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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
TTir: MOIWfTXG OTtEGONTAN, FRIDAY, JULY 30, 1920
KSTABUSHKO BY II EN R V I- FITTOCK.
Published by The Oregonlun Publishing t-o..
loi Sixth Street. Portland. Oregon.
C. A. 1ICKIK.N. a- tr.. -
The Oregonian ! a member of the Aao
elated Preoo. The Associated "
.vt...i..iu lor puunw
tion of all newa dispatches credited to it
vr not otherwise credited in this paper ana
also the local news published herein. ah
r;ghts of republication of special dispatcnes
herein are also reserved.
r-ubkcription Kate Invariably In Adin.
rallv. Sundav Included, one year
l'aily. Sunday Included, six months . .
1 aily. Sunday included, three months
l'aily, Sunday Included, one month ...
iJally, without Sunday, on year ....
lai:y. without Sunday, six months . . .
l'aily, without Sunday, one month
eekly. one year ......
Sunday, one year .......
Ually. Sundsy Included, one year !??
,aily. Sundsy Included, three months.
ai!y, Sunday incluued, one month
L'aii.v, without Sunday. one year
l'aily. witiiout Sunday, three months.
Dully, without Sunday, one mouth . .
How to Krntlt. Send postotfice money
order, express or personal check on your
local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are
at owner's risk. Give postoffice address
In full. Including; county and state.
roktnge Katea. 1 to 1 pages, 1 cent:
JS to paves, li cents; 84 to 48 pages, 3
cents; 3d tu 4 pages, 4 cents; 66 to SO
riK, 5 cents; to 08 pages, cents.
: Foreign postage, double rates.
Eastern Buidtiea Office. Verree A Conk
lin. Bnrnswiok bulldin.T. New York; Verree
Conklln. Steger building. Chicago; Ver
ree Sc Conklln. Frea Press building. De
troit. Mich. San Francisco representative.
It. J. Bidwell.
must be cut down chiefly by ship
pers, in whose hands cars spend a
third of their lives, and by delay in
blockaded terminals. But when the
railroads cannot move the cars they
have any faster, how can they friend
matters by buying more cars?
THE TRUTH ABOIT MII.K.
What -milk consumers want to
know, and about all they care to
know in connection with the milk
Controversy in Portland, is the truth
' ibout the cost of producing milk and
tlistributing it. There is little or no
public interest in personalities and
ti:ia .jt all in nnv issui not eprmane
to the Question as stated! As to whatf
constitutes a fair profit, once actual
rost has been determined, people will
readily enough make up their minds
for themselves. There is suspicion
that somebody is being gouged some
where, but it is only fair to say that
this is only a suspicion, though it
.may have been fostered by the cir
cumstance that the more that is said
on the subject the less light seems to
be shed on the . essential facts.
?harges and counter charges by
dairymen and dealers ate apt to
leave the plain citizen with the im
pression that there must be truth in
V- hut each side says about the other.
Now there is talk about another
"inquiry," or official investigation of
some kind. Obviously this will be as
much of a farce as others have been
V-fore it, and as official inquiries
asually are, unless it is impartial and
rxpert and thorough. Remedies can
be applied after the diagnosis has
been made but it is essential to ob
tain all the facts. The quasi-public
nature of the milk industry is the
warrant of the people for demanding
candor from those engaged in it.
A suggestion has been made by
the head of the dairymen's organiza
tion that a commission be ap
pointed, to consist of the dairy and
food commissioner of Oregon, the
head of the bureau of markets of
Oregon Agricultural college and "a
representative of the public." Kvery
member of the commission ought to
be a representative of the public, but
we may let that pass. The inves
tigators chosen ought to have tech
' "nical knowledge of the industry in
.. all of its ramifications and be compe
tent to assemble facts and to appraise
them. The agricultural college, as a
servant of all the people, seems . a
natural place to which to go for. im
partial guidance, and there are
others, it will be conceded, even
among milk consumers themselves.
. sufficiently un-biased and strongly
OX GETTING A LEAGUE OF NATION'S.
The Oregonian has from a both
ered reader an inquiry on the league
of nations that it will answer as it
has heretofore answered others of
the same tenor. It is:
As The Oregonian does, not agree with
Hiram Johnson's views on the league ot
nations, I am naturally led to believe that
it also opposes Senator Harding on the
Issue, as Mr. Hardtig Is in perfect har
mony with Hiram on the league plan.. ' I
think Mr. Harding Is worse than Johnson
on this matter, as he does not seem to
want any league, unless it Is Hardlng
madc. Does Mr. Harding think that the
American people wish a league of nations
aiciaiea ny njmxeir and the United States
senate? I hardlv think they do. Sorely
The Oregonian isn't going to let politics
change Its view on the league ot nations.
Mr. Harding has at no time de
clared himself to be with Senator
Johnson on the league of nations,
though the California senator has
gone on record as being satisfied
with the Harding view. Mr. Johnson
has opposed .the proposed league wjth
or without reservations, and has
made it apparent that he is fdr no
league at all. Mr. Harding voted for
the league with reservations, and has
not traversed his own record, though
he emphasizes in his letter of accept
ance, the proposal for an association
of nations. Evidently Mr. Harding
is looking forward to the time when
le must determine whether it is wise
or practicable to seek ratification of
the league with reservations, or to
enter into negotiations for a new
The Oregonian has been and it has
often said 'that it is for "a" league of
nations, and it has indicated its will- I
ingness to accept "the" league with
or without reservations. It has long
been obvious that the league could
never be ratified without reserva
tions, and it is questionable now
whether it can be ratified with reservations.
