Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, May 27, 1919, Image 1

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rnr T VTTT n 1 1JL Entered at Portland (Oregon)
vJ I-i. JjVXAX. .LtJ. 1 ! Po-rtofflce Second -CI aa Matter.
nrirru nr. nmprqc suffrage opponents
Arguments Marked by In
creased Bitterness.
Stephen J. Chadwick Quits
Supreme Brench.
i Acting Governor's Choice for
- Justice Aberdeen Lawyer.
O. R.' Holcomb "Will Be Xew Chief
Justice at Oljmpla Retiring
Judge Long on Bench.
OLYMPIA, Wash., May 26. (Special.)
Stephen J. Chadwick. chief Justice of
the Washington Bupreme court, today
tent his formal resignation to Acting
Governor Hart, to become effective
June 1.
Having been previously apprised of
Judge Chadwick's determination to re
tire. Governor Hart had selected Jesse
B. Bridges of Aberdeen to fill the va
cancy, and immediately announced his
appointment. Mr. Bridges is one of the
most prominent attorneys of the south
west, having served as president of the
etate bar association and upon the state
board o law examiners.
H.e will serve out the remainder of
Judge Chadwick's term, which expires
in 1921. By the supreme court rule of
succession Judge Holcomb automati
cally becomes chief justice on June 1.
Desire to Aid Son Gratified.
As one of the best known and most
popular jurists of the state. Chief Jus
tice Chadwlck.'-o resignation comes as
an abrupt surprise to many. He will en
ter the pioneer Seattle law firm of
Hughes, McMicken, Rupp & Ramsey,
with which his eon. Lieutenant Stephen
. F. Chadwick, is associated, and his pri
mary object in returning to private
practice in this connection is believed
to be a desire to see his son securely
established. Of his retirement from the
supreme bench, which he has occupied
or a dozen years. Chief Justice Chad
wick says:
"I am jvery grateful to the people of
this state for their many expressions of
respect and confidence.
My son, Lieutenant Stephen F.
Chadwick, was. connected with the
firm of Hughes, McMicken, Rupp &
Ramsey before he went overseas. In
- the meantime E. C. Hughes died. I
have been invited to become a mem
ber of the firm. I had thought that
I would not be a candidate at the next
election, and when this opportunity
to enter an established business, and
with my son. was offered. I felt that
It was my duty to accept it.
Character of Court Landed.
"It is hard to break association with
frny fellow judges. They are earnest,
fincere and learned men, and if the
public only knew them as I do no one
would ever asperse the character of
this court. It is unfortunate that our
system of electing judges calls forth
candidates who are willing to traduce
others that they may win. The judges
ere helpless to meet such methods but
the good people of the state should
meet them and rebuke them in future
: Mr. .Bridges, who is suggested as
"my successor, is an able man and the
etate will lose nothing by the change."
In this criticism of judiciary elec
tions the. retiring chief justice is un
derstood to refer to direct primary ef
forts to win the nomination, several
f which, particularly the last, de
veloped considerable bitterness on the
rart of one of the unsuccessful can
Justice Native Oregonlan.
Chief Justice Chadwick is one of
three native Oregonian members of the
state supreme court. He was born at
Roseburg in May, 1S63, the son of S. S.
Chadwick, a pioneer lawyer, who came
to Oregon in 1S51; was a democratic
presidential elector in 1868, secretary
of state in 1S70 and succeeded to the
governorship in 1877.
- As a student Chief Justice Chadwick
attended the Willamette and Oregon
uniVL. cities, studied law at Salem and
was admitted to the bar there in 1885
passing first in a class of 20. He mar
ried a daughter of Dr. O. P. S. Plum
mer at Portland in 1887, and moved
to coirax, wasn. la. 1000 he was
drafted by the Whitman county bar as
candidate for superior judge, was re
elected without opposition and beca
a primary candidate for supreme judge
In 1908, winning his election in the
primary with a 30,000 lead over his
nearest opponent and carrying every
county. He was re-elected in 1914, and
became chief justice January 1, 1919
un tne supreme Dencn tie has par
ticipated in all the construction of
progressive legislation of the past 12
years and was the first judge in the
United States to hold the railroad com
mission law constitutional, passing
upon the act after Judge Hanford, in
the federal court, had ruled against it.
Motto "I Tried to Make Good."
. I have tried to make good," is all
tie-, says of his judicial service in leav
ing it.
looay s resignation opens a new
leld or political speculation in the
atate.' Chief Justice Chadwick is
democrat and has long been under
stood to have other public asDiratinn
a ....
