Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, August 20, 1919, Page 5, Image 5

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    THE MORNING OREGONIAX, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 20, 1919.
PRESIDENT PLEADS
FOR PACT Ofl LEAGUEi
Senators Hold Conference at
White House.
FULL REPORT IS TAKEN
PRESIDENT SAYS CHANGE IN
LEAGUE PACT MEANS DELAY
American Ideals and Ideas Held Safe in Covenant as it Stands; Monroe
Doctrine and Domestic Questions Not Affected; Panger in Reservations.
T X T ASHING TON.
AUK. 19. Prcsl- . resulting nrnviftinn nf th covenant in
dent Wilson began his confer-I the minds of those who participated in
ence with the senat
Wilson Tells Committee He Thinks
Japan Will Get Out of
Shantung.
Continued From Paice 4.)
the part of any member of the league.
what avails articles 10 and 117"
The president: "Why. senator. It Is
surprising that that question should
be asHed. If we undertake an obi lira
tion me are bound in the most solemn
way to carry It out."
Senator Harding: "Suppose some
thing arises affecting the peace of the
world, every nation in the league takes
advantage of the construction of the
league you place upon these articles
and says. 'Weil, this is only a moral
obligation, and we assume that the
nation involved does not deserve our
participation or protection.' and th
whole thing amounts to nothing but
an expression of the league council."
The president: "when I speak of a
legal obligation. I mean one that spe
ciftcally binds you to do a particular
thing under certain sanctions. That
la a legal obligation. Now. a moral
obligation Is. of course, superior to
legal obligation, and it 1 may say so,
has a greater binding force."
Arntr Activities Likely,
The president thought a moral obli
gation, because of the element of judg
ment. less likely to involve the country
In armed participation In trifling mat
ters.
The senators got into a discussion
over whether congress would decide
what course the United States would
take. Senator Hitchcock suggesting
that after -the American representatives
on the council had concurred In the
council's recommendation "It would
then be up to congress to decide.'
The president: "You are right. The
men who were discussing ' these very
Important matters were all the time
aware that it would depend upon the
approving or disapproving state of
opinion of their countries how their
representatives In the council would
vote in matters of this sort."
Replying to Senator Borah, the presi
dent said the defensive treaty with
Vranc rested on the same basis as
articles 10 and 11 moral obligations.
Senator Plttman suggested that even
If the council unanimously advised it
was still "up to congress either to ac
cept or reject that advice"."
To this the president gave his assent.
Senator Johnson, reverting to the
example of aggression on Italy, asked
whether "that compelling moral obli
gation would require us to use such
means as -would seem appropriate,
eithrr economic or moral."
Merret Treat leu t Be Keeonalderrd.
Senator Borah asked if Great Britain
and France insisted upon maintaining
at the peace conference the secret
treaties with Japan regarding Shan
tung.
The president: "I ill put it this
way: They felt that they were bound
by them. But when they involved gen
ral interests, such as they realised
were Involved, they were quite willing.
and Indeed. I think, desirous, that they
should be reconsidered with the con
sent, so far as they were concerned, of
the other parties."
'Senator Moses aked whether a
cret agreement with reference to Av
ion was pressed at Versailles. The
president replied that he had heard of
It. but never had seen it.
Senator Moses: "The purpose of my
Inquiry was to ascertain whether there
was laid before the council of ten any
textual agreement which transferred
parts of the territory of Independent
nations to another."
The president: "Only those that you
have spoken of."
Senator Moses: "Shantung and A v
lonaT" The president: "Only those that we
have had under general discussion. I
e foreign re
lations committee at the White House
today with an opening statement on
the peace treaty and the league of na
tlons. He said:
"Mr. Chairman: I am sincerely glad
that the committee should have re
sponded In this way to my Intimation
that I would like to be of service to
it. I welcome the opportunity for
frank and full Interchange of views.
"I hope, too, that this conference
will serve to expedite your considera
tion of the treaty of peace. I beg that
you will pardon and Indulge me If 1
again urge that practically the whole
task of bringing the country back to
drafting them, and I respectfully sub
mit that there is nothing vague or
doubtful in their wording.
