Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 11, 1919, Page 10, Image 10

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subll.hed bv The rv Ionian Publishing Co..
lis Sixth Street, i'orlland. Oregon.
ilinaifr. Editor.
The Orerenlan Is a member of the Asso
ciated Pre.. The Associated PreM In ex
clusively entitled to the us-e for publlca
linn ft all nes dispatches credited to It or
rot otherwise credited in thin paper and alo
tne l,al new piihliih-d h-rem. All rishts
of republication of slcial dispatches herein
are also reserved.
arouse socialists against it. Alto
cither, it was a slender foundation on
which to base so fearful an indictment
against the whole American people.
I.udendorff found in it merely what
he wanted to find.
frunarriptlou Kate
S no
-Invariably in Advance:
'3- .Mall.
Tatly. Sunt-ar included, one year ....
T'fcffv. Suroay Included, stx months
l!?y. Sunday Included, three month
J'mliy, Sundav Included, one in..r.lh .
I "ally, without Sunday, one year .. .. .
Tall. without Sunday, six months ..
liailv. without Surnlay. one month .. .
A eekly. one year
tun1ay. one year
fcunday and weekly
( Hy Carrier.!
Tai?T. Fundae Included, one year .. . .
Pally. Sunday Included, one month . .
Iaily. Sundav Included, three months
Tunlv. without Sunday, one year
Jally. without Sunday, three months
laii y. w uhout Sutida . one month . - -
How to Kemit Send postofrlce money or
der, express i.r personal check on your lo-al
hank. stamis, rotn or currency are at own
era n.k :ive notoffie address in full, In
cluding: comity and state.
fVotate Kale 12 to 1 paces, i cent, i
to 3J puces. J cents; 34 to 4S pa(i' . 3 cents:
o to o paces, 4 cents: r.2 to 7i paces. 5
cents: "H to paces. 6 cents. Foreign post
double rates.
cjtstern Business Office Verree Conk
Jin. Hrunsw ick buildlnx. New Vork; errce
t onklm. Stecer builriinc. Chlcaco: erre
onklin. Kree Press building. Ketrolt. Mich.
bn Kranclsco representative. R. J. Bldwell.
Ludendorff goes on to repeat the
threadbare lie that "the war was cer
tainly no matter of business for Ger
many." and continues:
It was forced upon us. Our economic fu
ture and Independence were bound up in It;
to us It was a question of life or death.
He says that the opinions of the
anonymous consnl-freneral "became
supreme" in America and that "under
the rKKTKXT of the submarine cam-
Son i la'Tn- America entered the war." He
3'S reviews the German hopes of Ameri
can peace mediation which were
tfci j
:.ii i raised in December, 1916. by the Ger-
3 .'i0
.$; "0
. .7S
. 2.25
. 7 Ml
. 1.95
. .S
man peace move and President Wil
son's note inquiring as to the bellig
erents' war aims, and tells how those
hopes were dashed by the allies' re
ing of an undetermined number of
morons, habitual criminals and con
firmed paupers. They help, of course,
to swell' the divorce record, but they
nearly always leave progeny behind
them, a charge on society in one man
ner or another.
There are things more shocking
than the marriage of the tubercular.
The continuation of the long line of
propagation of cretins, criminals and
mentally and morally deficient is one
may be prostituted to unholy pur
poses by the hoodlum element of any
neighborhood. There was a "com
munity sing" in Central park, which
included the national anthem, "Old
Kentucky Home," "Suanee River,"
and other songs of like nature. The
occasion embodied a spirit with
which no one could find fault. Yet
it appears that a rowdy element, tak
ing advantage of inadequate police
supervision, turned the affair into a
of them. This is a problem that to- , howling travesty. We have heard no
Those Who Come and Go.
gether with the restriction of mar
riage of hopeless sufferers from con
sumption deserves the attention of
scientists and lawmakers.
"Toe other nations will take us on
our own terms, for without us their
league is a wreck, and all their gains
for a victorious peace are imperiled,"
says the majority report of the foreign
relations committee to the senate on
ply. He assumes his full share of re- the league covenant and the peace
The. Oregonian's refusal to publish
the Ludendorff story of the war has
been commended by its readers and
ly the people of the Pacific north
west generally. It has provoked ob
jection only from the newspaper syn
dicate which had undertaken to mar
ket the story among American news
papers and from which The Oregonian
liad agreed to purchase the right of
publication in this territory on the
basis of advance representations made
as to its character. According to the
telegram offering the serial, it was an
"intimate, close-up history of the Ger
man effort to dominate the world.
a story of the entire military opera
lions of the central powers."
The advertising matter announcing
the serial, printed by the syndicate in
the Kditor and Publisher, gave what
appeared to be abundant assurance
that nothing materially offensive to
American patriotic sensibilities would
be contained in the articles: but theyJ
were in effect represented to be, on
the contrary, an authoritative and
Jiighly informative historical narra
tive covering inside political and mili
tary movements and operations by
Germany and her allies during the
Y.-ar, with disclosures as to the reason
for her collapse and failure. Such
statements as the following were
prominently displayed:
It la not a defense or Justification of
Germany's crimes.
