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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 8, 1920)
3 THE MORNiyG OREGOMAN, TUESDAY. JUNE 8, 1920
Iff I n M IjnbS I I II 1 I
In a I
ESTABLISHED BV HENRT L. PITTOCK.
.- Published by The Oregonian Publishing Co.,
135 Sixth Street.- Portland, Oregon.
'C. A. MORUBN. JS. B. PIPER,
The Oregonian is a member ot the Asso
ciated PreBs. The Associated Press Is
exclusively entitled to the uae for publica
tion of all news dispatches credited to It
or not otherwise credited in this paper and
also the local news published herein. Ail
rights of republication of special dispatches
herein are also reserved.
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t . 1 1 .. ,.kn.,t u..nHv tlir months... 1 - '
nitnmii Minaav. one muiiwi .... .
on getting away from the funda
mentally ' . military '. purpose ; now
dominating the", construction of
planes, Emphasis in the past has
been placed on ability, to get quickly
Into the air and on lightness of en
gine. Present need is for reliability
above all else, ,to whidh a certain
amount of lightness and a good deal
of speed can be sacrificed advantage
ously. The status of commercial
and exploratory aviation is anala-
gous to that of automobiling twenty-
five years ago. Efficient engines
are built, and airplaning is safe in
known territory,;- but reliabilty nec
essary for venturing into unknown
regions has not yet been attained.
The future of aviation depends
on developments in the direction of
reliability, rather than on- military
aspects which meanwhile need -not
suffer while more prosaic details
are being worked out. It is not
easy to overestimate the possibilities
of aviation in the field of explora
tion, and in the relation of explora-
How to Remit. Send postoffice money I tion to territorial expansion and the
errip.r. exDress or personal cneCK on
local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are
at owners rtsK. uive pnnniun. -
In full. Including county and state.
Postage Rates. 1 to 16 pages. 1 cent;
IS to 3 panes. 3 cents; 31 to 48 Pages. 3
cents; 50 to 64 pages. 4 cents; 6B to 80
pages. 5 cents; S'-i to 06 pages, 6 cents.
Foreign postage, double rates.
Katern Business Office. Verree & Conk
lm Brunswick building. New York; Verree
& Conklln. Steger building. Chicago; Ver-
nntiin ITree Press building. De
Mich. San Francisco representative,
movement of immigration, if com
mercial aviation receives the nour
isbment that philosophical scientists
believe to be its due.
of lay members on the committees
of central bodies. It is taken also
by students of our institutions as a
new manifestation- of democracy in
its highest sense, in which it is not
only a duty but a privilege to labor,
and In which service is the highest
possible honor. That the church In
the end can attain no greater heights
than its laity has willed that it shall
do has long been apprehended, but
it is a new idea in a modern time
that the duty of the layman is con
stant, that it is not always to be
delegated, and that the .ends of a
religious life are best served by uni
versal participation in all of its
respecting the national bird. Mighty BY - PRODUCTS
nininnq stnr-iled aerainst the- cloud
fierce head turning its gaze upon Illegible Signature. Dae to Affect.
the panorama of distant lake and "r
woodland, in great and perfect spirals I . In connection with the recent news
the bald eagle soared, poised and I report that -a train was wrecked be-
plunged with the hiss of tortured I cause of a station master's poor pen
wind to its quarry a fishhawk, or manship, it is timely to call, attention
Those Who Come and Go.
"New hay is being contracted for
$25 and $28 a ton, baled and in the
car," states E. P. Dodd of Hermiston.
Although for a while last epring It
looked like a dry summer and poor
laboring nestward with a to a happy practice which has come crops, Mr. Dodd says that there is now
cleanly captured sucker. "A pirat-1 into use, says the Boston Transcript an abundance or water, mere wins
ical parasite of the osprey," wrote At the end of typewritten business all that the irrigation darn at
Dr. Coues, "otherwise notorious as letters lately, one often comes across 0nd, of gallons went into the
me t-muitiu ul Liie repuunu. mcic me scnDoica signature, weiuw w" " river "The reservoir, explains jvir.
is a sort of jingoism about this bird the typist has translated the sign Tj0d.d, who is a member" of the legis-
which tickles the fancy of the aver- manual in clear print This saves the lature representing Umatilla county,
age American patriot, who imagines need of decipering, and is a-practice "has 50.000 acre feet It is 90 feet
that it can be heard around the world which might well have a wide vogue, high and has a shoreline of 12 miles
wneii it lumpiea up its ieaLiici0 aim As a matter or fact, lew people sign - . . .frmatinr. that w;.r,,. . ,w .r e
Bat Majority Rule Over Man
Way He Enjoys and Admires.
PORTLAND, Juno 6. (To the Edi
tor.) It really,Keems that ex-soldier
is likely to be confirmed in his bit
terness toward the fair eei. The
sympathy he has received from va
rious correspondents is not calcu
lated to ease his resentment
Woman's position in America Is
anomalous and enviable. As in most
Caucasian civilizations where the
struggle with nature is scarcely
ended there survives in most Ameri
can men a paternal, brotherly, or
Knigntly reeling for everv woman.
More Truth Than Poetry.
Br . Jimf i J. UonUsme,
J screeches, making as much noise as I their
WHERE IS THK RECORD? -
"How. locicHlly. a candidate can he
arlpcteriS hv the republican national con
vention for presidential nomination from
amonir a field or four wno nas never ncen
better tnan tnirn or tourtn passes o-m-i
with me." remarks Hiram Johnson. "I'm
convinced that a republican convention
rill heed the will pi republican voters.
Everybody else has the same con
viction. But what is the will oi me
Po the rank
and file- want to
IS SEARCH OF NEW LEADERS.
