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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LiIX XO. 18.551 Entered at Portland (Oregon)
JJ aV. J -..- I Pnstofflce as Second-Olass Matter.
I'OKTLA.ND OREGON, MONDAY, MAY 10,' 1920
PRICE FIVE CENTS
NAMES OF VICTIMS IN
WRECK ARE LISTED
ENGINEER IS BLAMED
FOR FATAL SMASHUP
FALL OVER PRECIPICE
SU RVIVED BY VETERAN
SLAY, THEN FLEE
ALL PORTLAND DOES
HONOR TO MOTHERS
CHURCHES HOLD SPECIAL
SERVICES IX TRIBUTE.
& DEAD; 38 HURT
IH TRAIN WRECK
WILSON TAKES RAP
Oregon Leaders Asked to
Fight for League.
TEMPER IN -TESTS
ENGINEER WHO CAUSED DIS
ASTER AMONG DEAD.
ORDERS TO WAIT AT BERTHA
CARL WOXXER -DROPS SHEER
.; 50 FEET INTO GORGE.
Electric Gars Hit Head
Oii Near Bertha
3 WOMEN, 2 CHILDREN DIE
Injuries of Four Others May
Prove Fatal-Erring Engi
. neer Meets Death.
CRASH COMES AT CURVE
Forward Coach, Lifted Into
Air, Sweeps Along Floor of
Other, Pinning Victims.
Eight persons, three of them
women and two of them little'chil
dren, were killed and 38 other per-'
sons were injured yesterday when
two fast-moving Southern Pacific
red electric trains met head-on near
Bertha station, just , outside the city
limits of Portland.
Four of the injured were so seri
ously hurt that they may die.
The failure of an engineer-motor-man,
long in the service of the com
pany, to obey orders was the cause
of the wreck. This engineer, Silas
K. Willetts, of train 124, inbound
from Hillsboro to Portland, died in
his cab as the two trains crashed.
His train, No. 124, ran past Bertha
station, where it was under orders
to pass train 107, the McMinnville
passenger, outbound from Portland.
Trains Meet on Curve.
It did not stop at Bertha at all,
but proceeded at high speed down
about half a mile of straight track
beyond that station toward Portland.
Atf the end of this tangent of
straight track the track starts to
swing in a curve around a high
bank. This was the point where the
two trains met head-on.
Train 107 from Portland,' with
three cars, was just rounding this
curve. The inbound train, with two
cars, had just reached it. They met
at high speed, each engineer having
time only to throw on the emergency
air before they crashed.
Evidently each train had been
hidden from the engineer of the
other until they were within 200 or
S00 feet of each other on the single
The wreck- occurred at 10:23
Car Lifted Off Track.
The forward coach , of the fast-
going train 124 from Hillsboro bored
into and through the vestibule of
the forward car of train 107,' lifted
it slightly and shoved it partly off
But the lired end of this front car
of the outbound train from Portland
sheared through the forward car of
train 124, crushed the vestibule and
continued on for about a quarter car
length into the coach.
It was here that all the deaths
occurred. There "were many people,
including women and children, yeated
near the front of the inbound Hills
boro car. The heavy steel bumper
of the other car, lifted as it was,
slid along the floor of their car,
plowed into them and crushed them.
For the most part they died there!
as they sat, poor, mangled, twisted
remnants of human beings.
Passenger Coach in Front.
This car in which they died was j Or., slightly injured,
a passenger coach. Usually on the J Amos O. Patenaude, 324 Good
red electric trains of the Southern i nough building, Portland, slightly in
racific the smdker and baggage car i jured.
is at the head of the train. This j t
was the case with train 107 YOUTH BURNED TO DEATH
But on train 124, composed of only v
two cars, this order was reversed, iCiasollne, Ignited by Lantern, Re-
The day coach, wih many women j . suits In Fatality.
and children aboard it, was first and j redding, cai.. May 9. (Special.)
the smoker last. ' j A peculiar fatal accident occurred
The men back in the smoker were near here last night. George Patrick,
shnlrpn nr. huf nr. n '- col
, , , . -
hurt there. But up forward m the
lirst car men, women and children
were either killed or badlv iniurpri .
Virtually every person in this car
was injured in some manner, though
not all the injuries were serious,
aiicic ncic oisu many persons in-
hired in the forward car of train 1(17
the but-bound McMinnville
But for the fact that these Southern
r.ic'fic red cara are of all-steel con
(Concluded on fago 0, Column 1.)