On the contrary, we were led to ex
pect some highly informing revela
tions by. this statement:
It Is a frank confession of the most cnl
oal failure of might against ncht In tha
world's history. Ilia revelations will startle
Hie world.
sponsibility for the submarine cam
paign by saying:
After January 9 there were no military
1 rea.-ons whatever to caure either the field
marshal or myseir to modify our views as
to the urgent need for the unrestricted
Referring to Austria's decision to
join in that campaign, he "welcomed
with gratitude this loyal act on the
part of our allies," and he admitsjthat
he rejoiced at the prospect of whole
sale slaughter at sea in these words:
The new campaign could only be really
effective If It included the Mediterranean,
where prospects of success seemed partic
ularly good: the Important tiling was
sink aa much shipping aa possible.
He shows equal gratification that
the sitting of the Reichstag on Feb
ruary 27. 1917, showed that "the Ger
man people were practically unani
mous in supporting the government.
He quotes Scheidemann as expressing
satisfaction that "the determination to
defend our country resolutely was
again restored," and as saying:
l.loyd Oeorge Is the true godfather of our
government's resolution to adopt the unre
stricted submarine campaign. Once this res
olution has been taken and the campaign
hecun. we, too, can but hope with all our
hearts that It will bring us peace quickly.
I.udendorff applauds-this utterance
by saying in the last paragraph of his
first chapter:
That was a noble profession of faith, and
In the race of the enemy's will to annihi
lation a call to flg-ht to the last. One hoped
that It might be realized.
On these representations The Ore
fonian ordered the Ludendorff nar
rative. When the proof of the first chap
ter was received it was found to be
in flat contradiction of all of these
statements. That chapter was most
emphatically "a defense or justifica
tion of Germany's crimes"; it was the
came old pernicious propaganda of
oft-told and oft-refuted lies; it did not
confess the crimes, but gloried in U
boat murder; and it revealed nothing
of any importance that was not al
ready known.
The most repulsive feature of that
chapter was the evident intent to in
sinuate certain opinions into the
American mind and the assumption
that submarine war was justified, pro
vided it could succeed.
The following is simply a repetition
of the old charge of partiality by this
nation during the time when it was
striving to remain neutral, and of the
imputation that American policy was
guided solely by sordid motives of
America had never known Germany In
time of .peace, and she now viewed us and
all the events taking place in Europe
through the glasses of entente propaganda,
strengthened by her tics of blood with Eng
land. America was led by. economic Interests
even more and more to the side of the
entente, for England had surrendered to her
tne position she had hitherto enjoyed as the
first capitalistic power In the world. The
entente was deeply In America's debt.
He goes on to write of America's
"one-sided conception of neutrality"
and says:
Then we have in the Ludendorff
apology the whole militarist theory of
the war restated with full assumption
that it is founded on fact, and with
unqualified approval after Germany
lias pretended to renounce militarism.
It revamps the old plea that the
United States was unneutral and was
partial to the allies; that the war was
"forced on" Germany for commercial
supremacy; that the L nited mates
went to war in order to avert bank
ruptcy of the nations which owed us
money and to displace .Germany and
to win the first place In commerce;
that the submarine campaign wag
justified by threats to annihilate Ger
many. We know how false this is,
but we know that such lies were circu
lated in an effort to make us waver
from neutrality in Germany's favor
and to keep us neutral, and that they
influenced many. Yet we are told
that such stuff "is not a defense or
justification of Germany's crimes." It
is nothing else.
In judging of the propriety of pub
lishing such articles, we must remem
ber that Germany is beaten but un
Because they must have America,
the senate committee purposes to drive
a hard barsuin, with its forty-five
amendments and four reservations. It
is not to be our league and their
league. If they do not want to take us
in. with all our surplus luggage of
change, mostly needless, they will go
to ruin. Yet withal the admission is
made that, with the failure of the
league, the "gains for a victorious
peace are imperiled." Then why not
a league?
The real temper of the committee
is against the whole plan of the league
of nations. Not a word is said for
ratification nor anything for any
league. Witness even the hostile
phraseology of the four reservations,
No. 1. "The United States reserves to
Itself," etc.
No. 2. "The United States declines" etc. I
No. 3. "The United States reserves to
Itself exclusively." etc.
No. 4. "The United States declines to
submit," etc
If the proposed amendments and
reservations are not a challenge and
an ultimatum to our allies, they fail
to express what those truculent sen
ators clearly intended. If our alkies
swallow them, there will be bitter dis
appointment in some senatorial hearts.
repentant; that it has ceased to fight
As indicating the sentiment of the
American people on the league of na
tions, a canvass of the representative
men of ai'airs in each section made
by Harris, Winthrop & Co. of New
York is valuable. A questionnaire
was sent to 5000 men, of whom 1979
responded as to the sentiment of the
people in their several sections. This
shows 1181 in favor of the league to
252 against, but 602 prefer the judg
ment of the president, 641 that of the
senate, as to the form of the league.
