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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 28, 1919)
TIIE MORNING OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1919.
V Jltormw 0rtmtan
mABLlSIIED BY HENRY I. PITTOCK.
-Published by The Oregonian Publishing- Co.
13." Sixth Street, Portland. Oregon.
C. A. MUKDEN. JC. B. PIPER.
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' irolt Mich. San J-'rancisco representative,
. Jt. .1. Bldwell.
President Wilson assumes a heavy
responsibility in his veto of the pro-
hibition act. Clearly, he has under
taken to restore in the "wet" states
a short "wef .period before constitu
- tional prohibition can become effec-
. tive. Logically he must, ana suppos
; edly will, now end the war-time pro-
- hibition by declaring demobilization
- complete and restoring the status
quo in the breweries and distilleries
' and the surviving saloons of the
; If the stores of liquor lawfully
; manufactured and still on hand
- could be disposed of in any way ei
oept through the medium of the sa
I loon, or of public sale to any and all
comers, the president's astonishing
act would have produced no great
commotion. But the reopening of
the saloon, once effectively and
- wisely closed, means an orgy of
:. drunkenness, dissipation, waste, idle-
ness and criminality in metropolitan
centers, and a demoralizing and
- wretched experience wherever the
.. raloon is tolerated. In times so
tense and uncertain it is an unhappy
' and unfortunate reversion to old
dangers, now greatly aggravated by
; the reckless and restless temper of
- many men and some women. -- -
The president has sought to ren-
der a service to the makers and own-
ers of stores of liquor. But in doing
it he has served the country illy. It
would be better, far better, to pay
these men out of the government
treasury for their losses, and turn
their whiskey, beer and wines into
the gutter than to permit it to be
.. passed out over the old-time and
sadly-disgraced bars. ... .
FACTS CALLING FOB ACTION'.
The evidence of Lieutenant Van
. Euren, of General Wood's staff at
;" Gary, and of Oscar E. Anderson,
chairman of the steelworkers" coun
cil at that town, raised some ques
tions in the public mind which call
.. for answers from members of the
; cabinet and from strike leaders.
Asked whether he did not think
f the unions "would get further be-
fore the public if you got rid of these
i. reds, purged your organization com
pletely of them and went ahead
' without them," Mr. Anderson an-
m- We don't make religious and political
- distinctions in calling a strike.
Then do the leaders of the steel
workers call the distinction between
men who are loyal to the American
' republic and the men who seek to
T destroy it by revolution a "political
T. distinction?" That is an application
; of political terms which is common
" in countries where revolution is the
only known means of settling contro
versies between parties, but it is not
" accepted in the United States where
controversies are settled by the bal
lot and where the minority submits
i- to the verdict. Mr. Anderson's reply
suggests that, though he may have
been naturalized, he is not yet an
; Lieutenant Van Buren said that
the army officers found in Gary
thousands of copies of the manifesto
of the communist party of Russia,
printed by the Arbeiter Zeitung Pub
lishing company of Chicago and
i. when Senator Kenyon asked: "Is this
" stuff going through the malls?" he
replied: "Oh yes."
Then the mails operated by the
government are actually used to cir
culate literature advocating the vio
lent destruction of the government.
Lieutenant Van Buren produced a
considerable quantity of I. W. W. lit
erature seized at Gary, and he said
.that nearly all of the members of a
Hungarian society who were arrested
said they were members of the I. W.
W. Was not the effect of the con
viction of Haywood and others at
.. Chicago to declare the I. W. W. a se
; ditious conspiracy, to be hunted
down wherever it showed itself?
There seems to be work for Attor
ney- General Palmer here.
. - The lieutenant also showed circu
lars printed by the German-Ameri
can Citizens league, the purpose of
which is "to perpetuate German kul-
tur in the United States," which sup
ports "any kind of anti-American
agitation" and which prints "this
; typical red literature in Germany.'
; Peace with Germany has not yet
been proclaimed, the espionage act
is still in operation, and it would
seem to be the attorney-general'
duty to pursue the good work of ex-
terminating German kultur which
our soldiers did in France.
Lieutenant Van Buren also said
, regarding the members of the Hun
garian Socialist Federation:
We looked up Several men on this list.
and recommended that they be deported.
The immigration authorities refused to
act. however, though one of them admit
ted he was a socialist, an I. W. W. and a
bolshevik. It seems you have to get them
with a bomb In tltelr hands before the im
migration, officials will act.
This implies that the immigration
; commissioner needs zeal to learn
how to do it, in place of his present
- In the) American Legion' we hav
an active, aggressive force in favor
of law enforcement, preservation o
the government and destruction of
all revolutionary activity. It would
do good service by stirring into ac
tion the postmaster-general, the at
torney-general, the immigration com
missioner and any other officials
'who are asleep at the switch.
The degree of reliance which can
be placed on a union police force was
demonstrated by the riots growing
out of the street car strike at Knoi
ville, Tenn. Charges of inefficiency
were made against the police, one
member was accused of giving a dol
lar to 'a strikebreaker who deserted
his car, and troops were ordered to
the city to restore order. The proof
is clear that when the police owe a
dual allegiance to the law and to a
labor union and when labor becomes
riotous, the people are deprived of
the protection of the law. A police
man, like any other man, cannot
serve two masters.
THE PI.ArN TRUTH.