"The Monroe doctrine Is expressly
mentioned as an understanding which
is in no way to be impaired or Inter
fered, with by anything contained in
the covenant and the expression 're
gional understandings like the Mon
roe doctrine' was used, not because any
one of the conferees thought there was
any comparable agreement anywhere
else in existence or in contemplation,
but only because it was thought best
to avoid the appearance of dealing in
such a doctrine with the policy of a
single nation. Absolutely nothing is
normal conditions of life and industry concealed in the phrase.
waits upon decision of the senate with
regard to the terms of the peace.
Peril In Postponement.
T venture thus again to urge my
advice that the action of the senate
with regard to the treaty be taken at
the earliest practicable moment be
cause the problems with which we are
face to face In the readjustment of our
national life are of the most pressing
and critical character, requiring for
their proper solution the most intimate
ind disinterested co-operation of all
parties and all interests, and cannot
be postponed without manifest peril to
our people and to all the national ad
vantages we hold most dear. May 1
mention a few of the matters which
cannot be handled with Intelligence
Domestic I ties Eliminated.
'With regard to domestic questions.
article XVI of the covenant expressly
provides that, if In case jof any dis
pute arising between members of the
league the matter involved is claimed
by one of the parties 'and is found by
the council to arise out of a matter
which by international law is solely
within the domestic jurisdiction of
that party, the council shall so report.
and shall make no recommendations as
to its settlement. The United States
was by no means the only government
interested in the explicit adoption of
this provision, and there is no doubt
In the mind of any authoritative stu
dent of international law that such
matters as Immigration, tariffs, and
until the country knows the character naturalization are incontestably domes
tic questions with which no interna
tional body could deal without express
authority to do so. No enumeration of
domestic questions was undertaken be
cause to, undertake It even by sample,
would have involved the danger of
seeming to- exclude those to be men
tioned. "The right of any sovereign state to
withdraw had been taken for granted,
but no objection was made to making
It explicit. Indeed, so soon as the views
expressed at the white house confer
ence were laid before the commission
it was at once conceded it was not
best to leave the answer to so. lm
portant a question to Inference. No
proposal was made to set up any trib
unal to pass judgment upon the ques
tion whether a withdrawing nation
had had in fact fulfilled 'all its inter
national obligations and all its obliga
tions under the covenant.
Qaeatlon Left to Conscience.
Tt was recognized that that ques
tion must be left to be resolved by
tne conscience of the nation proposing
to withdraw, and I must sav that it
did not seem to me worth while to pro
pose that article be made more ex
plicit because I knew that the United
States would never itself propose to
withdraw from the league if its con
science was not entirely clear as to
the fulfillment of all Its international
obligations. It has never failed to
fulfill them and never will.
Acticle X Is In no respect of doubt
ful meaning when read in the light of
the covenant as a whole. The council
of the lesgue can- only 'advise uoon
the means by which the obligations of
that great article are to be .riven ef-
stored to their former uses, great rn,"H .7 unuea flales 18 a
stores of machine tools, and all sorts party to the Policv or actio n ques-
of merchandise- which must If .rfl t,on her own affirr ative vote In the
of the peace it is to have? I do so only
by a very few samples.
"The copper mines of Montana and
Alaska, for example, are being kept
open and In operation only at a great
cost and loss, in part upon borrowed
money; the zinc mines of Missouri.
Tennessee and Wisconsin are being
operated at about one half their
capacity. The lead of Idaho. Illinois
and Missouri reaches only a portion .of
its former market; there Is an im
mediate need for cotton belting, and
also for lubricating oil which cannot
be met all because the channels of
trade are barred by war when there
Is no war.
Cotton j It nation Similar.
"The same is true of raw cotton, of
which the central empires alone for
merly purchased nearly four million
bales. And these are only examples.
There is hardly a single raw material.
single important foodstuff, or
single class of manufactured goods
which Is not in the same case. Our
full. normal profitable production
waits on peace.