That little alarm is felt as to the effect
of the league on each man's business
is apparent from the fact that 412 be
lieve that it will affect their business
favorably. 690 not at all and only 88
From these answers it is to be in
ferred that the great majority of the
American people are ready to have
their country do its part in reorganiz
ing the world and in preserving peace,
though Mr. Wilson's speeches imply
the contrary by their constant em
phasis on that point. But the people
are not disposed to accept without
change or without critical study the
covenant which Mr. Wilson brought
home from Paris. They desire that in
suggestion that community singing be
abandoned on that account.
Wiping out the barroom has
brought about a social revolution al
together desirable in the respect that
it has doomed the one resort ded
cated exclusively to the male sex. The
former moderate drinker, who never
permitted wife, sister or sweetheart to
accompany him to his favorite place
of refreshment, now finds his social
pleasures enhanced, we think, by the
greater freedom of his new environ
ment. The gentler sex is beginning
to enter more fully into true compan
ionship with men. And dancing to
music where the sexes mingle is as
natural as the singing of the birds.
A Red Cross lieutenant who is a
minister's son makes an ideal leader
of the movement for a more liberal
interpretation of the joys and privi
leges of the youth of both sexes. Yet
it may be that his leadership is not
needed. There exists, as has been said,
a strong body of sentiment, both lay
and clerical, in favor of a new inter
pretation of the spirit of the discipline.
It will not have escaped attention that
the crowning feature of the Methodist
centenary celebration at Columbus,
Ohio, was a dramatic spectacular
pageant, "The Procession of the Na
tions," in which the art of the theater
was employed to present an impressive
picture to the eyes and minds of a
great religious gathering. The stage
and church, in an olden day closely
associated, then separated for a time,
were brought together again at Co
lumbus in a manner which we are
warranted in supposing presages other
changes of views on the entire ques
tion .of amusement and diversion.
The burglars who bodily took a 300
pound safe from a picture house early
Sunday morning are artists as well as
thieves. There must have been two,
as there is not a strong man in the city
to negotiate that job. Detectives say
there is no clew, but one cannot be
lieve a detective. This is wholly a
new line of industry and the only way
to circumvent the operators is to use
heavier safes. Three thieves would be
a crowd and the cop on the beat sure
ly would spot the bunch.
England's monstrous violations of Inter.
national law at sea were only possible as
long aa America connived at them.
He confirms all that has been said
of Germany's long preparation for
war and shows how much the war
lords relied on cultivation of pacifism
and pro-Germanism in America by
In a conversation at the foreign office
several years before the war I was assured
that America would never agree to such
tactics. YVe reckoned with certainty on un
limited Imports through Holland.
with arms, but still fights with propa
ganda; that peace is signed but not
yet in effect. Though Germany has
ratified the treaty, it has already be
gun to violate the terms. It provides
in the Weimar constitution for future
union with Austria, though pledged not
to seek such union. It has started a
reign of terror in Silesia in order to
suppress the Polish vote in the refer
endum. It maintains an army in Bal
tic Russia in defiance of the allies'
demand for withdrawal. The mili
tarists are conducting a campaign for
restoration of the kaiser with ail that
he signifies.
In such a situation The Oregonian
could not, consistently with its loyalty
to the United States, have permitted
itself to become the medium for
propagating articles which bolster up
the cause of an enemy in defeating
whom the best blood of America has
been shed. We could and did judge
of the subsequent chapters by the one
which was received, on the principle
"False in one thing, false In every
thing." The time will come when we
sliall be able to read calmly the his
tory of the warns written by a Ger
man, but that time has not yet come
and the historian will not be Luden
dorff. one of the arch-criminals. The
quarantine against propaganda is
still on.
Ludendorff refers to the two pro
tests against the blockade which were
sent by the United States to the allies
in 1915 and says that "both protests
ere bluntly rejected by England."
though in fact the replies were
couched in moderate terms and con
tained an able defense of the block
ade, based largely on American prece
dents established in the civil war. He
The United States government accepted
'he rebuff. According to Its own verdict,
ts altitude to tiermany for nearly two
years was unneutral.
In -support of this opinion he quotes
Bernstorffs distorted view of neutral
ity as expressed in April. 1915. and a
private letter from Joseph H. Choate
to Viscount Grey rejoicing that his
hope of American intervention against
Germany had been realized. In sup
port of the German view of America's
motives in entering the war he quotes
i conversation "between a certain re
liable personage and an American
:onsul-general," in which the latter
said of the Lusitania affair:
That was only the match that set fire to
the straw, and it has been fully exploited
ts propaganda. But for this, we should
lave to find other convincing reasons for
oming Into this business. If we had not
otned the allies, we should have been no
vhere after the war. Now we expect to be
lumber one and we shall be number one.
fcne . cGermany) had become a menace,
md we In America recognized the fact. For
his reason we tackled the problem and
bought we understood It. We are con
vinced that our people will take the lead
vfter the war. It Is we who are going to
lictate. not only to Germany but to the
est of Europe.