Condition of Miss Camille Dosch,
Society Editor of The Orego-.
nian, Very Grave.
Those killed in, yesterday's colli
sion of Southern Pacific electric
trains near Portland were:
Mrs. Charles A. Crooks, Hills
Frederick J. Peebler, 304 Ross
street, Portland, an engineer who
was off duty.
Mrs. C. R. Arundell, Dosch sta-i
tion, Or. . J
Robert Arundell, 4, Dosch sta
Fleurot Dosch Josselyn, 7, Dosch
Silas K. Willetts, engineer of in
bound train, 868 East Kelly street,
Newton Hoover, Beaverton, Or.
Ina L. Hatch, Hilladale, Or.
, Seriously Injured.
Miss Camille Dosch, society ed
itor The Oregonian, compound frac
ture right leg, fracture left leg,
broken shoulder, injuries to chest,
deep scalp wound and shock. Very
Clarence R. Smith, 393 Eugeite
street, Portland, fractured skull and
internal injuries. May die.
Mrs. Charles Allen, Beaverton,
Or., possible fractured skull, injuries
to back and chest.
Homer Allen, 10, Beaverton, Or.,
possible fractured skull, left arm
Vernon Allen, 8, Beaverton, Or.,
broken left arm.
Injured (Good Samaritan).
In the following list no seriously
injured persons ' are included, it is
believed by attendant physicians.
Miss Anne Cameron, Woodrow, Or.
Mrs. S. W. Bird, Bellingham,
Edgar S. Hadley, Seattle,
R. A. Bland, McMinnville, Or., en
gineer of out-bound train in wreck.
R. Bush, sailor, 171 East Twenty
first street, Portland, slightly in
Austin Pharis, Beaverton. Or.
Mrs. Ella R. Spalding, 1128 Haw
thorne avenue, Portland, nose broken
and back hurt slightly.
Mrs. Sophia E. King, formerly of
women's protective bureau, police
department, back hurt.
Florence Hatch, Hillsdale, Or.
Fred Kirby, Beaverton, Or.
Mrs. Andrew Kidd, 853 East Thirty-second
Injured, but Discharged.
Mrs. W.-E. Cameron, Woodrow, Or.
'Miss Rinalda Cameron, Wood
Mrs. W. E. Sawdey, Shattuck, Or,
Joseph Lettich, 365 West Baldwin
J. M. Randolph, 122J,2 Union ave
Myrtle Paist, 407 Hall street, Port
W. F. Oliver, 221 Vx Morrison
William Ferguson, 1526 Oakman
W. H. r iscu, brakeman on in-
bound train, 748 Reed street, Port'
Miss Belle Conjogue, Warren, Or.
Mrs. Emil Peterson, Hillsdale.
W. A. Ranvrle. Deep River, Wash
Andrew Kidd, 853 East Thirty
second street north.
Peter Wickstrand, Beaverton, Or.
W. J. Thompson, 566 East Tenth
M. Gerek, 815 Calvert street, Port
land. E. De Wert, 783 Northrup street,
Miss Helen Flink, Hillsdale, Or.
! At St. Vincent's.
Mrs. Emma Johnson, Beaverton,
: Or., slight head injuries,
Injured, but Discharged.
Mrs. Clara McEweni Beaverton,
aSed 20- ana his father. James Pat-
. tick, were moionng ro tneir nome l
near Round mountain last evening 1
when they ran out. of gasoline. George
- volunteered to walk some distance to'
a farm house where he said he could I
n-At a Gtinnlv ft traonlinA ciirri.ln.l 1
get them to their own place. After '
obtaining the gasoline he started to ,
walk back to the place where the!
machine was stalled, bearing the
liquid in an open bucket i.. one hand
ttiiu cl nguLcu inuivi ii nt ine oLner.
His unconscious form was later
: found burned from head to foot. th
' flame from the lantern having ignited !
the prasoline. The young man never!
. regained consciousness and died this
. aUeruoun. ,
Grim Scenes Greet Those
Who View Wreck.
ENGINEER LOYAL TO PARTNER
Teacher's . Seat Companion
and Friends Killed.
WATCH STOPS AT 10:23
Souvenir Hunters Invade
Supposed Corpse Revives;
Samaritans Help Injured.'
Out of the crash and terror - of
collision, when two trains plunge into
head-on wreckage, as they did in yes
terday's disastrous smash at- Bertha
station, emerge brief stories of men
and women under severe trial stories
that are creditable to the race in their
narration of unselfish service or loy
alty. Or there are glimpses of humor
amid scenes stark with death.
