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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LIX NO. 18,623
Entered at Portland (Oregon)
Postofftce as Second-Class Matter.
PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY, AUGUST 2, 1920
PRICE FIVE CENTS
THRONGS VIEW SLAYER
OF TAYLOR AND PALS
JAPAN RESENTS U. S.
HARDING RESTS AFTER
WEEK OF HARD WORK
PRO -IRISH REPRESENTATIVE
- CONFERS WITH NOMINEE.
DEBS FLATLY AGAINST
PRISON RELEASE MOVE
JOLT ENTIRE WEST
NOTE ON OCCUPATION
TO GET AIR
JAIti OPEN' 3 HOURS; CROWD
LINES tP IX YARD.
HOPE' HELD ACTIOX WILL. BE
SOCIALIST NOMINEE SAYS HIS
PLACE IS IX PENITENTIARY.
RECOGXIZED AS TEMPORARY.
Victim's Brother Quiets
Mob at Pendleton.
JAIL GUARDS ARE REMOVED
City Grateful for Preservation
of Law and Order.'
SCENE IS DRAMATIC ONE
Til Taylor's Name Is Invoked to
Frge Surly Crowd to Disperse.
Alcn Cower ih Cells.
rEN DLKTON. Or., Aug. 1. (Spe
cial.) All Pendleton rubbed Its sleep
swollen eyes this morning and gave
devout thanks that reason and sanity
last night " had dethroned Judge
It was gcrruincly grateful that dur
ing the stirring hours just preceding
dawn the steady hand of law and
order had stemmed the tide of those
who sought to take the law unto
themselves and mete out death to
Neil .Hart, Jim Owens and Jack
Rathie, principals in the jailbreak-of
a week ago, which resulted in the
murder of Til Taylor, -sheriff.
Today there were no armed guards
about the jail. There were no groups
of muttering men demanding that the
iaw give up the fear-stricken pris
oners into the- hands of a mob gone
Legal Hanqctag; Kxpected .
The nerves of the man-hungers were
not torn and 'shattered as on the
night before. Instead, a feeling of
calm assurance h'overed over this
little western city. The people had
made their decision. The wheels of
justice will not be stayed. It is un
believable unthinkable that .the
slayers of Til Taylor can go un
hanged. And believing this, the people
of Umatilla county are now willing to
settle down: and let the law of the
state run its .even-tempered course.
Perhaps the most dramatic of all
these soul-stirring scenes during the
week just closed was enacted beneath
the mellow light of a full, round moon
at 2 o'clock this morning when W. R.
("Junks") Taylor, only surviving
brother of Til Taylor, and his succes
sor as sheriff, stayed the rough and
muscled hands of those who sought
the throats of his brother's slayers, by
a quiet, even-toned appeal in the nami
of'., his brother.
Ropes Ready For lse.
The mob of angry men, oiitwitted
by the sheriff and his deputies during
the earlier hours of the evening, wera
making a determined march, agains:
the jail. Close behind the self-appointed
leader were men with ropes.
The hempen ropes were knotted and
ready for instant use.
At the curb a few feet distant.
autumobtle engines were softly throb
bing, ready for instant Aty.
As the crowd surged through the
front door of the courthouse for the
second time, "Jinks" Taylor stepped
from the jail office and approached
hands in pockets. There he appeared
with head bared and in shirt sleeves.
vuicuy ne wirougn ine cor-,
ridor and stepped through the outer
door. From almost directly above.
afts of light broke through
y foliage of the maple trees
and lighted up his careworn face. -
Appeal Made For Brother.
Tears glistened in his eyes. But as
he raised his hands to speak there
was not the taintest sign of trem
bling. Nor did his voice break or
quiver during the ordeal.
"Boys. Til would not want you to
do this," he told them. "If Til were
alive he would insist mat law and
order prevail, and if you respect his
memory you will do as I ask disperse
and 'go home."
"By , it's Til himself talking to
us." shouted a tremulous voice from
the compact sea of men. And as these
words lifted above the hum of defiant
talk the men sensed the spirit of
"Jinks" Taylor's appeal. They seemed
to realize the moral courage it took
to protect those murderers of his
brother from the hands of an avenging
Lynching; Uaniter Pannes.
