Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, August 20, 1919, Image 1

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VOL. T.VIII. XO 18 Entered at Portland (Ortionl
VJXs. litlll. y' 1 0,-J Postoffice as S-cond -C!a! Matter.
600,000 WORKERS
$16,903,361 OF ROAD
Interpretations. Welcomed
if Not in Formal Act
All Lines In Xorth and Central
America Affected; Referendum
Is Now Be ins Taken.
U. S. Troopers on Trail of
President Tells Committee He
Expects Japan to Give
Up Shantung.
Executive Declines, for Policy,
to Give American Vote
on Race Equality.
V.ASHIXGTON'. Aug. 19. Fresi
lent Wilson, interpreting the league of
nations covenant today for the sen
ate foreign relations committee, de
clared it imposed no legal obligations
for the use of American military
force in protecting the territory or
independence of any other nation.
But he added that the covenant
might involve, in certain circum
stances "an absolutely compelling
moral obligation" which might be
even stronger than a legal promise.
Pressed for a more exact defini
tion by committee members who in
sisted that the whole arrangement i
was "a rope of sand" he asserted that i
on the contrary he considered it as
placing the nations in "an attitude of
comradeship and protection," which
would compel respect for the princi
ples of justice and liberty.
The president, in a prepared state
ment which he read to the senators,
said he had no objection to interpre
tations, provided they are not a part
of the formal act of ratification.
Meeting the committee in a round
table discussion in the East Room of
the White House in contradiction to
the precedents of more than a cen
tury, and with the whole nation lis
tening through the medium of a re
lay of public stenographers, the pres
ident went into many of the de
tails of the peace negotiations and
touched on all the hotly-debated
questions which have divided the
senate in its consideration of the
peace treaty.
War Rests With Congress.
Article Ten of the covenant, guar
anteeing the integrity of league mem
bers against aggression, he declared,
would leave to each nation "complete
freedom of choice as to the applica
tion of force."
Even if the American representa
tives on the council joined in a rec
ommendation for military action,
final declaration for peace or war
must rest, so far as concerned the
United States, with congress, he said.
Whatever advice the council gave
under its authority to take such ac
tion as is "deemed appropriate" mujt
also be deemed appropriate by the
DETROIT. Aug. 19. General chair
men of the United Brotherhood of
ment already submitted to tne ran
road administration, calling for an In
crease In pay of app-roatmatety 91
day per man. time and a half for over
time and promotion by seniority.
The demands, it was said, affect all
railroads in the United States. Canada
and Centra'. America and involve about
600.000 workers. Half of that number
are members of the union.
A referendum now being taken Is
returnable August H. Union official
declare 99 per cent of the men favor
the proposed schedule and a general
strike of all maintenance of way em
ployes is Imminent if their demands are
not met. 0
Worshlner Is Attacked When He
Saves Child From Dog.
THE DAU.ES. Or.. Aug. 19. Spe
cial.) Charley Simons Is nursing 1
badly torn hand as the result of the
Intrusion of a bull dog at the Free
Methodist church last night.
As the congregation was passing out
of the church the dog made a rush at
one of the children and Simons grabbed
It by the hind leg and threw it over
the fence. The dog came back; this
time at Simons was the object of the
attack. Simons mas bitten in both
hands and on the arm before he was
hU t r r-, tn A nlars of safety.
Doss are strictly barred at all ftr-
ther meetings of the church.
Choice Sections Disposed of at Aue
tlon and More Follow.
PENDLETON. Or.. Aug. 19. (Special.)
Seven allotments on the Umatilla res
ervation went into the hands of white
men as the result of the public sale
Thomas Thompson paid 1 20. 031 for ISO
acres: D. C. Bowman, 40 acres for $4790;
Harvey Horn. 40 acres, 13215: 40 acres.
Ill 15: Ben F. Marlin. 40 acres. J5263;
Michael F. Unbarger. 40 acres. 14411;
J. D. Owen. 40 acres. IS50.
Other allotments of choice Indian
land are to be offered at auction this
Reservoirs Discharging at Capacit)
in Yakima District.
YAKIMA. Wash., Aug. 19. (Special.)
All reservoirs with the exception of
Keechelus are discharging to their
fullest capacity and an ample suppl-
of water is on hand in all sections of
the valley to meet the season's needs.
On the Sunnyside project 4700 acre
feet are being released daily, as against
4300 feet daily a year ago. Diversions
from the Indian service at Union Gap
are now running 5000 feet daily. 400
feet daily over last year at this time.
Tug Bringing In Steamer With Cargo
of Xews Print.
