Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORXIXG OREGONIAN, SATURDAY, JULY 31, 1920
ESTABLISHED BV HENRY U PITTOCK.
Published by The Oreconlan Publlhln Co.
1.15 Milh Street. Portland. Oregon.
C. A.AlCRDEN. B. B. firER.
. M.uuer. : Editor.
The Oresonian la a member of the Aibo-
rlDlH Prt... TH- A r,riald ITeS It
exclusively entitled to the use lor P""llc'ihe
. , , , - . i.raaiTd to It I
ii"n all newa ujbpi;"c
or not otherwise credited In this paper ana
also-the locai nei published herein. Ail
rights of republication of special dispatches
herein are aito reserved.
cised by the despots whom we over- i of both the republican and demo
thrtw in the war. The treaty was crutic platforms and to the practice
sacrificed to save the constitution. of Senator Harding In his own busi
The stand which the senate has I ness. Other unions, "however, will
made insures that future presidents i greatly strengthen their own and the
fcubaeriptlon Kates Invariably In Advance,
Hw VI all 1
Pally. Sunday Included, one year 9 I with the president.
Daily, Sunday included, aix months ..-
Lally. bundav Inciudfid. three mon-.ni.
Taily. Silnflay included, one month .
lJaily, without Sunday, one year
laily, without Sunday, six months -Iaily.
without Sunday, one month
W eekly, onetyear .....
Sunday, one year
rally. Sunday Included, one year 2'SS
Daily. Sunday Included, three months.. 2. -A
Ially, Sunday included, one month ....
I'sily. wit hout Sunday, one year 7 ?
I'aily, without Sunday, three months.. I---?
Dally, without Sunday, one month 6-
How to Kemit. Send postoffice money
order, express or personal check on your
local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are
at owner's risk. Give postoffice address
In full lnAhi.n. - , ,4 HOIA
routine Rates. 1 to 1 paces. 1 cent;
IS to 32 pages. 2 cents; 34 to 48 pages, 3
cents; 50 to 6-i pages. 4 cents; 6tt to 80
pastes, 5 cents; 82 to 96 pages, 6 centa.
Foreiicn postage, double rates.
Eastern Business Office. Verrea Conk
lln. Brunswick bu'lldln-5. New York. Verree
Conklln. Steaer build inn. Chlcaeo; Ver
ree & Conklin. Free Press building. De
troit. Mich. San Francisco representative,
B. J. Bldwell.
ENOUGH UW FOB SOME.
Four persons have been killed In
Portland by automobiles this week.
In each instance the driver of the
car asserts that the Incident was Un-
avoiaaDie. I'ernaps it was. xnore
are more automobiles on the streets
than ever before and there are more
pedestrians. Some pedestrians are
careless. But It will be admitted that
It is unusual, even under these cir
cumstances, for four fatal automo
bile accidents to occur in one week,
and all be unavoidable.
But there was an automobile col
lision yesterday that was not un
avoidable. A large car whirled Into
Fark street at a speed, it is estimated.
of between thirty and forty miles an
hour. Park street is coie of the nar
rowest thoroug-h fares in the con-
a-ac itialpit TliAea .1 - Vi I- -i t.t ,
flying car were certain in their own
minds that an accident would hap
pen. One man ran to the corner to
witness the inevitable. He arrived
just in time to see a motorcycle and
hurled into the air.
There are some kinds of accidents
.which one-way traffic which we
once discussed but seem to have for
gotten will prevent. It is possible
also that the new licensin , system
for car operators will Induce drivers
to be more careful, though we have
never been able to understand ex
actly how it is to be known whether
a driver has a permit in his pocket
or not. But more law and more regu
lations will be only so much more
law and regulations to break by
those who are recklessly Indifferent
of the laws and regulations we now
At this writing- it is not known
whether a fatality resulted from the
Park street incident. But It may be
said that he who drives in Park
street in excess of the speed per
mitted by law and thereby kills an
other is guilty of something worse
"If any person shall, by an act
imminently dangerous to others,"
says the law, "ana evincing a de
praved mind, regardless of human
me, annougn witnout design to ei
' feet the death of an;- particular in
dividual, kill another, such person
shall be deemed guilty of murder in
the second degree."
will seek and obtain the co-operation
of the senate from the inception of
treaties in order that their labor may
not be wasted and that they may not
humiliated in the eyes of the
world. It also constitutes notice to
other nations that before entering
upon negotiations with American
diplomats they should satisfy them
selves that the senate is cognizant
of the "matter and is of one mind
Never again will
steelworkers' case by recognizing
that the right to join a union car
ries with it the right not to join and
that fair dealing and regard for the
right of employers will go far to
overcome the objection of many em
ployers to dealing with organizations.
a president feel safe in informing
congress that he is going in his own
proper person to a foreign capital to
negotiate a treaty, or in taking with
him four estimable but self-effacing
men whose minds travel along with
his own to figure as delegates. We
pay dearly for our assurance, but it
is worth the price.
TOO MANY COOKS.
In the full enthusiasm of his grat
itude for the great hour he spent in
the White House, Candidate' Cox
emerged from the historic interview
with the announcement that "what
he (Wilson) promised I shall, if
elected, endeavor with all my
strength to carry out." Quite a large
Having assayed to his entire satis
faction the quality of his proposed
successor's devotion to him and his
causes, the president informed the
nation that he and the governor
"were absolutely at one with regard
to the great issue of the league of
nations" and that Mr. Cox was ready
to be the "champion in everv re
spect of the honor of the nation and
to secure peace of the world." A big
load, to be sure.
Mr. Cox had passed some of the
time following his nomination and
prior to his advent into the Sacred
Presence in "thinking up certain res
ervations of his own to the league.