It Is a matter of businesa. That is what
ear has always been.
If any American consul-general said
'Jiat. he was pro-German, for his
opinions were those which Germany
had laboriously propagated, and his
reference to the war as a matter of
business, fought for commercial su
premacy, was particularly adapted io
The recent action of Chicago medi
cal authorities in preventing the. mar
riage of a man in the last stages of
tuberculosis has not precipitated the
storm of criticism that was prediated
for it. The world moves, but not fast
enough, as is shown by a tale in the
Kansas City Star, which recounts that
there is in Kansas City a feeble
minded woman who has been ac
customed to appear regularly at
public hospital, where her babies
are born. No provision is made by
the state except for the care of the
woman, which is sheer mercy in the
peculiar and unpreventable circum
stances, and for support of her con
stantly growing brood of feeble
minded progeny. We may suppose
that after these have been reared at
state expense, they also will be free to
marry and beget other feeble-minded
children. There seems to be no one
so handicapped as to be unable to find
a mate, liven the Siamese twins, as
was told in the "Fifty Years Ago"
column in The Oregonian the other
day, succeeded in finding wives and
bringing children into the world, al
though fortunately in their case they
did not transmit their peculiar dis
ability to their descendants.
But the point is that 'while we are
tending toward recognition that mar
riage is an affair of society, and not
exclusively the private concern of two
individuals, and are safeguarding it
with reference to "communicable or
transmissible diseases," as in several
states at present, we are not yet awake
to the menace of the marriage of the
mental low-grades. The famous Juke
family stands as a classical example
of the results of such neglect, but it
owes its prominence only to the fact!
that someone made a special study of
it, and not to tho fact that it was
particularly unique,. There is in truth
no prohibition in most states of mar
riage of any two persons who can get
enough money together to pay for a
license and a functionary to marry
them. Every now and then we read of
a wedding of inmates of a
which is treated as a "romance."
There are said to be 100,000 married
imbeciles In the country, to say noUi-
doing their duty by the rest of the
world, they shall not unnecessarily
risk or sacrifice the interests of this
country. In this matter they do not
blindly accept the Judgment of the
president, but they attach equal
weight to that of the senate as the co
ordinate treaty-making power.
In order to carry out the popula
will and to speed ratification of th
German treaty, the president would d
well to heed this state of public opin
ion. His demand for ratification with
out reservations does not accord with
public opinion as reflected in the can
vass, and promises to be the real cause
of delay. If he would convey to the
democratic, senators an intimation tha
he would approve reservations on the
lines proposed by Senator McNary
there is small doubt that a two-thirds
majority would soon rally to that
policy. He is in grave danger of being
held up before the people as the real
obstacle to conclusion of peace.
As the most successful organization
in establishing peace between em
ployers and workmen, the Loyal
Legion of Loggers & Lumbermen can
give some useful information to the
president's conference of labor and
capital, but its advice will not be wel
come to the reds, who want anything
except peace.
The cat is out of the bag. The rea
son L. J. Simpson and Charley Hall of
Marshfield are in Portland is to gain
definite information from the state
highway commission before a big road
programme is sprung in Coos county.
Next month there will be a mass meet
ing of citizens in Coos county for the
purpose of launching a bond issue. Coos
county will go the limit, a matter of
$l,250,0fl0. This money will be for the
Improvement of roads in the county
Among the projects will be building
a road to Bandon and anotner from
Bandon to the Curry county line. The
main arteries of Coos county will re
ceive attention under this bond issue
if it goes through. The whole Coos
road programme was dependent on as
surances from the highway commission
that work will be pushed on the Rose
bure-Coos Bay road, and these as
surances have been given.
Edwin Weaver, at the Perkins, reg
Isters from Myrtle creek, one of the
towns in southern Oregon where en
gineers of the highway department do
not stop. Myrtle creek expected the
Pacific highway to run through the
town, but this did not meet with the
judgment of the commission, which has
built a new grade on the opposite side
of the Umpqua river and will build a
bridge carrying the highway through
the very southern end of Myrtle creek
instead of along the main street. This
new grade, by the way, eliminates the
Roberts mountain grade, which has
been a man-killer for automobilists. Mr.
Crane, the contractor, who is paving this
new grade, is in the city and says he
had just laid the first quarter-mile of
"hot stuff" when the rains came. Mr.
Crane expects to pave six of- the 13
miles before knocking off work for
the winter.
Waldport is still patiently awaiting
the day when one of the oil wells now
being sunk in that vicinity sends up a
gusher of steen hundred barrels a day.
The little town on Alsea bay has great
hopes of striking oil. What the people
of Waldport would like to know is what
is to become of the railroad, built across
the bay, as a spruce transportation
route. At present the track is ac
cumulating an excellent quality of rust.
Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Byron of Waldport
arrived at the Perkins yesterday for a
short trip.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By James J. Blonfagae.
