world's history. It was not tinctured with necessity for disarming opposi tion, as was that of Henry VII, who thus brought the rebelfious forces into camp. But amnesties are by no means common in Latin countries, and we are warranted in supposing that the pardoning of Gonzalez means that the government believes that he will serve its purpose best as a pitia ble figure owing his life to his supe riors than as a martyr to a rebel cause. When Mexican governments begin to grant amnesties, it is a sign that new forces are at work. Obregon and his advisers at least believe that the ground Is secure under their feet. PERFECTED TO THE LAST MILE. Human achievement is the realiza tion of dreams that have been nur tured by endeavor. All artistic beauty and all utility were so conceived and created. Among lesser attained ob jectives, though it is or high moment to Oregon, stands the Columbia river highway. The last link in the well nigh perfect pavgment, stretching from Portland to Hood River, has been completed. The project that many declared to be beset with in surmountable obstacles, and which for several years has ranked as one of the wonder roads of the world, is finished to the final spadeful of earth, the last yard of surfacing. It was eight years in the making, but successive centuries will not weary of it, for it penetrates such scenery as compels belief in deity. High abqve the present grade of the highway there once perched an old state road that knew the traffic of pioneer days. It linked the mountain-cleft sections of Oregon, and the pony express and the ox-cart were its traffic. No more compelling com mentary upon the progress of the state can be found the ruin of the old dirt wagon trail and the smooth graceful surves of the modern pave ment. It was days in the old times, It is hours now. And many men still in the prime of life have witnessed the transition. Tourists come and are captured by the charm, the wild beauty of the Columbia river highway. They will continue to come and its fame will increase, for there is nothing tran sient about the finished triumph, nor is there anything transient in the character of the scenery which lm pells their tribute. Pavements there are In plenty, whereupon motors may glide as smoothly as swallows on a breeze, but there is only one, pavement that enters the great gorge of the Columbia. Tet the scenic ad vantages of the famous roadway are only incidental to the practical pur pose it serves in the arterial system of Oregon transportation. It en dures as an incentive, a pledge, for the construction of real roads, until such time as all counties are neigh bors through the facility of travel. It has been said that the progresslve ness of a people may be guaged by the condition of their roads. Oregon will continue to meet e test. centration is a positive injury to the nation. It lead to the dispersion of traffic to other ports, and that fact led the administration, congress and ports in general to contemplate fur ther dispersion. Transportation is one of the most complex problems which confront the nation, and there is a growing tendency to 'Seek a so- , lution partly by using to their full capacity all railroads and all ports J instead of crowding to their full capacity or beyond it the roads lead ing to New ,Yorok and using many others to only half their capacitiy. The proper distribution of traffic among railroads and ports Is inti mately connected with the general prosperity of the country. In the ong run the output of industry is limited by the carrying capacity of the transportation system and by the volume of traffic which can pass through railroad terminals and ports without delay or' undue expense In order that production may increase. it is necessary that half the foreign trade be no longer done by New York. That city might, doubtless rould, retain Its leadership, but its pride in bigness must yield in some measure to the general good. There Is a moral for Portland In New York's predicament. This port is the ocean outlet of a territory far exceeding that tributary to New York in area and having as great potential wealth. Its growth as a port has Just begun, and it is essen tial that we plan on a large scale for the future In order that we may not find ourselves cramped, as New York is. We need to construct all harbor Improvements in such manner that they will fit In with future improve ments. That requires a - general, broad plan of development, to be carried out in units from time to time as the necessities of commerce dictate. It requires the development and full use of railroads and water ways, and above all, railroad ter minals with room for expansion as need grows. By keeping before us a vision of the greatest possibilities and by working in harmony with that vision, we can insure that the port's transportation and harbor fa cilities will grow in, pace with its commerce. SIGN'S OF PEACE IN MEXICO. The surrender of Pancho Villa may have been an indication of T w eakness on the latter's part, though It would seem that the terms said to .