SEATTLE. Wash.. Aug. 19. The
Pacific Coast Steamship company's
steamer. Admiral Sebree. reported
early today it had lost a propeller
wheel and was drifting helplessly 115
miles west of Cape Flattery. The tug
Tyee Immediately put out from here
and took the Sebree in tow.
The Sebree was bound from Ocean
Falls. B. C. to San Francisco with
Weary Horsemen Are Guided
by Ransomed Fliers.
American Scooting Machine Back
With Holes in Wing; Replies
With Machine Gun.
MARFA, Texas, An. ID. Aa Amerl
M alrplaae returned tonight from 1
coating trip lata Mexico with two
ballet holes through a wing' of the
machine. The aviator-observer aald he
1 fired oa by three Mexicans. He
rctnrned the fire with a uachlne gna
and believes he killed one. The cavalry
Feur additional airplanes arrived to
night from Fort Bllaa flying field at
Kl Paso, increasing the airplanes for
recent work In Mexico.
The airplanes will fly Into Mexico at
daybreak, tomorrow to resume the
carch for bandits nnd for Unison dnty
between troops and field headquarters.
Later reports tend to confirm earlier
reports that rain storms In the Mexl-
mountalns today obliterated bandit
MARFA, Texas. Aug. 19. Rain-
soaked and saddle-weary the American
roops of the Eighth cavalry were pur
suing the Mexican bandits who held
aviators Peterson and Davis for ran
som over the Mexican mountains south
of the border.
Lieutenant Peterson and Lieutenant
Davis, the ransomed fliers, are riding
with the column to help find the place
where the .bandits made them prisoners
and to identify the bandits If captured.
Following release of the aviators
near San Antonio; Chihuahua, early to
day American cavalry troops crossed
he border! Reports received from the
troops in the field late today gave no
ntlmation that contact had been made
with the bandits or that there had been
any fighting.
Storms sweeping the Mexican moun-
ain district south of the Rio Grande-
Big Bend district multiplied the diffl-
ulties of the American troops. In the
Ojinaga district, torrential rains made
it difficult to follow the "hot trail" on
which the troops crossed.
Clouds and low visibility prevented
he airplanes from rendering good
scout service.
Bandits Hiding In nil
Despite the handicap the Americans
swept forward. The bandit band led
Macadam Is Being Laid for 193
Miles, With 528 Miles of Grading
Also in Contractors' Hands.
SALEM. Or., Aug. 19. (Special.)
State highway work under contract in
Oregon August 18, including all post
and forest projects, totaled 916,903,
361.08, according to a report completed
today by the state highway depart
There are included in the contracts
approximately 370 miles of paving, 193
miles of macadam and 528 miles of
grading. -
Ten per cent additional allowed for
contingencies amounts to 31,408,613.42
and 10 per cent for engineering totals
tl. 408,613.42.
The Improvements include the Co
lumbia River highway, at a cost of
3.407,67S.21; Pacific highway, 34.396,
775.75; west side Pacific highway. II,-
314,669.40; Salem-Dallas highway, S320,
742.50; Tamhill-Nestucca highway,
1426,682.11; Coast highway, 3601,054
Dalles-California highway. S46.188.70
Portland-F o r e s t Grove-McMinnville
highway, 3817.502.50; Ashland-Klamatli
Falls, $177,957.50; Crater Lake highway
46.000; John Day highway, $399,-
913.65; LaGrande-Enterprise highway.
$42,370; McKenzie River highway,
$136,145: Old Oregon Trail, $475,866.97;
Oregon-Washington highway, $536,
076.25; Baker-Cornucopia highway,
$178,431.75; Flora-Enterprise highway,
$73,560; Mount Hood. Loop highway,
$227,567.60; Grants Pass-Crescent City
highway, $62,985.35; Burns-Lawen high
way, $197,967.
(Concluded on Page 2, Column I.)
Development Work Done by School
Teacher and Companion.
ROSEBURG. Or., Aug. 19. (Special.)
Miss May Murphy, a school teacher
of Baker county, and Miss Lilla Sher
land of Portland, were In the city to
day filing their report on development
work done on the minlng'claim recently
left to Miss Murphy by the death of
her father.
The mine, situated in a wild country
22 miles from West Fork, has been
worked by the two girls, who have
cleared it, constructed flumes and sunk
shafts. They also repaired a dam which
had been damaged by a freshet. They
left Roseburg this morning for their
Velma Davidson Dies in
Attempt at Rescue.
Raymond F. Koessell Goes Un
der While Bathing at Goble.
