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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORXIXG OREGONIAX, FRIDAY, MAY 33, 1920
X.STABLI8HKD BY HKNKV L. FlTTOCaL
Publlshed by Tha Ontonlan Publlahine Co.,
las Sixth Street. Portland. Oregon.
C A. MORDEN. K. B. piper.
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THIS PRESIDENT 8TANDS PAT.
President Wilson stands pat on the
Proposition that the only honorable
way to peace with Germany la his
way. That idea is so firmly fixed in
his mind that he does not deign to
argue the question whether the treaty
of "Versailles, unamended and with
out reservations, is the only way of
gaining the ends for which
fought, of protecting the rights to
which he refers and of fulfilling the
promises he made on our behalf: he
calmly assumes that to be the case
TCofAiiMn rnnprtu rfeiectjl his, wav to
peace and seeks to go another way,
:; he blocks that other way with his
vptn snri with thst atArn countenance
of a dominie he tells congress that
I to tak it "would place an ineffaceable
" stain upon the gallantry and honor of
the United States."
There was a way by which the
. United States could have made peace
with Germany and at the same time
could have protected all the rights of
III!. II 11 1.11,11 mill 1 tlljltl HUTU .1 Vl 1 AVI 11, v.
all the obligations to other nations
, to which he refers. . That was the
of the senators in the round robin
of March, 1919 a treaty with Ger
. many first, a league covenant after
' ward, the two being kept separate
and distinct. The treaty consists of
; two parts, which have no necessary
connection with each other the
terms dictated to Germany and the
- covenant. After fair warning from
the senate, "by and with the advice
and consent' of which alone he had
'authority to negotiate, he carried out
. his threat to weave the two docu
ments into one against the advice
. and without the consent of the sen
ate. If he had presented the terms
with Germany for ratification apart
from the covenant, there would have
been little delay. Few of the Lodge
reservations relate to the treaty
proper, and those few were adopted
by such large majorities that rati
fication with them attached could
have been secured. The interweav
ing of the covenant with the peace
terms and the president's refusal to
accept any reservations which would
modify It killed the treaty. All of
Mr. .Wilson's fine phrases cannot
. change the fact that ho is the ob
stacle to peace.
The last hope of peace under the
Wilson administration Is now dead
" killed by Mr. Wilson himself. The
. United States must remain nominally
at war with Germany until a new
president and a new senate can agree
on a form of ratification for the "Ver-
; sailles treaty or on a new treaty.
': The armistice which was originally
made for 36 days bids fair to be pro
longed to two and a half years or
more. The powers which were
granted to the president for a time
of actual war may be continued
through that long period of actual
peace. That Is an intolerable con
dition which congress did not con
template when it granted those
powers. The next thing on the pro
gramme should be their repeal in
order to bring the executive author
ity into conformity with the fact of
peace, for they cannot safely be left
In the hands of a man of such a
domineering temper as Mr. Wilson.
NO HIGH FINANCE.
There is no cause for hesitation In
choosing between the possibility of
an impaired city credit and impaired
operation of the municipal paving
The paving plant is now confronted
by one of the innumerable obstacles
that always, sooner or later, confront
the public's entrance "into business
that is not essentially public. The
plant has been awarded contracts for
about $500,000 worth of work. The
work, it was supposed, would be paid
for by issuance of street Improve
ment bonds which are a lien against
the property benefited by the im
provement. A charter provision
limits the interest rate of such bonds
to 6 per cent and requires that they
be sold for not less than par. A
local improvement bond that nets
only 6 per cent is not at present
marketable at par. Unless the bonds
can be sold there will be no money
with which to pay for the paving
operations of the plant on the par
ticular work Involved.
The way out that has been sug
gested is that the city itself buy the
improvement bonds, using for the
purpose moneys accumulating as a
sinking fund to retire other improve
ment bonds heretofore issued. Thus
funds acquired by tax levy for a
definite purpose are to be borrowed
and Invested in a security which is
not now marketable with the expec
tation that before the money is
needed for the purpose for which it
was collected the securities will have
become marketable. It is a specu
lation, a sort of flier in the bond
market, which' may turn out all right
and may not. If it does not It
will cause the city to default In
financial obligations. It is risky and
Portland once went into the wood-
yard business and came out with a
great quantity of wood that had been
paid for but had mysteriously dis
appeared. The city again engaged
in the retail fish business. It ap
parently had a whacking good trade,
but when the books were closed it
was found that the city had lost
several thousand dollars. The exist
ing city paving plant, it is our recol
lection, was to have cost $26,000,
but the investment has run up to
$90,000. It is said that it lays pave
ment cheaper than the private con
tractor can or will lay it. But the
same story was told of the Seattle
municipal railway. It was said to
be operating nicely at a 5-cent fare.
An exact accountancy discovered that
it was losing $500,000 a month.
The city is now into the paving
business on a scale not originally
contemplated. Possibly it will be
necessary to continue the plant in
operation for repairs and mainte
nance if for no broader purpose. But
high and dangerous finance and
undue sacrifices to keep it going to
provide cheap original pavement, if
indeed it truly is providing cheap
pavement, are wholly uncalled for.
lished volume entitled "New Italy,"
in which it Is shown that Italy, only
a generation ago- one of the most
illiterate of all nations, has accom
plished marvels through building up
its public schools. The sum ex
pended for public elementary educa
tion in 188 7 is estimated to have
been 27,000,000 lire. The amount
assigned at the outbreak of the war
was 87,000,000 lire, in addition to
80,000,000 lire contributed by the
communes separately. One result is
observable in reduction of illiteracy
from 72 per cent In 1882 to 38 per
cent in 1915, the last year for which
official figures are -obtainable. There
are none in Italy, as the authors of
the book point out, who regard In
creased appropriations for schools
as otherwise than well spent.
