Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, August 23, 1919, Page 8, Image 8

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THE MORNING' OREGOXIAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 23, 1919.
"nonimjjcStrjmtttm
." ESTIBLISBED Bt HE5BT L- PITTM'K
Pnkilh4 by The Onionlio Publlshln Co-,
1U Sixth Street. Fsrliand. Orion.
C A. MORI. KM. K. B. PIPER.
Uaouir. Editor.
1 The Oreaonlan te a member of the Aseo-Mat-d
Press. The Associated Prw l -rluslrely
entitled to the IK for publica
tion of all news dispatches credited to It or
rot othervrlse credited In this paper and also
the lo,al news published herein. All rlsnte
of republication of special dispatches herein
re also reserved.
! 8abocrlptJoa Bain Inyariablr la Advance:
(Br Mall.)
really. Sunday Included, ona year ....
ra:ly. Sunday Included. sts months
Xiaily, Sunday Included, three montha
. ra!y. Sunday Included, ana month .
Deiiy, without Sunday, one year
fi!lv. irlthAnt ti.inH.v ilr initnlhi
Tiaily. without Sunday! ona month 2
weeniy one year ..
Ponday. one year
Sunday and weekly
( By Carrier.)
Tally. Sunday Included, ona-year ....
Tally, Sunday Included, one month ..
rally. Sunday Included, three moathe
pally, without Sunday, one year
'Dtllr. wlthant Hiinil. H i itiftntha
Uajlj. without Sunday! ona montb ......
Maw to Remit Send postofflca money or
t6er. express or personal check on your local
bank. Stamps, coin or currency are at own
er's risk. tilve postofflce address In full. In
ciuaini county ana state.
lntare Bate) 12 to It pajree.
to 32 pases. 2 cents: a to 4H page.
M to etl Daiu. 4 cents: S'J to 74 pace.
cents: 7. to 8J pages. cents. Foreign post
Ale, double rate.
Kb tern BuslneM Office Verrea Conk
lln. brunswick buiidinc. New York: Verre 4
Conklla. Sterer bulldlnc. Chicaco: Verre
Conklln. Kree Press building, 1 .etrott. Mich.
fti Francisco representative. R. J. Bid well.
under which the passenger pays three
cents for the first cone mile, two cents
for each additional zone mile and a
penny for a transfer. It is estimated
that one fifth of the riders will pay
three cents and that one third will
pay more than they now pay. All will
pay for as much ride as they get.
Conditions in Portland seem to sug
gest the zone system as the fair way
out, for perhaps half of the passen
gers pay six cents for a ride of one to
two miles, while a very large propor
tion pay the same price for a ride of
five to ten miles. One may ride from
Fulton to St. Johns for the same price
as from down town to the bead of
Washington street. Portland has fewer
than 5000 people per square mile in an
is no
4.25
I .is
.7.1
s oo j area of 66 square miles, so that the
.60
1.00
- SO
&0
19.00
.7.1
7. HO
1.95
; rORTUND STREET CAR PROBLEM.
The decision of the war labor board
that wages of men employed on Port
land street railways should be mater
ially Increased has been followed by
a statement of the Portland Railway,
.Light & Power company that it is not
earning enough money to pay the in
crease, and that it cannot earn enough
unless fares are also increased. There
is danger that if the employes do not
get what they ask, they will strike and
car service will stop. There is danger
also that the company may cease to
run the cars through sheer inability
to get the money to pay the men to
run the cars. That reads like the old
story of "The House that Jack Built.'
but in orrir that it may end as hap
pily, we must apply our minds to the
problem, keeping our tempers mean
while.
For the situation is not peculiar to
Portland: It is general. There was a
time when all the conditions govern
ing rapid transit were so uniform and
stable that the five-cent fare within
.city was almost universal, and there
;were some ventures at a three-cent
fare. Then came the war and de
'stroyed the entire basis on which cal
culations had been made. Cost of
.everything has almost doubled, wages
.have doubled and the nlckle was too
small to pay the higher cost. The
"fare in Portland was raised to six
cents, but the increase in cost has out
stripped the added revenue from the
.extra cent. At the same time tens of
thousands of people have bought auto
mobiles and withdrawn patronage
from steet cars. More than ever, the
street car is the poor man's carriage.
;for every well-paid workman now has
his auto.
The fate of an Industry in which
over six billion dollars have been in
vested in the United States is at stake,
having 44.000 miles of urban and
rural electric track. If it should be
destroyed or seriously impaired, the
loss would fall on the tens of thou
sands of small investors as well as on
the big capitalists who promoted and
financed the lines. This process had
already gone so far on May 31, 1919,
that 63 companies with 5912 miles of
single track were in receivers' hands.
CO companies hud dismantled and
.junked their 763 miles of track and
-38 companies had abandoned 257
' 'mil. s of track. If the process should
continue, the effect on the general
public Vould be far more serious.
'. Rapid transit has become as much of
a necessity to a city as a water supply.
