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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 26, 1920)
VdTi T..TX VO 1 ft .(. Entered at Portland (Oregon)
VVJxj. XjX-A. 10,JW Postof flee as Becond-Cla Matter.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, MAY 26, 1920
PRICE FIVE CENTS
TRANSPORTS MAY GO
OF PRICES IS NOTED
IS SACRAMENTO GUEST
HEARING IS OPENED
I nnnn niun hiam mro
MONOPOLY ON OIL
BY BRITAIN DENIED
UNDER TRUCK WHEEL
SEXATE VOTES FOB SALE OF
REVIEW OF COXDITIOXS MADE
BY RESERVE DISTRICT.
CALIFORNIA EXECUTIVE EX
TERTATNS MR. OLCOTT.
WORKMAN IS KILLED IX ACCI
DENT AT VANCOUVER.
j if p Vl !HT
Plurality Over Wood in
State May Be 2300.
LEAD IN STATE IS 1991
Margin of 1119 Held on Re
Check of Multnomah.
27 COUNTIES TABULATED
Complete Unofficial Figures for :
ajid County Official Figures
for Six Counted.
On the basis of available election
returns it is estimated that Hiram
Johnson, candidate for the repub
lican nomination for president, has
won the Oregon primaries by a plu
rality over Leonard Wood of more
than 2000. It may run to 2300.
Complete returns have now been
received from 21 counties, official re
turns from six other counties and
returns of varying incompleteness
from the remaining nine counties.
There are probably but few more
than 3000 votes yet to be counted.
Something like 1300 of these are in
the strong Johnson counties of Baker,
Clatsop. Crook and Columbia. About
1S00 votes are still to be reported
from Gilliam, Morrow, Hood River,
Lane and Douglas counties, all of
which have gone for Wood on the in
complete returns, but not so decisively
as the Johnson counties above enu
merated have gone for Johnson.
The estimate of outstanding votes
is based on the assumption that an
average of 50 per cent of the regis
tered republican vote was cast in the
So the assumption is fair that the
belated returns as they come in will
still further Incre&se the Johnson
The figures now stand: Johnson
44,808, Wood 42,817. Johnson's lead,
Multnomah Cunut Ch.eclM.-d.
Johnson's lead in Multnomah county
is 1119, as shown by a careful re
check made by The Oregonlan yester
day. This is a change of only three
votes' from this paper's original
figures which gave Johnson a 1122
plurality In the county, the slight
error being due to almost illegible
figures on some of the statements.
Three independent tallies show this
county lead to be exactly correct, ac
cording to the official statements
turned in by the election boards.
it may not, nowever, agree pre
cisely with the official count, which
is taken from tho tally sheets of the
election boards, instead of from the
statements. The tally sheets are
available only for the official count
and usually vary somewhat from the
statements, but this difference is not
expected to be material.
New figures on Multnomah:
Johnson's lead. 1119.
Figures on Urlrcates Mow.
Figures on the election of dele
gates to the republican national con
vention are coming in very slowly
from the outside counties. Including
the returns received yesterday, how
ever, tho standing of the four lcadini
candidates on the republican ticket
for delegates at large remains un
changed. Wallace McCarrint, San-
neld MacDonald, Charles H. Carey and
Conrad P. Olson lead. John L. Rand
who is running fifth, continues to
gain on Olson.
Yesterday's additional figures show
a gain of more than 400 for Rand, but
Olson Js still 1500 ahead of the East
ern Oregon man. The vote for the
five high candidates as far as counted
In the foregoing totals, figures are
ntlrely lacking from Curry, Gilliam
rHarney. Lincoin and Malheur coun
First District Hare Interests.
An interesting race has developed
in the first congressional district be
tween Frank T. rightman and Joel
Booth for election as the second dele
gate. Walter L. Tooze Jr. apparently
is safe. Returns compiled yesterday
served to increase Booth's vote and
make him a real contender with
Wrightman for the second place. This
standing le disclosed by the incom
plote count, which does not includ
returns from Columbia. Curry ah
Lincoln counties. ihe vote now
Tooze. 19, SSI.