The Oregonian would have desired
the republican party to make clearer
its attitude toward the league. It
will after the election be found urg
ing ratification of the league if there
is a prospect of success; if not, it will
insist that the republican party keep
its platform pledges and undertake
to- formulate a new covenant. It
does not think the outlook for the
league will be made brighter by a
democratic victory, since the party is
committed to the . league "without
nullifying reservations" that is to
say. reservations which alter in any
respect the promises or commitments
cf the covenant and since the dem
ocratic candidate for president, Mr.
Cox, has underwritten the uncompro
mising' Wilson attitude.
Let it be said further that' Mr.
Harding as president will have the
right to think though our corre
spondent denies it that the Ameri
can people want a league dictated
by himself and the United States
senate. It is quite clear now that
they win not-have a league dictated
by President Wilson without the
United States senate.
For itself. The Oregonian is for a
league of nations without reference
either to the republican or the demo
there will be room for' more train?
and these men may be hired again.
Back of the slackening of indus
try, which has been observed at
many points, "is the unsound financ
ing of the war political interference
with the banking business. It has
leaded the banks with liberty bonds
which have depreciated because
they were sold below the market
rate of interest. These bonds have
caused the issue of a vast volume of
currency, to reduce which efforts are
now made with business expanded
on an inflated basis. Hence the wool
dealer cannot buy from the Oregon
sheepmen and they can trace their
troubles back to W. G. McAdoo's de
sire to make a record in financing
the. war, that he might advance his
ambition to be president.
y railroad over natural routes from
the interior. It is manifestly absurd
that a few of these doors should be
jammed with traffic while the great
umber are used little or not at all.
This condition has not come about
through natural causes; it is the re
sult of powerful, selfish influences.
nd it should end.
The ports which have not enjoyed
a part in the monopoly ask no spe
cial favors; they ask only a fair field.
The big ports are welcome to all the
business that they can hold in open
whole nation forbid that one port1 . . , . T- '
be choked with traffic, while the
A CHAIN OF CAUSES AND EFFECTS.
Closing of fifty-one out of fifty
four mills of the American Woolen
Mills company, discharge of 12,000
men by the Pennsylvania railroad
company 'and stagnation of the wool
market cause many people to ask
What is the matter with business?"1
imbued with the gravity of the ques- Several things are the matter, some
being the inevitable result of the
war, others being the penalty of vio
lation of sound economic principles
during the war. Readjustment to
peace conditions is under way, and
in the process we pay the penalty for
our attempts to defeat economic law.
Try as we will, that law always "gets
us" in the end.
As regards wool, during the war
tlie government bought up the supply
and forced the woolen mills to make
cloth for it at $4 a yard and to raise
wages. The British government fol
lowed the same course and also
bought the Australian wool clip of
three years, but allowed it to pile up
in Australia for lack of ships to
transport it. The United States gov
ernment now sells its cloth at less
than half the war price and the Brit
ish government is selling its wool,
much of which comes from Australia
to compete with the American clip.
The natural disposition of wool buy
ers is to hold off from a falling
At the same time the consumer
has struck against high prices for
clothing, which result from war
prices for wool and cloth, from ex
cess profit taxes added to the price
each time that goods change hands,
from increased freight rates and
from high wages made necessary by
high prices. This consumers strike
ha- caused clothing merchants to
cancel orders and cancellation has
extended all along the line to the
manufacturer. This has increased
the wool dealer's indisposition to buy.
Basic market conditions justify a
higher price than now prevails and.
if the dealer could borrow money to
carry wool for a rise, he might buy.
but banks have restricted credit for
such transactions by order of the
federal reserve board. The woolen
manufacturer finds the demand for
his product falling off and the price
of his raw material weak just after
he has raised wages 1)5 per cent, so
he shuts down till affairs settle down
lest he buy wool too dear and pro
duce clothes at. too high cost.
There is an immense potential de
mand Tor wool which would quickly
absorb the entire surplus, but the
financial condition produced by the
war prevents it from becoming ef
fective. Germany, the states formed
out of Austria-Hungary and Poland,
nave uetu uiue new wool lor SIX
years, but their money is depre
dated and they are so poor that they
How great a part slow movement I cannot buy for cash, and they cannot
plays in shortage of cars appears 'get credit. Lack of credit blockades
tion to put aside every other consid
eration than the main one which is
the price that milk users ought rea
sonably to be expected to pay, in
"'2 vicw of tlle importance of maintain
ing the dairying industry on a sound
..and permanent footing.
, The task has never been under-
. taken, we believe, with any degree
of thoroughness in Oregon. We are
; not quite satisfied with figures pur-
-- porting to snow costs in other regions, i
! where conditions are greatly differ-
cnt. Why not have a 'working basis
; of our own to go on? To the sug
i " sestion that figures do not always
tell the truth, it may be offered that
i not only the figures but the processes
by which they are arrived at should
I be made public, that the people
; themselves may judge. It will be the
business of experts to explain and to
translate, but consumers are not
lacking in capacity also to form
" judgments, nor are.they inclined to
be unfair. The trouble in the past
; .'Jias been that there have been no
; adequate data of any sort to work
with. Accusations inspired, it may
be, by self interest cannot take the
place of facts.
i If the thing is worth doing at all it
j '.is worth doing well. Notwithstand
j ing a certain justifiable prejudice
Hguinst public inquisitorial commis
sions in general, it does not appear to
be impossible that such a body
I" should be so constituted as to per-
, ' sounel and so empowered with au
1 1 ithorlty as to be able to arrive at
r something very like the truth. It
should be understood beforehand
that it is not primarily designed as
Z war on present price schedules. It
, may even be shown that dairymen
J Xarc killing their calves, as some of
; . them say they are, because there is
- -co profit in the business for them,
I V'"'and that the industry is threatened
- . with extinction, which is too serious
. an eventuality to be thought of. It
J ." '".may be that distributors are getting
J ,. tco big a slice of the consumer's dol-
lar. It may be that both are gouging
Ub and that we are entitled to a re
duction. But these are questions of
fact, and not of guesswork, and they
ought to he determined judicially
and not emotionally.