If all street railways should go the
way of those mentioned, we should be
driven to find a substitute. It may be
. more healthy to walk, but rapid tran
sit has tempted too many to live far
.from their work, so that the time con
sumed Is an important factor, aside
from the certainty that the stranded
suburbanite would kick instead of
walking.
,' A way out must be found, and the
simplest and least expensive way is to
intake the most of the apparatus we
have before making experiments with
any substitutes. The main requisites
are to ascertain what the company's
property is worth, what service will
meet the public needs, what that ser
,vire will cost in material, wages and
other expenses at the prevailing scale,
and what rates of fare will pay that
cost of operation and fair interest on
the value of the property, not on the
capitalization, which now has nothing
to do with the case. After endless
discussion there is general agreement
on this basis for action. It has finally
teen realized that the people will not
pay such fares as woirM yield fat
dividends on watered stock, and that
they cannot get good service unless
they pay enough to yield fair interest
on the property.
Chicago was a pioneer in this kind
of settlement. A valuation of the
street railways was agreed on in. 1909
betterments are a died as they are
made and. after paying operating ex
penses, the company is paid 5 per cent
on the entire investment. The sur
plus is then divided. 55 per cent to the
city, 45 per cent to the company. At
present the city gets nothing: the
company is getting less than its guar
anteed 6 per cent under this arrange
ment. Chicago has a uniform five
cent fare.
That plan did net suit war condi
tions and. when Cleveland was con
fronted with the necessity of raising
fares, it adopted a system by which
net earnings above cost of operation
are placed in a stabilizing fund, from
which the company Is first paid a
fixed percentage on the agreed value
of the properly. A sliding scale of
fare is established and when the sta
bilizing fund rises to a certain total,
fares go down: when the fund falls to
a certain figure, fares go up. the ob
ject being to keep the fund about a
certain sum and in effect to refund
the excess to the public in the shape
f reduced fares. Youngstown. O.. has
just adopted that plan, allowing 7 per
cent to the company.
When the question of fares was
opened, that of uniform fares was also
opened. Uniform fares work well in
a city of moderate area, densely popu
lated. but they do not fit a population
that is thinly spread over a large area,
nor do they fit a number of towns and
villages connected by a network of in
terurban lines. The latter was the
case with the Public Service Railway
company, whirh serves Newark. Jer
sey City. Camden and other cities in
Ntw Jersey with much intervening
country. It was met by adoption of a
sone system by the public service com
mission, accepted by the company.
company is taxed to run cars past
wide vacant spaces which produce no
traffic. That compares with 25,000
people per square mile in Cleveland's
37 square miles.
But Portland and other Pacific
coast cities pride themselves on hav-
ing plenty of room, on being cities of
homes, each with its own lot, and on
having no crowded tenement districts.
The zone system would tend to fill up
the vacant spaces, many of which are
1 cent: is mere patches of pestilent weeds, but
1 ceT"i it would lead to closer building near
pages. I
me center, ana . it wouia require pre
cautions against tenements.
Seattle has tried to avoid raising
fares and also to avoid the zone sys
tem by taking the street railways off
the hands of the company, and claims
to have made a small profit on the
first few months of municipal opera
tion but that is after abolishing all
taxes, franchise fees, bridge tolls and
other public charges. Even the city
officials pay fare and the fares of po
licemen and firemen are paid by the
city. Some charges also may be in
cluded in the expenses of other de
partments. In fact an accurate com
parison between Seattle's municipal
system and other cities' private sys
tems is not possible without detailed
examination of accounts.
Portland is up against the problem.
It is similar to. but not exactly the
same as, the problems of other cities.
We cannot dodge the necessity of pay
ing for service what it costs, includ
little given to self-laudation, ' and is
quite likely to exercise a restraining
influence on those who are exceptions
to the rule.
Against a few 'who may be sup
posed to have exhausted their emo
tional possibilities. We must set a great
number in whom confidence will have
been newly born, who will literally
have found themselves. Men who dis
covered for the first time that they
could do things of which they had not
known that " they were capable will
waste Iittla- time over metaphysical
discussions of emotional crises. We
do not suppose for a moment that
newly disclosed creative ability, or
any other kind of ability, is going to
Xanish with the signing of the peace
treaties. We incline f rather to the
view of practical employers who even
now are giving preference to service
men, not wholly for philanthropic
reasons, but quite largely because they
ate llUUlllg UiUl 11113 CApBJ ICUUe UU
whole has made them stronger, and
more self-reliant, and better disci
plined and rather more determined
than usual to give good accounts of
themselves. To suppose that a whole
army is coming home suffering from
a kind of intellectual equivalent of
shell shock is to make an estimate of
the average American with which we
cannot even in part agree.
THE t'LTIMATl'JU FROM 8CIO.
The public will be comforted to
hear that the Scio Tribune, a staunch
supporter of the president and his ad
ministration, boldly notifies Mexico
that it must put its house in order, on
penalty of intervention. Says the
Tribune:
The United States will have t go down
to lexico and clean up things, sooner oi
later. There la no doubt about It. . . .
