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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 28, 1919)
VOL. Li VIII.- NO. 18,384
Entered at Portland (Oregon)
Poytof fic-e as Second-Class Matter.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1919.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
DRY BILL PASSES
OVER WILSON VETO
AVIATORS IN JULY TO
DERBY EXPECTED TO EXD BY
JANUARY OF 1921.
E TO TAKE
SNOW SAVES PICKED
FRUIT AT HOOD RIVER
BLANKET PROTECTS BOXED
APPLES LEFT IN ORCHARD.
LAW TO AMERICANIZE
ALIENS IS FAVORED
SHELL.SH0CK TO BE
LEWIS ACTS WHEN
SENATOR KENVON ASKS THAT
CHANCE BE GIVEN.
J. M. SMITH, 44, ON TRIAL FOR
. GIRL-WIFE'S MURDER.
House Insists on Meas
ure 176 to 55.
SENATE MAY FOLLOW SUIT
President Dictates Message
From His Sick Bed.
HOUSE DESERTS LEADERS
.President Objects to Continuation
of Wartime Prohibition After
Demobilization.- . ..
WASHINGTON, Oct. 7. President
Wilson unexpectedly vetoed the prohi
bition enforcement bill today and
within three hours the house had re
passed It over his veto by a vote of
176 to 55. The total vote was barely
more than a majority of the entire
Dry leaders In the senate immedi
ately began laying plans to repass the
bill there. They expect to ask
unanimous consent for Its considera
tion tomorrow, claiming enough votes
to put it through. They expect to
ct on it by Wednesday at the latest.
The president refused to sign the
bill because it included the enforce
ment of wartime prohibition.
Repeal Urged In Meuige.
The objects of wartime prohibition.
the president said in his veto, had
been satisfied, and, "sound public
policy makes clear the reason and
necessity for its repeal."
It would not b8 difficult, the presi
dent held, for congress to deal sepa
rately wtih the two issues.
The veto hit congress like a crack
of lightning. The house, getting on
Its feet again, deserted Its leaders,
who wanted to defer consideration
until Thursday so as to round up all
the. dry members. But the drys swept
Into the chamber and showed there
was an overwhelming sentiment
among them to give the government
ample weapons for dealing with, the
liquor traffic, now outlawed through
out the land.
Veto Dictated From Bed.
Nobody had really professed to
know that the president would veto
the bill. Republicans and democrats
alike and the countless multitude
that had sorrowfully watched the
passing of the bars thought it
would . become a law without his
signature. Attorney-General Palmer,
it was said, had declared it constitu
tional. But the president, propped up in
bed, dictated and then signed a veto
message and sent it along to con
gress, without 'worrying, apparently,
about what congress might do.
With repassage of the law by the
house and the prospect of the same
thing happening in the senate, hope
of the big "wet spell" that would run
over the Christmas season vanished
Into thin air.
Prohibition leaders predicted ' to
night that the refusal of the house to
accept the president's veto- meant
that the sale of liquor would not be
permitted again in the life of this
and many other generations.
One Small Hope Is Left.
One hope remains for the talked-of
wet spell" before prohibition becomes
effective by constitutional amendment
It is that the German peace treaty
may- be ratified and that the. presi
dent may declare peace and demoblli-
.-.ation of the army and navy. Some
legal experts conend that would
automatically annul the wartime pro
But there is a legal question in
volved as to whether the ratification
of the treaty with Germany alone will
liccomplish that end. The wartime
prohibition act was passed at a time
when the United States was at war
Iwlth both Germany and Austria-Hun
gary. Hostilities, however, actually
lad ceased. Some law officers here
ire inclined to believe that it may
not be ended until both treaties are
On the other hand, friends of the
dministration say they expect to see
he wartime prohibition ban lifted by
presidential proclamation as soon as
ihe German treaty is ratified.
Word that the enforcement act had
lailed to meet the president's approval
was flashed from the White House an
iour or more before it was officially
aid before the house. Instantly wet
ind dry forces were summoning their
respective cohorts, prepared for any
Lifting I. Id Not Approved.