Spared from the fate that crushed
life from the body of his fellow en
gineer, on the inbound train, the
surviving engineman did not by word
or inference seek to cast the blame
of the wreck upon the shoulders of
the dead craftsman. "I only know
that I was not 'to .blame," he said,
stoutly declining to offer a single
conjecture regarding the probable
cause of the crash.
Supposed Corpse Revives.
From the mass of twisted steel arid
iron and ragged plush, where the two
front coaches met,- searchers dragged
the lax befay of a victim and laid him
down in the grass as one of the dead.
Ten minutes later, before the stretch
er bearers reached him, he rose and
declared his freedom from injury.
Clenched in one hand was a fragment
of glass. He carried it away as a
The terrific noise of the collision
brought nearby residents to their
doors and to the track laden with
water, restoratives and sheets for
bandages. They. toiled -as volunteers,
with indefatigable effort and with
compassionate tenderness for the in
jured. One woman won for herself
the praise of many, as she moved
swiftly here and there, ministering
with water and bandages.
Souvenir Hunters On Scene.
There thronged the tracks "and
right of way, soon after the collision
a vast crowd of curious, who gazed
at the flaccid arm and hand of the
dead engineer, . pinned between-- the
wreckage of the two coaches. Well
dressed women picked up bits o
twisted iron and splinters of glass as
mementoes of the catastrophe.
"It all happened so quickly that I
Concluded on Pa ge 7. Column 1.)
WHEN THE WRECKING CREWS ATTACHED THEIR GEAR TO
i V - H$ ! V- ' si
l w -zr'" - i WVMv i
Bit- i 1 . . 1 f M
LlrU the forward coach, in-bound,
Southern Pacific , Officials Think
- Wreck" May Have Been Due to
Illness ol S. K. Willetts. '
Responsibility for the wreck was
placed by A. T. Mercier, superintend
ent of the Southern Pacific lines in
Oregon, on the failure of Engineer
Silas K. Willetts, who was killed, to
stop his Portland-bound train - at
Bertha station and await train No.
107, which had been ordered to take
the siding at this point.
"Both Strain crews held orders , to
meet at Bertha, said Superintendent
Mercier. "The orders read for 124 to
hold the main ' line at Bertha and
train No. 107 to take the siding. Train
124 passed Bertha station and failed
to wait for train 107. That tell's the
"The company will make a complete
investigation Tuesday morning to de
termine why orders were disre
That the accident was due to dis
regarding orders by the crew of the
Incoming train. No. . 124, was the
statement also of C. W. Martin, "as
sistant superintendent of the South
ern Pacific, who reached the scene
shortly after the wreck.
"Apparently the incoming train dis
regarded orders," he said: "The trains
were to have passed at Bertha sta
t'on, and this order was not obeyed
by the incoming train."
The order, which is said to have
been disregarded, read as follows:
'"No. 107 take siding and meet No.
124 at Bertha."
This order had been signed by Con
ductor Pharis on the Incoming train,
and hence railroad officials are cer
tain that it was transmitted to Engi
The two ill-fated trains had been
meeting at Bertha station each day
for months past, both trains were
said to have been on schedule time,
and no recent change in time sched
ules had been affected on this branch
of the roa,d, which might tend to con
fuse the train crews.
These facts led officials of the
company to believe that Engineer
Willetts had either become ill or that
his air brake refused to respond.
Investigation made by engineers of
the Oregon Public Service commis
sion, working under the direction of
Fred G. Buchtel, chairman of the
commission, who was at the scene of
the. wreck shortly after the clash oc
curred, is said to have determined
that the brakes were in working
order at the time of the "'clash, thus
removing the possibility of failure of
the brake applications to work. as a
cause for the wreck.
Colonel John May, assistant super
intendent of the Southern Pacific, de
clared the wreck to be the worst he
had witnessed in all his years of
railroading. Mr. May, although not
in direct control of the division on
which the smashup took place, was
at the scene an hour following.
Fire Fatal to Three.
NEW YORK, May 9. Three persons
were burned to death and one other
probably will die as the result of a
fine in an east side tenement house
in uhlch linluecr llletta met death,
aevre vaMstrBgcru crc lujurcu .Jicu
Footing Lost at Top of Falls.
-End of Onconta Chasm;
; Friends Make Rescue.
To lose his footing, at the top of
the falls at the end of Oneonta gorge,
to plunge 50 feet to the bottom of the
chasm and to be alive to tell the tale
was the experience yesterday of Carl
Wonner, 1550 East Taylor.street, who
recently returned from service over
seas with base hospital 46 and now is
employed in Portland as an optician.