-have been conceded to him are sig - nificant of the federal government's equal belief in the insecurity of its own position with a still formidable rebel in the field. There are, how ever, certain other signs that sta bility is on the way to returning to the country. One of these is the release of Pablo Gonzalez, found guilty of inciting to rebellion. Formerly, to obtain pos session of the person of an opponent was to guarantee that the aforesaid opponent would promptly face a fir ing squad. The cases of Gonzalez ind Villa differed in the respect that NEW YORK'S SUPREMACY IN DANGER. Alarm 13 sounded in New York be cause the commerce of the port has fallen below half of the total for the whole country and because some steamship lines have transferred their business to other ports, also be cause other ports are equipping themselves for competition with New York. The interview with Collector Newton, a synopsis 01 which is pub lished in another column, is a sum mons to the proud Empire City to wake up, lest it lose its its pre-emi- nence, and to expand its facilities to accommodate half of the nation's commerce nowwithstanding contin ued growth of that commerce. His warning is notice that even the greatest port with the best natural location and the best lines of interior communication is not secure against competition and cannot safely permit its facilities to become obsolete and inadequate. But it suggests that a condition is unna iral which sends half the commerce of this great country through one port and leaves all other ports to divide the other half among them. That condition is artificial and has arisen through op eration of forces running counter to the natural lines of trade. The great financial interests which built rail roads centered in New York and they arranged the routes to lead to that port, while they subordinated other ports. That led the principal steam ship lines to make New York their American terminal, and these at tracted others. In other days before railroad regulation, rates discrimin ated in favor of N.w York, especially as the roads competed most keenly for the largest volume of traffic. But there is a limit to the volume ot commerce that even New York can economically handle. If th harbor improvements that Mr. New ton suggests should be made it would still be necessary to expand railroads and terminals in order to carry the traffic which they would stimulate The cost of land for this purpose in the vicinity of New York would be far higher than at other ports which are just developing. In a city which centers on an island theTse improve ments would Involve an extensive system of tunnels and bridges, which would also be very cosMy and which other ports would not need. All this work might impose an intolerable tax on the commerce of the port, tax which might drive much of it to other ports. It may b that the com merce of New York has grown to the point of saturation. Though there is scope for expansion of harbor facil ities, the railroad and terminal im provements may not be economically feasible. New Yorok may wish to mark its supremacy by handling half of the foreign trade, but the interests of the whole nation should be placed above those of any one port, no matter how big. The freight blockade during the BEHIND THE BARS AGAIN. .The Pendleton prisoners are in their cells again. In breaking Jail they elected to become outlaws and murderers, and the comparative tri viality of their- original crimes is overshadowed by blood-guilt in the ruthless killing of Sheriff Taylor. Such was the hazard as they took it. Now that the brief desperate flight is ended, now that bar and bolt en. close them once more, it is but fit- ting that the state should require of them the proper forfeit and try each and all for the major crime of mur der. It is sentimental silliness to insist that the actual murderer, the half breed who sped the fatal shots, should suffer alone for the murder of the courageous officer who died in the discharge of his duty. By the act of one, and in the furtherance of a common conspiracy, all are involved If ever the argument is raised, as it will be, let citizens who think well of their own peace and safety remem ber that Sheriff Taylor crossed thi divide of death because he sought to insure protection, and through the act of a conspirator who followed the course of conspiracy to one of its logical ends. The patience and self-restraint of Pendleton citizens was sorely tried when possemen returned with their I captives. Men do not see the body of a dead friend, slaiir through treach ery, without suffering the most vio lent impulse toward primitive justice. It is vastly to the credit of Sheriff Taylor's home town, distraught by his death, that law and order pre vailed and that an incipient mob was dispersed by the mere suggestion that law and orderwere the creed of the dead officer, and that his first wish would have been for the routine procedure of justice. Lynchings are with the violent past, or should be, and the course of the courts is fully as efficacious as the captured out laws shall learn. It was "not in the cards" that even the wildestof Oregon country should conceal these men who were unwill ing to pay their debts to the social order, and whose choice was freedom at the most dreadful price. The west is no longer the west, in the melo dramatic sense, where tough gunmen may slay and flee to safety. Crime doesn't pay in central Oregon any more than it does in central Ohio. Soon or late, and more often the former, criminals discover that the law is inexorable. A long succession of brave, unostentatious officers have brought this to pass. Sheriff Taylor was notable among them. reflections by no particular fiat of dissatisfaction, with their comport ment while free and foot-loose, but by the unanalyzed and entirely na tural Impulse to complete their out ing, in fancy's fields, if not else where. So it is that they Invent er rors in the original itinerary and achieve for themselves