Without protest, except here and
there among the crowd, the men
turned back and walked away. They
were willing to do what they thought
Til Taylor would have wanted them
to do. The danger of a lynching had
passed on for good.
The three ringleaders Hart and
Owens, the half-breeds, and Jack
Rathie. their willing accomplice got
but little sleep during the night. From
their cell bars they could look out Into
the night and see this mob of man
surging to and fro about the lawn.
Kathie finally broke down under
the terrific strain. Flinging himself
face down upon his cot, he cried
aloud in anguish. His broken, trem
bling voice wailed above the din out
side in a pitiful appeal for the mother
who bore him. His mental and. physi
cal breakdown was complete.
Hart Urowi More Worried.
As the night wore on and the
crowds outside refused to leave. Hart,
the confessed slayer of Sheriff Taylor
grew more 111 at ease His nasty
,j,nccr had long since faded, and in its
lead was the look of fear. " But
Owens, the most dangerous of them
iConcludud ua l:se Column 1.J
Women and Children File Past
Cell; Hart, Owens and Rathle
Gaze Back in Sulky Silence.
PENDLETON.' Or., Aug. 1. (Spe
cial.) Sheriff W. R. Taylor threw
open the doors of the sheriff's of
fice this afternoon and for three
hours allowed people to pass through
the office and look through the barred
door of the county jail at Neil Hart,
Jim Owens and Jack Rathie, the ring
leaders in last Sunday's jail break
and .the men who engaged in the
fight in the sheriff's office in which
Hart shot and killed Sheriff Til
Hundreds of Pendleton people took
advantage of the opportunity to see
the prisoners. .From 12 o'clock, when
the doors were opened, until 3 o'clock,
when they were closed, the sheriff's
office was jammed with men, women
and children who passed along in
front of the jail door, while an ever
increasing crowd - gathered in the
courthouse yard . . awaiting their
Hart, Owens "and Rathie, heavily
chained, were stationed in a passage
way between' cells... where they could
be viewed from the jail entrance.
They stood in. sulky silence while the
townspeople, viewed' them with eyes
Lwhich showed no pity.
Sheriff Taylor la confident mat
there will 'be. no more trouble with
men demanding a lynching. .Pendle
ton witnessed stirring moments last
night when the lynching spirit was
running hiijh. . It reachedits climax
early this morning when Sheriff Tay
lor persuaded, the mob to disperse.
The prisoners were given another
grilling this morning. R. I. Keator,
district attorney, is collecting data
for their hearing before the grand
jury; Hart has confessed to the
shooting of Sheriff Tayror and was
thoroughly grilled for his possible
connections with other crimes.
COMMUNISTS IN SESSION
Formation of Party In Great Brit
ain Is Proposed.
LONDON, Aug. 1. Agreement was
unanimously reacn,ea 10 lorm a com
munist rjarty in Great Britain "for
the purpose of establishing commun
1st 1-ule. conferring power on the
working classes and controlling all
forces of production," at the opening
session of the communist convention
Present at the meeting were lo'
delegates of British communist or
ganizations. Resolutions were passed
stating it was necessary to "set up
a dictatorship of the proletariat as a
means of combatting counter revolu
DENVER CARMEN STRIKE
Only One lnterurban Line Out of
City Is Operating.
DENVER. Aug. 1. Not a street car
has been operated in Denver since
o'clock this morning when a strike of
carmen employed by the Denver
Tramway company was called.
One of the electric interurban lines
out of the city was operating...-'
Eleven hundred carmen are affected
by the strike order. Decision to
strike .was reached at a -meeting of
the carmen's union early today, when
the men voted, 887 to 10, in favor of
The men are demanding art increase
in wages to 75 cents an hour. They
. ci i. hour
MAN THROWN FROM. AUTO
Collision Results in Serious In
juries to Occupant of Rear Seat.
George N. Patterson was seriously
injured in an automobile accident yes
terday evening when the car in which
he was riding collided with another
car at the corner of East Thirteenth
and Clackamas streets.
Patterson was riding in the rear
seat of an automobile driven by J. R.
