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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 25, 1919)
TTTE. MORXIXG OTlEGOXIAX, TUESDAY. NOVEMBER 2.. 1019. .1
PJITTI IS CONFIDENT
ITALY WILL SURVIVE
Revolution Reports Branded
as Simply Absurd.
PUBLIC UNREST IS FELT
rciuier Declares Situation Is Part
ly Fault of Allies Plea
Ma.de to America.
ROM hZ, Sunday. Nov. 23. (By the
Associated Press.) "The. peoples of
Kurope wiit not hav another war.
and because trie socialists form a
party which always Has opposed war,
the people of Italy voted for them."
aid Francisco Nitti. the premier, in
explaining to the correspondent today
the present Italian situation and the
true meaning of the last general elec
tion w lien the number of socialist
members of the chamber of deputies
more than tripled. He characterized
reports tn circulation abroad that
Italy was on the verge of a revolution
hs "simply absurd." Premier Nitti
"The result of elections surprised
many, but not those who followed
i-arefully the cou-se of events and
their effect. Of the 508 deputies in
the chamber t here will be about 90
Catholics, a little more than 150 so
cialists and 10 or 12 republicans. This
leaves 250 constitutional deputies rep
resenting moderate tendencies, be
sides the Catholics, who are fervent
patriots. The majority of them are
sincere democrats, ready to partici
pate in the government of the coun
- rlMr l nrcMt I lamed.
"In addition the majority of so
cialists returned is not the expression
of a political programme, but rather
of the public state of mind., which
can be understood by the countries
which have gone through the war
and which realize the conditions of
unrest resulting therefrom.
"Mce. for instance, what happened
in Belgium, where the majority of
the socialists is enormous. Therefore,
it was unreasonable not o expect
something of the same nature. Four
fifths at least of the Italian social
ists belong to the labor party and
a re representatives of the claims of
the working classes in the social and
economic fields, and, therefore, an ex
pression of the new great industrial
democracy which is being built up.
Itoly'M Privation Cited.
"The break-up of the Austro-Hun-garian
empire precipitated the fall of
(iermany. During the war Italy suf
fered the greatest of privations. "She
had the smallest quantity of food
and fuel and bore all sorts of hard
ships. Thousands of Italians lost all
that made life dear to them, but, vol
untarily, with their eyes oiened, they
entered the awful struggle for the
fulfillment of the noblest ideals and
"Now the war has ceased for a
year. ICver since the Italians have
seen their national aspirations op
posed with a hardness and inflexi
bility which wounds them profoundly.
All our al lies have gained from the
war infinitely more tnan Italy. While
Italy for long months has struggled,
thus far it has been unsuccessfully
for her object which, after all, has
merely sentimental value. j
"Was it worth while to oppose us
so cruelly regarding Fiume? An irreg
ular situation has arisen both - in
Flume and TJalmatla. The discontent
which has blazed up in our army and
navy is the result of many errors of
our own, but, above all I say it sol
emnly and deliberately they are lna
great measure due to the conduct of
Appeal Made to America.
'I call with my whole soul upon
the great American public to help us
settle the thorny question of Fiume.
The latest programme of Foreign
Minister Tittoni is so very moderate
that it ought to be accepted. We ab
solutely can yield no further.
I have always felt sincere friend
ship for America and claim that
America should be on our side
should help us escape from this pain
ful situation. I have addressed my
self personally to President Wilson
as a friend. I address the American
nation also as friends. Do not let
the Italian people possess the hate
ful feeling that the great American
democracy opposes what is just. As
the Adriatic question may cause a
new and violent contlict, Italy desires
to settle it as quickly as possible.
"As I said before, Italy does not
desire further wars. Even with the
Jugo-Slavs she wishes to have
friendly relations. They are our
neighbors and must therefore, both
in their own interests and ours, share
in our civilization.
Great Economy Promised.
"No country perhaps has greater
courage than Italy in enduring great
sacrifices. Therefore, we shall re
duce all our expenses. In a few days
2,000,000 lire of new taxation is to be
imposed and we shall launch a loan
destined to decrease our paper cur
rency. Add to this the admirable
power of our people o work, and if
America will have confidence in us
and provide us with raw materials on
credit we will soon pull ourselves to
gether; soon our finances will re
cover and, unless some new unpro
pitious event shall occur, we will be
the first country of Kurope to put
our finances into satisfactory shape.
e need peace as the first con
dition of our life a peace that, will
enable us to make great strides in
"I want to proclaim aloud that the
imperialistic tendencies attributed to
Italy are erroneous. The best men
we produce are men of democratic
ideas. Italy is a sane and healthy
country. Its only trouble is the dis
content among us, which is greatly
due to the attitude of our allies.
