Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, May 11, 1920, Page 10, Image 10

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    10.
TJIE MORNING OTtEGOXIAX, TUESDAY, MAY 11, 1020
iUormujjC!)ront;m
KSTABI. ISSUED BY HKNKY I.. 1TTTOCK.
Published by TheOreRontan Publiphins Co..
lao Sixth Street, i'ortland. Oregon.
C. A. MORUBN. IS. B. I'IPlSn.
Manastr. Editor.
The Oregonian is a member of tbe Asso-clatt-d
Press. The Associated Press la
exclusively entitled to the use for publica
tion of all news dispatches credited to it
or not otherwise credited in thro paper and
nlso til local news published herein. All
'-riKlitti of republication of special dispatches
T herein are alio reserve!.
Subscription Kates Invariably in Advance.
'" x (Hy Mail.)
J, Dp.tly, Sunday Included, one year .... .$8.00
, Tally, Sunday included, six months- ...
Daily. Sunday included, three months.. -'z'Z
Faily. Suniiay Included, one month ... ami.'
.Oaily. without Sunday, .one year 6.00
j Ija ily, without Sunday, six months .... 3.-
'Paily, witliout Sunday, one month .... - JJ''
' Weekly, one year J-?
Sunday, one year .... 5.00
(By Carrier.)
Dai'y. Sunday Included, one year O.OO
Dmly, Suniiay included, three months..
Iaily. Sunday included, one mouth ....
Iiily. without Sunday, one year ,2
. L-'aily, without Sunday, three months . . l.i.
Dally, without isunday, one month 6o
How to Keniit Send postoffice money
order, express or personal check on your
local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are
at owner's rink. Oive postoffice address
in full, including county and state,
l'OKtatre Kates 1 to 16 pages. 1 cent:
IS to pages. - cents; 34 to 4S pages. 3
cent ; 50 to 04, pages. 4 cents: to 80
Pages, o cents; to UU pages, cento.
"Foreign poatage, double rates.
Eastern litudnrHs Office Verrce. & Conk.
J" lin, ttrunswitk building. New York: Verreo
'.a & Onklin. Steger building, Chicago; er-
ree . .ai.ktin. i'Tee Press building. De
ti it. bwi.. baa Francisco representative.
- It. J. Widwell. . .
any attempt to read them out of the
party or to include in the platform
any condemnation of their course regarding-
the treaty. If the conven
tion shall offer the people a ticket
pledged to a policy which lias failed
to bring- peace, and a platform -which
denounces the action of almost half
the party on the chief Issue of the
campaign, the fight between the two
halves of the democracy will be no
less fierce than that between the
democratic and republican parties.
Schism threatens to be the result of
Mr. Wilson's claim that he is the sole
nterpreter of democracy and that
all who do not follow him must, be
cast out.
" WILSOX AND ClIASlBEBLAtN.
. 1 President Wilson notifies Oregon
"."democrats, and through them demo
JSLTcrats of the nation, that their duty is
2 to stand by the Versailles treaty and
- covenant without reservations. Mr.
Wilson does not distinguish Senator
Chamberlain by mentioning ' his
t: r "' name, but unquestionably he has
"-Chamberlain in mind. He has also
in mind the twenty other democratic
senators who, in the final emergency
of certain defeat for the unamended
treaty, sought to cave the great
- - project of the league of nations from
complete wreck by taking what they
could get. Evidently the president
T is determined that Chamberlain shall
S be beaten for his refusal to make
personal allegiance to him the su-
preme rule of his action. The test
" 1 of faith iu democracy shall be faith
-.' J. in Wilson. .
Z' 1- . There are democrats in Oregon
who have sought to apply the same
acid test to other, democrats. Now
- thev have the stamp of . the Wilson
approval for their course.
Z Formerly the democracy here was
ciivided into Chartiberlain and anti
"; Chamberlain factions. Now the di-
!;. viding line, drawn by the president
himself, is to be between the Wilson
end anti-Wilson factions. No demo
crat can both be for Wilson and for
" Chamberlain. Some there are who
will pretend that two horses going
in different ways can be ridden by
" the same man at the same time. But
now they hajye it on the great au-
thority of Woodrow Wilson that it
cannot De done with the Wilson
-'horse and the Chamberlain horse.
.. They must ride the Wilson horse or
,i.not ride at all. . .
of-HL lr- Chamberlain is a party man
"i with reservations in raver, or pre
- pared ness, patriotism and peace, and
his reservations have continually got
him into trouble with Mr. Wilson and
Zi V- the Wilson group, because they have
J ; either brought him into direct con
"j; ". fiict with the president or have
". caused him to stail for the goal by
ether routes than those which
"Wilson chose. He arrived at the
'""preparedness goal a year and a half
"5 7j. .ahead of Wilson, and when Wiison
-fell in line he. tried to carry the sen-
ate farther than Wilson wanted to
n go. When he found that the war de-
partment did not function in war, he
said so and proposed plans to maka
'- it function. For this offense Presi
(lent Wilson attacked his veracity,
- yet in effect conceded it by forcing
n on congress a plan of his own which
St. not only did what Chamberlain had
"l":;sought but clothed the president with
autocratic powers. Yet Chamber--7
lain accepted that plan as the only
attainable means of effectively prose
,.,,. . ... cuting the war. When the treaty
"T" came before the senate, he stood by
the Wilson plan of securing its rati-
fication long after The Oreconian had
S ' recognized that that plan meant no
i peace a -d no league. His mind re-
. luctantly ceased to travel aloiief-with
Wilson's and asserted its independ-
ence at the last moment, for party
still had a strong hold on him.