"Our military plans of course wait
upon it. W e cannot Intelligently or
wisely decide how large a naval or
military force we shall maintain or
what our policy with regard to mili
tary training is to be until we have
peace not only, but also until we know
how peace is to be sustained, whether
by the arms of single nations or by the
concert of all the great peoples. And
there Is more than that difficulty in
voived. The vast surplus properties
of the army include not food and cloth
ing merely whose sale will affect nor
mal production, but great manufactur
ing establishments which should be re
until peace and military policy are
definitely determined. By the same
token there can be no properly studied
national budget until then.
AdTantaa: For Other Nations.
"The nations that ratify the treaty.
such as Ureat Britain. Belgium and
r ranee, will be in a position to lay
their plans for controlling the markets
of Central Europe without competi
tion from us. If we do not presently
act. We have no consular agents, no
trade representatives there to look
after our interests.
"There are large areas of Europe
whose future will lie uncertain and
questionable until their people know
council is necessary before any advice
can be given, for a unanimous vote of
the council is required. If she is a
party, the trouble is hers anyhow. And
the unanimous vote of the council is
only advice in any case. Each govern
ment is free to reject It if it pleases.
Obligation Moral, Not Legal.
'Nothing could have been made more
clear to the conference than the -right
6f our congress under our constitution
to exercise its independent judgment
In all matters of peace and war. No
attempt was made to question or limit
that right. The United States will,
indeed, undertake under article X to
'respect and preserve as against exter-
u. v itnout determinate markets our
production cannot proceed with In
telligence or confidence. There can be
no stabilization of wages because there
can be no settled conditions of em
ployment. There can be no easy nor
normal industrial credits because there
can be no confident or permanent re
vival of business.
But I will not weary you with
cannot enumerate them. But there are obvious examples. I will only venture
none that have not been produced so I to repeat that every element of normal
far as 1 know. That answers the ques-1 life amongst us depends upon and
Hon " awaits the ratification of the treaty
Retnrn mt Mmntang Ilnen ed. of peace and also that we cannot aford
Senator Swanson: "Would It be o lose a single summer's day by not
proper to tell us of your understanding doing all that we can to mitigate the
with Japan a to the return of Shan- winter's suffering, which unless we
tung. a question which h been very
much dicu5ed
The president: "I have published
the word in- of the understanding,
senator." 4 Here the president repeat
ed It.)
To a query as to what sovereignty
Japan retained In Shantung, the presi
dent replied:
"Sbe has not retained sovereignty
over anything. I mean she has prom-
Lied pot to Senator Borah has asked
whether this understanding was ora
or otherwise. This n as technically
oral, but literally written and formu
lated and tl e formulation agreed upon."
Senator Johnson: "When, Mr. Presi
dent. Is the return tote made"
The president: "That was left un
decided, but we were assured at the
time that It would be as soon ai pos
sible." Senator Johnson: "Did not the Japa
nese decline to fix any date?"
The president: "They did at the time,
but I think it Is fair to them to say
they could not at that time say when
It would be.
Senator Johnson asked whether the
economic privileges retained would not
give Japan "a fair mastery" over the
province.
The president replied that while he ;
did not fcl qualified to judge, he would
final settlements of peace and the forces I "ai aggression the territorial integrity)
which are to administer and sustain ana existing political Independence of
all members of the league and that
engagement constitutes a very grave
and solemn moral obligation. But it
moral, not a legal obligation, and
leaves our congress absolutely free to
put Its own interpretation upon it in
all cases that call for action. It is
binding In conscience only, not in law.
"Article X seems to me to constitute
the very backbone of the whole cove
nant. Without it the league would
be hardly more than an influential de
bating society.
Generate Interpretation Favored.
"It has several times been suggested
in public debate and in private con
ference that interpretations of the
sense in which the United States ac
cepts the arguments of the covenant
should be embodied in the instrument
of ratification. There can be no rea
sonable objection to such interpreta
tions accompanying the act of ratifica
tion provided they do not form a part
of the formal ratification ituhi t M nut
"Nothing. I am led to believe, stands Qf the Interpretations which haVe been
tne i ue ratification oi tne suggested to me embody what seems
China at least would have the moral
, aasi3Miii.O Ul Llie pOWCTS IOT prUlCCUUIl
of her rights.