(From the statement of President Wilson
on the coal strike.)
"It is time for plain speaking.
These matters with which we now
deal touch not only the welfare of a
class, but vitally concern the well
being, the comfort and the very life
of all the people. I feel it is my duty
in the public interest to declare that
any attempt to carry out the purpose
of this strike, and thus to paralyze
the indsutry of the country with the
consequent suffering and distress of
our own people, must be considered
a grave moral .nd legal wrong
against the government and the peo
ple of the United States. . I can do
nothing else than to say that law will
be enforced and the means will be
found to protectthe. interests of the
nation in any emergency that may
arise out of this unhappy business.
"From whatever angle the subject
may be viewed it is apparent that
such a strike in such circumstances
would be the most far-reaching plan
ever presented in this country to
limit the facilities of production and
distribution of a necessity of life and
thus indirectly to restrict the pro
duction and distribution of all the
necessaries of life. A strike under
these circumstances is not only un
justified, it is unlawful.
"I cannot believe that any right of
any American worker needs for its
protection the taking of this extra
ordinary step, and I am. convinced
that when the time and money are
considered it constitutes a funda
mental attack which is wrong, both
morally and legally, upon the rights
of society and upon the welfare of
our country." .
SOME THINGS LABOR MUST LEARN.
The plan for amicable adjustment
of labor disputes which was proposed
at the industrial conference by Sec
retary of Labor Wilson has some
merit and might have some chance
of acceptance under other circum
stances. It would need to be guarded
against the unreasonable delays
which marked the operations of the
war labor board. These delays were
so great as to amount to denial of
justice and they were themselves the
cause of strikes.
But. before any plan of arbitration
and mediation can have any chance
of success, labor must be brought to
accept certain principles as axioms,
which neither they nor any other
party to a labor dispute may dare to
One Is the inherent right of the
nation to forbid a strike as injurious
to the nation's paramount right to
live. This principle was lost to sight
so long as strikes affected only a
single mill or mine or only the mines
or mills of a single district for then
he loss and suffering were local and
were mitigated by ability to obtain
supplies elsewhere. But strikes now
involve all the steel works and may
involve all the coal mines or all the
railroads and may cut off the entire
supply of some necessary commodity
or service. Therefore the right to
strike must be subordinated to the
higher right of the nation to live.
Labor needs also to learn that a
contract, when made by the author-
zed officers of a union, must be ob
served by all the members of that
union, and may not be broken be
cause some become dissatisfied or
because a union sees an opportunity
by striking to extort better terms. In
business no man will deal with one
who acts in that manner, and the
same rule must apply to labor
On the same principle, an agree
ment to submit a controversy to ar
bitration is an agreement to abide by
the decision, whatever it may be. Un-
ess labor shows good faith and ac
cepts an adverse decision as readily.
though not as cheerfully, as one in
bis favor, employers will not arbi
Not many years have passed since
labor called for arbitration and the
difficulty was to induce employers to
consent. Employers now show gen
eral readiness to accept it, but labor
prefers to fight out its quarrels by
striking. There must be a change
of attitude on the part of labor, and
this may be hastened by the change
of front on the part of the public.
which has come around to the opin
ion that strikes are often declared to
enforce unjust demands and finally
as incidents of revolution-, and that
the right to strike does not include
the right to cause nation-wide suf
fering. When this has been impressed
on the mind of- labor and when the
reds have been suppressed, impris
oned or deported, the time may be
ripe for new efforts at arbitration.
REINSTATING WAR INSCRANCK.
The decision of the United States
treasury department that soldiers
and sailors who have been out of the
service eighteen, months or longer
may reinstate their policies up to
December 31, 1919, by paying two
months premiums, providing they
are still physically insurable, is a
strong indication of the desire of the
government to stand between the
men and the possibility of their
abandoning the principle of life in
surance. The government is in
disinterested position. It would profit
financially by discontinuance of pol
lcies on which it is losing money, but
large considerations of public benefit
prevail. The statement of a govern
ment actuary mat the premium
charges actually represent a loss of
$30 a year to the government on
each maximum policy is an excellent
argument in favor of not permitting
these government insurance policies
to lapse. -
The recognized position of life in
surance in the scheme of thrift, the
fact that it is no longer necessary to
argue with the experienced business
man to induce him to provide him
self with it, would make it appear
that the government, offering pro
tection below cost, ought not to have
any difficulty about holding its cus
tomers. But millions of lapsed poli
cies furnish uncontrovertible evi
dence that theory and practice do
not match. Soldiers and sailors
probably never will be able to Insure
their lives as cheaply as under gov-
1 eminent auspices, yet successive a p.
peals from war insurance headquar
ters fail to stem the tide.
There seems to be something in
herent in the fact of government
management and direction that mili
tates against its success in compe
tition with private enterprise. An in
surance solicitor who said in New
York the other day that he was
meeting with his greatest success
among ex-service men illustrated the
point. There are a few phases of
government insurance which un
doubtedly could be improved upon;
there is not much doubt that some
improvements will be made in the
course of time; but while congress
and the bureaus struggle with poli
tics and red tape, private enterprise
adapts itself quickly, to circum
stances, meets the new needs as they
arise, and walks away with the busi
ness. A CRISIS COMING IN BRITAIN.
