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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 3, 1920)
Entered n. t Portland (Oregon
Potof flee a Peond-Cla?s Matter.
RAIDS OF! REDS
35 Cities Glean Out
Nests of Communists.
INSANE MAN DIVERTS
BAXDOX MAX RAVES HE DID
NOT KILL LEUTHOLD GIRL.
THROWN BRICK FATAL
TO PORT ORFORD MAN
0LC0TT, ACTOR, VISITS 111 DCnC, Tfl
0LC0TT, GOVERNOR 1 1 IILUu IU rnUL
OF JUNEAU, ALASKA!
HOUSES AXD CABLXS SWEPT
AAV AY; 1 DEAD, 7 HURT.
JOE JOHNSON DIES: GEORGE
COLBROOK IS ACCUSED.
CELEBRATED PLAYER JOKING
LY SAYS HE IS COUSIX.
SLIDE ENGULFS PART
HELD US PLOTTERS
Federal Agents Scour City
for Red Leaders.
THOUSANDS ARE IRKED
Portland Among Cities to Be
Cleaned of Radicals by
PALMER STARTS ROUND-UP
Are Invaded and Literature
of All Kinds Is Seized.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 2.
The greatest roundup of radicals in
the nation's history was conducted
tonight by the government acting
through department of justice agents
in 35 cities, stretching from coast to
At midnight reports indicated that
more than 4000 members of the com
munist and communist labor parties,
against whom the raids were di
rected, were in custody, and depart
ment of justice officials expressed
the opinion that daylight would see
twice that number behind the bars.
Reports of the raids' results from
these cities at midnight showed that
4020 radicals had been arrested, .as
New York, 800; Chicago, 450; Jer
sey City, 410; Newark, 320; Detroit,
t 400; Fhiladelphia, 200; Kockford, III.,
I 183; Nashua, 150; Buffalo, 136; Bos-
ton, 100; Kansas Citsr, 100; Milwau-
lepp. QRr Trpnt.nn. 7K? TVfanr-Victe-r
N. H., 65; Springfield, Mass., 55;
Worcester, Mass., 50; Lynn, 46; Pat
erson, 40; Cleveland, 35; Lowell, 30;
Oakland, 25; Baltimore, 24; Haver
hill, 21; Pittsburg, 21; Portland, Or!,
20; Louisville, 20; Holyoke, 20; Des
Moines, 16; Youngstown, O., 16;
Bridgeport, Conn., 16; St. Paul, 10;
Lawrence, 8; Toledo, 8; Waterbury,
7; Denver, 9; St. Louis, 26; Minne-
l: J - tt1 l m t a
II poiis, ; .trust ou iouis, o; jlos An
il Eeles, 1
Not alone was the roundup the
largest yet conducted by the govern
ment in its efforts to rid the country
of radicalism, but in the view of
officials it was the most thoroughly
Department of justice agents had
been instructed several days ago; and
f Q nVlorlr nri i crVi f Vi mnva ..-nr.
w . " " VVCbO
II begun on the radical headquarters,
1 1 whether in Portland, Me., or in Port
I" land, Or.
Evidence Is Sought.
Department of justice agents were
'directed to catch the radicals "wifh
F the goods on", and that these direc-
tions were carried out was evidenced
in reports, particularly from New
York, where the offices of com-
!munist newspapers, were raided, and
from New England, where consid
erable literature prepared for dis
semination by the two parties was
The primary object of the raids,
Assistant Attorney-General Garvan
announced, was. the obtaining of evi
dence upon which the department of
labor might proceed with the depor
tation of undesirables.
The biggest "bag" of the radicals
was made in New York, where at
midnight more than 800 had been ar
rested and sent to Ellis Island. From
a dozen New England cities 700 or
more of the -communists were gath
ered, and in Detroit .the raiders
found plentiful supply, taking about
400 into custody. Chicago and Phil
adelphia supplied more than 650
and Buffalo 136. A larger number
than in any previous raid was re
ported from practically all of the
Deortation to Follow.