If there is to be an investigation
it should be a genuine one. Other-
wise it would be better that the sub
ject be left in the muddle that now
... distinguishes it.
OCR DAILY OAS DRIBBLE.
Prospect that the gasoline short
age will be prolonged throughout
August and perhaps until fall gives
rise, we think, to a general public
desire that a more equitable and con
venient system of rationing than the
one now in use be devised.
The several gasoline distributors
mu-:l know almost with exactness the
requirements for commercial and in
dustrial uses and the amount of sur
plus, that will be available for pleas
ure cars. They can without much
difficulty ascertain the number of
pleasure cars and how much gasoline
can safely be allotted to each of the
latter by the week. A card system
providing for weekly allotments of
gasoline would not only dispense
with a vast amount of inconvenience
to the consumers but ought to con
Hundreds of motorists now waste
gasoline daily going from filling sta
tion to filling station hunting a sup
ply, or else they waste time waiting
in line. Others have bought rubbef
hose and storage cans, make several
trips back and forth between home
and filling station, and in the seclu
sion of the home garage syphon out
the two gallons or so obtained on
each trip. Gasoline is consumed in
carting these meager supplies, gaso
line is wasted in the syphoning proc
ess, and the other motorists who
are practicing real economy are
thereby subjected to greater con
gestion .t the filling station or are
deprived wholly of the allotments
they should receive.
If the owner of a pleasure car is to
be permitted to use it at all, he ought
to be permitted to use it in the way
that suits him best. To some owners
the week-end trip into the country is
more important than daily use of the
car; to others daily use of the car in
going to and from business, or in
shopping, or calling, or in making
frequent short trips is more import
ant than a week-end journey.
Certainty of an occasional full
tank will enable the motorist to ob
tain the service from his car that
pleases him most, limited though
that service may be.
In the present situation he wh
would motor to the fishing stream
tne mountain resort, the beach, th
scenic highway or any other point
within a day's journey is virtually ex
cluded from that enjoyment, unless
he is one of those who have set out
to beat the rationing system. Those
who use the automobile only as a
town car, while still getting full use
of it, are forced to waste time and
patience getting their daily dribble
Just now there is mighty little
voluntary economy of gasoline. There
is a quiet game going on among
pleasure car owners to see who can
gel the most. The oil companies, 60
long as there is an actual shortage,
would be fully justified in devising
a definite rationing system so much
gasoline to a particular car within a
certain period and no more. Co
operation by the city or other public
authority in devising an equitable
system would not be improper and
it would give an acceptable color of
authority to the plan.
UT-PRODCCT! OF THE TIMES
Car Hire Their Day aa In the Time
In the 'old nursery story of "Puss-In-Boots"
a clever cat made his mas
ter's fortune and turned him from a
poor miller into a rich man who mar
ried the king's daughter, says Lon
Today it almost seems as if puss,
whether clever or not, is again in a
position to make her owner a wealthy
person, for nowadays, when all furs
facilities of another are only half
THE Bl'RLESON GAG.- '
Indignation is expressed in the
democratic platform at attacks on
the alleged efficiency of the post of
fice department and at the sugges
tion that the administration has In-
erfered with freedom of speech and
of the press. About the time when
the platform was written, Postmaster-General
Burleson issued an order
to postal employes, which reads:
The attention of the department has
been called to many circulars and letters
ssued fay persons connected with the postal
service which contain erroneous state
ments and are not based on. facts. The
postal servlc-e is conducted in the Interest
of the public, and the public is entitled to
correct information at all times regarding
this branch of the government service: and
the department will gladly and willingly
furnish such information. Employes of
the postal service, in making any state
ments about the postal establishment or
its service, who make false or slanderous
statements, will be summarily dismissed
from the service. Postmasters and officers
of the service will be held responsible for
the enforcement of these instruotioas.
Of course Mr. Burleson and his
lieutenants will be the judges whether
statements are "erroneous and not
based on facts" and any statements
which reflect pn Mr. Burleson or his
policy will be held "false and slan
derous." We may bo sure that none
of the "correct information" which
the department will gladly and will
ingly furnish" will contain anything
but praise of Mr. Burleson and his
methods. If all employes of the
postal service are to be gagged on
pain of dismissal, the public will gain
precious little information as to how
the service is run.
Such is bureaucratic oligarchy in
practical operation. With this ex
ample before them railroad employes
who are enamored of the Plumb plan
are, according to the Railway Age,
"engaged In attacking, through the
press and orally to persons they meet,
the management of the railways un
der private control" and "charging
that the officers did everything they
could under government control to
discredit it." Does it ever occur to
the Plumb planners that under gov
ernment operation, any statements
they made reflecting on the manage-mr-nt
would be branded as "false and
slanderous" and that the makers
would be "summarily dismissed"?
They would noi have the freedom of
speech and writing that they now
enjoy; they would be subject to the
Those Who Come and Go.
FOLLY OK TOO MANY PAROLKS
of our household pet is worth quite
Black skins are the most valuable.