Efforts of Girl Prove Unavailing
and Lad Is Carried Under by
Strong Currents of River.
Farmer Xear Glcnns Ferry Shoots
Raider on His Patch.
BOISE, Idaho, Aug. 19. (Special.) A
tragedy that created a sensation at
Glenns Ferry was enacted yesterday
when Howard Belmire. 19, a resident
of Ontario, Or., was killed by C. C.
Smith, a rancher, when Belmire was
In Smith's watermelon patch. Smith
is said to have emptied two barrels
from a shotgun into Belmire.
Belmire was in the employ of the
King Hill Irrigation company. He was
sent out to investigate the canals for
leaks. After completing the inspection
he decided to get a melon from Smith's
patch and the shotting followed.
Three lives were sacrificed in the
waters of the Columbia river yester
day by bathers who sought the cool
comfort of the stream.
Velma Davidson of Gold Hill, Or.,
19 years of age, gave her life in the
attempt to rescue a companion bather,
Lloyd Goff of 1246 Union avenue, Port-
and, at Forest Hall, near Crown
Point. Raymond F. Koessell of 727
Hood street, a student of the Uni
versity of Oregon, was drowned while j
bathing in the river near Goble.
Raymond F. Koessell, 19, a sopho
more at the University of Oregon, was
drowned while bathing in the Columbia
river near Goble yesterday, according
to a message received by his father.
ugust E. Koessell, 727 Hood street.
The boy was working for the Warren
Construction company.
The boy recently returned from an
officers' training school in Kentucky,
and had been working for the Warren
Construction company since closing of
the university last June. He is sur
vived by his parents and his grandmother.
In company with a friend by the name
f Lawrence young Koessell started
to take a swim in the Columbia, just
opposite the Goble postoffice, after
finishing work yesterday. He was
wading when he suddenly stepped off
into the ship channel, it was reported,
sinking at once. Grapplers had failed
to recover the body last night.
Miss Davidson and young Goff both
were employed at Forest Hall. Yes
terday afternoon they went for a swim
about a half mile from the tavern in
company with George Lord, who lives
at Bridal Veil. Lord and Miss David
son could both swim, but Goff was in
experienced in the water.
Lord, according to reports from
Forest Hall, warned Goff to stay near
the shore and close to his companion's.
They had left the water and were
starting back to Forest Hall when Goff
decided to take another plung. Be
fore his companions realized his danger
he had got in the current of the river
and beyond his depth.
Lord first atempted to rescue him.
Affair Held to. Be Mutual and Split
in Expense Is Desired by
Oriental Capitalists.
SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 19. (Spe
cial.) Thirty million dollars of Japan
ese capital has been subscribed to lay
another submarine cable across the
Pacific from San Francisco to Japan
Kakichi Uchida, former vice-minister
of communication of Nippon, an
nounced upon arrival here today from
Japan. "
In addition to the new cable, Japan
is now proceeding with th: construc
tion of another powerful wireless
plant. This will be flrished and in
operation about January 1.
Uchida made his first visit to the
United States several months a -o. He
proceeded to New York to interest
American financiers and received the
approval of the United States govern
ment. He then returned to Japan and
financed his undertaking.
He said:
"Japanese interests have subscribed
the entire amount needed to lay' the
cable; but we are of the opinion that
as the cable will benefit both coun
tries, it should be a r-.utual affair. I
was promised support at New York and
will go ahead and see if we cannot
have the capital split between the
Americans and Japanese."
Institution Weighed and
Found Wanting. .
General Conviction Is That
Prices Are Too High.
Meeting at Library Hall to Considea
Cost-of-Living Problems Proves
to Be Very Lively Affair.
Vessels Ahead of Schedule; Daniels'
Advance Guard at Honolulu.
SANTA BARBARA. Cal.. Aujf. 19.
The Pacific fleet anchored off Santa
Barbara at 3:30 o'clock this afternoon,
15 minutes ahead of schedule time. The
official reception committee boarded
Admiral Rodman's flagship, the New
Mexico, shortly afterwards and offered
the city's hospitality.
The flagship and others of its group
left Los Angeles harbor promptly at
8 o'clock this morning and had a
smooth voyage.
The various other groups of the fleet
which had been visiting other Los
Angeles county ports joined the flag
ship at the appointed rendezvous, ten
miles south of Point Dume. Then, with
the New Mexico in the lead and fol
lowed by the Mississippi, the Wyoming,
the Arkansas all dreadnoughts the
Birmingham, flagship of the destroyers
and the other vessels of that type, it
steamed in squadron formation at a
speed of 12 knots.