a few more hours of heart's-desire, busied at cor recting the course. Now it is- the fact that all who re turn from freedom, where trtey wore old clothes with more real gratifi cation than ever they dressed in new, have attained, the guerdon of vacation If they feel a vibrant elixer flowing smoothly through their veins and lending to their respective coats of tan that tint referred to by ad miring Triends as "a wonderful color," and if their hearts are filled with appreciation, if not understand ing, of the pages of that Infinite book lately opened to them. They have amassed such treasure of memory as may not be spent In a. day, but will remain long as an open chest to be pilfered at will. Like Fiddler Jones, of whom Ed- sard Lee Masters spun a verse, they will contemplate their expended va cation with a great deal of pleasure, and "not a single regret." Of course. tne fiddler e-eferred to his discarded mortality, but the blithe satisfaction of his recollections is entirely appli cable to holiday reminiscence. Re gret is something that delves deep, as a worm at the heart of a plum, and that eatf and eats and will not be glutted. Have you any such thought of the days that are done, splendidly spent in vacation? If you have, for get it! b ot the chances are that, ac cording to the law of limitations, the best of good times was enjoyed by I all aswe used to say in the country press when we wrote of the church sociable. For the returned vacationist has met and held speech with the bold explorer who took the other trail. nas talked with the artful angler who fished the upper lert fork, has swapped experiences with that hardy wight who penetrated to the lake be yond the ridge, and has possessed himself vicariously of their combined experiences. He finds that they too returned unsatisfied, and that they packed the duffle and took the road to home with the conviction that still other trails and other forks and other lakes and ridges cried out for inspec tion and offered richer reward than had been found. Insatiable, intri guing, altogether lovely, the spirit of vacation had whispered to them as it had to him. Yet if they have a gen uine grievance, an honest cause for complaint, it simmers down to the self-born charge that the supply of bacon was inadequate to cope with the mighty demands of appetite, or that someone forgot to Include spoons. Yet this we do know, and no amount of specious argument is go ing to remove the definite conviction that hard by Mt St. Helens, where the cold, swift rivers are tinted with glacial silt, the ash of craters that coughed their last ever so many ages ago, there is a cliff and an eddy. We dwell particularly upon that eddy, a whorl that no canoe ever braved. for it is the residential sector of a Dolly Varden trout not less not an ounce than ten pounds In weight ana almost as old as the mountain He would not rise to the spinner. neither would he mumble the lure of the patient bait fisherman; and flies were nothing at all in his serene and patriarchial career. But if She came toward you with glad eyes and outstretched hands, whis pering of places near the skyline, and ror a time she led you farther away from the old ways, from your own self, than ever you dreamed of. Be assured she kept her promises, this spirit of vacation, and if your eyes are wistful at the parting so are hers. Gonzalez was in custody while Villa was not. The order promulgated by war proved that such unnatural con- LOOKING BACKWARD ON VACATION. May fortune extend some measure of recompense to those who- do not dwell, sensibly and occasionally, in the realm of retrospection. They need it. Lacking the liking or the faculty for peering into the past they miss a joy entirely and favorably comparable to prevision of the fu ture. Of what worth, for example, would vacation be if those who had tested its adventures and its restful episodes, who had rifled it of tan and tang, were promptly to . forget the keen enjoyment of its epic hours? Certainly its physical gifts would still remain in possession, but the re turned vacationist who rested con tent with these would be, indeed, a brother to the ox. By some kindly dispensation of providence, however, the memory of vacation days is in sured to the most prosaic as though the fortnight s chat with nature had wakened the child poet that sleeps in all of us. Looking backward on vacation, as one. turns on a hilltop to cast a glance at the green valley of leisure through which he traveled afore time. Is both inevitable and excellent. The pilgrim sees the days arrayed in incident and allure, even as he spent them. Far-away streams slash through cool canyons in a hurry of foam and bright water. Camp fires kindle in cool dusks, wherein the trees are garbed with mysterious shadow and the silende rings with music that is not heard, but sensed. As plainly. If a pool so lovely ever can be plain, as when the idler cast his flies to the dripping verge of the rock the mental eye beholds again an eddy where the trout were leaping that time the mountain shone with a great joss of gold in the dawn. While there is no vestige of regret in these fanciful returns, nor would one alter them were the power his, there is a game one plays with recol lection while the spell of vacation lingers. It is the game of the other trail, the left upper fork of the wil derness river, the lake beyond the ridge, the trip that never was taken, the bait that never was tried a most delightful variant of the otherwise rueful pastime of might-have-been. Vacationists