Those of ordinary house cat3 fetch
from 6s to 13s ($1.50 to $3.25 normal
ly) each, and the demand for them can
be estimated from the fact that one
catalogue alone, of all those issued
by different furriers for the recent
big London fur sales, offered 20,000
house cat skins
The fur of our domestic pet is, in
fact, extensively used for coat lin
Her fur' is not her only asset. The
rat plague is one of the topics of the
moment; its extension is causing
wide-spread consternation; and In thia
connection the household cat is al
most worth her weight in gold
The damage done by rat3 is almost
It is calculated that their ravages
cost Great Britain something more
than $250,000,000 a year. Rats are ex
ceedingly rapid breeders, and multi
ply at an almost incredible rate, and
they can gnaw their way through
brick walls and everything short of
concrete. One rat will consume 60
pounds of grain in a year.
In a period of a fortnight rats
carried away 71 dozen eggs from a
certain merchant's premises think
what eggs cost at the present time!
Kvery cargo ship that sails bears its
complement of scores of rats which
carry 'disease to all parts of the
world. They are a great menace.
" Here again we see the value of
pussy as a rat killer. Instead of
drowning kittens we ought to be rear
ine every one of them to help us
fight against the great rat plague.
It will surprise many who never
gave the matter a thought to learn
that the Southern Pacific electric
line is not equipped with a block sig
nal system, and the public service
commission has found it necessary
to order that equipment.
The latest of Los Angeles" daily
earthquakes has opened up a couple
of oil wells right in town. Well, it
will take something like an oil stam
pede to replace population that has
beat it out of the city because of the
A Royal Anne tree near Forest
Grove produced more than $80 worth
thi'3 season. With fifty trees to the
acre on eighty acres ah ha! It beats
raising chickens with pencil and
paper. Ta. ta. Mr. Rockefeller!
BREAKING THE TORT MONOPOLY.
New York is becoming seriously
alarmed for its ' monopoly of ship
ping business, which is admitted by
the Evening Post to have reached the
point where "our combined exports
and imports have usually exceeded
those of any eight other ports by a
wide margin." It quotes Chairman
Benson of the shipping board as say-
jng that the " 'monopoly of shipping
heretofore held by a few ,ports' has
incurred the hostility of the govern
ment, which intends trying to end it."
The Post then says:
la our port between the devil and the
sea between striking longshoremen and
congested terminals on the one hand and
an implacable shipping board on the
The Post ends with this frank
But New Yorkers need not Jump to the
conclusion that our gallant fight for the
port's position la a fight for a national
evil. It Is only In the degree that the
"monopoly" ia unnatural and uneconomical
that it is objectionable, in so far as we
fairly earn our easy primacy, we should
retain, it ; in so far a It is ours by mere
custom, it can be assailed. It behooves New
York to realize that her rivals are doing
their best tc make much of her shipping
No wonder Lloyd George has been
ordered to take a rest. Welshmen
are tough, but the little prime minis
ter has been holding down a job that
would have put many into the hos
pital or wheel-chair long ago.
That the remote ancestors of the
American Indians may have lived in
Spain in prehistoric days is indicated
by some very remarkable discoveries
of rock paintings that archaeologists
have made at El Bosque, in the hilly
country north of Alpera. a Spanish
town about half way between Alba
sete, situated in the plains of La
Mancha. and Alicante, on the Medi
terraneai. Anthropologists also say
that these discoveries throw a fresh
light upon the life of prehistoric man
in southwestern Europe during the
Magdalenian period of the great ice
These Palaeolithic tribes, when not
compelled by the rigor of the climate
to find their dwelling in caverns
where they obtained protection
against both the intense cold and the
attacks of ferocious animals, lived
under rock shelters on . the sides ot
The New York city florist revels
in the part he takes in making milady
superb for spring. The charming
fashion of wearing natural flowers
at balls, luncheons, teas and sucn
has returned, borrowed by New York
from the ancients, who wore wreaths
on their heads.
But, ah, far more distinctive is the
American vogue! Cut flowers are
wired in the form of wreaths ind
garlands arranged to adorn the hair
or gown. The fad originated in New
York City several weeks ago and
was quickly Indorsed by the smart
set. who employed sweetheart roses
to wear over the shoulder and el
"I watchd a wonderful mnchine
at our shop work this morning."
"And how does it work?" we asked
"Well, was tne reply, "Dy means
of a pedal attachment, a fulcrumed
lever converts a vertical reciprocat
ing motion into a circular move
To see the granger revel in his lair.
go out to Gresham tomorrow for the
farmers' picnic and stay all day. See
the horny-handed son of toil, to-wit,
George Chamberlain or George Sta
ple-ton, get next to the soil.
from a statement of the Railway
- Age that the average movement has
declined from 26.9 miles a day in
1916 to 23.1 miles in 1919, and that
every increase of one mile a day is
equivalent to an increase of 100.000
in the number available. Further
economy may be effected by prompt
rt pairs, for the number in bad order
it 180.000, or about 7 per cent of
; J the total supply, and great effort to
reduce this number by one-half is
lecommended. An average move
ment of only 23 miles a day seems to
1 I be only a snail's pace, with all due
. 1 allowance for time spent at stations
and for short hauls
tho central European markets as ef
fectively as did the allied navies, and
it depresses the value of wool in
Oregon and Australia.
There is a simple explanation of
the discharge of men from the Penn
sylvanta railroad. Traffic is so con
gested that cars cannot move fast
enough to keep these men employed
Their product is transportation
which Is movement of trains, and if
they do not move trains they do not
earn their pay. It matters not i
what department they are employed
the ultimate purpose of their work is
movement of trains. When the jam
Summer weather in the Garden of
Eden must have been something like
that of Portland. Just enough mel-
owed by the sun to make, a fellow
lazy and just glorious at night to
make sleep a joy.