The raid was arranged ten days
ago that the raid should take place
tonight and confidential communica
tions were sent to department of
justice representatives and United
States attorneys in the 35 cities.
The department of justice agents
desired mosJ of all to capture incrim
inating documents, not so much of
lhe literature and propaganda, but
papers showing details of the com-
munist organizations in each city.
It was indicated that if such evi -
Concluded on Fags , Column 3.)
Board ins-House Patrons Leap
From Windows Wreckage Is
Searched for Bodies.
JUNEAU. Alaska. Jan. 2. Henry
Wallin, a miner, was killed, seven, per
sona were injured, two probably fa
tally, and a number were reported
missing tonight as the result of a
landslide which, starting below" the
entrance to the tunnel of the Alaska
Juneau mining company, crashed down
into Front street, sweeping away six
dwelling houses and a number of
small cabins. Parties tonight were
searching the debris for bodies of
missing persons who may have been
buried under the wrecked buildings.
Patrons of a boarding house in the
path of the slide leaped from the
windows as the mass of rock and
dirt, loosened by melting snows and
the warm rains of the last two days,
swept down upon it. The houses and
several cabins were carried GOO feet,
finally being crushed by the weight
of debris. Prpperty loss was estimat
ed at $75,000.
SMELT ON MARKET HERE
First Shipments of Cowlitz River
Run Are Received.
Portland markets yesterday were
selling the first of the new run of
Columbia river smelt, the fish having
been shipped from Cowlitz river,
where the run is said to be quite
heavy. The fish are of what is known
as the 'widow" run, being the fore
runners of the main run, which starts
generally in February. About 20
boxes of the fish were received yes
terday from the Cowlitz by the Port
land Fish company, which reports
that thejr will continue to receive
consignments daily until the run
ceases. Heavy catches generally re
duce the "widow" run within a short
time, it is stated, and smelt are off
the market Until the main run starts.
The wholesale price for the smelt
yesterday was 13 cents a pound, and
the retail price at most of the mar
kets was 20 cents. When the main
run begins the fish are caught in such
quantities that the price generally
drops much lower.
PREMIER TO ACCEPT GIFT
Carnegie's Annuity of .$10,000
Looked On Favorably.
(Copyright by the New York World. Pub
lished by Arrangement.)
LONDON. Jan. 2. (Special Cable.)
There Is every reason to believe
Premier Lloyd George intends to ac
cept Andrew Carnegie's bequest of an
annuity of $10,000 a year. As the
bequest was not sought and was an
expression of Carnegie's personal ad
miration, and was unfettered by
any conditions, there is no apparent
reason why the' premier should de
He has no private fortune, and if he
left office tomorrow he would have
to return to work in the small law
firm in which he was a partner with
his brother. There is no pension at
tached to the premiership, as such,
and all the available political pen
sions allowed to ex-ministers are al
ready taken, even if the premier
would accept one.
BRYAN REPORTED IN RACE
Ex-Secretary of State, However,
Says "It Mast Be Mistake."
DETROIT, Mich., Jan. 2. William
J. Bryan will be entered in Michi
gan's presidential preference primary
as a candidate lor Indorsement as
democratic nominee for president, ac
cording to local friends of the ex
secretary of state.
Petitions in his favor, which will
require only 100 names, will be in
circulation shortly, it was said. The
primaries will be held April 5.
MIAMI, Fla., Jan. 2. "It must be
a mistake, for I nave heard nothing
of It, William J. Bryan said today
regarding the statement from De
troit that his name would be entered
in the Michigan presidential prefer
ence primaries. Mr. and Mrs. Bryan
are spending the winter at their
WEATHER MEN TO MEET
Four Hundred Experts Will Discuss
Technicalities of Trade..