He has not mentioned them lately.
Apparently he has been persuaded
that the league in its original form
is the one perfect product of perfec
tion itself. Or should we say Per
Mr. White, with whom the world
is just getting acquainted as chair
man of the democratic committee,
has been embarrassed so far by no
summons to the White House and
he says the issue is "progressivism"
and the democratic slogan- is to be
"peace, progress and . prosperity."
There are a few more available words
which might have been comman
deered for their alliterative Value to
the campaign and their specific re
lation to the democratic party, such
as pacificism, procrastination, pov
erty and prohibition, but we can see
v here they do not exactly fit in any
appeal for votes. Mr. White is quite
sure that the league is a secondary
The ."solemn referendum" of Mr.
Wilson is to be a solemn fiasco under
Mr. Cox' leadership. As an under
study for Mr. Wilson he doesn't look
the part, and can't play it. There
are too many coaches on the side
lines and they are already giving
the wrong cues.
MSSON8 OF THE STEEL STRIKE.
The report of th'e Interchurch
World Movement on the steel strike
contains a lesson for both the steel
corporation and i's employes. To
the steel corporation it will teach
that impartial bodies, such as the in
vestigating committee presumably
was, will not cease to condemn un
reasonably long hours at exhausting
labor, a boss system where there is
no appeal and no medium for redress
of grievances, and denial of the right
of men to organize fnr thpir own nrn.
There may be devised regulations , tection, except within each plant and
under the eye of their employers. To
OCR AXNCAI, 1TRE LOSS.
The disquieting feature of the an
nual report of the National Board of
Fire Underwriters is not its showing
familiar enough that the per cap
ita property loss by fire in the United
States enormously exceeds that of
any other country in -the world, in
cluding Russia, but the statement
that the loss is increasing steadily.
Leaving out 1906, when the excep
tional San Francisco earthquake and.
fire destroyed more than $200,000,000
of material assets, and 1918, in
which the figures were adventitiously
swelled by destruction of numerous
war munitions plants, the loss in
curred in 1919 was the greatest, both
total and per capita, in our history.
It was $225,000,000, or approximately
$900,000 for each day in the year.
On a per capita basis, this means
a loss of J3.13 for each man, woman
and child in the country. In Great
Britain in the same period the per
capita loss was the equivalent of 61
cents. Leading countries on the con
tinent of Kurope have not reported
as a whole, but local figures show no
marked departure from the records
of past years. For some of . these
countries the last yearly figures
available are: Russia, $1.16; France,
S't cents; Austria, 37 cents; Ger
many, 25 cents.
The difference is partly due to dif
ferences in construction methods in
the countries cited, but the fact that
the situation is growing worse in
stead of better cannot be accounted
for in this way, in the face of recent
progress in fireproof ing. The view
of an underwriter of national reputa
tion, that "by no means the least
important cause has been the herv
ous temperament of our people," is
worth considering, as a factor that
can be eliminated in time. The spirit
or haste Is akin to that of careless
ness, which may rise to the height
or criminal neglect.
There is talk among fire under
writers of introducing the study of
fire prevention into the public
schools. Perhaps this would accom
plish something. But it would seem
that a well-thought-out method of
fixing civil responsibility for pre
ventable fires might offer a more
effective solution. Or both methods
might be tried. The fact stands out
that the destruction of $325,000,000
worth of property by fire, whether
or not the loss is covered by insur
ance, represents 100 per cent waste.
mat win lessen tne number of un
avoidable" accidents. But for those
who evince "a depraved mind, re
gardless of human life," there is
now law enough. The law that fits
such cases ought to be enforced re
lentlessly. Penitentiary sentences
imposed on a few will put sense into
the heads of others.
TIED VP TILL WILSON GOES. '
There i.-e several important mat
ters of American foreign policy
which should be settled without
much delay if national interests are
not to suffer. One is our relations
with Russia, another is Japan's oc
cupation of eastern Siberia, espe
cially northern Saghalien, against
which the government seems to have
protested; a third is financing and
development of China and protection
of that country r.gainst domination
- . by any one power. But the position
.into which President Wilson has
blundered by his conflict with the
senate leaves him without authnrltu
, iu iicguiiaia o-ii agieeuieuu
Agreements on those questions
can be reached only in conference
with all the powers Interested, but
' when American riclpca tpq nnnnlntal
; by Mr. Wilson appeared at those
- conferences the delegates from other
powers would raise the point with
each other: Would any bargains
made by these Americans be ratified
by the senate? They would want to
be assured that the president had
acted in concert with the senate in
giving the delegates their instruc
tions before they would negotiate.
In the present state of relations be
tween president and senate, that as
surance could not be triven. Th
' president certainly will not yield at
- this late day so far as to seek the ad
vice and consent of the senate to
the terms which he will propose; the
senate will not ratify any treaty lie
mav make in disretrm-rl nf I ta r.niti
- tutional function. Then no out
standing foreign problems can be
solved until his successor takes
Mr. Wilson, by attempting to make
good the theory enunciated in his
Constitutional History that the pres
ident's control over foreign affairs
- is absolute and that the senate's part
is merely to act as a rubber stamp.
has forced a choice between two
evils. One is that the United States
shall not join with the allies in mak
ing and enforcing the treaties with
Germany and the other central pow
ers, in organizing the league and in
settling all other foreign affairs so
long as he remains president. The
other is that the senate abandon is
.. part in treaty-making and leave the
r president alone to make treaties,
"acting in his own name and by his
own proper authority," like the
former "all-highest" kaiser of Ger-
1' Vfl I 1 1 V. 1U I Hit 1 1. iiXl ul tX 1 1 Llie
..- Kussias. If the senate were to choose
the latter alternative, it would not
only condone violation of the consti
:: tution by the president but would be
guilty of the same offense itself. It
would concentrate In one branch of
. the government power which the
-I 1 1 . . T . .1,4 . . ln V :
IU111I.1V. Ik " U UIV1 . I .11. in 11IC ,11 1,111-
dent power over foreign relations
as absolute as that which, was exer-
the steelworkers it will teach that,
however just may be demands for
which they strike, public sympathy
is alienated by resort to violence and
by mingling of revolutionary aims
with the purely industrial aims of a
strike. The industrial history of this
country is full of examples of strikes
for just ends that were ostensibly
won by the employers, but where
pressure of public opiniou finally
drove them to give redress.