GOVKRN.MENT WASTE OF PAPER.
President Wilson's veto of an ap
propriation bill on the ground that
by it congress sought to usurp execu
tive functions by making government
publications subject to approval by
the printing committee of congress
may be overruled indirectly by a re
strictlon on the amount of money
which may be spent for that purpose.
Evidence of the need for such re
striction came to The Oregoman a
few days ago. It is a book of 834
pages on "Government Control Over
Prices" published by the war trade
board in co-operation with the war
.industries board. As the war ended
more than eighteen months ago, ac
coramg to resident Wilson, it was
supposed that these ' boards had
passed out of existence, but they still
function. The book is a most de
tailed report on the course of prices
and the action of the government to
control them during the war. The
substance of what it contains could
have been told better in a small frac
tion of the space. Iot one person in
"a million will even glance over all its
pages. The book is almost wholly
" waste paper.
Congress is in no position to criti
ator Smoot as chairman of the prtnt-
. Ing committee has constituted htm
self watchdog over the printing of-
fice and frequently objects when an
" effort is made to have some long
document published in the Congres
, slonal Record, but in his absence
some senator secured consent to pub
lication of the entire brief for the
. wets in the New Jersey prohibition
case, though it fills 24 pages of the
THE TEACHER SHORTAGE.
The states which, like Oregon, have
taken constructive action to meet
the crisis in public education have
not been a day too soon in getting
about it. Commissioner Claxton of the
federal bureau of education, sum
raarising the latest obtainable data
on the teacher situation, finds tha't
there are now at least 110,000 vacan
cies in teaching staffs of elementary
schools In the United States. The
number Is likely to be 120,000, and
it may even reach 150,000. Gradu
ates of authorised normal schools
will be fewer by 25 per cent than
they were in 1916, and there will be
about 16,000 of them. The largest
possible number of availables of
which Dr. Claxton can conceive as
coming from other teacher-training
institutions is not greater than 14,000,
making a total of 30,000, or from
less than 25 to about 30 per cent of
the number required.
There are 84.000 high school
teachers, one-third of whom are re
ported as intending to leave their
professions to enter some other
calling next year. The greatest pos
sible number of new eliglbles for
high school teaching is 9000, so that
19,000 of the 28,000 positions cannot
be filled by adequately trained teach
ers. Inadequacy of a policy that
deferred measures for relief until the
last moment is emphasized by the
figures quoted. The latter do not,
however, betray the full extent of
the peril by which the school system
Is confronted. Not-only were there
between 800,000 and 400,000 chil
dren who were -deprived of schooling
because of schools closed as the re
ults of the shortage, but, to quote Dr.
Even more serious is the raoidlv arrow
ing number of sub-standard teachers. More
than half the teachers of the nation
.S.in.uotk are not prepared on anv reason
able basis for the work of teaching; a
reasonable basis being understood to mean
the minimum standard that progressive
communities have long Insisted upon
two years of professional training bevond
the high school course.
Unfortunately for tfhe , peace of
mind of those who are concerned
with the cost of living, the burden
of lack of educational facilities is
borne, by the rural districts. The
cities, requiring applicants for teach
ing positions first to acquire a certain
amount of experience, have relatively
satisfactory opportunity to choose.
City parents know little or nothing
of the rural problem. It probably
is capable of proof that the second
most important motive that draws
people from the farms -to the cities
is the superior opportunity for edu
cation afforded by the latter. Tet
the city is concerned, from many
angles, with rural education. Short
terms or no terms in country dis
tricts persist, poor equipment is suf
fered for want of funds, an unsatis
factory proportion of poorly trained
teachers is accepted as a measure of
necessity and meager courses of
study are too common. Short school
AMERICAN CONTROL OF AMERICAN
Determination of the American
people to control- their own merchant
marine and to use it as a means of
extending their foreign commerce is
shown by their proposal to have
their ships classified and insured in
this country, British control of the
world's shipping business and com
merce has been fostered by classi
fication with Lloyds, a British insti
tution, and by insurance in British
companies. But when it is proposed
to fortify American control of Amer
ican shipping by like means, Archi
bald Hurd, the British shipping ex
pert, calls it flagwagging and tail-
twisting. He tells us that Lloyds Is
a private institution, "has long
ceased to be a purely British institU'
tion" and "has nothing to. do with
either tha British government or any
other government." He tells us that
the sea. Is free and that government
restrictions are futile.