NEW YORK, Jan. 2. The American
Meteorological society will convene
here tomorrow to "talk about the
weather." Nearly 400 meteorologists,
government weather bureau experts,
university professors and amateur
forecasters will tell how good, bad
and freak weather ought to be dis
cerned before it arrives. Everything
from scientific astronomical obser
vations to the village prognosticator's
"smell of the air" will come up for
allocation in the general work of
Moons, tides, winds, waves and
areas of depression ' will be inter
pretated in terms of prospective
weather and use of the newest instru
COAL DEALER IS FINED
Short Weight, Even During Coal
Shortage, Is Xot Permitted.
YAKIMA. Wash., Jan. 2. (Special.)
C. S. Huff, a coal dealer of this city,
Wednesday was found guilty in
justice court of selling two sacks of
coal that were short in weight, and
was fined $20. He served notice of
The eale complained of was alleged
iav hppn rrtnri rinrlno th. fii.1
! snortage when all fuel sales were in
RADICALS' HALL IS RAIDED
Literature Seized From Press
Before Ink Can Dry
DEPORTATION IS OBJECT
Victor Saulit, Ed Cusack, Floyd
Hyde, Among Members of Labor
Party Held In Local Jails.
RESULTS OK RED RAID IS
Net result of the raid on
Portland "reds" at an early
hour this morning were given
by William Bryon, chief of the
department of justice, was as
Seven alien "reds" under ar
rest with incriminating evi
dence against them. All are
considered good cases under
federal deportation proceedings.
Headquarters of Portland
branch of labor coramunut
party searched and all litera
ture, including charter and
printing press which was in
actual operation at time of raid,
More than half a ton of rad
ical literature seized In all
parts of the city.
Fifteen American citizens be
longing to radical organization
arrested with aliens and are
being held under state criminal
More than a score of- members of
the P.ortland branch of the commun
ist party and the labor communist
party were under arrest late last
night and many others were being
ferreted out by operatives of the de
partment of justice as a result of a
pre-arranged nation-wide series of
raids carefully set more than ten
days ago, starting at 9 o'clock last
night, Washington time.
Promptly at 6 o'clock last night
William Bryon, chief of the depart
ment of justice of this district, con
ducted simultaneous' raids through
out the city. Co-op"erating with him
were United States Marshal Montag
and his corps of deputies and a squad
of .police under Chief of Police Jen
kins. John H. Price, city detective
who has been working under Mr.
(Concluded on Page 6. Column 4.)
TO TWE C.US.
Leigh Watson Xever Accused ol
Crime, but Known to Have Rille
Like Yourj Howell's.
MARSHFIELD. Or. Jan. 2. (Spe'
cial.) Leigh Watson, a Ban'don man.
has gone insane, and constantly raves
that he is not guilty of the murder
of Lillian Leuthold. the 16-year-old
girl who was found shot to death a
short time ago. Watson has never
been accused of slaying the girl, sus
picion having fastened upon young
Harold Howell, who is about to be
tried for the third time, two Juries
Watson was taken through here
today en route from Bandon to the
state hospital for the insane at Salem.
Again and again he reiterated de
nials that he had killed the Leuthold
Heretofore, Watson had been con
nected with the case only In a. small
way. At the second Howell trial the
defense presented a rehired .25-caliber
rifle, similar to the one with which
the state contended Howell killed the
girl. This rifle belonged to Watson,
and was brought In to show that
Howell's rifle was not the only one of
that pattern in the county.
It has been learned that Watson
had this rifle in his possession at
the time of the killing.
TRADE PACT DRAWN UP
Disputes Between TJ. S. and Uru
guay Merchants tokBe Arbitrated.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 2. An agree
ment to arbitrate commercial dis
putes arising between merchants of
the United States and Uruguay has
been concluded by the chamber of
commerce of the United States and
the Camara de Comerclo of Mon
tevideo. Similar agreements have
been made with Ecuador, Argentina
The agreement with Uruguay pro
vides for an arbitration commission
of nine members In each country. On
the American committee five members
will be nominated by the chamber of
commerce of the United States and
approved by the Camara de Comercio
and four will be nominated by the
Uruguayan organization and approved
by the American chamber.