Los Angeles might begin its morn
ing prayers, "Give us this day our
daily quake . . . ' " but for the
fact that IOs Angeles never holds
morning prayers or any other kind
usiness uneconomical. Our antiouated
erminal facilities, our costly lighterage
system, our jammed wharvea and yards.
our delay in carrying through the port
treaty all these conditions give them
right to demand government help in
Nobody wishes to deprive New
York of the primacy, if it can hold
primacy on its merits. It is obvious
to any person who studies the nat
ural lines of traffic and compares
hem with the actual routes by which
traffic reaches the seaboard that the
situation is both unnatural and un
economic. Traffic is directed to New
York and a few other ports by men
who control railroads and men
who control the principal- Ameri
can steamship lines, the two be
ing often the same or- allied.
They have concentrated shipping
at their favorite ports to the
disadvantage or total exclusion of
other ports. With growth of ship
ping business this has grown to. a
point where it has caused a positive
congestion of traffic at the chosen
pcrU. and on the railroads leading to
them. That condition was largely re
sponsible for the terrible blockade
which occurred during the war, and
heroic measures were necessary to
prevent it from having a disastrous
effect on the result of the conflict.
It contributes to the presont traffic
congestion 'and thereby injures in
dustry and by delaying shipments
affects, financial conditions. v In
transportation by either rail or ship
time Is money, and congestion causes
serious loss of money through delay
in movement of trains and in dis
charge and loading of ships.
The ports of the country may be
compared to the doors of a building,
and the Lnited States has many
doors on all parts of its three sea
boards, also through the great lakes
Sir Thomas Lipton should issue
his next challenge to a Pacific coast
defender, where the waters are wide
and broad and long, with thousand-
mile legs, and winds always just
The Columbia highway, between
Astoria and Clatskanie is closed all
day. but can be used after 5 o'clock
P. M. and up to' 7 o'clock A. M-,
says State Highway Engineer Nunn,
who was in the city yesterday. "There
are four paving plants operating be
tween those two points and they win
have the road hard surfaced oeiore
the end of the season. Good progress
is being made on the bridge across
Young's bay. the piling for the ap
proaches have been driven. The first
section of the concrete road west ot
the; bridsre is beine laid. The entire
project is moving forward at gooo.
soeed." Mr. Nunn and Commissioner
Kiddle have just completed a swing
from Portland through Tillamook to
Seaside and Astoria. One of the ob
ieets of the triD was to see the work
which the highway commission una
awarded to Tillamook county and to
enable Mr. Kiddle to get an idea of
the country through which the lina
mook people want a road along the
beaches through Rockaway. Brighton
After his steamer was, subbed be
r-ausA tha American flag was not
lowered, the German U-boat shelled
the small boats In which the Amer
ican crew were escaping. That is one
of the experiences which Captain
Fred J. McGuiness had during thi
war. Captain McGuiness. who i:
travelinsr representative for the Nep
tune association, composed of deck
officers on Atlantic coast vessels.
rived in Portland yesterday' and
rea-istered. with his wife, at the 1m
perial. The captain says mat tne
American boys are taking to the sea
and that the farther in the woods th
boys come from the better sailormen
they make. Captain McGuiness is an
ardent believer that the masters o
American ships should be America
citizens Yesterday the captain wa
entertained by the Hi-Hi club, there
being a quorum present, althougn
John Burgard is at Gearhart and
Russell Hawkins is at Kilchis Point.
"Many of the tourists coming- to
Portland now have left Los Anseles,"
said Charles Schreibcr. assistant man
ager of the Hotel Portland. "There
has been quite an exodus of tourists
from Los Angeles because of the
quakes. One family, which arrived
in Portland yesterday, went to Los
Angeles to spend a month. The morn
ing of their arrival there was a shake
and they immediately decided to come
north but had to wait three days be
fore they could secure reservations,
so great was the number of people
trying to get away. A Dr. Wolf,
from the middle west, went to Los
Angeles to locate, but a couple of
Inuakes caused him to cnange nia
"mind. He is now here and will lo
cate in Portland or Astoria. I don't
know whether permanent residents
of Los Angeles are getting out, but
it is a fact that thousands of tour
ists are leaving the town."
Tommy Lipps, or rather ex-Ser
geant Thomas H. Lipps, sprucer, is
back in town and registered at the
Hotel Portland. Mr. Lipps now hails
from Los Angeles, where he is study-
ng law. A couple of years ago na
was much in tne iimensnt as m
private secretary of Mayor H:.rley
of Astoria. After Mr. Harley was de
feated for the republican nomination
for governor on the platform of ngnt
wines and beer. Tommy became dis
gusted with politics and went to war.
but he became even more disgusted
with war when he was stationed as
a soldier-laborer In a lumber camp
up near the British Columbia line.
Dr. J. H. Rosenberg of Prineville.
is at the Benson. A. ween ago. at
Salem, the doctor was the center ot
a warm political contest, the outcome
nf which was his election as presi
dent of the State Elks' association.
The main reason that Dr. Rosenberg
was elected was to have mm worh.
nvortime In helDlnK to have a hunt
ng lodge for members ot tne oraer
established on the Metolius river in
central Oregon. The plan is to have
every Eik in the nation contriouie tne
price Of one cigar towara tins recrea
tion resort Dit. not nica-et tisms.
On a voyage of discovery. F. C.
Martin, assistant manager of the fct.
