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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 27, 1919)
TIIE MORNING OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, MAT 27, 1919.
ALTERED TREATY IS
ASKED BY HARDEN
Americans Are Charged With
MENACE DECLARED PAST
Writer Alleges Attempt by Agitators
to DriTe Huns to Desperation
by Enforcing Serfdom.
BT MAXIMITJAN HARDEN.
Copyright by tha Kew York World. Pub
lished by arrangement.)
BERLIN, May 26. (Special Cable.)
"What's going- on here? We cannot
pick up a newspaper without finding
at once reams of coarse vituperation.
Even coarser was the session of the
national assembly, which was devoted
to staging a concert of vituperation in
the press and a thousand meetings of
"We Americans, particularly, whose
unselfishness had been unequivocally
proved by the conditions of peace, who
never demanded any payment for war
costs and never will, are reproached
with breach of promise, hypocrisy,
trickiness and deception, and the rost
vulgar abuse is thrown at President
Wilson for having deceived Germany,
having lured it into a trap and for not
having kept a single promise of his 14
"Crowds of angry men and women
assemble before the hotel where we
live, uttering invectives against our
country ant?, the entente and singing
".Die Wacht am Rhein' and "Deutsch
land uber Alles" for our benefit, and
acting as if they would like to storm
Kew Germany Reflected.
"TVe are not here for our pleasure
or as enemies, but to pereform duties
whose results Germany needs more
than we do. Members of the entente
commissions did not exert the least in
fluence in the formulation of peace
terms, which comprehensively seem
hard to the. Germans.
"Was it necessary, however, to prove
the necessity for harshness by out
bursts of rage and by relapses into the
hateful morals of militarism? How can
we with clear consciences speak to our
countrymen and government of a new
Ciermanv when even the newspapers
calling themselves liberal, or even
democratic, talk entirely in the tone
of old Germany, which forced us into
war, and when the alleged pacifists run
around with clenched fists and foam
"Where we come tn contact with the
common people we find them quiet, dig
nified and animated by the best will
Hut the agitation to provoke hatred is
carried on quite systematically. If it
continues as it has been doing we must
expect that our government will recall
is and conditions of absolute hostility
"Do they think they can scare us
Then one knows us as little as one
knows the state of Germany's present
fctrength. Iid any sensible person
doubt that the loser in this tremendous
war would have to pay a high bill?
Iid not the German nation, by the fact
of revolution, admit that the policy of
Imperial Germany was damnable, bad,
"Now it is no longer supposed to be
true that treacherous enemies have
fallen upon an innocent empire, put the
liangman's noose about its neck and
wish to strangle it, despite the fact
that it has reformed so nicely and
changed into a socialistic republic.
Agitation Kostercd by Aid.
"Germany's ruin. Only children and
fools can believe such nonsense. We
eee how Berlin is enjoying the spring
and, even in the so-called week of
mourning, fills all the theaters, the
movies, the carbarets. the dance halls,
the concerts, the luxury restaurants,
to the last place; and day after day we
hear the thunder of anger and libels.
"Wo are begged for food, to deliver
e.s much as Ave possibly can. Yester
day the English donated 800,000 rubber
nipples to poor mothers for their chil
dren. Yet the agitation against us
waxes ever wilder. Can you explain
vhat is happening here?"
I have heard these questions so often
recently from foreigners that I must
assume they are asked by public opin
ion in the enemy countries. I will pub
licly answer them 10 the best of my
ability and with that sincerity which,
in this hour of humanity's history,
tseems the holiest duty.
Firstly, peace conditions are really
hard, in many respects unnecessarily
hard, and honest men consider that
some of the demands cannot be met. If
they become effective our most impor
tant food province, Kast Prussia, would
be torn almost entirely from the body
of Germany, and only a small part
would remain to us of a colony of our
other agricultural provinces of Posen
West Prussia and Silesia.
That ought not to be. -If we are to
lose the Saar valley coal, we ought not
to be required to give up Upper Silesian
coal, which we require to pay for our
raw materials and for our imports of
manufactured goods, costing more than
ever in our poverty, with our gold re
tiuced to 1,500,000,000 marks and the
value of the mark steadily declining.
Could we buy this coal of Poland, un
less great credits and loans were
granted to us?
Bolshevik Danger Feared.
Reduction of our volunteer army
now numbering 500,000 men,, to one-
fifth of that number undef compulsion
would, in the opinion of military ex
perts, no longer enable us to maintain
internal order, and it might encourage
the bolsheviki to new offensives. Such
a calamity could not be to the interest
even of France, justly our most bitter
No military danger Is to be feared
from Germany. Even If Germany had
1.000.000 men In uniform, we could not
produce materials, guns, arms, am
munition and the other equipment
necessary to make them effective.
while our biggest factories for arms
and explosives lie within range of en
emy guns, and while Kssen and Dus
seldorf ,can be occupied in a few hours
by the armies of the allies.