Mr. Wonner had climbed to the top
of the falls-and In some manner lost
his balance and plunged over the
cliff, falling into the pool ' of deep
water at the base of the falls. He
was rescued by friends and was re
ported but little Injured last night.
Wonner was making the trip yes
terday to Oneonta with a group of
about a score of friends, the occasion
being a weekly "hike" of the Portland
Social Turn Verein under the leader
ship of Professor Gens. The former
soldier, according to other members
of the party, was among the first up
the trail to the head of the falls at
the top of the famous chasm. In some
unaccountable ' manner he lost his
footing in the slick rocks at the top
of the falls and was carried over the
The water at this point falls a sheer
50 feet between two giant bould
ers, little more than a crevice be
tween the'rocks existing for the water
to fall into the pool. Had the young
man fallen in such a way as to strike
either of these .projecting rocks he
would have been plunged to instant
death. He fell between the boulders,
however, and plunged into the deep
When companions reached the pool
they found him still conscious and
struggling in the water. He was
speedily rescued and a few moments
after being taken from the water, be
came unconscious from a deep gash
in the head.- He was rushed to the
highway and brought to Portland, but
had sufficiently recovered by the end
of the trip to walk unaided into the
office of Dr. F. H. Dammasch, who
gave him treatment. Beyond a gash
in the scalp about three inches in
length, - which was not considered
dangerous, the young man was prac
POLES WIN WAY TO KIEV
Red Troops Evacuate City as
Cavalry Enters.' -
. WARSAW,' May 9. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) Polish cavalry entered
the city of Kiev. Saturday morning
on the heels of the retreating bol
The infantry kept up its advance
towards Kiev, cavalry detachments
keeping contact with the Infantry.
There was little fighting, accord
ing to reports reaching P olish head
quarters in Warsaw, the cavalry go
ing into the city all day as the in
fantry advanced in a great semi
circle. A few machine gun shots were fired
in the" early morning as the cavalry
appeared, but this was quickly si
lenced, and reports say that the evacu
ation of Kiev began soon afterward.
THE RUINED CARS OF THE BERTHA HEAD-ON COLLISION,
from Ha fatal embrace of the out-bound
tne lt electric traiua rushed ivfccuict.
Wholesale Massacre Re
ported in Mexico City.
REBELS NOW HOLD CAPITAL
Four U. S. Destroyers Are
Dispatched to Tampico.
VERA CRUZ ALSO TAKEN
Revolutionists Reported to Have
Occupied Town; Place Oppo
site Laredo, Tex., Is Taken. .
EL PASO, Texas, May 9. General
Francisco Murguia, Carranza military
commander at Mexico City, before
leaving the capital, which is now In
complete possession of revolutionary
farces. carried out a wholesale
slaughter of political prisoners at
Santiago, the military prison, accord
ing to a bulletin issued at revolution
ary headquarters here tonight.
Fifteen Mexican generals were
among those reported slaughtered.
"The city was shocked over this
bloody epilogue for the Carranza re
gime," the bulletin said.
GALVESTON. Tex, May 9. The
federal garrison at Vera Cruz consist
ing of approximately 500 well-armed
and equipped soldiers, went over to.
the revolutionists early today, accord
ing to apparently reliable but unoffi
cial advices received here tonight.
City Is Kntered Twloe.
Revolutionary troops believed to be
part of the forces of General Pablo
Gonzales, entered Vera Cruz twice be
fore the federals withdrew their al
legiance from the Carranza govern
ment, the advices said. First they
penetrated almost to the water front
and then withdrew to the outskirts
because of the presence in the harbor
of two Mexican gunboats.
Later the rebels again entered the
city and began occupying strategic
points, according to the advices. Fir
ing was said to have been-general for
some time. The gunboats, however,
did not fire on the city, it was assert
ed. The reports did not jnake clear
whether the warships had deserted
the Carranza cause.
Carranza Reported Hiding.
President Carranza was said o be
in hiding in Vera Cruz and a dragnet
was reported to have been thrown
out by the revolutionists to prevent
his escape if possible.
LAREDO. Tex.. May 9. General
Reynaldo Garza, commander of fed
eral forces in the Nuevo Laredo mili
tary district, tonight is a refugee on
American soil. After the defeat of
his troops and capture of Nuevo Lar-
(Concluded on Page 4, Column 3.)