Owing to the W'jnd war. President Wilson
and congress have been entirely too lenient
with these hot-headed Mexicans. Because
we have not sent an army down there with
an order to subdue, these hot-beaded iatlns
have developed an enormous big-headeunes.
courages the bolshevists; and the poor. Ig
norant, gullible peasants follow the lead of
the men, however criminal sometimes rath
er more lunatic than criminal who would
throw them tinder Germany's feet. The
American bolshevlets would tear America to
pieces, exactly as Russia has been torn.
They are still tearing Russia to
pieces, for they are the backbone of
the bolshevist army. There are 40,000
Germans in the red army which is
fighting Kolchak, and they accom
plished his recent defeats. Their gun
ners recently appeared on the Arch
angel front and the shooting, formerlv
wild, become accurate. Their agents
are swarming through Russia to re
new trade connections wherever pos
sible. Their tools are striving to tear
America to pieces also, in order to
prepare the way for Germans to gain
control of its trade..-
Roosevelt saw that the work of in
ternal disintegration carried on by Ger
many is no less destructive than that
of military aggression. The latter has
failed and the kaiser is gone, but the
work of disintegration still goes on in
America. It becomes all American:
to heed Roosevelt's warning and de
stroy bolshevism, for it aims to de
stroy the republic. -
Those Who Come and Go.
. TOO MUCH MONET,
Our minds are so fixed on the high
cost of living that we are apt to lose
sight of the fact that probably half
of it consists of the low price of
money. During the years 1915 and
1912 we exulted in the flood of for
eign gold, but that gold became the
basis for issue of more currency. As
supply of currency increased, its value
fell and was expressed in the high
price of commodities. Then we went
to -war, and issued more money to
transact war business under the re
discount privilege. We issued liberty
bonds for S50 and 3100, and they cir
culate as money.
Though business is active, this vol
ume of currency surely exceeds pres
ent needs. The excess only serves to
They are due to an awakeninc.
The alibi for the president is not keeD money cheap, that is, to keep
altogether convincing; but any reason
will do, provided he does what should
be done with Mexico
The American public will not find it
difficult to believe that the president
ing a fair return to the investor. From ?,han?,e? iS m,ind and,his P?""
the P,rpri.n nf other r-IHe. nrlAnted But " Wl11 He action, not Words, to
the experience of other cities, adapted
to our own conditions, we should be
able to work out a solution.
TREASON.
The time-tested confidence of many
thousand readers in the unfailing
veracity of the news columns of The
Oregonian must have had a severe
shock yesterday when they saw the
Incredible announcement that the
Kiwanis club of Tacoma had by for
mal resolution favored Rainier as the
name of The Mountain, everywhere
throughout the world except in Ta
coma called by the good old English
name. Incredible, but alas! true, too
true. The amazing news is confirmed
by the Tacoma papers now at hand,
which sadly, but with justifiable in
dignation, break the tragic Intelli
gence to the excited populace. The
News gives full details of the unbe
lievable abandonment of Tacoma's
most cherished illusion, with an ex
planation of the exact processes by
which it was done. The Kiwanis club.
it seems, was hypnotized by a con
scienceless spellbinder from Seattle.
It might have been expected. Only-
Seattle of course could have been
guilty of infamy so gross and palpable.
He appeared before the club, which
was in a mellow mood of nelghborli
ners, and suggested that it was time
to drop "small town stuff" and to
unite in a common aim to do justice
to the grand old mountain, and to
get the benefits of such publicity as
would certainly come from the ap
pealing spectacle of Seattle and Ta
coma getting together. The club
agreed, with only three dissenting
votes.
Now the jtorm has broken. The
geographical standpatters of Tacoma
have taken up arms. The News has
interviewed sundry exasperated citi
zens and with one accord they bestow
epithets on the Kiwanis club. Some
said the club was "crazy," some "piti
ful," some "treasonable" and others
"ridiculous." But all agreed that the
inalienable right of Tacoma to have
the name of a mountain all to itself
had been ruthlessly violated. Some
thing should be done about it. The
Mount Tacoma club has been sum
moned and the Tacoma -Real Estate
association will also adopt some suit
able resolutions. The Justice-to-the
Mountain club is yet to be heard from.
For the present it appears to be
breathless and speechless.
The Kiwanis cluD, it is but fair to
report, though we wonder at its temer
ity in the face of the universal recog
nition of its shame, defends its action.
Hear the bold words of its secretary:
We are trying to make Tacoma see that
Its best point In advertising itself as the
starting place for Mount Rainier. Nobody
In the east knows of Mount Tacoma. w hen
you get easterners to realise that the moun
tain we call Tacoma ia really Mount Rainier
yoa will bring many more tourists to the
cllf. There is no use in wasting our time
quarreling over the name and losing the
business that would naturally come' here.
convince the Mexicans.
To the rank outsider, the argument
of the Kiwanis club vould seem to be
quite sane and sensible. But it is not
a question for outsiders. Mount Ta
coma is Tacoma's mythical mountain.