Bt fore the republican convention
has met it is said to have no leaders
i ik. Mniot-atcs are described as
rhoer, without a shepherd. No strong I choose a candidate from the several
h out nmnnsrthem. to whom who are seeking the office, or are
they can look for good counsel, who they enamored of the doctrine that
can reconcile their variea snaaes ui me otlice snouia seen "
nir.irn nnd their more or less diver- I As to avowed candidates,
Kims in order to concentrate shall we look for an expression from
their strength on a candidate satis- the rank and file? To Oregon? Here
......, i,c mainritv. The leaders I the- four ormcipal candidates nau
,,hn hkpH to oerform this function I places on the ballot. Senator John
- ,., Hi,.,! retired or been politically son received a plurality endorsement.
- -killed off. and new ones are yet to be But his total vote represented only
--"rfiovereri I 20 per cent of the registered mem
ZZZJ Extinction of the old leaders dates bers of the republican party. Shall
'- from the convention of 1912, where wc look to California, where the pri
one set of leaders condemned a rival mary was a contest between two
'sot as hosses and led a bolt from trie favorite sons?
-iir.risinn that was reached under But whatever may be read in the
their guidance. A compromise De- primary returns, tne iaci stands out
TTtween the two groups was reached in I that a primary indicates only the
"'1916 but a variety -of causes has re- preference of voters tor one oi sev-
moved practically all of one group,
th- so-called old uard. and the chief
of the other group. Theodore Roose
velt. The practice of the factional
..-leaders who were striving for con
! trol of branding those who had con
trol as bosses has destroyed, conn
RESTORING rSDCSTRIAL CRIPPLES.
In one way or another society is
riound to take care of its maimed.
Whether it forces them to become
beggars, or places them in charity
institutions, or trains them to become
self-supporting,-the people pay the
cost. Considerations of national
economy, no less than of regard for
the self-respect of the victim, are
all in fijvor of "the last course. True
humanitarians hope to see the dawn
of the day "when the beggar with
the tin cup will have no excuse for
being. Vocational training, besides
being more economical than lifelong
support, increases the happiness of
the crippled and by adding to the
productive class aids indirectly in
restoring the balance -of the cost of
In the circumstances there ought
to be no quibbling over intricacies of
method. Doubtless as an ideal it
would be desirable that each indus
try should bear allof its costs of
production. ; The price of a ton of
steel rails, for example, ought to in
clude not only the price of the raw
material, and the wages of labor em-
the British lion with its tail twisted
eral who Are openly seeking the pre
ferment. Yet the' honor of the of
fice is so great that the finest and
the fittest will .not reject it. The
choice is and ought to be limited
only by the number of qualified citi
zens. ' Yet the Johnson doctrine, as
dence in the survivors of the former we interpret iU . would limit the
choice to the few who are willing to
go out and make a fight for it.
"-chiefs, and this process has been
"aided bv the latter's over-conserva
tism, which caused them to be
termed reactionary. There seem to
be no men in sight who can rally the
convention to . T' sutr-trests "a multitude of questions
tain candidate as the man of the su.fisebts.' mmi . i
hour, or of a platform as the demand
NO. COMFORT FOR THE WETS,
Although, ' as Justice - McKenna
names legioiy. wnn a s" an "acre foot" is 12 inches or water ideals sometimes orevents his dis
many mere is a positive iricK. or at- an acre, and it Is estimated tnai criminating between the office or
It sometimes fishes for itself, at I f ectation of illegibility. It is a relic I there should be four feet of water on store snob and the deserving work
others stoops to carrion like a vul-lrelic of the old idea that, to forestall I the ground in a year, me.aning be- I ins girl; or between the hard-faced.
ture, and also preys upon water fowl forgery, there should b something tween March and November. JNew
and mammals of considerable size." peculiar, very individual, even cryptic. !rdSiHr1UidV,efoTaevrenTu0a?ly the
Sebastian Plymale. pioneer of Ore- about a formal sisnatUre. Such signa- D.oil i- saturated and whelT this
gon, wnose aeatri occurred a lew tures are purely cabalistic; they are happens less irrigation is required.
Yycunj wu a. tuiisiaui tiuoauci i an right, no doubt, if you are Horace
against the fame of the bald eagles, Greeley or Kudyard Kipling or the One of the elaborate cut-glass chan
declaring the bird unfit for its high
honors and even threatening to carry
the matter of its personal peculiari
ties to the attention of congress.
In more extensive detail his narra
tions of the habits of the bald eagle
tallied with and elaborated upon
those of the recognized authorities.
It was his boast that no living man
knew more of the ways and home
lives of the bald eagle and the golden
eagle than did he. And he welcomed
controversy upon his knowledge,
maintaining that the golden eagle
possessed all the characteristics
wrongly attributed to the bald eagle,
and should supplant it as the emblem
of the nation.
Mr. Plymale was wont to relate
many instances of his personal ob
servation, each of which would serve
to portray the bald eagle in sorrj
ployed to fabricate it, and the cost lightas a pettv thiefi a scavenger,
of transportation, but also the cost an outrJght poltroon or an idle, shift
of tire arras and legs that are sac- ,ess f,ow for B ,is! foaPSm w,,,,.
rificed in the process. The last is and ,rani Tjl, WQ
as truly an item in the cost as any nsBme fnr the va&rant idlenesS of the
oui.er. .let. t.iele are u .mem Lies i.. national bird, according to Mr.
the way of nice apportionment, and plymae who narrated that in early
we have no desire to see cripples days ln Oreg.on he had seen a dozen
wait while accountants figure. So- of the species perched above a river
"s "J" ue.ieiits teeming with salmon each hopeful
of the enterprises in which these thunderbolt patiently waiting for an-
society cannot with reason complain
if the cost is lumped against it.