Murma. 595 East Eighteenth street
North, when this car collided with an
automobile driven by Mrs. M. Bernard,
Hamapo hotel.- He wis thrown out.
He was removed to the hospital un
conscious. None of the other occu
pants was injured.
2 THIEVES STEAL PLANE
Engine Trouble 'Forces Pair
Land;' Machine Stripped.
CHICAGO. Aug. 1. The first air
plane theft in Chicago occurred to
day at Checkerboard field, where two
men at daybreak sailed away before
the sleepy mechanics who watched
the take-off "realized what had hap
pened. Several planes took the air,
but failed to locate the plane. -
It was found later four miles from
the field, where the thieves had been
forced to land because of engine
trouble. ' The men stripped the ma
chine of valuable instruments. -
GIRL SLAIN AT. CHURCH
College Student Fatally Wounded
When About to Attend Mass.
WICHITA. Kan., Aug. 1. Miss Car
rie Cunningham, student of Fairmont
college, was shot and fatally wounded
today as she was about to enter St.
Mary's cathedral to attend mass.
Theodore Osweiler Jr., an old
sw'eetheart, was questioned by the
county attorney tonight, who stated
Osweiler would be charged
Governor Tries Crowding;
Senator Puts Queries.
DEMOCRATS LACKING THRILLS
National Chairman Creator of
Lively League Mess.
EDITORIALS ARE SCATHING
Broad Conception of San I'raii
Cisco Platform Sought, With
Room for All Inactions.
OREGON IAN NEWS BUREAU.
Washington. Aug. 1. The week in na
tional politics ended with Warren
Gamaliel Harding still clinging tena
ciously to his front porch in Marion
and James Middleton Cox trying des
perately to maintain a straddling po
sition on the league of nations. Gov
ernor Cox was persevering in the at
tempt to crowd Senator Harding off
the front porch and Senator Harding
was causing the democratic candi
date a barrel of misery by demanding
exact specifications as to the latter's
position on the league of nations.
Mr. Cox' answer is that he w
make all that clear in his speech of
acceptance next Saturday. Mean
while the Cox managers are trying to
broaden the San Francisco platform
to make room for both President Wil
son and the 21 league reservationists
in the senate together with a number
of citizens of Irish origin who would
like to stick to the democratic ticke
this year if article X and some other
articles can be toned down suffi
Democratic Mens Apparent.
rsui wnue an or mis is going on
George White, the new national
chairman picked by Governor Cox, is
getting things in a mess.
His slogans, "Coxsure" and "Peace,
progress and prosperity " Ita-ve failed
to tend any thrills into democratic
hearts, and quite to the contrary have
caused several throbs of anger fol
lowing the lead of the Baltimore Sun
democratic, the New York Times and
World, both strong for the Wilson
league, ,who pounced upon Chairman
White yesterday like Bosco the snak
eater of street carnival fame, cele
brated for "eating 'em alive." The
Times 's aroused at White's statement
that the league of nations is only a
secondary issue and finds fault with
liis declaration that "progressivism is
to be the principal issue of the cam
paign." ."That term," says the Times, "is
elastic. It meant something, perhaps,
when Colonel Roosevelt used it as
a war cry in 1912. Mr. White appears
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 5.)
WE HOPE SOMEBODY
1 A I I I QV" I V "Vvv--N.X "X. I I I I ..... II I m
rH-A,A&)le J nlo. ,,i t
with i t
One of Three Main Opinions Is
That America's Is Always in
Nature of Challenge.
TOKIO. Aug. I. (By the Associated
Press.) The American, note dealing
with Japan's occupation of the north
ern part of the island of Saghallen,
today appeared to have made an un
pleasant Impression generally on Jap
anese but the hope was expressed
that the government could convince
the United States that the occupation
will be only temporary.
The newspapers were adopting, in
the main, three lines of opinion. The
first, reported by the Yomiyurl
Shimburi, -was that America's attitude
toward Japan was always In the na
ture of a challenge. The second.
voiced by the Tomeiyui Shimbun. was
that the Japanese militarists were lo
blame for what it declared was the
misconception abroad about Japan.
The third, expressed by the conserva
tive Jiji Shimpo, was that the occu
pation of Russian territory by Japan
constituted a doubtful policy, liable
to cause difficulties.