What business is it of any outlander
if there is no such mountain?
GA18WOBTHY PROBABLY MISTAKES.
John Galsworthy thinks that the
war has lessened, and not increased,
the ability of men who took part in
it. The English novelist reasons that
men reached the apex of, their lives in
their supreme endeavor to acquit
themselves with credit in a grave
emergency, and that the thought that
they can never do so well again will
be a permanent handicap to them in
after life. The great moments of
their existence lie behind them, he
avs. "Human nature, ne aaas, is
elastic, and hope springs eternal, but
a climax of experience or sensation
cannot be repeated: I think these
have reached and passed the utter
most climax: and in Europe they
number millions."
Which most persons not novelists
will regard as a new kind of rot, and
which those who have observed will
say does not square with actual ex
perience. "Emotional exhaustion" is
a phrase coined by writers who put
undue stress on "temperament" and
make insufficient allowance for the
saving grace of common sense. It may
be true that a few out of a million of
our soldiers who endured the exper
ience of the great war will spend the
rest of their lives weakly bemoaning
their inability to rise to other lofty
altitudes of super-emotionalism, but
we doubt that It will be true of the
vast rank and file. It is typical of
Americans that they do not set much
store by being lionised, and that they!
do not rest on laurels once won. We
look fpr comparatively little of the
professional "hero stuff" In the years
ECONOMY STILL NECESSARY.
Economy in consumption of wheat
and flour is evidently imposed on us
for another year, according to the sur
vey of the wheat outlook by Wheat
Director Julius H. Barnes. The pre
dicted surplus of North America, Ar
gentina and Australia has been so re
duced, and the production of Europe
is still so far below normal that it is
still necessary in large measure to sub
stitute other foods for wheat and its
products.
There is some compensation for our
extravagunce in the fact that it has
accomplished this very purpose. We
have eaten less bread and turned to
more costly food, thus leaving a larger
margin for the countries which have
a shortage of wheat. This luxurious
self-denial costs us about 31.000.000
000 a year. To use the spendthrift's
motto, we economize on necessaries
in order to enjoy luxuries.
We need not practice this peculiar
economy beyond another year. Mr.
Barnes' automobile party of experts,
which has made the rounds of central
Europe, discovered that, while the ur
ban population has been milling
around at strikes and revolutions, the
rural population has been at work.
It has planted 90 per cent of the nor
mal wheat acreage and will harvest
75 per cent of a normal crop, which is
a very good beginning for people so
shaken, weakened and impoverished,
so deficient in implements, means of
transport and, seed. Another year of
peace "will put these people far on
the road to self-support."
The way to simpler living will thus
be made easy for us, for we shall no
longer be able to salve our consciences
by saying that we have turned from
eating bread to eating more costly
food in order to save wheat for starv
ing Europe. As Europe comes nearer
to supplying its own bread, we can get
back to bread. Then prices of other
food will tumble, we shall save that
billion dollars a year and the cost-of-living
problem will be solved.
We may also profit by the example
of the people of central Europe. Short
of tools, short of seed, short of men,
with damaged roads and railroads,
with engines and cars too few and out
of repair, with bridges blown up and
with only makeshifts in their place,
those people have gone to work with
the means at hand and have done the
very best they could.- We are well
supplied with all they lack. If we
will but get to work and stay with it,
and do less worrying about higher
wages which only cause higher prices,
our troubles will disappear. As things
are, we are selling each other watered
stock. Sweat of body and brain will
take out the water and improve our
health, both as a nation and as indi
viduals.
other things dear. It can be reduced
by raising the ratio of gold reserve to
paper money. Means might be found
to stop use of small liberty bonds as
money by gathering them in and re
placing them with those of larger de
nomination. Retirement of the old
bond-secured currency could be has
tened if it has not already been com
pleted. The old greenbacks could be
retired. Credit might be extended to
other countries as one means of re
ducing our excessive gold supply as
well as restoring the world balance of
trade and increasing our sales abroad
by increasing other nations' produc
tive capacity. Money would not be
come tight, for the rediscount privi
lege of the banks insures automatic
expansion and contraction of the cur
rency in proportion to the volume of
business.
This policy would have a salutary
effect aside from taking the inflation
out of the currency. It would dis
courage extravagance, which is one
of the causes of the high cost of liv
ing, for that is more truly the cost of
high living than when Jim Hill said it,
The man who now receives 310, where
n 1914 he would have received only
$5 does not realize that in purchasing
power he has little, if any, more
money. He thinks he has more to
spend, and he spends it. If he got
back nearer to the 35 basis, he would
think he had less to spend and he
would spend less, though the result
of the fall in prices might so raise the
purchasing power of his fewer dollars
that he would actually have a wider
margin for spending than before. The
decline in extravagance among several
million such men would help to force
prices down to the normal level.
Everybody would be just as well off,
for his income would buy as much on
the new as on the old level. We
should actually be better off, for we
should come down out of the air of in-
flation to the solid earth of economic
fact.