It will bear repetition that voca
tional re-education is not only jus
tice, but also economy. Every argu
ment in favor of the rehabilitation
of wounded soldiers is applicable
with equal force to the measure
other to make the capture. And not
until some member of that fierce
covey wearied of the dinner delay
and drove at his own target was
there any indication of general in
terest. But as the salmon-laden
captor rose from the river, related
the pioneer, his screaming fellows
swooped down upon him to seize the
which would help the victims of spoils of his exceptional industry.
luuuoLiy. It is Drobahlv too Into tn
America will have to meander along.
Ol'TRACERS OUTRAGE!). in peace and war. with the totem she
One feature of the tactics of revo- now possesses, fighting as fiercelv tower of London had a thrilling ex-
jnHonictc i to intra ov-o nnccihia t 1 as Sir Nisei for his nnnrioi-ouc la I perience the other day, relates
treasurer of the United States, or
somebody exceedingly widely known,
but they are a nuisance to the world
if you are obscure.
But the signatures of many people
are illegible for a very different rea
son from this the reason that people
have to sign their names a great many
times, and get bored and weary, or
very hasty in doing it, and conse
quently relapse into a mere scrawl.
In any case, the great world, which
does not know you from a side of
sole leather, is entitled to have your
name good and plain at the bottom of
your letter; and if you choose to
scrawl your name, it should be plain
ly typewritten also.
The Medicine Lodge (Kan.) Index
announces that It is now equipped
to. handle funerals and weddings as
well as the ordinary printing busi
ness. There -is now on the payroll
a parson. The Rev. Mr. Stauffer has
offered to help out the Index editors
during the printer shortage, and it
looks as though he might be a mem
ber of the staff a long time. While
it is sometimes inconvenient, as the
editors confess, to have a minister
around the office when the linotype
balks, it is hoped the linotype will
soon take cognizance of the reverend
gentleman's presence and net balk
too often. Incidentally, the Index
offer's a year's free subscription to
the first 'couple married in that of
fice by the new employe, and in a
second incidental note to' editors, the
Index confides: "Preachers are harder
workers and more reliable than fly-by-night
printers. Train a preacher."
Several groups of visitors to the
striving club politician and the wo
man whose mission is something
more than self-aggrandizement Fail
ure to discriminate leads to" injustice
to those deserving respect and aid
or to encouragement of practices de-
servinsr condemnation. I will answer
deliers which contribute to the ornate I for Ex-Soldier, however, that if Mrs.
appearance of the Circassian wainut a. had entered a car with a baby in
lobby of the Benson became a total I her arms, our soldier friend would
wreck yesterday. Walter McCabe was j have hung to the strap rather than
cleaning the fancy fixture and nad that she should. Practically ail men
nolished" ud the Klass diamonds, on respect woman, and nono can rrtm
about half of the equipment, when the pete with her, in the too little sought
chandelier near the fireplace divorcea tield ot motherhood. It is by virtue
itself from the ceiling and fell to tne of that, that she is his superior, and
floor. Several hundred-dollars worth I it is only when she selfifhly defies,
of class was reduced to junk in no I impairs, or destroys her fitness
time. Mr. McCabe, who was perched I therein that she descends to, or falls
on the top of a ladder near the cell-1 below man's level
ing, fell from the ladder to the floor, I it is suggested that nature fitted
landing on his feet, and then rolled Lx-Soldier for farm labor. Nature
over. When he was picked up it was I gave male mammals superior strength
discovered that - both of his anKies I through and for strife. The records
were -broken. lour boys made in prima facie evl
oence that he. uperi hio "nr-owess in
Hearing of the affluence of the defense of Mrs. Steno and Mrs. A. in
loganberry farmers of the Willamette 1 common with others of us who
valley, ti. J. Keed and lamny ana i stayed behind. Perhaps Kx-Sol.lier
Mr. and Mrs. Marion Reed have pulled
up stakes in Badger. Minn., and have
come to Oregon to be berry culturists.
The party of seven arrived at the
Multnomah yesterday, en route to
Hubbard. Marion county, where Mr.
has a sweetheart. How will he relish
Mrs. steno's advice to go to the farm
and help feed her and her husband
for a relatively low wage, with long
hours, uncertain employment, and
isolation from communication and
For many years my earthly lot, '
t rom troubles was exempted.
When Uncle Eira told 'me not
To let myself be tempted.
I little knew the value then
Of the advice he Brave me. -
But time and time and time again.
My uncle s words have saved me.
A cop once said to me, "Brush by!
1 turned my nose up smusrlv.
Although I must admit that I
"as tempted to get uclv.
He slugged the next man that he met
And took him to the station.
And I am very glad, you bet.
x lought against temptation.
A gentleman I barely knew
Ana at whose nerve I wondered.
Once asked me quite abruptly to
Advance him fifteen hundred.
He tempted me but heart I took.
And cried. "My means forbid, if
And since I've learned he was a crook.
xm ratner glad' I aid it.
When tempted once to take a drink.
My uncle's maxim wielded
Its saving power- I hate to think
That I so nearly yielded.
The stuff was methyl alcohol
And persons less stout hearted.
Who fell for it. are one and all
Among the dear departed.
A Mexican President's Inaajmral Mem
aag. "I who am about to die, salute yon."
Merely Common Senie.
Before a rich man casts bread on
the political waters he should know
whether the tide is coming in or go
Not a Chance.
"Beans and cabbages are now seek
ing a, place in the sun, but the beetles
and cut worms have formed an alli
ance against them.