The president: "I conceive one of
f the chief benefits of the whole ar
t rangement that centers in the league
of nations to be .just what you have
indicated that it brings to bear the
j opinions of the world and the control-
ling action of the world on all rela
. tionships of that hazardous sort, par
ticularly those relationships .which in
volve the rights of the weaker nations.
After ail, the wars that are likely to
come are most likely to come by ag
gression against the weaker nations.
Without the league of nations they
have no buttress or protection. With
it they have the united protection of
the world, and inasmuch as it is the
universal opinion that the great
tragedy through which we have just
passed never would have occurred if
the central powers had dreamed that
a number of nations would be com
bined against them, so 1 have the i
utmost confidence that this notice be- i
forehand that the strong nations of the
world will in every case be united
will make was extremely unlikely.1
Senator Moses asked if the copies
or tne proces verbal were among the
private papers of the council of four.
The president: "I would not call
them private papers. I have a copy,
Senator. I regard them as a public
trust, not private papers, and I can
assure you that they will not be de
stroyed.
The president added that he would
feel It his duty "to leave those papers
where they could be made accessible"
at any future time.
Council Would Consider Shantung.
In reply to another question the
president said he had no doubt that
should China make complaint to the
league council about Shantung the
council would consider her claim
promptly.
In reply to questions by Senator
Johnson the president said the United
States was not cognizant of secret
treaties when it entered the war. So
far as he knew, no secret agreements
were made among the allies after the
United States entered the war.
senator jonnson: "When our govern
ment, through you, Mr. President, in
January, 1918. made the 14 points as
tne oasis lor peace, were these points
maae with the knowledge of the ex
1st ence or the secret agreements?"
The president: "No. oh, no."
Senator Johnson: "It was not Intended
then by the expression of those 14
points to supplant the aims contained
in the secret treaties."
The president: "Since I knew noth
Ing of them, necessarily not."
senator Johnson: "Did China enter
the war upon the advice of the United
States?"
Entry Followed I. S. Adv4cc,
The president: "I cannot tell. We
advised her to enter and she soon after
did.
Senator Johnson asked whether the
United States had promised China to
protect her interests at the peace con
ference.
The president: "We made no promise,
She knew that we would do as well as
we could.
Senator Johnson: "You did make the
attempt to do it, too. did you not?"
The president: "Oh, indeed I did,
very seriously."
Senator Johnson: "And the decision
ultimately reached at the peace con
ference was a disappointment to your
The president: "I may frankly say
that it was.
Equality Claim Not Pressed.
The president referred to the fact
that the Japanese had presented a res
olution for racial equality, "but rather
as an expression of opinion or hope,
and it was not pressed for action.
Senator Johnson: "May I ask, if per
missible, how the- representatives of
the United States voted on that par
ticular proposition?"
The president: "I think it Is very
natural you should ask that. I am
not sure that I am at liberty to an
swer, because that touches the intimacy
of a great many controversies that
accurred in that conference and I think
it is best, in the interest of good inter
national understanding, that I should
not answer."
When a question was raised as to
why the policy of the United States to
fix a definite sum for reparation in the
peace treaty was not adopted, the
president replied:
Answer Not Chen.
"It was not an explanation discredit
able for anybody, but it is an interna
tional secret," and he suggested that
the answer be left out of the record.
If you want to know
what smartly-dressed men
are going to wear,
this season,
ask BEN SELLING
MILK SOLD HT 10 CENTS
WAR OS PROFITEERS AT STOCK-
TOX CAUES REDUCTIONS.
ward copies of the resolution to sena
tors and representatives In congress.
Buttter-Sorinfr Contest Postponed.
OREGON AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE,
Corvallis, Aug. 19. (Special.) The
August educational butter scoring con
test for Oregon - creameries has been
postponed to September 1. says Profes
son V. D. Chappell, in charge. He re
minds the buttermakers that the next
contest will be scored at the state
fair. Entries must be shipped by Sep
tember 1.