In their demand for the eight-hour
day, for the right to have their cause
presented by their own representa
tives and for the right to join na
tional unions, the steelworkers had a
strong case. They sacrificed the ad
vantage which they thus gained by
accepting such leaders as Foster and
others, whose purpose was to use the
strike for the purpose of starting a
revolution which was by violence to
have changed not only the industrial
system, but the form of government
in defiance of the will of the major
ity as expressed at the ballot .box.
The strike was accompanied by mob
outbreaks at Stvc-al cities whereby
men who went to work were brutally
bepten for exercising an undoubted
right. No doubt the peace officers
violated the strikers' civil rights in
some cases, but the lawless acts of
the strikers put .theni in poor posi
tion to complain. The activity of
alien revolutionary societies deprived
the strikers of the excuse that riots
and assaults were merely the irregu
lar acts of a few hotheads.
Public sympathy was alienated by
these features of the strike, the more
decidedly because the steel strike fol
lowed shortly after the revolutionary
strikes at Seattle and Winnipeg and
a number of -strikes flagrantly vio
lating . union contracts, because- it
came when railroad and miners'
strikes were threatened with radical
political aims in me DacKgrouna.
With sound judgment the American
people held that, however just may
have been the demands of the steel
workers, they had ruined their case
by combining these ..with other de
mands which could not be consid
ered. Their claim to the right to or
ganize is also injured by the unrea
sonable demands which some unions
have forced on employers by dicta
tion and by threats of boycott and
of strikes which would cause great
loss. Seeing these practices, the steel
ccrporation may have reasoned that
it would prevent the first beginning
of such practices by employing no
union men and by having no dealings
The steel corporation is not justi
fied in inferring from the public con
demnation of last year's strike that
it would have the same sympathy
in another strike that was unmarked
by violence and if the just demands
of the workmen were unaccompanied
by violence and were dissociated
from revolutionary aims and organi
zations. Public opinion does not ap
prove of shifts eleven, to fourteen
hours and occasionally twenty-four
hours long, nor of arbitrary power
for bosses nor of absolute denial of
the right to organize. That attitude
or employers Is contrary to the spirit
"BABE" RUTH IX THE MOVIES.
News that George Herman, better
known as "Babe" Ruth, intends to
appear in moving pictures almost co
incides with the threat of a strike of
technical operators in the motion
picture industry. An interesting
study in relative values Is here pre
sented. That "Babe," who is con
ceded to be worth $125,000 in base
ball, is to receive anything less than
a "princely Si.lary" in the noiseless
drama is of co rse unthinkable
Nor are enormous stipends enor
mous both actually and in proportion
to dramatic ability a novelty in
the business. Tfer the public, paus
ing in Its denunciation of profiteers
and profiteering to drop into a thea
ter where its favorite is vicariously
on view, never is stirred to rancor
on that account. Ws may grit our
teeth at the sight of a more or less'
palatial home inhabited by a dairy
man or a grocer, but we read of the
marble hall that Doug Fairbanks
calls home, or of a million or so a
year in the pcy envelope of a Charlie
Chaplin without the slightest thought
of violating the tenth commandment.
All good ball fans know, of course,
that Ruth is a famous character.
What they do not .know is whether
he can act or not, nor for that matter
do they care. We have not heard
how much he is going to get, but the
fact that his press agent will put the
figure plenty high is proof that he
observes no tendency on the public's
part to be resentful, or envious, or
anything like that. A millionaire oil
magnate or a wool merchant may
have reasons for minimizing his in
come, but not a Fatty Arbuckle or a
Caruso. As to how the public will
react to the information, which we
expect any day, that the chaps who
only 1'shoot" the scenes, or develop
the Jellulold, or manufacture the
properties get as high as fifty or
sixty dollars a -week if they work
hard enough, we do not pretend to
be able to prophesy.
The people seem to be willing to
pay whatever is asked of them for
what they want provided it is not
a necessity. Ruth with his eye on
the kingship of Swat is a popular
hero, just to see whom is a privilege.
Nobody thinks that he has the mak
ing of an o-ctor in him, yet it is a safe
prediction that not a theatergoer in
this broad land will object to his
gathering in as many shekels as
would make a hundred cranberry
merchants reasonably rich. The
problem of the unequal distribution
of wealth has passed beyond the
bounds of sociology it has become
an issue that can be settled only by
numbers who meanwhile had sev
ered tribal relations. Excess of
births over deaths, amounting to 1522
in 1916 and almost as great an in
crease in 1917, reflects Indian adapt
ability to new surroundings and re-
ponsiveness to a less paternal policy.
The race has profited by gradual
withdrawal of the props by which it
long was artificially sustained. Edu
cation has paid in the long run,
though it made headway slowly at
first. Its chief discouragements were
the impatient criticisms of persons
who judged superficially. Progress
Is not always measured by garb; if it
were our white brethren would need
to give a new account of themselves.