"We trust also that we shall have
the support of your Latin sister re
publics of South America, to which
we are bound by so manv racial
social and linguistic ties and by the
same spirit of freedom and democ
Revolt Reports Denied.
"The Italian socialists form a roartv
destined sooner or later to abandon
their negative attitude for partic
pat ion in the government. Do not
be led away by aoDearanees. Most o
the votes given the socialists were
not given for the love of socialists,
but signify many other things; first
t:e discontent inevitable after the
war, and second, the dissatisfaction
felt in Italy for the way her motives
nave been Impugned.
'Reports circulating abroad I
must say especially in America
about our situation and the condition
or puuiic order in Italy, are abso
lutoiy raise and even ridiculous.
xne contuiuauy say we are on
the rerge of revolution, which is sim
ply absurd. Considering the excep
uonai moments itaiy is passing
tnrougn- like ail the Kurooean na
Hons, and also after-war psychology,
the general elections in Italy oc
curred with txtraordinari.'v few in
cidents wortriy of mention.
"Now public order is perrect In
deed, and this is a oast which few
nations can make nowadays. There
is not a single str-.ke in Italy.
"Kverything leads us to hope that j
the entire country is ready to devote
itself whole-heartedly to the. much-1
needed task of reconstruction.'' - Th is j
being the position of affairs irf Italy. '
it is easy to imagine bow hari it
seems to us that our condition is not
judged with justice and equity, espe
cially by our friends in America. I
have often told them that their ob
stinacy in not helping us solve our
difficulties is only explained by their
having an incorrect, that is. no just
appreciation of our efforts and sacri
fices. "It is useless to hide the truth. Italy
feels she has been unjustly treated.
Let us look at the question dispas
sionately. Of the three European
powers which waged war against
Germany, Italy is . the country that,
proportionately to her national riches,
resources and population, suffered-the
mbst and is still suffering. We are
still eating war bread; the meat sup
ply is absolutely inadequate tathe
needs of the population, and there is
not enough milk for the children
and the sick. "We have no coal and
are burning the remainder of our
Entry fa War Recalled.
"In addition, Italy was the only
country amoigr the allies which en
tered the war spontaneously by its
own choice. , France fought because
Germany invaded her territory; Kng-
land because she had guaranteed the
neutrality of Belgium, and would have
dishonored herself by being, false to
her word. Italy was drawn iitto' the
conflict' by three reasons: By her
sense of ideality; by her determina
tion to sacrifice in herself in order
to oppose a monstrous domination,
and finally to obtain her unredeemed
"Italy freely chose to suffer. It
probably was not realized by our al
lies absorbed in their own terrible
struggle, that during the war Italy
was often left to fight her battle alone
against all the forces of the Austro-
Hungarian empire, which were su
perior to us in numbers and materials.
After the collapse of Kussia we strug
gled alone and conquered."
him nunc muniCD
UnVI I IllUd yUIUILll
WAY TO BUILD GUNS
One-Piece Weapons Prove to
Be Successful Experiment.
NEW PLAN SAVES COST
permanent highway by way of that f
town, the court overruling the de
murrer interposed by K. M. Devers
on behalf of the commission and the
Douglas county court, who were en
joined by Riddle people from begin
ning construction work on the Can
yonville cutoff road.
Judge Hamilton held that the Pa
cific highway had been established
by the commission and 'that the commission-
has power to make only local
changes and that the question of
whether or not the cut-off road is a
local change must be settled in court.
The ooinion also held that toe
action of the commission in starting
work before purchasing the right of
way was improper, procedure ana
that the construction of a third road
such as. is proposed is a waste of
funds'.- A -
CHARGE OF.. FRAUD FAILS
ACTRKSS LOSES SUIT ACiAIXST
PORTLAND KKALTV MAX.
Court Refuses Relief to Mvy Burke,
lio Asked Damages for Al
leged Misrepresentation. i
LArmanent for Dreadnauglits' Being
i-Speeded Up; Fire Control, Appa
ratus Held Equal to Any.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 24. A new
method of gun construction for the
navy promised economy in both time
and cost, according to Rear-Admiral
Ralph Karle. chief of ordnance, whose
annual report was made public today,
Kadml expansion by hydraulic
pressure to obtain the necessary ad
herent srength, or elasticity, in the
built-up weapons is the basis of
the new plan. Experimental four-inch
monobloek, or one-piece guns, have
proved thoroughly efficient under
test, the report said, indicating:: fur
Const ruction of 16-inch guns for the
remaining ships authorized in the
three-year period, including the six
43,000-ton dreadnaughts and six bat
tle cruisers, is being speeded up, the
report said. -More than 115,000 tons of
armor plate still will be required.