NON-STOP RECORD MADE
Air Mail Pilot Files 215 Miles in
WASHINGTON, Jan. 2. All Ameri
can records for a non-stop flight of
more than 200 miles are believed by
postoffice department officials to
have been broken today by James H.
Knight, an air mail pilot, who flew
with a load of mall, from Cleveland
to Bellefonte. Pa., a distance of 215
miles, in 83 minutes.
The flight was made at an aver
age of 156 miles an hour and was
seven minutes better than a similar
trip made by Knight last September.
The start from Cleveland was made
in a raging snow storm.
READY FOR THE CENSUS MAN.
-." - aa ni L"j
Our HOW tAUCH
Pair Are Said to Have Been To
gether on California Trip, Drink
ing and Quarreling.
BANDON, Or.. Jan. 2. (Special.)
Joe Johnson of Port Orford died there
today as the result of injuries sus
tained Monday when he was hit on
the head by a brick alleged to have
been thrown by George Colbrook,
wealthy stockman of Corbin, Or. An
inquest has been ordered and the
sheriff has gone to Corbin for Col
brook and another person said to have
been a witness.
Mr. Johnson, who was a powder
contractor for Moon A Co., engaged
In state highway work at Port Or
ford. was about 40 years of age. He
leaves a widow and two young chil
dren. According to reports received here,
the- two men went to Crescent City,
Cal., together, last Sunday, in John
son's automobile. While there they
were said to have been drinking and
to have quarreled ovei a 125 loan
and over an attempt bv Johnson to
make Colbrook pay for some damage
to his automobile. The two returned
to Corbin Sunday night, together, the
story continues, spending the night at
Colbrook's house. Monday morning
Johnson started for Port Orford on
horseback. As ne was leaving the
house Coibrook, it is alleged, threw
two bricks at him, the first missing
and the second taking effect.
Johnson rode to the Arizona Inn,
in Corbin, where he received treat
mentC and later was sent to his home
at Port Orford, where he died today.
Mr. Colbrook also is about 40 years
of age, and he also has a wife and
two young children.
838,91,195 COINS MADE
Xcw Record Established in 1918
by Mints in United States.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 2. Mints of
the United States establishing a new
record, during 1919 produced 838,911.
195 coins for this and foreign govern
ments. Director Baker of the mint
bureau announced today. The pro
duction in 1918 was $598,000,000.
The total number of coins of Ameri
can money was 738,642,000, value $20,
777,000, including 3,679,000 half dol
lars, 15,104,000 quarters, 54,529,000
dimes, 76.395,000 five-cent pieces and
588,935,000 pennies. '
. .Coinage in foreign' denominations
included ' 9,440,000 pieces for .the
Philippines, 10,000,000 pieces tor Siam;
3,000,000 for Salvador; 850,000 for
Nicaragua: 3,200,000 for Venezuela,
and 20,750,000 for Peru.
INJURED ROBBERS ESCAPE
Two Highwaymen Shoot Policeman
and Seize Automobile.
CHICAGO, Jan. 2. Shortly after
two men robbed a Jewelry store of
$5000 today, their automobile turned
over. A policeman and a passing mo
torist started with them to a hospital.
On the way the robbers shot and
probably fatally wounded the police
man, threw out the motorist and es
caped with the car.
IN' HAIL IHL
Cost of Operation for 23
s Months Fixed.
LEAK IN NOVEMBER LARGE
Operating Income Declared
Lowest in 30 Years.
EXPENSES ARE HEAVY
December Returns Are Forecast as
Bringing Further Reduction.
Comparison Made to 1918.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 2. The gov
ernment deficit from railroad opera
tion during November will be approx
imately $64,500,000, a low record for
the year, according to figures made
public tonight by the bureau of rail
road economics. Net operating in
come for the month was estimated to
have fallen below $20,000,000, which
the bureau of economics declared to
be the lowest In 30 years when com
puted on a basis of percentage of
Gross revenues for the month were
estimated at close to $436,000,000.