Commissioner Sells illuminates this
phase of the Indian advancement by
Too much has been said about Indian
school graduates going back to the
blanket. Any assumption that more than
negligible percentage of such students
are non-prosreasive is unwarranted. In
some instances where pupils not long in
school have returned to backward home
conditions the result have been disap
pointing, but by no means an entire loss.
If thene boys and girls carry no more than
a speaking use of English Into homes still
under the thrall of- barbaric Ignorance,
they have started a lilting force. Some
times young men returning from our
schools resume a certain outward form
of tribal fashion as a matter of expediency
or of social deference to their elders, but
their activities show what they are: their
farming, their stockraising, the homes
they build and the way they furnish them.
and their des.re to have their children go
to acnool are the best evidences of their
Nothing, on the other hand, is
gained by exaggeration. The truth
wili. suffice. The Indians did not, as
has been stated, buy "more than
$60,000,000 worth of Liberty bonds,"
but they did make an actual invest
ment of $25,000,000 worth, which in
proportion to their resources was a
splendid showing. More than 10,000
served in the war. Acceptance, of
white men's hospital facilities and
practical. retirement of the medicine
man are indubitable signs of prog
ress. Fifty thousand Indian families
now live in permanent homes and
take an interest in sanitation. Three
fourths of their children eligible for
attendance are enrolled 'in some
school. More than two-thirds of
their population speak English and
more than one-half read and. write
English. Gain In use of civilized
speech has been especially remarka
ble in the past seven years and repre
sents the harvest of years of educa
tion which for a long time seemed to
yield little or no return. About 225,-
000 allotments of land have been
made since the government adopted
the policy of giving full control of
property to those who were cornpe
tent to assume it, and in the last,
three years 10,956 titles in fee slm-
pie have been granted, or 1062 more
than in the entire preceding decade.
Emancipation of the Indians has
been accompanied by a good deal of
progress by the whites. The two
events are rather closely related, as
unbiased students of our early rela
tions with the tribes are now willing
to concede. Yet the true friends of
the Indian are not now those who
clamor for complete release from su
pervision. As Mr. Sells observes:
There are thousands whose personal
possessions are suggestive of capacity for
independent support, but who are not
qualified to withstand the competitive
tests that would follow withdrawal of
federal guidance. To abandon these would
be to leave them a prey to every kind of
unscrupulous trickery that masks ltcelf
In the conventions of civilization.
The Indian's transformation from
a game-hunter and nomad to a
homebuilder constitutes an illumi
nating chapter In our own history.
We are beginning to make amends
for the "early processes of treaty
making and t.-eaty - breaking" to
which the commissioner alludes as
constituting a chapter that finds few
defenders. It will be kept in mind
that incapacity for combating the
"unscrupulous trickery" to which
many Indians have fallen victim
may have been due to other factors
than fundamental defects In char
CASE! OF ALASKA. BROWN BEAR
Among the addresses at the ses
sion here of the Pacific coast Oph
thalmological soc' :y was one on the
subject, "Chronic Dacryocystitis and
Treatment by the West Operation."
And yet Horace Gree'ey used to ad
vise young men to go west!
Some freak in a bureau has de
vised a plan to pension women ste
nographers when they reach 70 by
making a small hold-out monthly
as lr a woman would stenog all those
years; she d marry first.
Mr. Ilorsadiy Denies He Ever Char
acterised Animal aa "Hsrmleu." -
NEW YORK, July 22. (To the Ed
itor.) For about three years a few
people in Alaska have been demand
ing from the department of agricul
ture the right to hunt Alaskan brown
bears all the year round for their
rklts, on the amazing ground that the
bears seriously interfere with the
stockraising industries of Alaska, and
later on the further ground that the
bears are a menace and a positive
danger to the residents of Alaska. A
few prominent American mammalo
gists, headed by Dr. C. Hart Merriam,
have opposed the proposed wholesale
slaughter and the extermination of
the moat interesting carnivorous ani
mal in North America and the statue
quo ante bellum has been maintained.
Last spring a citizen of Alaska and
an ex-soldier named Clarence Thomp
son took his rifle and went out bear
hunting on Chicago island. We are
assured that Mr. Thompson went bear
hunting by the fact that no other
game killable with a rifle was in sea
son at the time of his sad misadven
ture. Mr. Thompson found a bear,
fired at it twice, failed to kill it, and
the bear injured him so terribly that
after a most harrowing experience he
died in the Chicagof hospital a few
days after the encounter.
Promptly seeking someone on whom
to lay the blame for this tragedy, the
editor of the Alaska Daily Empire
published a long and violent edito
rrial which from beginning to end
virtually held William T. Hornaday
responsible for the death of Mr.
Thompson. This was based on a long
period of pernicious activities in fa
vor of the Alaskan brown bear by the
accused party, whose whole burden
of offense is to be found in one page
of statement and protest in a pam
phlet published by the Permanent
Wild Life Protection Fund on Feb
ruary 15, 1920. as bulletin No. 6. in
an article entitled "The Free Killing
of Alaskan Brown Bears."
