Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, August 21, 1919, Page 2, Image 2

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TITE MORNING OREGONIAN, THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1919.
Vm HOLDS KEY
tr;
SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE, WHICH IS CONSIDERING THE PEACE TREATY,
AND BEFORE WHICH PRESIDENT WILSON APPEARED TO INTERPRET PROVI
SIONS OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS COVENANT.
. m DUTinpiTinm ;
Our Fall
iu nHiinuHiium
fliild Ressrvationists 'Can De-
Showin:
. liver Necessary Votes.
;
SENATOR HIMSELF MODEST
Prrsldrnt Said to Br Unreasonable
in Demands and Asking More of
Senate Than He Can Get.
t!
ORKGOX1AN NEWS BLTtEAL. Wash
incton. Aug. 10. That Senator SIcNary
of llrron holds the key to the situa
tion In connection with the ratification
of the Deura treaiy' was frequently
stated ioday In political circle. By
tiiia it u meant that by assenting to
the president's demands of yesterday
that any reservations must be embodied
in resolutions entirely separate from
the treaty Senator McNary, as leader
of the so-called mild reaervatlonists.
can deliver the votes necessary to rati
fy. Senator McNary, however, waj
juore modest, asserting that that was
hardly true.
it - 1 ... r-r, -.1 th. ih. Mrsrv irrniin
.... - .- .
were somewhat amaxed at the presi- .
t
tlent'a demand, and that they are not
v-illing to go so far. Their position
appears to be that the president Is
unreasonable and Is asking more than
he can get. They take the view that
the interpretations to the four articles
in the covenant which they have pro
nosed should be set forth in the resolu
tion of ratification, so that It shall be- J t
ccme an integral part of the treaty I
and that the president is asking too
jmn-h when he suggests that the reser
vations should not be a part of the
resolutions of ratification.
Specifications for the Improvement of
willapa harbor at Raymond, Wash,
ti&ve been about completed and tha ad- J
vertieetne.nl for bids will be Issued
about September 1 by tha board of
army engineers.
.
" i
- r tU - ill-- ' J r1
VMWA A J J.'. A, J t
? ir vi
' - V :
It
isJbuBesBa
Ift t rtKht arovntfl thm tabl aret Senatori George H. Moiri, New HampHtalrei Hiram W. Johnson, Calffornlai
Warm Ci. Hardin-, Oalof Albert B. Fall, New Mexico; Frank B. Brandegee. Connecticut) Porter J. Mc Comber,
North Dakota Henry Cabot I.odRe, Maanaehaaetta, chairman f Gilbert M. Hitchcock, Nebraska, Claude A. Swan
son, Vlrajlata, and Key Pittnaa, Nevada.
RESERVATIONS IN BILL
RESOLUTION" IS PREPARED BY
SENATOR PITTJIAX.
Mrs. W. C. Hawley. wife of Repre
sentative W. C. Hawley. haa been se
verely 111 for several daya from pto
maine poisoning, contracted from s
source unknown. Her condition was
alightly Improved today.
Tha army air service Indicated to
Representative Hawley today that an
trptane from the fire patrol service
in Oregon will be detailed to give ex
ruMtlons at the L.inn county fair at
B--io.
Measure Interprets Four of Main
Disputed Points in League of
Nations Covenant.
(Continued From First Pare.)
Louis I". Howard, marina corps, of
Silverton. Or., has been discharged from
the L". S. iv Wilmington at Hankow,
China. Representative Hawley was ad
vised today. Several petitions for the
map's discharges had been presented to
the navy department.
-
Senator Chamberlain leaves tomor
row for the middle west and will speak
at Monmouth. III., Friday at the In
stance or fruit juice manufacturers and
PEla growers In Oregon. J
Senator McNary will offer an amend
ment to the prohibition enforcement
t!4 tomorrow exempting sweet cider
from the definition of Intoxicating II
fiurs. The necessity for this provision
i.-..ihat sweet cider sometimes contains
fiont f:ve-s:xtlis of 1 per cent to 1 per
cent alcohoL
MIL RETURN ADVOCATED
PIBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
FAVORS PRIVATE CONTROL.