Although defeat of the British
cabinet in a vote on the alien bill
may not be deemed serious enough
to cause an immediate crisis, it is an
important stage in the gradual
break-up Of the Lloyd George coali
tion ever since It was elected to par
liament last December b'y the great
est majority in history. The cabinet
has been open to a constant series
of attacks from all sides, and has
been held responsible for all the
troubles which were the inevitable
accompaniment of reconstruction.
The present government is an an
omaly because it is supported by a
large body of unionists, a handful
of liberals and a handful of laborites,
and is headed by a radical who was
the unionists' bitterest enemy until
the necessities of war drove them to
accept him as the man of the hour.
It started . with an ambitious pro
gramme of reconstruction, in execu
tion of which it has been embar
rassed by its tory backing, by the
absence of its premier at the peace
conference and by the problems of
demobilization. Labor, conscious of
its power, spurred on by foreign rev
olutionists and infected with bol
shevism, has caused strike after
strike, not of the ordinary kind, but
to enforce a socialist programme and
ether political demands. By half
yielding, the govern ment has encour
aged this movement until it culmi
nated in the railroad strike, in which
the government, backed by the pub
lic, made a good fight and brought
the strikers to terms. But it has
alienated labor, and has been con
stantly attacked for extravagance
and lack of an Irish policy.
There has developed from this sit
ation a new movement ' within the
coalition, in which a large body of
the younger, more progressive union-
i.ta Kir T rui nnkai-t to . 1 i . .
posed to form a new coalition with a .
,. v,ii. , . . ,, I
t-VllVJ TVlUWil V LrCAl OS L
partner of capital but would reject
such socialist schemes as national
ization of mines, to which the labor
party is committed. Although hith
rto opposed tohome rule, the Cecil
wing seems inclined to even greater
concessions to Ireland than are in
cluded in the suspended Asquith bill.
The two wings of the liberal paity
also are getting together under the
lead of Asquith, and Lloyd . George
has prepared for the coming storm
by publishing a programme of social
Within a few months we may see
an election in,. Britain wherein a
member of one df the oldest aristo
cratic families, a descendant of
Queen Elizabeth's Cecil, will figure
as the principal In a fight' for a pro
gramme so radical asi would have
made his forefathers gasp.
A NEW CHAPTER- OF RESERVATIONS.
The new set of reservations to
the German treaty that .have been
adopted by the majority of the sen
ate committee is in some respects an
improvement on those first presented
by Senator Lodge, in other respects
more injurious to the prospect that
the treaty would be promptly put in
effect if the senate should adopt
them. The offensive phrase "we de
cline," no longer begins a series of
paragraphs, but its effect is still
there, scarcely hidden in the body of
one after another of the reservations,
Several of them are of such char
acter that they might throw open the
whole treaty to negotiation anew;
several others are redrafts of those
which have been under discussion for
months, superfluous but harmless.
and serving the purpose of calming
the fears of the timid; and another
group is ' designed to reaffirm the
authority of congress over appoint
ments and expenditures an implied
rebuke to the president, which is
strictly a domestic affair, of no con
cern to the other signatories.
The provision in the preamble that
the American ratification shall not
become effective until the four other
great powers have accepted the re
servations may be held to conflict
with the clause of article 440 provid
ing that the treaty shall become ef
fective upon ratification by three of
the principal allied and associated
The declaration that the United
States "withholds its assent to ar
ticles 156, 157 and 158 (relating to
Shantung) and reserves full liberty
of action with respect to any con
troversy which may arise under said
articles" between China and Japan
cannot properly be called a reserva
tion. It is, in fact- a declaration of
dissent from one of the important
sections of the treaty and is actually
an amendment. The senate cannot
expect that Japan, in particular, and
the powers which made agreements
with Japan awarding Shantung to
that power will consent to this na
lion's- becoming a party to the other
section of the treaty while reserving
the right to contest this section. The
necessities of the case require that
the treaty be a compromise and, if
this country's right to dissent from
one section should be conceded
other nations may claim the same
right as to other sections until all
questions decided at Paris would be
reopened and Jhe treaty would be
torn in pieces. At the best, delicate
negotiations must be undertaken, ac
companied by great danger of fric
tion with Japan.
Reservation 8, stipulating that the
reparation commission will regulate
or interfere with commerce between
the United States and Germany "only
when the United States approves
such regulation or interference'
seems unnecessary in view of the
fact that this country is to be repre
sented on the reparation commission
and that section 13 of annex 2 of the
reparation part of the treaty requires
unanimity . on "questions involving
the sovereignty of any of the allied
and associated powers."
Under another reservation the sen
ate would have the right to confirm
delegates to this and all other com
missions, congress might define their
authority and they would be in con
giant communication with, ifce stata
department, which would permit no
action by them which would be dis
approved by public opinion. Emer
gencies may arise requiring prompt,
decisive action by the reparation
commission to compel Germany to
respect its obligations, and these
could not await specific authority
The proposed reservation to article
16 is a flat rejection of one of the
principal obligations of the league
covenant. That article states that
any member of the league which re
sorts to war in disregard of its cov
enants "shall ipso facto be deemed
to have committed an act of war
against all other members of the
league," which undertake to sever
all trade or financial relations and
all intercourse ' with the covenant-
breaking state. This is one of the ;
few clauses by which members are
bound to act upon occurrence of a
certain event without awaiting ac
tion by their government on advice
or recommendation by the league
council, yet the senate committee
proposes to reserve the right to con
tinue relations with the outlaw state.
