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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 1, 1919)
VfT. T.VIII VO 18 41.S Entered at Portland (Oregon)
JU. VJ. AO,-AO Postofflce as Second-Class Mr.tter.
- PORTLAND, OREGON, 3IONDAY, DECE3IBER 1, 1919.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
TATE ACTION Oil
IhS&SS NEWME IS SENT
KOLCHAK'S ARMY HIT
HARD BY BOLSHEVIKI
HARVARD INVITED TO
PLAY AT PASADENA
LABOR SEEKS LAW
TO CHECK CAPITAL
STRIKE CANCELED BY
EFFORTS ftT PEACE
i-iiil.io J in in urn
OAL CRISIS URGED
TACOJIA PRISONERS SHOW N
1000 OFFICERS AND 39,000
SOLDIERS REPORTED TAKEN.
SELE TIOX OF WESTERN TEAM
IS YET TO BE MADE.
KANSAS CITY RAILMEX TO RE
SUME WORK TODAY.
SIGN OF WEAKENING.
ernors of Seven Com
IEF IS HELD IMPERATIVE
Administrator for Each
PID ECONOMY DEMANDED
tabic Distribution on Basis of
. clonal Needs and Kf forts to
-la ten Production Asked.
rlTCAGO, Xov. 30. Governors of
soft coal producing states, at
l -nfurence today, agreed that the
povernments should take "'all
siblc" steps to obtain the produc-
of coal, and recommended to the
al irovernment that a complete
administration with an adminis-
r for eacn state appointed by the !
rnor be perfected immediately.
state executives also" requested
able distribution of coal under
-rm and rigid regulations in all
3 governors participating in the
rente called by Governor Gard
f Missouri announced that they
I adjourned to meet in St. Louis
r Sunday to await the further de-
vinent of the federal government's
for bringing about resumption
oduction of coal. Miles C. Riley
.U.tdi.son. Wis., secretary of the
iference. was instructed to proceed
Washington to remain there tem-
rarily as the governors' represent
'.ive and "to present to the authorl-
s the seriousness of the stiuation
Crinia Admittedly Xear.
Attending the conference were Gov-no-
y. o. Louden of Illinois, James
odrich of Indiana. W. L. Harding
Iowa, Gardner of Missouri, Robert-
of Oklahoma. A. H. Roberts of
incssee and Attorney R. J. Hop
's of Kansas, representing Gover-
Henrv J Allen.- " - .
'lie state executives were in agree
( i that their states faced a seri-
shortage of coal and that only
utmost conservation of all fuel
the most rigidly supervised dis-
:tion would prevent suffering of
people and disaster to industry,
rnor Gardner said it was the
ncnt of the meeting that the
' nors should make every effort
:ve the slate governments meet
oal situation in their coinmon-
ths. It was desired to co-oper-
ith tlie federal government and
the government had further
to put its plans for increasing
:ction into effect no further ac
by the governors' conference
il be taken until the next meeting.
State Anion la I rxrd.
c statement made public an-
ued that the conference had
limoutily agreed" on the follow
iat a more complete fuel admin.
I ;ion organization for the coun
f be perfected by the appointment
1 iu:e of a fuel administration in
. .-state to be recommended by the
1 mors, to be compensated by the
al government and to have full
e and control of all coal avail-
for his state.
ii i view the the statements of
jj f tor-General Hinea to the effect
f. the production of soft coal is
! ' In la ."i (I ti y . f r) t ff nnrmul nnri
of reports from other sources
j . e e rect mat tne proauction 01
T " coal is now above normal, all
"J , "nlnec andin stock In the United
";l i, both soft and hard, should be
,i, uuted equitably among the 48
f on tite basis of their needs as
''oped daring the war, regardless
e state where mined.
. . .
.,1 i EiniNiny una iiuprriure,
'' That rigli and uniform rules and
,-i Intions for the greatest conserva
: of coal throughout the union
U.rtnwitn estaousnea. promulgated
il hat the respective state govern-
!, s take all possible steps to se
ethe production of coal.