Reed has purchased some acreage lor better positions. No better perhaps
berry raising. Thlre is a dispute as than she would the suggestion that
to which is the best locality for she find equally honorable service,
growing the loganberries, but appar- better paid, st?adfer, and.lc-ss isolated
ently any locality in the Willamette is in tho kitchen of some Portland home
good, and so is the moist country where an overworked wife and
along the coast, where the moisture mother is trying to keep her home
makes the tarries larger and juicier up to American standards, end where
and, of course, weigh more. too, Mrs. Steno would be more likely
" to learn things of value to her in
State Senator Strayer of Baker, who her vocation as wife when she ouits
opposed the repeal of the specific I her present avocation, than would
gravity law in the 1920 special ses
sion, is at the Imperial. He says he
doesn't see yet why there should be
a repeal of the law, albeit the statute
is suspended. "The law is suspended.
and there is more trouble in getting
gasoline now than there was before,"
contends the senator. "I notice that
Lx-Soldier on the farm unless he
expects to be a farmer.
When a woman ettacks American
conventions generally, she is allow
ing herself to bs carried away by
personal feeling. What is "common
decency" but compliance with "con
ventions"? If she will stop to ana-
Pansies for Thought.
By Ciraee I'- Hall.
of the people.
.... But it is inevitable that out of the
grand council of the party's repre
-"sentatives will spring one or more
-men whom the delegates will recog-
-nize as having the qualities of lead
ership. Changes in method of elect
ing delegates have not removed the
need of such men, and the events of
the next few days will be a testing
process by which such men will be
discovered and put in the front rank.
Democratic government can not be
run without parties, or parties with
out leaders, but those of the future
will be of a new type. Those of the
past were too disposed to dictate and
intrigue in the interest of particular
candidates and interests; those of the
future must read the minds of the
several elements of the party and
must bring them into agreement on
men and measures. This is the year
of a great revival of faith in repub
lican principles, and it will surely
bring to the front men who can in
terpret the will of the party.
will arise" before the issue of federal
prohibition enforcement is settled in
all its intricacies, it will hardly be
assumed that the opponents of the
principle have deliberately withheld
anjr ammunition that they believed
would be effective So vital was tne
decision which was rendered yester
day regarded that on a mere rumor
a few weeks ago that the court had
held against the one-half of 1 pep
cent feature of the "Volstead bill the
New York market for moonshine
whisky collapsed completely.
The various cases just decided
cover a good deal of ground, includ
ing issues on which the attackers of
the law based their hopes. The fed
eral authority has been upheld; the
question of the referendum already
had been disposed of in the Ohio
cases, one of which concerned the
suffrage amendment; just what con
stitutes a "two-thirds vote" of the
house is defined; and it is made clear
that the allusion to "concurrent
power" in the federal amendment
permits no inference that a state may
nullify the amendment by inaction
or evasion. The latter point is a
matter of interest also to suffragists
who may have been alarmed by the
vantage of the rights given them by 1 lr any give affront. A totem is just
the constitution and laws. They use I wnat you make it, anyhow.
every technicality of the law in order
to escape its penalties. A number of I President Wilson gave as his rea
I. W..W. are nov in jail in Portland I son for not signing the water power
Flaneur. As they were making the
rounds of the sights, the alarm bells
suddenly rang out. The garrison, ln
response, was at once turned out.
Gates and doors were barred and
bolted. Police, yeomen of the guard,,
and soldiers looked very serious. Yet
wno delay tlieir trial because they Dill and other important measures
refuse to accept any attorney whom I that he didn't have time to investi-
the court may appoint to defend I gate them. What's taking- his time 1 they knew no more of what had hap
them but insist on waiting till Mr. now? He doesn't have to write anv I Pened than did .the sightseers. Had
Vanderveer can conduct their cases. I more sharp notes to Carranm ' I the inscriptions been stolen from the
Deportation has been evaded :by re
sort to technical points in the law. Secretary Colbv has anninH, to
California, where they havn't the I lyze her thoughts and feelings she
specific gravity law. an official inves- I will find that slie has not expressed
tigation has been ordered as to why I more than a transient desire to
there should suddenly develop such a I wallop one who did so much as sug-
remarkable shortage." I gest a curtailment of privileges
granted bv American convention.
Ward Mayer, who is in the lumber Through convention, the American
business at Nehalem, Or., is an arrival woman enjoys a position of vantage
at the Imperial. Although lumbering over her men possessed by the wo-
has -been going on for many years in men of no other country. Most wo-
the Nehalem country, the industry men use it wisely and tread on our
has scarcely made a dent in the for- necks in a fashion we both admire
ests, and there are still enough trees I and approve. It is only when seme
standing to furnish cargoes for an I woman, anxious for the plaudits of
immense neei or windjammers, some ner equals, treads unieelingly on us
A million sweet-faced pansies upon a
Kach piquant, nodding blossom with
bright distinctive hue.
And ever were these faces turned to
ward the ardent sun,
Responsive to his fervor that thrilled
them one by one.
Like man within a throne-room, each
bowed before the king.
in silent adoration like listening
With blossom faces turning toward
something in the sky.
And tender tendrils yearning for
growth as time went by.
I took the silent message as I -went
on my way,
'Twill help me to remember when
hours are drear and gray:
We share the golden sunshine, and
line pansies on the sod
We too shall grow in beauty by look
ing up toward God.
Boveiimieiu ta icquirea to prove ureat Britain for the hnmint- e Q
that a man is an alien and has not British flag by Irish women sympa
been naturalized. In many cases it thizers. Mr. r.nihv h. hMn
can obtain this evidence from no Ugist so long for the Wilson adminisl
SF'ouu " " accused, uui tration that he ought to be able to 1 "he prosaic soul wondered; when, or
satisfy jne uritisn.'.-
Beauchamp tower? What of the
crown Jewels and a second Colonel
Blood? For some time innocence was
startled out of its wits, and authority
sorely puzzled. Some even tried to
experience the bitterness of Raleigh.