After pointing out that Japan had
clearly stated it had no territorial
ambitions, the Yomiyuri Shimbun
It is regrettable, however, that
the declarations of the Japanese gov
eminent are often not taken serious
ly. The powers regard Japan as
country which does not mean what
it says. The most important reasons
for this will be found in the actions
of the militarists, whose utterances
are the cause of the government's
attitude being misunderstood. Un
less tha militarist evil is stamped
out, a hundred declarations disavow
ing territorial ambitions will not be
able to convince the powers."
The Jiji Shimpo's view was that
America would appreciate Japan's
position if she succeeded in making
it clear that her occupation will not
SEATTLE FLOUR TO DROP
2 0 Per Cent Difference in Prices
to Be Effective Monday.
SEATTLE, Wash., Aug. 1. Flour
prices in Seattle will drop approxi
mately 26 per cent Monday, according
to announcement 'by Puget Sound
.millers today. 'Puget sound patents,
which have been selling at 3.80 deliv
ered, win be priced at $3.50, it was
Recent breaks in the eastern whea
market are said to be the cause of the
FARMER KILLS SOLDIER
Victim Preyed on Watermelon
Patch, Is Slayer's Defense.
COLUMBUS, G Aug. 1. Private
George Melch of Coatesville, Pa., sta
tioned at Camp Benning here, was
shot and killed today while raiding
the watermelon patch of H. P. Sims
a farmer, according to county officers
who arrested Sims.
The soldier's bodv had 48 wound
from the load of a shotgun.
WILL FEED THE CAT AND DOG
Mason Declares Only Object of
Visit Is to Pay Respects;
Porch Speech to Be Started.
MARION, C Aug. 1. Tired from a
week of hard work, Senator Harding
spent a Sunday of almost complete
rest. The senator's only conference
today was with Representative Will
lam E. Mason of Illinois, a leader in
congress for recognition of the Irish
republic, Mr. Mason said he had
come to 'Marion only to pay liis re
spects to the nominee.
Tomorrow Senator Harding will
begin work on the second of his
front-porch speeches, to be delivered
Wednesday. That Mr. Harding will
not "permit the democrats to evade
the league of nations issue" was re
iterated from the Harding headquar
ters today In a statement by Senator
McCormick of Illinois. He declared
the solemn referendum which Dr.
Wilson sought," would be carried out.
The democratic attitude he character
ized as "amusing" in view of recent
utterances by European statesmen.
'In an official statement published
in London papers," the statement con
tinued, "the British prime minister
says that obviously the covenant
must be revised to secure American
adhesion to any league, and that it
ill Ufe revised for the better. Lord
Grey proposes that a new president.
in consultation with the senate, shall
be Invited to rewrite the plan for
concert among nations and warns
against accepting again as represen
tative of the American people the
persona views of a party leader.
It Is the plain truth that in franco
and England responsible public men
bitterly deplore the misrepresenta
tion of America by Dr. Wilson."
MR. COX INSPECTS FARM
Governor Passes Sunday on Long
Auto Drive In Country.
DAYTON, O., Aug. 1. A virtually
complete rest was enjoyed today by
Governor Cox. After attending church
with Mrs. Cox the governor was his
own chauffeur on a 60-miTe motor
ride, visiting his farm at Jacksonburg.
Neighbors called at the farm and
extended congratulations to the gov
ernor, who inspected new Duuaings,
livestock and other affairs.
Few visitors are expected here by
the governor until the notification
GAS RELIEF IS. IN SIGHT
Vessel With Cargo of Gasoline on
Way to Seattle.
SEATTLE. Wash., Aug. 1. (Spe
cial.) The Standard Oil company an
nounces that it has a large cargo of
gasoline due in port Tuesday night
and on Wednesday Its service stations
will go back to the five-gallon allow
ance for pleasure cars instead of the
three-gallon ration of the last few
The tank steamer El Segundo of
the Standard company's fleet is due
Tuesday night and is bringing a full
cargo of gasoline. This will relieve
the shortage that was made acute last
WHILE WE'RE GONE.
I -1 1
Cox' Speech Expected to
PERSONALITY TO BE FACTOR
Republicans Lose Their Anti
Wilson Rallying Cry.