Some of the dry leaders suggested
that It might be wise to repeal the
wartime act, as the president sug
gested last spring, so far as it re
ated to light wines and beers. But
f this plan was discussed in the
:loakrooms it apparently did not gain
The house was in an 'uproar when
'he president's message was read.
Members were standing in all parts
of the chamber, many clamoring for
recognition, but Chairman Volstead oj
he judiciary committee, which framed
he bill, won the floor. As custodian
tf the measure he moved that the
onsideration of the veto be deferred
jntil Thursday. What he was trying
ko say could not be heard, -for there
Jwas a general hubbub. Finally a
(Concluded ua J'aa Column Lj
Aero Club President Announces
Zones of Travel Atlantic and
Pacific Both to Be Crossed.
LOS ANGELES, Oct. 27. The first
aerial derby around the world, for
prizes totaling $1,000,000, is scheduled
to start July 4, 1920, and end on or
before January 3, 1921, according to
announcement made here tonight by
Allan ' R. Hawley, president of the
Aero club of America, and a member
of the commission which is making
a tour of the world to locate control
The zone of travel will be confined
to the area between 60 degrees north
latitude and 15 degrees south lati
tude. Within this zone the contes
tants may select their own route and
way of travel, provided they report to
at least one control on the American,
European. Asiatic and African conti
nents, and cross the Atlantic and Pa
The purposes of the derby, as set
forth by Mr. Hawley, include:
Opening of the world's airway J to
all peoples; strengthening of inter
national relations; encouraging study
of the world's possible airways In re
lation to world traffic and commerce;
fostering establishment of permanent
aerial transportation lines and aerial
mail lines; bringing about construc
tion of efficient aircraft for long
distance travel, and starting a move
ment to establish air ports with suit
able landing facilities ad supplies
throughout the world.
STEVENS TRIES AGAIN
Eastern States Now Called On to
Ratify Suffrage Amendment.
SACRAMENTO, Oct. 27. Governor
Stephens sent telegrams tonight to
governors of 14 middle western and
eastern states informing them that
California, Colorado and Navada have
determined to hold special legislative
sessions In November, for action on
the federal woman suffrage amend
"I am hopeful that a number of
them will Join our group and call
extra sessions to ratify the national
suffrage amendment," Governor Ste
Telegrams were sent to governors
of these states: Connecticut; Dela
ware, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine,
Maryland, New Jersey.' North Dakota,
Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Dako
ta, Tennessee, Vermont and West Vir
WILSON STEADILY GAINS
President Permitted to Transact
Some " Executive Business.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 27. President
Wilson continued to improve today
and so satisfied was Rear-Admiral
Grayson with his condition that he
was permitted to transact some execu
tive business in addition to the pro
hibition enforcement bill, which he
Soon after breakfast the president
asked Dr. Grayson that Secretary
Tumulty be called and that some par
don cases which were awaiting execu
tive action be given him. He acted on
the latter at once and also signed
some minor bills that had accumulat
ed at the White House.
OREGON LOSES EDUCATOR
Mrs. Margaret Craig Curran Gets
Appointment In Montana.
HELENA. Mont., Oct. 27. Mrs.
Margaret Craig Curran, director of
the rural educational department of
the Oregon state normal school,' has
been appointed director of school ex
tension service, of the Montana state
normal school at Dillon, according to
an announcement made today by E.
C. Elliott, chancellor of the state uni
Mrs. Curran is a graduate of the
state normal school at Cheney, Wash.,
and of Columbia university.
FALLING TREE KILLS MAN
Ed Matney Victim of Accident at
Logging Camp Near Littell.
CHEHAUS, Wash., Oct. 27. CSpe
cial.) Ed Matney,-21, was killed in
stantly today by a falling tree while
employed at the Snow Lumber &
Shingle Co. camp near Littell, four
miles west of Chehalis.
Matney was a eon "of Mr. and Mrs.
J. W. Matney of Curtis and leaves
also three brothers and three sisters.
He was unmarried. The body vras
brought to Chehalis to await funeral
ALIEN DEALER BAR ASKED
Philippines Plan to Exclude Out
siders From Rice Traffic.