In the second congressional district
there ia also a race between M.
Donnell and D. J. Cooper, both
,The Dalles, for the second delegate
itp. W. II. Brooks has a good lea
'od undoubtedly has been elected, bu
Piess than 100 votes separate Donnell
and Cooper. The count Is quite incom
plete In this district and does not in
elude any figures from Gilliam, Har
ney. Lake, Malheur or Umatilla coun
ties. The vote as far as tabulate
Annual Array Appropriation Bill
Carrying $415,919,000 Passed
and Sent to Conference.
WASHINGTON, May 25. The sen
ate today passed the annual army ap
propriation bill carrying J413,919,000
and sent it to conference.
Authorization was given by the
senate for the sale of the old army
transports Sherman, Thomas, Sheri
dan, Logan, Buford, Kilpatrick, Crook
and Warren and of the howitzer
plant at Erie, Pa., and establishment
from the proceeds of the latter sale
of a government-owned plant at the
Watervliet arsenal. New York, for the
manufacture of medium caliber field
The bill provides for an increase of
approximately 42,000,000 over the
house bill, but is $353,000,000 less
than the appropriation for the present
fiscal year. The principal senate in
crease was $12,745,000 for the army
air service, making Its total $40,000,
000. The senate eliminated house pro
visions which would give the army
service control of all military
erial operations from land bases and
would confine naval aviation to fleet
operations, fleet shore bases, training
I personnel and construction and ex
GOLD MINERS ASKING AID
n-xccss Tax Suggested on Metal
Used by Jewelers."
WASHINGTON, May 25. Gold pro-
uction in this country, already great-
ly decreased, will virtually cease un
less speedy financial relief is given
the mining companies, H. W. Seaman,
of Chicago, president of the Trojan
Mining company, testified today be
fore the house ways and means com
mittee. Every ounce of gold now pro
duced costs the companies $S to $10
more than the government price of
20.67, he said.
Immediate passage by congress of
a bill levying an excise tax of $10 an
ounce on the gold used by jewelry
and other trades, with the money so
raised to be a subsidy for the miners.
was urged by Mr. Seaman.
BALL FANS GOOD SPORTS
Gamblers Overpay Fines to Swell
Fund for Dead Policeman.
CHICAGO, May 25. The 47 men ar
rested yesterday for betting on the
ball games in the Chicago National
league park lived up to the reputation
of "sports" today when they were ar
raigned in court. Judge Frank H.
Graham ordered them to remain
away from the bleachers hereafter
and to keep the game clean from
'Now I will fine each of you $1,"
said the judge. "If you're arrested
again It will be the limit. This money
will go to the fund of William Rob
erts, patrolman, who was killed by a
train robber last week."
Some of the men gave as much aa
$5 to the fund.
JAPANESE BANKS SUSPEND
Trouble Declared Due to Collapse
or Raw Silk Market.
NEW YORK, May 25. The seventy
fourth bank of Yokomaha, Japan, has
been closed for a period of three
weeks pending investigation of Its
books, according to advices received
by far cast banking interests here
today. The Institution, sated as one
of the largest In Japan, with report
ed deposits of more thn $30,000,000,
recently was taken over by S. Mogi
The Mogi bank of Yokohama, con
trolled by the same interest as the
seventy-fourth bank, also was re
ported suspended today. Recent in
flation and subsequent collapse of the
raw silk market were said to have
been the cause of difficulties.
DAMAGES AWARDED KING
.ew lork Steel Broker Loses in
Suit in Xamc of British Ruler,
NEW YORK. May 25. "King George
of Great Britain and Ireland," was
today awarded $52,575 damages In a
$1.5,000 suit brought on behalf of
the British government against Er
nest Harrah, a New York steel broker.
The suit was brought for alleged
failure to deliver steel scrap accord
ing to contract for use In Italy dur
lng the war.
M0R0 WHEAT BRINGS $2.50
Louis Pcctz Contracts to Sell 5000
Sacks of This Year's Crop.
THE DALLES, Or., May 25. (Spe
cial.) Wheat price of J2.50 a bushel
was established in this section for this
year when Louis Peetz of Moro, Sher
man county, contracted to sell 5000
sacks at 82.50.