The value of the trade boycott would
consist in its certain, immediate and
automatic operation, and would be
largely, if not entirely, destroyed by
doubt as to its imposition or by delay
during which the offending state
might try through propaganda to
prevent adverse action by this nation.
The league council would have to be
unanimous in the opinion that oc
casion for the boycott had arisen,
the vote of the American delegate
would therefore be necessary and he
would vote according to instructions.
The boycott would be one of the
roost effective means of preventing
war, and if this nation were to ob
struct Its use, the cause of peace
would be gravely injured.
Reservation of the right to in
crease armaments "whenever the
United States is threatened with in
vasion or engaged in war" might "be
construed as a matter of course un
der article 8. but the proposed reser
vation might also be stretched by a
treacherous power to excuse exces
sive armament to repel a bogus
threatened invasion. The principle
of the disarmament article and of
article 10 is that, after armies had
teen reduced, the combined forces
of the league would suffice to crush
any outlaw nation which attacked a
member. That leaves no room for
the reservation unless we doubt that
ether members would live up to the
The reservations in regard to with
drawal, article 10, domestic affairs
and the Monroe doctrine interpret the
covenant in . the sense which Presi
dent Wilson says that its framers in
tended, and should not cause any ob-
- "V ; . Vi VVt
son s statement that the condit
son s statement that the condition at
tached to article 10 would be fatal.
But the Monroe doctrine has been so
ariously interpreted that the other
nations may ask the United States to
define it, lest it be made to cover
ubjects which they may hold to be
proper subjects for league action.
The reservations in regard to ap
pointments and the American quota
of league expenses may be taken as
imed directly at the president. They
are the reaction from his conduct in
not making the senate a party to ne
gotiation of the treaty, in sending
agents to many countries without au
thority of congress and without con
firmation and in incurring heavy ex
pense without appropriation. It is
tot conceivable that the senate in
tends seriously to insist on all of its
formidable list of reservations, some
of which are radical amendments.
but may use some as a vehicle for
others reaffirming its authority and
restoring what it considers the limits
of executive power.
It is refreshing to find among the
people of the defeated empires a
man so frank as Dr. Otto Bauer, of
Vienna, who admits that Austria
'deserved what she got," should stop
appeals to the allies for help and
should help herself. , If that advice
be followed, Austria may yet become
a self-respecting nation.
A more terrible fate than that of
Lieutenants Connolly and Water-
house cannot easily be imagined, but
the story is brightened by the fine.,
manly sentiment of their dying let
ters to their mothers. Such men
make all Americans proud to own
them as fellow-countrymen.
In a riot of longshoremen in New
Tork yesterday ten arrested were
"badly beaten." according to report,
and two went to a hospital. Any
body who knows longshoremen will
understand just what the "cops" did
with their sticks.
The dimming law is not observed
by many people on the roads leading
from the city. That is due, perhaps.
to the cheap vehicle, not equipped.
So, at least, believe those who oc
casionally are blinded by the glare.
Consular Agent Jenkins, held by
Mexican bandits for ransom, was re
leased when this government de
manded it of the Carranza govern
ment. The veriest Greaser knows
when the Gringo means business.
They1 quarreled and made Wilson
possible seven years ago, yet Taft to
day has nothing but the best to say
of Roosevelt. Taft was, is and will
be a big man.
Now the fire bureau has discontin
ued gjving the correct time on re
quest by telephone, only the clergy
men are left, and they cannot use
expressive language when disturbed.
Plans are being made to care for
the needy in the steel strike. Their
little savings seem to have been
smaller than supposed.
It seems that whenever the Mexi
can bandits need money, they kidnap
Mr. Jenkins. The wonder is that he
is still a millionaire.
Lady Astor wants to keep the hon
ors in the family and, having been an
American woman, it is a good guess
Of oourse Wood will be ordered by
Baker in command of troops at the
coal mines, to get him in bad with
Navigation in Lake Washington
canal must be perilous when a yacht
can ram a tug and sink her.
Well, does whisky, with a bit of
able assistance, run this country? We
Winter in October in
Thus. endeUi pr; Enui,
BV-PRODlCTS OP THE PRESS.
Straaaje Memento of Famous Dead
Presented by Admirers.
It Is not every man, not every
hero-worshiper -who would esteem
the tooth of his hero of more value
than diamonds. There is a ring be
longing to an English nobleman, in
which the place of honor, formerly
occupied by a diamond, is given to a
tooth that once did duty In a human
law, says the New Tork Evening
This tooth cost no less than 83650;
but it was the tooth of Sir Isaac New
ton. A relio collector sold it at auc
tion in 1846, and the nobleman who
bought It gave it the place of a dia
mond in his favorite ring.
Another tooth, which so far excites
the veneration of hero worshipers
as to be able to hold a court of its
own and to draw from long distances
a small host of followers, is one
that was originally hidden behind the
lips of Victor Hugo. It is kept at
his former residence in a glass case
bearing the inscription, "Tooth drawn
from the Jaw of Victor Hugo by the
dentist on Wednesday, August 11,
1871, in the gardens attached to the
house of Mine. Koch, at 3 o'clock in
The wig of a literary man appears
to have been even more sought after
than his teeth. That which Sterne
wore while writing "Tristram Shan
dy" was sold soon after the writer's
death for .$10,000, and the favorite
chair of Alexander Pope brought
$5000. . j
The most extravagant instance of
literary hero worship Is that of a
well-known Englishman, who con
stantly wears in a small locket at
tached to a chain around his neck
a part of the charred skull of Shelley.