,rt 'at Miles. C. Riley, secretary of
governors conference, be directed
delegated to proceed to "Washing-
;i t present to the authorities
;l. .sness of the situation in
H ' and to.remain in that city t
present to the authorities the
lj ily as representative of the gov-
at the conference of governors
again on December 7 in St.
K A : fri r further iiiiiiHAraljnn
Vj jj Mine Ready to Reopen.
j es in many states were ready to-r-ji'
to reopen tomorrow on the basis
14 per cent wage advance fixed
f jel Administrator Garfield, but
'ti .jiticipated refusal of many union
to break their strike now one
, old left the prospect for in-
t cd production an unanswered
t with t:early the whole of the
t-y under fuel restrictions more
!e--nt than In war time, many gov
' s were considering taking some
i action similar to that of Gov-
: Henry J.i Allen of Kansas, who
over control of the strip mines
court receiverships and who
federal troops at the mines to
u and 1200 national guardsmen
vucludcd c?u l'ase 7, Culuiua 1.)
Indications of Fast Not Evident on
Any; Collapse of One Is Laid
to Another Cause.'
TACOMA, Wash., Nov. 30. There
were no signs of weakening tonight
in the hunger strike instituted four
days ago by 22 alleged members of
the I. W. W. held in jail here.
None of the men has shown any
indications of the fast, which reached
the ninety-sixth hour at dinner time
tonight when the men ignored the
meat placed before them.
One, was taken to the county hos
pital late last night. He is said to
have a high iever and is generally
weak, but physicians stated the man's
condition Is not due to hunger but
more to a run-down condition before
entering the jail.
Claims that the prisoners were be
ing fed by other prisoners were de
clared impossible by the police as
the alleged radicals are so placed, it
was said, that communication of this
sort is impossible.
"I wouid just as soon die here as
any other place," one of the men is
credited with having remarked.
The only interest shown in food oc
curred today when one of the prison
ers gave three lists of food they
would like for breakfast and asked
that it be given to Chief Harry Smith.
The menu read:
"Cornmeal mush with milk, stewed
fruit, coffee, bread and butter; sec
ond order, oatmeal mush with milk,
stewed fruit, coffee, bread and butter,
and the third drier rice with milk,
stewed fruit, coffee, bread and but
ter." . 3
'PICTURE BRIDES' UPHELD
Japanese Renounce Resolution oi
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 30. With a
protest against the action of the
board of directors of the Japanese
association of America, which on Oc
tober 30 adopted a resolution favor
ing elimination of the "picture bride'
practice, representatives of Japanese
colonies of California, Utah. Nevada
and Colorado plan to hold another
session here tomorrow.
At a meeting Saturday the Japanese
voiced their protests after bearing an
explanation of the terms of the reso
lution and its object.
With the assertion that the reso
luUvitJiad been adopted-without con
sulting the wishes of the Japanese
people, speakers said elimination of
the practice would take away the
privilege of marriage of Japanese in
America and they would be forced to
return to Japan for their brides, caus
ing a loss in money and time. They
asserted the action should not be
taken unless a substitute is offered.
CZECH COMMANDER SAILS
General Gaida, Leader or Revolt,
to Visit lTniled States.
VLADIVOSTOK, Nov. 30. (By the
Associated Press.) General Rudolph
Gaida. commander of the Czecho-Slo-vak
forces who led the revolt which
was suppressed here a week ago, de
parted today with four officers of his
staff on the steamer Jenza for Shang
hai, where they will remain a few
weeks before returning to Czecho
slovakia via the United States.
General Gaida last night received
from Prague word of his decoration
with the highest Czech award, the
Czech war cross, for service! with the
Czech army. He left wearing the
uniform of a lieutenant-general of
the Czech army. Disposition of the
remaining units of the Czecho-Slovak
forces in Siberia will be taken up in
negotiations between the Prague gov
ernment and the Russian government,
it was announced.
GUILTY PLEA RETRACTED
Fine of $250 Each and Six Months'
Sentence Cause Change of Mind.