2nMructlon Sent Charles E. Elm
qulsl lo Represent Ore eon at
Conference In Washington.
UAI.EM. On Aug. 20. (Special.)
The Oregon public service commission
believes that the interests of the coun-
t ry at Urge, and particularly of the
west, will be best served by prompt
return ot the railroads to private
management, according to a telegram
ent by the commission late today to
harlea E. Elmquist. veneral solicitor
of the national association of railways
and utility commissions.
lr. KImquist has been asked to rep
resent the Oreajon commission at the
'conference to be held In Washington on
AuKUst Zi looking; toward congres
sional action returning the lines to
private control at the earliest pos
t-lMe minute. The telegram reads:
Thts commission is convinced that the In
forests of the country at lavrv and parti c
u.m nY of f h writ will t beat served bj
prompt return ot th .carriers to private
management, revervinir to proper state and
national authorities tha njjht to regulate
asJ rvvlcw ;i rates, services and practices.
Also that public Interest requires that con
cress avoid general rata disturbance, with
ru tant con fusion, by legaiums; present
tates, both state sod Inter-state, until such
:imi as the same are chanced by aDDro-
Triat procedures be Tor proper reruiatory
fHits wit a restrictions to prevent vieventh
hour moves advancing rates before return.
Radical legislation of any character would
liovitab.y i a u discrdr of such propor
Tions that It would Immeasurably affect In
dutr1es and thereby deprive them of Just
srnings and shippers of Just service. Neither
passenger, nor class, ncr commdlty rales
her ar fixed by law. Having confidence
is your abt.ity and integrity we authorize
.nd urge you lo represent us la these hear
ings. We should be gtad to hare a member of
commission present but t he distance is too
s rest and t he time too limited for us to
be of any practical Assistance. Please sup
p.y copies nf telegram to Oregon delegation.
BRITISH VESSEL BURNED
Stramrr Abanli Destroyed OH
Iakar. West Africa.
. LONDON". Aus;. 20. The British
tcanirr Ashanti has been destroyed by
, fire off Dakar. Vest Africa, accordinn
to a mesjage received by Lloyds.
The steamer Ashanti. :15J tons, left
NVw York for Kreeto-n and other
joints on the west roast of Africa on
Auii!t 1.
notica ot withdrawal from the league of
nations shall have been given by any
member of the league, as provided in
article 1. the government giving such
notice shall be the sole judge whether
all Its international obligations and all
lis obligations under the covenant
shall have been fulfilled at the time
of withdrawal.
'Second That the suggestions of the
council of the league of nations as to the
means of carrying into effect the obli
gations of article 10, the execution of
whtcn may require the use of military
or naval forces, or economic measures,
ran only be carried out through the
voluntary separate action of each of
the respective governments, members
of the league, and that the failure of
any such government to adopt the sug
gestions of the council of the league!
or to provide such military or naval
forcea or economical measures, shall
not constitute a aupral or legal viola
tion of the treaty.
"Third That all domestic and poli
tical questions relating to the internal
relations of the government, which Is
a member of the league, including im
migration, coastwise traffic, the tariff
and commerce, are solely within the
Jurisdiction of such government an
are, not by the covenant of the leagu
of nations submitted in any way eilhe
to arbitration or to the consideration
of the council or assembly of the
league of nations, or to the decision or
recommendation of any other power.
l ual Vote Required.
"If a dispute arises- between parties
with regard to a question other tha
those which are herein specifics!!
exempted as domestic questions and 1
is claimed by one of the parties tha
such question la a domestic and pollt
leal question, relating to its internal
affairs, then the council shall not con
sider or make recommendation
thereon, except upon the unanlmou
vote of the council, other than th
representatives of the disputants.
Fourth There shall not be sub
mitted to arbitration or inquiry by the
assembly of the council any question
which in the Judgment of the United
States depends upon or involves its
long-established policy, commonly
known aa the Monroe doctrine, and it
is preserved unaffected by any provi
slon of the said treaty.