5' The president's condemnation of
2 all democrats who voted for the
I-odge reservations will give joy to
y those Oregon democrats who are irh
" r pelled to seek. Chamberlain's defeat,
" ; ,;. some of them from motives of per-
,"sonal antagonism because through
5 him they have been thrown out of
ofhee or have failed to get offipe.
' They will use the president's declara-
r tion to enlist against the senator 'all
'3 those who accept Wilson as the sole
3 oracle of democracy and all who
value party regularit,-above all else.
Whether Chamberlain can compen-
sate for the hostility of the national
j Ldministration by gaining votes of
rep?ib!icans and others who favor the
J Lodge reservations is very question
Jf: The same censure which Mr. Wil-
son visits on the Oregon senator will
also extend to the other twenty sen
's ators who voted with him for the
I'i. Lodge reservations. These twenty-
VJ one are only two less in number than
those who joined the death battalion
j; in killing the treaty rather than ac-
ccpt such modifications as would
have insured ratification. If this dl-
4 vision be fairly representative of the
X division among democrats generally,
5 then the' president consigns to ostra-
"X - cism almost half of his party. A
jj. man's democracy is no longer to be
2 determined by his adherence to
democratic principles or even to the
" interpretation of them by the party
platform; it is shown by his accept
mice of the treaty as it was signed at
. Versailles as? the one means by which
w the United States shall gain peace
and shall join' the rest of the world
in preserving peace. "In all such
matters they arc to accept Mr. Wil
7 "' son as their unembarrassed spokes-
. -- man without the advice or consent of
r the senate or any other body or
I person.
i "J ' The t w e n t y -Vn c reservationist
. .nt-inocrais ana tricir lollowers cannot
be expected to remain silent or un
J - - lirotesllng at the primaries, still less
i so at the Kan Francisco convention.
They include men whose minds have
' been in the habit of thinking out
independent conclusions, men who
r 'earnestly t'esire the same things
; i?" which Mr. Wilson ' desires but who
hava their own opinions as to how
" bet those desires are to be attained.
- In Mr. Bryan they will have an ag-
'. .r, gressive, resourceful spokesman who
; " is especially unembarrassed. Thev
NOTHING TO FEAR.
Nobody wants to send the Stand
ard Oil company or its Oregon repre
sentatives to Jail if they shall sell -in
the open rnafKet' standard gasoline
of lesshan the required (56 degrees)
proof. The authorities are ready to
assure them that they will be pro
tected, and join in urging them to
consider the plight of Oregon and
certain of its industries and to fur
nish the gasoline.
The oil company, it is said, wants
a proclamation of the governor sus
pending the ; law, and guaranteeing
mmunity, or something of the kind.
The law is the law, however sense
less it may be. and the corporation
will take no chances,. But how' can
the governor repeal a law?
Let us suppress an inclination to
jibe at the company's solicitous con
cern for the law, even for a foolish
and hurtful law, and do our part to
assure its sensitive management that
it win be entirely justified in assum
ing that its responsibility to the pub
lic in providing .gasoline is quite as
heavy as the duty of public officials
to -withhold enforcement of the
purely technical requirements of an
unintelligent statute.
The recent legislature should -have
repealed the gasoline act. But it did
not. The reasons were doubtless that
certain timid legislators did not want
to be identified in any way with any
measure that seemed to favor the
Standard Oil company. The chief
reason that such legislators are made
timid is that unscrupulous news
papers and demagogic politicians, di
rectly or by implication, often brand
them as crooked or venal or corpora
tion-owned or perhaps as being
creatures of the "mythical salmon
trust or paving trust when they give
an, honest vote on a measure in which
a corporation has any concern.
In this case the people of Oregon
are footing the bill for legislative
cowardice, induced by journalistic
and political bully-ragging.
German - propaganda In the western
hemisphere and the refuge for alien
enemies and slackers. Carranza's
correspondence with Wilson was
marked by studied insolence which
in other dayc would have been cause
to:' war. Carranza's rule was as
tyrannical, cruel and corrupt as that
of any Turkish sultan. He failed to
pacify the counfry, for at all times
since his accession to power one or
more states have been in open re
bellion against him, .and he utterly
failed to run down Villa.
These are the fruits of watchful
waiting interrupted by ineffective
intervention in Mexico. The stam
pede to Obregon's standard raises
hope that at last the people are sick
of bloodshed and tyranny, and will
accept a government which ap
proaches civilized standards. The
manifestos which the revolutionists
have issued also promise some con
sideration for the rights of Ameri
cans and other foreigners. But it is
unsafe to predict anything in regard
to Mexico. The Lest of which it is
capable at present ia a despotism
similar to that of Diaz, marked by
an effort to educate the people and
gradually to lead t'aem into the ways
of true democracy. If rival leaders
should begin a new civil war, the
United States nay be compelled, for
the tsake of its own peace, to estab
lish order in Mexico.
WHAT IS IT FOR?
The Evening Telegram, which has
displayed a lively interest In election
of members for the next legislature,
informs a more or less concerned
public whom it is against, but has
up to this time been silent as to
whom it is for except as to those
rare and all but solitary members
who are "right" on fish and paving
legislation, it has created a wicked
salmon trust, which has spread its
choking tentacles to the game inter
ests of the state, and hammers the
awful creature to the dust every day;
and it sees in every act of every legis
lator who is not in accord with its
scheme of controlling things, politi
cal the criminal manipulatibns of
the paving interests.
Now the Telegram is tearing the
"ofd guard" to tatters and warns the
public against sending any of them
to Salem. Included in Its Index ex-
purgatorius are such outstanding
memDers or previous legislatures as
I. N. Day, K. V. Carter, W. H. Gore,
K. K.- Kubli, Denton Burdick, W. B.
Dennis, Pat Gallagher, E. G. Mc
Farland and others. ' . Our bogy
smashing contemporary is against
them. Thus it shows that it Is
against experience, competence, in
dependence, progressiveness, con-
aervsuon, initiative ana sanity in a
legislator.