CHEHALIS, Wash.,. Nov. 30. (Spe
cial.) After having been fined $250
and costs each and receiving sentences
of six months in the Lewis county jail
for making moonshine whisky and
selling it, Frank Soroni and wife, both
of McCormick. changed their minds.
Before Justice Prewitt they with
drew the plea of guilty and elected to
stand trial. Bail was fixed at $500
each. Soroni and wife will appear
before the superior court for trial.
U-BOAT FAST ON ROCKS
Navy Vessel Unable to Release Sub
NEWPORT, R. I., Nov. 30. Navy
vessels sent from here today in re
sponse to wireless calls from the sub
marine R-6, which grounded on
Black Rock, outside of New London,
during last night's storm, were un
successful in their attempts to re
lease the underwater craft.
The destroyers Bushnell and Cam
den were standing by late today.
EXPORTS TO BELGIUM BIG
Goods Valued at $283,-117,698
Sent From U. S. Since Armistice.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 30. Since the
war ended the United States has ex
ported to Belgium goods valued at
$283,417,698. or $37 per capita for
every inhabitant there, according to
a report today by the department of
Imports from Belgium during the
aatue period were ;,aui,tii.
TO MEXICO BY U.S.
Pen Argument Over Jail
ing of Jenkins Resumed.
WASHINGTON TALKS SHARPLY
Contents of Latest Protest
to Carranza Secret.
CONGRESS IS INTERESTED
Debate Over Strained Situation Is
Expected to Break Out in
Both. Houses Today.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 30. Another
note to the Mexican government re
lating to the arrest and imprisonment
of William O. Jenkins, consular agent
at Puebla, was sent by the state de
partment today to the embassy at
Mexico City for presentation tomor
row to Carranza.
The note, which some officials indi
cated might be the last on the sub
ject, was in reply to Mexico's answer
to a 'sharp demand by this govern
ment for immediate release of Jen
kins. No intimation 'of its character
was disclosed, but officials in touch
with the situation believed it was
more emphatic than any sent hereto
fore. Mexican Advices Meaner.
It was thought here tonight that
the note would be delivered by the
American representative to the for
eign office at Mexico City by noon
tomorrow but there was no state
ment as to when the text would be
made public. v
There were no advices to the de
partment today from the Mexican
capital concerning the Jenkins case
or the latest murder of another oil
man, Wallace, although the embassy
had been instructed to investigate
Senators and representatives, back
today for the regular session Of con-'
gress tomorrow, took a live interest
in latest dispatches from the south
ern republic and there were indica
tions "that debate would break loose
in both houses tomorrow on the gen
eral Mexican situation. Several sen
ators who had expected to discuss the
situation said they would itwait pub
lication of the last note from this
government before expressing their
Wilson May Comment.
In some quarters it was believed
that the president's message to con
gress to be presented Tuesday, would
have a good deal to say about Mexico.
MADRID, Nov. 30. The Mexican
legation here today issued a letter
protesting against the action of the
United States toward Mexico with re
gard to the arrest of American Con
sular Agent Jenkins at Puebla." The
letter says the case is an internal one
(Concluded on Page
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Immense Amount of Valuable War
Material Also Captured by -Reds
in Omsk District.
VLADIVOSTOK, Nov. 30. (By the
Associated Press.) Eleven generals
and 1000 officers of the army of Su
preme Ruler Kolchak were captured
by the bolshevik! at Omsk, according
to Colonel G. H. Emerson, assistant
to John F. Stevens, head of the Ameri
can railway commission. Thirty-nine
thousand troops also were taken.