Member of the McNary group of
republicans, though they had not aeen
the Pittman resolution, indicated they
would not accept any plan which tel.
short of including the reservations in
the ratification itself.
At Senator Pittman a request, the
resolution was tabled.
6 B EU AN 3
Hot water
Sure Relief
ELL-ANS
FOR INDIGESTION
Lf-TA H LETS- t&
IffiM
WASHINGTON. Aug. 20. China re-
card .4 American acceptance of the
Shantung provision of the peace treaty
as a "deviation from the American
policy of friendly co-operation" toward
the Chinese government, the senate
foreign relatione committee was told
today by John C. Ferguson, an Amerl
can. and an official adviser to the
Chinese peace delegation.
Expert A4vtee Tikes.
While not speaking officially for the
Chinese government. Dr. Ferguson said
he baeed his etaterhent on an inti
mate knowledge of .Chinese official
opinion. Chinese action in the peace
conference, he said, was based on the
unanimous advice of some of the ablest
International lawyers of France, Rus
sia. Belgium and Holland, who agreed
that the Chinese declaration of war
nullified the 1915 treaty by which
China agreed not to take exception to
any eettiement Japan might make with
Germany regarding the German pos
sessions in Shantung.
PARIS. Aug. 17. (By the Associated
Press.) A mandate declaring war with
Germany at an end will not be Issued
until the treaty with Austria is signed,
it is announced. In the meantime the
government is considering what meas
ures will be taken when the mandata is
Issued, such as whether Germans will
continue to enjoy the right of extra'
territoriality.
The government, it is declared. Is still
determined not to sign the barman
treaty. No decision haa yet been reached
as to the Chinese attitude toward pro
posals for mediation regarding the
sityjlng of the German treaty. The gov
ernment. It ia added. Is determined not
to negotiate with Japanese concerning
the peace treaty.
TROOPS 0NH0T TRAIL
1 (Continued From First Page.)
not believed to be inspired by the local
Mexican situation, the commander un
doubtedly will go over the entire situa
tion developing from the capture and
ransom of the American aviators with
Colonel Langhorne. district commander
It is not known whether General Dick
m, will co to the border while here.
Renorta from Rresldio. Tex., told
of movements ' of Mexican federal
cavalry under General Pruneda today.
General Pruneda left Ojfnaga last
night toward Cuchlllo Parado, 40 mils
up tha Conchos river.
The Mexican authorities were In
formed early yesterday that the missing
aviators had returned to the Ameri
can border.
The American troops have progressed
so far into the interior of Mexico, it
was learned tonight, that it has been
found impracticable to get forage and
heavy materials over the trails. Today
the cavalry obtained feed for the
horses from natives, paying cash for
all purchases.
Long wagon trains are plying be
tween the quartermaster depot here
and the field base on 'the Rio Grande,
carrying rations and supplies for the
troops of the punitive expedition.
The soldiers are spending their
second night under Mexican skies
under more favorable conditions than
laat night. There has been no rain
since yesterday and the ground dries
rapidly in the Mexican desert country.
MEXICO CITY, Aug. 20. The exe
cutive committee of the Federation of
Syndicate Workers of the federal dls.
trict has issued a manifesto to its
members saying the committee Is dis
posed to aid the government in the
present crisis and asking President
Carransa to bend all efforta to secure
the co-operation of all. the Mexican
people.
COLUMBUS, Ohio Aug. 20. Sixty.
two more tanks recently were shipped
from the army reserve depot here to
forta on or near the Mexican border
it was learned tcday.
One Hundred Tanks oa Scene.'
During the last week 100 of the one
man whippet type fighting machines
were shipped to the border. Three
thousand rifles also have been ehippe
to border points within the last few
days. Army officers at the depot re
fuse to comment on the significance
of the shipments.
BRITISH ATTACK DISGUSTS
ISHII PEELS OPTIMISTIC
AMERICA AND JAPAX JfOT AT
OUTS, SAYS AMBASSADOR.
"Thinking People of United States"
Reported as Satisfied With
Far Eastern Situation.
BATTLE IX BALTIC TERMED
BREACH OP PROMISE.