It will be interesting to hear whom
and what our hysterical friend is for.
We may judge, perhaps, by the com
mendation it recently gave the candi
dacy for re-election of Orin R. Rich
ards of Multnomah to the lower
house -at Salem. Mr. Richards was
right" on the Telegram's fancies
and hobbies. That was enoueh.
Here are some of the other features
of his record, as summarized by the
Oregon voter:
Introduced more freak bills than all
others combined, some of them vicious.
Kaoical anti-trust bill, includins dis
credited restrictions aimed to damage busi
ness in general.
Female as well as male marriage exam
ination.
Was one of four to vote against antl-
synaicaiism Din. r
Voted against 'road bbnd bill.
. Voted against market road bill.
V oted for anti-injunction bill, legalizing
picketing and other such practices.
Only member to vote against Fort, of
Portland bonding bill.
One of three to vote against bill pro
hibiting aliens from fishing in Columbia
river.
Voted against constitutional amendment
providing for voting by absent Oregon
soldiers.
Voted against bill prohibiting exclusively,
foreign language publications.
Voted against soldiers' educational aid
bill.
Voted systematically with radicals, for
all 1'reak legislation and for all bills aimed
at business or Industry.
This is the Telegram's conception
of a sound record. So far we know
only that the Telegram is for Mr,
Richards. We shall await with In
terest publication of the remainder
of its ticket. ;
WHILE THE LAMP HOLDS OCT.
The Oregonian has a letter from a
reader, with a request to print, which
it is highly pleased to do in this con
spicuous fashion:
what particular thing or things Have
you against Hiram Johnson? Is It just
because you do not entirely agree with
him or he with you ? Has he ever done
anything in his -public life that you can
call un-American? A lot of the other
candidates are good men, and probably
make good president, but don't you
know that the American people like fair
dealing and 1 do not think that some of
your editorials are along those lines. John
son took, the stand against the league,
on the start, after it had been read over
here, and he has not wavered. If I am
not mistaken. The Oregonian sided with
President Wilson on the league of nations
and advised that it be ratified without
any change; later it changed Its policy
and demanded reservations. .
If I am not mistaken again, -The Ore
gonian, not many years ago. roasted Roose
velt unmercifully in its editorials, - and
several months before his death it com
mended him highly. This change of heart
did not come on account of any change in
AQwBEveu s policies, aid ltr
Be consistent; the American people will
like you all the better.
Much as The Oregonian aspires to
be liked, it does not court popularity
on the narrow and exclusive ground
of consistency. Let our anxious
correspondent take heart of hope be
cause of what it considers ' the
changed attitude of The Oregonian
toward Colonel Roosevelt and toward
the league of nations. Some day it
may find something in the record t
Senator Johnson to commend". We
are not a little discouraged at "the
prospect, when we contemplate the
perversity of the senator in knocking
right and left at everybody who
disagrees with him and everything
that displeases him. But who
knows? While the lamp holds out
to burn, etc. Even the senator's
pugnacious temper may soften in
time. '
The particular thing or things The
Oregonian has against Senator John
son are that he 'stands against vital
things which . The Oregonian ap
proves and. for' some revolutionary
things' which The Oregonian opposes.
It is not necessary to enumerate
.them herein; but:yit will be done, as
ijt. has been done, in due course. Be
sides. The -Oregonian does not like
the ; Johnson . plan . of bulldozing a
political party to nominate and sup
port him, on penalty of . being de
stroyed. . Such cave-man methods
please' some people. They do not
please The Oregonian.
Let us say, also, in fairness to our
selves, that The Oregonian criticised
Colonel Roosevelt at times and
praised him at times. . An undis
criminating consistency would- have
demanded, doubtless, that he be
either praised or blamed all the time,
Likewise' it has approved of many
things the president has done, and
disapproved heartily of many other
things. We wish mightily that, he
had done more things lately which
The Oregonian could approve.
ness in women and ' contrived the
story as a kind of warning to them.
The satirical allusion to curiosity as
the particular attribute of women is
as old as time. As awarning to dis
obedient wives the story might have
been effective in 1697. though it
hardly would be so today. Generally
speaking, while it has been as widely
read as any tale of fancy ever writ
ten, it has made no deeper impres
sion than most of the medieval
legends that have been handed down
in story form.
We can only speculate as to who
the prototype of the Bluebeard was.
He may have been Gilles de Laval,
called by some authorities Gilles de
Rais, or Baron de Retz, who lived in
Brittany in the sixth century. A
similar legend persists locally con
cerning one Comorre the Cursed
De Laval, or whoever he was, fought
bravely against the English in their
invasion of. his country but achieved
distinction, in a time when personal
valor was -not particularly uncom
mon, by being diabolically cruel
The more or less authentic histories
of Gilles de Rais indicate that he
had only one wife, who survived him,
but that there were many murders to
his credit. Other Bluebeard -proto
types have furnished, material for
more scientific ' but less , romantic
psychopathic studies. 'a
Resemblance of the story, to the
tale of the Third Calendar in the
"Arabian Nights" is striking. There
are thirteenth century frescoes in
which the legend is depicted. Count
d'Amezeuill turned it into a charm
ing fairy story in his "Legends
Bretonnes" and In "The Feather
Bird" of Grimm's "Hausmarchen'
three sisters are the wives of the
murderer, the third being rescued
by her brothers. There is an Estho
nian legend of a husband who has
already killed eleven wives when he
is prevented from killing the twelfth
who has opened the door of a secret
room, by the intervention of a goose-
herd, the friend of her childhood,
fatiii another Bluebeard legend is
that of Saint Trypine, whom her hus
band wounded and left for dead, but
who was restored to health by Saint
Gild els.