It ia no reflection on Lloyds that
the American people wish to have
their ships registered with an Amer
ican bureau. Lloyds answered that
purpose better than any other lnsti
tution so long as the American mer
chant marine was insignificant and
so long as the United States made
no effort to establish an American
merchant fleet. But we have now
the second merchant fleet in the
world, and it may grow to equal that
of Great Britain. The same reasons
which caused the existence of Lloyds
warrant the existence of a similar
organization in this country. The
American Bureau of Shipping, with
which the shipping bill requires that
all vessels owned by the government
shall be classified, is a private insti
tution, though the government is to
be represented on its executive com
mittee, and its success will depend
on the ability and integrity of its
Control of classification and insur
ance ia one of the means by which
the British merchant marine has
been built up. It has given British
merchants and ship owners a ready
meais of gaining exact knowledge
of their country's tonnage and of
that of other countries, of the type
of ship that is adapted to particular
lines of trade and particular ports
and of the commerce that is done by
competing countries. That control;
combined with that of cables and
coaling stations, gives the British a
great power over the world's trade
which has gone far to establish
British maritime and commercial
When the American people adopt
the same means to extend their ship
ping and commerce, they follow fair
methods of -friendly competition.
They fall in with the methods pur
sued .by all other commercial na
tions. Every great nation now takes
precautions to retain for its own
benefit its own essential resources,
of which shipping is one. When
Creat Britain excludes foreigners
from owning mines in its territory
or from managing companies incor
porated under British law, though
the capital is not British; decides to
what countries coal shall be exported
and generally enlists its government
in the service of its commerce, it sets
an example which the United States
may well follow without being ac
cused of directing its policy against
Great Britain or any other country
helped, but the public, we think, was
the larger beneficiary.
Tho distressing thought suggests
Itself that the "home made" is grad
ually slipping away from us. Only
a favored few enjoy the old-fashioned
blessings. Women who were
benefited by the. exchange form of
philanthropy are turning to other
.and probably mora profitable em
ployment. Trades and professions
call them; clerical work leaves no
leisure for the domestic arts; need of
outside earnings Is less pressing and
even necessary housekeeping Is re
duced to its lowest terms. We de
pend more and more on the baker
for our bread, on tha delicatessen for
our salads and desserts and on the
neighborhood cleaning and pressing
establishment for tha occasional but
Indispensable bits of needlework that
help us to maintain the appearance
of material prosperity. Yet there
still exists an insatiable appetite for
thing's, made as mother used to make
them an appetite not to be satisfied
by the products of bakeshop or cafe
teria. The army of cave and cliff
dwellers In our apartment houses
grows, the arts of domesticity de
cline, and before we know 'it the
famine in home-made products will
be upon the land.
BY - rnODCCTi OK THE TIMES
The obligation to aid Poland to
banish typhus is as pressing as was
tne duty in the case of Serbia in 1914
and 1915, and- for a more Impelling
reason, because, while Serbia in that
period was practically isolated by the
great war, numerous Poles are free
to take refuge In other countries and
so spread the epidemic. It is esti
mated that present mortality Is at
least zo per cent or all persons
affected, and it is feared that, un
less help is given, serious inroads
will be made on the already weak.
eneq population. Preventive meas
ures are chiefly sanitary, but the
problem is complicated by difficulty
of keeping a poverty-stricken people
clean and by ignorance of the masses
of necessary simple measures, It is
the old problem over again of filth
and disease against sanitation and
health, but we are debarred from
holding that it is a matter In which
the victims alone are interested by
the fact that neglect "is likely to
expose our own people to the horrors
Twelve hundred brewery workers
in New Jersey have gone on strike
ror higher pay. That ought to settle
this talk that New Jersey is defying
tne prohibition laws. If the brew
ries were making real beer. I
would be easy to get 1200 men to
ork Jn them for nothing.
The work of election boards is
mple and easy and there should be
no irregularities in the tally. Better
pay might bring out better service,
tiun is impossiDie. The man
who is defeated by a small margin
as recourse to a recount.
A University of California profes
sor has set out for the mountains to
kill four grizzly bears with bow and
arrow. He makes the mistake of at
tributing a sense of humor to a griz
ziy. we never yet heard of one that
laughed itself to death.
John L. Rand of Baker has nosed
into success as a delegate-at-laree
to Chicago and thereby a man who
has battled for the party 30 years
in eastern Oregon comes into a small
measure of glory.
Hero worship got as far last week
in a sale in New York of the n
iser s personal "junk" of a beer
mug for $200. The buyer got it by
roxy and does not need disclose his
Record. A few days later the drys i terms, taking the country as a whole.
moved to have their brief published ! "re the rule. These are conditions
also, but Smoot was on guard and
objected. Thus the wets scored
against the drys. As the election is
pear, this is the open season for leave
to print speeches that are not made,
and congress will not apply to its
members tha restriction which it
tries to put on the government bu
reaus. The waste will go on, though
It has killed several hundred country
papers and has driven a Louisiana
editor to publish his Journal on wall
While each branch of the govern-
which call loudest for immediate
consideration. At whatever cost,
there must be full-terms, with com
petent teachers and practical and
satisfactory curricula for every pro
spective pupil in town or country.
It will, of course, cost something.
That the people realise this and yet
do not hold baok was indicated by
the overwhelming vote for the edu
cation measures in the recent special
election. It is, however, more than
a local awakening, as we are re
minded by reading a recently pub.
THE DEMAND FOR THE HOME MADE.