Recent analysis of government ex
port and import statistics made by
the National City bank contains the
nteresting revelation that rubber im
ports have been made at a lower cost
during the last fiscal year than in
any other year since 1890. We im
ported 400.000,000 pounds of rubber
in the II months ended July 1, 1919,
at an average price of 40 cents a
pound. The average price for the
last five years has been 50 cents. For
1911 the average was $1.06 a pound.
The quantity imported in the five
fiscal years since the beginning of the
war was greater than in the twenty
years preceding the war, but the aver
age price during the war was less than
that of the preceding twenty years.
It will appear that rubber, a war ne
cessity, was one of the few commod
ities that did rise sharply on that ac
count, and hope will be felt that with
the war out of the way a substantial
decline may be looked for.
"When the lumber export trade really
commences it is a question whether or
not we can get the ships to handle the
business," said J. R. Moorhead of Kan
sas City, who was at the Multnomah
yesterday. He is secretaFy for the
Middle West Retail Lumber Dealers'
association and is traveling on the
coast looking over the lumber' situa
tion here. "Of course, he went on,
"it is unnecessary to state that the
business is very satisfactory to those
concerned. However, there is not the
profit that there was in it in normal
times." While in Portland Mr. Moor
head ran across W. B. Bolton, veteran
traveling shoe man, and they are spend
ing their spare time sitting around the
lobby talking over their boyhood days
in the Missouri town where they at
tended school together.
Possibilities of being tied up in
definitely in Portland aren't worrying
A. J. Sine, his son and two daughters
from Chicago, who are at the Mult
nomah. The Sine party came west
through the Canadian Rockies and Se
attle and will return through southern
California. "The railroad situation in
the south may keep us here longer'"
remarked Mr. Sine yesterday, "but your
beautiful city and its surroundings
will keep us-busy sightseeing for some
time." He is associated with his son,
S. Sine, in the lumber business in
Chicago.
W. T. Rigdon is a man who believes
in doing one thing for business and
a totally different thing for pleasure.
In the first place, he has an undertak
ing parlor in Salem and has been in
the town so long he can identify most
of the tombstones on the hill. When
he isn't arranging for funerals he tries
a hand at poetry and has celebrated '
many of tho nooks around his home I
city in verse. With his. sons, H. A. and
L. E. Rigdon and Mrs. Rigdon, he wag
at the Imperial yesterday.
Lieutenant Edgar Piper, Jr., has re
turned to Portland from France. He
had served with the American army
abroad for 18 months. When the armi
stice was signed, he was in command
of an aero squadron at St. Maixent. He
was then transferred to Paris and at
tached to headquarters. His .recent
service has been as regulating officer
and assistant adjutant of the district
of Paris. He was discharged at Camp
Lewis Thursday.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By James J. Montague.
One of Oregon Agricultural college's
best-known lecturers among the wometi
is Mrs. Jessie D. McComb of the home
economics department. She was in
Portland yesterday and registered at
the Seward. Mrs. McComb is a power
ful enemy of the high cost of living and
has been showing housewives how to
make over their clothes and cook over
their dinners ever since the beginning
of the war.
The town of Bend must have stopped
building operations for a few days
while its principal architect, Lee R.
Thomas, is sojourning at the Imperial
in Portland. Mr. Thomas was the only
drafstman the town had during the
war and he has his mark on the court
house and a big share of the larger
buildings in Deschutes county.
A broken finger was responsible for
the visit paid the Oregon by Mr. and
Mrs. John Doumit and their son yes
terday. Mr. Doumit is a merchant at
Cathlamet and the father of an ener
getic youngster, " who contrived to in
jure a digit and topped this off by con
tracting blood poisoning in it. The
Doumlts brought the little fellow up to
consult a specialist.
J. W. Beymer, who is at the Imperial,
just about grew up with Sherman
county. He was formerly in the stock
business, but a few years ago he
branched out and tackled banking,
which he has been at ever, since, har
vesting the shekels that pour into his
establishment in Heppner.
Youngsters down in the schools of
Eugene have A. T. Fariss to thank for
the comfortable seats they occupy dur
ing the day. for he has been there a
good many years supplying school furniture-for
the city. Mr. Fariss was at
the Imperial over night.
- - THE OWL.
The owl that lives in the locust tree.
He hasn't a friend in the world not he.
In the shelter of night he flides his face,
A cowering figure' of black disgrace.
And yet the owl, in a happier time.
Before he turned to a life of crime,
Could hold his tufted head aa high
As any robin that fluttered by.
Clear was his conscience clear as a
bell
And this is the story of how he fell:
One morning as on his perch he sat
He watched a pilfering, criminal cat
Climbing a tree to ' a robin's nest,
And well, it's better to guess the rest.
And the owl he said to himself, said he,
"If a cat can do it, then why not me?"
(His grammar, you notice, was quite
absurd.
But the owl was a most uncultured
bird.)
And that very night, I am pained to
state,
A robin's babe he stole and ate!
And when in the morning they found
him out
(And they proved his guilt beyond a
doubt).