A sack contains about two and one
third bushels of wheat.
SWISS BURIED BY- GOLD
r.anUcr Says Furope Furnishes No
Outlet Industries at Sandstill.
GENEVA, Switzerland, May to.
According to President Sarasin, of the
Swiss bank, Geneva Is being buried
in a golden avalanche.
Gold stored In banks has no outlet
In Europe, he said, and many indus
tries are at a. standstill and the sit
uation la becoming worse.
Defeat of Number at Pri
TEN HOUSE MEMBERS FAIL
Three Representatives Vainly
Seek Senate Seats.
TWO SENATORS DEFEATED
Incomplete Returns From Eastern
Oregon Show Julian A. Hawley
Probable Loser in Fight.
An analysis of the vote in the recent
primary nominating election discloses
that 15 members of the last legisla
ture will not have seats in the 1921
session. Exactly that number of the
state's lawmakers sought further
service in the legislative, halls; but
were defeated for nomination. Of
that number, ten members of the
house failed of renomination as state
representatives, three representatives
unsuccessfully sought membership in
the senate and two senators were dis
appointed in their efforts to succeed
The ten representatives who were
defeated for renomination were: S. A.
Hughes and George W. Weeks of
Marion county; C. A. Sidler, Josephine;
W. H. Gore, Douglas and Jackson; W,
P. Lafferty, Benton; J. M. Crawford,
Yamhill; Loyal M. Graham. Washing
ton; David E. Lofgren, Clackamas and
Multnomah; H. C. Wheeler, Lane, and
Edison I. Ballagh, Columbia.
Hurley Probably Beaten.
C. Schuebel, Clackamas; D. C. Lewis,
Multnomah, and W. B'. Dennis.Wash
ington, were the three -representatives
to try for places, in the senate from
their respective districts, but each
was defeated. Senator F. C. Howell
ef Multnomah failed of renomination.
and the incomplete returns from east
ern Oregon Indicate that Senator Jtt
lien A. Hurley of Grant. Harney and
Malheur. has probably been defeated
for renomination by Charles W. Ellis
of Harney county.
In the same primary contest. Wil
lam G. Hare of Washington and C. J.
Edwards of Tillamook, members of
the house at the last session, have
been nominated for the senate. Hare
seeks election to the upper house
from Washington county, while Ed
wards would represent the district
composed of Lincoln, Tillamook,
Washington and Yamhill in the sen
ate. I'pton Reported Winner.
The result of the contest between
Jay Upton and Wilson S. Wiley for
the republican nomination for sena
tor from the district embracing Crook,
Deschutes, Jefferson, Klamath and
Lake has not been determined be
cause of delay in completing the
count. Unofficial reports reaching
this city yesterday were to the ef
fect that Upton had won by a slight
Neither is it known who the re
publican will be to oppose Senator
Walter M. Pierce (democrat) from
Union and Wallowa counties. No re
publican having filed for this office,
the members of that party in the pri
mary election wrote In the names of
Bruce Dennis and Jay H. Dobbins.
The vote in Wallowa gave Dobbins a
lead of 143 to 53, but the count in
Union county, the home of Mr. Dennis.
has not been completed and until it
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 3.)
Business " World Anticipating Re
adjustment of Social Influ
ences, Says Report.
CHICAGO, May 2.5. A general re
vision downward of prices of all com
modities except food, a growing
tendency toward thrift and Improve
ment In the labor situation are three
factors noted in the report of the
seventh federal reserve district Issued
A decided readjustment of the
economic and social influences gov
erning national life is being antici
pated by the business world, the re
port says, with the situation compli
cated by the lack of any precedent by
which business men might be guided.
ine continued high price of food
is the most important exception to
the downward trend," the review
"Other living costs, however, offer
great encouragement, particularly the
price of clothing and shoes. Prices
of clothing and dry goods generally
had reached such heights as to be
almost prohibitive and the public
quite naturally curtailed purchases
SEVERAL TOWNS DECLINE
Gains Rule, But Some Cities Show
WASHINGTON. May 25. Census an
nouncements today were:
Duluth. Minn., 9S.917. Increase 20,451
or 26.1 per cent.