The International Typographical
union has sent printers to Tacoma to
get out the papers and the president
of the mine workers has ordered the
26,000 Lackawanna miners to abide
by their agreements or suffer the
consequences. These incidents sus
tain faith in the sanity of organized
The advent of prohibition revitalizes
the issue of dancing. The dancing
masters, through their national organ
ization, have seized upon a psychologi
cal moment for starting a campaign
to induce the Methodists to relax the
prohibition of the dance which still U
part of th church discipline. We may
question the tact, or doubt the pro
priety of the language employed to
convey the thought, but we may not
question the sincerity of the pledge
of these dancing men to throw the
weight of their influence on the side
of dancing in an unobjectionable form
They are artists, most of them, and we
may be sure that they have discovered
long since that even from a com
mercial point of view it does not pay
in the long run to cater to the
prurient and the evilly disposed
These are too greatly in the minority
in any American community of which
we have knowledge. The dancing
masters will keep their promise,
Argument henceforth will center
around the ancient issue whether
dancing is per se a device of Satan for
pulling human creatures down.
There will be support within the
church for the new movement. Those
who recognize that the time is ripe for
adoption of a new viewpoint already
are calling themselves the "progres
sive wing." There appeared before
the dancing masters' convention the
other day Lieutenant J. Henry Smythe
attached to the American Red Cross,
who is the son of an eighty-year-old
minister of Philadelphia, and who de
clared that he would do everything in
his power within the church to obtain
a modification of the objectionable
clause. He made the point that danc
ing Js in itself a wholly innocent
amusement, rather to be encouraged
than forbidden. It is held by others
that it is the abuse, and not the use,
of the dance, which has brought it
into disrepute. But that is a matter
quite within the control of enlightened
public .sentiment. Kven the "shimmy"
can be, and often is, danced decently.
The waltz degenerates on occasion
into an unpleasing spectacle. But
people are soberer now than they used
to be; and in- the quest of diversion,
now that liquor has been taken from
us, the question is whether we shall
not be wise to temper the dance to
suit our purpose, rather than to sub
ject spirited young people of both
sexes to temptations the result of
which we cannot foresee.
There was an unfortunate occur
rence in New York on a Sunday not
long ago which illustrates the point
that the most innocent amusements ;
Lawlessness in Boston is the result
of the transformation of the city from
the home of New England Puritanism
into a hive of polyglots as varied as
the population of the defunct Haps
burg empire. The ingredients thrown
in the melting pot refused to melt and
are boiling over.
Every Portland man so lucky as to
draw a ticket to her Wilson can add
to the fair name of the city by giving
it to an upstate man not so fortunate.
Portland men have enough good
things to offset this kind of self-sacrifice.
There may not be a taint of propa
ganda in the loss of half a million by
fire in a Nebraska potash plant that
was developed during the war, but
there can be a suspicion. "Spontane
ous combustion" covers a multitude
of fires.
Miss McKay's rescue of Court Hall
is a decided reversal of the old form
of romance, in which the poor western
man saves the life of the rich heiress,
but this is the age when women do
all the things which men used to do.
How does Chairman Colver of the
federal trade commission expect us to
devise a scheme for "busting" the 1920
model trust, when we have not yet
succeeded in "busting" that' of the
1900 model?
"We will build, and that means grade
and gravel, a road 15 miles in length
from Pendleton to Pilot Rock, out of
Umatilla county funds," announced
Judge C. H. Marsh yesterday. "J. N.
Bnreess. - who will succeed W. L.
Thompson on the state highwt y com
mission, lives at Pilot Rock and uses
the road to Pendleton twice a day
This road is part of the Oregon-Wash
ington highway and is on the state
road programme, but we intend build
ing it ourselves so that other counties
cannot say that Mr. Burgess is v:ing
his position to build a road to his own
town. We don't have to do this, for the
state should build it, the same as the
Pacific highway, or any other highway,
but we intend forestalling criticism,
that's all."
Being mayor is a habit wi'h Dr. W. J.
Donnelly of Arlington. From the day
he left Mountain City, Tenn., and ar
rived in Oregon he has been mayor of
nearly every town, in which he has
resided long enough to qualify for the
office. He has been mayor of three or
more towns east of the Cascade range.
In passing, it may be stated that in
each town where he was elected there
was a considerable percentage of Ten
nesseeans. and quite a sprinkling of
townies from Mountain City, which
may account for his repeated political
From distant Jordan valley comes
Mrs. P. O. Duncan and Louise Anawalt
to the Benson. Out that way the cow
punchers are seen at their best and
there is some mining and farming.
Jordan valley people, when they want
to see a railroad train, have to travel
more than 60 miles, leave the state of
Oregon and go over into Idaho, to
Caldwell. Ontario business men ex
pect some day to see a road from their
town to Jordan valley, which will bring
all that traffic to their town.