Francis, is in Portland from San
Francisco. He is looking over the
local hotels and will go to Spokane,
Seattle and across the line to British
Columbia. Mr. Martin has been in
i ho hotel game In San trancisco
h insists on referring to
city tsince tuts coi.j
Law Officers and Thoughtful lit Urns
See Absurdity of Practice.
LA GRANDE. Or., July 29 (To the
Editor.) In The SAiday Oregonian
ou have an editorial on the "Folly
of Premature Paroles" which is tinie-
v and to the point. Judge Stapleton s
statement that the parole of criminals
is getting to be a farce states a fact
hat is well known to every law-en
forcing officer of this state and to
every thoughtful and observant citi-
There are cases in which a young
and inexperienced person has been led
astray by older criminal companions
and there is a chance for his reforma
tion, which mitht be accomplished by
his being placed under a parole con
ditioned on his leading a law-abidiim
life: but in the case of a hardened
criminal or a mature man who wilful
ly violates the law. the chances arc
many to one that a parole Is a rafce
and the court granting such is mere
ly, making: a farce out of Justice and
bringing that institution into con
tempt among honest peopie. Especial
ly is this true when the defendant
stands trial, goes upon the witness
stand, testities that he never com
mitted the act and gets others to do
so. and the jury who hear the evi
dence find him guilty, thereby indi
rectly finding that his t-ta-tements are j
false and that he. In addition to the
offense charse. also committed per
jury. A parole under such circum
stances is a travesty on justice.
The object of punishment is two
fold justice to the criminal and hi
reformation, and deterring of others
from crime. U is poor logic and
worse policy to turn a criminal loose
without a thorough investigation imo
his past life, the state beins a party,
because someone has asked this to he
done, either publicly or privately;
and not only the acts that the de
fendant is on trial for and for which
he has Dleaded aruilty or the jury has
found him guilty should bo. consid
ered, but his general character in
other transactions should and must
be considered if there is an honest
effort to determine the probability of
a parole reforming the accused. The
parole Is not based on the facts alone
of the individual case. The jury de
termines these under the constitution
and the law. The second "object of
punishment the deterrins of others
from criine cannot but be impaired
by any paroles, and especially so
when not deserved. The chances are
ten to one that the paroled defendant
has many companions of like bent
with himself, who. seeing the farci
cal proceeding:, will expect a uniform
course of procedure in their own
cases should they be caught and con
victed. While it is a reputed fact that a
criminal wave follows a preat war.
yet I do not believe that this is alto
gether responsible for the great in
crease in crime that is sweeping over
the country. While it might be said
More Truth Than Poetry.
By James J. Montague.
A PARTY PLATFORM.
We view with alarm the man-eating
We point with pride to the setting
We hichly commend the song of the
The poisonous snake we severelv
In fact, we have very decided views
On aiinost everying barring booze.
We hold that burxlars are bold and
We're strong for virtue, and books,
We find all funerals sad:
We don't believe in the word of
We disapprove of a rainv dav
But as for booze, we-ha ve "nothing
We fearlessly speak for the good and
ris ht :
We boldly denounce all evil and
We firmly declare that black's not
We give great praise to the summer
We bravely say what we renllv tv,ir,v-
On all great tonics, exrentinir" rtrink
Of what we have done we arc truly
Our record's a slorious thing to see.
We say straight out that the other
Is all that a party should not be.
Our platfor makes our party's tone.
But booze is safer to let alone!
1C Her Own Quarrel.
Why not let Ohio settle the dispute
between her two sons and save the
rest of the country ten or twenty
iniiiiun uonars in election expenses?
Reform at I. nut.
fine comforting thine about the
coming election is that St the present
price of labor nobody will be able to
Mr. Hoover hears a good deal of
knocking nowadays, but it isn't done
(Copyright. 1920. by tho Lell Syndi
By tirsioe li Hall.
hat war naturally lessens the appre
ciation for human life on the theory
hat those who participate in war or
read accounts of wholesale bloodshed
become hardened to some extent, yet
his cannot account for the many
cases of petty larceny, burclaries and
statutory crimes against ftirls on the
part of young men and boys who took
no part in the war. The only reason
able explanation is the laxness In law
enforcement and the uncertainty of
being: punished. The best antidote Is
unfailing certainy of punishment for
crime: that every man will be treated
alike; that there is no chance for in
fluential nersons to visit the district
attorney's office or the chambers of
the juclse and divert the pure stream
of justice from the channel in which
It should now.
When Judces like Judge Stnpleton
denounce the wholesale practice of
narolinir and judges like Judpre Aic-
Court require the proper showing to
rebut the assumption mat a person
Is not entitled to a divorce, then we
may hope to see crime decrease and
the traffic in fraudulent divorces
cease. These noiaings souna soon
to us. JOHN S. HODGIX.
CUSTOM BILES PROM'M I lTIO
it as "the
90s. He con
ment. The principal part of the ma- tends that Kan Francisco Is to the
Panif p nnast wnat. - e w iuik i "
chine is a huge disk that -evolves
In a vertical plane. Power is ap
plied through the axis of the disk.
and work Is done on tho periphery,
and the hardest substance, by mere
impact, may be reduced to any iap?."
"What is this wonderful machine?"
"A grindstone." was the reply.-
the Atlantic seaboard and he doesn't
hoaitnt to declare that "sun rran
Cisco Is the cocktail of the world.'
Will E. Purdy, who started out to
be s. stormy petrel in tne uregon
delegation at the . democratic con
vention in San Francisco. Is regis
tered at the Hotel Oregon from
Salem. Mr. Purdy, who once was an
John Glenn In Electric Experimenter. I asdrant for governor of this state
,.. a last ditcher for William G
In the old mining town of Shasta, I McAdoo in the convention, as per the
Cal.. once the largest town In Shasta I primary obligation, but at one time
county. Western Star lodge No.