Closing of a "woman's exchange'
here and 'there would not be par
ticularly significant, perhaps, if it
did not seem to be symbolical of a
general trend. The woman's ex
change originally was a semi-philanthropic
institution, .designed primar
ily to furnish women who had taste
for indoor work with a market fo
wares produced in odd- hours. Inci
dentally it recognised and fulfilled
a definite demand on the part of the
public for goods bearing the home
touch. Whether It was a bit of needle
work or a glass of jelly, a patch, or a
pot of beans, there were sure to be
customers to whom factory efficiency
and formality was anathema. We
got real home-made bread salt ris
ing, sometimes at 'the woman'
exchanges and all sorts of delectable
things that had not been spoiled by
perhaps because it never grew
large enough to be Imposing tha ex
change idea survived attacks made
on it by economists who argued
against the "pin money" standard
of prices. These contended that
women who were partly supported at
home were tempted to offer goods
below cost of production In instltu
tions where living wages were paid
on a large scale this would have con
Mituted, it was argued, unfair eom
petition that would count against
better ultimate wages in industry,
But the fact probably was that th
public would have gone on support
Ing its exchanges without placing
undue weight on the price factor if
It had been possible to keep them
supplied. It ia worth noting that no
exchange that has closed its doors
thus far has dona so for want
patronage. Always it has been be
causa consignments were too few to
make the business worth while.
Women now travel in a thousand
other money-making grooves. It is
scarcely a century since teaching
young children was practically the,
only service for which a woman
might accept a salary without loss
of social standing. Florence Night
ingale found the profession of nurs
ing closed to the better1 class of
women as recently as 1850. It was
a brave woman who first conceived
the notion that it was wholly re
spectable to turn an honest penny by
peeaieworx or cookery. The economi
status of women has improved vastly
since the first woman's exchange
was founded, primarily to help needy
women to eke out a living. The plan
first and last has resulted in a great
deal of good.- Needy women wei
Democratic aspirant for presi
ency refuses to talk," says a head
line, referring to Mr. McAdoo.
tnis is really true he is the first
democrat in history to do it.
Ex-Ambassador Gerard has spent
14,000 of his own money in behalf
of his candidacy for president. M
Gerard is almost as" much of an op
timist as the kaiser used to be.
Both the republican and demo
cratlc national conventions are quite
a little bothered by troublesome can
didates. Well, there's always the
The government experiment sta
tion at Hermlston will be closed next
month for lack of funds, and this in
a nation that has-most of the money
in the world.
Official ladexer of Consrresaloaal Reo-
orm Gets aiiMMO a Tear.
The hearings on the sundry appro
priation bill for the coming fiscal
year, which were made public recent
ly, revealed that Murray 8. Kless of
WllUamsport. Ps- is being paid $12,-
000 a year as the "official Indexer" of
the Congressional Record,
Kiess got his Job a year and a half
age, or after his brother. Representa
tive Edgar R. Kless of Lycoming
county had been appointed chairman
of the house committee on printing.
On the strength, of a remark by
Ford, the public printer, that the
work of indexing the Reeord could
be done by the printing office, with
out anv additional axaama to tha
government, a little unofficial Inves
tigation of Kiess' work was made.
It revealed that since his appoint
ment he has never actually indexed
line of the Record himself, but has
employed a staff of five to do it for
Kiess, according to the testimony
of his chief clerk, has not been Inside
the Indexing office since July, al
though he returns to Washington
promptly at the end of every month,
presumably to draw his salary from
the government. -
Kiess is in the graphophone busi
ness somewhere in New Jersey, and
is kept pretty busy with it.. Before
be went into' the graphophone busi
ness he was a hotel clerk.
The 812,000 Is only an approxima
tion contained In the legislative esti
mates of Kiess' worth to tha govern
ment. Actually be is allowed 11.50 for
each page indexed and 3,600 more
to pay his staff.
A new war between north and south
appeared imminent in the United
States capltol the other day when
Senator. Swangon of Virginia put on
his war paint upon discovering that
a portrait of Patrick Henry was miss
ing from its place In the senate cor
ridor and a portrait of Abraham Lin
coln hung in its place. The Virginia
senator was much perturbed and
wrote an ultimatum to Senator Bran
degee, chairman of the library com
mittee, demanding to know what had
become of the Henry portrait, why
it had disappeared, if "give me lib
erty or give me death" was an in-bad
slogan and many other things.
Things looked dark until Senator
Brandegee, replying to the Swanson
ultimatum, said that Patrick Henry
had merely been taken down to have
his (ace washed and would be put
right back in his place again. Mean
while the Lincoln portrait would hang
in the place while the artist could
give it som-i finishing touches.
If so much as the1 changing of a
jot of -Patrick Henry's hair or a tittle
of an eyelash, Is planned," said Sena
tor Brandegee, to the senator from
Virginia, "you will be consulted at
Thus war was averted.
Those Who Come and Go.
Gloomy is the aspect of the trav.
ellng salesmen who are "making"
Portland these days. Particularly de
pressed are the boys who peddle the
ready-to-wear garments. They com
plain to the hotel clerks that they
haven't been able to sell anything In
Seattle and they can't get an order
here. The merchants look at their
wholesale quotations and refuse to
buy. The salesmen have telegraphed
conditions to their "house" and the
wholesalers have sent them the ad-
vies to stand pat. "The merchants,"
advise the wholesalers, "can't refuse
to buy much longer, because they
have to keep a stock. Keep a stiff
upper llp.' Which the salesmen in
terpret to mean that the wholesalers
have no intention of cutting quota
tions and that the present downward
tendency In ready-to-wear clothing Is
buttemporary. Meanwhile, however.
all the salesman can do is to 'keep
a close tab on their expense, account.