College tradition says that Daniel
Webster was not impressive as a
freshman at Dartmouth. He was de
scribed by one of his classmates aa
"thin, awkward and so dark that one
of the villagers took him for a new
Indian pupil on his arrival, much to
'Black Dan's' disgust." He came to
Dartmouth, it is said, direct from
the farm, where "the only way his
scythe would hang right was .upon
the limb of a shady apple tree.' In
his early speeches at the debating
club he was apt to be a trifle ex
travagant in his rhetoric. For in
stance, he is said to have spoken of
Napoleon as "the gasconading pil
grim of Egypt," and to have declared
that France, "not yet satisfied with
the contortions of expiring republics,
spouted her fury across the Atlan
When the old birthplace of the
American humorist. Bill Nye, was
burned a few days ago at Shirley,
Maine, there was blotted out one of
the ancient landmarks of Piscataquis
county. A late electric shower did
its destructive work. Lightning
struck the buildings, and fire finished
the task. It was here that Bill Nye
cracked his first joke on his parents
when at 3 years of age, as he told
the story, he "took them by the
hand" and told them that Piscataquis
county was no place for them, leading
them forth to Wisconsin and the life
of western pioneers. Thereby Maine
lost considerable advertising such as
would have accrued to the state had
this humorist remained in the pine
tree state. But ho left his birthplace
behind him, and it was this of which
the town was justly proud, until now
comes the end of the ancient dwelling.
It was the old home of descendants
of Benjamin Nye, who founded the
In the interesting collection of
books formerly the property of Theo
dore Roosevelt on exhibition at the
York Historical society, is a large
brown volume, resembling a family
bible of gigantic proportion, gilt
edged and to the last degree ornate.
The book bears the title, "Die Wart
burg." A rather forceful example of
the 'Irony of fate to read the name
on the fly leaf! "Emperor William
II" is scrawled across the bottom
of the page in the large type of
Sternburg, the German ambassador
accredited to Washington in 1908, the
year the presentation was made, and
who presented it in the name of hia
then exalted master. The book is
largely historical in character and
is profusely illustrated, for the most
part with exceedingly artistic wood
engravings. The emperor fully in
tended that bis gift should represent
the best that Germany could do in
ornate and elaborate bookbinding.
On the other side of the oaae one's
eye Is met and held by a series of
rather tall. thin, slightly aesthetic
looking books, in green bindings that
suffer nothing by comparison with
their sizable neighbor. These books
bear the title Dle Oesterrelchlsche
Ungarische Monarchic." They are the
gift of Francis Joseph I., the aged
emperor, who for so many years
swaged the destiny of the dual mon
archy with a hand of iron. The books
were presented to Roosevelt on the
9th of August in 1904 by the Austrian
ambassador in the name of his mon
arch. Adelina Patti on one of her visits
to San Francisco was the guest one
evening at the home of some people
who were her intimate friends and
had been her guests in her home in
Wales, it Is told in the New Tork
Patti discovered in the company
two young fellows sne had heard on
an overland tram singing to their
own banjo and guitar accompaniment.
To their confusion she demanded that
they must "oblige," and insisted that
it was Just what she wanted to hear
when they protested that they sang
only darky songs. Instruments were
produced and the young men began
rather haltingly with the quietest
and most sentimental songs they
knew. Patti, was not satisfied. "Those
funny. lively ones," she demanded
They, encouraged, gradually worked
into brisker songa. She hummed
along with them until they swung
into a rattling medley, when she
joined with full throated voice in
Chlllen, keep In do middle of de road,
Chlllen. keep in da middle of de road!
Doan turn onto de lef.
Doaa turn onto de risht
Jess keep in de middle of de road!
Then, laughing and singing, she
led the nonsense when the medley
came to these worda:
Shame, shame, 'tis aa awful shame!
Landlady's raised da rent, boat da ha ain't
Chuck full of hnnirah.
Cain't stay no Ionian
Bye. bye. my honey. I'se a-cwine.
"I never before had such tun sing
ing," she said. "I wonder what a
concert audience would do if I gave
as an encoure:
"Chuck full of huntih,
Calnt sins no longah!
- Bye, bye, my-honey, I'ao a-a'la"i
Those Who Come and Go.
Postmaster W. A. Moran of Boring,
and W. R. Telford, a merchant of the
same place, were in Portland yester
day telling of a route which they ad
vocate for a link In the Mount Hood
loop.- Their location runs from Gresb
am along the track of the P. R. L.
St P. company to Boring, then fol
lows a water grade to Sandy, strik
ing the old Oregon Clty-Kelso road a
short distance from Boring. All rail
road crossings are eliminated by this
location with the exception of the
one in the town of Boring. Messrs.
Morsn and Telford say that the road
would have a 3 per cent grade and
would be relatively inexpensive to
construct. They also say that this
route would give an outlet to the Es
tacada country and by building a
"T," traffic could be easily diverted
to Oregon City. There have been
half a dozen routes proposed to con
nect with the government location
That's too good a railroad to go to
waste," asserted Ben F. Jones, mayor
of Newport, who Is at the Imperial.