Many believe that Haller's Poiisn
army could be beaten, but Poland s
allies and patrons would ward, off any
attempt in that direction. No one
doubts today that the road to Berlin
and to Koenigsberg lies open to Mar
shal Foch. There is therefore no ap
parent reason for taking from us the
troops essential to the avoidance of
Cutting off of German commercial
connections, confiscation of German
private property in foreign countries,
requirement for the payment of pen
sions to invalids and relatives oi tne
allies in Prance and Belgium these
and similar burdens would so fright
fully oppress and weaken Germany's
national and private resources, al
ready bound to pay 9.000,000,000 marks
in interest on our own war debt, tnat
recovery is unthinkable.
German Work Power Knds.
If the peace conditions remain un
changed, Germany passes as a great
world industrial power. Its agriculture
will suffer gravely and from 20.000.000
to 24,000,000 of our people must find
homes abroad or starve at home.
I do not believe any one of our en
emies can want such results, and
therefore I am convinced that a dig
nified, businesslike, sensible presenta
tion of actual facts and prospects
would bring about essential alterations
in the treaty terms.
For months past such a presentation
ought to have been brought pubUcly
and privately to the notice of "the
heads of the Paris conference. It is a
crime that no attempt was made to do
It was to be expected that mistakes
would be made by the conference,
which had one-sided information, for
instance, over Fast German conditions
from the Poles, whose shrewd leader,
Roman Omowski, is a fanatic nation
alist. That the conference will stub
bornly stand by its mistakes against
better insight is not to be feared.
To reject everything because It may
be hard and painful would be for us.
in our position, not only dishonorable
but stupid. Favorable alterations in
the terms may be hoped for only if
Germany shall declare its readiness to
accept everything in any way bearable.
to atone for everything for which
atonement can be made, and to pro
test only against measures that will
be really unbearable and not only
harmful to Germany, but of no perma
nent or substantial benefit to any
worthy interest, and injurious to the
general interests of humanity.
D. C. SHULL I0W1,
NEW BAPTIST LEADER
Northern Convention at Denver
Nearly Through Work.
SECURES ROCKEFELLER AID
t 'toft drink" that noothes and sat
$sfirV in he sam way tnat the "soft word
turr.oth away wrath. makes easy the way
to sood living ana the cnueriui Bpini.
I NOM -INTOXICATIN 3 fl
Coon to be named "Evans Cherofm Berer-
erae ' by (rovemment rultnjf.
A JOYFUL., SATISFYING, K JOY ABLE
1 Ask Your Deulvr to Get It.
Henry Weinhard Plant the
ptetributora, ' Portland, j President Wilson's promises,
People Now Angry.
Right can be invoked only by one
who has proved himself Just. The broad
masses of the people, having con
demned and overturned the old system
of government, were prepared for a
hard peace. Now the attempt seems to
be to lash the people into anger and
desperation by telling them they must
labor like slaves for foreign countries
and capitalists, and that the serfdom
will last for decades. Justice is widely
ramified, like dynasties and nobility,
science and art, papacy and proletar
ianism. If before the war the international
German- mining king had done just as
much business in Fnglish as in Ger
man coal, no paper treaties could have
checked the rapid progress of interna
tionalization in this line. Under the
league of nations, unlimited, uncon
trolled and antiquated practices will no
longer prevail in the individual state.
It will no longer be true that political
and economical boundaries should be
If ore and coal can produce things
useful for mankind only when wedded.
he barriers of the countries In which
these things lie must be opened in order
to make their union possible. That is
n important fact for labor, regardless
nationality, quite as important as
for the owners who get dividends from
Populace Lnngi for Peace.
The eight-hour day. which all civil-
zed countries will adopt, will secure
for the worker living wages and the
ecessary leisure for health, and will
rotect him against wage-depressing
The German people are quiet and
they long for peace. They know that
iermany must assume all the burdens
can carry and that it cannot keep
on its shoulders more than it can
carry. The noise, the agitation and the
scolding now heard proceed from a
hin layer of people who are moved bv
motives other than those which actuate
The bourgeoise tremble before the
pectre of bolshevism: the communist
ears the conditions of the peace will
urther increase taxes. Plans are al
ready discussed for a tax of 60 per
cent on the highest, incomes and for
measures that will limit opportunities
for profits. Then the champions of the
new nationalism declare that the meet-
ngs of protest will whirl away every
hing uncomfortable and remove the
dangers threatened by revolution.
social democracy, ruling in the most
beautiful agreement with the bour
geoisie, has given the lie to all the
principles proclaimed for generations.