Distributors Break Away From Pro-
ducers' Association and Buy
Direct From Dairymen,
STOCKTON, Cai., Aug. 19. A milk
war has broken out in Stockton. Fol-1
lowing the- campaign being made
against the milk profiteers by the
newspapers, several big distributors
have broken away from the milk pro
ducers' association and are buying di- I
rect from the dairymen. The result is I
that milk is being sold In Stockton to
day at 12 cents a quart by the larger
distributors and as low as 10 cents
quart by some of the smaller firms.
K. Sulberg, manager of the Stockton
Dairy company, today said that he had I
decided that the price of 41 cents a gal
lon asked by the association was holdup I
and he bought outside. He is now I
paying, he says, 24 and 25 cents a gal
lon for the best grade of milk and both I
he and the farmers are making money. I
Milk is now being sold for 12 cents ai
quart and 7 cents a pint by Sulberg,
while some of the distributors are sell
ing for 6 cents a pint and 10 cents a I
quart. The old price of 14 cents is not
prevailing anywhere in Stockton and I
the law of supply and demand is op
erating freely.
II
II
1
STARTS SATURDAY
FREE Matinee-Women Only
10 A..M. SATURDAY
The First 800 Women at the Doors Saturday,
10 A. M, Star Theater, Admitted Free.
0!
IZJ
.j 0
Ifl
c 1
if
MOTH SPRAY DUE AUGUST 20
A. C. Entomologist Recommends I
Protection for Fruit.
ORKGON AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE.
Corvallis. Aug. 19. (Special.) The last
codling moth spray, which will deter- I
mine the extent of wormy apples from
the September sting, is due August I
20-25 in the Willamette valley and
similar locations, says A. L. Lovett,
college station entomologist. Poor
control last year resulted in worm in
jury to 80 per cent of the fruit. Lit
tle injury has occurred so far.
fcarly pears probably need no spray,
says Professor Lovett, but for late
varieties not now covered or that must I
remain on the trees well into Septem
ber the spray will prove good insur
ance. Lead arsenate powder, i or 3
After discussion the answer was not I pounds, is used to 100 gallons of water.
3 raJV
4
5s A
Ljf ' V
i
f 19
?l1 E.
i1
v
una means to prevent it. may prove
disastrous to a large portion of the
world, and may. at Its worst, bring
upon r.urope conditions even more ter
rible than those wrought by the war
Itself.
Doafcta .ot 1'adersf ood.
in
treaty except certain douhts m-ith
gard to the meaning and implication
of certain articles of the covenant of
the league of nations, and 1 must
frankly say that I am unable to under
stand why such doubts should be entertained-
You will recall that when
I had the pleasure of a conference with
your committee and with the com
mlttee of the house of representatives
on foreign afairs at the White House
In March last, the questions now most
frequently asked about the league of
nations were all canvassed, with a
to me the plain meaning of the in-
stument Itself. But If such Intrenre-
tations should constitute a part of the
formal resolution of ratification long
delays would be tne inevitable con
sequence inasmuch as all the many
governments concerned would have to
accept, in effect, the language of the
senate as the language of the treaty
before ratification would be complete.
The assent of the German assembly at
Weimar would have to be obtained
among the rest, and I must frankly
say mat i couia only witn the greatest
view to their immediate-clarification. I reluctance approach that assembly for
permission to read the treaty as we
understand It and as those who framed
It quite certainly understood it.
Otkera. Too, Could Qualify.
"If the United States were to qualify
the document in any way, moreover.
I am confident from what I know of
the many conferences and debates
which accompanied the formulation of
the treaty that our example would be
many quarters.
in some instances with very serious
reservations, and that the meaning and
The covenant of the league was then
In its draft subject to revision. It vat
pointed out that no express recogni
tion was given to the Monroe doctrine:
that it was not specifically decided
that the league should havi no au
thority to act or to express a Judg
ment on matters of domestic policy,
that the right to withdraw from the
league was not expressly recognized
given at all.
Senator Johnson again brought up
the Shantung settlement, asking:
"Did Japan decline to sign the award
as made or provided in the peace
treaty?"
The president: "Her representatives
informed us. Senator, that they were
Instructed not to sign in that event."