Mr. Jones referred to the road built
by the government to get out spruce,
and which connects Newport and Ta
quina. The government was almost
on the verge of consenting to operate
a passenger service between the two
points, says tbe mayor, when the
spruce Investigation started. As for
the railroad, it shoots off Into a for
est which would keep it supplied
with logging freight for the next half
century. Spruce logs which had been
turned out for the government were
recently sold to a paper factory and
will be shipped to the mills at Ore
For 28 years George S. Holmes of
San Francisco has been traveling up
and down the coast buying fruit and
vegetables for the eastern market.
These goods are usually shipped to
New Tork where Mr. Holmes and his
brother are in the produce business.
In the early days it was difficult to
pick up enough products to supply
the eastern market, but the situa
tion Is different now. The principal
shipments from the Pacific northwest
at this time of the year are apples.
onions and seed spuds, all of which
command a very good pries this year.
Mr. Holmes la making an extended
stay at the Multnomah.
John C. Crawford, state senator for
Klickitat and Skamania counties in
the Washington legislature, was at
the Imperial yesterday. He lives at
Grand Dalles, which is Just across the
Columbia river from The Dalles, and
for years he was as interested in the
keen political contests in Wasco coun
ty aa ha was in his own territory.
Senator Crawford was first elected on
a "sticker" and a'fter serving in the
lower house, took a shot at the state
senate and defeated a democratic
banker for the Job.
Captain Foster, who has been sail
ing in Alaskan waters for a gener
ation, stated in the Multnomah yes-
terday that he has not visited Port
land in the past 23 years. "It waa
some town then, but oh, boy! what ,
a chanwe." says the captain. "I did j
not realise that Portland would ever
grow to be such a metropolitan city. 1
No: the mining has not stopped in
Alaska. There will be some of the
biggest ramps opened up next spring
ir.d tiirse will cause nearly as much
excitement as In the Klondike days."
I'eter ' Wilson and Charles Marks
arrived In town from Ininaba yester
day, a town which Is pretty near the
edge of the state in the northeastern
part. Imnaha has a population of
about 50 people and Is a regular post
office, SO miles from the nearest rail-ro.-td
point, which same Is Enterprise.
The village Is on the edge of the Wal
lowa national forest reserve and Is on
the Imnaha river.
Judge H. H. Belt of the 12th Judi
cial district and whose address is
Dallas is at the Imperial. The judge's
term does not expire until January 2.
1921. but he or his successor will have
to be elected a year from next month.
The Judge is a republican, but his
brother, who Is In the city with him,
is Just as ardent a democrat.
C. J. Kennedy of Jacksonville is at
the Oregon, which recalls the asser
tion of the late Dr. Condon that back
of Jacksonville is a hill of granite
which Is the oldest, or one of the old
est, pieces of land in the world. The
geologist declared that the granite
mountain near Jacksonville is even
older than the Siskiyous.
There are not many people at Fort
Rock, but one of the few, Vernon
Finley, registered at the Perkins yes
terday. The town takes its name
from an extinct volcano, whose walls,
400 feet high, are a natural fortifi
cation. Fort Rock is in Lake county
and is more than 70 miles to Bend, the
nearest railroad point.
On the Ochoco river George Rus
sell has what others say is one of
the finest cow ranches in Oregon.
Mr. Russell breesed into the Im
perial lobby yesterday afternoon and
shook hands with about half of the
loungers, for he is a man of exten
sive acquaintance. The cause of hia
visit was three carloads of stock.
A. L. Fraley has returned from at
tending the bankers' convention at
St. Louis and the 'American Institute
of Banking at New Orleans. He waa
accompanied by Mrs. Fraley. On the
return trip they visited the grand
canyon and found it up to the adver
tisements. They were shivering around the
Benson when Edward Ottensen
walked in and registered. "Ah. this
Is fine," said he. "It reminds me of
my home." Clerk Ross Finnigan
glanced at the register. Mr. Otten
sen signed from Bergen, Norway.
A. S. Cooley, for many years a mer
chant at Enterpriae, Or., has arrived
at the Multnomah to browse among
the wholesalers and jobbers and give
a flock of orders.
Walla Walla wheat, which has a
standard of its own. is the cereal from
which H. L. Copeland manufactures
flour. Mr. Copeland of Walla Walla
Is at the Imperial.
He talks Chinese faster than a
Chinaman and says nothing, does
Fred S. Bynon, who used to be at
Salem, but who registered from Pen
dleton at the Imperial yesterday.
E. A. Wehnert of Eddyville and E.
Wallin of Pioneer are at the Perkina
These two towns are both located on
the Taqulna river. In Lincoln county.
Chief of Police A. L. Roberts of
Pendleton Is at the Perkins. Chief
Roberts is in town on a little matter
at the federal court.
W. R. Lebc of Tacoma is at the ' "hould give their contracts, and de
Benson. Mr. Lebo is in the city as a dared that these are vital issues for
government witness in the cement ithe P"bllc to help solve,
trial now in progress. ; The unlawful, flagrant attitude of
- some labor organizations is causing
An employe of the Japanese gov-' the mighty hand of public sentiment
eminent. Tatsuya Kato registered to rise, and if the policy is not
yesterday-at the Hotel Portland from changed when the hand reaches the
Tokio. 1 proper height it will fall, and the
j blow will be as powerful as when the
Taklmya Kate. Interested in the same hand fell upon the heads of
hipping business of Japan, is an ar-
rival at the Benson.