Clericals Fight Terms.
So the workers are going in crowds
over to the independents, hoping that
nationalism may save tnem from com
munism, which, in turn, might loosen
an avalanche that would overwhelm the
supporters of the old, honest markets.
The independents aim to create a pop
ular impulse which will not much
onger tolerate the exercise of power bv
the brutal agencies of martial law and
machine guns. .
Another important factor in the sit
uauon is tne centrum catholic party.
which in Alsace-Lorraine, Posen, Upper
aiiesia ana west Prussia loses it
seats In the parliaments of Germanv
and of Prussia. Therefore, It does not
wish to snare responsibility for the ac
ceptance of the peace terms. Accept
ance wuuia mean new elections, which
are not wanted even bv the lihomi
party, wnicn, under its new nam of
democratic party, has already discreri
uea itself and would probably lose half
The government would not fin ir.
day in the national assembly a ma
jority tor acceptance. It fears that if
the national assembly were dissolved
mere wouia De a great increase of con
scrvatives and independent socialists in
a newly-elected Reichstag. Thus the
scneidemann ministry, a socialist demo,
cratic government in appearance onlv
would no longer be possible.
small provincial Journalists, -nettv
lawyers, artisans, labor union officials
ana party secretaries are now sunning
tnemselves in the glamour of the high
est state oitices. The idea of disan
pearing again into the dark is fright
ful to them. The national assemblv
which they support is essentially the
01a rcicnstag party.
These office-holders do not wish anv
popular expression of their entire
policy but they wish to appeal to the
people to answer o e question, name
ly: "nau tne Versailles treaty be ac
cepted or rejected? By answering this
question the people would relieve the
office-holders of all responsibility tor
consequences. Having obtained
plebiscite, they can say the voice of
the nation has spoken and therefore
new elections are for the present un
Many "Bmm" Appear.
For this reason agitation against the
treaty began long before anyone knew
the terms of the four hundred and odd
articles. The people have been told
that the treaty seals Germany's ruin,
that it endangers the future of democ
racy, that it does not meet a singl
mise of the 1 points and that it i
sharpest contradiction to all of
Outlay of $100,000,000 in Next
Years Is Determined, and
$6,000,000 Fund Gained.
DENVER, May 26. Election of D. C.
Shull. Sioux City. la., as president, se
lection of Buffalo, N. Y.. as the 1920
convention city, adoption of a $100,000.
000 budget, covering five years, com
pletion of the $6,000,000 laymen's fund,
and organization of the general board
of planning and promotion were the
principal features of today's session
of the Northern Baptist convention.
Aside from the report of the reso
lutions committee, little remains for
the session on the last day tomorrow,
Mr. Shull was unanimously elected
after an effort to nominate F. W. Free
man, a Denver attorney, as a second
nockefeller Gift Assured.
Completion of the $6,000,000 victory
fund, collection of which was begun
last fall, assures the receipt of a con
tingent gift of $2,000,000 from John D.
Rockefeller, announced last week.
Further donations will bring this fund
to a total of $9,000,000. it is said.
The prominence given to western men
and women was a feature of the report
of the nominating committee. The
principal nominations follow:
Officers of the convention First
vice-president. Rev. Frederick 13. Tay
lor, Indiana; second vice-president, H.
G. Stoddard, Massachusetts: corre
sponding secretary, Rev. William C.
Bitting. Missouri; recording secretary.
Rev. Maurice A. Levy. Massachusetts;
statistical secretary. Rev. Charles A.
Walker, Pennsylvania; treasurer, Frank
L. Miner, Iowa.
Various Heads Named.
Members of the executive committee
(term expires 1922) Rev. W. S. Aber
nethy, Missouri; Rev. G. A. Briggs, New
York; J. A. Earl, Iowa; Robert Earl,
Minnesota; W. W. Everett, District of
Columbia; Rev. Joseph C. Hazen. Illi
nois; Mrs. Andrew MacLeish, Illinois;
W. W. Smith, Michigan; E. J. Steinberg,
Wisconsin; J. A. Sunderland. Nebraska.
President American Baptist Foreign
Missions society. Rev. T. J. Villers.
Michigan; president American Baptist
Home Mission society, Charles R. Brock,
Colorado; president American Baptist
Publication society, W. G. Brimson, Illi
nois; president Women's American Bap
tist Foreign Mission society, Mrs. W. A.