This figure is only slightly below the
nign mark of a year ago but the
heavy expenses, due in part to the
coal strike- which also reduced the
revenues, left as net little of the op
FVderal Loss 548,000,000.
The government's net loss, the bu
reau estimated, on the basis of in
terstate commerce commission fig
ures, has reached $548,000,000 in the
23 months of railroad operation. The
bureau placed the loss for the 11
months of 1919 at more than $331.
000.000. December returns on the rail oper
ation was forecast as bringing an
other decline, in a statement issued a
few days ago by Director-General
Hines. who pointed to the inevitable
loss In revenues incident to the coal
The December earnings, as com
pared by the bureau with compara
tive figures for tha corresponding
month in 1918, follow:
. 417.lHlu.UtlO OS.t.1100.000
. 19.0U0.0U0 BU.oUU.UUO
Pasaenft-rr Traffic Heavy.
While the .November revenues were
said by the bureau to show an In
crease of $149,200,000, as compared
with the average for the month in
the three-year test period before the
war, expenses and taxes have also in
creased more than $213,000,000.
The increase in operating revenues
was traceable largely to the heavy
passenger traffic, which was reported
to have been about 10 per cent higher
than the November mark for the test
period. Freight traffic, however, was
estimated to have dropped several per
RATE-FIXING CLAUSE ADOPTED
Senate and House Conferees Reach
WASHINGTON, Jan. 2. An agree
ment to give the Interstate commerce
commission supreme authority in fix
ing railroad rates with power to sus
pend and annul rate orders of state
commissions, was reached today by
the senate and house conferees In
considering the Esch and Cummins
The Interstate commerce commis
sion under the agreement would be
authorized to substitute its findings
and rate orders foi-athose of state
commissions when the 'latter give an
unfair advantage to or discriminate
against interstate commerce.
The conferees' agreement provides
for little change in the Existing laws
but more definitely establishes the
supreme rate-making cower of ih.
I federal commission and is designed to
j remove doubt raised in several casee
1 before the supreme court, as to the
. authority of the commission over lo-
cal or intrastate rates which conflict
with interstate tariffs.
The power of the state railway
I commissions, however, would not be
I hampered or encroached upon by the
federal .commission in the making of
intrastate rates if such do not preju
' dice or discriminate against interests
j outside of the state or interfere with
j The conference agreement. Chair
man cummins announced tonight,
provides for addition of the senate
bill's provisions. The house plan of
authorizing the federal commission to
suspend state rates if such placed an
"undue burden" upon interstate com
merce, was believed by some of the
conferees to involve conferring on
the commission power to supervise all
Age Takes Occupant of Na
WASHINGTON. Jan. 2. Jerry, a
zebra of royal lineage, died in the
national zoo here today of old age.
The late KJng Menellk of Abyssinia
sent Jerry to the late President
Roosevelt as a token of the friend
ship between tfee two countries.
The skin will be preserved in the
State Institutions - Continendcd.
Insane 'Home Looks Like
Palace, He Says.
SALEM. Or., Jan. 2. (Special.)
Chauncey Olcott. celebrated actor, was
the guest of Governor Olcott and
Warden Steiner of the Oregon peni
tentiary on a tour of the state insti
tutions here this afternoon. The actor
declared that the state hospital
grounds were among the finest he
had ever seen, and that the home
for the insane had all the appearance
of a palace rather than an institution
for public wards. He also comment
ed favorably on the appearance of the j
penitentiary and other public build- i
The actor, in talking to newly made
acquaintances in the executive offices
following his return from the state
hospital, traced back his family tree
for many years, and jokingly said
there was no doubt but that he and
the governor were cousins. He re
counted many incidents connected
with his theatrical career, and was
lavish in his laudation of the hospi
tality extended to him by the people
Mr. Olcott also commented on the
future of the stage, which, he said,
was sure to outlive the silent drama.