Senator Johnson: "Was the decision
reached because Japan declined to sign
unless that decision was reached in
that way?"
The president:
would be
question.
Twice as much of the paste is recom
mended for this spray.
VANCOUVER HITS HOARDERS
GO
Council Asks Xorthwest Cities to
Join Petition to Congress.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Aug. 19. (Spe
clal.) Hoarders of food came under
the fire of the city council at its meet-
Xo. I do not think it ing last night when a resolution was
true to say yes to that adopted calling upon tne cities or tne
It was reached because we I northwest to join in petitioning con-
thought it was the best that could be gress to adopt measures to release the
got. in view of the definite engage- present store of food supplies held by
IT
ments of Great Britain and France,
and the necessity of a unanimous de
cision, which we hold to be necessary
in every case we have decided.
speculators.
The city clerk was Instructed to for-
GIRL, 8, IS HIT Br AUTO
LEO LA WILSOX IS PERHAPS FA
TALLY INJURED.
Car Driven by R. Rosummy Report
ed to Have Traveled 35 Feet
After Hitting Child.
" " .. '.. nd that the constitutional right of the I lne "t&iy mat our exa
enator Knox: Mr. President, the . conBr. to determine all questions of immediately followed in
economic privileges that they originally peace and war was not sufficiently
acquired in Cores, and subsequently In I safeguarded. . On my return to Paris
loner and outer Msncolia. and in north
ern and southern .Mnrhuria have al
most developed Irto a complete sover
eignty over those countries, have they
not T"
The president: "In the absence of
m league of nations they have."
senator Knox: "You tfcink the league
of nations would have prevented that?"
The president: "I am confident it
would."
Senator New: lMr. president, does
not this Indefinite promise of Japan's
suggest the somewhat analogous case
of England's occupation of Malta? She
has occupied Malta for something like
a century. I believe, under a very
similar promise."
The president: "I hope you m-ill par
don me if I do not answer that ques
tion." I
Duly mt Mial7 T.la.
Senator Kallasked who mould de
fend the mandate territories against
external aggression under the league
and the president replied that primarily
th duty would rest with the mandatory
power.
Replying to another question re
garding the form of Japan's promises
to return Shantung, the president said:
"They are evident In a process verbal
of the so-called council of four."
Senator McVumber: "Is there any
objection to this being produced be
fore the committee?"
Th president: "I think there la a
vary serious objection. The reason mm
all these matters were taken up
again by the commission on the league
of nations and every suggestion of
the United States was accepted.
Aaaerleas) View AreepteA.
"The view of the United States with
regard to the questions I have men
tioned had in fact already been ac
cepted by the commission and there
was supposed to be nothing inconsist
ent with them in the draft of the
covenant first adopted the draft
which was the subject of our discus
sion in .March but no objection was
made to saying explicitly in the text
what all had supposed to be Implicit
In it.. There was absolutely no doubt
as to the meaning of any one of the
Leola Wilson, aged 8. of 364 East
Morrison street, was perhaps fatally
Injured yesterday when she was struck
by an automobile driven by M. Ro-
sumny. 227 t ront street, at second and
Salmon streets. She was rushed to
Good Samaritan hospital, where it was
said the child was in a critical condl
tion.
According to witnesses, Rosumny was
traveling at a good rate of speed
? CO
THE YOUNG GIRL WHO
FORGETS HER MOD
ESTY JUST ONCE, IS
LIKELY NEVER TO RE
MEMBER IT AGAIN.
CALLS
A SPADE
A SPADE
LZ3
m
Cocoanut Oil Makes
a Splendid Shampoo
-i
operative force of the treaty would ,nat polnt wnen n,s 1 snl auto trucK
presently be clouded from ona ph f I ore down on a group of three children.
its clauses to the other.
"Pardon me. Mr. Chairman, If I have
been entirely unreserved and plain
spoken in speaking of the great mat
ters we all have so much at heart.