MANILA, Oct. 27. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) The acting speaker
of the house introduced a bill today
excluding all except Americans and
Filipinos from engaging in the rice
Foreign interests planned a protest
SINGER MISSING AT SEA
Marie Empress, Music Hall Artist,
Disappears -From Liner.
NEW YORK. Oct. .27. The disap
pearance of Miss Marie Empress, a
London music hall singer, on the
high seas while on her way from Liv
erpool to New York was learned to
day with the arrival of the Cunard
liner Orduna from, the English, sort....
Yudenitch Says Reds Are
Fighting Like Madmen. J
BOLSHEVIKI ARE REP .4
Krasnoye Selo0 .en From
NAVAL LOSS CONFIRMED
Thousands of Ural Refugees Live
Crowded In Boxcars in Rail'
way Tard at Irkutsk.'
LONDON, Oct. 27. (By the As
sociated Press.) The chances of
General Yudenltcn, commander of the
Russian northwestern army, to cap
ture Petrograd before winter puts an
end to operations seems again to be
fading. The bolshevikl have brought
strong reinforcements from other
fronts and have started a successful
counter-offensive, which has already
resulted in the recapture of Krasnoye
Selo, thrusting the Yudenitch line
sonth of that place '
Yndenitch still holds Gatchlr.a
firmly, according to the Britsh war
The bolshevik! reinforcements in
clude some of the best communist
troops. They have forced back
Yudenitch's troops at several points,
and the latter were obliged to evacu
ate Tsarkoe Selo and Pavlovsk
- Yndenitch Fall Back.
By another strong attack Sunday,
the bolshevik! recaptured Krasnoye
Selo, the Yudenitch forces falling
back to a general line two miles
south of Ropcha, four miles south of
Krasnoye Selo and Valdimirskaya,
and six miles east of Gatchina. This
line covering Gatchina has been suc
cessfully held against furious bol
shevik' attacks, which now are re
ported to have ceased.
According to a government state
ment in parliament today Great
Britain is no longer supplying funds
or supplies to Admiral Kolphak and
does not contemplate supplying Gen
eral Denlkine indefinitely.
This statement, in view of the un
expected large deficit estimated for
the present year, mainly due to mili
tary expenditures, is . regarded as
foreshadowing a further modifica
tion of the government's policy
Latest advices say that possession
of Kiev is being still disputed be
tween the bolshevikl and Denikine's
'forces. The bolshevikl held the city
for two days last week, but it was
retaken by Denikine, who, however,
has been obliged to retire at some
points south of the town.
A Copenhagen, dispatch gives the
Lettish press bureau's review of the
(Concluded on Page 3 Column 2.)
GOING ALTOGETHER TOO FAR.
To - r- I
Small Portion of Crop Still on
Trees Believed Too Badly
Damaged for Vse.
HOOD RIVER, Or.. Oct. 27. (Spe
cial.) The damage to apples of Hood
River and other mid-Columbia dis
tricts, limited to unpicked fruit and
estimated from 4 to 5 per cent of the
total tonnage, will not be as serious
as growers had feared early today.
William Metcalf, chief inspector of
the Apple Growers' association, after
Inspecting apples picked and stacked
In boxes on 33 ranches in the Odell
and Van Horn districts, reports that
he found no frozen fruit. The snow
blanket atop stacks of boxes acted
as a protection.
Apples remaining on the trees, ac
cording to Mr. Metcalf, may be a
dead loss, as they probably are frozen
too heavily for use even by cider
plants. Upper valley growers were
the heaviest losers.
Henry Steinhauser, here today from
Parkdale, reported that George Mun
roe, whose harvest had been delayed
until he could complete & new pack
ing house, had not begun picking a
The upper valley loss In instances
will be made permanent by broken
trees. The weight of the wet snow
sticking to foliage, added to the
heavy crops of fruit," split the trees
THE DALLES. Or.. Oct. 27. (Spe
cial.) The early cold snap of the past
few days continues, with the ther
mometer registering 24 degrees above
zero today, and no indication here
that warmer weather is In prospect.
Snow still clings to the surrounding
hillsides. So far little inconvenience
has been experienced from frozen
WOODLAND, Wash., Oct. 27. (Spe
cial) The coldest weather that the
oldest inhabitants can recall prevails
here. The thermometer registered
eight degrees below freezing Satur
day morning. From the upper Lewis
river come reports of heavy snows
in the regions around St. Helens.