( Continued on Page 2, Column 2.)
cargo of news print paper. No pas-
United States to be binding on thiSsengera were aboard
government, ne argued, tnougn" in ma
background would be such a potential
moral force that he doubted if the
ation would decline to act.
The president revealed that Japan's
promise to return Shantung province
to China was reduced to written form
in the minutes of the peace confer
ence. He asserted he had "every confidence-
that the promise would be
rarried out, and told the senators it
was the best "that could be rot" out
of the negotiations, Japan having
given notice she would withdraw from
Portable Building Planned by Mill
for Workers' Children.
El'GENK. Or.. Aug. IS. (Special.)
That the children of the men employed
In the Booth-Kelly logging camps
above Wendling may not be deprived
of education, arrangements have been
made by the company for the erection
of a portable schoolhouse.
The camps above Wendling change
locations occasionally and every time
a. move Is msae nerearter tne scnooi-
the conference if her demands were' houe will be taken along, so that the
children may continue their studies.
-e fused.
U. S. Troops to Stay on Rhine.
The American delegates, he said,
had tried to keep the nation free from
obligations in European affairs "so
far as it was honorably possible to do
to," but he asserted that it might-be
necessary to keep some American
troops on the Rhine district under the
treaty for the next 15 years.
He declared the nation would be its
own sole judge whether its obligations
had been fulfilled under the disputed
withdrawal clause of the league cov
enant; that purely domestic questions
were afe from the league's interfer
ence, and tn&t the Monroe doctrine
was clearly preserved.
The league, the president explained,
was built on the plan of General
Smuts of South Africa.
Mr. Wilson revealed that he had
suggested the United States take no
part of the German reparation but had
asked that the conference reserve dis-
Ton of Sweets Causes Arrest
Seattle Quartet.
SEATTLE. Wash.. Aug. 19. Charged
with the theft of more than a ton of
sugar from the warehouse of a whole
sate grocery company here, two men
and two youths, company employes.
were arrested here today.
Police, who are withholding names.
allege the sugar was sold by the men
to restaurant owners, in some cases, one
whole cent below market price.
r.niinnit oa f u. 4. Column L-i
Dajlight-avlns Bill Repealed
House 223 to 101.
WASHINGTON". Aug 1. Repeal of
the daylight-saving law was passed to
day over President Wilsons veto by
the house on a vote of 223 to 101. seven
more than the necessary two-thirds.
The repeal now goes to the senate,
where its supporters claim victory.
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Walter Thompson and Miss Muna
Medly Married at Capital.
SALEM. Or., Aug. 19. (Special.)
Walter Thompson, well-known patrol
man of this city, and Miss Muna E.
Medley were married Monday morn
ing at the home of the former. Mr.
Thompson has been a member of the
Salem police force for several years
and at one time was a guard at the
state penitentiary. Mrs. Thompson was
formerly a telephone operator in the
local offices.
Following the ceremony Mr. Thomp
son was summoned to the sheriffs
office ostensibly on official business.
As he entered the offices he was seized
by a number of his fellow-officers and
thrown into cell, where he was held
for several hours. About the time his
predicament began to look serious he
was released.
Japanese Army Aviator Will Try
Flight Across Ocean.
SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 19. A trans
Pacific flight is to be attempted soon
by D. Isobe, a Japanese army aviator,
according to a cable received from
Japan by the Japanese-American News
of San Francisco.
This will be the first attempt at the
aerial conquest of the Pacific.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. Sb
degrees; minimum. degrees.
TODAT'S Fair and warmer; gentle north
erly winds.
British fleet besieges Kronstadt, sink, bol
shevik! battleships. Pags 2.
Japan plans closer ties of communication on
mutual .basis. Page 1.
Opposition to soldiers' land bill shows signs
or weakness. Page s.
Daylight-saving repeal passed by house over
president s veto. Page 1.
Walker charges against army prisons billed
for senate hearing. Page 2.
United States cavalry dashes Into Mexico
after kidnapers of flyers. Page 1.
Six hundred thousand railroad workers to
ask SI a day more pay. Page 1.
Freed flyers tell of their captivity. Page 3.
i - Pacific Northwest.
$16,003,561 of road work is under way in
Oregon. Page 1.
Campers warned of forest fire by Paul Re
vere in auto. Page 1.
Forest fires spring up anew In Oregon.
Page 8.
Laurelhurst tennis tournament to start Sat
urday: Page 14.
Evan, and Ouimet will decide national golf
title today. Page 15. ,
Commercial and Marine.