Columbia. Fa., 10,836, decrease 61S
or 5.4 per cent.
Mount Carmel, Pa., 17,469, decrease
63 or .4 per cent.
Cambridge, Mass., 109,456, Increase
4617 or 4.4 per cent.
Ansonia, Conn., 17.643, increase 2491
or 16.4 per cent.
Titusville, Pa., 8432, decrease 101
or 1.2 per cent.
Atlanta, Ga 200,616, Increase 45,777
or 29.6 per cent.
Auburn, Me., 16,985, increase 1921
or 12.8 per cent.
Naugatuck, Conn., 15,051, increase
2239 or 18.3 per cent.
Derby, Conn., 11,238, increase 2247
or 25 per cent-
PARENTHOOD IS DENIED
Bay City Man to Be Arrested and
Charged With Perjury.
SEATTLE, Wash., May 23. Pros
ecuting Attorney Brown was sum
moned into court today by Superior
Judge Ronald, who directed that Will
iam D'Lois Beslow, alias William L.
Bessolo. a former Seattle macaron
manufacturer, now residing in San
Francisco, be arrested, extradited and
brought to trial for alleged perjury
The action was taken following the
reading of an affidavit purporting to
have been signed by Bessolo. in which
he denies he is or ever has been the
husband of Mrs. Flora L. Beslow or
is the father of her ten children.
Counsel for Bessolo declared Mrs.
Beslow married a half-brother and
has become confused in the men. the
similarity of features being so great.
Mrs. Beslow, on the witness stand,
was positive Beslow -and Bessolo are
GASOLINE SHORTAGE SURE
50 Per Cent Curtailment Suggested
for Period of Ten Weeks.
SAZM I'KAAtlSUU, May Zi. A re
quest that all users of automobiles
for pleasure purposes curtail their gas
oline purchases 60 per cent for ten
weeks was framed today by oil an
railroad company executives and th
executive committee of the California
State Automobile association.
It was announced that restriction
on gasoline were not based on trans
portatlon conditions. But on actual
BETTER ROLL UP YOUR
Trip From San Francisco to South
ern Capital Ends Air Jour
ney of 1500 Miles.
SACRAMENTO, Cal., May 25. Gov-
rnor Ben W. Olcott of Oregon, who
might be termed the "flying govern-
was a dinner guest tonight at a
hotel with Governor William D. Ste
phens and members of the chamber
Governor Olcott's flight from San
Francisco to Sacramento late this
afternoon ended a journey of 1500
miles in an airplane piloted by Lieu-'
tenant R. M. Kelly, the total flying 1
time being 13 hours and 40 minutes. I
The trip from Stockton to San Fran
cisco was made in 40 minutes and
from San Francisco to this city in
45 minutes. Including the time it re
quired to circle around the summit
of Mount Tamalpals.
Governor' Olcott landed at Mather
field at 6:30 o'clock.
Upon his arrival with Governor Ol
cott. Lieutenant Kelly delivered to
Governor Stephens a letter from the
premier of British Columbia and one
from the governor of Washington.
Governor Olcott will leave early to
morrow for Salem. Or.
WINE SHIPMENT WATCHED
Champagne Goes to Chicago for
Medical Use, Says Officer.
SAN FRANCISCO, Cal., May 25.
A shipment of a quantity of Cali
fornia champagne "extra dry," to
Chicago through ihe California Wine
association Is being watched by the
United States marshal at Los Ange
les, it was learned here today, but
both the association and the federal
prohibition enforcement officer an
nounced that the consignment was a
The champagne, which has a medic
inal quality, is to be used for non
beverage purposes, both of these
sources announced. The consignment
was said to number several hundred
TAFT IS AT ABERDEEN
Ex-President Enjoys Game of Golf
ABERDEEN, Wash., May 25. (Spe
cial.) Ex-President Taft arrived in
Aberdeen late this afternoon and spoke
tonight at the Grand theater on "The
League of Nations Up to Date." He was
met at train by representatives of the
St. Paul Brotherhood, under whose
auspices the lecture was arranged.