London Dally Xews Sees in IVith
dran al of Land Forces in Russia
Feint for Sea Invasion.
Pub.
(Copyright bj the New York World.
Hahed br irranm,ni l
LONDON. Aug. 20. (Special Cabled
in an editorial on the naval battle In
the Baltic the Dally News, while ad
mittlng that it was a decisive British
victory and a brilliant performance, if
ine Hague reports of the forces en
glided are correct, proceeds':
'But when one turns from the cour
aire and skill of the sailors to the
forces -which are employing them, and
tne ends for which they are employed.
it is difficult to feel anything but dis
trust, it appears to be certain that the
alleged withdrawal of our land forces
in Russia has been converted Into i
mere cover for attack udou tha Bol
sheviki by sea.
V nether a very carefully concerted
attack upon Petrograd, which seems in
prospect, will succeed this time, we
canrot, of course, say. What we can
say is that, assuming it o be what it
wc, ii id Bcanudioua Dreacn
oi the-spirit of the agreement that nt.
acKs upon Russia were to cease, as
Mr. Churchill was understood to have
committed himself."
THIRD WIFE TAKEN AT 56
Sutherlin Stockman Weds Miss Alice
Filler, Aged 20.
ROSEBURG, Or.. Aug. 20. (Special.)
C. J. Manning.-aged 66, a well-known
stockman and rancher of the Sutherlin
valley., was today Issued a license by
County Clerk Lenox to wed Miss Alice
Filley, aged 20, a resident of Sutherlin.
The difference in the ages of the
contracting parties Is not the only
notewortny leature or the incident,
but the fact that this Is tha third
matrimonial venture of the bride
groom gives the occasion more than
passing interest.
Bend Buying Army Food.
BEND, Or, Aug. 20. (Special.) Al
though only slight interest was shown
yesterday in the purchase of surplus
rmy foodstuffs being distributed
through the Bend postoffice, orders
came in rapidly today, and W. K. Hud
son, postmaster, reported tonlsht thct
large proportion of the supplies al
lotted to his office bad been ordered.
O.
Hoff Signs Highway Bonds.
SALEM. Or, Aug. 20. (Special.)
P. Hoff. state treasurer, today
igned $1,000,000 worth of state high
way bonds' sold to Carstens & Karle.
The bonds are awaiting the signature
f Governor Olcott before they will be
come negotiable and ready to turn over
to the purchasers.
S. tt H. green stamps for cash.
Holman Fuel . Co., Main 3o3. A 3353.
Blockwood. short slabwood. Rock
Springs and Utah' coal; sawdust. Adv.
TOKIO, July 17. (Correspondence of
the Associated Press.) In an inter,
view on arriving here, Viscount Iehii,
Japanese ambassador to Washington,
said that he held an entirely optimistic
view in regard to the relations between
the united States and Japan. 'He said
there was no collision of vital interests
between the two countries on any
problems, although occasionally propa
gandists may talk about a Japtinese
American war, which may lead some
people to believe that the relations
between the two nations are badly
atrained.
He believed that America's vital In
terests are mainly in the European and
Latin-American markets and not in the
oriental market. He thought that the
United States is contented with the
strict observance by the powers of the
open-door and equal-opportunity prin
ciple In China and has never dreamed
of an economic- monopolisation of th
Chinese market. To his mind, Ameri
ca's aafety in the far east lies in her
developing China industrially and com
mercially hand-in-hand, with Japan, as
wea as with the other powers.
Continuing, Viscount Ishil is quoted
as saying that the "thinking people of
the United States feel quite safe and
satisfied with the present situation In
the far east." He believed that the
American government and the peopl
in general are confident that Japan
win not destroy tne principle of open
door and equal-opportunity at the ex
penee or tne united States. He ap
proved the American proposition for
the financial consortium for China.
The ambassador declined to make.
any statement concerning his reported
misunderstanding with Secretary of
State Lansing over the proposal to ap
point: uaron baKatanl financial adviser
to the Chinese government.
GERMANS EXPRESS THANKS
American Treatment of Prisoners of
War Arouses Gratitude.