During the war. the report said
not a "single warship or merchant
man was held up by the lack of am
munition." To supply the new ships,
it was said, increased facilities for
torpedo construction will be needed
and every effort to increase the "de
structive force and range" of the tor
pedo also will be made. Improved
tire control apparatus, based on ex
perience gained In the war, will make
the United States navy the equal in
this equipment of any in the world
the report said.
Cancellation of naval ordnance con
tracts after the armistice has cut off
expenditures of Jl 60.000.000. it was
said, of the total of t&63,70,000 in or
ders placed from July 1, 1H1S. An
additional $7,000,000 is said to be
saved through adjustments.
J. O. Iilrod, wealthy Portland realty
man, was cleared of fraud allegations
made in the complaint of Mary Burke,
who contended that land was sold her
in Yamhill county under gross mis
representations, when Circuit Judge
Tucker handed dowi a decision yes
terday denying relief to the plain
tiff. One of the'-chief points on which
Judge Tucker based his decision was
that a brother of the young woman
had examined the land in question
before purchase. The jurist held that
it was on the recommendation of this
brother, not the assertions in a sale
pamphlet, that the land was pur
chased. Miss Burke, an actress, paid $800
for 80 acres of land in Yamhill coun
ty in 1910. About $500 was spent in
improvements, it was shown, but
when returns on the investment were
not forthcoming, suit for approxi
mately $1300 was filed, alleging
The defense contended that the. land
was excellent but that sufficienT care
had- -not. ;- been given appie - trees
BEAN PROPOSAL OPPOSED
HASTENING CAPITAL PUNISH
MENT HELD IMPOSSIBLE.
VAN DOZER URGES ACTION
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE TOLD
TO BE AGGRESSIVE. -
CALIFORNIA MILK LOWER
Outside Pasteurization Permitted
by San Francisco Hoard.
SA.V FRAXCrscO. Nov. 24. An
ordinance permitting the pasieuriza
tion of milk outside of San Francisco
in order to reduce the price here
from 15 to 13 cents a quart was
passed by the board of supervisors
Officials of the San Francisco Re
tail Grocers" association announced
that the first shipment of the lower
priced milk would be put on sale
here within five days.
Xew President of Body Calls Atten
tion to Importance oC Restoring
Sea Tonnage to Pre-War Basts.
With the declaration that the Port
land Chamber of Commerce must be
aggressive and quick to seize an op
portunity for Portland and Oregon,
and the promise that while he is in
executive capacity he will bare all
opposition that arises from business
and political motives. President H.
B. VanDuzer, new chief of the or
ganization, addressed members coun
cil at luncheon yesterday concerning
progress in the past and policies of
President Van Duzer directed at
tention to the loss of Portland's sea
borne tonnage, owing to conditions
arising .from the war. adding that
the return to pre-war cond Itons
places the port squarely before the
necessity for restoring and increasing
this vital contribution to local development-.
He asserted that the
committee 'in charge of port develop
ment, and'' in whose hands this situa
tion is placed, must speedily work
out a solution or resign but added
that he has confidence that Max
House r and his fellow committee
men will solve the problem- and
restore the port to its place in world
Concerning the proposed naval base
at Astoria. President Van Duzer de
clared that the local chamber is
thoroughly in accord with th de
velopment of the mouth of the Co
lumbia, or any other port in Oregon,
but that Portland reserves the right
to reach out for the trade and port
development to which the port of
Portland is justly entitled.
RIDDLE WINSR0AD FIGHT
First Clasli in Court Is Lost by
.ROSEBURG, Or.. Nov. 24. (Spe
cial.) In a decision announced by
Judge Hamilton this morning Riddle
wins the first count in the legal bat
tle with the state highway commis
sion to compel establishment of the
DEAD'S GIFTS AWARDED
Court Sustains Mrs. Beaver's Claim
for Holt's Articles.'
SEATTLE, Wash., Nov. 24. Mrs.
Minnie Elaine Deaver, wife of James
R. Deaver, retired sergeant major off
marines, recently acquitted in the su
preme court of a charge of murder
In connection with the death of H. H.
Holt, September 27, today, under an
order by Judge Mitchell Gilliam, got
possession of certain articles which
she said Holt had given her but were
found in his possession at the time
of his death. The articles included
pair of diamond earrings, a gold
watch, a $50 Liberty bond and an
The state contended at the.-tlme of
Deaver's trial that Holt's attentions
to Deaver's wife had caused the al
leged shooting. Deaver denied all
knowledge of the affair and the Jurj
! found a verdict of not guilty.
peciul Session of Legislature Now,
Say State Officials, Would "ot
SALEM. Or., Nov. 24. (Special.)