The last American taken prisoner
by Francisco Villa was a brewer, and
Villa let him go. Might at least have
extracted from him first a contribu
tion to the Cox campaign fund.
Free and Accepted Masons, still has
95 members, though there Is only
one member living thers. He is Orant
Schroter, who is always elected secre
tary. The other members are scat
tered In all parts of the globe. Several
are in South Africa. But dues are
kept paid up, and every one of tha
95 may be satd to be an active mem
"It was too much education that
anded me here, mum," said the bur
glar to the visitor at the peniten
tiary. "1 had an assistant who was
one whose praise I
More than the laurel crown:
A smile in the eyes so blue and grave
Meotins my own of brown:
Clasp of a tender hand and strong.
Words in a mellow tone.
The vibrant note in my sweetest
A lilt that has waned. I own.
Silence across the space of years;
Never a word has come:
silence across the waste of tears;
Silence! and yet that one
Could waken chords of a lost refrain
On the harp of my soul's desire.
But only an echo, dull with pain.
Drift from that muted lyre.
In Other Days.
Fattig, the draft-evader, who did
not know better and whom nobody
advised, gets nine months on sur
rendering. Bergdoll, who did know,
will get nine years when caught.
The- search for the killers of Til
Taylor needs- airplane service and
bombs. .They must not be given op
portunity for more murder.
McAdoo has been "licked" into
promising speeches -for Cox. The
worst (or best) of McAdoo is his sin
cerity in politics.
The fool white man who thought
he could say anything to a colored
woman had another say to the judge.
Lipton is to visit this coast and
Portland will delight to honor the
game old boy if he comes this way.
he talked of bolting and offering the
name of G. E. Chamheriain ror tne
Art Miner Is- a resourceful chap.
When at home he is In the sheep an
cattle business at Heppner. He start
ed on a trip to the coast the other
day and when he arrived in iina
mook he was out of gas. This didn't
bother Mr. Miner however, tor ne
bought a can of coal oil. poured it
into his tank, gave the starter a
kick? and away he went to Seaside,
and thereafter he managed to reach
Astoria and buy some fuel which
wouldn't gag his carburetor.
Phil Metschan etarted for Seaside
born in Boston. One night we had a I yesterday by way of Tillamook. .This
Somehow we suspect that Fran
Cisco Villa is pulling: a Patti on the
What the democrat thinks of
woman in politics is not at all like
what he says.
Seattle continues to draw the best
men from Portland. It's all in the
Like every successful
The average ; Is cleared and trains move faster on its fourth sidej AH are reached man. Villa now retires.
iL'ood second-story job, but he queered
the whole thing at the las', minute.
How do you mean?" asked the
When I told him to climb up The
down spout to get the swat; out of
the second story he said, "I refuse
io do anything so paradoxical;' and
just then the copper woke up and
collared us." Pittsburg Chronicle-
' George Locke, returned soldier, had
been a persistent wooer of Miss Myra
Fidler of Winnipeg, -Manitoba, but
had been unable to induce the young
lady to 'Viet the date." George had
almost given up hope when he read
a novel by a Spanish author, advocat
int the "treat 'em rough" method
and immadiately prepared to carry
out the author's suggestions.
A few days later George was ar
rested for shooting Miss Fidler
through the thig and attempting
suicide. During his convalescence at
a local hospital Miss Fidler waa a
constant attendant upon him. At
Locke's trial she said: "I didn't love
him well enough before he shot me
to marry him, but I do now."
All was in readiness for the wed
ding in case Locke was freed, but the
judge sentenced him to three years at
Stoney Mountain prison. New York
Words Are Diamond.
Yonkers (N. Y.) Statesman.
Mrs. Flatte What was it I told you
a little while ago, John? Mr. Flatte
I don't know; I wasn't listening. Mrs.
Flatte Now, isn't that provoking?
tid I just can't think what It was to
is now becoming one of -the mosc
popular routes to Seaside from Port
land. It is more circuitous than the
Columbia river highway, but for most
of the distance the road is good and
some of it is paved.
John Hampshire and Frank' C.
Bramwell, of Grants Pass, are in town
on a deal ana ar ai me noiei rurt-
land. where Arthur Bramwell, Frank's
brother. Is behind the desk.
AYeUer t'ltUenn Have loauenanie
RlBht o Call It "Wersfr."
PORTLAND, July 29. (To the Kd
itor.) Would it be imposing too mucn
upon your good nature to aaK tne
privilege of adding a few lines to the
discussion now on in your columns
anent the pronunciation of a name of
a certain city in Idaho? C. I. (lep
hart seems to be very much exercised
over the fact that the citizens of that
little community conclude to Ignore
rules and regulations bearina the
trade-mark "made in Germany" when
pronouncing the name of their home
town. They are committine no crime
thereby, as he must admit on sober
second thought, but are simply op
erating under the old rule whereby
Jrivate persons, and others directly
Interested therein, may be consid
ered the sole judges of the proper
methods of either spelling or pro
nouncing a proper name or surname.
The law itself directly supports such
a rule, and never questions the right
to such action.
I have been a resident of Idaho (and
not far from Weiser) for over S
years, and have never heard the name
pronounced "Wiser" save when some
unsophisticated recent arrival from
the old country tried to refer to it
Now I am not calling into question
the rule of the German or any othe'
grammar or dictionary, which rule
that "ei" is to be pronounced as "i.'
which in most cases is right and
proper, but I am only objecting to the
attempt on the part of thegentle
man of Teutonic lineage to interfere
with the "inalienable American priv
ilege" of the citizens of Weiser to
designate the manner in which the
said name should be pronounced.
