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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 18, 1919)
VOL TVTTT n 1S'-Q7 Entered at Portland (Oral-on)
JJ. iiViXX. JkJ. J.9,J4 Postofflc. as Eecond-Claas Matter.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, JULY 18, 1919.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
BELA KUN OUSTED;
VISITS GRANTS PASS
AGRICCLTCRAL OFFICIAL VIEWS
RETCRXIXG TROOPS FLOCK TO
CITY CACSIXG DISORDER.
GETS SHARP TEETH
Prohibitionists Gain All
Points in Measure.
SPAN FALLS WITH
;. TRUCK; FIVE HURT
ACTO CCRSS TURTLE AXD PIN'S
OCCCPAXTS IX CREEK.
Employes Seek Details of
Disputed Points in Peace
THREE TAKEN INTO CONFIDENCE
Mr. Wilson Places Shantung
Question in New Light.
SENATE ASKS FOR FACTS
Information Sought; on Suspected
Intimidation of Chinese Dele
gates by Japanese.
"WASHINGTON. July IT. How he
Versailles conference reached many of
the agreements embodied in the treaty
of peace was described by President
"Wilson today to three republican sena
tors invited to the "White House at
the head of a long list of republican
members whom he purposes to take
into ais confidence.
Afterward one of. his callers. Senator
Colt of Khode Island, said Mr. "Wilson
had been able to place the Shantung
settlement in a new light and had
clarified other disputed points in the
treaty. Senator McCumber of North
Dakota and Senator Nelson of Minne
sota, the others who saw the president,
were reticent as to the subjects dis
cussed, but said the president had
given them much interesting informa
tion. Senator Colt, who announced his gen
eral approval of the league of nations
in a senate speech delivered shortly be
fore he went to the White House, in
dicated after the conference his doubt
over certain portions of the league
covenant had not been removed. He
said he was not ready to express an
opinion regarding Shantung and inti
mated the president might make a
'Public statement soon.
Wilson Against Changes.
Senator McCumber is the only repub
lican member of the foreign relations
committee who has favoped the league
and it is understood Mr. Wilson talked
over with him committee action on the
treaty and the general situation on the
republican side of the senate. Senator
Nelson never has made a public dec
laration for or against the treaty. To
all of his callers the president is said
to have reiterated his opposition to
reservations of any character in senate
ratification of the treaty.
The president tomorrow will con
tinue his talks with senators inclined
to be friendly toward the league pro
visions, although it is expected that
later he will seek a conference with
virtually every republican senator, in
cluding those who have most bitterly
opposed ratification. Senators Kellogg,
Minnesota, and Kenyon of Iowa, both
of whom have kept open minds on the
treaty, have been invited to call on the
president tomorrow morning, and Sena
tor McNary of Oregon, a league sup
porter, and Senator Capper, Kansas,
who has taken no definite stand, in the
Senate Debates Shantung.
The position of the foreign relations
committee with regard to meeting the
president as a body was explained in a
statement tonight by Chairman Lodge,
who said no congressional committee
"has any right or should have any
right to summon" a president before
it, and that Mr. Wilson had not asked
While the president was beginning
his White House conference, the senate
debated Shantung and the league and
adopted without a record vote a resolu
tion by fcienator Borah, republican,
Idaho, asking for information relative
to the Shantung negotiations. Specifi
cally, the measure, which was not de
bated, asks the president for any in
formation as to whether the Chinese
delegates were intimidated' by the
Japanese and requests a cjpy of a let
ter said to have been writen on behalf
of General Bliss. Secretary Lansing and
Henry White, protesting against tle
Senator Colt, one of those who saw
the president during the afternoon, an
nounced in a speech in the senate his
conviction that the United States must
enter the league to fulfill its present
obligations to the world and Senator
Sherman, republican, Illinois, made an
attack on the league and the Shantung
I. endue Called "Confidence Game."
Senator Sherman characterized the
league as "the colossal confidence game
of the ages," and said the president
and his followers were living in "a
By a resolution introduced by Senator
Spencer, republican, of Missouri, and
referred to committee, the senate would
declare its "deep regret" at tlwe dis
position of Shantung.