"The theatrical business is better
today than ' ever before," said the'
actor, "and I am convinced that the
people are forsaking the moving pic
tures for the stage. Of course, the
silent drama always will have Its
place in amusement circles. but it
cannot hope to supplant the better
class of road attractions."
Mr. Olcott said he had been on the
stage for more than 42 years, and
that only the loss of his voice, or
death, would cause him to retire.
SOVIET ARK TAKES TIME
Promise of "Meditative" Passage
for Radicals Fulfilled.
NEW YORK. Jan. 2. Emma Gold
man, Alexander Berkman and the
other deported radicals, who make up
the passenger list of the "soviet ark"
Buford. now on its way to Russia,
observed the passing of 1919 and the
advent of 1920 on the high seas. A
wireless message from the ship, filed
New Year's day, gave her position as
approximately two-thirds of the way
across the Atlantic As the ship sailed
December 21, the promise of a slow
and "meditative" passage is being
The Buford has taken a route well
to the northward of the Azores.
Therefore, the first land to be sighted
can be anywhere between the north
erly coast of France wd the Orkneys,
with a possibility of passing from the
Atlantic into the North Sea through
the English channel.
DR. OSLER IS CREMATED
Ashes Probably Will Be Sent From
London to Canada for Burial.
LONDON. Jan. 2. The body of Sli
William Osier, the noted physician,
who died at Oxford December 29
was cremated today.
The urn containing the ashes prob
ably will be sent to Canada, where
he was born, for burial.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 44
decrees; minimum. 30 detcreea. .
TODAY'S Fair; gentle easterly winds.
Bolshevlkl propose peace with Italr.
Reds jrathered In by government agents in
raids in all parts of country. Page 1.
Dakota league is field for probe
$548,000,000 lost In federal operation of
railways during 23 months. Page 1.
Shipping board to sell 30 ex-German
liners. Page 13.
Four thousand radicals sought by govern
ment. Page 3.
One killed, 11 injured in Juneau (Alaska)
landslide. Page 1.
Eleven vessols ci
for wine car;oes.
Oregon's production of silver and copper
shows Increase. Page 2.
Dead girl's love revealed in letter. Page 7.
Pacific North went.
Oregon Is second in sale of treasury cer
tificates. Superintendent Churchill tells
educators. Page 5.
I. W. V. at Spokane said to number 10.
000. Page 4.
Insane man diverts murder suspicion.
Northwest Society of Highway engineers
opens convention Ih Salem. Page 5.
Olcott. actor, visits Olcott, governor.
Page 1. .
Separate trials denied eleven I. "W". W.
accused of Centralis murder. Page 1.
Thrown brick fatal to- Port Orford man.
Duties of "newspaper to community re
viewed by speaker at community life
conference in Corvallis. Page 4.
"Shy" Huntington has 1920 football plant
under way. Page 12.
Judge McCredle to leave tonight for Coast
league confab in south. Page 12.
Charley White plans boxing campaign on
coast. Page 12.
Commerce snd Marine.
Potato prices advancing in competitive ter
ritory. Page IT.
Cold wave sends up Chicago corn prices.
Wall street starts year with all-around
advances. Page 17.
Portland and Vicinity.
Anglers' funds not used by commercial
fishing. Page 11.
Twenty-two radicals arrested in Portland.
Amendment to end governorship muddls
proposed. Page 8.
Chamber of Commerce to conduct census
publicity campaign. Page 10.
Hrman Cohen paroled after pleading
guilty to charge of receiving stolen
property. Page 10.
Series of holdups laid to Fisher, alias
Qulnlan. Page 19.
Buy less clothing, says Ben Selling.
Twenty members of coramunrst labor party
arrested by United States officers as
radical plotters. Page 1
ae f Lilnnton quarry suggested. Page X,
Separate Trials Denied
i Centralia Suspects.