We find occasionally another nar
rative, which we prefer to disbelieve.
which makes out the Bluebeard to
be a kind of hero, Received and mis
treated by his many wives. This,
too, exists in many literatures,
showing how men may have been
leagued together by a common
motive to preserve the name of the
sex from degradation by minstrels
and fable-mongers. - But - it Is the
Perrault version that chiefly has
survived, minus the moral It may
have intended to teach. It represents
in perfection the psychology of the
vacation best-seller for the matinee-
idol worshipping type of woman,
symbolizing . the perils o the great
adventure, matrimony, and convey
ing with' proper deference to the
rights of down-trodden females the
idea that it is the woman who pays
which, plainly enough, was not at all
what Charles Perrault was driving at.
HOW PI1ESS VIEWS MU.LAGB BILLS
Manx I p-Sate Newspapers Indorae
Tax for Hijcher Kducatlon.
Bend Bulletin.
Either the new tax must be voted
or many young people denied the op
portunity of an education. If any are
turned away your boy or Kirl may b
among them. Will you vote to keep
them out of college?
Benton County Courier.
The unexpected shortage of funds
now seriously threatening- to check
progressive agriculture, as well as ag
ricultural education and higher educa
tion In general in Oregon is due to
two wholly unrelated and unforseen
developments within the state. The
first is the resistless tide of students
from Oregon's grade schools flowing
to the higher educational institutions
through the most extensive high
school system of any state in the
union. The second is the check ad
ministered to increase of taxable
property within the state, as rated
by the various county assessors.
Equipment Greatly Outgrown.
Eugene Register.
Oregon has less equipment than
Washington and is using it 50 per
cent more.
Those Who Ccme and Go.
"I eee by The Oregonian this morn
ing that two men escaped death in
the local train wreck Sunday be
cause they were gallant enough to
give their seats to a couple of women
who had just boarded the train." re
marked J. L. Talbot, a Des Moines
nsurance man,' who was at the Mult
nomah yesterday. Unfortunately the
wo women were killed, due to a
strange twist of fate. See the way
m carrying around this decided
limp in my left leg? It's a fact, that
I was traveling on an intcrurban out
of St. Louis Eix years ago when I
got up to give my seat to a woman
with two youngsters in one or tne
rear cars. I went forward into the
smoker just in time to get smashed
up in a collision. The woman escaped
and I carried around a badly broken
leg for months. All of which proves
you can't always telL"
You've got -to . hand. It to Burns,
over in Harney valley, - a long way
from, a railroad, ready to entertain
all who come to a big cattle and
norsemen s meeting. .. - or years
Burns was "top hole" 160 miles from
the locomotive .by the easiest route
when once it is on a railway line it
will be a wonder if the bunch stays
alive.
Judge Wade Cusfting of Ohi who
wants to De vice-president and gen
eral manager" of the United States,
is more of a "comical cuss" than his
title infers. His idea is to let the
president get the glory of the big
things, while the vice does the real
work. Imagine a president like Wil-
son- with that kind of doormat!
A. tJnicago man wno bad 2000 on
his "sucker list" in the prairie states
has been indicted in Kansas City after
gathering $200,000. For that he pos
sibly will get a few years in jail and
come out with a new fraud. The
easiest work on earth is to take other
people's money.
THK FALL OF CARKANZA.
Carranza'c power in Mexico has
collapsed with a iapiuity which be
speaks almost universal disgust, and
within a month after the revolution
began he is a fugitive. The unani
mity of the Mexican people is shown
by the voluntary withdrawal from
tl.e field of the bandit, Villa, after
leading his 1-and into the revolution
ary ranks.
President Wilabn seems to have
been a poor hand at picking a win
ner among the claimants to power in
Mexico, or at picking a man who
would set up a democratic, civilized
government capable of pacifying ths
country, renewing its interrupted
progress and performing its obliga
tions to its neighbors. Mr. Wilsorfl
aiued . powerfully in driving out
Huerta as erhe who had seized power
by violence and had maintained him
self by crime and tyranny. To Mr.
Wilson's aid in occupying Vera Cruz
and in altcrnatcl;- placing and lift
ing the embargo on arms Carranza's
success was mainly due.
He was rewarded by wholesale
murder of Americans, by contemptu
ous disregard of demands for punish
ment of the murderers, by treacher
ous attacks on American troops when
they pursued Villa, by violation of
the rights of Americans and by laws
I confiscating ineir property, and ry
will certainly join him in resisting making Mexico the headquarters for
BLICBKARD AXB HIS PROTOTYPES.
One of the more obvious lessens of
the adventures of the "modern Blue
beard," James P. Watson, or Huirt,
or Lewis his true name does not
much matter is that women ought
not to marry, strange men, however
fascinating. It is plain that no man
in the prime of life can have had
time to acquire twenty wives by de
voting to each the courtship which
would seem to be decent, or at least
expedient, as a preliminary'to every
marriage, and if Watson's victims
had been only ordinarily prudent
seme of them would doubtless have
been spared. Yet we do not suppose
that the experience of the seven
beautiful women to whose murder
this twentieth - century Chevalier
Raoul has confessed will deter many
thoughtless women from similarly
venturing into strange waters with
out first making an effort to sound
their depths. Watscn is still an ob
ject of inexplicable romantic inter
est to a certain feminine type. It is
not hazarding much to predict that
if he were -to be -released from cus
tody tomorrow he would be able to
resume his-fatal practice of marry
ing without embarrassment.
Th.e Bluebeard tale runs through
the folk lore of many countries, and
is one of the literary clews that be
trays our common origin. The name
is taken from the story written by
Charles Perrault toward the end of
the seventeenth century. The Cheva
lier Raoul, whose nickname was de
rived from the color of his beard,
married seven wives. Six had mys
teriously disappeared and the sev
enth, Fatima, was made the subject
of an extreme test of wifely obedience
and depression of feminine curiosity.