Just why the editor of the Dally
Empire should elect to give the au
thor of the pamphlet ten times more
credit than he deserves for the. pro
tection that the Alaskan brown bear
has received up to date does not ap
pear, and therefore apologies are due
to Dr. C. Hart Merriam, the real lead
er of the opposition to Alaskan brown
The article in the Daily Empire ap
plies various opprobrious epithets to
the campaigning trustee of the Per
manent Wild Life Protection Fund,
who has noted with Interest the fact
that he has not yet been called a
horsethief or a murderer by direct
On May 7 T. B. Drayton, a writer
of special newspaper articles at
Seward, Alaska, sent out to four
newspapers in the states the story of
the death of Mr. Thompson and the
dangerous nature of Alaskan brown
bears. Along with this he Incorpo
rated a story to the effect that Will
iam T. Hornaday had been publishing
the statement that the great Alaskan
brown bears are "harmless animals.1
nd he cited the alleged arrival in
Alaska of those statements coincident
with the killing of Mr. Thompson by
This statement, being without foun
dation In fact, was Immediately de
nounced by Mr. Hornaday as wholly
false. The New York World pub
lished the disclaimer and promptly
referred It to Mr. Drayton for a re
port. On June 10 Mr. Drayton wrote
to the World a long letter of explana
tion. without furnishing one line or
reference in support of his "harmless"
yarn, yet lacking the manhood to ad
mit that he was in the wrong.
Mr. Drayton represents a small but
very noisy group of Alaskan editors
and writers who see red every time
their views and their demands are
criticised or opposed by anyone in the
hated "States." It looks as if they
are fostering the growth of hostile
feeling in Alaska toward the national
government and especially toward
those who wish to see the resources
of Alaska conserved and utliizea ror
the greatest good of the greatest
number. And Mr. Drayton complains
that he can induce only four news
papers to give him "half a chance at
accuracy, much less lair play, wnen
he writes on "that rotten subject."
It is the opinion of the writer that
there are in Alaska a few men who
just now are doing Alaska more harm
than good and that Mr. jjrayion ana
the eflltor of the JuTieau Daily Em
pire are two of them.
WILLIAM T. HORNADAY.
Those Who Come and Go.
'ORGANIZATION OP WOMEN VOTERS
It Is evident that The Portland Orego
nian is badly worried over the Cox can
didacy. Pendleton East Oregonian.
Not so badly. We are worried
chiefly over the worries of our demo
cratic friends. They are only be
The germ that made the olive
deadly has been located as a soil
product, but how iti climbs the tree
to get Into the fruit is not stated
Fine thing the "bug" does not grow
in the watermelon patch.
No postal employe can be a politi
cian, according to Burleson, but he
can send a check for a month's pay
to Dr. Morrow's office and no ques
tions will be asked.
The trail is getting cold after
nearly a week, but there are man
hunters determine'd to get the mur
derers of Til Taylor. They cannot
stay free for long.
"Ten acres of Rogue River valley
pears, at the average yield and the
average price for the past four years.
net $o00 a year more than 100 acres of
Kansas wheat, ot average yieia ana
average price for the past four years."
asserts Sumpter S. Smith of Medford.
who is at the Benson with Mrs.
Smith. "We've been collecting some
statistics for comparison and we're
ready to demonstrate that Rogue
River vaiiey is a land of sunshine and
prosperity. The pear crop this year
will be Immense. Heretofore we've
never made enough boxes for our
fruit crop, but now there are two box
factories in the field and there is as
surance of a bountiful supply." Mr.
Smith is a member of the republican
state executive committee and in that
capacity he was in Portland yesterday
attending an organization of the com
mittee. If any fish are left in the Rogue
river it will not be the fault of
Charles Reanes. This afternoon Mr.
Reames will forget that he is an as
sistant United States attorney; will
load his 111" ol' bus with camp outfit,
put In a five-gallon can of gasoline
in the tonneau ana start ior soumern
Oregon. Some time tonight he will
get about as far as Cottage Grove and
will go into camp, and tomorrow ne
expects to be on the Rogue. Yester
day Clarence L. Reames, Charley's
brother, arrived in Portland from Se
attle on business bent. Clarence L
who wae formerly United States at
torney for Oregon, being a democrat,
refuses to admit that Harding and
Coolidge will wipe up the country
with Cox and Roosevelt.
This." said a traveler, exhibiting
small round disk with a triangular
hole in the center, is one of the
tokens .used for street car fares in
Seattle. They have just gone into
circulation." In Seattle it costs you 10
cents to ride on a street car if you are
alone, but if you have a companion
the two of you can ride lor la cents;
if you use these tokens you can get
four rides for 25 cents. It sounds
somewhat complicated, and it Is. The
system went into operation while 1
was in Seattle a few days ago and the
people were confused and so were the
conductors. The token, in a way, re
sembles the Chinese cash ana tne
hole in the center enables a person to
string them after the manner of the
Most of the "hotels in Portland dur
insr this past week have had a num
ber of patrons from Phoenix, Arizona.
The Invasion began about 10 days
ago and has been steadily increasing.
until scarcely a day passes witnout
three or four from Phoenix arriving
at each of the principal down town
hotels. The situation is somewhat un
usual, but there is an explanation.
The temperature reports issued by
the weather bureau enow that the
thermometer at Phoenix is fluttering
around 108 degrees. That's hot enough
to force anyone to seek a more con
genial summer climate.
Robert N. Stanfield, republican
nominee for United States senator, re
turned to Portland yesterday after a
business trip in eastern Oregon. Mr.
Stanfield is chased arourfd the coun
try hv loner-distance calls more than
any other man in Oregon. He never
lands In a town but several long
distance calls are awaiting him. Next
to Mr. Stanfield. probably tho greatest
long-distance talker in the state is
Max Houser, who talks to New York
twice a day, and in between times he
talks on the phone to his agents in
all parts of the northwest.
"Do you know why people write
their names so poorly on hotel regis
ters'.'" inquired H. B. Thorsnes, clerk
at the Hotel- Oregon, as he scanned
several lines of miserable penman
ship. "Ordinarily a person writes his
name distinctly, but on a hotel regis
ter the signature is usually of poorer
quality. Here is the reason: The pat
ron has been carrying a grip or suit
case and when he comes to the desk
to register his fingers are crampea.