Before the senate met, the foreign
relations committee leld another ses
sion to consider the treaty, but devoted
its time to reading the text.
Senator Colt said that the nation
"must at least see the great under
I taking upon which we have embarked
in entering the war through to the
end, which can be done by our becom-
ing a member of the league."
The Rhode Island senator declared
himself unable to agree with the ob
jections that the league would create
a super-state or subvert the American
constitution. He said, however, that
the Monroe Doctrine must be clearly
tCoucluded on Fage U, Column 1.)
Commander Boehm, of Army, and
Lander Reported In Control of
- PARIS, July 17. (By the Associated
Press.) Bela Kun, head of the Hun
g a r I a n communist government, has
been ousted, according to dispatches
from reliable sources in "Vienna re
ceived by the peace conference.
Troops returning from the Czech
front were reported entering Budapest
in large numbers. Budapest was In
disorder. Herr Boehm and Lander have
taken over control of the communist
Bela Kun was reported in a Budapest
dispatch Wednesday to have broken off
with nearly all the socialist leaders.
Officers of the soviet army were said
to be deserting at every opportunity.
The communist leader was quoted as
having said he was. tired of trying to
ride socialist and communist horses at
the same time.
Herr Boehm, commander, of the Hun
garian armies, was reported in prison,
in a dispatch from Vienna Wednesday,
which also stated Bela Kun was seek
ing some excuse to leave Hungary and
that he would not return.
Bela Kun assumed the post of min
ister of foreign affairs in the Hun
garian soviet government which suc
ceeded the 'republican government set
up by Count Karolyi. He took office In
March, ISIS, and immediately got in
touch with the heads of the Russian
'The council of, five at Paris July 5
reached the conclusion, it was stated,
that it was impossible to make peace
with r.ela Kun's government. Conse
quently it was consiaerea necessary iu
maintain the blockade.
Recent events in Budapest have
presaged trouble. An attack was made
on tho soviet headquarters by three
moritors In the Danube, aided by land
forces, July 2. As a result, 40 youths
from the Budapest military academy
and three officers were hanged.
BUILDING TIEUP IS FACED
Chicago Strike to Make 100,000
Idle if Not Ended Today.
CHICAGO, July 17. Unless the 20,-
000 carpenters, architectural iron work
ers, lathers and bridge and structural
iron workers who are at present on a
strike return to work tomorrow and
gree to obey the provisions of their
wage contracts with employers, build
ing operations in Chicago will be
halted indefinitely and more than 100.-
000 men will be Idle.
This was decided upon today by the
executive committee of the Building
Construction Employers' association of
Chicago. Officials of the association
declare that their industry has been
seriously interfered with for several
months because of the frequent strikes
of various unions and that recently the
situation became intolerable.
MAIL BRIDE DISSATISFIED
Sirs. Downer Halfery, Won by Let
ter, Xow Asks for Divorce.
SALEM. Or.. July 17. (Special.) Mrs.
Axie Halfery, whose marriage to Downer
Halfery was arranged through a cor
respondence paper, has filed suit in the
circuit court here for divorce. Besides
a decree Mrs. Halfery seeks an un
divided one-third interest in the real
property owned byher husband, 11500
alimony and $500 suit money.
Mrs. Halfery formerly lived in Wis
consin. Upon arriving at Salem, she
says, she was taken to the ranch home
of her husband and that he refused to
purchase her a new wardrobe as prom
ised prior to the wedding. She also
avers that her husband represented
himself to be wealthy.
LABOR TO ASiK NEW RULE
Six-Da Week and $18 Minimum
"Wage for Women Is Desired.
SPOKANE. Wash., July 17. That or
ganized labor of Washington will de
mand, at the next meeting of the state
industrial welfare commission, 'rein
statement of the six-day week for
women was the declaration today of
W. J. Coates, president of the Spo
kane central labor council. The com
mission's definition of a six-day week
was declared invalid In a decision ren
dered in superior court here yesterday.
Mr. Coates declared the commssion
also will be asked to increase the min
imum weekly wage for women above
$13.20. He suggested $18 a week, with
$15 for apprentices, as a fair wage.
2 IN RESCUE CHAIN DROWN
Mother and Chum of Girl Step Into
Hole In River.