BERLIN, Aug. 20. (By the Asso
elated Press.) America has won the
deep gratitude of Germany for her
treatment of prisoners of war and her
labors In their behalf in Siberia, de
clared Daniel Steucklen, imperial com
missioner for war and civilian prison
ers, today at a meeting of majority
socialists protesting against the fur
ther retention of German prisoners in
rance.
The meeting was the first move bv
the socialists in the plan to bring
women forward as an influence for
the return of prisoners. It being felt
that they can arouse more svmDathv
than men.
MILLIONS F0R EX-KAISER
Bill Submitted to Prussian Cabinet
Would Reimburse Fugitive.
BERLIN, Tuesday. Aug19. (Bv th
Associated Press.) A bill has been
submitted to the Prussian cabinet
which provides that 170.000,000 marks
shall be given to former Emperor Wil
liam as total settlement for the civil
ist ne lost through "forced abdica.
ion," according to a Weimer disnatch
in the Freiheit.
The cabinet has not reached a deci
sion. It is said, because the scheme is
opposed by Herr von Braum, minister
of agriculture.
SERIES B CLOSES-AUG. 21
Subscription to Treasury Certificates
Fixed at 9500,000,000.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 20. Sub
scriptions to Series B, treasury certifi
cates of indebtedness, dated August 15
and maturing January 15, 1920, will
end at the close of business Thursday,
August 21, according . to a message
from R. C. Leffinwell. assistant secre
tary of the United States treasury, re
ceived here yesterday . by Governor
Calkins of the San Francisco federals
reserve bank.
The issue is for $500,000,000 at i per
cent.
of suits for men anci young
men will appeal to you
strongly.
Smartly styled garments in
double and single breasted
belters, snug fitting, full
skirted English models, and
neatly tailored styles on more
conservative lines.
You will find the fabrics
sound in texture, all wool and
of proven strength to insure
service.
Sizes for every build-Priced
as' low as good quality will
permit.
Feel at liberty to come in
and see these new clothes.
to
J . ft!..'!
,... 28? rJ
$25
$75
MEN'S WEAR
Corbett Building
FIFTH AND MORRISON
Interwoven
Hose
Our men's furnish
ing department has
added a new and com
plete stock of the cele
brated Interwoven
Hose. Now is a good
time to supply your
Fall needs.
Priced
40c to $2.50
E
PEKIX OFFICIAL REPORT, SAYS
MIKADO'S ME3f ATTACKED.
Version of Clash at Chang-Chun, in
Manchuria, Widely at Variance
With Those From Tokio.
PEKIN. Auer. 17. (By the Associated
Press.) The orncial report of the Chi
nese government regarding the clash
between Japanese and Chinese soldiers
on July 19 at Chang-Chun. Manchuria,
it is said in government circles, indi
cates that the Japanese provoked the
trouble. The Chinese claim that the
fact that the Japanese soldiers forced
an entry into the Chinese military en
campment shows they were the aggres
sors. '
The Chinese report says 18 Japanese
were killed and 1 wounoeo ana i
Chinese killed and 14 wounded. One
hundred Chinese soldiers are missing,
but it is believed many of them fled
and fear to return.
The Japanese embassy at washing-
ton announced that the Chinese gov
ernment as a result of the incident at
Chang-Chun had dismissed from office
three leaders of the Chinese soldiers
and had reprimanded the governor
general of Kiriir province. The state
ment says the clash was provoked by
the Chinese who fired upon the Japa
nese. Nineteen Japanese were killed
nd 17 wounded seriously.
Greek Orphanuges to Be Aided.
SALONIKI, Aug. 20. The American
Red Cross has sent a commission to
visit a number of Greek orphanages
with a view to helping them. The com
mission already has inspected the in
stitutions at Saloniki, Cavalla. Seres,
Drama and Pravishta, where there are
housed many orphans whose parents
were killed or died during the Bul
garian invasion of Macedonia.
HEAD OF. BEUTER'S DEAD
Mark Francis Xapier of Xews Ser
vice Was Son of Baron.