"This week we have roomed a num
ber of parties of transcontinental
tourists," says Clerk King at the
Imperial. "Mostly these tourists are
from New York and they are handled
by agencies. In talking to the
visitors they have, informed me that
Portland people Bave been more
courteous and obliging than the resi
dents of any other city they have
visited since leaving home. The re
suit, of course, is that they are boost
Republican Success Belter Attaured If
Tula Be Not Neglected.
NEWPORT, Or.. July 2S. (To the
Editor.) The republican women of
Lincoln county are very much inter
ested in a statewide organization. So
far as we know there is no working
league of republican women by coun
ties and it was very gratifying to read
that State Chairman Tongue was tak
ing up this matter. We must admit
that the republican women of Oregon
are not as well organized as the
women of California or even the dem
ocratic women of Oregon. We read
great deal about the activities of
the democratic women leaders in this
They had candidates for
More Truth Than Poetry.
By Jamea J. Montague.
prominent orttces In the primaries
and have been represented in the leg
I know personally that a great ma
jority of the women of Lincoln county
are republicans and are going to cast
their ballots for Harding and Cool
idge If they are registered and are
got out to the polls. The same is
true of other coast counties. -It will
only be neglecting to do proper or
ganization work that any of these
counties go democratic.
I think there should be a state con
ference of republican women from
every county at an early day and a
detailed state organization perfected.
It is a matter of general observation
that women voters are not Intense
partisans because they have not been
trained in party affiliation. Those
who have worked on election boards
can testify that many women are
rtially non-partisans and scratch their
tickets awfully. How many of us to
day are not even registered? How
many are prepared to vote intelli
gently on Important Issues between
the dominant parties? I dare say not
very many, and a great many men fonr
that matter would be puzzled to name
tne issues upon which the parties
really divide, such as:
Ratification of a peace treaty that
is soundly American.
How to stop spending billions as it
has been carried on by the democratic
A just industrial system where wo
men wage earners are fully protected
in their rights to living wages and
iair worKing conditions
We must have local organizations
for our women that recognize compe
tent workers in each county. We
must have literature that will interest
women in their political capacity and
in discussion of all matters in which
women are interested and which they
can unaerstand. There has been too
much assumed that because women
have the ballot they all know just
now to vote. They have been flat
tered with the idea that they can vote
more intelligently, more patriotically
and along higher lines of mornj
tnougnt, out tills remains to be
proved. The ballot is after all the re
sult of training and actually, dealing
witn puonc matters. We are loarn
lng to vote bv doinsr It. and too manv
of us are indifferent and neglect to
go to the polls on election day. How
can we remedy this? How can we get
out a tun republican women vote?
These are matters that can be prop
erly taken up and threshed out only
in state and county conferences of
women. Let us not go into the cam
paign unprepared and unorganized if
we hope to carry Oregon for the re
publican standard bearers and for re
publican principles. Let no false
democratic slogan like "He kept ua
out of war" again be used to deceive
our trusting women.
MRS L. E. WILSON.
OAE-S IDEAS ARE SUBJECT
I used to think Id like to wed
The daughter of a millionaire.
And look upon th wine when red
And dine on quail and caviar.
For wl.en the old man quits, thought L
An eager light upon my face.
Or drops the cares of business, why
His son-in-law will take his place.
When but a child I used to love
To think that in my twentieth year,
I might espouse the daughter of
A locomotive engineer.
Perched high within a cab to sit.
I Knew would be a lot of fun.
And it the old man ever 'quit
They'd send for me to take his run.
But now I do not trouble much
The daughters of the rich or creat.
With candy, auto rides and mirh
Or beg said Janes to share rr.v fai
I'd like to be a m i 1 1 Inn ra i m
I'd like to be an encrineor-
But when I stroll the thoron irh rum
Their daughters need to have no
- - w L 1., W t
That when a doHnsr narnt -
A chance to do so. he would force
T.he job UDOn his ,nn.in.t..
In the convention hall I sat
Ml on a sad and heaw
And casually I noticed that '
it hardly ever works that way.
Directors etairinsr mvi.
will do well to study the example of
Mr. Grover Cleveland t?-,i.,ii
It's An III Wind.
Anyway, the conventions got rid
of 300 or 400 absolutely superfluous
And the denfocrats kept us out of
Copyright 1820 by the Bell Syndicate. Inc.
In Other Days.
INDIANS AS CITIZENS.
- Indian Commissioner Sells confirms
In a letter written to a critic of the
administration of Indian affairs the
statement made some months ago by
Dr. Lawrence W. White, one of the
scientists of the bureau, that the In
dians are no longer a dying race.
Despite popular belief that the civi
lization forced on him by the white
man would mean his ultimate ex
tinction. Dr. White now contends
that Indians are not much less nu
merous now than when Columbus
discovered America. It is necessary
first, as Dr. White says, to disabuse
the public mind of .the tradition
handed down by early colonists that
the American forests of their day
swarmed with the dusky figures of
the red men. Later scientists know
; better than that. It is conceded that
the Indian of the sixteenth century
to all intents and purposes neglected
agriculture completely. It is highly
improbable, having regard for his
wasteful reliance on hunting for his
food supply, that the continent could
have supported more than a few
hundred thousand of the race.
The first reliable census of Ameri
can Indians was made in 1870, when
it was shown that they numbered
313,712. The annual reports of vari
ous Indian superintendents in 1917
took account of 335,993, and prob
ably did not include considerable
Fattig, the draft evader, who sur
rendered after three lonesome years
in the mountains, will find his next
nine months In Jail lively enough to
The country to the south of us Is
bearing false witness against Oregon
in the gasoline matter, but It cannot
disguise its earthquakes.
Days at the beach may be more
pleasant than days in town, but
you've got to show the man who
cannot get away.