He was driven this afternoon to the
Grays Harbor Country club by W. J.
Patterson, where he enjoyed a game
of golf. He was the guest of Mr. and
Mrs. A. L. Davenport at dinner to
night and went to the Davenport
home for the night, following his lec
ture at the theater.
CARDINAL TO SAY PRAYER
Catholics Prelate Accepts Invitation
of National Committee.
BALTIMORE, Md.. May 23. Car
dinal Gibbons yesterday teceived an
Invitation from the chairman of the
republican national committee. In Chi
cago, to offer the Invocation Thurs
day, June 10, at the convention.
A member of the cardinal's house
hold in Baltimore taid last night he
HONOR SYSTEM DECRIED
Scheme Failure, Declares Warden
of Jollct Penitentiary.
JOLIET. 111., May 25. The honor
system Is a failure and cannot be
carried out effectively, Everett J.
Murphy, warden of the Joliet peni
tentiary said today.
Twenty convicts have escaped from
the farm recently.
SLEEVES AND GET BUSY!
Medford Probe in Hands
of Federal Trade Body.
UTAH-IDAHO FIRM ACCUSED
Company Alleged to Have
Combined in Restraint.
MAYOR GIVES TESTIMONY
Official of Rogue River City Says
Factory Lost Because "We Got
Jipped and Quit."
MEDFORD. Or May 25 The fed
eral trade commission opened hear
ings at the federal building at 10
o'clock this morning on a charge of
conspiracy in restraint of trade
against the Utah-Idaho Sugar com
pany of Salt Lake City.
A big feature of the hearing is to
bring out facts to refute testimony
given at the Salt Lake hearing by
company witnesses to the effect that
the Rogue River valley was an arid
waste and that no sugar becta could
be grown in the valley except on
Another feature is to ascertain all
facts as to why the sugar beet 'fac
tory of the company was located at
Grants Pass instead of Medford and
eventually dismantled and moved to
Toppenish. Wash., because the com
paiy claimed not enough beets could
be grown in the valley, and still a
third feature Is to learn facts con
cerning George E. Sanders' connec
tion with having the factory located
at Grants Pass.
Mayor Gates on Stand.
Mayor Gates was on the witness
stand this afternoon In response to
the question of whgr Medford- did not
get the sugar factory. He said: We
got jipped and quit." He testified
.that when the proposition ' was
broached by the company's represen
tatives, Alexander Nibley and Frank
Bramwell, to establish a sugar beet
factory in the valley, they stated that
5000 acres must be signed up and that
whichever city got the most acreage
signed up would get the factory.
"We Medford business men - had
signed up about 3800 acres and felt
sure of the factory," the mayor testi
fied, "but we could not get Nibley to
say positively that it would come to
Medford. He would only say that his
father. Bishop Nibley, would come out
here from Salt Lake and choose the
location. So we became very sus
picious, especially as we learned that
George E. Sanders, then of Grants
Pass, was deep in the organization of
the factory proposition and would
probably have much to say about
where the factory should go. So we
withheld turning over about 1500
acres signed. up toward the last from
Nibley and. quit."
Judge Dunham Presides.
Other witnesses examined today
were George Sabin and Clarence
Winthrout of Grants Pass, who were
among the leading business men of
that city instrumental in signing
Grants Pass sugar-beet acreage.
Judge Dunham, examiner for the
federal trade commission, is presiding
at the hearing, with Henry Ward
Beer of Washington special attorney.
representing the commission, togeth
er with W. M. Shaw, an attorney of
uenver, nis assistant. Toe Utah
Idaho Sugar company is represented
(Concluded on Pago 3, Column 2.)
Attempt to Dismount From Auto
Is Fatal When Foot Slips
From Hub of Wheel.
VANCOUVER. Wash., May 25.
(Special.) William J. Sommer of 330
Taylor street, Portland, was run over
and killed by an auto truck at Second
and Washington streets here just be
fore 5 o'clock today, Sommer, with
a number of other workmen from the
G. M. Standifer Construction corpora
tion plant, jumped on a big sand and
gravel truck owned by the Vancouver
Sand & Gravel company where the
North Bank track crosses Eleventh
street. The truck was driven by F. F.