Montgomery, New York; president
Women's American Baptist Home Mis
sion society, Mrs. John Nuveen, Illinois.
Oregon Woman Named.
Other officers chosen Include Gen
eral board of planning and promotion
(members at large). Term expires 1922,
C. S. Shank, Washington state; term
expires 1920. Mrs. J. F. Failing. Oregon
Mrs. T. C. Johnson, West Virginia.
The report of the nominating com.
mittee for convention officers was
adopted and all nominated automati
cally became officials for next year.
The adoption of the $100,000,000 nve-
ear budget is an increase of. more
han $50,000,000 from the recommenda-
ion of the general survey committee
nd several millions more than the pro-
ramme adopted by the Southern Bap
tist convention, meeting at Atlanta, Ga
Every department of church work, in-
luding the various state conventions,
Included in the budget.
When the newly formed general board
of planning and promotion met for or
ganization this afternoon Professor
rnest D. Burton of the University of
Chicago, chairman of the committee
which formulated the proposal for such
board and temporary chairman of the
oard, was elected permanent chairman
The board consists of 140 members,
presenting every state convention
and every one of the co-operating to-
leties of the national convention.
BOND GUARANTY NO BURDEN
LEITER ASSERTS STATE BACK
IX G WILL REDUCE TAXES.
I want "Bayer Tablets of Aspirin " with the
"Bayer Cross" Genuine! Safe!
Irrigation Measure, if Approved
Means Expenditure of $20,000,
000 Highway Boosted.
That taxes will be lowered instead
of increased by the state guaranteeing
the interest on irrigation and drainage
bonds for five years and solve one of
the state's important problems at th
same time, was the statement of O.
C. Letter, director of the Oregon recon
struction committee, who addressed the
members' forum of the Portland Cham
ber of Commerce at luncheon yester
"If the measure is carried $20,000,000
ill be spent in Oregon in the nex
five years and each dollar will earn
other dollars," said Mr. Lelter, new
taxable wealth' will be created and
marked increase in productive land wil
take place, several hundred thousand
acres of farms and prosperous citizen
will be added and the - livestock in
dustry will grow.
"To be made effective. the plan
should have the co-operation of al
citizens, not merely the indorsement o
a board of- directors. The measure
providing for $5,000,000 bond issue b
the state for the purpose of reconstruc
tlon is another of vital interest- Th
money will be under the state board o
control and will be used when neces
sary to provide labor for unemployed.
especially soldiers recently returned
from the battlefields.
"The Roosevelt military highway
along the coast Is part of a scheme to
build a road from British Columbia to
Mexico to be used in case of emergency
by the army and at other times will
be serviceable to farmers living along
the coast and rank as .one of the
grandest scenic highways in the world.
"This proposed highway will be the
equivelent to another railroad and will
cost the state only $2,500,000 as an
equal amount will be provided by the
government, which will also pay for
its upkeep. This road has the indorse
ment of the highest military authori
ties and is deemed a necessity."
Charles Berg presided as chairman
Captain E. J. Eivers spoke in favor of
a measure providing money for the
education of returned soldiers; stating
that not the individual, but the educa
tional institution would handle the
money, not to exceed $200, for each
man during a year. He asserted that
Oregon had sent more young men" of
high school age to war than any other
"You can't hand me any substitute for the true, genuine
'Bayer Tablet of Aspirin proved safe by millions"!
"Man alive! Haven't you heard? A Brooklyn fraud is in jail
for flooding the country with millions of counterfeit tablets. He
labeled them 'Aspirin, but they were 'talcum powder. "
Be sure your druggist gives you "Bayr Tablets of Aspirin"
in a Bayer package not in a pill box. Take them as directed,
without fear, for headache, rheumatism, lumbago, neuralgia, ear
ache, toothache, neuritis, colds, grippe, influenzal colds, or almost
any pain or ache in face, neck, limbs or body.
Proper and safe dosage" in each
genuine "Bayer package."
Look for the safety "Bayer Cross"
both on package and on tablets.
Boxes of 1Z tablets bottles of 24 and bottles of 100
rill is the trade mark of Bayr Manufacture sf Monoaceticacidester of SalicyHeacia
dairymen. The bank organized a pas
ture club, pravided registered bulls. In
sured the stock for half Its value, paid
all lees and assesments and will re
turn tiie cattle to the owners this fall
at a luminal charge.
CHEHALIS BAND TO TOUR
Crack Musical Organization, to In
vade Canada Next Month.
CHEHALIS, Wash.. May 26. (Spe
cial.) Chehalis will welcome the dele
gation of Seattle business men making
a southwest Washington excursion
with proper entertainment Wednesday
night. At today's noonday Citizens
club luncheon a committee was named
to have full charge.