'WET" ISSUE IS BUGABOO
Both Party Leaders Avoid Pro
nounced Stand While Feel
ing Public Pulse.
BY MARK SULLIVAN.
(Copyright, by New York Evening Post.
Inc. Published by arrangement.)
. WASHINGTON, Aug. 1. (Special.)
Next Saturday, August 7. when Mr.
Cox makes his acceptance speech, will
be the next opportunity we shall have
of getting light on what are to be
the issues of the campaign.
That those issues are not yet for
mulated in the public mind Is clear,
but with the delivery of Mr. Cox ac
ceptance speech, we shall have the
last of those formal public utterances
the platforms, the notification
speeches and the acceptance speeches
which are supposed to set out the
issues of the campaign.
Voter May Select Iue.
It may be that even with Governor
Cox' speech next Saturday, the issues
will still be unformed and that it will
still be impossible to forecast Just
what issues the voter will have in mind
when, he casts his ballot in November.
It is conceivable that the election may
lurn on issues not yet foreseen or on
events that may occur during the
coming week. It Is even possible that
the election may turn on merely the
personalities of the two men.
one possibility that strikes your
correspondent as ' easy to happen
would be for the presidential election
to ignore great national issues and
to be decided by the aggregate of the
leaders of the local candidates for
congress in the 44 districts of the
Cox I'pnet Republican Plans.
For the lack of crystallization so
far there are several reasons. For
once the republican party was taken
by surprise when Cox was nominated
and has not yet adjusted itself as to
how best to meet that particular nom
ination. The republicans expected that
McAdoo would be the nominee and
were fully prepared and eager to tie
McAdoo up to Wilson and then make
Wilson and Vilsonism" the issue.
The republicans have not yet recov
ered irom me surprise the democrats
gave them by failing to name McAdoo
and naming Cox.
The republicans seem even now, at
the end of nearly a month, a little
staggered and disorganized. In a half
hearted way the republican managers
ana the republican papers are still
talking Wilson. It is clear, however,
that that issue of a personality about
to pass from public life cannot pos
sibly afford enough vitality to last
out the campaign. The renublicans
will have to find another issue.
. Another reason for the uncertain
i ty is that the democrats are, so far.
a little uncertain about exploiting the
capitalizing that issue which was
I most responsible for Cox' nomlna-
.' tion. and was definitely in tha min-
of those who nominated him.
The nomination of Cox was brought
' democratic leaders who are "wr
Those party leaders who were most
potent in determining the selection of
Cox had as a definite and deliberate
.part of their strategy the intention of
going after the "wet" vote in certain
larger states where that vote is im
portant, notably New Jersey, New
York and Ohio.
Wet'" lmae Is Bugaboo.
But while this strategy was in the
minds of those party leaders who had
most to do with naming Cox, the
party as a whole, is, as yet, at least
unwilling to present that issue frank
ly to the public at large and solicit1
votes on it.
The democratic management may
or may not get around to doing this
later on. Your correspondent sus
pects they will, but for the present
the "wet" versus "dry" issue Is not
being put forward clearly by either
the democrats or the republicans.
Both are a little afraid of it.
The republicans hesitate to avow
themselves as "dry" for fear they may
I lose a large number of voters of
varying degrees of wetness, in the big
eastern states. The democrats hesi
tate to avow their candidate and their
issue as "wet" for fear they may lose
the "dry" vote, which is a determin
ing factor in some western states.
Lragrue Issue Still Muddled.
Still another reason for the lack of
clarification of issues lies in the con
fusion in both parties on the leatrue
J of nations, and others who detest it.
The republican leaders range from
one extreme of Murray Crane who
favors a league of nations so strong
that his version does not differ ma
terially from President Wilson's ver
sion all the way to the' other ex
treme, where leaders like Hiram
Johnson are opposed to any league of
The democrats are in precisely the
same boat: Their leaders range from
men like Homer Cummings, who
Con,cuded on Pg 3, Column 3.)
So Lone as Comrades "Are Held
Criminals and Convicts" He
Wishes to Stay Back of Bars.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 1. Eugene V.