COMPACT WITH JAPAN OPPOSED
Chlneae Already Suspect Vm of Inca
pacity la Korelsvn Affaira.
PORTLAND, July 29. (To the Edi
tor.) I noted with much interest the
remarks last Monday evening regard
ing China. One of the speakers ad
vised that we combine with Japan
In the development . of China. It is
surprising that a man who has trav
eled through China, Korea (Chosen)
and Siberia and eeen the results of
Japanese blunderlngs could still sug
gest such a combination. Let him in
vestigate what Japan has done in
Siberia since the coup d'etat of April
4 and 5, or what she has done in
Shantung since she took control. Did
the speaker travel through China
without finding the results of Jap
anese money Judiciously distributed
among the officials at Pekin?
Let us stand on our own feet. Our;
prior behavior has left with many
Chinese, especially those who have
not been in the United States, the
impression that we are not. in our
foreign dealings, a very practical
people, that we lack alertness, quick
ness of decision in emergencies,
promptness of action and especially
persistence, and all this even when
our own interests are at stake.
Even gratitude for our refusal to
enter into the game or grabbing
China is colored by a suspicion that
perhaps we lacked the energy and
skill to engage successfully in the
The war has now conclusively dem
onstrated that the United States can
act promptly, efficiently and on a
large scale in its foreign affairs. We
have never, beyond the Monroe doc
trine, gone in for a continuous for
eign policy, as have other great pow
ers. Let us now adopt one towards
China. Baron Shibusawa suggested a
Japanese-American co-operation, the
United States to furnish the money
and Japan the brains, but let us stand
on our own feet In the development
of China. H. P. FERGUSON.
Tillamook is not doing much
"blowing" about her attractions, yet
Is finding tourist travel a big asset.
The census gives Lane county 617
less than ten years ago. The stork
must have been a slacker.
Americans, may be the smartest
people in the world, but Ponzl can
teach them finance.
Leroy's next woman will give him
away on the trunk murder before she
Villa retires with i catch - as -catch-can
bandit championship of the
If Bergdoll is in these parts he
"Victoria Cross Women" Next.
Kansas City Star.
A royal warrant consolidating and
xtendir.g previous royal warrants
regarding the Victoria cross was pub
lished recently !n the London Gazette.
The principal feature is that women
are now made eligible for decoration.
It being ordained that matrons, sis
ters, nuraes and the staff of the nurs
ing services and other services per
taining to hospitals and nursing, and
cliiviaiis of either sex serving regu
larly or temporarily under the or
ders. direction or supervision of any
of the armed forces of the crown-
shall be eligible for the ctobs.
The Political Pointera.
The platform is silent on the liquor
question, but the candidate is a man
concerning whom it will be whis
pered, in quarters where it will do
good, that he is "wet," and stands
for the loosening up of the 18th amend.
would better not let Joe Day glimpse merit. Bryan will point to the plat-
I rorm; Tammany 10 me cano.io.aie
Portland newspapers are throwing
unnecessary fits over the Terwilliger
boulevard which carries most of the
traffic from Washington county. It is
true a grave engineering mistake was
made in banking its curves, but this
does not mean that it should be con
demned and rebuilt, for thousands of
cars which pass over it both in wet
and dry weather prove that it is not
unduly dangerous when reasonable
care is ex.ercieed. If we are to make
our highways foolproof we will face
a big Job, and common sense appears
to dictate that we eliminate the fool,
as the great majority of the accidents
which have occurred on the boulevard
can be traced directly to recklessness.
Speaking of prunes, the winter
strawberry of the boardinghouse cir
cuit. C. W. Vale or Carlton, who is at
the Hotel Oregon, says that he sold
to A. H. Laughlin. a prune orchard
fur s.-,n.000. The orchard consists of
100 acres 22 miles south of Corvallis
and the croD alone is estimated at
$3r,000. which means that the land
brought J15.000, or $150 an acre.
From a clerk in the office of . the
O. R. & N. Co. in Portland to vice
president of a railroad is the record
of II. M. Adams wno came to tne
Benson vesterday. Mr. Adams is vice
president of the United Pacific sys
tem, in charge of traffic and was
formerly vice-president of the Mis
souri Pacific. His headquarters are
at Omaha. With him are Mrs. Adams-.
B. C. Crooks and A. J. Seitz.
Representative McKarland. who
fathered the game code in the 1919
session of the legislature. Is angry.
The doctor is a most ardent angler,
none more so In the state, and
he had the equipment of an enthusi
ast. "Had" is right. Dr. McFarland
parked his car for a few minutes
and when he returned $150 worth of
fishing tackle had disappeared.
Harry Owens, hotel greeter of Pen
dleton. wa at the Multnomah yestei-
day shaking hands with .his fellow
greeters. He reports that the ex
citement over the slaying of Sheriff
Til Taylor has not abated and that
the search for the murderers win
continue u-ntil the outlaws have been
G. H. Raleigh, the new manager
of the Bank of California, at Taco
ma, registered at the Multnomah yes
terday, with S. Conrow. Mr. Raleigh
has been making a tour of investiga
tion and has been inspecting some
large land holdings in which the
bank is interested near Stanfield, Or.
When the heat registered 104 at
Yakima. A. E. Schultz decided that
it was time to register in Portland.,
so he did so at the Perkins. The I
demand for ice cream and cold drinks i
has increased in Yakima about 100 i
per cent with the coming of the
W. Clayton and daughter of San
Francisco are at the Hotel Portland.
Mr. Clayton Is on the stafr which
looks after the Spreckles Interests, at
E. H. Dewey, formerly owner ot
the Dewey hotel at Boise. Is regis
tered at the Hotel Portland. Mr.