I liian ending his career on the bench
I At one time it was thought he would
(.Concluded on Faze 2, Column 3.)
In Effect, German Envoy Say9 He
"Will Be Damned at Home Despite
What Course He Takes.
BERLIN, via London, May 26. Count
von Brockdorff-Rantzau in an inter
view with the "Versailles correspondent
of Vorwaerts said he went to Ver
sailles with the firm intention of de
fending what remained for the welfare
and happiness of the German people,
but that even this remnant had been
destroyed by the peace treaty. The
count said It was a question, therefore,
whether it could not to better saved by
refusing to 6ign than by submitting,
as was desired by the independent socialists.
The chairman of the German delega
tion said he certainly would fight to the
last in order to try to Improve the lot
of the working people by negotiation,
but that the delegates would be sin
ning against the interests of the work
ing people if they signed conditions
which signified only "perpetual famine
and unemployment."
"Should I, under pressure from our
own misled countrymen, sign this sen
tence of death?" asked Count von
Questioned as to whether he feared
that the ' demonstrations of the inde
pendent socialists -would be successful,
he said they would be unsuccessful in
the sense of moving him to abandon
his resolve not to sign what he believed
would be tantamount to the destruction
of the nation.
Referring to Herr Haase's statement
that peace must be signed and that the
coming revolution would make it
scrap of paper, he said:
"When I came to Versailles I had the
firm hope that the time of scraps of
paper had finally passed and that a new
age would begin in wnich only treaties
would be signed which would be re
spected by both sides. I have not
abandoned the hope of attaining
healthy international morality. A
mere scrap of paper will never bear
my signature."
$2,000,000 for Railway Work Is In
eluded In Deficiency Bill.
WASHINGTON, May 26 Decision
was reached today by the house appro
priations committee to include in the
general deficiency bill an appropriation
for $2,000,000 for immediate use in con
struction of a government railroad in
Alaska. Members of the Alaskan en
gineering commission said that con
struction would be interrupted unless
money was provided soon by congress.
The commission's request for an in
crease of the original $35,000,000 au
thorization for building the line, of
which $31,000,000 has been spent, will
be considered by the committee in
framing the new sundry civil appro
priation bill.
War Heroes, Auxiliaries and Rcla
tives of Soldiers Mentioned.
WASHINGTON, May 26. A resolution
by Representative Mondell, republican
eader, extending the thanks of Con
gress to those who served in the war
against Germany, to the various auxil
iary forces and the mothers, wives and
relatives who gave their nearest and
dearest in the hour of the nation's
need," was introduced today and made
a special order for Memorial day.
There was some discussion as to the
phraseology of the resolution, some
members desiring to have General Per
shing named in it, but it finally was
agreed to consider amendments Friday.
New York Market Sees Two-Million-
Share Mark Passed.
NEW YORK, May. 26. For the first
time since February 1, 1917, trading tn
the stock exchange today exceeded by
a slender margin the 2,000,000-share
mark, heavy buying of specialties con
tributing largely to the huge total.
The market was characterized by a
greater degree of enthusiasm land con
fidence than any of the many active
sessions since the middle of last Feb
ruary. United States steel went to the year's
maximum at 109 U, but forfeited half
its two-point gain, allied issues also
easing moderately towards the close.
Hook Caught in Lip Does Xot Bar
Bend Man From Fishing On.
vBEND, Or., May 26. (Special.) So
deeply engrossed in his self-appointed
task of catching the legal limit of
trout. that he was insensible to pain.
Deputy Sheriff August Anderson merely
bit off the leader and attached a fresh
flyy to his line, when his original, hook
blown by a stiff breeze, became im
beded in his lip today.
Mr. Anderson wore the hook for two
hours, obtained a record catch, then
motored in more than 20 miles to Bend
before having the barb removed.
Governor's Condition Apparently Im
proved, Says Physician.
SEATTLE, Wasn.. May Z6. Governor
Lister's condition tonight was reported
slightly Improved.
His pulse was 92
and respiration If,
temperature 98.6
according to ' his
Revival of Canceled Con.
tracts Demanded.
Pressure Brought to Bear
Upon Shipping Board.
Important Meetings Held at Capital
and Interests of Coast Fully Pre
sented to Authorities:
ington, May 26. Demand will be made
on the shipping board as the result of
meetings held today between ship
builders and the senators and represen
tatives of Oregon, Washington and
California that contracts for 675,000
deadweight tons of shipping canceled
in Pacific coast yards be reinstated.