Debs, socialist candidate for presi
dent, has put his foot down on the
movement to obtain his release from
Writing from the Atlanta penlten-.
tiary. Debs declared so long as his
comrades "are held criminals and
convicts," his place was there. Tha
letter, made publio here today, said:
"Please say to the comrades in
New York that while I appreciate all
done in my behalf, I object emphat
ically to any further appeal being
made for me only to President Wil
son. I wish no special consideration
and I wish to fare no better than m
ASHLAND SEEKS SESSION
Epwortli League Institute Is Prom
islied by Officials.
ASHLAND, Or., Aug. 1. (Special.)
An Epworth League institute will be
held in Ashland next year. Rev. C. A.
Edwards of, this city obtained this
promise during a visit to the Jeffer
'The attractions of Lithia park,
where a tent city has been located
for various assemblies and schools all
this summer, and the ample assembly
halls and classrooms of the Chautau
qua auditorium and Chautauqua hall
are attracting numerous summer con
ventions and assemblies to Ashland.
Next summer a month's or six weeks'
summer school, a girls conference and
summer camp, a Moody institute Bible
school, several denominational camp
meetings and the Epworth institute
may be held here.
MANNIX PUZZLES BRITAIN
Steamer on Which Prelate Sailed
May Be Ordered to Liverpool.
QUEBXSTOWN, Ireland, July 31.
The White Star liner Celtic, due Sun
day night, has been ordered to pro
ceed to Liverpool. It is surmised the
Baltic, on which Archbishop Man nix
of Australia sailed from New York
today, will be directed to take a sim
DUBLIN, Aug. 1. Should Arch
bishop Mannix be forced to proceed
direct to Liverpool, the question
arises as to how the government can
prevent his coming to Ireland. Until
few months ago a permit was re
quired to land in Ireland but this reg
ulation was abolished. It is sug
gested it may be revived.
ASTORIA WOMAN DROWNS
Husband Fails to Save Wife After
She Falls From Small Boat.
ASTORIA, Or., Aig. 1. (Special.)
Mrs. Minnie Cecil Anderson, wife of
Olaf Anderson, 1816 Morrison avenue.
was drowned in the Columbia river
shortly afternoon today. With her
husband and two small children, the
woman was returning in a fishing
boat from a picnic party at Svenson.
Mrs. Anderson was sitting in the
stern of the boat, r and as the craft
was rounding Tongue point she lost
her balance and fell overboard. Mr.
Anderson heard his wife scream and
turned the boat around as quickly as
possible, but was unable to reach her
before she sank. The body tonight
had not been recovered.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 84
degrees; minimum. 58 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair and continued warm: west
Reds within 85 miles of Warsaw. Page 5.
United States note on occupation is re
sented by Japan. Page 1.
Increase in railroad rates is terrific blow
to entire west Page 1.
Debs puts down foot on effort to obtain
hia release frm prison. Page 1.
Both party leaders avoid pronounced stand
while feeling public pulse. Page 1.
Rival presidential candidates spar for
opening advantage. Page 1.
Indiana ex-governor la killed in auto wreck.
Hardinc rests after week of hard work.
Socialist vice-presidential nominee de
clares change in society is impending.
Lynching danger at Pendleton entirely
passed. Page 1.
Western Washington and western Oregon
lumbermen begin forming advertising
pool. Page 15.
Republican state committee of Washington
completes campaign plans. Page 3.
Pendleton jail 'thrown open for three
hours to townspeople desiring- to sec
captured outlaws. Page 1.
Honeyman retains league leadership by
defeating iron workers. Page 9.
Coast League results: Portland 3-3. Ran
Francisco 2-1; Seattle 10-0. Los Ange
les 3-1; Oakland 15-4, Sacramento 5-1;
Vernon 8-1. Salt Lake tt-6. Page 8.
Fulton breaks ribs in bout with Wills.
Page 8. i
Vardon and Ray downed by Hagen and
Barnes. Page 9.
New York is aroused by loss of trade.
, Portland and Vicinity.
Colonel T. W. Scott gets Salvation Army
post In east. fage JO.
Increase In rates of Interest and Import
ance to financial worltf. Page 15.
Theological student fills pulpit at While
Temple Baptist cnurcn. Page 7.