War material seized by the bolshe
vik i, according to information received
by Colonel Emerson, included 200O.ma-
chine guns. 30.000 uniforms with over
coats, 4,000.000 rounds of ammuni
tion, 75' locomotives and 6000 loaded
An army of 30.000 partly trained
draft troops has witrirawn to guard
the Novonikaelovsk and Tomsk dis
Details of Kolchak's retreat from
Omsk show that the refugees ex
perienced great hardships, being
stalled for long periods in unheated
box cars. The personnel of the Kol
chak ministry was 15 days on the
road to Novo Nikolavsk. A number
of deaths occurred as a result of ex
The presence of 20,000 Czechs at
Irkutsk is regarded as a guarantee
that there will be no serious dis
turbances there over the political
PARIS, Nov. 30. (Havas.) T,he
news that the Polish army has formed
a Junction with the army of General
Denikine, the anti-bolshevik leader
in southern Russia, is confirmed in a
dispatch from Warsaw.
EX-CIRCUIT JUDGE DEAD
A. C. Archbold, Aged 84, Passes
Away at Hillsboro Home.
HILLSBORO, Or.. Nov. 30. (Spe
cial.) A. C. Archbold. once judge of
the circuit court in this county and
for 57 years a resident of the county,
died at noon today. He had attained
the age of 84. Funeral services will
be held at 2:30 o'clock tomorrow aft
ernoon at the Methodist church.
Mr. Arch'jold is survived by three
daughters and two sons. Miss Eliza
beth Archbold lives here in the fam
ily home. Mrs. E. C. Huntington,
another daughter, and, John Archbold,
one of the sons, are residents of
Portland. - ..
LADY ASTOR ALTERS PLAN
Action, Not Talk, Promised Wben
Seat Is Taken Today.
PLYMOUTH, Nov. 30. (By the As
sociated Press.) Lady Astor, accom
panied by her son, today left for Lon
don, when, tomorrow she will take
her seat as a member of the house ot
commons. Speaking with the As
sociated Press correspondent just be
fore her departure, she said:
, "The people will be disappointed if
they think 1 shall speak and act in
parliament as I have done during the
election campaigh. You don't talk
much if you want things done. Elec
tioneering is one thing and legis
lating is another."
University of Oregon, University of
Washington and Southern Call
forla Are Considered.
PASADENA, Cat, Nov. 30. An in
vitation to play here New Tear's day
with a western team, yet to be select
ed, has been sent to the football team
of Harvard university, it was an
nounced here tonight by A. J. Ber-
tonneau, a member of the football
committee of the Tournament of
The city of Pasadena Joined the
Tournament of Roses association in
extending the invitation.
No answer has been received, Mr.
Seward A. Simons, chairman of the
football committee or Pasadena, has
announced that for the choice of the
western team three football squads
are under consideration those of the
University of. Sou them California, the
University of Oregon and the Uni
versity of Washington. This question
will be settled tomorrow night.
Governor William D. Stephens may
join the city of Pasadena in formally
Inviting the eastern team to be one of
the participants in the'football game
between an eastern and a western
team played annually in connection
with the tournament of roses on New
WALLA WALLA ICEBOUND
and Electric Wires
Broken by Silver Than.
WALLA WALLA. Wash., Nov. 30.
TSpecial.) Walla Walla awoke this
morning to find about two more
inches of snow on the ground and
trees all over the city broken down
as a result of the silver thaw yester
day and last night. The sound of the
trees crashing down could be 'heard
all night. Many sidewalks were
blocked by large branches and some
huge trees fell across the streets
The electric light service was In
terfered with last night by breaking
wires several times. The snow covers
a good part of the wheat belt of the
county except in the light land dis
tricts. Farmers who had completed
their fall seeding are rejoicing over
the snowfall, as it will protect the
MINE PROPERTY WRECKED
Switch Track in Kansas District
-- Blown up by Dynamite.
TOPEKA, Kans, Now. 30. The
switch track to mine No.. 8 of the
Hamilton Coal Mine company in
Pittsburg district was wrecked by
dynamite last night, according to a
telegram received by Governor Allen
today from C. E. Sample and Ben
Gaitskill, state mine receivers.
MONARCHY PLOT BARED
German Socialists Discover Plan
for Return or Ex-Kaiser.
DUSSELDORF, Nov. SO. (Havas.)
The German socialists have dis
covered a monarchist plot.