One move followed another in rapid
succession today in the campaign of
Pacific coast shipbuilders and the con-
gressonal delegation to restore these
contracts, which affect 18 steel ship
yards on the Pacific coast, either op
erated privately or by the United States
Emergency Fleet corporation, and the
employment of 120,000 persons, 100,000
In the shipyards and 20,000 additional
in allied or dependent industries.
Coast Organization Formed.
The shipbuilders appeared first to
day before a conference which was at
tended by all the house members from
Oregon, Washington and California. A
permanent Pacific coast organization
was affected of which Representative
Julius Kahn of California was elected
president and Representative McAr
thur of Oregon, secretary.
A sub-committee composed of Repre
sentative McArthur of Oregon, "Ha31ey
of Washington and Nolan of California
was then appointed to attend another
conference in enator Jones'.oXlcelate
this afternoon, which included Senators
McNary and Chamberlain of Oregon,
Jones and Poindexter of Washington
and Johnson and Fhelan of California,
and the shiubuilders who attended the
meeting earlier in the day. Harrison S.
Robinson of San Francisco, general
counsel for the Pacific Coast shipbuild
ers, presented the case of the yards.
Labor Also to Be Heard.
It was decided to call another meet
ing at thesenate office building on
Wednesday morning to be attended by
all of the senators and representatives
from Oregon, Washington and Califor
nia and the shipbuilders, before which
Edward N. Hurley of the shipping
board wil be called. The foremost labor
leaders in the United States are ex
pected to appear at this meeting to
tConoluded on Page 4. Column 2.)
One Man Killed and Several nurt
When Largest Plane in World
la Wrecked in England.
PONTA DEL . GAD A, May 26. (By
the Associated Press.) The motors of
the A' kican seaplane NC-4. were
tuner" aj' s afternoon and the plane
und maud of Lleutenant-Com-m-
.ead probably will start for
7 si x daybreak tomorrow,
j? jsweather experts predict favor
, leather with westerly winds of
een 20 and 30 miles an hour around
Azores, diminishing to five miles
4 hour off the coast of Portugal.
Cloudy weather may be encountered
(midway in the course.
(Copyright by the New Tork World." Pub
lished by Arrangement.)
LISBON, May 26. (Special Cable.)
This end of the trans-Atlantic flight is
the scene of tense waiting, and Admiral
Plunkett is sending and receiving many
wireless messages, directing and check
ing up the flight.
Naval officers here have been con
cerned over various wireless messages
that have been picked up in the south
Atlantic whose origin or purpose is not
discoverable. They refer mainly to
bad weather conditions, some of them
reporting the Impossibility of flying.
It is feared that, if such messages
should reach the aviators, they might
become confused and the success of
the -flight might 'be hampered; but
everybody Is hopeful that the NC-4 will
come through without mishap.
Admiral Plunkett has arranged for
a reception of the fliers on the flag
ship Rochester, which will be attended
by the. Portuguese president, the minis
ters and the allied military and naval
LONDON, May 26. One man was
killed and several were hurt when a
giant Tarrant triplane, largest in the
world, was wrecked this morning
while taxying for Its first flight near
Farnborough. The machine dug Its
nose Into the ground and turned over.
It weighed 20 tons and was equipped
with six engines.
Restraining Order Prohibiting Con
tinuance ' of Walkout Upheld.
SAN FRANCISCO. May 26. Author
ity of United State's courts to issue re
straining ' orders prohibiting continu
ance of a labor strike was affirmed to
day in a decision of the United States
circuit court of appeals.
A restraining order by the district
court of Los Angeles compelling the
cessation of a strike by employes of
the Pacific Electric company, a rail
way, was upheld.
Blockade to Go When Stable Govern
ment Is Established.
PARIS, May 26. (Havas.) The su
preme economic council announced to
day that the allied and associated gov
ernments had decided to lift the block
ade of Hungary as soon as a stable
government Is established there.
Army Intelligence Service
Agents Named in Plot.
Witness at Trial in Seattle
Springs Sensation.
Attorney Vanderveer Gets Laugh
When Federal Man Says Lin
coin "Sounds Socialistic."
SEATTLE. Wash.. May 26. (Special.)
Members of the I. W. W. planned to
kill Lieutenant F. W. Becker, navy in
telligence officer in Seattle during the
war. and other army officers here and
in Spokane, according to testimony of
fered by T. R. Allison, former sergeant
In the intelligence section of the United
States army, when he resumed tho
stand this morning as a witness for the
state against James Bruce, I. W. W.
organizer, who is facing a jury in Supe
rior Judge Walter M. French's court
on a charge of criminal anarchy.
"I heard E. I. Chamberlain and sev
eral other members of the I. W. W.
plan to kill Lieutenant Becker because,
they said, "he framed up a fellow work
er,' " Allison told the jury on cross-examination
by George F. Vanderveer,
chief counsel for the defendant.