are committed to tiitae The twenty-first annual conven tion of the Gideons conveys a sug gestion as to the power of an idea patiently persisted in. Modern Gid eons, as most traveling men and some others know, have as their mis sion the placing of a Bible in every hotel room in the United States. A few Bibles are sold, but at a price that leaves no margin of profit. The work depends on private benefac tions for its support and it seems, sometimes, as If hotels were being built must faster than they can be supplied with copies of the good book. The Gideons, despite their more than two decades of endeavor, are still a million and a half Bibles short of their goal. New York has bought two and a half grains of radium for $225,000. for "purposes of social utility." There's nothing like having plenty of radium around when there'are social affairs coming off. To put it in a brief way. Engineer Connolly's advice to the driver means the locomotive is bigger than the auto and goes faster and the driver must Be wary. He is right. t - By returning to the land of their forefathers, the Hawaiian-born Japa nese bid fair to settle a possible In. ternational issue in a highly satis factory manner. In avoiding an automobile a woman was killed by a streetcar Saturday and that on a crossing. The '"Safety First" sign may as well be turned to the wall. -One of the issues in the senatorial campaign of the Hon. Frank Myers might be why government has not even filled the place - e was forced to vacate. It Is like old times .to read of a sheepherder being shot and his band driven over a precipice. Parts of the west are still wild. More than a hundred are seriously ill from eating ice cream at a church festival in Illinois. Moral: Wait for the oyster. With that Seattle boy to null power from the air and -Ponzi to finance the scheme, the world would be theirs. The fellow masquerading in Paris as Prince Joachim, the siiicide son of the ex-kaiser, had not a high am bition. BY - PRODUCTS OF THE TIMES Be Franklin Recalled as Forerunner of Pussyfoot Johnson. Benjamin Franklin was the first "pussyfoot" to be exported from America to England, observes the Manchester Guardian. As a young man .he lived for some time In Lon don and worked as & compositor in a printing office in Little "Wild street. There he set himself to prove to his fellow-pressmen that an allowance of five pints of strong porter a day was not at all necessary to support health and strength. Franklin himself drank water only (the other compositors nicknamed him "the American Aqua tic"), and yet demonstrated that he was able to carry far heavier forms and galleys of type than the beer drinkers. To the cry that porter was neces sary as foodstuff. Franklin replied that the bodilly strength furnished by the beer could only be in proportion to the solid part of the barley dis solved In the water of which the beer was composed; that there was a larger portion of flour in a penny loaf and that, consequently, if he ate this loaf and drank a pint of water he would derive more strength from it than from a pint of beer. Franklin's breakfast, taken at his work, was "a good basin of warm Cruel in which was a small slice of butter, with toasted bread and nut meg." He managed to persuade some of his fellow-workmen to abandon a breakfast of cheese and beer in favor ot the gruel of "the American Aquatic" a conversion probably ac complished more by admiration tor Franklin's natural physical strength than by any serious regard for his decidedly novel principles. When the elder Hill was at the hey day of his power in American rail roading, the representative of one of his great locomotive works called at his office to get an order for some big locomotives for the Great Northern, according to a writer In System; the magazine of business. Hill described the kind of locomo tives he wanted and the representa tive named his price. "Is that the very best you can do on price?" Inquired the magnate. "If I went a dollar lower the com pany would turn down the order," was the talesman's retort. But Hill was not satisfied. "It's too high a price for that engine," he in sisted. "I know that with your facilities you could build a locomotive to sell for less than that." "If there's a chance of cutting down our production costs," answered the locomotive man, "I'm for it and so is the company." "What are you paying for such and such a rivet?" Hill suddenly shot at him, naming a part that goes into all locomotives. The easterner was not caught un prepared. "Four cents," he came back, quick as a flash. "If you are paying four cents." said Hill calmly, "you are paying too much. I can buy that rivet for two cents and a half." And when the easterner got back home he found that Hill was right to the fraction of the cent. a A toothbrush made of a stlngaree's gills and a powder puff of ston toilet articles used by Pimugna In dians on Santa Catalina Island genera tions before white men introduced the standard drug store articles there have Just been unearthed by Ralph Glldden In his research work on the island for the Heye Foundation of the American Indian, records the Los An geles Times. Both relics of aboriginal anity were found among other household treasures in chieftains' graves. The toothbrush resembles the mod ern article of commerce very much in size, shape and color, though the bris tles are only the gill fibers attached to the jawbone of a stingaree. The powder puff, on the contrary, would seem a trifle rough to a mod ern flapper. It looks like the pres ent bit of down but feels more like a lump of lead. It was used to crush the ochre with which the Indians beautified themselves in the absence of talc and rouge. That the Indians of the Channel islands paid careful attention to their teeth is proved by the evidence of their skulls, which Mr. Qlidden has found in large quantities. Among hundreds of skulls unearthed in the past three weeks practically all had the teeth Intact. The few exceptions were evidently the remains ot squaws who lived to be more than 100 years old. Mr. Qlidden states that he has never found a decayed tooth in Channel island Indian's head. Those Who Come and Go. Early in the week Miss Olive M. Jones and Miss Sara W. Rhodes of New York made preparations to leave San Francisco, planning to arrive at xav,1 ui.a.... . . Tiav wrA . 