Hickox. At Second and Washington
streets, Sommers jumped off the
truck, putting one foot on the hub.
This threw him under the big car and
he was crushed to death under the
The body was taken to the office of
W. J. Knapp. county coroner.
Sommer was 43 years old- and was
a holder-on in the Standifer plant and
had worked there since April 18.
William Sommer was the son of Mr.
and Mrs. Herman Sommer of New-
berg. Or., and had lived with his
brother Adolph at the Caples hotel
since last winter. He had been em
ployed In Portland in an Iron works
plant for more than a year prior to
taking employment at the Standifer
plant. He us survived also by three
sisters Lydia of San Francisco, Mrs.
K. E. Rhodes of Vancouver, B. C,
and Mrs. C. N. Reiff of Ritzville,
Wash. The body will be taken to
Newberg for burial.
CHURCH TO CONTINUE TIES
Presbyterians Decide to Remain in
PHILADELPHIA, May 25. Oppo
nents of the plan for the withdrawal
of the Presbyterian church from the
interchurch world movement scored
a victory this afternoon in the gen
eral assembly in session here.
The proposal of the executive com
mittee for the church to sever rela
tions was referred back: to the com
mittee, together with a substitute
proposition that the church continue
its ties another year, under a limited
budget and; financial obligations.
The committee retired to revise its
report and is expected to submit i
new draft of recommendations to
WRECK KILLS 2, HURTS 30
Track ia New Mexico Is Under
mined by High Water.
ALBUQUERQUE, N. M., May 23.
Santa Fe passenger train No. 808,
due to arrive here at 6:30 P. M., wa
wrecked this afternoon at La Joy, 52
miles south of here, due to soft track
base, resulting from high water, ac
cording to a report received here. Th
engineer and fireman were killed and
about JO passengers injured.
All of the cars were repbrted to
be lying on their sides in the water.
A special train with doctors and
nurses had been ordered to the seen
from Socorro and the wrecker has
been ordered from Belcn, with all
available doctors from there.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
63 decrees; minimum, 41 degrees.
TODAY'S Pair and warmer; northwesterly
Grocer says bu gar
being sold at loss,
of prices Is noted,
Early returns from West Virginia
W ood in second place. Page 6.
"Flying governor" of Oregon entertained
at Sacramento by Governor Stephens.
Managers for Hoover and others tell of
campaign expenditures. Page
Raltroads defend plea for billion dollars
Secretary Daniels accuses senate probe
Committee. Page 9.
Senate votes for tale of eight old army
transports. Page 1.
Sir Geddes denies Britain Is seeking mo
nopoly on oil of world. Page 1.
Armenia mandate to come before house
committee today. Page 4.
Crook county vote la captured by Wood.
Portland man killed by truck at Vancou
ver. Page 1.
Governor may oust corporation chief.
Sugar conspiracy hearing opened at Med
ford. Page I. v
Commercial and Marine.
Wool trading cornea to standstill In north
west. Page 22.
Corn sharply higher at Chicago with small
receipts. Fagt 2.1.
Stocks and bonds firmsr In Wall-street
market. Page 23.
Local firm charters Eastern Glen for grain
exporting. Page 22.
Scholastic athletes to have two-day meet
. this week. Pago 14. s
Coast League results: Portland 0. Sacra
mento 8; San Francisco 4, Oakland 1
Los Angelea 2. Vernon 1. Page 14.
Athletes primed to break records at north
west conference meet. Page 14.
Benjamin -Shannon firht date is set for
Friday. June 4. Page lo.
Portland and Vicinity.
Primary election returns indicate 13 mem
bers last legislature out. Page 1.
City contractors to be formally notified of
cltv's Inability to cash warrants.
Republican county central committee to
elect on June 2. Page 13.
Waiters and cooks demand pay increases:
caterers threaten open shop. Page la.
Mrs. Cameron Squires chosen Queen of
Rose Festival. Page S.