LESSONS OF AN AIR VOYAGE.
The director of one of the aerial
expeditions which competed in the I opinion of the Massachusetts attor
flight from Cairo to Cape Town, I ney-general that a -federal amend
across the entire length of Africa, I merit required' positive legislation to
made the point in a speech at Lon- I make it operative
don the other day that, since the The people who voted for "prohi-
war is over, the airplane is more bition" wanted prohibition of liquor
than ever likely to become import- that intoxicates, and they will have
ant in the advancement of broad I their way. No quibbling will avail
scientific knowledge. Particularly I them. The question, "when is a man
from the point of view of physical drunk?" was pretty well settled be-
geography and geology enormous I fore the Volstead bill was passed
possibilities have already been! The one-half of 1 per cent provision
shown. The speaker, Dr. Chalmers I of the bill was adopted with deliber
Mitchell, made an interesting com-1 ation. The line had to be drawn
Ke cannot be compelled to- testify.
But when the law is violated by
those who arrest them and guard
them in prison, the reds are loud
in denunciation of any illegality
or ill-treatment. On their behalf
a committee- of lawyers has' made
-report upon tne illegal prac
tices of the United States depart
ment of justice""- which has been
published by the National Popular
Government league. Among the
signers are such well-known radicals
as Felix Frankfurter and Frank P.
Walsh. If the statements which it
contains are true, serious abuses have
marked the raids on communists and
W". W. during the last six months.
iney include beating of prisoners,
if, at aH, it would be released. The
romantic one dreaded a sordid es-
day great quantities of the forest
products will go to sea by way of
Nehalem bay, on the improvement of,
which thousands of dollars have al
ready been spent in the construction
of north and south jetties.
I lost a chance to make some
money." confesses Carl Shoemaker,
executive secretary of the fish com
mission, in British Columbia an
American dollar is worth $1,115, and
I had spent considerable change be
fore learning of the difference in
values. When the discovery became!
or kicks out a tooth or- two. that
some" begin to think of importing
French brides, or going to France to
marry a woman who will rule us
with proper finesse.
OPPOSITION WIDELY SCATTERED
The circulation of "the Coneres caPe- of course, in the end prose known. Ed Clanton and I swapped our
. - vuiig.ca I , . , . . ... 1 I'ncle S.;i in Hollars for the f-n9dinn.
sional Record is to be curtailed be- won, and poetry lost. A working man
cause of the paper shortage. It inadvertantly had meddled with the
would be better yet to curtail thelwire' and electricity had done the
speeches that fill up the Record he-I rest. Such
pari son when he said:
.n- Those who happen to work with .the
microscope know that you must not begin
with a very nigh power. It you put on
a high power you cannot understand the
- thing- properly, lou are looking too close
ly at it. and seeing too little of it at once.
From the point of view of knowledge of
the. surface of the earth exploration has
somewhere, and congress, following
the example of many of the prohibi
tion states, kept on the safe side. Its
right to do so seems to have been
confirmed. The decision that the
federal amendment cannot be nulli
fied by inaction runs against suppo-
been conducted under these conditions of I sition that states can evade it by fix
high power, and not enough has been I ing a substantially hie-her limit sav
r i ql i u e in i hi kudui wiem. I a T c
tv h,n vmi are no In the air von cr-t i 1 "' "
view of a large tract of country and un-1 as a matter of fact, the members
derstand things that are impossible to of the court probably are not insen
sibie to the consideration that efforts
to legalize beverages of higher alco
i holic content are evasive only. It
may not be a legal argument, but it
is a subject for judicial notice, that
the fight to get more alcohol into the
drink is a fight to obtain drink with
a "kick" id it. It is possible to pro
cause of the gas shortage.
The highest body in the land says
all the prohibition laws are constitu
tional. That settles that, and the
man who cannot get along here with
out his "firewater" may as well emigrate.
In the results of a raid were dice
I loaded to throw sevens and elevens.
underfeeding, crowding in narrow yet men knowing the possibility buck
cells and corridors without places to tne eame. iot all the games are
sleep, bribery, seizure of papers with- eu wnn me cuDes, euner.
out search warrant and destruction
of property, robbery and extortion. The spectacle- of William Hale
Among the thousands who have been Thompson, mayor of Chicago, be-
arrested in the last six months, the coming virtuous over politics is
number who have thus suffered may enough to make the gods in their
De lew, out it is the duty of Attor- n,5" places laugn,
ney-General Palmer to discipline and
discharge any of his agents who have -Mr- Rompers and Governor Allen
life. But the occurance
at least did prove one thing: the
tower alarms were in splendid work
The last Arctic "sea cow" was seen
in 1854 about .a century after the
first discovery of the species by white
men. When full grown the creature
weighed as much as 8000 pounds.
These animals frequented shallows at
the mouths of rivers in herds, and
while feeding they drove before them
their young, to protect the latter
from danger. So tame were they that
one could stroke their backs without
objection on their part. Unfortunate
ly their flesh "was good to eat. re
sembling beef. Whalers got in the
Uncle Sam dollars for the Canadian.
and it made our expense money go
further. But we spent every cent of
the Canadian money before returning
home, for even on the -dining car the
Canadian change is discounted."
Jason C. Moore is at the Hotel Ore
gon from Summer Lake, Or. Mr.