Being obliged to absent himself from
his castle for a time, Raoul, so the
story runs, committed the keys to
Fatima, enjoining her that she might
freely enter any room she chose ex-
cept one. Curiosity enhanced by
loneliness led her to vdisobey her
lord and master, who, returning
and discovering her disobedience by
the blood on the key, informed her
that in five minutes she must die.
'From a turret, however, her sister
Anne discovered horsemen approach
ing in the distance, the tale continues,
and they proved to be brothers of
the wife who arrived just in time
to rescue their sister and to kill
Raoul.
This Bluebeard may have been re
created by Perrault for a purpose
beyond that of pure entertainment.
It is suspected by critics that Perrault
was disturbed by the beginning of
the awakening of social conscious-
One fears to speak of the Beavers
ascending in the tabic, test the charm
be broken. May they stay away and
luck attend -them, is not the most
kindly wish to be made, yet a Beaver
at the top away from home ismore
heartening than one in the hole here
Let Pruning; Be Klsewhere.
Western Farmer.
When there is any thought of
pruning public expenditures, it should
be cut from some other branch of
public service. We may light our
footsteps from the lamp of expert
enoe, but education teaches us how
to make the light and what it con
sists of.
Issue Ia Good Institutions.
Baker Democrat.
If Oregon wants good state edu
cational institutions the taxpayer
must support them to a point where
they are able to meet the demands
made by increased population.
IMsgrrace to Cosne With Defeat.
Eastern Clackamas News, Estacada.
if these institutions are prevented
from lack of means properly to ful
fill, their mission, it will be a dis
grace to the state. Injuring it in more
ways than one; and In the end It will
prove a most foolish and short-sight.
ed policy.
Hit by H. C. L,
Medford Mail Tribune.
It is foolish to expect to pay twice
as much for everything1 in creation
and pay no more for taxes. As the
cost of conducting private business
has gone up, so has the cost of con
ducting public business.
GooC Work Most Go On.
Lebanon Kxpress.
Oregon has reason to be proud of
her past record along educational
lines. The work has progressed won
derfully in the last few years,, and
our state institutions of advanced
learning have attracted students from
many states in the union. The be
ginning has been made, and for the
credit of the state the work must be
continued.
Just Like Stock Company.
Cottage Guvi Sentinel.
Here is a case , in w hich you are a
stockholder. The ' legislature is the
board of directors. The employes are
the state educational Institutions of
Oregon. The board of directors has
asked you to meet on May 21 to vote
on the question of doing justice to
these institutions. Suppose: it were
your personal case and the stock
holders should turn you down. What
would you do? You would quit, of
course. That is what hundreds of the
best teachers in our colleges have
already done.
Only One War to Aid.
Pacific Homstead of Salem.
The one way that the absolutely
necessary financial aid may reach
our- three educational centers is to
vote "Yes" on the higher educational
tax act.
Must Pay for Good Thins;.
Weston Leader.
Oregon cannot expect' to take first
rank in education without paying for
the privilege.
Penalty of Langnishing Collects.
The Dalles Chronicle.
If bolshevism is to be encouraged.
If warped ideas and absolute Igno
rance are to be eought for. if shiftless.
dependent men and women are the
acne of civilization, if savagery and
barbarism are to prevail, then, of
course, higher education will perish
from Oregon. Otherwise, however,
vote for the increased millage bill,
May 21.
Paul Weyrauch, manager of .the
Blalock Fruit company of Walla
W alla, was a business visitor in Port
land yesterday, staying at the Im
perial. Mr. Weyrauch served in the
war as colonel of the 147th field ar
tillery, an organization of Walla Wal
la, Spokane and Yakima troops that
fought for several months on the
battlefront alongside Portland's own
field artillery organization. Colonel
Weyrauch does not draw the line at
being a soldier and business man.
however, and is frequently drafted to
take part in civic activities at Walla
Walla. He recently concluded a term
as president of the chamber of com.
erce there and was chosen .presi
dent of the Rotary club when a chap
ter of that organization was estab
lished at the garden city a lew
months ago.
Colonel Milton F. Davis, comman
dant of a military school at Corn
well-on-the-Hudson. is in Portland.
He was summoned here by the ill
ness of his sister. Miss Myrtle Davis,
138 East Sixty-eighth street. With
her improvement, which is marked,
Colonel Davis will return east in a
few days. Mr. Dtvis was appointed
to West Point from Oregon and served
in the army many years, retiring as
major to take charge of the school
at Cornwall, which is a preparatory
Institution for 'West Point. During
the recent war he was recalled to
the service and commissioned as
colonel. He was attached to the sig
nal corps and had charge of all the
aviation camps of the United States.
Those wanderers from La Grande,
when they come to Portland, are
walking advertisements for their
town. J. H. Peare, who years ago or
ganized the champion hose-cart team.
is at the Imperial and is modestly
asserting that the Grand Ronde val- I
ley is far superior to the Willamette
valley, save in size. "The best part
of the valley," explains Mr. Peare. "is
what is known as Sand Ridge. About
30 years ago, when people bought land
in the Sand Ridge Bection for 12.50
an acre, they were considered crazy.
Now that land is worth from $100 to
$50 an acre." Mr. Peare attended the
training camp at Eugene, but before
he could get into action the war was
called off.
The mayor of Estacada looked as
mportant as a new city hall when he
swaggered into the lobby of the Im
perial yesterday. He has some news
and he had to tell it or bust. "I want
to tell you something." began Ed
Bartlett. the mayor. "About your
candidacy for the legislature?" cau
tiously inquired a lobby lizard, pre
paring to make an -escape. Never
mind my candidacy -just now I've
something more Important. I received
a wire from my wife, who has been
visiting my daughter in California.
and say it's twins. Both girls."