MISSOULA, Mont., July 17. After,
having formed a living chain in an
effort to rescue Edith McKay. Mrs.
George McKay, the mother, and Jean
ette Adams, a chum of the girl, were
drowned In the Clarks Fork river near
Alberton, Mont., last night.
They stepped into a hole and were
seized by the undertow.
EXPLOSIVES MAY BE HELD
Reserve or 95,000,000 Tons of War
WASHINGTON. July 17. Ninety-five
million tone of high explosives, manu
factured for war use, would be held in
reserve under war department plane,
the special house war investigating
committee was told today by Colonel
A. J. Stuart of the ordnance field service.
HOME MANUFACJURE IS HIT
Trial by Jury for Violatior
Act. Also Denied.
'WETS" LEAD FOR MOMENT
All-Day Battle Ends When. Mem.
bers Go Home at N'lght, Say
ing Xo Call for Haste.
WASHINGTON', July 17. Prohibition
forces voted down in the house today
every attempt to eliminate drastic pro
visions of the general enforcement bill,
and while in full and absolute control
shut off debate at the word of their
leader, despite the violent protest of
When they raced through the war
time enforcement portion of the three
part bill and got into the constitutional
prohibition measure proper, there were
only 68 members on the floor and so
much confusion that a speaker- could
not' make himself heard. It was 7
o'clock tonight when the long rollcall
to obtain a quorum was started, and
members then had gone home, after
declaring there was no good reason for
trying to force through a bin to take
care of a situation that would not arise
Home Brewer Hit.
Before the house got into a sii&rl,
however, the prohibition faction had
fought off every attack on the bill.
An amendment to strike out the min
imum fine for those convicted of vio
lating the wartime act was fought over
and defeated, 68 to 57. This was of
fered by Representative Reavis, repub
lican. Nebraska, a prohibition member
of the judiciary committee.
Chairms.n Volstead of the judiciary
committee, and patrol, of the bill, pre
sented an amendment, which was adopt
ed without debate, and which made the
measure a bit more drastic. In that it
added the word "manufacturer" to the
many things a man may not do wjth
liquor in his office or home.
"WcU" Flaht for Trial.
For a brief moment late In the day
the minority described by the prohi
bitionists as tho "wets" swung Into
power, only to be thrown out by a
demand for tellers, which meant an
accurate count on a vote to amend the
bill so that a person charged with
violating a liquor-selling injunction
might demand and obtain a trial by
This motion, offered by Representa
tive Oard. democrat. Ohio, and warmly
(Concluded on Page
WILSON: "NOW, THE
IF 1 1
' "r- j - : En-
Rescue Party Has to Dig Injured
Out and Two Are Found to Be
in Serious Condition.
Five persona were Injured at 9
o'clock last night when a light auto
tr -k" owned by the W. P. Fuller corn-
crashed through an old bridge
country road near Llnneman
tlon. The truck turned complete-
over when the bridge gave way,
.nning the occupants of the machine
oeneath it In about four feet of water
In Johnson creek.
Those injured were A. C. Welnel. an
employe of the W. P. Fuller company;
Mrs. Weinel. Clara Welnel. their daugh
ter; Mrs. Joseph Rothenberger and
Mrs. M. Dale.
The accident was witnessed by resi
dents of Llnneman Junction. A woman
summoned George L. Hoffman, who
was driving 'near with his family and
he hurried to the wrecked machine
and helped to drag the injured pre
sons from the creek. It was necessary
for the men to dig several feet Into
the' bed of the creek to effect the
The Injured were carried to nearby
homes and physicians were called from
Lents and Gresham. Mr. Weinel. who
was badly cut about the face and
head, and Mrs. Rothenberger were aaid
to be seriously hurt. Physicians found
there were no bones broken but It
was feared that they might be suf
fering from Internal injuries.
The bridge where the accident oc
cured is on a private road a short
distance from the Powell Valley road.
The truck was not heavily loaded and
residents of that section could not
account for the fact that the bridge
crumpled, as It had been subjected to
much heavier loads and was not
thought to be unsafe.
9 OF 125,000 HAVE FEVER
Better Methods Responsible for
Health Record at Lewis.