All went well until Eugene was
reached and then the automobile broke
down. This accounts for the delay of
E. B. Fish and E. L. Kilbourne of San
Francisco, in arriving at the Hotel
Portland. They are connected with a
barrel hrjise, or. rather, a factory which
anufactures barrels. The (Jalirornlans
braved the reconstruction period of the
Pacific highway and, notwithstanding
the smash of a vital part of the gear at
Eugene, they say they had a pleasant
J. Berenzweig has the most difficult
name to pronounce of any of those reg
istered at the Benson yesterday. No
two of the bellhops nor the clerks pro
nounced it alike. The visitor is from
"Laws Ongahlees." as Julius Tannen,
also at the Benson, calls it, Julius de
claring that unless you pronounce it
right they won't admit you to citizen
ship in southern California.
Being a Review of Books and Inter
views by the Men Who Lost the War.
- ity Van Bethmun-Hollvveg.
Who toldt us ve vas sure to vin.
Undt, venn der Yankee troops came in,
iichkipped oudt to save his vort'less
By General Ludendorff.
Who in der var us Chermans gott,
Undt get us oudt of it could not?
Who should ve ought, right off, haff
By Marshal von Hlndenburg.
Who toldt us dot der only means
To vin der var was submarines, 1
Undt vent ahead and schpilled der
By Admiral von Tirplts.
Who vas der big bay-vindowed schtuff
Who said der army vas enough.
Undt couldn't make good on his pluff?
Who vas der innocent young lad
Who neffer could do nothing bad,
Ein regular Sir Gallahad?
By Wllhclm.
Because I no more boss der game
Ondt can't write "Kaiser" mitt my
Undt loss my chob, who do I blame?
Page Son Lloyd.
Which is the most profitable, to keep
a cow for the milk that is in her or
kill her for the beefsteaks that she
They're Pulling Thrm Right Along.
The senators must have found T. R.'s
dictionary of short and ugly words.
Lotw of Room In the Jailn.
If the law had its dues the housing
question wouldn't bother the profiteers
as far as their personal needs were
(Copyright, 1919. the Bell Syndicate.)
Owner Telia of Hinher Coat of Every
Fiinn of Service and Supply.
In Other Days.
Twenty-five Yeara Ago
From The Oregonian of September 11, 1594.
The Portland General Electric com
pany will soon receive a complete new
powerful outtlt for the power trans
mission plant at the Willamette falls.
The water supply failed nearly all
over the city for an hour yesterday,
due to a break in the 20-inch auxiliary
on D street, between First and Front.
The eighth annual session of the
Oregon Press association has been
called by President I. L. Campbell to
meet at Pendleton on October 2.
The last river and harbor bill passed
by congress contains an appropriation
for about $13,000 for work on the Wil
lamette above Portland.
The prosecutor at Detroit suggests
tar and feathers for the rent prof
iteer, and that is foolish talk from a
man in his position. The problem is
too big to be discussed in a frivolous
Statisticians are out with the figures
to show the cost-of food is decreasing
In this city, and the dealers may have
slipped, but the housewife who does
the buying remains to be shown.
Boston and Hammond are good
places in which to demonstrate Ameri
can bolshevism the xxtremes of
American civilization of 1919, high
brows and slantheads.
How is anybody to know who's who
when a faker poses as ambassador
from a fictitious republic and an Ital
ian admiral becomes a bootblack in
Constantinople ?
Contempt for America is shown in
the killing of an American soldier by
Germans in the neutral zone. How
about it? Germany is not Mexico.
As month follows month, the days
of each seem to be the best in Oregon;
et September days have a charm that
Is not excelled.
One of the signs of the times is the
Industrial company down on the
peninsula increasing its capital half a
million. .
Telegraph company messengers do
not want much. Seven dollars a day
will be about right, they believe.
Senator James Hamilton Lewis sees
two democratic candidates next year.
Who's the other, Jim?
The sailors have gone and may they
come again and soon. They were a
dandy" lot of boys.
Certainly the Boston incident is not
the best recommendation for union
izing a police forcej t
Poison oak is worrying James S.
Stewart of Corvallis, who is at the Im
perial. For years he has fussed around
the plant without being bothered and
the other day he was viciously at
tacked by the vegetation until he feels
like an armless man with the hives.
Meanwhile Mr. Stewart says he is grow
ing tomatoes "as big as that," indicat
ing with his hands a tomato the size
of a medicine ball.
In a sea-going automobile a couple
of "gobs" have motored across the con
tinent, coming to snug anchorage in
the Imperial at 8 bells yesterday.
Jack W. Merrill of Boston and Angus
R. Green of New York are on their way
to Mare Island navy yard.
"Crops fine and prices good, is the
summary of the season at his orchard
in Hood River, made by W. R. Lara
way, who is at the Perkins. J. W.
Swope, an orchardist of M'osier, dittoes
Mr. Laraway's report.
On of the prominent dairymen of
Tinamook is W. B. Alderman, who is
registered at the Perkins. Many of the
dairies in that section have trained the
cows to submitting to mechanical
V. W. Mason of Summit, Or., is at
the Imperial. Summit has an altitude
of 750 feet and a population of 55 or
; hereabouts, and is in Benton county,
on the railroad which wends its way
to Newport.
The Benson advertised for elevator
girls yesterday. There was a bunch
of applicants so comely that Florence
J.iegfcld, Jr., could have drafted a brand
new . beauty chorus for the "Follies"
from their ranks.