The plot has as its purpose the re
turn to Qcrmany at the beginning of
December of ex-Emperor William
and Crown Prince Frederick William.
Safeguard in Corporation
'BARGAINING' CLAUSE WANTED
Federation Policy Toward
Legislation Is Outlined.
RAILWAY BILL IS RAPPED
"Government by Injunction" a
"Upbuilding oi Judicial Au
tocracy" Also Opposed.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 30. Organ
ized labor's attitude toward many
questions pending and likely to come
before congress was outlined today
by Matthew Wo'.!, vice-president of
the American Federation of Labor,
replying to a series of questions sub
mitted to labor leaders by Chairman
Hays of the republican national com
mittee. - To make the fruits of labor more
effectively usable for the welfare of
the country, capital and labor. Mr.
Woll declared, must be placed on an
equal footing by making all corpora
tion charters provide that under its
powers the holders might not deny
employes the right to organise, bar
gain collectively through "representa
tives of their choosing" or to deter
mine for themselves the conditions
and relations of their services. With
out these checks- on corporate pow
ers, ne said, "the domestic conflict
now raging cannot and will not be
"Judicial Autocracy" Opposed.
Discussing the plans to settle or
minimize industrial unrest. Mr. Woll
declared. "Arbitrary exercise of un
warranted and unconstitutional au
thority by our courts" could not allav
it, adding that "to avoid building up a
judicial aristocracy" the word of the
supreme court, state or federal,
should not be final on the constitu
tionality of an act. ' He proposed re
enactment of a measure.
government Dy injunction should
be prohibited; the rights and liberties
and freedom should be fully safe
guarded and the upbuilding of a ju
dicial autocracy made impossible for
all time to come."
I.raKoe Ratification I'rred.
t-ongress. he said, "should speedily
approve the covenant of the league
of nations, including the labor provi
sions contained In this remarkable
document, which holds the hope for
ruture peace of the world in Its keep
ing, instead of filibustering and fid
dling away like Nero while Rome was
. Measures to prohibit child labor,
total exclusion of immigration for
two years, a government employes' I
minimum wage and retirement act. a
federal employment service, elimina
tion of convict labor competition, sol
diers' land legislation, state loans to
homebuilders and repeal of all taxes
on necessities, were advocated. '
Mr. Woll denounced the pending bill
for railroad control offered by Sena
tor Cummins as "the most un-American
piece of legislation ever pro
posed by anyone." and suggested that
the railroads be not returned to pri
vate operation for two years to per
mit the people meanwhile to . say
what should be done with them.
Kqnal Wmge tor Women I'rired.
Under no circumstances, he con
tended, should any commission or
other agency be authorized to fix
wage or hours, and while the federal
compensation law has done good. It
should be amended as to its rates to
keep pace with the cost of living.
Women should receive equal treat
ment and pay with men, but should
receive tasks only proportionate to
their physical strength and potential
motherhood, he stated.
Discussing accident and unemploy
ment insurance, Mr. Woll declared the
true solution was to strike at unem
ployment itself by "a systematic
elimination of many of the seasona
ble industrial undertakings."
The United Mine Workers, he said,
in asking for a five-day week, were
"in reality asking for a greater period
of work than a greater period of idle
ness." Universal observance of the
eight-hour day would tend, he said, to
adjust conditions of unemployment in
Chance to Save Foreaeea.
If these matters were adequately
dealt with, he added, workers could
lay by savings to care for their fam
ilies in times of stress or idleness.
Answering if labor desired to par
ticipate in the control and manage
ment of industry and share in profits
and losses, Mr. Woll said profit shar
ing as thus far proposed was "a sham
and a fraud and a "cloak for excess
profits." The suggestions as to shar
ing profits and losses "borders on the
absurd." said Woll. who added:
"If workers are to share in the
losses, then let us establish shop
Soviets and let the workers also man
age and operate the entire' industries."
He said; "American labor demands
only a voice and control in such in
dustrial matters and management as
affect their interests as workers and
which are determined largely by their
contracts of employment.'