TROOPS EN ROUTE MEET
Siberian Veterans and Replace
ments in Honolulu Harbor.
HONOLULU, Oct. 27. (By the As
sociated Press.) Detachments of
American troops returning from and
going to Siberia met here today when
the transports Great Northern from
Vladivostok to San Francisco, and
Thomas from San Francisco to Vladi
vostok, anchored In the harbor.
The Great Northern is carrying
about 1400 Siberian veterans, while
the Thomas' complement is about
Both sailed today.
INSURRECTO FLAG TO FLY
Governor-General Harrison Pro
claims Philippine Holiday.
MANILA. Oct. 27. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) Governor-General
Francis Burton Harrison today pro
claimed October 30 as a holiday.
Filipinos will celebrate the hoist
ing of the old insurrecto flag here.
Co-operation Between States and
Federal Government Advocated
by Iowa Member.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 27. Legisla
tion designed to Americanize aliens
is contained in a bill reported today
by the senate committee which In
vestigated the steel strike. The bill,
which was placed on the calendar
with a view to consideration, pro
vides for co-operation between the
states and the federal government In
In presenting the bill. Senator Ken
yon of Iowa, chairman of the commit
tee, emphasized the education of- Il
literate aliens as a measure to curb
radicalism. The senate, he said, will
be "astounded" at facts gathered In
the steel inquiry regarding alien il
literacy. "Give these illiterate aliens a
chance to become good American citi
zens," said Senator Kenyon, "and
after that if they do not do It they
ought to be compelled to leave this
Referring to the anniversary today
of the birth of Former President
Roosevelt. Senator Kenyon said he
was the "supreme American" and It
was fitting that the Americanization
bill should be launched on his birth
day. There are 8,000,000 illiterates over
10 years of age In the country. Sena
tor Kenyon estimated, urging the
committee bill as "fuel for the Amer
ican melting pot."
"We should deal with an Iron hand
with radicals," Senator Kenyon added.
"America will not i tolerate anarchy.
It does not propose that a few hun
dred thousand anarchists shall over
throw its government. There Is no
place In America for the red flag of
DETROIT BANS OLIVES
Sale Is Stopped and Stocks Seized
When Fruit Kills 5 Persons. .
DETROIT, Oct. 27. Seizure of all
ripe olives In the stocks of local retail
stores was begun today because ol
the deaths of five persons who at
tended a dinner last week at which
the fruit was served. Chemical anal
ysis showed the olives contained poi
Nine thousand bottles of the ripe
fruit were taken in early seizures and
wholesalers were ordered to discon
tinue sale of both ripe and green
olives, while the. hotels were advised
to strike olives from their menus.
Department of health physicians to
day decided to ask a ban on the sale
of olives throughout Michigan. '
FEMININE JUSTICE NAMED
New York's First Woman Magis
trate Appointed by Mayor.
NEW YORK, Oct. 27. Mrs. Jean H.
Norris today, became the first woman
magistrate of New York. It Is ex
pected she will be assigned to duty
in the woman's court upon the recom
mendation qf Mayor Hylan, who gave
her a temporary appointment to fill
the vacancy caused by the illness of
Magistrate Matthew P. Breen.
Mrs. Norris is president of the
women lawyers' association, a na
Plan to Equalize League
Voting Strength Fails.
FINAL COUNT IS 38 TO 40
Two Democrats Join Repub
licans Supporting Measure.
9 REPUBLICANS OPPOSED
Cnexpected Rollcall Is Taken Fol
lowing Rambling Debate; Moses
Amendment Now Up.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 27. The John
son amendment to the peace treaty,
desigi.ed to equalize American and
British voting strength In the league
of nations, was rejected in the senate
today by a vote of 38 to 40.
On the roll call, which came unex
pectedly during a lull in the debate,
two democrats joined the republicans
supporting the amendment and nine
republicans voted with the democrats
against it. Of 18 senators absent or
paired, four republicans and two dem
ocrats were recorded as favoring it
and 12 democrats as opposing It.