"Taklma Is such a prosperous sec
tion that its .citizens think nothing
of taking a real vacation when they
start out. A group of Yaklmans has
arrived at the Hotel Oregon from a
fishing trip in California, there being
nothing sufficiently attractive for
them in the piscatorial line in either
Washington or Oregon waters. In
the party are C. J. Lynch, who is a
railroad surgeon: F. Cappleman. .who
is in the confectionery business, and
C. Hessey and J. D. Nichols. The
quartet motored to California and
drove back by way of Klamath
Falls, across the high desert and
Into Bend, thence to tha Columbia
highway and Portland.' Following
this route they report that the roads
are In good condition not perfect, of
course, but. very satisfactory. When
they have rested, the men will move
on to the Taklma country to swelter
in the heat during the coming sum
There is still plenty of snow around
Government camp on Mount Hood.
L. F. Pridemore, who is at the Hotel
Oregon, says that the first car this
season got through to the camp last
Monday after some trouble. The road
will rapidly improve as the season
advances and in a few weeks will
be as good as the summer tourists
can expect. With the opening up
of suitable weather the road work on
the loop, which was interrupted by
the fall storms, will be resumed. The
present road contracts will probably
be finished this year and it is pos
sible that another section of tha loop
will be placed under contract.
When prohibition was ratified by
the Oregon legislature W. P. Elmore
lost all interest in politics. For
years he was politically active on
tha prohibition question and - served
several terms in the legislature. Be
ing a teetotaler, he made a very long
and elaborate argurrent as to why
the amendment should be ratified,
although there waa never a question
as to its ratification. As the state
is now as bone dry as can be. Mr.
Elmore concluded that he would not
seek a nomination this year. He is
at the Perkins from his home town
CARELESSNESS ON BOTH SIDES
Instances Cited Where Pedestrians
and Aotolsts Wert Indifferent.
PORTLAND. May 27. (To the Edi
tor.) Two news items in local papers
recently set forth the circumstance
of careless pedestrians who actually
ran into moving automobiles, their
lives being saved largely through the
quick action of - the drivers of the
machines, which shows that although
many drivers are both reckless and
careless there are hundreds of pedes
trians who are equally at fault, many
of whom evidently do not know
where they are going or why.
A few days sgo I waajrotng west
on the Alder street side of Meier A
Frank's when a woman came out of
the main entrance walking rapidly
and proceeded east while trying- to
see the time of day on The Oregotvian
clock. In the collision that followed
har broad-brimmed hat lost the angle
at whlrih aha nraf(irerl tn wean- it.
and she was otherwise disarranged,
especially as to her disposition. I at
once apologized for the- mishap
which she was distinctly responsible
tor. but she was full of resentment.
and, again taking tha entire blame
for her carelessness, suggested to
her that when in a crowd she should
either look where she was goiig or
stop going until she got through
looking. In fact, she owes the saving
of her life to the clreumstance that
I am a mere man instead of a seven-
A short - time ago I was crosslnl
Morrison street from the Northwest
em bank going toward the poBtoffice
and at the curb met a young woman
approaching the street. She was in
tently reading a letter, walking slow
ly. She "kept on walking" and it
was plain that tho letter wss from
her John Henry she didn't know
that she was proceeding across Mor
More Truih Than Poetry.
By .lasses J. Msataxns.
A REAL JOLT.
How eft are ancient dreams Ua-
HOW eft are old Illusions eh.lrM
Beliefs that we have fondly held.
How oft they prove to be mistaken.
For instance both in oroia and
We've read the offspring of a parson
Waa sure, when grown to turn to
Black crime like forgery er ar
son. We've bade our progeny avoid
The children of tha local preachers.
Lest their young souls should be de
stroyed By playing with such dreadful
When burglaries have spread about
The town, and i;i a panlo flung us.
We've said to all our triends. "Look
preacher's sen has come among
. . us!"
B"t now we find the cleric's child,
ior rectitude, wins frequent lau
His ways are never base or wild.
And no one darea impeach his mor
als. He minds his mother, goes to school.
And, hard upon his graduation.
Adopts and follows, as a rule.
His father's pious occupation.
Thus fades another fond belief
That in our minds has been inherent;
Statistics show that not a thief
Has had a parson for a parent.
It gives one very grave eoneera.
Whan r.) H 1 1 1 . i n w . ... .
risen street or that she waa in the gome time we may
city of Portland. She was in para- " w may 00 ocked to
dlse, and her life waa saved only oy That even lawvan .
upset all the passengers in his car
by the suddenness with which ha ap
plied the brakes.
Oh. no; all the accidents on tne
streets are not caused by the care-
lessness of auto drivers or the car
conductors. And yet one morning
while waiting for a car at the corner
Utk Un..4unn T UT a u n, u tl-K . I
ng the extent of the risk taken by 771"'" are going to
both cars and pedestrians, when II summer.
noticed a ear going north on Jfirtni
street at a furious pace. An un- Wasted Space.
broken stream of people were oss-j Prohibition Is emptying the Jails,
..., " 1 .wT.Tuul noooay seems to think of filling
the driver of the car assumed thatlthem u wlth Droflteer. 8
Europe is rapidly beeomlrisr Amsrt.
canized. The Italian cabinet has re-
Sharing Oar Loxariee.
With potatoes at $14 a barrel, the
With 31-cent sugar and 25-cen
berries, the housewife will not put
up as much fruit as customary and
depend on occasional "sales" to fill
Sometimes it seems a young woman
rather would elope than be married
regularly, for the romance in it- The
man, of course, agrees to any plan.