Heavy purchase of flour made by grain
corporation. Page 23.
Corn higher at Chicago with light offerings.
Page Si.
Settlement of traction strike leads to rally
In stock market. Page 23.
Shipyards will raise pay on October L
Page 24.
Portland and Vicinity.
Parents of murdered soldier receive postcard
mailed before death. Page 12.
Sale of poisonous . fish brings Jail term and
S5O0 fine. Page .
Tourist tide to northwest declared greatest
ever seen, rage ii.
Government offers army food through Port
land postoffice. page 23.
Three bathers are drowned In Columbia.
Page 1.
Women declare public market is not f unction-
ijig. properly. . Pae l.
Volley after volley of red hot in
vective were fired at the administra
tion of the Yamhill-street public mar
ket yesteiay when 250 women gath
ered in Library hall to voice thci
views on the high cost of living.
Practically everyone present vi
anxious to recite her experience;, de
spite rules of order and lack of timst;
Though the stories differed, the con
viction was general that the publi
market is not doing its work in the)
way originally Intended and that prices
are too high.
Upon motion by Mrs. F. O. Northruf.
a committee of five, representing each)
section of the city, was appointed and!
a meeting will be held at 10:30 o'clocH
today to work out some systematic
plan for handling the public market
problem. Later another mass meeting
is to be called for adoption of a gen
eral programme.
. Consumers' Interest First.
Those on the committee are Mrs,
Northrup. from the central west sidsr
chairman; Mrs. W. L. Block, North)
Portland; Mrs. H. B. Johnson, South)
Portland; Mrs. H. A. Bicknase, nortbj
east side, and Mrs. J. M. Rice, sou til
east side.
Mrs. J. F. Chapman presided yes
terday afternoon, calling first upoi.
Acting Mayor Bigelow to present tha
administration's side of the question,
Mr. Bigelow presented and compare4
some market quotations compiled frors
the daily papers . and results of in-4
vestigations he has carried on.
"The first consideration of th
market is to benefit the consumer," he
declared. "The man with a stall there
is expected to sell at a figure some
where between the wholesale and retail
Maximum Held Iteeeasary,
The speaker defended the maximunf
set by the market master, as he sai
it bars profiteering. "There is no truth
In the statement." he went on, "that
the market master forbids selling at a
lower figure than he has set. When
I quote some of these figures we have
obtained and you see the wide variance,
you will know that an arbitrary maxi
mum must be fixed r the producer
would go by the top price quoted. We;
have investigated and found that where
men or women declared their neigh
borhood stores sold cheaper than tha
public market this was not actually
At this point the audience became
impatient and a woman interrupted
I witn, isn t it a fact tnat tne nowi tha
I people have been making the last few
I days has caused - prices to drop oa
j Yamhill street?"
I Mr. Bigelow replied to this, attribute
I ing the decrease in some lines to a
greater supply of green vegetables. "I'm
not here to argue with you," he said. "I
just came to give you facts."
Another Objector Riaes.
Objection again was raised, when ona
of the women exclaimed," "Mr. Bige
low has told us a lot, but it was what
we already knew. We want to get down
to business. Is this market being car
ried on according to Hoyle?"
W. T. Spencer of Troutdale took the
floor and presented the producers' side
of the case. "Somebody has declared it
strange that one doesn't see more
Americans in the public market," he
said. "I tell you there won't be any
left at all unless you leave that maxi
mum price alone. We farmers live
without all the conveniences of the city,
we have to work from daylight to dark
and skimp ourselves to save any money.
We're not making a lot of it.
"The public market is not right, as
you say, but its faults are not those
that you have "designated. Why not
leave it alone until next winter, when
things are dull and you can carry on
your reorganization without hurting the
producer or yourselves? The farmers to
day place a certain dependence on the
market as an avenue by which their
products can get to the .people. Any
time you disrupt any regular element
in the handling of produce you are do
ing what the bolsheviki are doing in
Russia. Through those methods you
won't have any public market for farm
produce next year.
Fair Profit Necessary.
"Don't go too fast. Take my own
place. I've got to make a fair profit
or quit. Mr. Bigelow can send any
body down to my farm and find out
what your fruit and vegetables actu
ally cost. I'm business man enough to
know that if I wanted to I could dis
pose of them without relying on the
Mrs. Northrup arose at this point.
"That's fine talk from the producer,"
she said. "Now, what about the con
sumer's Bide of it?" She told, of soma
of her experiences in purchasing corn
Concluded on Page 15, Column 2.)