The senate then took up the Moses
amendment on the same subject, the
last survivor of 4 recommended by
the foreign relations committee. Over
the opposition of the administra on
leaders action on this measure was
postponed, the senate adopting, 43 to
36, Republican Leader Lodge's motion
for a recess, until tomorrow.
Vote la Unexpected.
When the senate met the leaders
had not hoped for a vote before to
morrow, but after a rambling debate
of an hour and a half, during which
nearly every current subject except
the league had been discussed, it was
decided not to wait on the senators
who had announced they would speak
on the amendment this week. When
Democratic Leader Hitchcock asked
that a time be set for a rollcall dur
ing the. afternoon, Mr. Lodge replied
he saw no reason why the vote should
not be taken at once. .
The suddenness with which the roll
call began apparently took the ad
ministration forces by surprise, and
although they had counted on a ma
jority of six or eight, so many sena
tors were absent that a sigh of relief
went up from the democratic side
when the result was announced. It
was by far the narrowest margin by
which any of the committee amend
ments had been defeated.
Speeches supporting the Moses
amendment were made by Senators
Sherman. Illinois; McCormick, Illi
nois; Knox, Pennsylvania, and Wat
son, Indiana, all republicans. Sena
tors Hitchcock and McCumbcr, repub
licans. North Dakota, opposed it.
Theodore Roonevelt Quoted.
Senator Knox declared the pre
ponderance of British representation
was "not calculated to foster salu
tary understanding" among the English-speaking
peoples, and denied that
to amend the treaty would lead to
prolonged negotiations ' or shut off
this country from the benefits of
peace. Full official relations could
be re-established with Germany, he
declared, as soon as the treaty had
been ratified by three powers and
Senator Hitchock opposed the
amendment as unnecessary and likely
to endanger the whole treaty, while
Senator McCumber said he was In
accord with its principle but thought
the same object could be accomplished
by reservation. Senator McCormick
quoted from Theodore Roosevelt to
support a plea for the preservation
Charging Senator Hitchcock with
inconsistency. Senator Watson quoted
declarations of the democratic leader
opposing an arbitration treaty nego
tiated with Great Britain in 1912. At
that time, said Mr. Watson. Senator
Hitchcock opposed entangling alli
ances and was fearful that even an
arbitration treaty would foster Brlt
Uh domination over this country.
Roll Call Taken.
The rollcall follows:
For adoption: Republicans Ball.
Borah. Brandegee, Capper. Cummins,
Curtis, Dillingham, Fall, France, Fre
lighuysen, Gronna. Harding, Johnson
of California, Jones of Washington,
Kenyon, Knox. La Follette, Lenroot.
Lodge, McCormick. McLean, Moses,
New, Newberry. Norris, Page, Pen
rose, Phipps, Poindxter, Sherman,
Smoot, Spencer, Sutherland, Town
send, Wadsworth and Warren 36.
Democrats Gore and Shields 2.
Against adoption: Republicans
Colt. Edge, Hall. Kellogg, Keyes. Mc
Cumber, McNary, Nelson and Sterling
Democrats Bankhead, Chamber
lain, Culberson. Dial. Fletcher, Gay,
Gerry, Harris, Harrison. Henderson,
Hitchcock. Jones of New Mexico,
King. Kirby, McKellar, Myers. Nu
gent. Overman, Pomerene, Ransdell,
Robinson, Sheppard, Simmons, Smith
of Arizona, Smith of Maryland, Swan
son. Thomas. Trammell. Underwood,
Walsh of Montana and Williams
31. Total 40.
AValah Withdraws Vote.
Of the Is senators not voting. Sena
tor Walsh, democrat. Massachusetts,
voted for the Johnson amendment,
tCuuclUili.il u l'ajo Column XJ -
Motlier-in-Law, Also Shot, Is First
of State Witnesses In Case
of Flanders Veteran.
SEATTLE, Wash., Oct. 27. (Spe
cial.) Whether James M. Smith. 44,
returned Canadian soldier, became so
Inoculated with the blood lust while
fighting in Flanders that he deliber
ately killed his girl wife, Helen, 20.
shot her mother, Mrs. Thomas Mc
Mahon. and then tried to end his own
life, will be decided In the trial of
Smith, which opened in Superior
Judge Jurey's court.