This particular instance is not the
first by many, many thousands in
which the spelling of a foreign proper
name lias been used in this country,
while the: pronunciation. a.s used In
the country of Its origin, has been slg-
mllv iirnored. The translation or
name with the accompanying grafting
thereon of a pronunciation twisted to
suit the vagaries or colloquial ideas
the eountrv of its adoption is so
old a thins: that it no longer excites
more than passing interest. The good
citizens of the city of Weiser will In
all probability pay little attention to
the wishes of Brotner uepnari.
Twe.nty-I-'lve Yrara Ago.
From The Oregonian of July SO, 1S96.
Rexhurgr. Idaho. The five com
panies of troops which have arrived
to protect settlers of the Jackson
Hole country have been ordered to
proceed from Market Luke.
The committee appointed to pro
cure the tlS.000 fund needed to assure
the Oregon industrial exposition is
meeting with excellent succebs.
The new 24-inch water main on
Fourth street, between Ankeny and
Burnside, burst yesterday and flooded
the streets in that vicinity.
A train of 15 cars, loaded with 400
horses for the abattoir at Linnton,
arrived yesterday from eastern Oregon.
Fifty Yrara Aico.
From The Oregonian of July ISO. Is70.
Paris The emperor left today by
special train for the army, accom
panied hy Prince Napoleon.
Rev. f'lark Smith has been re-elected
by the trustees to the principal
ahip of the Vancouver Seminary.
There is a bis fire on the moun
tain side west of the city and there
may be others nearby, as the atmos
phere Is very smoky.
The Beth Israel school will open
Monday mornine, August 1, with Miss
H. R. Phillips in charge.
Birth tllc In Ore iron.
VANCOUVER. Wash.. July 28. (To
the Kditor.) Would you kindly an
swer the following questions: is n
compulsory in Oregon for a parent or
physician in attendance to register a
birth in the family? If so. .where Is
the registry . kept and ii it open-to
public inspection? INTERESTED.
1. The attending physician or mid
wife is required to register a birth:
if no physician or midwife is em
ployed, then it is the duty of the par
ent. 2. County records of births are kept
by the county clerks; the complete
state records by the secretary of the
state board of health. Dr. David N.
Roberg. Selling building. Portland.
They re public records, but a small
fee is charged for certified copies of
birth certificates or for searching the
Two civil engineers from Japan
are K. Takaniski and H. Komura, who
are at the Hotel Portland. They ex
pressed themselves as wen satisneo
with the Columbia highway and ad
mitted that there is no road like it in
Mrs. Lucy Ennis, for several years
telephone operator at the Hotel Ore
gon, died yesterday. Mrs. Ennis had
a toothache a few days ago and had
the tooth extracted. Complications
set in and death ensued.
J. Bruce Byall and party have ar
rived from Philadelphia and are at
the Perkins. The party drove across
the continent in an automobile and
covered the distance to Portland
Charles L. MCNary. United States
senator, who is in Oregon during the
nummer season, arrived at the Im
perial yesterday, coming rrom Salem.
A. W. Davidson of Hove. England,
arrived at the Benson yesterday. Mr.
Davidson is by way of being a grain
dealer in the old country.
Ben Alexander, graduate of Stan
ford and expert lumber, piler in a
JSilverton sawmill, is
Presidency. Divorce and Politic.
HOCLTON. Or., July 251. (To the
Editor.) (1) Does tne president oi tne
United states nave to kiw; onu be
fore assuming the presidency?
(2) A man's wife deserted him 24
vears ago and he has never heard of
her since. What course must he take
to get free from her?
(3) Would Bryan have turned down
the San Francisco nomination If ten
dered him? A SUBSCRIBER.
(2) Sue for divorce.
(3) Mr. Bryan has never said. We
fancy he would not have.declined.
Application for Patent.
CH EH A LIS. Wash.. July 2S. (To
the Editor.) What are the necessary
Eteoa in order to ootain a patent."
You can obtain a copy. of the rules
of practice by addressing the Com
missioner of Patents. Washington,
D. c. The' patent office, however,
advises employment of a competent
Weler Forty Year Ako.
PORTLAND. Or.. July 29. (To the
Editor.) When I knew the Weiser.
coming 40 years ago. nobody thought
of calling it anything but "Weeser."
giving the "s" the hissing sound. This
was good enoush for old John Hailey,
Governor Bill Stewart, the Callaways
Ab and'Doc Tim Regan and the rest
of the men who made the territory.
I've heard a thousand of them say
it that way. The river may have
been named for a German l do not
know; but if it was, he is long for
gotten. Next we know, somebody will be
calling us down for saying "Pl-ette"
when we refer to a neighboring
stream. W. J. CUDDY.
work on Karma.
PORTLAND, July 29 (To the Edi
tor.) When and where can a man
spend two weeks this fall, to the best
of advantage, helping some farmer or
fruit grower? An early reply on the
editorial page of The Oregonian will
The municipal employment bureau.
Sixth and Pine streets, will probably
be in a position to fill your request,
as they constantly have call for fruit
pickers ana farm helpers.
Authority for "You All."
Would-be purists in language often
criticise the south for the expression
"you all." but the south has the High
est authority on earth for its use.
Paul, in his epistle to the Phllippiaiis.
wrote "vou all.' 'and no higher au-
! thority than the Bible need be looked
t the Hotel ' registered patent attorney in every for. pain knew rull well the strenglh
instance. and force of "you all." ' -