The birds came fluttering on his trail
And they tweaked his ears and they
pulled his tail
Till he hid away in a swampy glen.
And never came out in the light again.
And now at the fall of the evening dew,
When you hear him shrieking "To
who? To who?"
As he sits alone on the locust limb,
You'll know what happened to him to
him!
e e e
Worth More, Too.
You can't keep the daylight you save,
but we suspect that in Tennessee there
is still a lot of hoarded moonshine left
e '
Just nm a Cure.
We ought to send President Carranza
a biography of Sergeant Alvin S. York.
Doing It Thoroughly.
Out in the Rockies they have changed
the name of "The Devil s Punch Bowl
to "The Devil's Chafing Dish."
In Other Day.
Twenty-five Years Ago.
From The Oregonian of August 23. ISM.
Local Elks put on a big parade be
fore 5000 persons last night by way of
advertising their clam bake, set for
Oak Grove next Saturday. .
Judge Bellinger probably will be
forced to take a hand in the wage ad
justment difficulty betwen the O. R. &
iV. and its engine crews, the men not
being satisfied with the scale presented.
Delegates to the grand lodge of the
Sons of Hermann of the state of Ore
gon were entertained by a trip on the
river to Sellwood and a banquet in the
evening.
A reception was last night tendered
W. M. Meyers, the new gerfcral secre
tary of the Portland Y. M. C. A
Fifty Years Ago.
From The Oregonian of August 23; 1S69.
New York. The president returned
here today after his-trip through the
coal fields of Pennsylvania.
A survey of business houses in Port
land shows there are 13 barber shops.
three clothing stores, 34 wholesale and
retail dry good stores, 10 meat markets,
10 livery stables, three banking houses,
67 saloons and 14 tobacco stores.
We are informed that the McMinn
vllle Ditch company has completed
four miles of its ditch.
The Rev. Dr. Wythe, for many years
a resident of Oregon, left with his
family by steamer for California Saturday.
ROOSEVELT'S WARNING.
No finer example of the breadth
and depth of Theodore Roosevelt's
Americanism has been published lately
than the definition whiclT he gave of
an American's duty In the war or than
the tribute which he paid to the pa
triotism of that German-born Ameri
can, Otto Kahn. When America went
to war Mr. Kahn dropped his business,
devoted his large income to patriotic
service and went about the country
speaking in favor of relentless war on
Prussianism. His speeches have been
republished under the title "Right
Above Race" and Roosevelt wrote the
introduction.
Mr. Roosevelt wrote during what
seemed to many the darkest month of
the war, for his article is dated June
15. 1918. The Germans had just made
their drive to the Marne, and the
American marines had with super
human effort at Belleau wood and
Vaux prevented their further advance
to Paris, only 35 miles away. That
and the first little independent of
fensive at Cantigny were the bright
rays of hope in an otherwise dark sky
for the allies. But there was no sign
of fear or flinching in the colonel's
words. They were a ringing call to
all true Americans to stand firm, and
they dealt out praise to Mr. Kahn and
all others who did not spare them
selves, their sons or their fortunes.
His warning against ."the men here
who are trying to play the part of the
Russian bolshevists by upsetting order
and civilization in this country" has
gained force from the events of the
fourteen months which have passed
since he wrote. He remarked on Ger
many's success in using "the forces of
disorder in other countries to paralyze
the cause of liberty." We need now
to take to heart these words:
Ofcrmany has no fears as to her own abil
ity to suppress disorder. The minute she
conquers
Even passive resistance of the
Coreans proved a potent weapon with
Japan, for it aroused the public opin
ion of the world. When that opinion
is organized in the league of nations,
it will be irresistible.
Migratory birds cannot be hunted
with airplanes, rules the government.
Just so. Government may be consider
ing the hunters' assistants who would
have to hop out and pick up the birds.
Some day the banks of the Willam
ette will be of concrete, each dock a
ten-story building. The river will, in
fact, be a grand canal. But, alas,
some day we'll all be dead, too.
All other materials of that Hoquiam
saloon may fit-into the church but
what will be done with the foot-rail,
the big mirror, and the cock-tail
mixer? '
t "7 ' '
Shorter working days are tending
toward catastrophe in Germany, the
one nation tnat must worn long aau
tirelessly if it is to pay its debts.
When carmen strike, the magnifi
cent distances of which we have been
wont to boast lose their charm to the
man who has no automobile.
In England they are thinking of
permitting men to smoke in church.
especially during the sermon. That
ought to help the collection.
Possibly the brotherhoods in Los
Angeles walked out just for a change.
This is the restless period of the
year.
Shopmen of this coast have voted to
strike. for increased wages. One strike
more or less is all in the day's news.
There's a razor on the market that
also can be used to cut and trim hair.
Just ask your barber about it.
Russian province she puts down
VZZtl 7"?? n f'i 'n 211 There may be army shoes for sale
to come. The composite American is ucouragea the party of the reds, she aa-1 before Ions-
Mr. and Mrs. O. F. Reed of Chicago
are visitors with air. Keen s Drotner,
E. R. Reed, and Mrs. Henry Beneka of
this city. This is their first trip to the
Pacific coast. Mr. Reed is manager of
the optical department of the Marshall
Field store in Chicago.