TACOMA. Wash., July 17. During the
existence of Camp Lewis only nine
cases of typhoid fever developed in 125,
000 men, according to a report of
Lieutenant-Colonel H. H. Sharpe. med
ical corps, made public today. The
officer contrasts this record with the
20.738 cases, resulting in 1680 deaths,
among 107.973 soldiers in the Spanish
Personal and public hygiene, ad
vanced sanitation and inoculation are
declared to be responsible fer the rec
ord at Camp I,ewis. .
STERLING FALLS TO 4.26
Late Rally Marks Quotations on Ex.
change of Sovereign.
NEW YORK. July 17. The exchange
rate on the British sovereign, after
falling today to a new low level of
26, rallied vigorously before the
close of the market, when demand bills
were quoted at 4.32, a figure still more
than 60 points below pre-war quota
liens. The depression in European money
values was not confined to sterling,
French francs falling to 7.20 on de
mand and declines also being marked
in Italian and north Kuropean moneys
PEACE TREATY ISNT SO BAD
SYMPATHY WALKOUT ASKED
Referendum on Return to Ex
. changes Is Expected.
COMMITTEE TRAVELS EAST
End of Coast Trouble Believed Xear
at Hand, But Exact Action
Not Yet Known.
SAN FRANCISCO. July 17. Beyond
the promise of the Pacific Telephone Sc.
Telegraph company to offer agree
ments to the operators and to the
electrical workers that shall expire on
the same date, conferences today be
tween employers and striking employes
resulted In no recession by either side
from the stand taken when negotia
tions were broken off two weeks ago.
A suggestion from International
headquarters of the electrical brother
hood for a referendum vote by the
strikers on a proposal to accept the
company's offer of increased wages
made shortly after the commencement
of the strike has not been acted upon
by the executive committee here In
charge of the strike. .
Vale to Take Five Days.
The referendum vote, when ordered,
will take about five days, it was said.
L. C. Crasser. International vice-president
of the brotherhood, declined to
state when he would order the strikers
to return to work pending the result
of any referendum.
Local international oflcers of the In
ternational Brotherhood of. Electrical
Workers received telegraphic Informa
tion of the settlement yesterday, but
were given no Instructions as to what
action they should take, according to
L. C. Crasser. International vice-president
of the Brotherhood of Electrical
Committee Goea F.a.i.
In these advices It was requested that
a small committee be sent to Wash
ington to represent the strikers in fur
ther conferences with the wire control
board and the postmaster-general. This
committee Immediately was appointed
and Is composed of J. B. Quinn of Seat
tle, representative of the strikers of
that city, and O. M. Devore of Fresno.
They left for Washington this after
noon. The names of the members of the
committee selected to confer with the
officials of the telephone company are:
H. B. Smith. Oakland; R. K. Swain. Los
Angeles; J. Hammlll. San .Francisco:
R. W. Fuller. Seattle: B. Northrup.
(Conrlud.d on P(. 2. Column 1.)
AFTER ALL, IS IT?
Trip Made In Automobile From Sau
Francisco; Head of Forestry De
partment in Party.
GRANTS PASS. Or.. July 17. (Spe
cial.) David F. Houiton, secretary of
agriculture, accompanied by Mra. Hous
ton, heading a party of officials from
Washington. D. C. and from the for
estry departments of Oregon and Cali
fornia, visited Grants Pass today.
Among the ' delegation were S. H.
Graves, head of the forestry depart
ment at Washington. D. C; George H.
Cecil of the forestry department at
Portland, and Austin B. Fletcher, state
highway engineer of California.
Secretary Houston, Mrs. Houston. Mr.
Graves and a few others made the trip
by automobile from San Francisco to
Eureka. Crescent City and thence to
Grants Pass. Last night they stopped
with Mr. and Mrs. George M. Esterly
at Waldo, where they were entertained.
Mr. Houston stated that he was merely
on a. tour of Inspection, being greatly
Interested In the "Pacific highway now
The state of California has already
voted 8400.000 for this scenic highway,
and additional funds will probably be
available from the government.
The secretary and party left for Sac
ramento this afternoon and will then
go to Salt Lake City to attend the
ARMY SHORT OF FLIERS
Plans for Air Defense or Islands
May Have to Be Dropped.