If excuse Is needed. I trust that the
critical situation of affairs may serve
as my Justification. The issues that
manifestly hang upon the conclusions
of the senate with regard to peace and
upon the time of its action are so grave
and so clearly insusceptible of being
tnrust on one side or postponed that
I have felt It necessary In the public
interest to maae tnis urgent plea, and
to make It as simply and as unre
servedly as possible."
constituted that very small conference
mas so we could speak with the utmost
absence of restraint., and I think it
would be a mistake to make use of
those, discussions outside. I do not
remember any blaxing Indiscretion of
my own. but there may be some."
Haw 'Hi la -Posalble-f
Senator McCumber: "In those con
versations it was fully understood that
Japan was to return Shantung as soon
as possible. Was there anything stated
as to what was meant by 'as soon as
possible'?"
The president: "Xo. We relied on
Japan's good faith in fulfilling that
promise."
Senator McCumber: "Then 'as soon as
possible' would naturally mean as soon
as the treaty has ben signed under
which she accepts the transfer from
Germany T'
The president: "I should say that it
would mean that the promise should
begin then."
Asked whether Japan could not be
depended upon to carry out her agree
ment in good faith, the president said:
"I have every confidence that she
will."
Rattfleattea Helpful to China.
Senator Pomerene suggested that if
the treaty failed of ratification Japan
would hav Shantung practically at
her mercy, whereas It It were ratified
of which the Wilson girl was one. The
other children were not injured. Ac
cording to a report made to the polfce.
Rosumny's truck traveled 35 feet after
hitting the child.
The child's mother. Mrs. Ora Wilson
is the support of the family of three
children and she was engaged in can
rassing for household articles last
night. Hospital authorities were unable
to get m touch with her. The child s
father is an invalid and at present is In
California.
MRS. M. L. LEWIS BURIED
Funeral Held for Albany Woman
Who Died on Visit to Astoria.
ALBANY. Or., Aug 19. (Special.)
Mary L. Lewis, a well-known resident
of Wells, five miles northwest of Al
bany, was buried Tuesday at North
Palestine cemetery. She died, In As
toria Monday, while on a visit to her
son. Ralph Lewis.
Mrs. Lewis was born In Jefferson
county. Iowa, April 13, 18S3. She had
lived at Wells for more than 30 years.
Besides her husband, Haman Lewis, she
is survived by three sons. Davis, Ross
and Ralph Lewis.
If you want to keep your hair in
good condition be careful what you
wash it with.
Most soaps and prepared shampoos I
contain too much alkali. This dries the I
scalp, makes the hair brittle and
very harmful. Mulsified cocoanut oil
shampoo (which is pure and entirely
greaseless) is much better than any
thing else you can use for shampooing.
as this can t possibly injure the hair.
Simply moisten your hair with water I
and rub in. One or two teaspoonfuls I
will make an abundance of rich. I
creamy lather, and cleanses the hair I
and scalp thoroughly. The lather rinses
out easily and removes every particle I
of dust, dirt, dandruff and excessive
oil. The hair dries quickly and evenly,!
and it leaves it fine and silky, bright.
fluffy and easy to manage.
You can get mulsified cocoanut oil
shampoo at most any drug store. It Is
very cheap and a few ounces is enough!
to last everyone In the family for
months. Adv.
LEMON JUICE
FOR FRECKLES
Girls! Make beauty lotion for
a few cents Try It!
-r" vr"i -r -n
i
I
Phone your want ads to The Orego
nian. Main 7070. A 6095.
Squeeze the juice of two lemons Into
a bott:e containing tnree ounces of
Orchard White, shake well and you have
a cuarter pint of the best freckle and
tan lotion, aid complexion beautifier, at
very, very email cost.
Your grocer nus tne lemons and any
drug store or toilet counter will suddIv
three ounces oi urcnara wnite for a few
cents. Massage this sweetly fragrant
lotion into tne lace, neck, arms and
bands each day and see how freckles
and blemishes disappear and how clear,
soft and rosy-white the skin becomes.
Yes! It is harmless and never irritates.
Adv.
You will enJov a cup of
NURAYA TEA
Closset te Oevers - Portland
This picture is sponsored by the United
States Government, Public Health Serv
ice and they request everybody over 16
in the United States to see it. It's well
worth your while. .
AR
THEATER
25c -25c
. .m .... r . -