Yesterday's register at the Multno
mah at first glance rather left the im
pression that a good share of Dixie had
moved into Portland. Among the names
of tourists on one page were the fol
lowing: A. R. Cotton of Wichita Falls,
Tex.; T. J. M. Daley and wife, Mem
phis, Tenn.: Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Wyatt,
Memphis, Tenn.; Mr. and Mrs. L. L.
Bankston, Tumica, Miss.; Helen Fox
and Edwina Ikard of Chickasha, Okla.
"And he's not a dead one, either," is
the remark you'll always hear if you
inquire for B. H. Maxwell of Los Ange
les at the Portland hotel. Mr. Maxwell
is one of the oldest commercial men on
the road and his business is disposing
of caskets to retailers. He comes
through Portland about twice a year.
C. C. Clark of Arlington is a celebrity
In his own town because he can't help
it. You see. the voters wished a job
as mayor off on him. Mr. Clark is
big stock producer and is at the Im
perial with his wife for a few days.
Two Eugene people at the Seward
are Mrs. C. M. Collier and Miss Dorothy
Collier. The latter is a graduate of the
University of Oregon and last fall had
charge of the school's exhibit at the
state fair. She 'has been planning to
attend Columbia university this year.
Leaving his strenuous duties in Chi
cago, o. . Keicn Has made a trip to
the Pacific coast with Mrs. Reich, and
their son and passed part of yesterday
and the night before at the Multnomah.
Mr. Reich is a prominent Illinois attor
ney and Is director of several Chicago
banks. They departed for California
yesterday.
In the last few years Ray R. Canter
bury of Seattle has taken an active
part in attending to the interests of
timber workers in tne nortnwest ana
now he has been made international
vice-president of their union. He
dropped in to the Perkins yesterday
from Puget sound. Mr. Canterbury not
long ago edited a labor paper in Bend.
One of the big men of the Booth
Kelly Lumber company is A C. Dixon
of Eugene, who is stopping at the
Portland. He is manager of the Eu
gene office of the firm.
Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Darnielle of The
Dalles were at the Imperial over night.
Mr. Darnielle was one of the proprie
tors of the Albert hotel, which burned
down about six months ago.
A. H. Hazen, a Lewlston, Idaho mer
chant, drove up to the Oregon yester
day after a long trip to Portland in
his car. Mrs. Hazen came to the city
with him.
F. J. Root is a San Francisco insur
ance man who has just arrived here
to take a position as manager of the
local branch of his company. He is
making his headquarters at the Ore
gon for the present.
A Seattle banker at the Portland is
N. H. Latimer, who is passing a few
days in the city. He is accompanied
by Mrs. Latimer.
Cattle and real estate are the two
chief interests in life for Elmer
Mathews of Fossil, who is stopping at
the Perkins a few days. ,
SUBURBAN' DEVELOPMENT IS LAX
Plea la Made for Concrete Recognition
of Portland Possibilities.
PORTLAND, --Aug. 22. (To. the Edi
tor.) Many of the good things appear
ing in the press are allowed to "pass
unheeded by." I was particularly Im
pressed with the suggestions of Stephen
T. Mather and Madison Grant as nar
rated in The Oregonian Saturday, and
am prompted to urge their favorable
consideration and to expand their ap
plication. . ' '
Accommodations at. Crater lake
should not be lacking and the park
should include Diamond lake and Mt.
Theilsen. All the beauty-spots and
sylvan fringes along the ; Columbia
highway should be preserved. These
duties devolve upon the public
In addition, private enterprise should
be stimulated toward development of
scenic and attractive areas aDout our
city, in the way of w.oodland homes,
charming rustic villas and classy coun
try seats, forming groups of sufficient
magnitude to demand attention and
admiration.
Portland's opportunity was unsur
passed but it was not improved. Much
of its surrounding sylvan beauty is
forever lost.
Baltimore takes pride in its Roland
park: Toledo, its Ottawa Hills: Wash
ington, D. C., its Chevy Chase; Oak
land and San Francisco, their Berk
ley hills. Practically all the progres
sive cities of the country have charm
ing suburban development.
When the national convention of
realty associates met in Pittsburg in
1914, one of the- main sources of en
tertainment was the drive through that
portion of Schendly park, having such
a wealth of magnificent homes, of
similar nature were the pleasure drives
around Los Angeles, at its convention
the year following.
Portland cannot now equal any of
the above. We have a grand view
from Council Crest. Even there fine
suburban development is lacking.
which might suggest, unfortunately
for us, to tourists and prospective in
vestors, a lack of appreciation by our
people of the esthetic, which is not
the case. Only, as yet, it has not found
its expression in systematic and con
crete development:
So far as I am aware no well directed
movement has been inaugurated by our
realty board . or by the chamber of
commerce for encouraging or quicken
ing such endeavor.