Moore created a sensation in Oregon
a few years by proposing to pump
the water from Summer lake down
the Deschutes to a plant near the
Columbia river, where the minerals
would be extracted. At that time
there were thousands of unemployed
men in the state and they were all
praying that Mr. Moore's scheme
would materialize so that they could
get a job. The pipeline hasn't been
For eight years or so James Holman
has been justice of the peace at
Grants Pass, and he has been a mem
ber of the G. A. R. longer than that.
way of depending on them for stores I Mr. Holman passed through Portland
of fresh meat, and so, in the natural
course of events, they were wiped out.
been guilty. The law ; cannot be vin- settle nothing in debating the right Illinois' oldest woman Mrs. An
dicated by its violation.
to strike. Only the supreme court toinette Smith of Springfield, 108
understand from mere observation of tha
" " surface ot the earth. Ton have an oppor-
tunity of seeing the general lie or th
country, the strike of geological forcea,
-;-and of understanding a very large number
.". f physical features which are impossible
.t ... to understand ln any oiner way. i n
no doubt whatever that there is a very
' large, future for geology and . geography
- ln their widest sense in the us or air
V -' Planes.
Early maps of the Oregon coun- I cure an array of witnesses to swear
"".. .' try testify to the handicaps under I that they have drunk "2.75 beer" and
.-r - which explorers employing the high-I have not been stimulated, but it i
r "powered method labored in an ear- I true nevertheless that if it were not
,- -llier- era of exploration. Pioneer I for belief that it is productive of at
- - cartographers of the .Hudson's Bay I least mild exhilaration nobody would
ZZZZ company were under the impression concern himself in the least about it.
rtL' that the Pacific ocean was within I The jurisdiction of congress being
.a few days march of the Red River I upneio, ana concurrent power be-
of the Northi Fraser river was long I ing declared not to mean "joint
'?.-. -.1 confounded with-the Columbia, and I power" and not to depend on state
- there are writings extant in which I approval of the congressional stan-
tr.the Willamette river is extolled for card, it will appear that the 2.75
HEX'" its future importance as a means
... of communication with Louisiana.
The errors of the early charts,
" " wliich now seem grotesque, were the
J, ' natural ' product of the means of
- travel available at the time they
; . : were drawn. It. required two
. hundred years of piecemeal explor-
ation to disclose the relationship of
vast waterway systems and great
' mountain ranges. Discovery on the
', -"'recent trans-African flight of a vol
!. canic area north of Khartum in a
region where the existence of volcan-
- -r- oes had hitherto been unknown and
a new glimpse of an expansion of
. the Great Rift valley in its rela
tionship to the course of the Nile
may represent the equivalent, in un
-"'. derstanding of the map of Africa,
." of a century of exploration under
the methods of only a hundred years
Of particular interest is the con-
elusion of the aviators participating
-in the historic African expedition
that future contributions of aviation
to science as a whole depend largely
It is a typically bolshevist proceed- i can do tnat ani that body is liable
ing that those who repudiate the ob- IO spat wide on it.
ligations of the constitution and who
aim to destroy it by revolution are I Zion City, of all places, poured
most exacting in their demand for all 7000 gallons of Milwaukee beer into
the fights which It grants. To the a. sewer yesterday! But the holy city
average, man jt appears that those cannot appreciate anything like that
who claim the protection of the con- beer.
strtution should accept its ob-liuations
and that when they repudiate the If the government really wants to
obligation they are in no position to convict Jack Dempsey It would be a
assert their rights. Yet so much does I good plan to get Jess Willard as
tne law lean to the side of the ac- foreman of the jury.
cusea that it throws its safeguards
around those who refuse to obev it I Everybody is born in this eountrv
and public opinion will approve it by to know the flag, but few know how 1 to
uunuemning any -officers of the law
who violate this principle.
wants to know if God has forgotten
her. She believes he has, for she
wants to die. To her life is a trial.
In the day before she celebrated
her 108th birthday, she said:
"God has forgotten I'm here."
Prohibition was a blow to Mrs.
Smith. It took away regular libations
of wine in which- she indulged. Chi
The name "shin plaster" was ap
plied to all rorms or currency issued
by the United States government dur-
ng the civil war, but more especially
the notes for less than i. iney
to treat it. Study the rules and keep wern. and are redeemed by the govern-
it right side up. I ment on presentation. Several million
dollars of them are still crutstanding
yesterday on his way to attend the
G. A. R. convention. He moved to
Grants Pass in 1892, and before that
he lived at Sellwood. Mr. Holman de
clares that he was one of the two men
who rode on the first streetcar run
ning between Sellwood and Portland.
hosts have been routed, along with
those who counted on complete over
turn of the federal prohibition prin
Probably the questions which it is
expected will arise in the future will
be chiefly those minor ones of ad
ministration, penalty and methods of
enforcement. The larger issues seem
to have been disposed of, with com
mendable brevity, by the opinion of
the highest court in the land.
The keynote of many of th recent
religious movements has been ' ten
dency to rely on the laymen of the
church more than ever and to culti
vate the interest of church members
by putting them to work, rather than
by continuing them as a mere gov
erning body which regarded its work
as largely done when it had chosen
a pastor and provided more or less
perfunctorily for his support. ' This
has been manifest throughout the
various onves tnat nave been con
AFTER ALL THESE TEAKS. -"He,
the symbol of America, em
blem of. our might.' emblazoned on
our shield, (and our money!), sat
like a -carved image 890 feet above
the rippling brown ribbon of the
river watching for a dead" fish!"