If the president Instead of propos
ing a mandate for Armenia had
urged one for Mr. Bryar, ha would
have won over the whole country.
The population of Miami, Fla., has
quadrupled and more in ten years.
This eliminates all chance to make
a pun about sour grapefruit.
Two Mississippi girls, who a.re at
tending a ytfung ladies' seminary in
Washington, paying their first visit
to the capitol, called upon Senator
Pat Harrison of Mississippi before
going to the senate gallery to see that
august body at work. Later Sena
tor Harrison, seeing the girls from
the senate floor, decided that It would
be very pleasant to have the two pret
ty girls at luncheon with him. He
went to the gallery and said:
1 would be very much honored if
you young ladies would take luncheon
"We would be charmed," chorused
15 sweet voices, and thereupon IS
pretty girls, the entire party from the
seminary, rose up and Joined him.
Attorney-General Palmer, who, In
the main, is basing his claim to the
democratic presidential nomination on
an indorsement of the president's ad
ministration, is following in Mr. Wil
son's footsteps in another way, says
the Washington correspondent of the
New Orleans Times-Picayune. When
the attorney-general entered politics
In Pennsylvania back in the '90s he
was known as Alexander M. Palmer.
When he became alien property cus
todian, he was known as A. Mitchell
Palmer, but now all his campaign
literature is being sent out with the
"A" dropped, or Just "Mitchell Palm
er." President Wilson was known as
Thomas W. Wilson while a college
student, but upon being admitted to
the bar the first name was dropped
and "Woodrow" came to the fore, un
til now it is generally thought his
parents believed one name was
enough. ( It was not until recently
when Governor Sproul of Pennsyl
vania saluted the attorney-general.
his college roommate, by the affeo
tlonate term, "Alec." that attention
was called toj his full name of Alex
ander Mitchell Palmer.
The governor of Maine was at the
school and was telling the pupils'
what the people of different states
"Now," he said, "the people from
Indiana are called 'Hoosiers'; the peo
ple from. North Carilona 'Tar Heels,'
the people from Michigan we know s
Mich-iganders." Now what little boy
or girl can tell me what the people
of Maine are called'?"
"I know," said a little girl
"Well, what are we called" asked
"Maniacs-" -Boston Herald.
by the time he reached the people CoDvrlh, ,, K ., -
th... wnulri hv some, hook or crook l " :. ' "J
ha . ni.r. marl for him to Dass. flioate. Inc.)
And there was. though he in nowise
slackened his speed. His attitude
plainly said: "Hey. there, get out of
my way, you people. Don't you see
me coming with my dangerous
A few years ago I had occasion to
In Other Days.
Those Portland real estate men
111 show Kansas City something
next week, and "old K. C." is not a
back number, either.
When the Jackson club shall meet
tonight all should be harmonious,
The good loser is known by his (or
The list of nominators for the San
Francisco convention appears to omit
the nam of one William Jennings
Everybody knew for whom Mr.
MeCamant would vote and voted for
him in spite of It. That is' his
Mr. Griffith thinks an 8-cent fare
would be about right, and apparently
the voters last Friday agree with
Th joke is on the labor temple
boys with a non-union contractor
doing some of the work.
The appointment of Sam Koser is
more reward of merit than polities.
But why cross the seas to Armenia
when Mexico is at our back door?
" No wonder the price of coap is so
A novel experiment of Mrs. Ernest
Hirsch of Pittsburg, has proved a suc
cess. Two doves owned by Mrs.
Hirsch, after three weeks jof waiting.
became the foster parents of a baby
chicken. Mrs. Hirsch as an experi
ment placed a full sized hen's egg
under the mother dove. A: the time
she did not believe the dove would
hatch the egg and day by day
watched the nest. However, tha birds
alternated in sitting upon the egg and
finally their patience was rewarded.
A "chick" peeked its way out of the
shell and immediately tried to get
nut of the Best.
The other day an Indianapolis law
yer took one of his women clients out
to lunch. He, being discreet, decided
to say nothing about the event to his
wife. But the tattling friend who al
ways learns of such affairs told wifey
Instead, and that evening -toe was duly
scolded for this misdemeanor.
"But you sometimes go out to lunch
with men who are our friends." pro
tested her husband, "and I don't ob
ject. I can't see whyyou should ob
ject. Now, what Is the difference be.
tween your going and my going in
"Why, the difference is in the bill.'
smiled the .wife. "One way you save
it and the other you pay it." Indi
Teeth appear to be troubling a
great number of men these days.
There is a constant trickle of out-
of-towners to Portland to have teeth
pulled on the theory now current
that teeth are responsible for all the
ills that flesh is heir to. Frank
Snow, who used to be able to bite
nails when he was an able seaman
and later when he was a "dick," came
to the Hotel Oregon yesterday from
hts White Salmon. Wash., ranch to
yawn In the face of a tooth car
penter. J. B. GoTdthwaite of Chlloquin.
Klamath county, is at the Benson
with Mrs. Goldthwalte. A few weeks
sgo he participated in one of the
largest timber deals closed In Ore
gon for the past year. ' Although a
small town, dependent almost exclu
sively on the forests products. Chllo
quin Is shipping many carloads or
lumber to the east and is one of the
thriving towns of Klamath county.