The pioneer sheepman of Wapini-
tla, Frank Gabtl. la at the Perkins.
SAVKTH TUG OREGON NEWSPAPER
i First and Second Meat Helpful Cltt-
Junction City Times.
The most helpful and indispensable
citizen of our community is the ed
itor, even if we have to say it our
selves. We have never been afraid
or ashamed to speak the truth, the
whole truth and nothing but the
truth. Next to the editor in impor
tance and helpfulness to the progress
and comfort of human society is the
The Uaderpald Juryman.
Pendleton East Oregonian.
Three dollars daily for Jurymen ap
pears Insufficient recompense with
wages and prices where they are. It
Is bad enough, as one juryman now
serving says, to have four horses Idle
when they could be earning $12 a
day. but "to go in the hole for meals
and room seems too much." There
is food for thought in the wage scale
of our public servants.
Foist Hla Have 1st Oregon.
Thoman Boulden relates that when
he lived in Nebraska he dug a well
165 feet deep and as long as he lived
on the place had to lift his water from
that depth in the ground. He tried
various ways of getting the water to
the ton of the ground, ranging from
buckets to pumps, but failed to find
any easy way of accomplishing it.
When he sold the farm he registered
a vow that when he settled again It
would be in a neighborhood where
water came considerably closer to the
Sssrrstlire Salem Slosran.
Salem is advertising for a slogan
What's the matter with the one Sa
lem now has, "Damn Portland"?
The home paper ought always to
be singing the praise of the home
town: but let's make it a chorus in
stead of a solo.
Grants Pass Courier.
The giant-chicken prophecy may
find credence, but who can believe the
rest of It? Of course those super
chickens and super-eggs will be sold
by super-profiteers at super-prices.
Sidestepping for a Time.
Cottage Grove Sentinel.
The old charge that the country
press and republicans of the state are
aping The Oregonian cannot be
brought against them as regards their
attitude toward the league of nations
'Goats' in Portland.
Only political freebooters in Port
land could be found to appear on the
stage with Johnson. Men of lofty
sentiment and positive connections
refused to be a party to the Califor
nlan's campaign of misrepresentation.
Dropping la Dinner.
To drop in on a person is a reality
now. as was proven last Sunday 'when
Lieutenant Krancees and Will Rosen
balm of McMinnvllle came up by air
plane and took dinner at the Rosen
Oreganiaed Labor's Need.
What organized labor needs most is
organization. That is. organization
tight enough and disciplined enough
to insure the fultillment by the rank
and file of contracts made in their
name by their chosen representatives.
Down With Germnn Grand Opera !
' Eugene Guard.
Many of us have suffered In pre
war times when the highbrow mu
sicians said we had to take it and say
we liked it or be branded as uncul
tured In our musical tastes. The
public is not going to let the oppor
tunity pass to even up an old score.
Portland's idea of a joke is to get
Mayor Baker to attend a "function"
in a dress suit while all the others
present wear their comfortables. The
larger the town the less it takes to
Cal Cooper's Triumph la Nuts.
McMinnvllle News Reporter.
J. O. Cooper reports that he has pro
duced a walnut that measures 8x9
inches in circumference and weighs
5 ounces with the green hull on and
measures 6x7 inches with the hull re
moved. Cooper says that if he had a
half century more to live he would
produce walnuts as big as a man's
V mat II la's October Poem.
Late October gives a wealth of de
sign, color and: texture which no
other season presents. The phos
phorescent quality of coloring appear
ing in maple, sumac, hawthorn and
poplar fascinates the attention and
gratifies it- But this enchanting sea
son is closing to leave the woods to
the grays and browns of winter. The
processes of change are inexorable.
Crasy "Stunts" In the Air.
Many families are In mourning for
bravo men sacrificed to make a record
that means nothing and many useful
officers have been lost to the -service
of their country to gratify a lust for
sensation as silly as it is fruitless and
futile. A court martial should be the
fata of tha responsible officers to
eliminate such crazy stunts from the
Wbat'a Doing In Hell Just Nowf
We never knew there were angels
In hell, but we have a Congregational
minister's word for it that "The toin
myrot preached in tome pulpits under
the name of the gospel would make
the angels of hell smile." They must
certaintly be some "angels" that
would select hell as an abiding place,
even for a short period of time. What
a time tbe old devil must be having
Zoology In Harney County.
Gabo Rush says June Ingersoll and
Arch Myers are too young to be ex
pert prophets on the weather and that
neither of them would know "a
groundhog from a woodchuck and
that a badger hsn't anything to do
with the weather anyhow.
rub lie Becoming Arouaed.
THE DALLES, Or., Oct. 2. (To the
Editor.) With much pleasure I read
the editorial in The Oregonian this
morning in which it defined the posi
tion of capital and labor radicals, rev
olutionist and the public, and the
sanctity to which labor and capital
capitalists a few years since
So truly American was the editorial,
t cannot refrain sending thi.M l.-tter
FRANK G. DIUK.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By Jamas X Msslsia.