State officials here generally disap
prove the proposal of .X. E. Bean,
representative from Lane county, to
call a special session of the state
egislature to restore capital punish
ment in Oregon. Officials declare
tha,t the expense of calling the law
makers toge'ther would exceed SjOOO,
while the return of the gallows would
not be expedited.
The move to restore the death
penalty involves a constitutional
menument, so officials say, and con
sequently it would have to be referred
to the voters for ratification. To get
the measure before the voters before
the November election in 1920 it
would &e necessary to summon the
egislators and also hold a special
election at an outlay of $dO,000.
On account of the nearness of the
1920 elections officials say the call
ng of a special session would be a
waste of public funds.
NAME "BAYER" ON
Get relief "without fear as
told in "Bayer package"
Removing the Fangs
of the Typewriter
List of Uteri
81 Fourth St.
The "Bayer Cross" fs the thumb
print of genuine "Bayer Tablets ot
Aspirin. -It protects you against imi
tations and positively Identifies the
genuine Aspirin prescribed by physi
cians tor over eighteen years.
Always buy an unbroken packaire
of "Bayer laoiets of Aspirin" which
contains proper directions to safely
relieve colds. Headache. Toothache,
Earache, Neuralgia, Lumbago. Rheu
matism, Neuritis, Joint Pains, and
Handy tin boxes of twelve tablets
cost but a few cents. Druggists also
sell larger "Bayer", packages. Aspir
in is the trade mirk of Bayer Manu
facture of Monoaceticacidester of
Took Out Dreadful Sorrneas.
When the kidneys are weakened or
overworked. so that they fail to filter
and throw all impurities out of the
blood -the poison remains in the sys
tem and backache, soreness, lameness
and rheumatic pains are likely to de
velop. Mrs. David Henry, 65 S. Lin
coln Ave., Washington, Jf. J., writes:
"Foley Kidney Pills are doing me
much good, -both my kidneya and the
rheumatism. They took all the dread
ful soreness out of my limbs.": Adv.
Once upon a time the average
automobile tattoo'd the air like a
boiler factory. Now it purrs like
a kitten. . - v.
So, too, the greatest machine of
modern business The Typewriter
Plus. It has lost the clatter of the
machine shop. It has gained
efficiency! . .
Your nerves will thank you for ...
buying The Noiseless Typewriter.
Before going any further,
ask yourself this question:
"Can I use a few1 . more
" Or, "Am I likely to give
someone shirts for Christ
mas?" If the answer to either
question is "yes" .
You'll thank us for tell
SEE THE BACK PAGE
Charge Purchases During This Sale Entered on Statement Rendered January 1 1920
v . .' - ;
An Event of Unprecedented Possibilities
. This sale will appeal to women of modest means, as it affords an extensive variety of fashionable
garments at prices every woman can pay.
k This sale will appeal to women of average means as it offers an endless variety of finer garments
at the average woman's price.
This sale will appeal to women of exclusive, luxurious taste, as the finest Liebes one-of-a-kind gar
ments are included at sharp reductions.
A Remaining Day to
Select the Thanks
Suit or Coat
Jeraey j I
The following assortments comprise
growns of every description. The
conservative or extreme taste can
' $28.65 .
Including lavishly and richly designed
party, dancing and evening frocks.
Suits that you may wear throughout
the winter and into the spring if you
desire. Suitable fabrics and colors
for all seasons. ' '
November Sale "-Liebes" Coats of Utmost Charm
A finer assortment of beautiful styles
cannot be imagined. Long graceful lines,
belted and unbelted, with their large
collars which can be brought up snug
around the neck. Many pretty fur
Select from r
One of the most prominent features of
the November Sale is a showing of very
6mart sport coats at two tempting prices.
Polo Tan $28.65
Well tailored in a most pleasing style.
Convertible collar, patch pockets and neat
leather belt are some of the appealing
features contained in these coats.
Three-quarter length of navy or Pekin
silvertone with convertible collar, belt
and patch pockets; attractively trimmed
" with black and tan vici kid. Full lined
with fancy silk.
November Sale Liebes' Silk Petticoats of Many Colors
j OCT AH jersey, jersey top with taffeta
at. and satin flounces, all taffeta and
all satin models in new straight-line effects, hand
somely trimmed, beautiful color combinations. A very
unusual value. .
i tf o or A limited number only. All taffeta
dl ipO.OO and jersey top petticoats with taf
feta flounces in tucked, hemstitched and ruffle
trimmed ; a good variety of colors, both plain and
I (Porttd) j
5 1 m mmtmi yttrnm
Phone Your Want Ads to
: THE OREGONIAN
Main 7070 A 6095
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1 Piano. Plaver or
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rchandb of Merit Qnjjf
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