1 : 1 ma; ' ' A 11.. . j . at the Oakland nier on time for the? train and armed with tickets, but no sleeper reservations. There were none to be had. The engine pulled in and the crowds surged on board. The two women decided they would take a chance and elt up all night in the day coach. Apparently a few hun dred others reached the same conclu sion, for when that train departed. Miss Jones, Miss Rhodes and &z other people were still standing on the plat form Wondering how they could sand wich themselves on board. They didn't catch another train until the next day1 so heavy is the tourist travel. Once every year J. C. Lowe comes down from Ugasik. Alaska, and the Bristol bay country and pays a visit to Portland, bringing with him a large shipment ot valuable furs for a local store. He has Just arrived with a $25,000 lot, and is making the Seward his headquarters, i-'. Lowe has been handling furs In Alaska the past 11 years and is thrilling folks around the hotel lobby with his stories of traveling w'th dog-teams when the temperature was 50 de grees below aero and when there was no water to drink except melted snow. Operations in the Texas oil rields have settled down to a more conser vative basis, notwi'.hstanding the fact that a great deal of development is constantly under way and that t'ae world is calling for more c'. the prod ucts of the wells than is forthcoming, according to A. L. Darrow of Fort Worth, who spent yesterday in Port land en route to Vancouver. B. C, on a business trip. Formerly engaged In bankinar at Sacramento and San Fran cisco, he has been for several yeas acti.ely .dentified with the oil ln- ustry of the Burkurnett ana itanger ields In Texas with headquarters at Fort Worth. Flrnf It wa Faith, now it's Hope, nd hovt the middle of the week 1 11 be sannointed if Charity doesn 1 drop In on us," muttered Clem J. a. Hermann at the Portland yesterday s he roomed Miss Hazel Hope of vea Moines. She is here with Clara l- Krull, passing a few Says in town. The middle of last week, Mr. Her mann checked out B. A. Faith, who als . hailed from Des Moines, and with the latest development he has come to the conclusion that tne tnree units of friendship have apparently chjsen that city for their home. A narty of motorists Just arrived at the Perkins yesterday was not diffi- ult to distinguish, for It lnciuaea nt of the tallest men who have ickled cobwebs and electric light fix- ures around the establishment in a long time. H. W. Lange, Lawrence Langc and Frank Fox motored from Spokane and it is one of the Mr. Langes who is aroui.d the seven-foo't level. The group had a hot trip, out found roads fairly good all of the way. They are headed south. First-hand information on the northwest to be stowed for future use is being secured by C. C. Colpttts of Boston, who is conducting one of his own company's tours and paid a visit o the Benson yesterday. The profes sional traveler is with the Colpitts- Beekman company, which with other similar concerns, he says, is doing an enormous summer business this sea son. He is with Mrs. Colpitts taking a small party over the country. They left, late in the day for Yellowstone park. Albany may not have grown in the decade, but her bank deposits doubled, and that is something. Other word than Hart's is needed to convince that a member of a posse aided the outlaws. The acceptance speech of Cox need not be long. "Here's lookin' at you! is enough. From Egypt, by way of the Euro pean press, comes news of the ending of a remarkable court case at Cairo. It originated in a vendetta, not be tween families but between two whole villages, Hamldat and Ashraf, near ICaneh, Upper Egypt, northeast of the ruins of Thebes. One hundred and fifty years ago a dog from the village of Hamidat bit an Ashraf man, who died. A quarrel followed between his relatives and the owner of the Hamldat dog, which developed till all the inhabitants o Ashraf considered that all persons of Hamidat blood were guilty of the death. The hatred of one village for the other became hereditary and as sassinatlon was common betwee them whenever the conditions of th country favored disorder. Last spring Ashraf attacked Hami dat in force. A score of HamldatianS were killed, 120 houses were burned and all movables such as cattle and harvests were carried off. . Hamidat remembered the dog and bit back, killing 16 of the assailants. These slayers have just been tried, "i accused being brought into court and one lawyer assigned to every five persons by the. defense. Twenty-one received sentence of 10 years' penal servitude. It is noteworthy that the vendetta did not include women, jvho, during the 150 yeras, had indulged only In verbal warfare. FIRST EFFORT TO CLIMB