THE F1TIST iIPKKIIO BIUDOS
Once some little wlnglsass BObltM.
who were toiling up a bill
Found their pathway quite obatrnctoel
by a tiny rippling rUL
Just a thread of silver water, but
your goblin is discreet
And he never. In cold weather, likes
to wet his little feet.
So they held a consultation on a bed
of fluffy moss
Underneath a spreading plantain as
to how te get across.
Not a leaf was there to serve them as
a handy ferry boat
Not a twig to build a raft of, not a
petal they could float.
And they'd grown a bit discouraged
when one goblin erred. Look
There's a spider busy spinning fine
xtrong cables in the air.
Let us see if he won't hang them like
a bridge across the grass
Hang them well above the water, so
that we may safely pass!
So they sent a delegation to the spider
in his tree
Praised his cunning and his spinning,
and put forth their little plea
And the flattered cable weaver lightly
leaped across the stream
Threading deftly out behind him
many a long and silken beam.
Till the cobweb bridge was builded.
and the goblins crossed the rill
And departed dry and happy on their
Journey up the hill.
If you doubt the tale I've told you.
come with me at dawn come
When the dew Is on the clover and
the mist is thin and gray
And around behind the oak tree just
outside the little glade.
You will see a bridge of silver, flung
from blade to bending blade.
And, although you can't see goblins
passing on from shore to shore,
Tou will know that they have been
there, and you'll doubt my word
Pass It Along.
Now Uiat Mr. Rockefeller has given
$20,000,000 to make better doctors, it
Is up to the doctors to make their
Make the Moat of It.
With rents at their present figure
the telephone company will soon feel
justified in charging a half dollar an
hour for the use of a telephone booth.
Mayhe It'll Hm To Be Done All Over.
The fact that the German army is
still using poison gas Indicates that
the allies didn't kill all the right of
ficers. (Coiyrlsht. 1910. by the Bell Syndicate.
The Gift of Days.
By Grace E. Hall.
Oh. many gifts have come to me
That I have not deserved.
And many a one I've wasted
And many a one I've lost;
But still one friend ne'er ceases
From yrecious stores reserved
To send a dally offering.
With sacred signs embossed.
In gray of early morning.
When first my conscious view
Beholds the dawn awakening
Far in the gold-splashed sky,
find an untouched canvas
In framework bright and new.
Placed at my mental doorway.
To please my lingering eye.
I've taken many a canvas
And painted upon ltd face
A picture sadly lacking
In skill and charm and truth:
Painted the spotless surface
With lines none may erase.
9ut never a one I've fashioned
Quite perfect, from my youth.
But always the giver leaves them.
With never a sign of blame
For all that I've marred and wasted
And all that I've thrown away:
Each dawn with a love unceasing
(Though I take them oft with
He briidcs me an untouched canvas.
On which I shall paint a Day!
Sugar Cane and Sorghum.
SILVERTOV. Or., Oct. 26. (To the
Editor.) To settle a dispute in school
please tell us where and how sugar
cane is grown, the kind they make
pure cane sugar of: also about por
ghum as it is the source of the dis
pute. ORVILLli HAMPTON.
The sugar cane which furnishes our
supply of cane sugajr is grown chiefly
in the southern states, Cuba and Ha
waii. It is a perennial, but as a grad
ual decrease In the size of the canes
occurs each year it is the practice to
renew a part of a sugar plantation
every year. The plants are propa
gated by cuttings. They require a
deep rich soil and plenty of moisture.
Sorghum is a tall maixe-like grass
some varieties of which are deficient
in sugar. It has only local import
ance as a source of syrup, owing to
refining difficulties. Among the
non-saccharine varieties are Kaffir
corn, raillo maize, durra, broom corn,
Egyptian rice corn and Jerusalem
la Paeifle Fleet to Be Recalled r
ASTORIA. Or., Oct. 26. (To the Edi
tor.) I have Just returned from
Washington, and The Oregonian edi
torial of October 23 headed "Next War
on the Pacific Coasf' moves me to
suggest that the present is an oppor
tune time for us to ascertain what
grounds there are for the belief held
in certain Washington circles that the
so-called Pacific fleet is not to be
located here permanently, but will
shortly be recalled to Atlantic waters.
If such a move is contemplated, the
sooner we know it the better. It will
be easier for the Paciflo coast to pre
vent the isuance of such an order
than to compel the return of the fleet
after it has .once been taken away.
Who Buys Police Ammunltiunf
PORTLAND. Or., Oct. 27. (To the
Editor.) I overheard a policeman say
that in anticipation of an epidemic of
holdups this winter it would not be
amiss for the officers to take a
course at target practice. Then he
added that it would probably be done
If the officers did not have to buy
their own ammunition. When I told
him I had always supposed the mu
nicipality furnished at least the am
munition he merely smiled.
If such is the case and if most
every one has known that such has
always been the case then I can only
say that such a state of affairs must
date back to barbarian times.
Mr. Buik'i Nanahty Question.
BAY CENTER. Wash.: Oct. 26. To
the Editor.) In-a recent editorial The
Oregonian quoted Oompers as scorn
ing the thought of refusing "any man
the right to quit work."
Has Gompers at any time made re
mark as to denying "any man the
right to begin work?"
j Perhaps I am asking a naughty
I question; but it interests me.
L. L. BUSH.