LONDON". Tuesday, Aug. 19. Mark
Francis Napier, president of Reuter's
Telegram company, died at Inverness
today ot heart failure.
Mark Francis Napier was bom Janu-
rv 21, 1S52, being: the son of the tenth
Baron Napier and Etterick. From 1892
1S95 he was a member of parlia-1
ment for Roxburgh. j
Doctor Tells How to
Strengthen Eyesight
By the
Bon-Opto,
says Dr.
Lewis, I
have seen
eyesight
50
in a week s
time in
many instances, and quick relief
brought to inflamed, aching, itching,
burning, work-strained, watery eyes.
Read the doctor's full statement soon
to appear in this paper. Bon-Opto is
sold and recommended everywhere by
Druggists. ote
Pi
GILBERT SAYS:
I have an economy
intern that ia not
excelled, on the
Pacific Coast.
Is a $400.00 Piano a Cheap
One?
USUALLY
At my store there are the
very highest grade used
pianos for $300.00 and the
best artistic new pianos
for $550.00.
WHY TAKE A CHANCE
and deal. elsewhere?
T S5
t 5
HAROLDS-GILBERT
fi V. 1 Deep-Carve Lcatra ..
18 Arellette ff
w . Trdtmrlc Hrcltrrr1 . 3
lm'IAN0S III
The Portland owned and
personally managed
music store
i
151
t. j. - t f. V t it" -n ui 1 1
WATGH
THE BIG 4
Stomach-Kidneys-Heart-Liver
Keep the vital organs healthy by
regularly taking the world's stand
ard remedy for kidney, liver,
bladder and uric acid troubles
COLD MEDAL
Tha National Remedy of Holland tot
centuries and endorsed by Queen Wilhel
mina. At all druggists, three aizea.
for the name Gold MedaJ oa orery bex
aad accevt aw imitetiea
A WOMAN'S TESTIMONY
Mrs. Kttle Warren, a farmer's wife
of EmmiteburK, Md., openly declares
how she has found health through read
ing" a newspaper advertisement of
Lydia E. Flnkham's Vegetable Com
pound. So great Is her relief after fif
teen years of suffering; that she asks to
have this information published. Adv.
( THE SIGN OF
PERFECT SERVICE
Vv Thoroughly up erlenced
A Optometrists for the exaraina
ft tlon and adjustments, skilled
J workmen to construct the
lenses a concentrated un.
Ice that guarantees depend,
able classes at reasonable
prices.
Complete Ieaa Crledfns
Factory en the Premlsei
& , : .
VV I SAVE YOUR EYES
I THOMPSON
9
OPTICAL INSTITUTE
EYESIGHT SPECIALISTS
Portland's Lara-eat. Moat Mnd.
era. Beat Equipped, Exclusive
Optical Katabllstuneat.
SOa-10-11 CORBETT BMXi.
FIFTH AND IIORUISU.1,
Since 1010. A
W W Ct CS5 jdi
9
DANCING
Guaranteed
In eight lesson8-ladies
$2.50, gentlemen $5.00
at DeHoney's Beautiful
Academy, 23d and Wash
ington. New summer
c 1 a s s es start Monday,
Tuesday and Thursday
evenings 8 to 11:80.
Plenty of desirable part
ners and practice. No
embarrassment. Private
lessons all hours. Learn
from prof es slon at
dancers, eecure your
tickets at these low
m a. Mt.i nerore oncca auveuwv
Tickets are good until used.
tali. OPENING DANCING PARTY
Saturday evening, August 30. Dancing
parties every Wednesday and Saturday
evenings. Best music. Popular prices.
Mr. DeHoney will give exhib tions in
beautiful Spanish and classical dances.
Don't miss this opening party. Phone
Main 7656. Tell your friends. .
GOITRE
Pay When
Cured
I iiava an honest.' certain cure
ffr Goitre (thick .neck). It
checks the growth at once, re
duces the enlargement, elope
oain and diatrese and aurea in
i little while. Fay when cured.
Tell i your irlenas aoout mis.
write tor run p.rutmr
DR. HOI K. BOX Til V.. Ml
waukee. W is.
I)
Rresldio, Tex.,