The mayor of Estacada, who has just
been elected to the honorable position
of grandfather, . began humming:
"Ain't It a Ur-rand an' Glorious Feel
ing?" '
Four years ago he presided over
the queerest political gathering ever
held in the United States, for men and
women were milling around, shoutng,
yelling, screaming until exhausted.
He was chairman of the Bull Moose
national convention and his name
Raymond Robins. And the Oregon
delegation acted just like the other
delegations and helped to raise pan
demonium. Quite unruff:.d through
it all was Mr. Robins and even when
he made his speech he was unemo
tional. Mr. Robins arrived at the
Imperial yesterday, for he' has in
vaded Oregon to see if he can help
carry it for Hiram w. Johnson.
SO BIRD EX ADDED TO mOPERTT
How Automobile Registration Fees
Fmy for Roads W Ithont Tax Increase.
EUGENE, Or.. May 10. (To the
Editor.) I have read the article in
The Oregonian to the effect that no
one should hesitate to vote for the
stats) road propositions as the auto
mobiles through license fees will pay
the bonds and interest. You instance
a rran who last year paid $3 license
fee and this year pays
Now I have a friend here In Eugene
that bad Just that experience, but
there was more which you did not
mention. In addition to paying the
$3 last year, his automobile went onto
the tax roll and he had to pay as
general taxes on it S22.J2. This
$22.92 was disposed of substantially
as follows: $7 went to help defray the
expense of running the Eugene mu
nicipal government, $5 to defraying
the expense of running the Eugene
schools, and $11 to defraying the
general cost of running Lane county,
including its contribution to the state
government.
This year his payment of $22 goes
substantially: 68 cents to pay costs
of collection, $16 to state roads, and
$5.34 to Lane county road funds. In
other words, the automobile no lon
ger contributes to the cost of city.
school, county and state expenses.
Who Is to contribute the $22.92 that
this automobile used to contribute to
those necessary expenses? We have
been looking for that fellow and de
spite your editorial, we still have
fears that the old ordinary taxpayer
is the man. We would like further
assurance that he is not really in
volved. Of course, we have got to finish
the state roads, but why not give the
fellow credit on whom the added cost
falls? The automobiles seem to have
slipped from under.
S. D. ALLEN.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By James J. filontague
The present automobile registra
tion law was devised with intent to
return to each county approximately
the amount of which it was deprived
by Elimination of the general property
tax. Approximately one-fourth of the
new registration fees are returned to
each county. The remainder is the
amount which will be capitalized by
issuance ot bonds for construction of
state highways.
It is true that each county is re
quired to expend its one-fourth of
the registration fees on road work,
but it Is to be assumed that this
revenue will take the place of a gen
eral property tax levied for road pur
poses in that county and that the
total general property levy will thus
not need to be raised.
Multnomah county officials esti
mate that returned registration fees
11 more than off-set the sum lost
by elimination of the ordinary tax on
automobiles. In the instance cited
by Mr. Allen the car that paid $22.92
in general taxes would, if the method
of assessment in Lane county is the
same as In Multnomah, have paid only
$11.46 the next year, had the tax
been retained, and about $S in the
following year. The point is that the
greater number of automobiles are
old models and have depreciated in
value. A 1915 Dodge Bros, car, for
example, paid about $4 taxes for 1919
but it pays $22 state registration fee,
of which more than $5 will be re
turned to the county in lieu of taxes.
Furthermore, by the new system
every car contributes to tne county
in which it is owned, whereas in
Multnomah and doubtless in other
counties, about 10 per cent of the
automobiles avoided taxation by re
moval elsewhere after the rolls had
been made up. There is also a sav
inir in cost of collection. Three
deputies were required in Multnomah
to locate automobile owners who were
tax delinquent.
COXSKItVATIOX.
The Smiths, as a mode of conserving;
their means.
Are dressing the family, the chil
dren and all
In five-dollar suits that are built of
blue jeans
And vow they'll continue the cus
tom till fall.
"We've got to cut down," declares
Smith with a groan:
"The cost of existence Is quite
beyond reach.
This season we'll need to conserve
every bone.
For theater tickets cost five dol
lars each."
The Joneses are saving on mutton,
and beef;
They've found they can live on
short rations of meat.
Their butcher, they say. is a price
boosting thief.
But nevertheless human beings
must eat.
"These prices are fearful," cays Jones
with a sigh.
"The profiteer grafters are going1
too far;
We must save our money, for gas
is so high.
And we've got a terrible hog of a
car."
The Browns have removed to a half
portion flat:
They had to come down on the an
nual rent;
With three to a room they are
crowded at that.
But still, they aver, they are
wholly content.
"It isn't as big as it might be," says
Brown,
"But we thought it was best to
live" cheap for a spell.
We will need a big wad when we
move out of town
To spend the hot months in a high
priced hotel."
The . war department'is said to be I
worrying over the problem of' what
to do with its generals. .Why not
send 'em to Mexico? Fifteen gener
als were killed in one battle there
the other day.
Willetts is dead. He paid for his
lapse with his life. It is another in
stance of the human equation, the
fallibility of man, that occurs daily
and all the time, though seldom of
such expense.
The federal, "bocze hoiind' for
Washington need not worry about
the increased consumption of Ja
maica ginger. The man who drinks
that to excess will not last long.
The weatherfolk are tiring of these
pleasant days and talk of rain. If
it comes it will help the lazy man
who has not done all his spading, but
nobody else wants it.
A burglar trying to rob an east
side home fled when a woman
screamed. Nobody has yet" improveo.
on the police whistle Eve Invented.