Dewey is now retired from business
and taking things as they come. .
F. L. Stewart, who Is a banker in
the town of Kelso, Wash., Is an ar
rival at the Hotel Oregon. He is ac
companied by Mrs. Stewart-
S. Z. Culver, an auditor of the
state treasurers department, is in
town on business and is registered
at the Hotel Oregon.
J. H. Myers, clerk at the Benson, I
informed the world yesterday that a
9-pound son arrived at the home Fri
Termination of Tenancy.
PORTLAND, July 30. (To the Edi
tor.) Please Inform me how much
time is required to get possession of
a house, said house having been sold?
If the property is occupied by a
tenant who rents from month to
month, possession can be obtained
by the owner at the end of any rental
month by giving notice not less than
20 days prior to the expiration of
Tt enty-fivej Veara Ajto.
From The Oregonian of July SI. 1S!S.
Milwaukee. It is reported that Ed
ward C. Wall, ex-chairman of the
democratic central committee In Wis
consin, has been appointed minister!
to Japan to succeed Dun.
The Southern Tacific company has
arranged new traffic rates effecting
sweeping reductions on its lines be
tween Portland and San Francisco.
A train carrying 2S cars loaded
with tea. which came in from China
on the steamer Asloun, started east
ward on Tuesday.
The work of demolishing the old
Williams - avenue school building.
now to De replaced with a new struc
ture, was begun yesterday.
MOIXTAIX NAME SO TEARS AGO
Flrmt Ascent Ilalng Been Mentioned
Tacoman Offers Few Remarks.
TACOM.V, Wash.. July 29. (To the
Editor.) In an editorial of Sunday.
July 25, The Oregonian states that
Rainier was first scaled by Stevens
and Van Tromp in August, 1S70,
nearly 50 years ago. It would be
but fair to state that both these men
were advocates of the aboriginal
name. Stevens pronounced it Tack
homa and Van Tromp Takoma.
Neither of them, to the best of my
knowledge and belief, was ever a
resident of Tacoma.
Van Tromp was a university grad
uate and one of nature's noblemen.
He often talked to the writer of the
trip and how their Indian guide.
Slueskin. warned them of the terrors
of the great Takoma. where anger
was manifested in the snow slides
that shook the earth. In the water
falls he imagined that he heard the
murmuring voice of spirits. Slueskin
would go no further than Paradise
valley, and when Stevens and Van
Tromp returned from the summit the
old Indian could not believe that he
beheld them in the flesh, but thought
that their disembodied spirits stood
before him. When convinced that
they were really still incarnate. Slue
skin's joy knew no bounds.
Slueskin knew the mountain by no
other name than Takoma. General
Spot, who belonged to the Puyallups,
always called it Taco-hut.
JA.TIES A. SPROULE.
Queation In Grammar.
PORTLAND, July 30. (To the Edi
tor.) Which Is correct, "I want you
and I to be friends" or "I want you
and me to be frienue ?
The eecond sentence i3 the correct
An Dld-Tlmer I to Date.
1 HO tUlllCIUIUll
lection it could have made, with the
possible exception of that of John
W. Davis. Governor Cox is an old
time democrat In principle and an up-to-date
democrat In action. On the
issues which are to dominate the
campaign Mr. Cox well represents
the party as it has declared itself
in Us platform.
Pity the Poor Mosquito His Festive
Haunt Is Due to Disappear
Out in the sloughs where that pestiferous skeeter raised his fam
ily and sent the little fellows forth in armies, equipped with a million
barbed needles, there are soon to rise onion patches and every kind
of truck garden 12,000 acres of them. De Witt Harry, in The
Sunday Oregonian tomorrow, tells about the vast projects that will
create a veritable Netherlands on the delta of the Willamette. He
tells just how much potential wealth this will add to Portland and
just why it is to be the finest garden spot in the valley. His story
is the story of a dream that has come true.
Twenty-seven Hours on Ocean's Floor The story of a deep-sea
diver who lived through an eternity of horrors when trapped by a
falling hatch within the hold of a sunken monitor is one to be remembered-
Few men have had the harrowing experience of facing
sea monsters they could not themselves discerti of facing swordfish,
hunger and fatigue many leagues under the ocean.
Another New Industry One of the common materials about the
house or store is diatomite and yet few had heard of it. Lucile F.
Saunders tells just what this product is and how one of the biggest
deposits of it in Oregon was discovered through the activities of a
few herds of hungry cattle. It is now in the class of products, that
the United States no longer has to depend upon Germany to supply.
' Other Side of the Columbia No, Oregon can't claim quite all the
honors when it comes to mapping out a really enjoyable auto road
down the Columbia gorge. Washington has one on the north bank
that is comparatively .little known and little traveled, but in The
Sunday Oregonian L. H. Gregory describes just what the motorist is
missing who fails to acquaint himself with the beauties of the route.
His trusty camera has secured some brand new views of the land
mark of the north bank highway, Beacon rock.
What the World Thinks It doesn't like nakedness and it's put
ting up a protest. Frank Dallam describes the newest insurrection,
the insurrection against the under-dressed woman. "Go home and
put on more clothes," he says, is the emphatic order of church and
state to the untra-fashionable set.
Mary in Style Elopements are quite the thing, says Nina Mar
bourg in her article describing many of the recent love affairs that
have had such a termination. How the Gould children have added
to the popularity of the runaway match and set a pace in high society
is told in this account.
Port of Missing Girls The District of Columbia has a metropol
itan police department that gives missing girls special attention. It
has demonstrated the need for similar branches in every city. These
are just a few of the special articles that combine with all the news .
of all the world to make Sunday's paper worth just "twice the price."