Smith is charged with the first de
gree murder of his wife at the home
of her mother, February 3. His law
yer, Jake Kalina. contends Smith's
nerves were so numbed by shell
shock in France that he was insane
when he did the 6hooting.
The state will try to prove that
Smith's deed was a deliberate one and
will Introduce threatening letters to
back up Its case.
The jury was selected today. Much
time was spent in challenging jurors.
The- first witness for the state was
Mrs. Thomas McMahon, the mother of
the dead girl, who was shot by Smith
at the time her daughter was killed.
Mrs. McMahon was decidedly in a
belligerent mood on the stand. She
made many accusations regarding the
conduct of her son-in-law prior to the
shooting that were somewhat reduced
In polntedness by cross-examination.
The state did not finish with its case
TRAINMEN FAVOR STRIKE
Fourteen Chicago Lodges Vote for
Walkout of 'Switchmen.
CHICAGO. Oct. 27. Fourteen lodges
of the Brotherhood of Railroad Train
men, representing 12,000 men in the
Chicago switching district, voted at
a secret meeting Sunday to strike
Thursday unless their wage demands
are met in Jull.
A vote on the proposition is in
progress In the other lodges of the
ISO. 000 trainmen throughout the coun
try. SHAH AT CONSTANTINOPLE
Former Persian Ruler Defers Trip
CONSTANTINOPLE. Oct. 27. (By
the Associated Press.) After coming
to this city from Prlnkipo for the
purpose of proceeding to Switzerland
to meet his son, the former shah of
Persia has decided to change his
He will not make the trip west
ward for the present.
LAND BRINGS $233 FOOT
1 2 by 4 6-Foot Plot In New York
Sells for $150,000.
NEW YORK. Oct. 27. Striking tes
timony to the value of land in New
York's financial district was offered
today in the sale of a plot 4 by 42
feet for $150,000. The land which was
thus sold for $233 a square foot, is
situated in the immediate vicinity of
Wall street and will be occupied by
a bank building.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 48
decrees: minimum. 80 decrees.
TODAY'S Rain and warmer; moderate
winds, becoming southerly.
Chance to ake Petrograd fades. Pile 1.
Christ's manger guarded byBrlush. ri 4.
House pa" dry bill over president's veto,
Lots a-a when president threatena
Senator Kenyon asks Hw designed to
Americanise aliens. Fsse 1.
Cubsn warehouses reported packed with
sugar. Page X
Senate committee approves anti-anarchy
blU. Pag 4.
Senator Johnson's amendment to treaty
voted down In Senate. Page 1.
Witness In air service Inquiry found taking
notas tor Ryan. Page 5.
gan Francisco federal court confirms Dr.
Equl's sentence. Pace 2.
Around-the-world air derby to start In
July. Pi 1.
Mavor of. Canton. O.. suspended for Inef
ficiency in handling strike riots. Page 6.
Head of Psndolfo Motor Car comp;in- de
clared "hot-air merchant." Page 5.
Pacific Nort b west.
Governor proclaims armistice moliday.
Arctic winter descends suddenly on Tukon
basin. Page IS.
Trial of Harold Howell, alleged murderer.
begun at Coquille. Page 6.
Khell shock to be wlfe-klller's alibi. Page 1.
Blanket of snow saves picked apples left
In orchards. Pag 1.
Ex-Convict Evans, robber and murder
suspect, caught. Page 5.
Gus Welch's Washington state football
team visits Portland. Page 13.
"Kid" Paul, of Denver, due Thursday for
HeliiS bout. Page 12.
Commerce to play Washington today.
Commercial and Marine.
Bids on November flour Invited by grain
corporation. Page 21.
Corn bulge at Chicago due to wet weather.
Stock market recovers from Saturday's
severe slump. .Page 21.
C. C. Ovcrmire negotiates with strikers.
Portland and Vicinity.
Mayor names committee to Investigate in
crease in bread price. Page 15.
Telephone rate hearing Is set for Novem
ber 12. Page 0.