Debs wilL run from a standing
start in Atlanta prison and a world
that does not understand American
politics will wonder at it.
Our eminent attorney general
should change his name from A.
Mitchell Palmer to I. Mitchell
Palmer.
The public would like to' see a
little cornering done of the men who
are trying to corner the necessities
of life.
Now that the Poles have chased
the reds out of Kiev, the market for
soap in the near east may pick up.
Portland had its Sunday calamity,
but it was man-made and not of the
elements of the uir.
Watson (Huirt) goes to prison (for
life joke) and the hangman has a
"kick" coming.
The president seema bound to find
out whether he can trust the
country.
Evidently the president doesn't
consider "our George" to be "my
Gcoi'iiO."
Defeat Would Make Outlook Bad.
Roseburg News.
Both proposed laws are apparently
needed at this time. The growth at
the college, university and normal
school has far outgrown the income,
and although the very best of educa
tion is being given at the present time,
the outlook for the future is very bad.
Education Safest Anchorage.
Albany Democrat.
It Is through the education of the
people, the superior Intelligence of
the residents of Oregon over those
of most every vther state in the
union, that we are able to work out
successfully our system of eelf-gov-ernment.
Let's not forget it, and vote
for the millage bills.
Not Deaf to' Common Sense.
Ontario Argus.
Oregon is not a backward state; it
is a progressive commonwealth, and
as such it will certainly not be deaf
to the common-sense appeal for bet
ter treatment of its teachers.
Good Investment. .
Malheur Enterprise, Vale. .
No investment will repay the tax
payers comparably to the investment
in better manhood and womanhood.
Old Incomes Inadequate.
Hubbard Enterprise.
Can a nation be at war for two
years ana more ana taxes remain
where they were before the war be
gan? Can extensive road-building
campaigns be inaugurated; can ex
traordinary demands be made upon
our schools at such a time; can state
and county- hospitals be . maintained
at the old rate when our" private af
fairs cannot? Thess are- only a fe,w
of the contriDUiing causes. .
Marlon Opponent Hard Boiled. J
Aurora Observer.
Sixty- hard-boiled antis. calling
themselves the Marion County Tax
payers' league, have arrayed them
selves against any further aid for
Oregon's schools and colleges. It
cannot bo possible that this bunch,
headed by Alex LaKollett. E. Hofer
and Pete D'Aroy, represents" Marion
country's attitude towards the schools
and colleges of Oregon. If they do,
God have mercy on Marion county.
Broad Outlook Needed.
Hcppner Gazette Times.
If Oregon is going to remain faith
ful to her future citizenship and
maintain her place among the states
in an aducational nay, she must get
over that small way of dealing with
her state's schools.
Better Civilization at Make.
Dallas Itemizer.
Perpetuation of civilization depends
on education. To secure education for
the coining generations., there must
be educated persons qualified to act
as instructors. To guarantee this our
institutions of higher education .must
be maintained.
The Robinsons' kids have been taken
from school
They went to a fancy one some
where upstate
For Robinson always has made It a
rule
To finish the year with a well
balanced slate.
It saves a few hundred." says Rob
inson pere.
"And this year I certainly cannot
get short.
need all the coin I can possibly
spare.
For whisky is costing me thirty a
quart."
The Fates Forbid!
If that gamblers' etrike that has
started In Mexico ever spreads to
New York, what will becomo of w all
street?
It Won't Be Needed.
In the present situation making a
law against a third term wouia oe
quite supererogatory.
The Ipward Trend.
Campaign funds will have to be
larger this year. Votes that ouco
cost a dollar now cost five and ten.
(Copyrisht, 1920. by Bell Syndicate. Inc.)
Toleration.
By Grace K. Hall.
We need It so! This silent strength
to bear
The nameless .bruises dealt by pass
ing men
Who have no thought, no patience
and no care
Except for what may hold a charm
for them;
Who' rudely sneer and elbow through
the throng.
With crude contempt for finer,
higher things.
Who have not dreamed of nature's
glory-song.
Nor mystic music made by myriad
wings.
The
earth!
Their
Charles Gordon, William Bowden
D. H. Pallerson Jr. of the Independent
Paper Stock company of San Frau
Cisco, arrived at the Benson yesterday
on their way north. They are consid
ering putting in a plant either in Ore-
got, or Washington. with them Is
L. S. Rosener, also of San Francisco
consulting engineer.
D. C. England of West Timber dis
covered yesterday what hundreds of
individuals have already learned
that accommodations in the hotels
during the Shrine convention are
unobtainable. Mr. England tried to
dicker with the Perkins, but there
was nothing doing. This hotel has
had to ; refuse one bunch of 250
Shriners from a Michigan town.
Game wardens were thicker th
same in Portland yesterday, the boys
being gathered in from all parts of
the state. Among those present was
John Waldron, who looks after the
game of Union and Wallowa counties.
Formerly he v.-as chief of police at
La Grande and he was also a deputy
sheriff in Union county.
Emulating tht example of William
Hohenzollern, Haury Hamilton of the
Imperial has been sawing wood
Brightwood for the past week. Last
year when Mr. Hamilton was at
Brightwood he tr.cd chopping until
his ax struck a clothesline and the
butt bounced back and beaned him
cold.
R. H. Green, who is a manufacturer
of gas tractors in Chicago, is regis
tered at the Multnomah with Mrs.
Green. Mr. Green predicts that tne
farmers of the nation will soon dis
card horses for tractors for the field
work, and is ready to quote statistics
showing the. increasing demand for
tractors. ,
Leaving the wholesaling of notions
Mid novelties to his sons back in
Cincinnati, O., Leopold Rosin is tak
iag his wife and daughter on a
pleasure trip along the Pacific coast.