"WASHINGTON. July. 17. Plana for
the establishment of four observation
squadrons In the Philippines as part ef
the baric defense of the islands will
have to be abandoned, army officials
said today, unless some remedy Is found
for the present situation of the air
service. Each of these squadrons re
quires 41 flying officers and tho entire
commissioned personnel of the service
will number only 223 by September 30.
Other Important projects to be aban
doned Include three squadrons for Ha
waii, three squadrons for Panama and
two for the border patrol and 40 bat
loon companies for the United States.
EXPLOSION KILLS SEVERAL
Blast From Ammunition Damp In
France Does Great Damage.
PARIS, Wednesday. July 1 A
number of prom were killed or In
Jured this afternoon when a large mu
nitions dump was blow n up at Lebour
get. seven miles northeast of Paris.
Several buildings were destroyed by
roncusslon. and sheds on the aviation
field collapsed and took fire, causing
Injury to a number of soldiers and
TRICK FLIER KILLED IN ACT
Sergeant Eairs Falls 2000 Feel
When Life Belt Breaks.
AMERICUS. G, July 17. Sergeant
Barton Gates of Flushing. L. 1 ., was
killed late today during an aerial cir
cus being held at Souther field. Ser
geant Gates was flying upside down
at the time and It is believed that his
life belt broke.
He fell 2000 feet to the ground, while
his machine crashed down nearly a
INDEX OF TODAYS NEWS
TESTERDAT'P Maximum tmperatura, 72
decrs: minimum. 0- dfirtfi.
TODAY'S Fair, sntl northerly wind,
Bela Kun ousted by soviet disturbances,
Wranvlinjr In senat over treaty holds up
peace work abroad. l""a Z.
FruMlin arltator foment world strike from
American m In Ion Interests all Egypt. Psre 3.
Brltifth alien labor bill is expected to causa
reprisals. Fas 3.
U. P- spruce Inquiry to center la Portland,
Prriiont Wilson confers with republicans.
Enforcement bill driven throueh house by
"dry a" without modification. Pace 1.
House re lees fff.oon.ooo - bill for care of
wounded to $14.oo0.ooo. Face 1.
Conferences on details of settlement of tele
phone strike open In east and west.
Ford says wine and beer was one of causes
of war. Pace 7.
Ireland at war with England, says De Valera
at Sacramenio. Face 4.
Thousand said to be In sedition plot. Page 4.
David F. Houston, secretary of agriculture,
visit Oranta Pass. Fase 1.
Foreat fire disaster of 1910 may be repeated.
Flames cut off two Montana towns. Page 8.
Pad f lc Coant lea sue reu I ts : Port land
Fait lake H; Vernon 4. Loa Angele J;
San Kranclo K, Hoattle 0; becramcnto a.
Oakland. Fas 14.
National league approves 140-game schedule
for acasoa. Page 14.
KJnser and JohnMnn of California win
matches at Chicago tennis tourney.
Jimmy Wilde beats Pal Moore. Page 14.
Coram err la I and Marina.
Opening prices on California prunes Interest
growers and packers here. Fage 23.
Chicago corn weaken and closes at lowest
figures. Page -A.
8 took market opens strong, but closes with
losses. Fags -4-Western
apple crop Is largest oa w record.
Steady freight service to Kew Zealand la
proposed. Page 1.
Port and dock commissions decide no new
dry dock needed. Page 10.
Portlaad ssd Vicinity.
Interstate cnmra-rce commliiton official
hear testimony on pertabaDle Xreigbt
tariff. Pass 11.
Doctors advance prices. Page
ijpo.oo pledged lor survey of city sites.
Legalltv of city bond Usn to be detertntned
by Boeton lawyers. Fage 12.
Ida Tarnelt lauds league of nations and pro
Sliver butt rn awarded to 5 wounded sol
dier. Fage . .
Woa;Ucx rcpurt, da.s and forecast. Pags 2,
U. S. SPRUGE PROBE
TO BE-IN PORTLAND
gators to Start West, j
ALLEGED STATEMENT DENIED
No Evidence Yet Public, Saya
Representative Frear. j
SEATTLE MAN ANSWERED
Chairman of Graham Subcommittee
Sajs Inquiry W ill Co on Whether
Timber ma n Likes It or ot.