Johnson victory in Oregon by plurality
. of 2000 over Wood is indicated. Page 1.
Hopes and achievements of state chamber
outlined at smoker. Page tt.
Trust is created for Tho Oregonlan by H. L.
Pittock will. Pago 4.
Geddes Brands Militarist
Charge as False.
NATION CALLED PEACEMAKER
Attempt to Drag U. S. Into
War Debt Pool Scouted.
NAVY HELD CURTAILED
Cent of World's Fuel
Controlled In Emergency.
NEW YORK, May 23. Sweeping; de
nial that Great Britain was seeking
to monopolize the world's fuel oil
supply was made here tonight by Sir
Auckland Geddes. British ambassa
dor, speaking; at the Pilgrims' din
ner. Statements that Great Britain
had such intentions, he added, were
completely without basis in fact, as
were charges that Britain today was
moved by militarist impulses.
I say without fear of Informed
criticism," Sir Auckland declared.
that British foreign policy Is direct
ed against no man but is Inspired by
the desire to seek peace, to bring
order out of chaos, to extend the .
boundaries of freedom, to improve the'
lot of the oppressed and to increase
the material prosperity of the world.
That is our programme, those are the
principles by which I, as British rep
resentative in this land, am guided
from day to day."
War Debt Charge Denied.
The ambassador touched also upon
reports that the British government
was trying to pool the war debt of
Europe "and to drag you the United
States) into the pool."
"You may seek far and wide for
evidence on which that statement
could be based," he said. "You will
not find it. . If you look closely you
will find my government trying to
pour oil on the troubled waters of
Europe and you will also find on
lookers who seize the oil as it is
poured and throw it on the fires of
anti-British feeling here.
"I realize that traditional hatreds
and ancient grudges die hard. I think
I can make full allowances for these
things, but I do plead with each and
all to realize that if they have oil to
pour they will" better serve their day
and generation" and the cause' of
all humanity by selecting troubled
waters to receive their libation and
avoiding smouldering fires."
Navy Programme Discussed.
In answering what he characterized
as "wild duck" publications as to the
British purpose, the ambassador dealt
first with the British navy, saying
that while more than 1000 ships, in
cluding four battle cruisers, were
under construction when the armi
stice was signed, one cruiser, the
Hood, too far advanced to permit can
cellation, was the only major ship
"We have not at present a single
capital ship building or completing,
and not one ship, large or small, has
been laid down since the armistice,"
The British army and air forces
had been "even more drastically"
dealt with. Sir Auckland continued,
and added: "It is no business of mine
to compare these facts with the cor
responding action of any other na
tions, but I ask you who know your
selves to be non-militarist, to con
trast them with your own national
acta it you are tempted to think
The ambassador, after referring to
reports "in some, newspaper or maga
zine, that Britain has acquired an oil
monopoly and proposes to hold the
world to ransom," said 70 per cent
of the world oil output was from
American soil, and 16 per cent from
Mexico, American capital controlling '
three-fourths of the Mexican yield.
In addition, he declared, Americans
were seeking oil in at least 10 other
countries, but regardless of those .
operations, he concluded, "you have
82 per cent of tho present world sup
ply of oil under your control."
Oil Situation Is iewed.
"Xow, for the alleged oil monopo
list," he continued, "The British em-.
pire's total production is about two
and one-half per cent of the world's
supply, while the supply of Persian
oil which is controlled by British
capital is about 2 per cent. British
companies have also some production
in Burma, but the total is relatively
"In time of emergency British in
terests controlled about 5 per cent of
the world output. Do these figures
suggest a monopoly for Brltianr
It had been said, he continued, that
Britain sought rights over undevel
oped oil and a future monopoly
through control of Baku. Baium, Pal
estine and Mesopotamia. Britain
owned none of these, he said, and
over Palestine and Mesopotamia
would have under Turkish treaty,
proposals a mandate that would place
her in the same relationship toward
those countries as that of the United
States to Liberia a best friend and
Acquisition Is forbidden.
As trustee, be said, -"Jreat Britain
had forbidden surveys and acquisition
iCoauiudcd on I'age & Coluuio i.J