The party arrived at the Multnomah
yesterday. - -
"One nice thing about Stevenson,
Wash.," confessed Mrs. E. P. Ash,
who isat the Perkins, "is that it is so
near Portland. One can come to
Portland, shop and return home,all
in a few hours."
Easter bonnets should not worry
jlr3 Bunker, for her husband is a
millinery manufacturer of New York.
Mr. and Mrs. A. S. Bunker, who are
on their honeymoon trip, are regis
tered at the Benson.
Miss A. ' Jorgensen, a tourist from
Denmark, arrived at the Perkins yes
terday and after paying a formal
visit to the local consul she headed
for thp Columbia highway.
C C. Cushman is of sufficient im
portance to have a town named after
him. CusUnian is in Lane county and
C C. is registered with friend wife
at the Perkins.
HANGING AS MEASURE OF SAFETY
At Least Those Executed Cannot
Kill Again.
SALEM. Or.. May 9. (To the Edi
tor.) I have read several letters in
The Oregonian against restoring capi
tal punishment in Oregon, unese let
ters without exception ignore the
right of the victim and sympathize
with the murderer. This mawkish
sentiment eventually turns -he mur
derer loose again.
There have been several murders
since capital punishment was abol
ished where we have the murderer's
own statement as proof that had he
been facing the gallows he would not
have committed the crime.
Quoting - from the letter of O. E.
Frank in The Oregonian: "The fact
that a degenerate beast kills his vic
tim doesn't mean that the state ought
to soil its hands with his life's blood."
Should it turn him loose to claim an
other victim as has been our experi
ence in the past?
Capital punishment should be re
stored to prevent a repetition. If it
does not prevent murder, it will at
least limit each "degenerate beast" to
one victim. V. F. NE1DERHISER.
Descent of Property.
OAK POINT, Wash., May 9. (To
(he Editor.) A man and his wife have
lived together for many years and
raised several children. y iruganty
and industry, all working together,
the children and all, a little property
is accumulated. Finally the wife and
mniher dies. Nothiug is said about
the distribution of iTie property, the
children trusting the father. After a
while the father concludes to marry
again, when the right of the children
tn their mother's share is mentioned.
The father consults an attorney and
informs the children mat tne law oi
Oregon is that when the mother dies
the property reverts to me taiiier
durino- his life and if the father dies
the wife takes it all during her life.
Tn the meantime what is to become of
the children's right. Is this the law.
and what is the wife's legal share?
INTERESTED.
little minds of
stings are felt
Like those of petty Insects- that
annoy. ,
For like the buzzing creatures, they
have dealt
Their blows with little thrilla ot
actual joy;
Wre need it so! This silent strength
to heal
The stabs of petty meanness from
the small.
Who have enough of brain perhaps
to feel
The grosser of life's pleasures that
is all.
Oh. give us toleration! Silent power
Within our souls to pass by with a
smile
The aggravations met each day and
hour.
And grow thereby in ways that are
worth while;
The little man displays his little brain
In silly capers, ravings and rash
vow.
While toleration, born of mastered
pain,
Glows like a halo round the big
man's brow.
In Other Days.
' Twenty-Five Years Ago.
From The Oregonian of May 11. 1S93.
Chicago. A etory is current in
women's temperance circles today
that Miss Frances Willard, the fa
mous temperance lecturer, will be led
to the alter by rn Englishman of
wealth and position.
Work has at last been commenced
on the new pipe line of the city
waterworks.
Fancy creamery butter is being sold
today at 12',2 and 13 cents a pound.
' The East Side Railway company
has electrified its Mount Scott division.
If the property was In the father's
name there was no estate to dis
tribute upon the death of the mother.
If the property was in the mother's
name, the property all goes to the
children except a life interest in the
income from one-half the estate
which goes to the father.
Number of Members of Congress.
EUGENE, Or., May 9. (To the Ed-'
jtor) (l; What is the total number
of senators in the senate at Wash
ington, D. C, at the present session
of congress?
(2) What is the total number of
representatives.
3) What is the regular date of
adjournment of congress?
(4) Who are the senator and rep
resentative up lor re-election from
First congressional district'.'
A SUBSCRIBER.
(1) Senators, !)6.
(2) Full membership of house is
435; there are two vacancies.
"(3) Unless adjournment is agreed
upon, the present session will end on
December 1. when the second session
will begin
14) W". C. Hawley, present repre
sentative, is the only candidate on
the ballot in the primar'es. Senators
are elected by the stat at large.
Senator Chamberlain is up for reelection,.
Fifty Years Ago.
From The Oregonian of May 11. 1870.
The Grand Ronde river lias ben
vesy unruly and has caused the de
struction of much property.
Fort Sumpter is in danger of be
ing carried off bv tourists.
The foundation in stone for Messers
Allen & Lewis' four stores on Front
street is nearly finished.
The temperature at Umatilla yes
terday was 0 degrees. The river
raised one inch during the night. At
The Dalles it was warm and pleasant.
-Whereabouts of Ship.
FELIDA. Wash., May 9. (To the
Editor.) 1 have a son on the steaan
ship Centaurus, which left here in
December, and 1 have not heard from
him for several weeks. Will you
please give the present position of
the ship through the columns of your
paper and oblige? S. T. TAYLOR.
The last report received here of the
steamer Centaurus was that she had
left Alexandria. Egypt, April 17 for
Constantinople.
Non-Support nnd Desertion.
PORTLAND, May 9. (To the edi
tor.) Can my wife bring me back
from any state or country on the
ground of non-support, since she has
been hiding out at McMinnville since
January 16, 1920?
READER SINCE 1SSS.
If your wife has deserted you fc"he
cannot ivrosecuto you civilly or crim
inally for nou-support.
4
(