ADAMS Ste-ry of Missionary's Attempt In 1S43 Preserved nt Whitman College. THE DALLES, Or., July 31. (To the Editor.) In The Sunday Orego nian an editorial, "Early Mountain Climbing." .states that "Adams was not scaled until 186J or 1S64." I find 'that in 1845 Mount Adams was scaled to within 1000 feet ot the top by Missionary Brewer of The Dalles mis sion station. A record of this ascent is kept in a little old book printed in 1854 by a Methodist printing house in Cincinnati for Sunday school use. a story of missionary life in the far west. It is in diary form, kept by the Missionary Brewer, who was one of the mission family during that period, j This book was the property of Myron Eells and at his death became the property of Whitman college, which now preserves it under glass. Missionary Brewer left the mission on September 13. 1845, with two In dian boys, crossing the Columbia river In canoes and swimming their horses, arriving at the berry ground on the 15th. On the 16th he reached the foot of the mountain at 11 A. M., which was about It miles from the berry ground. He says: My suiae. an old man. a Klickitat, said I was the tirtt whir man who had tried to climb to the summit. With determined minds, we climbed up, by picking our way along tha ridftes where there was no snow. The moss flower scattered here and there was In full bloom. Tracks of deer were sometimes to be seen and elk frequently crossed our path. Having with much la bor ascended to 1000 feet of the tos I sat down exhausted and determined to go no further. The sun was fast sinking In the distant west and the w-hole country below glowed In his reflected rays. My soul was absorbed in the subllml'.y Of the scese. Juit below . us were yawn ing chasms, whose fearful depths the eye of man never pierced. Stretched out on every side. In the mingling of earth and aky, were forests, mountains, plains and rivers, all wild as human eye beheld. The hills or Willamette. ISO miles, and the Columbia river at Vancouver. J 00 mile distant, were distinctly seen by the unaided eye. The approaching evening and the in creasing chilliness of the air broke a rev erie Which I would have delighted to In dulge for hours and we commenced to re turn. Every step seemed a plunge, so sharp wan the descent and so sensitive was my exhausted frame. About 10 o'clock we reached the horses. I could go no further. Buttoning up my coat I laid down on the cold hard ground and passed a restlesa night. Brewer also describes the eruption of Mount St. Helens. This little old book is all the his tory left to the world of the family life at the Wascopum mission and iB a most Interesting addition to our sources of information. LULU JD. CRANDALL. More Truth Than Poetry. By James J. Montague. THE INACCESSIBLE.. I think that I might have the cheek. My shy reserve discarding. Some evening to walk up and speak To Warren Something Harding. Hank Lodge's mien 4s stern and cold. But It might interest him To know that I once 1 grew full bold And actually addressed him. I'm not embarrassed by the fame Of notables who serve us, I'm getting on but Just the same Hotel clerks make me nervous. The manners of these stern young men Quite frequently deceive me 1 start to speak to them and then They walk away and leave me. It steeps me in the depths of gloom. It kills my self-possession. To tell them that 1 want a room And note their pained 'expression. I always try to talk my best Like lawyers to a Jury But such an insolent request Appears to rouse their fury. I patted once in 1903 . J. Pierpont Morgan's spaniels. I know a man who once took tea With Secretary Daniels. I've seen Rube cioldberg take a drink. My former business partner since rolled around a skating rink With Ringold W. Lardner. But, though I've known the high and great. And found them worth the Knowing, tor me is locked one social gate; Hotel clerks have me going. Han He tiot the Jon lor Llfef We don't know tlVllllllff nhnllt U Irish constitution, hut it . . . Mr. De Valera's term nnt hnv. pired by this Rme. Onward and Irmnrd. The-peak of hitth nrirca Ima hn reached, but the profiteers are erect- ieT a nigner peak on the adioininir property. Breaking; the ert a. It must have relieved Mr. Ilarrlina- tn earn from the noti flm tlnn AA that the Chicairo fnnvnti.n , .. nmed him for nreKldent (Copyright, 1920. by the Bell Svndi- cate. Inc.) Having consulted his wife. Mayer Baker again will run. That settles it. A member of the National Medical association tells. the following story at the expense of a physician: "Are you sure," an anxious patient once asked, "are you sure that I shall recover? I have heard the doctors have sometimes given wrong diag noses and treated a patient for pneu monia who afterward died of typhoid fever." "You have been woefully misin formed." replied the physician in dignantly. "If I treat a man for penumonla, he dies of pneumonia." Detroit Free Press. S. W. Tinker, who is interested in the lumber industry in Lane county, is at the Portland with his daughter. Miss Martha W. Tinker of Eugene. They are accompanied by a cousin. Miss Smith of Saginaw. Mich. Mias Tinker is active in musical circles in her home town and was for-a while accompanist for the orchestra at the university. Here's a tip on how to get a free auto ride In Bend. Walk Into J. B. Miner's office and tell him you'd like to look at some ranch land and he'll bundle you into his Jitney and show you everything from homesteads In habited by Jack-rabbits to future apartment house sites. Mr. Miner was at