W. H. Marshall of Dee is at the Ore
gon. Dee is on the foothills of Mount
Hood in Hood River county, and is a
truitful place for apples and berries,
with plenty of snow in winter.
What E L. Westover doesn't know
about- cows isn't worth mentioning.
Mr. Westover, who is registered at the
Hotel Portland, is the-cow expert of
the Oregon Agricultural college.
People who have towns named after
them are becoming as common as dis
charged soldiers these days. The lat
est is A. W. Cook, Jr., of Cooksburg,
Pa., who signed at the Benson.
Manager of the principal mercantile
store at Carson, Wash., is M. L. Thomp
son, now In the city and visiting at the
Hotel Portland.
D. W. Williams, one of the cranberry
experts of Ilwaco, Wash., is among the
arrivals at the Aiultnomau.
PORTLANp, Sept. 10. (To the Ed
tor.) In the last few weeks there has
been a great deal of agitation against
high prices and profiteering. Meetings
have been held, resolutions drawn up
and prosecutions threatened. Commit
tees have been selected and investiga
tions started. In short it is a sort of
open season on anyone and anything
which is profiteering or in somebody's
imagination is doing so.
I hold no brief for the genuine
profiteer, but I deplore activities which
harass and hurl groundless accusations
at .thousands of legitimate bu.smesa
men of every kind. In a discussion
into which so much passion and preju
dice has entered it is especially neces
sary that calm consideration and rea
son should take part. Let us reason
together, not hurl accusations at each
other. Increases in price are hard for
anyone to bear in good temper. Under
such a provocation many have said and
done things which they regret in their
calmer moments. Many people, at in
creased prices, however necessary, feel
blind, unreasoning resentment which
might go far toward injuring business
of all kinds.
To be more specific, the cry of profit
eering is raised against the apartment
house owners of Portland. Lndue in
creases in rent are charged, with the
allegation that increased cost to the
owner does not warrant them. Let me
speak from personal knowledge of the
owner's expenditures. The owner's
food and other personal necessities
cost more than they did six months or
year ago. No one questions that.
Fuel of any kind costs much more,
whether it be wood, coal or oil, than it
did when the owner laid in his supplies
a year ago. Every service of any kind
which is performed for the owner costs
more, whether it be janitor, plumber or
what. No one with knowledge of the
facts questions that. It is hard to say
just what per cent of increase is justi
fied. But remember that the owner's
dollar has shrunk just as rapidly as
yours. I-am personally convinced that
a rise of 20 per cent over rents of a
year ago is not profiteering.
Consider also in this connection that
apartment house owners of Portland
have barely averaged 6 per cent the
last ten years. That persons who have
lived in other cities will tell you Port
land rents have always been much
lower than those of other cities. Also
remember that the government has no
right arbitrarily to restrict earnings
in times of prosperity to a low amount
unless it will guarantee reasonable
earnings all the time, in good and bad
times alike. Let us have a careful, rea
sonable investigation, but not a blind
hue and cry. OW.N'ER.
Fifty Yeara Ago.
From The Oregonlnn of September 11. 1S89.
Washington. President Grant, mem
bers of the cabinet and many other
distinguished men were present yes
terday at the funeral services for the
late becretary Rawlins.
Avondale, Pa. Searchers have thus
far recovered 108 bodies from ruins
of the coal mine, where the lire and
explosion occurred last week.
Rev. Mr. Summerville of Victoria,
who has occupied Dr. Linriley's pulpit
in this city for several weeks, has re
turned to Victoria.
The Dutch ship Andreas has been
towed down to St. Helens, where she
will be loaded with lumber for Hongkong.
By Grace E. nail.
I would that each morning a great
tray were offered.
From which to select what the mind
was to wear;
The thoughts that adorn it oh, could
they be proffered.
How warily then would we choose
and with care!
Could thoughts take a form that the
eye most delighted,
Whene'er they were worthy and
promised to glow.
Oh, then were the gems quickly
grasped which are slighted
So often by all when the thought
fails to show!
If only a tray such as thiswere pre
sented Each morning, I'd take just two jew.
els each day.
And strive to adapt to the tints rep
resented And add to the luster of each bril
liant ray;
Two thoughts two intentions and
wear them with pleasure
Oh, wondrous adornment from life's
golden store:
The one would be charity, greatest of
treasure. .
The other just kindness to wear
It Implies No Obligation to Comply
With Unreaaonable Demanda.