Kight Uvea were lout and two
Thousands Signify Love by Wear
1 ing Flowers; Musicians
Mothers, here only in memory, and
mothers living in horfres scattered
throughout the world, were honored
in Portland yesterday by thousands
of men and women who signified their
love and honor by wearing fl' wers.
Mother's day was observed prin- I
church musicians who carried out
this idea were Professor Lucien E.
Becker in his organ paraphrase of
"Home, Sweet Home" by Dudley
Buck, and Warren A. Erwin, who
sang the tenor solo, "Mother." This
was at the First Congregational
Among the churches which held
elaborate Mother's day services were
the Woodlawn Methodist, which Rave
a monologue. "The Story of Bessie";
Central Methodist, Mount Tabor
Methodist, Rose City Park Methodist,
Sellwood Methodist, First Congrega-"
tional. Pilgrim Congregational, Sun
nyside Congregational, Highland Con
gregational, Waverley Heights Con
gregational, Atkinson Memorial, SL
James' English Lutheran. St. Paul's
Lutheran, Piedmont Presbyterian,
Mis pah Presbyterian, Kenilworth
Presbyterian, Anabel Community,
First, Second, Third and Fourth
United Brethren, Millard Presby
terian, First Presbyterian, Central
Presbyterian. Glencoe Baptist, While
Temple Baptist, and the East Side
QUESTION PUT ASPIRANTS
Anti-Asiatic Association Asks Atti
tude of Candidates.
HOOD RIVER. Or., May 9. (Spe
cial.) The Anti-Asiatic association,
organized here for the purpose of pre
venting alien land ownership and for
working for a constitutional amend
ment that will prevent the automatic
citizenship of children born of aliens
that cannot be naturalized, has sent
a circular letter to every Oregon can
didate for congressional or legislative
office. The letter says:
"This association was. formed be
cause the Japanese ownership of land
in Hood River county is becoming an
indication of what will gradually
happen in Oregon, as it has happened
in California and Washington. The
members of this organization are vi
tally interested in your attitude, as
an aspirant for public office, upon the
purposes of the association, and there
fore respectfully ask you whether or
not you favor these purposes."
10 HELD FOR MAIL FRAUD
Land Buyers Reported Victimized
for About $200,000.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., May 9. Will
iam H. Woods, a resident of Chicago,
was indicted jointly with nine other
persons by a federal grand jury here
Saturday on 36 counts, charging use of
the mails to defraud in selling land.
Nearly 2000 nersons in Missouri.
Kansas. Nebraska. Iowa and Michi
gan, according to District Attorney
Wilson, have been victimized for an
amount totaling approximately V-00.-000.
WOMAN ROUTS BURGLAR
Mrs. James Watson Screams and
Intruder Takes to FHglit.
Mrs. James Watson. 291 East The president's telegram was read
Thirty-sixth street, late last night put j to Senator Chamberlain over the tele
to flight a burglar who was just j phone tonight, but he declined to corn
entering a room through the window. ment. He said that he would not cx-
When he attempted to grapple with ! press himself until he had time to
Mrs AVatson. she - screamed and the . examine carefully the context of the
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 1S
deRrees; minimum. 44 desrees,-.
TODAY'S Monday, fair: westerly winds.
Names of wreck victims listed. Past 1.
J. C. Jt. Arundell sees wife and child die
In wreck. Page 7.
Grim happenings at wreck reveal human
ity's heart- Page 1. ,
Eight killed; 3S hurt in train wreck near
Portland. Pass 1.
Engineer is blamed for fatal smashup.
Chamberlain campaign hit by Wilson's
slogan for "no reservations" league.
Carranza forces conduct wholesale man
sacre of political prisoners in Mexico
City and flee. Page 1.
Citizens of United States offer republican
platform. Page 3.
Methodists may change viewpoint on
amusement programme. Page- 18.
Eugene Debs named to lead party in
190 campaign. Page 4.
430 miles of paving laid in Oregon in three
y-ears.' Page 5.
Trade unit In west suggested by Mayor I
" Baker. Page 1..
Assailant of Seattle girl may be Portland
woman. Page 2.
Coast league results: Seattle 0, Portland
6: San 'rancieco 2-0, Los Angeles 7-3;
Vernon 3-2, Oakland 0-4: Salt Lake 3-5,
Sacramento 6-3. Page 10.
Johnny McCarthy to arrive today for bout
with Murphy. Page 10.
Cgoast league head to bar all gamblers
from parks. Page 10.
Portland and Vicinity.
Carl S. Kelty reports business conditions
in east unsettled. Page 17.