the Imperial yesterday. Ground has been cleared for the proposed and much talked of new hotel to be erected in Lewiston, but none of the actual construction work on it has begun, according to Arnold R. Henzelt, who is registered at the Benson. Mr. Henzell, who was yester day Joined by his wife, is with the Idaho Trust company. W. S. Murdock Is fond of bossies not bosses. He travels with a fold ing typewriter and a whole stack of report blanks and when in the state of Washington generally calls on every cow in the country and inter views it. He is with the extension department of the state college at Pullman and was registered yesterday at tne imperial. Miss Helen M. Manny, who was the Seward yesterday, hails from Bend, where she has an enthusiastic following among the younger set. The reason is simple. She has tauerht in the Bend high school several years ar.d the students know she is pretty likely to be one of their teachers at some time or other. T. T. Bennett Is with Coos county from start to finish. He started there because his father used to be a bank er down there and T. T. was born and raised in that section of the state. He is an attorney in Marshfield and stayed at the Imperial while in the city on business. "People in the United States are going dance mad. I don't like it declared W. W. Kenny who has Just departed from the Multnomah. Mr. Kenny is a merchant from Colombo, Colon, although he registered from London. He is on his way to Canada to establish business connections. L. G'. Atherton comes from the town that can think of little save salmon fishing in these days, now that the American legion men have departed. He is with the 3. P. & S. offices in Astoria and was at the Multnomah yesterday. E. S. S. Smith, Portland automobile insurance broker, was due to return yesteTday from a trip to Medford where he has been looking over his DroDerty. On his way south he stopped at Eugene, where his family lived for several years. Mr. and Mrs. O. C. Jacobs and two daughters, who left Portland Just four months ago to make .heir home in Oakland, CaL are regis -red at the Oregon. They will be in - nd around the city several weeks and will prob ably visit the beaches. , "That's funny," remarked J. B. Star of Salem as he registered at the Im perial yesterday, "He's no relation of mine. On the line above Mr. fctarr name appeared that of S. E. Starr of Dallas. This city is riot lacking in tourists from far-away lands. At the Port land yesterday were Mr. and Mrs. J. Vandegriendt from Griendhaven, Hol land, and at the Multnomah was Mrs. Ella M, Bishop of Buenos Aires. EDUCATION IX FACTS IS NEEDED L'nsupporred Assertions Found to Be Reliance of Some Voters. PORTLAND, July 31. (To the Edi tor.) A Portland woman who said she was-a republican, was recently heard to remark that she did not see how Harding could hope to win in Ohio when CoX had beaten him three times for governor. When told that such was not the fact, she replied. "That's what they say." Would it not be worth while for The Oregonian to call attention again to the facts in the case, to the end that no Oregon voter of whatever political faith can have any reason able excuse for ignorance in the mat ter? Another woman the other day re marked that there was nothing in Harding's speech of acceptance that amounted ta anything. Questioned in regard to her statement, she con fessed that s-tie did not know what was in it. that she had not read herself, but said, "That's what they sav." rtuch willful iernorance on the part of otherwise intelligent women of political facts and even current news of the day is deplorable. It would seem that a campaign ot eaucaiion in eaard to politics for the women who already possess the franchise is eauallv as Important as a campaisrn o obtain the franchise for tne women of the United States who do not now oossess It. A man was recently neara to mane the sweeping statement that "both parties are rotten." Being urged to particularize, he could not or uia no name a single specific act on the par of either party in proof of his as sertion, but could only reiterate the charge that both parties were rotten The fact that many men are gross lv ienorant of facts and base thei political ideas on what "they say does not excuse any fairly intelli cent woman for doing so. It should not excuse anyone, for any man o woman who is either carelessly or o necessity Ignorant in regard to ou government has no right to the fran chise. 1 do not refer to ignorance of th opinions of others on prominent ques tions at issue, but to ignorance ctual facts upon which an intelli gent electorate is supposed to foun its political convicttons. A tt Oil A. Twenty-five Tears A Co. From The Oregonian or August 2. 1893. The First Baptist church was rowded to its cauacltv last nlrht when was solemnized ihe wedding of Miss Wong of Walla Walla and Wnr. Chung, a well-known Portland Chi nese business man. O. A. Bowen. treasurer of the stats of Washington, arrived in the city last nignt on a visit. Seattle. According to calculations of Professor Edgar McClure of the Lniversity of Oregon Mount Adams Is 1.1,40.! feet high, or 197 feet higher than Moujit Hood. The Portland Sun, conducted since last October as an opposition morning paper, will not appear in the morning. having suspended publication. In Other Days. Fifty Year Ako. From The Oregonian of August 2. 