"We average 100 ears of hay, grain
and fruits out of Hermlston a month,"
states J. F. McNaught. one of the
founders of that irrigation 'center.
"Land is selling for 1450 to 500 an
acre. This is some Increase in valu
ation from the days when the thou
sands of acres which now constitute
the Hermlston project were Just
plain sagebrush and looked as un
promising as the Sahara desert."
Mr. and Mrs. J, J. Pickett motored
from Astoria to Portland yesterday
without Incident, the highway being
in pretty fair shape where It Is not
already paved. The miles of crushed
rock which must be traversed are
tough on tires, but that cannot be
helped. Possibly by the end of the
season the entire road between As
toria and Portland will be supplied
with a hard surface.
H. M. Wheatley, a merchant of Sea
side, motored to -Portland with Mrs.
Whektley. They are at the Nortonla.
Seaside expects "the season" to be
in full, swing earlier this year be
cause of the conventions to be held
in Portland next month. Thousands
of the delegates to conventions are
expected to make the run down to
Leaving Grants Pass at 4 A. M.. A'l
Martineaux arrived at the Imperial
at 10:30 P. M. . He informed Harry
Hamilton that the Pacific highway is
good for machines now and that it
was pleasant going from Grant
Pass to Roaeburg, a stretch which a
few weeks ago was almost impass
able owing to the mud. Mr. Marti
neaux is managing the Josephine
hotel at the Pass.
Banker Joe E. Roman of Astoria
Is at the Hotel Oregon. Mr. Roman
had an experience In politics and then
quit. He was a representative for
Clatsop county in the 1919 and 1920
sessions of the legislature, and that
proved sufficient. This time he de
cided to stick to his banking and so
the citizens elected a woman as his
Tuesly-flve Years Asa.
From Th Oresonfaa of Mar S. ls5.
Washington Walter Q. Graaham.
be in great need of catching a west I secretary of state, died at 1:15 this
side train at Derry. id roiK county. morning at bis rooms ia the Arlington
l was in riaiem ana mat. statiun was i noueti.
Ian mileM awav and the train was duel
there in Just an hour. The livery- Edward W. Rollins of Boston, prest
man !! that: for rlaubla the usual I dont of the bankiner houia of tr. tt
fare for the drive he would get me I nouinj Hons, and chairman of the
there in an hour, which he did, but bondholders' committee of the Port-
fll tell the world" that a team Is lana i.onsoiiaate.1 Street Railwav
doing some traveling to go ten miles I company, is ln ue city on business,
an hour. Sunoose a man should un-
dertake to drive a span of horses I It is practically an assured fact that
down Washington street past the t'er- zsaya. the great violin virtuoso, will
kins at ten miles an hour;- he would come to Portland during this, his first
and in Jail within ten minutes. Ana trip in America.
. -, nA. ,,), wAr than 1 Q.flOO auto- I
mobiles dash along our streets in the Governor Lord and General C. F.
business district at a lawful rat ""'" a comraanaer-m-cnier and
that is an outrage on public safety. I israaier-gonerai. respectively, of the
Every time a man succeeds in "ni s unru, last nigm maae puo-
n..ni i.tin v" . t rt rrns ne In our uicpeuiion ox me 1st re&iment at
business district and finds himself i" armory.
on the curb he should fsll on his
knees and thank divine grace that
his chances at the Joys and sorrows
of life have been providentially ex
tended. . T. T. UKtK.
FUND ACTUALLY CROWN SMALLER'
Frasklln'a Broural Would Have
Boueat More lOU Years Ago.
CASTLE ROCK, Wash.. May S6.
(To the Editor.) On the first page
of The Oregonion, May 25, under the
heading "Franklin Gift to Be used.
Benuest of Philosopher in li30 wow
Amounts to I86.S23, It is stated:
.... . 1 1 r 11 i I. . . D-a.,lom!n
A ucuucaL Ul I i iJ J '"-I'-i-----"
Franklin to the city of Philadelphia toQ(ty
in 1790 to be used after 100 years to I
Fifty Yearn Abo.
From Th Oreconlan of May 18. 1176.
Chicago. Th Fenian excitement is
on the increase despite the disastrous
reports coming in. There is" rumor
that a large number of armed men
left tor the frontier.
Robert Dally, who was stabbed at
Cliampoeg a few days ago by O'Laugh-
lin, diea Wednesday night. ,
Governor Salomcn and party visited
Candidates of both parties for the
legislature will sf-auK at St. Johns
n,aUA llvino- In town more conven-
lant and render it more aitreeable ... ... n
to strangers, is to be applied by the I it's branding time In Idaho,
board of city trusts to the erection 1 The hills are all agleam with grass;
of public comfort stations. I The creeks are chattering as they go.
Franklin may have been a great And soft mist fills 'the mountain
Dhllosooher. but as a financial prophet I pass.
he was a- complete failure. 'Had he I The camas flower Is blue as skies
invested that 1000 for the benefit or Without a cloud or trace of storm.
strangers In 1790, insteaa or Deqiream. i.s blue as bluest gentian eyes
Ing it, the strangers in tne city i Which turn to ours bright and
would have Deen receiving tne oene-i warm.
fit 130 years. At that time. 1790, The mariposa lilies blow
when a laborer got 60 cents for a More bright the bitter root's aglow
18-hour day, tne tiuuu wouia nave ac. it's branding time in Idaho.
compllshed more tnan tne win
today at 8 for an eight-hour day. . The larks are nesting everywhere.