Walter Prichard Eaton " tollor of
short stories and .naturalist of in- speeches
sight and sympathy, wrote those lines
of the bald eagle.-bird of the repub
lic, not in satire but in kindly under
standings thereby upsetting' thou
sands of gallant but erroneous con
ceptions of the feathered thunderbolt
who is revered by. the American
And while prohibiting automobile and are carried on the national treas
joy riding in the interests of gasoline 1 Ury books as part of the debt bearing
conservation, aon t rorget tne air- no interest.
plane variety. I
l ney were nanging a man nsmru
Th amo norson chm.lH nor k WiNiam Hoskins in Kentucky years
temporary and permanent chairman. a- anJ a representative company oi
No man can .make two "great" citizens had gathered to witness the
event, writes Bruce carton in col
If the. nrice of gasoline eoes un "Have you anything to say to mc
now we shall never again have faith folks. Bill, before the end?" the. sheriff
in the explanations of any oil com- I asked.
solve the moonshining problem.
Chicago, what won't they do at' San
nation as the very totem .: of its I dry .amendment. But that doesn't
courageous greatness. Eaton in his
ambles afield, seeking nature lore for
his inimitable character sketches of
wild life, however, discomfiting the
revelation may be to a natriotic.
sense of fitness, told the ornitholog
ical tr-uth of the bald eagle, other
wise the "bird of Washington," when !
he depicted the supposedly Jovian
bird ot battle as a petty plunderer
and gourmand of ripe pickerel. Cer
tainly we were more blissful in our
ignorance, and well content to hold
our misconception but the scientific
truth will be served, and science
agrees with the author-naturalist.
EIHott Coues, whose monuments
are his achievements in the study
and classification of American bird
life, and whose volumes have yet
to be displaced as authority, served
for many years as an officer in the
United States army, and was .the
ducted to raise funds for church 1 observer of traits' that forced him
work, and in increasing recognition I to conclusions identical with Eaton's
Bill shook his head
At this moment a strong clear voice
The supreme court upholds the poke up from the outskirts or the
crowd. Everyone recognized the
speaker as Joe Taylor, a politician and
campaign orator. "If you don't want
The women at Chicago would stick to talk. Bill." Taylor shouted, "would
little .Delaware on a fork and toast you mind letting me use your time to
it and roast it. I tell these folks why they should vote
for me for state senator on Novem-
If women are doing something in I ber 5?"
Speaking of dark horses, who is
going to nominate "Pussyfoot" Johnson?
Streetcar receipts ought to. give a
line on real conservation of gasoline.
Now, if Hughes didn't have those
whiskers but what's the use?
More rain? Sure, and "welcome!
The -more now,, the less later.
. Wallace McCamant may becofne a
The condemned man turned a world-
trearv face to the sheriff. "Who'
that?" he asked.
"That's Joe Taylor," the sheriff re
"Jo Taylor, the" politician?"
"The fellow that makes them
"That's the one."
"I thought so."
A smile of peace and resignation
lizhted the doomed man's features. It
was as if he realized for the first time
that even death has its great and
,-"Let Taylor talk." -he said. "Give
him my time; give him all the tim
he wants. But hang me first"
Having studied the dope from Chi
cago, George Thompson, clerk at the
Perkins, yesterday resurrected a cam
paign button of four years ago and
wore it on his coat. The button is
red, white and blue and "Hughes" is
the name it bears. "It's my hunch
that Hughes will be the nominee."
says Mr. Thompson, "so I thought I'd
anticipate the general public."
J. Donaldson, hotel man of Arling
ton, is at the Perkins. There is an
unconfirmed rumor in Arlington that
the town will have a brick hotel, and
the new establishment will probably
materialize-' if the John Day high
way is located at Arlington to con
nect with the Columbia highway.
Andy G. Vaughn registered at the
Perkins yesterday after taking a
prisoner to the "hoosgow" at Second
and Oak. streets. Mr. Vaughn, who
was formerly a limb o' the law in
Portland, ia now deputy' sheriff in
King county, Washington, and has
been down in California to escort a
prisoner back for trial.
J. Doug Holton.. who lived in Port
land for many years and went into
the mining business in Montana . a
few years ago. registered at the Per
kins yesterday. He has been at San
Diego for the past 12 months, which
placed him within easy access of Tia
Juana, where there are races n'every-
Frank S. Curl, instead of going
to the republican convention as a
delegate, brought , his wife to Port
land yesterday and registered at the
Imperial. Mr. Curl has been the coun
ty chairman of the republican com
mittee in Umatilla for many years.
After an absence of exactly one
year, Arthur bramwen nas returned
to the desk force at the Hotel Port
land. During the interval he was a
ham peddler for one of the biggest
paeking concerns in the world.
H. E. Phipps, who deals in wood
and coal in Aberdeen, Wash., henry
Schmidt, also of that tow. , pd W. J.
Patterson. who is manager and
cashier of a bank in the same com
munity, are all at the Multnomah.
Mr. and' Mrs. W. M. Pierce of La
Grande, and Miss Claire Pierce are
arrivals at the Multnomah. Mr. Pierce
is a wheat raiser, stockman and
Charles H. Gram, state commis
sioner of labor, arrived at the Seward
from Salem yesterday.
Much of Marlon Adverse Vote Prom
.'ative and Proteatant Communities.