ESTACADA, Or., Sept. 9. (To the
Editor.) I was much interested in The
Oregonian's editorial on the word
"obey in the marriage ritual. When
I was rector of a parish I had often to
explain and defend its use, which I
did as follows:
The marriage service has come in for
its share of adverse criticism, as being
archaic and out of date, a relic of a
time when woman was considered more
or less of a chattel. In support of this
it is pointed out that the woman is
compelled to promise to obey the man
and serve him. But the criticism is
superficial. It must be remembered
that the service is for the solemniza
tion of marriage according to the
Christian ideal. The relative position
of husband and wife therein set forth
is that which the New Testament en
joins. The husband is the head of the
wife, as Christ is the head of the
But he is to be no autocrat to de
mand unquestioning obedience to what
ever whim he may take. His authority
is strictly constitutional and can he
only exercised in a constitutional man
ner. Moreover, he first must pledge
his vows to the woman of love, com
fort, honor, cherishing and unswerving
fidelity. Then the woman's vows are
the reasonable logical response to those
of the man. But neither- the service
nor the obedience is service, but the
very reverse. St. Peter cites Sarah,
the wife of Abraham, as the typical ex
ample. (I Pet. 3:6.)
It is no argument of any force to
urge that many husbands do not fulfill
their vows. The service should set
forth the true position. It a husband
demands that which is unreasonable,
there is no obligation on the part of
the wife to comply as it conflicts with
his prior vows, it is null and void. In
stead of caviling at the word "obey,"
emphasis should be laid on these prom
ises of the husband, on the fulfillment
of which his authority depends.
Mayflower Settlera Knoirn by Both
Vames, Snym Mr. Ilonilley.
the Editor.) A communication to The
Oregonian complains that the writer
in writing of the Mayflower made no
distinction between the Pilgrims and
the J'untans. Permit the writer to
say that Puritan is the more general
word than Pilgrim. Purine: the relun
of Queen Elizabeth people who aimed
to purify the government and institu
tions of the state church were called
Puritans, from whose ranks sprang the
Separatists, who would separate from
tlie state church. From these Sepa
ratists went a company to Holland to
return to England to fit out the May
flower to embark for America.
Because wanderers, these heroic
souls were called Pilgrims, and. to he
specific, we call these first settlers of
New. England Pilgrims. Hut Bancroft
styles these settlers, usually called
Pilgrims, "Puritan exiles." There was
a reinforcement from England In l:i(l
of a thousand Puritans, and the M;i.wh
chusetts Bay company was founded.
So, in speaking of the Mayflower it
is easy to go from Pilgrims to Puri
tans, who have shaped America. There
is no evidence that the Pilgrims ever
persecuted persons dissenting from
thern. If the tradition that the Puri
tans burned witches is fallacious, as
they hanged them, it may be said that
hanging is as fatal as burning. Yes,
we live now. not then, and tolerance
prevails among us. and whether a per
son worships God in his own way or is
under a no-God is his own business,
and he is responsible to God or no
Mr. Peddicord Offera SuggeNtiona Con
cerning Presidential Speech Lottery.
HOOD RIVER, Or., Sept. 9. (To the
Editor.) Since it is reasonably pre
sumed it will be of no concern to the
committee of arrangements who uses
the ticket for admission to the audi
torium to hear the president's speech
on the treaty and league of nations,
and since, further, only about one in a
hundred and fifty will be permitted to
hear him, I would suggest, by way of
keeping up interest among the ever
wide-awake citizens of Oregon on the
great issue now before our congress
and the world, the Versailles treaty
and league of nations, that everyone
sign a coupon, pool the issue in groups,
circles, societies and committees of liiii
or fewer and cast lots for the seat if
a ticket is drawn for one of the num
ber, or choose someone of the number
to represent the group.
A meeting to hear the report of the
fortunate holder of the ticket could
be made a source of pleasure and
profit by way of general discussion.
I suggest, further, that some of the
really blind men or women of Port
land be given the job of drawing. Bet
ter pay them for such services of the
treasury than for the more fortunate
to feign blind and "save" a few dol
lars, so badly needed by some who
shiver all day long for a few dimes
from the charitably disposed passersby
on our streets. W. J. PEDDICORD.
Pronunciation of Name.
MADRAS, Or., Sept. 9. (To the Ed
itor.) Please tell me the right pro
nunciation of St. Louis. Is the "s"
sounded or is it silent?
The name of the Missouri city is
given the English pronunciation with
the final "s" by authorities who rec
ognize that the true French pronuncia
tion would be San Loo-ee short "a"
in "San." "Saint Loo-ee," which is of
ten heard, is a mixture of English and
Whereabout of Stenmahlp.
PORTLAND. Sept. 9. (To the Editor.)
Am very desirous of knowing the loca
tion of "The Western Knight," a steel
ship from Seattle bound for China: also
the address of the general offices in Se
attle where the names of the crew on
this ship are enrolled. A READER.
The steamship Western Knight was
last reported August 5 at Manila,
bound for Yokohama and Seattle. She
should reach Seattle soon. This vessel
Is operated by the Pacific Steamship
company, with offices in the Smith
building, Seattle. The names of the
crew can be furnished by the Seattle
office of the company.
Whrnt In Wae-houae.
WELLS, Or., Sept. .8. (To the Ed
itor.) In regard to wheat in the ware
house (1) Docs the government furnish
millers money to buy wheat?
(2) If so, why can one miller buy and
another won't pay for your wheat
when it is in his warehouse?
(1) No.
(2) Write to United States grain cor
poration, Board of Trade building,
Portland, for adjustment of matter.