Representative of National Brother
hood Induces Men to Call
Off Unauthorized Act. ,
KANSAS CITT. Mo.. Dec. 1. The
strike of railway switchmen here,
which began Saturday, was called off
by the strikers early today.
Calling off the strike, it was an
nounced, followed a vote taken at a
mass meeting of strikers which lasted
far into the night. The strikers -will
return to work this morning.
Ending of the switchmen's strike, It
was said here, will greatly relieve the
serious situation confronting the city
because of the fuel famine, due to the
coal miners' strike. Whether requests
made by city offiicals for federal
troops to be used in connection with
the strike will be rescinded could, not
be learned early today.
The strike has been termed unau
thorised' by national officials of the
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen,
and a representative of the national
officers attended the strike meeting
and counseled the men to return to
The first indication that the strike
was ended came when a delegation of
strikers appeared at the office of W.
M. Corbett, general manager of the
Kansas City Terminal Railroad com
pany, and announced that the men had
voted to go back to -work.
PARIS STYLES HELD BAD!
'Let Pure Women of U. S. Dictate
Dress," Pleads Flying Parson.
NEW TORK, Nov. 30. The women
of New Tork adopted styles which
come from "the most immoral women
of Paris." declared Lieutenant B. W.
Maynard, the "flying parson," in a
sermon tonight at the Hanson Place
Methodist Episcopal church in Brook
lyn. The "flying parson" said he had
been "shocked by the lack of clothes
worn by women in New York." He
asserted that many of the women
wore dresses "cut so low In the back
that one can count every vertebrae
from the waist up."
"Let the pure women of America
dictate our styles," he pleaded.
LEGION CHASTENS I. W. W.
Reds Forced to StaatlAVhile Rand
Plays National Anthem.
DETROIT. Nov. 30. On command
of Police Commissioner Inches, the
large audience gathered tonight for
an I. W. W. meeting stood during the
enforced playing by their band of the
Star-Spangled "Banner. The hymn
was called for by American Legion
members, who had pre-empted the
first ten rows in the hall, after the
Crowd had stood and cheered for "The
Marsellaise" and a Russian anthem.
Four hundred policemen and 500
American Legion members attended.
Wm. D. Haywood, forbidden by
Inches to address the meeting, did
l'Ot come to Detroit.
MISS GOLDMAN BELLICOSE
Woman, Ordered Deported, Ready
Tor Fight to Last Ditch."
CHICAGO, Nov. 30. Emma Gold
man, in an address today, protested
against being deported, declaring she
was a naturalized citizen and would
"fiaht the government to the last
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TOD Y'S Rain; winds mostly southerly.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 53
degrees; minimum, 40 degrees.
Thousand officers and 3B.0OO troops
wrested from Kolchak by bolshevik'
forces at Ormsk. Page 1.
Kolchak council of ministers resigns.
Secretary Baker urges reorganization of
srmy and war department. Page 4.
Insertion of labor clauses in corporation
charters proposed as check on capital.
Striking switchmen cancel strike. Page 1.
U. S. sends new note to Mexico. Page 1.
Panama canal now free from slides.
IS8.75O.O0O expended In relief to be re
paid to United States by Europeans, de
clares Hoover. Page 5.
Immediate state action on coal crisis
urged by seven governors. Page 1.
Father clears girl, suicide, of blame
Congress to resume grind today. Page 1.
Arrests in ewDerry election rraurt case
are to be made this week. Page .
Fuel and water famine faced In Missouri.
Harvard is Invited to play at Pasadena.
Independent colleges of Oregon favor re
strictions for athletic activities. Page 7.
I. W. W. in Tacoma still on hunger strike.
Everett high to play Toledo. Ohio, eleven,
in race for U. S. school title. Page 10.
Kealoha's rise to swimming fame rapid.
Pasadena and Notre Dame game here
likely to be decided today. Page 10.
Portland and Vicinity.
Mayor Baker ' delivers citizenship sermon
to ' Wilbur memorial congregation.
Ex-President Taft Indorses Episcopal nation-wide
campaign. Page 18.