G. L. Thicker, band director, an
nounced plans for Chehalis" .concert
band, already known over the north
west as a crack musical organization.
to go to Vancouver, B. C. early in June.
Local business men are pledged to
finance the excursion.
G. Bernard Chichester of Seattle,
connected' with the war camp com
munity service, announced plans for
selecting a local committeee to look
after the welfare of returned soldiers
and sailors. Chehalis is one of the
few northwestern cities where today
there is a job for every man who wants
Pasco Chamber Elects.
PASCO. Wash., May 26. (Special.)
rom among the trustees elected for
the chamber of commerce at a recent
meeting, the following officers have
been chosen for the year: President,
Pasture CInb Organized.'.
WALLA WALLA, Wash., May 26.
(Special.) More than 60 head of cat
tle were taken to the Wenaha national
forest lst we"k by C. T.. Jamison of
the Farmers' Saving bank. The stoc
13 owned by. a number of farmers and
C. B. Shoemaker; vice-president. Joseph
Newman: secretary, A. V. Welie: treas
urer, E. W. Land. This will be the
seventh consecutive year that Mr. Wehe
has held the position of secretary, and
much of the success of the work of the
chamber is attributable to his energies.
mm 1 oftt lA YJ
KpiREcnort -Jensen -von h erderq fc sj
fimki The combined sentiS
-isffr-f- --S merit of the crowds r';iKv.,
: '&Ji . - visiting the Liberty 1
lf(tyif;?-TT during; the past two v?'-J
P!I UNANIMOUS pi
If f f PRAISE . i
: v v for the noteworthy i
programme being ' i
offered ' ;-
V "FOR 'lif:
- f BETTER f &
PlA FOR PM:,-
PWuA -worse" mm-
s t 1 Acts of Lights and JgP-: -
; ' shades, portraying '
in vivid fashion the I - r . "
bittersweet in worn- . ' - .
I an's life. " -
PP-'PP Pj "THE HELL-HOLE V :
"''J F KILEUAE"
JThe First of a Series of Prizma
Natural Color Pictures to Be pi
Shown at the Liberty Exclusively t-;
MINE ASSESSMENTS LEVIED
Wallace, Idaho, Concern Makes Call
WALLACE, Idaho. May 26. (Spe
cial.) The largest assessment ever
levied by any mining company In thia
district is that of 12 cents a share just
levied on the stock of the Kay-Jefferson
Mining company. This assessment
is payable in four quarterly install
ments of 3 cents a share. The capital
stock of the company consists of 2.000,
000 shares, all issued.
The company Is controlled bv the
Day brothers. A few years ago. when
the Days acquired control, they erected
a modern 400-ton capacity mill and
built a tramway to convey ore from
the upper workings. Development of
the property was suspended during the
war and has not been resumed. No an
nouncement has yet been made rela
tive to immediate plans.
Lcwislon to Organize Club.
LEWTSTON. Idaho. May 26. (Spe
cial.) Next Tuesday evening the busi
ness and professional women of this
city will meet in the Commercial club
rooms for the organization of a club
under the auspices of the Y. M. C. A.
At this meeting officers will be elected
and steps will be taken to provide club
rooms where the business women of the
city may gather for recreation outside
of working hours.
and scientific instruments for meas
uring the error of refraction, to
gether with- my personally per
fected methods, make.my examina
tion of the eyes reliable.
Unless your eyes are diseased, I
can ' overcome your eye troubles
with a pair of my Perfect Fitting
207 Morgan Building
Washington at Broadway
and let the
trifles go by.
Many families could have a comfortable
sum in the bank, if pennies, nickels and dimes
were not just thrown away on little things
that in the end count for nothing.
Make saving a matter for the whole family
by prdcuring one of our home banks; remem
ber, it takes all sizes of coins, as well as bills.
When you have saved several dollars, bring
it to Ladd & Til ton Bank that your money
may earn more.
LADD & TILTON
Washington and Third
wrl C?f v Tomorrow
Lib 3 A m
LAST TIMES TODAY
"Rustling a Bride"
Sour stomach (heartburn). Belching.
Swelling and Full feeling, so frequently
complained of after meals relieved In
Two Mlaatrs. Almost instant relief
from Pains in the Stomach caused br
Send lOe for Postage and War Tax.
name and address, and we will send
you on approval our stomach prepara
tions, Jo-to, for 30 days, at which time
you are to pend us uo or retuin the
unuel portion if not p-rfe-t!y isfi.ti.
AtflrrM-. HrlliaeLaia l-rmli:il Co..
Cel. ..-. .. -alt.