ORECOXIAX NEWS BUREAU. Wtih.
Incton. JulT 17. Statements attributed
to tha Graham air InvestiKStins; com.
mines to the effect that the commit,
tee had evidence to convict tha sprue
production division of gross eztrava.
Kance. and mismanagement were va
hementlr denied today bjr Keoresenta.
tlve Frear of Wisconsin, chairman of
the sub-committee of the Graham com.
mittee, which is coins to the raclTifl
northwest soon In connection with th.
"The house unanimously directed that
the facts on the aircraft situation bo
reported." said Representative Krear.
"That will be done as far as practicable.
No public statement has been made by
any member of the committee at any
time, to my knowledge, regarding ar.y
evidence placed before tho commlttca
on the subject It Is Investigating."
This statement waa brought out by s
telegram from J. J. Donovan, a lum
berman of Seattle. Wash., protesting;
that statements emanating from tho
committee Indicated that the commit
tee had prejudiced the case.
Mr. IMut.i Oela Reply.
In a letter to Mr. Donovan Repre
sentative Krear wrote: "Affidavits hava
been given to me. together with Infor
mation that contains charges to be In.
vestigated. I have made no statement
regarding them to anyone, because
from my experience all testimony has
to bo examined before acceptance.
Neither am I prepared to accept apolo.
giea or defense of anyone connected
with the air service without equsl in
vectigation whero facts are in contro.
"I note that you telegraph thst you
welcome investigation, but not by a
committee which prejudlcea the cii.
and publishes a statement prior to
hearings. Whether you welcome In
vestigation or not is Immaterial to th
Part la a 4 Be Center.
Th commute will go to St. Paul
late In August for a one-day hearinc
and then to Seattle, where, after a brief
examination of witnesses, the main
hearing will be taken up at Portland.
Formal Invitation waa received front
Senator McNary today to confer with
the president at 3 o'clock tomorrow aft
ernoon. It is understood that the pres
ident desires to discuss tha peace treaty
with the Oregon senator, explaining
some of the controversial points. With
the exception of Senator McCumber of
North Dakota. Senator McNary Is, re
garded as more friendly to th treaty
In Its present form than any other re
publican senator. An Invitation af&o
was sent to Senator Jones of Washing
ton. a a
Major Stanley F. Coar has been or
dered to make a tour of Inspection of
Pacific northwest army post fir tha
commission on training cimii hctivltlt a.
He will visit Vancouver barracks. Fort
Stevens. Fort Columbia and Camp
The grain crop In Oregon. Washing
ton and northern Idaho will amcunt to
about 65,000.000 bushels, the railroad,
administration estimated today In a.
report on the traffic outlook. rospe?t9
in the fruit districts of the northwest,
the report says, are for mura th&n an
Nominations of presidential postmas
ters were sent to the senate today ia
follow.: Oregon. Charles R. Tyler.
Yamhill; Charles K. Hodge. Beaverton;
Margaret Clark. Canyon City; Henry A.
Hall. KiKsboro: Charles A. White. Lake-
view; Richard T. Evans, Stanfield; Cora
Magoon, Warrenton; Albert C Sly. Ste
venson, and L'lisa F. Head. Cathlamat.
A tour of northwest Indian reserva
tions will be made by the house Indian
affairs committee within tho next few
weeks. From six to 1 - members of
the committee are expected to inake tha
trip, which will take them first Into tho
Pacific northwest and then to Portland
by w-ay of California. Oregon reserva
tions will be visited from Portland.
Representative Snyder, chairman of tha
committee, will head the party.
RIBBON ORDER IS RECORD
37 7 Silica of Goods Required for
SEATTLE. Wash.. July 17. Tha
largest order for ribbon ever placed,
according to Colonel O. W. p. Farr.
commanding the army recruiting dia-
trlct of Seattle, has just been placed
by the war department.
It is for 3T7 miles of ribbon. HS0
ysrds of silk one and one-eighth Inches
wide and of a delicate rainbow design.
The ribbon is for the 5.000.000 or C.OOO..
000 victory medals on of which Is to
be given every soldier who served In
the world war.