VENUE CHANGE AGAIN ASKED
If Freed, I. W. W. Would Be
Killed, Avers Attorney.
HIGH FEELING CHARGED
Judge at Montcsano Grants Van-
derveer Until Today to Gather
Authority for Transfer.
MONTESANO, Wash Jan. 2. Sep
arate trials for the 11 alleged mem
bers of the Industrial Workers of the
World, charged with murder in con
nection with the Armistice day shoot- ,
ing at Centralia, Wash., were denied
today by Superior Judge John N.
Wilson and the hearing on a change
of venue to Tacoma, Wash., was con
tinued to 10 o'clock tomorrow morn
Vanderveer told the court that he
had received reliable information
that if any of the prisoners were ac
quitted they would never leave Grays
Harbor county alive.
Prejudice Is Chara-ed.
He declared that the feeling was
so high in southwestern Washington
that a fair trial was impossible there
"or in any small community," and
that it had been successfully ar
ranged to refuse lodging to every
witness ;or other person connected
with the .defense.
Quoting Superior Judge Abel of
Hoqulam, who granted the change of
venue from Centralia to Montesano.
as his authority and also J. M. Phil
lips, an Aberdeen, Wash., attorney.
Vanderveer cited numerous cases to
support his claim of Berious prejudice
on the part of residents of the
He told the court that when It be
came known that members of the
Industrial .Workers of the World,
failing to find quarters, had planned
to rent a hall in which to live during
the trial, word had been sent them
that If they did so. the hall would be
JodKe Partially Credulous.
Judge Wilson appeared inclined to
listen to Vanderveer's argument and
intimated that he would be disposed
to grant a second change of venue,
carrying the case to Tacoma, Wash.,
providing Vanderveer could present
sufficient legal precedent or author
ity. Judge Wilson said he knew of no
law permitting a second change, but
also intimated that he saw some
truth in Vanderveer's claim of preju
dice. He then gave Vanderveer un
til tomorrow morning to gather legal
authority for' the change.
PreMHnre hy I.ea'IOBi FeareT.
During the course of his argument
Vanderveer further asserted that the
American Legion of Montesano has
engaged all available hotel and board
ing house rooms so that the defense
witnesses and attorneys will be able
to find no suitable accommodations
in Montesano during the trial.
Vanderveer also alleged that the
American Legion would pack the
Montesano courtroom In an attempt
to create sentiment hostile to the ac
cused men. Vanderveer declared that
he had had to register under an as
sumed name in order to obtain accom
modations in the town. When his
identity became known, he said, he
could not get accommodations either
for himself or his assistants.
PASTORS GET HIGHER PAY
Methodist Episcopal Conferences
Provide $1500 Minimum.
VRW YORK. Jan. 2. Rev. J. W.
Van Cleve of Chicago, chairman of
the finance commission of the Metho
iut KnlscoDal church, said tonight
that the movement to provide clergy
men with higher salaries already naa
fruit. Eight conferences have
agreed to pay a cash minimum of
$1500 a year, he said. They are Des
Moines. Detroit, Illinois. Nebraska,
Northeast Ohio. Northeast Iowa.
Rock River. Upper Iowa.
The following conferences have
placed the minimum, at $1200: Cali
fnrtiiii. California GermaSi. Central
German. Central Swedish, Colorado,
Columbia River, Erie. Genesee, Idaho,
Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Montana.
Northern Minnesota, North Montana.
Ohio. Oklahoma. Pjiget Sound. South
ern, California. West Ohio. West Wis
consin and Wyoming State.
In addition to the minimum cash
salary virtually all the pastors have '
parsonages supplied rent free.
MASONS WIN $10 WAGE
Bricklayers' Scale AproTed by San
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 2. Waes ot
$10 a day for journeymen bricklayers
in San Francisco have been approved
by the employers, according to an an
nouncement by the bricklayers' union
here today. ,
The wage agreement was negotiated
by E. P. March, special representa
tive of the United States department