State dairy herds are becoming famous.
Exchango loophole opens way to making
. money rapiuiv. rage id.
Plaas extensive for buyers' week. Page 14.
Fee on transfer of cnecks avoided by fed
eral reserve bank. Page 10.
Bi trade in British Mala-y peninsula de
clared within reach ot Pacific coast.
Blow May Greatly De
crease Tourist Travel.
PASSENGER FARES ARE MORE
Cost of All Tickets Is In
creased 20 Per Cent.
FREIGHT BURDEN ADDED
Pueific Territory Mut
Per Cent Additional
Interstate Body's Ruling
OKEGONIAN NEWS BUREAU.
Washington. Aug. 1. The decision of
the interstate commerce commission
yesterday was a terrific blow to the
Next winter's tourist travel may be
very greatly diminished by the added
load to passenger travel contained in
the order Increasing all transporta
tion rates. All passenger tickets will
be increased 20 per cent. This means
six-tenths of one cert a mile in most
cases, and in some few cases, mora.
as in some parts of the west the pres
ent passenger rates are four and five
cents a mile.'but this is not the worst.
Pullman tickets will cost 50 per Cent
more. Railroads, by this order, can
charge passengers for the privilege '
of riding in Pullmans one-half of tho
cost of the Pullman fare itself.
Freight rates are increased 25 per
cent in Pacific and mountain terri
tory, 35 per cent in western territory
east of St. Paul and 1S1 Paso, 40-per
cent in the east, and 25 per cent in
the south. This means that the
through rate to the Pacific coast on
freight from the ast will be the sum
of the' new rates prorated for the
territory in which they apply, or
roughly, an average rate increase of
between 30 and 35 pcr cent.
All of these increases will become
effective within five days from filing
of the new tariffs and the railroads
expect to have all rates in force -before-
September 1. It is esti nated by
this rise that the income" of the. rail
roads will be increased $1,5)0,000.000.
The valuation placed by the railroads
on their properties was $20,000,000,009.
The commission tentatively accepted
as a fair valuation the sum of $18.
900,000.000. INTRASTATE RISli IS SOUGHT
Railroad lo Advance Claims on
Top of Interstate Increase.
Aug. 1. tBy the
tiastate rates freight, passenger
and Pullman to correspond with the
interstate increases authorized yes
terday by the Interstate Commerce
commission, will be asked of state
railway commissions, it was stated
tonight by Alfred P. Thom. general
counsel for the Association of Railway
Such intrastate rate increases. Mr.
Thom said, will not add to the income
provided by the federal commission's
decision because in submitting their
estimates the carriers calculated on a
basis of increases' of both intrastate
and interstate rates.
Applications to the state commis
sions are being prepared and railway -executives
expect that the increases
will be granted. Should any state
commission refuse to authorize them,
the carriers, .he said, will proceed un-
der the transportation act, and ask a
hearing before the Interstate Com
merce commission to determine wheth
er the intrastate rates are dlscrim-
inatory or prejudicial to interstate
Since the rate increases granted
were made general by the federal
commission, the railroads will ask
for corresponding increases in eaai
state. The percentage of advatnees
sought in intrastate freight rates,
however, wilt correspond to the per
centage authorized in the territory in
which the state is located. ' Thus, in
creases requested in eastern states
would be 40 per cent; in soutUern
states 25, in western states and in
mountain-Pacific states 25.
RISE TO NET 91,131,000,000
$2 11,000,000 More Than Standard
Allowed by Government.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1. (Bj the
Associated Press.) Rate incTertwes
granted railroads by the interstate
commerce commission are designed to
give carriers an annual net operating
Income of $1,134,000,000 or $241,000.
000 more than the standard return al
lowed by the government.
This is $34,000,000 more than the
roads made in their recoM year oj
1916, but is $99,000,000 less than the
$1,233,000,000 net operating income
Rate experts will egin tomorrow
preparing the new tariff schedules it
is planned to file in time for the in
creased rates freight, passenger an
Pullman to become effective Sep
tember 1. Then the goverrument
guarantee of the standard return ot
$83,000,0no annually will expire.
Experts also will undertake to fig
ure the actual money return to ac
crue from the inci-eases which are
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