SALEM, Or., June 6. (To the Ed
itor.) A few days ago a correspond
ent of The Oregonian. signing "Old
Salem Resident," made a" showin
that was intended to cast reflections
upon a certain class of Marion coun
ty citizens and to bring unfavorable
criticism upon fhem. He conveyed
the idea that the Catholic German-
Americans of Sublimity and Mount
Angel were principally responsible
and,, therefore, blamable for the un
favorable vote of Marion county
against the tax for higher education
Dirt 1 think his conclusions on this
point are unfair, as such conclusions,
based upon religious prejudice, usual
While it is true that Sublimity and
the two Mount Angel precincts voted
heavily against that tax. it is also
trtre that oi other precincts in Marion
county cast substantial majoritie
against the measure, many of these
precincts being as distinctly Protes
tant and native as the three above
named are Catholic and of German
birth and extraction. Instance Aurora,
Aumsville, Butteville. Chemawa, En
glewood (suburb of Salem), Fair
grounds (ditto). Central and North
Howell, East and West Hubbard, Jef
ferson. Liberty. Macleay, Marion,
Monitor', Scotts Mills, Turner. Sidney
etc. In fact, the correspondents fig
urea are misleading and his dedu-c
tions are unwarranted.
On the other hand, in the one place
wherein a comparison might be mad
as a gauge of Americanism, the "Old
Salem Resident" failed to take no
tice; that is, the vote on the ele
mentary school tax. and in this ca
the Sublimity and Mount Angel pre
cincts made a proud record (in com
parison with some others especially
In those three precincts the eiemen
tary school tax was approved by
majority of 81, while in 19 other pre
cincts of the county there was . a
majority against it. including the
Salem suburb precincts. together
with Macleay. Monitor, Scotts Mills,
Aumsville. Turner, the Howells and
Let us always try to be fair and
not seek to make hurtful comparisons
without giving all relative facts.
In Other Days.
Twenty-five Years Ago.
From Tho Oregonian, June 8. 1895.
Washington. President Cleveland
today announced the appointment of
Richard Olney of. Massachusetts as
eeretary of state, and Judcon Har
mon of Ohio attorney-sreneral.
New York. The relay bicycle race
between the riders of the postal serv-
and the army, between Chicasro
and this city, was ended this morn-
ng and won by the postal rider. The
ime was B5 hours 62. minutes, and
broke all American records.
Salem. The annual school census
reported by county superintendent
shows there are 64.567 male and
62,398 female persons of the ages be
tween 4 and 20 in the state, and that
enrollment in schools of the state
The fist straight carload of straw
berries ever shipped east from Port
land was dispatched yesterday by a
local commission house, consigned to
Fifty Years Ago.
From The Oregonian, June S, 1S70.
Constantinople. The richest sec
tion of this city was destroyed yes
terday by a fire that swept a large
district. The total los is incalcula
ble. Residences and consulates ot the
English. American and Portuguese
ambassadors, theaters, churches and
mosques and thousands of residences
The ship Herman Doctor, from
Hongkong. China, arrived yesterday.
She brings 400 tons of merchandise
to local merchants.
D. C. Ireland, deputy United State
marshal yesterday began taking the
census of Portland.
There was no disturbance what
ever in this city on Monday when
colored men approached the polls to
vote. This was the first appearance
of the colored man as an elector.
THE SRT'S THE LIMIT."
Afresh, again, anew I write
Afloat, aflame, afire: amove-
Abaft the ship that sails at night
To starry, studded skies above.
I'm on the yacht for-get-me-not
That plies the milky way
That harbors in a velvet spot
Until the close of day.
I'm all alone, though I'm not coy.
I've ample room for two
I'll ship ahoy! with greatest Joy
And wait awhtle for you.
And If my ship should spring
I've dippers at command
But I am sure it will endhre
Until we slip to land.
I'll stay in Venus but a day
And then .111 visit Mars
Quaff" with the moon man on my
But avoid the "prohi" stars.
And when I've seen and had my fun
And wish no more to roam
I'll take a run up to the sun
And on its beams, come home.
M. C. ARMSTRONG.
HOME ACCOMPLISHMENTS NEEDED
How Employed Married Woman Can
Live on Husband's Salary
LOS A.VGELES. Cal., June 3. (To
the Editor.) I would like to answer
an article in The Oregonian written
by a woman signing herself "A Mar
ried Working Woman." I am a native
of Portland and will say that women
like that writer are mistaken when
they say they can't pay for a home
on a man's salary at the present cost
My husband makes $24 a week and
we pay $7 of that on our home (30 a
month). We have two "children, girls
at that, 14 and 16 years old. going to
school. We live in a nice locality,
too. called Hollywood.
The only trpuble with many women
is that they try to make a millionaire
appearand! on a $100 salary and
don't know how to put it through.
If one will spend some of her time
trying to make eome of her own
clothes and hats, which can be done
easily by getting the patterns and
spending a little time figuring them
out. instead of paying $10 or $15 for a
waist that she can make in two
hours for $1.60. or paying $20 for a
hat that she can make herself for $1,
and also do a little washing once a
week (about a two-hour job), instead
of sending $3 or $4 worth of washing
out to the laundry all that also
would be quite an Item. It doesn t
require a great deal of muscle, cither,
because I do it myself.
If women would stop trying to
break into rich people's society and
do their own work they could afford
to give the soldiers back their jobs
which they are entitled to.
A whole lot of the boys who went
away from good jobs and homes were
no more used to farm work than
some of us women, but the army
made them fit with a little teaching,
as also women could be made fit for
One trouble with women nowadays
Embargo on iaoline Export.
C EXTRA LI A. Wash., 'June 6. (To
thi Editor.) Would it not be wise to I
call on our governor to stop export of I is that they expect too much of the
gasoline while this shortage lasts?
It sure would fix things at once. '
Why should we sell ourselves short
to favor some one else? We place
duties on other poods to keep them
out to favor fonie producers: why
not favor home consumption?
B. F. SHIELDS. .
men folks, such as getting up out of
a seat in a streetcar, after working,
hard all. day, to let some poor dear
thing who has been sitting down all
day at a typewriter, rest her poor,
MRS. J. E. RENFROW.
5560 Santa Monica Blvd.