The philosopher better stay on nis The antelona elide o"er ths swells:
Job" and the shoemaker 'stick to his There's gimp and get-there In the air.
last." a. at. oiAttn-iyc i The boys are chatting round the
i.avr ivomv lgak" HER PLACE I And every horse is sleek and fat;
I aim ovary leuow naa nis strings ,
I Vn 1 V. .. r .. .. V. . .. . .. n . V. .1.
If She Conanef. for Man's Jab She ' V i. . . T. i. - - ,...,
Should' Kot Expect Gallantry. Or watch them "roll the steel and Wo"
PORTLAND, May 37. no tne f.ai- 1 A nule a minute, for you know
tor.l As I was riding homeward this it s branding time in Idaho,
evening on a crowded street car i
began to question the rlghtness 01 it's branding time in Idaho!
the common courtesy shown to My! How I'd like to auit the town.
women by the other sex, namely, the I And "fork a bronk" and let him throw
offering of seats to women regara- His mettle till he settled dewn.
less of age or physical ability.
I am a returned soldier. When 1
returned to our Rose City from
France I discovered that positions
formerly occupied by men were .now
held bv women. And, more than that.
10 per cent of the office force was
comDOsed of marriea women wjtn
able husbands. '
Does not this lead to a conditioa
wharnbv It will take two ueople. man
and woman, to earn the livelihood
f ths family?
Therefore, also, since woman Is
competing with man in his former
field, should she not, in all fairness,
be considered as man and stand In
the street car as men do without the
I'd like to run in on the boys.
And take a "soak" at -"Slim" anal
And add my "six-pop" to the noise.
Ana nunt tne cnuck and feed my
And swap our new lies Just as thouerh
They every one were really so
At branding time in Idaho.
I'd like to ride the grassy trails.
near tne spur chains and the
And watch the "raaverjeks" twist their
Before the branding fire is mari
I want to watch some chap get piled.
jr swing a loop and let it whirl;
To hear former President William
Howard Taft speak at the auditor
lum last night, Mr. and Mrs. Alvin
B. Carter came in from Waluga and
registered at the Multnomah. Waluga
is a postoffice in Clackamas county
and Mr. Carter is the man who sells
E. G. Ames, president of tha Puget
Sound Mill -company, and Fred W.
Alexander, both of , Seattle, Wash.,
are registered at the Multnomah.
The company operates large sawmill
establishments at Port Gamble and
Port Ludlow, Wash.
Mrs. A. A. Smith and children of
Baker, accompanied by Miss Wanda
Jenkins, are arrivals at the Benson.
Mrs. Smith's husband was formerly
representative in the legislature for
Former state Senator E. M. Rands
of Stevenson, Wash., is registered at
the Multnomah with his old tilllcum,
E. P. Ash. who is a banker and mer
chant In the same town.
Mrs. R. R. Lewis, whose husband
is ths president and manager of a
mercantile company at Echo, Or., is
an arrival at the Multnomah.
C. E. Roust, manager of the Madras
Trading company at Madras, In cen
tral Oregon, ia at the Multnomah
I while In town on business.
courtesy above mentioi.ea osing i or see the cook get good and riled
shown to her? AN KX-SOLDIKR I Because we guyed him 'bout his
nelraratea National Convention). I Ah. arrowood's as white as snow.
FOREST GROVE, Or., May zi. uo And uod j in everything belnw
the Editor.) 1. How many oeiegates i At Dranaing time in Idaho.
will there be to the republican na
tional convention at Chicago? 2. How
many delegates will mere De un
pledged? 3. Give the name of one
delegate from each state who is un-
A READER FOR 35 YEARS.
. Ths last compilation gave the
nmhr of uninstructed delegates at Oregonian should roast the tar out
There were still 57 delegates to of .""!" People? There Is never
I .I. e .I,.ii.. f vo, 'w appropriation for any-
siem. - thing outside of Salem but what
eludes a number wno nave oeen in- Marion county votes against it. I
struoted for favorite sons, but are for one would like to sea those
suDDOsed to give their candidate only Marion oounty voters get what is
a -complimentary vote.
3. The information Is not available.
GUY FITCH PHELPS.
Marlon's Srlfishnrss Rails,
GRANTS PASS. Or., May 26. (To
tha Editor.) I just , read The Ore
gonian's statement that Marion coun
ty voted against all the school bills
and soldiers' bill. Now. don't you
think, it about time a paper like The
Law on MerriasTcn.
PORTLAND, May 25. (To the Edi
tor.)!. Must a wedding ceremony
in Oregon be performed in the county
of which the bride is a resident?
2. Is it necessary that the wit
nesses of a wedding ceremony have a
previous acquaintance with the con
tiactlng parties? - P. P. PERKINS.
1. The license must be issued tn the
county of whloh the bride is a resi
dent, but tho ceremony may be per
formed In any other county.
coming to them that is. someone In
itiate a bill to remove the capttol
from 8alem to Portland and let them
know why. Then, maybe. In the fu
ture they will realize there are ether
places in Oregon . besides Salem and
Marion county. CHARLES WHITE.
Mind Reader Preferred.
"Why did you ask those people to
wait. Marie V
"I wanted ro ees if you were in.
"A good maid can always tell from
the look of visitors whether her mis
tress is tn or out."