Arbitration bon) 'completes hearing on
carmen's wage demand. Page l..
Long, hard winter ahead for laborer, says
federal director. Page 14.
Cement man tells of being squeezed out
Chamber hears report on southern trade
trip. Page 11.
Burned currency, savings of woman, rc-
alorcii by treasury, fuse iLi,
Miners Called to Confer
ence on Strike.
GOVERNMENT STANDING PA1
Senators Would Use Army tc
PUBLIC AGAINST STRIKE
Officials Believe That Lewis Cat
Avert Trouble If He Will and
Much Hope Is Held Out.
SmiNGFIELD. 111.. Oct. 27. Con
fronted by the demand of President
Wilson that the strike call which
would stop production of soft coal In
the United States be rescinded, John
L. Lewis, acting president of th
United Mine Workers of America, to
night by telegraph invited 25 district
presidents of coal-producing states
and members of the miners' scale
committee to meet with the indus
trial executive board at 10 A. M.
Wednesday to discuss the strike issue.
Move Inspired by 'Wilson.
The action of Mr. Lewis, he stated,
was prompted by a desire to move
with full deliberation in a situation
the seriousness of which can not be
Thirty-two members constitute the
full suale committee of the central
competitive field which comprises the
states of Indiana, Ohio, Illinois and
"District presidents and members
of the scale committee are being
called in," President Lewis said, "to
counsel with the executive board by
reason of the president's statement.
What final action will be taken 1
can not presume to forecast."
Mr. Lewis said the strike order was
in effect and would be operative Fri
day at midnight unless something
happened meanwhile to alter the sit
uation. The executive board would
have authority, he stated, to postpone
or suspend the strike order, subject
to the will of the membership of the
Beat Pay Put at $122.
Branding statements that coal min
ers were earning $10 or $15 a day as
"absurd." Mr. Lewis said the averagi
pay of miners in the bituminous field
for the year 1918. which he declared
was the best 13 months in mine
workers' annals, was $1228 a year.
He declined to make a statement as to
what the maximum earnings of a
miner under favorable "conditions
might be. but said the earnings of
"day men" amounted to between $t.25
and $3 a day. These Include track
layers, drivers, mechanics and la
borers. Coal diggers, he admitted, can make
more money than that. He explained,
however, that the wages of miners
were curtrlled by the fact that mines
operate on the average of only three
or four days a week. This condition,
he said, made necessary a shorter day
and week in order to furnish con
tinued employment as embraced in
wage demands suggested by miners
early In the conferences. Other de
mands Include 60 per cent increase in
wages, time and a half for overtime,
and elimination of the strike penalty
Operators Again Blamed.
In a statement Issued tonight, ha
said, to clear up popular misappre
hensions aout exactly what took
place in the joint conferences. Mr.
Lewis again placed responsibility for
the strike on the operators.
WASHINGTON. Oct. 57. The gov
ernment stood pat today on President
Wilson's ultimatum to the soft coal
minera of the country that the strike
ordered for November 1 must not take
The whole federal machinery, al
ready eet up for the emergency, was
ready to deal with conditions in the
mining field:! unless the executive
board of the United Mine Workers of
America, metting at Indianapolis,
Ind., votes to rescind the strike order.
In the face of statements by John
L. Lewis, president of the miners'
organization, that It was too late now
to stop the walkout, there was strong
belief in official quarters tonight
that the strike would at least be post
poned. Opinion Against Strike.
This hope of averting Industrial
disaster was based largely on the
feeling that sentiment throughout
the country was overwhelmingly for
peace, regardless of how the people
might view the reported grievances
of the miners. The fact that tha
miners themselves had taken no
strike vote added to the hope in tha
minds of officials that the workers
would be duly Impressed by the pres
ident's strong warning, and looking
at it In a new light, willing to negoti
ate a new wage agreement without
There were many conferences dur
ing the day and much attention
was given confidential govern
ment reports from the coal terri
tory bearing on the possibility of a
large number of the men sticking to
their jobs despite the order to quit
work Friday night.
Attorney-General Palmer and Sec
retary of Labor Wilson talked over
iCguuiuued oa I'a&a 2, Coluna .