Dr Morrison and Trinity church congre
gation . celebrate 20th anniversary.
Diablo' oil disappearance continues mys
tery. Page 12.
Condition of 12th federal reserve district
shown to be excellent. Page 17.
Portland business men will vlait woolen
mill tomorrow. Page 16.
Sale of Christmas seals beginning today
promises to be record one. Page 7.
Finding quarters for 75,000 Shriners no
easy task, says J. P. Jaeger. Page .
Jlerchant-marlne problem put up to ship
ping Interests ot nation. Page 12.
Congress Will Try to Ef
NEW SESSION OPENS TODAY
Wilson in Message May Out
line Action on Treaty.
MUCH LEGISLATION AHEAD
Early Consideration of Mexican
Situation and Railroad
Measure Is Forecast.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 30. Congress
will return to work tomorrow with
the prospect of being kept on the job
until the presidential campaign next
Although a new effort for compro
mise ratification of the peace treaty
is expected to follow closely the re
convening of congress, discussion
among returning senators tonight re-
vealed little optimism that the ques
tion would be brought to a decisive
stage for some weeks.
In the absence of information as to
what President Wilson will recom
mend in his message, republican and
democratic leaders in the senate were
preparing to go ahead with long
delayed general :egislati6n which
many senators on both sides declare
is urgently demanded by sentiment in
their home districts.
It was agreed generally that even it
the president asked that the fight
for ratification be renewed at once,
the work In that direction would be
carried on privately in conferences of
the opposing senate groups while
other business proceeded without in
terruption on the senate floov.
Compromise Collated Certain.
In some quarters the impression
gained ground that Mr. Wilson would
touch but. briefly upon the treaty in
his message and would let further
formal action regarding it wait until
a compromise plan had been per
fected. In order to get it before the senate
again in a parliamentary sense it
will be necessary, in the view of most
senators, for the executive to submit
it again for ratification.
Compromise talk tonight seemed to
be about where it was when the spe
cial session ended, with the republic
an forces holding out for the major
ity reservations and the democrats
determined to prevent ratification
unless these reservations were modi
fied. There were many reports of defec
tions in the democratic ranks, but
the democratic leaders belittled such
stories and declared a compromise
was bound to come.
I.odae Vlfws Treaty Status,
Senator Lodge, republican leader of
the senate, declared in a statement
tonight that he hoped to see prompt
action taken on the treaty, but If
President Wilson still refused to ac
cept reservations, those determined
to "Americanize" it stood ready to
meet him on that issue before the
"The general feeling in Massachu
setts is unmistakably one of great
satisfaction that the treaty was not
allowed to pass without the reserva
tions put on by the senate," Senator
"The .situation Is perfectly simple.
By decisive majorities the senate pat
on 14 reservations, all designed sole
ly to protect the safety, independence
and sovereignty of the United States.
They did not nullify the treaty. They
simply Americanized it. If the presi
dent had not interfered and issued
orders against accepting the reserva
tions the treaty would have been
ratified with the reservations on No
Reservations Hed Essen t la L
"Those reservations the work of
months represent the views of the
United States senate, and. in my
judgment, of a vast majority of the
people of the country. They con
stitute the Irreducible minimum. Im
material verbal changes would be
foolish and needless.
"If the president desires to have
prompt ratification of the treaty with
Germany he has only to accept the
reservations as they stand. We de- '
sire final action, as I have said, but
action must be based on the accejft
ance of the reservations as they are..
I hope prompt action will be taken,
but if the president decides that he
will not accept these reservations and
insists upon carrying them over rb
the elections, those who are deter
mined that the treaty shall be Amer
icanized stand ready to meet him on
that issue before the people."
No formal working programme had
been mapped out tonight by members
of the house and senate, but the gen
eral view was that the railroad bill
and the resolution declaring the war
at an end would come before the sen
ate for immediate consideration.
The house will get the usual assort
ment of appropriation bills and reso
lutions. The Mexican situation is ex
pected to come to the front at the
opt n ins. There will be only a formal