1STO. Berlin. This morning the French attacked Saarbrucken in a superior force, but were vigorously repulsed. As a fitting reception to Senator Williams and General Canby an ex cursion, open to invited guests, will be taken on on the steamer Oriflamme as soon as the vessel arrives here. The children of Mr. Clinkinbeard of Wilbur. Douglas county, were poi soned by eating berries of the deadly night shade and one of them is dead. Mr. Richardson has burned In his kiln west of town in the past year 1,000.000 brick. 400.000 ot which havs been sold in Portland. HOW TO SAVE" ROADWAY TREES Law Giving Regulation to Hlghwa Commission Proposed. GEARH ART, Or.. July 31. (To th Editor.) The editorial In The Orego nian concerning the guarding of th scenery along the state highways an especially the perpetuating of th timber scenery Is timely enough. This timber can easily be kept from being cut by the simple process of passing a law or constitutional amendment requiring a permit from the state highway commission and regulating the cutting of timber, say within 200 or 300 feet of either side of a state .highway. Said highway commission to possess ample author ity to refuse a permit altogether in cases where the commercial or scenic value of a state road be af fected. County roads can be similar ly protected, giving the county boards the requisite authority. Such a law is entirely constitu tional and would be very popular. There are many lines of business re quiring a permit before one can en gage therein. Then as regards real property witness the many building and other restrictions one meets with in the cities. An owner cannot build on his lot as he wishes, but only as prescribed by the building ordinances. He cannot even repair a leaky roof without a permit. To many owners the requirements of these ordinances make improvement of property pro hibitive. All this is done of necess'ty for the interests of the community at large. Precisely the same method can be brought to bear on owners of timber lands along a public highway where the. cutting may .jeopardize the Interests of the state. . Let the State Automobile associa tion and similar associations bestir themselves and have the necessary legislation enacted. A READER. Population Seers Queer Folk. DALLAS. Or., July 31. (To the Edi tor.) There is only one year In every ten when any good booster will hesi tate to tell you the population of his home town. That's the year of the census. Before it is announced he's not sure that he is right. After It Is an nounced he's right sure that It is wrong. AN OBSERVER. EX PL AX AXIOM DOES ROT SATISFY Voter Certifies to Having Been In fluenced by McCamant Pled tee. PORTLAND, July 31. Can I have a word to say on "The MoCamant Case"? On the evening before the day set for the presidential primary, my wife and myself, each provided with a sample ballot, proceeded to mark the same regarding the work as a sacred duty. I will state here by way of parenthesis that we d"id not favor the Bame candidate for president. Be ing personally unacquainted with any ot the presidential primary candidates it can be readily seen that the pam phlet was the only source of informa tion at our command. Coming to McCamant's name on the list we noted what he gave as his slogan "For president, an American, a republican and a statesman." We were both agreed that each and every aspirant asking for recognition pos sessed these qualifications in a greater or lesser degree. So to us that meant nothing. His statement, "I have avoided com mitting myself to any candidate for the presidency in order that I might be In a better position to support the candidate who wins out in the Oregon primary," caught us both. We wanted the man getting tne oigBesi vote 10 have Oregon's support. That was why a primary was held that's why we were giving time and thought to making a selection of a man who would unquestionably support the winner. In The Oregonian McCamant says his carefully-worded sentence about supporting the candidate wno wins out in the Oregon pnmaiy, w nromise. I have Been a reaaer 01 the English language for 70 years and a teacher of the same for 20 of those vesra. and I affirm that ? men out of 1000, reading this without knowing the man, would accept it as a "prom ise." What McCamant saia to Mac- Donald on the street or in his office. r what he says he saia to otner men bout his dislike for Johnson the men and women to. whom the voters pamphlet had been manea naa 11" means of knowing. 74 W. Watts street, city. Attaek on H. C. of I.. Detroit Free Preps. "Gone on a diet, eh?" "Yep." reduca your weight expenses." To "No; to reduce WHOSO DATE NAMED FOR FAIR Provincial Exlfibltlon Set For Week Later Than Stated. NEW WESTMINSTER. B. C Julv 30 (To the Editor.) I have just been handed a clipping under date ot July 12 from The Oregonian in which the dates of the several provincial and etate fairs of Oregon, Washing ton and British Columbia Were set down and 1 notice the dates set for our 1920 provincial exhibition in New Westminster were September 20 to 25 which should have been Septem ber 27 to October 3. I. would appre ciate it very much if you would be good enough to have this corrected. 1 may eay there must be a great many people who have read it became I have had several letters from peo ple south of us inquiring with respect to our forthcoming exhibition and I could not figure out how it was tby were under the impression our fair was September 20 to 25 until I re ceived the clipping taken from The Oreaonian. 1 felt sure it was only a matter of calling your attention to the mistake when you would be kind enough to have it corrected. D. E. MacKENZlE. i Manager and Secretary.