Portland can yet attain distinction
In this direction, should well-to-do
people make the effort and be given
public endorsement and encourage
ment by our progressive organizations.
Let perfected conditions be featured
In this direction. J. D. LEE. '
Misunderstanding.
lly tirace K. Hall.
Is growing,
I shall see
You're far away tonight, . my dearie,
dearie,
The sunshine has but mocked me all
the day;
I've strained my eyes 'til they are
weary, weary.
Longing to see you but pass by this
way:
Within my heart a pain
growing.
The truth insists that
and know,
That farther still you're ever going,
going
And O, I love you, dearie, love you so! ,
You're far away tonight, my dearie,
dearie.
My courage falters as you onward
stride;
The hours arebut an echo, dreary,
dreary,
Of whispers that I heard close by
your side;
Return and bid defiance ever, ever.
To powers that seem a-beckoning
you to go.
Assure me fate shall part us never.
never
For O, I love you, dearie, love you so!
my dearie,
of your
The world is very cold
dearie'.
Outside the sacred circle
arms;
My heart is yearning to be cheery.
cheery.
Safe locked against your breast from
all alarms;
The tears persist tonight in falling,
falling.
The breezes whimper of an unknown
woe.
Across the silence I am calling, call
ing
Come back to me, I love you, love
you so! .
Rights With First Papers.
BAKER. Or., Aug. 20. (To he Ed
itor.) Please state what rights and
privileges, if any, a person acquires
after having declared his or her in
tention to become a citizen of the
United States'- - ARTHUR JONES. .
The rights and privileges gained by
declaration of intention are of two
classes, those which are a matter of
law and those influenced by practice,
though not granted or restricted by
law. The right -to file on public land is
one of the chief illustrations of the for
mer class. In some states, although not
in Oregon since 1914, aliens possessing
"first papers" are permitted to vote.
In other states certain privileges, such
as hunting and fishing, are dependent
on citizenship or declaration of inten
tion to become a citizen. These are
matters of local legislation and vary In
different localities. It is becoming a
growing practice of employers, based
on public sentiment, to require that
employes shall have at least declared
their intention to become citizens of
the country in which thay make their
living.
Old H. C. L. Given a Wallop!
PORTLAND BASE OF PRODUCTION IN MARKET SUPPLIES.
An article of wide scope on food conditions occupies front page
place in the Magazine supplement in Sunday's Oregonian. The
writer says that the cornucopia of plenty lies in Portland and her
surrounding markets. Coupled "with justly famous scenic beauty
this city, it has been pointed out, has glut of markets of the
world. Few other cities have such cosmopolitan selection of fruits,
vegetables, game, meats and fish in their markets. Authorita
tively the article deals with foods that have not increased in cost
during the war period, and tells of foods easy to prepare and serve.
The article is informative and of timely interest now that food and
its possibilities and impossibilities seem to be the chief topic of
conversation.
MESSAGES FROM THE DEAD. Conan Doyle says that the spirit
body is an exact counterpart of the earthly one. The tremendous
psychic wave sweeping the world just now makes Mr. Doyle's
articles in the Sunday Oregonian on his beliefs in spiritualism well
worth while. In his article Sunday he submits his proofs of his
belief, describing the 6oul leaving the body at death and pictures
vividly and definitely soul life in another world.-
"IS LEPROSY CURABLE?" Leprosy, the terrible scourge that has
since Biblical days fastened a lingering death upon thousands and
thousands of men and women in various parts of the world, is now
combatible, now possible of cure. Dr. V. G. Heiser, former director
of sanitation in the Philippine islands, tells in tomorrow's Ore
gonian of new methods in checking leprosy. He says that lepers'
children, separated at birth from parents, are freely adopted. The
disease is not transmitted to children.
HAIR AS A GUIDE IN READING CHARACTER An authority tells
in an entertaining article how character may be read by one's
hair quite as quickly as by the face or the hands. Profusely illus
trated by photographs of various types of lovely women whose hair
is indicative of their character, the article is unusually interesting,
because it is novel in theme and treatment.
"ROMANCE NOT DEAD" Despite this age of mechanical achieve
ment, romance, success, prosperity and contentment flourish and
can be made to live in'the soul of the individual. In a splendid
article called "Look For the Thrill in Your Job," Dr. Charles P.
Steinmetz talks in philosophical mood on the poetry of industry.
"THE DARK STAR." The second installment of a capital dramatic
story from the pen of Robert W. Chambers will be given in the
. Sunday issue. It is written in the usual style of this popular
novelist whose works are widely read.
"MORE BESIDES." A whole page full of interesting and hitherto
unpublished news of the world as told by the camera.
"AMONG US MORTALS" depicts a page full of types we have all
met at the Sunday baseball games and are pictured in W. E. Hill's
inimitable manner.
There's a special automobile section in tomorrow's, which is replete
with new pictures and information of peculiar interest to motorists
and friends of motorists. News, entertainment, fiction, separate
editions of social news, the theater, the motion pictures, and "
sports, all offered in the name of entertainment and education.
I