Fall over precipice of Oneonta gorge sur
vived by veteran. Page 1.
College mP'.age advocates report .170
pledges of support. Page IS.
Statement of Portland banks shows re
sources increased more than 10 per
cent, rage n 7.
Republicans asked not to waste vote. Page
Montavilla community joins in discussion
of juvenile problems. Page 18.
Self-indulgence to go, declares Xr. Eoyd.
Gasoline relief tu be discussed at con
tercuce Loday. Page ltf.
NO RESERVATIONS" IS STAND
All Democrats Supporting
Amendments Get Blow.
DEFEAT EVIDENTLY GOAL
Wilnon Projects SclT Also Into
Contests in 7 Other , States.
Course Held Coutemplated.
ORUttOSIAX NKWS BUUEAC,
Washington. May 9. Prosident Wil
son threw himself into the democratic
United states senate contest In Ore
gon tonight and of necessity Into
similar democratic contests in several
There is room' for some speculation
as to whether he knew when he sent
a telepram to Gilbert E. Hamaker of
the Multnomah county democratic
central committee at Portland, Or.,
tonight, declaring that the democratic
party must stand, squarely for the
unamended league of nations cove
nant and against the league reserva
tions, that he was furnishing a
weapon to be used against Senator
George E. Chamberlain who comes up
for renomination in the Oregon pri
maries on May 21.
Other Statra Are Affrt-trd.
It is assumed, however, that his
course was well thought out and that
he knew that he could not interfere
in an Oregon senatorial contest on
such a pretext without also project
ing himself Into contests in seven
other states where democratic sen
ators who voted for the Lodge reser
vations are seeking renomination and
The other senators who find them
selves in the same position as Sen
ator Chamberlain are: Beckman, of
Kentucky; Fletcher, of Florida; Gore,
of Oklahoma: Nugent, of Idaho; Phe
lan, of California; Smith of Georgia,
and Smith, of Maryland.
Secretary Tumulty gave out with
out comment a copy of the telegrams
exchanged by the president and Mr.
Hamaker and it was impossible to
ascertain whether the president knew
when he sent his sweeping reply that
Chairman Hamaker is the leader of
the anti-Chamberlain forces in Ore
gon , who are seeking to displace Sen
ator Chamberlain by the nomination
of Harvey G. Starkweather.
Itrsiilla Rrllevrd Contemplated.
That the president Is acquainted
with the purpose for which his tele
gram will be used is deduced from
the fact that he must have known
that the only candidate for the presi
dential nomination in Oregon is his
son-in-law. William Gibbs McAdoo,
who is understood to be committed
to the league of nations covenant
Just as Mr. Wilson brought it home
from Versailles. Theref e, it can
not be said that he was seeking to
influence Oregon's democratic presi-
J dential preference.
message to Chairman Hamaker. It
would be time enough then, he said, to
decide his course.
Senator Chamberlain's record on
the peace treaty is that he voted first
for the ratification of the treaty with
nexervatlons Are Supported.
He voted then for the Hitchcock
so-called interpretive reservations and
finally, when everything else had
failed, supported the peace treaty with
the Lodge reservations along with
20 other democratic senators who. be
sides those heretofore mentioned are:
Ashurst of Arizona, Kendrick of Wy
oming, King of Utah, Myers of Mon
tana, Owen of Oklahoma, Pitt man of
Nevada. Pomerene of Ohio, Ransdell
of Louisiana, Walsh of . Montana,
Walsh of Massachusetts and Wolcott
None of the senators last mentioned
are- affected by the president's pro
nouncement tonignt except. Owen of
Oklahoma, because they do not come
up for re-election this year. Senator
Owen is only affected as it concerns
his candidacy for the democratic pres
Gore and Smith Also Are Hit.
One conclusion which could readily
be drawn by an examination of the
democratic senatorial contests in eight
states necessarily affected by to
night's letter is that the president
assured himself before acting that
such a declaration wo'uld only harm
those senators whom he desired to
Injure. The three he doubtless hoped
to handicap are Chamberlain of Ore
gon. Gore of Oklahoma and Hoke
Smith of Georgia. 1' letcher, Hender
son, Nugent, Phelan and Smith of
Maryland, either have no opposition
for renomination or nothing to fear
from opposing candidates already an
nounced The president's telegram was dc
cidodly a political sensation, but east
ern comments will give it little at
tention as it relatos to the Oregon
senatorship Political commentators
appeared determined to construe it as
XCuuclutKd on I'nna , Culuoui L)