Chamberlain is one of the 25 members
of the I. W. W. arrested as criminal
anarchists. Hs trial may follow that
of Bruce.
Sleuth Rears Pl5t.
"The plan to get Becker was dis
cussed in my presence In Spokane about
the first of August of last year." Alli
son told the jury, in response to a ques
tion by Vanderveer as to whether he
ever had heard an I. W. W. advocate
killing as a part of their propaganda.
The court room rang with laughter
during Allison's cross-examination when
in response to a question by. Vander
veer. the witness said that the follow
ing quotation "sounds like a socialist'
to him:
"Inasmuch as most good things are
produced by labor. It follows that all
such things belong to those whose labor
produced them. To secure to each la
borer the full product of his labor Is
the worthy object of each government.'
s Lincoln "Sounds Socialistic.
"Does that sound like I. W. W. propa
ganda?" Vandeveer demanded.
"Sounds like a socialist to me. Al
lison responded.
"It just happens to be a quotation
from Abraham Lincoln," Vanderveer re
Vanderveer then launched question
after question in a test of the witnes
knowledge of I. W. W. aims.
Allison testified that he joined, the
(Concluded on Faice 2. Column '2.
O -- l
Supporters of Amendment Expect to
Pass It Thursday, Despite All
Efforts, It Is Announced.
WASHINGTON, May 26. Opponents
of woman suffrage succeeded today in
blocking efforts to expedite senate con
sideration of the constitutional amend
ment resolution adopted last week by
the house, but supporters plan to re
new the fight Wednesday with the hope
of bringing- the measure to a vote on
Immediately after the senate con
vened at noon Senator Watson of In
diana, new chairman of tho woman
suffrage committee, called up the mo
tion of Senator Jones, republican, of
Washington to take the resolution
from the committee and place it on
the senate calendar. Southern demo
cratic senators registered opposition,
Insisting that the resolution come up
In the normal way with ample oppor
tunity for debate.
The first test of strength between
the opposing factions came on a motion
to table Senator Jones' motion, which
was defeated, 64 to 27. Opponents then
resorted to parliamentary tactics to
prevent a vote on the Jones mo
tion until 2 o'clock, when it was set
aside under the rule for renewal of
debate of Senator Johnson, republican,
of California requesting the state de
partment to furnish the senate a copy
of the peace treaty. Senator Johnson
agreed to have his resolution go over
temporarily, but the rules prevented"
such action.
Opponents freely admitted that there
was no doubt of sufficient votes to In
sure passage of the suffrage resolution
and supporters expect to pass it Thurs
day after It has remained on the calen
dar for a day as required by the rules.
Before the senate met the republican
conference called to consider committee
selections adopted a resolution pledg
ing prompt action.
Publisher Pleads Guilty to Sending
Obscene Matter Through Mails.
ST. HELENS. Or., May 26. (Special.)
After pleading guilty today to two
charges of sending obscene matter
through the mails and to one charge of
libel. Ham Kautzman, editor of the
Columbia Herald here, was sentenced
by Circuit Judge Eakin to six months
imprisonment on each of the first two
charges and three montha on the libel
charge. The Judge then paroled Kautz
mun pending good behavior.
There are 16 other indictments
against the editor. Hut there is a ru
mor that these may be dropped.
Amendment to State Constitution
Probably Adopted.
DALLAS, Tex., May 26. Complete re
turns from more than one-half of the
state today showed that the voters of
Texas Saturday probably had adopted
amendments to the state constitution
to provide prohibition of the liquor
traffic and to extend suffrage to
State Pledges Aid to Mexico in
Quieting Border Outbreaks.
EAGLE PASS, Tex.. May 26. The
slate of Texas will co-operate with the
Mexican government in stamping out
disorders along tho border.
This was announced today.
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 74
decree: minimum. &6 degrees.
TODAY'S Showers.
Traaa-Atlantl Flight.
Aviator Haker, in first Interview, tells story
of flight. Page 4.
United States aviators expect to leave Azores
today. Page 1.
Rantzau worried over what to do about
peace treaty. Page 1.
Peace conference takes up Austro-Hungary
problem. Page --
Altered treaty asked by Harden. Page 5.
Present German government to sign realy
o as to keep In "power. Page 7.
Allies to recognize anti-bolshevllc govern
ment In Russia. Page -.
Winnipeg strikers gain in strength. Page 6.
New ambassador to France loyal to Ever
green atate. Page 3.
Patmoa Is. topaz Isle set in sapphire sea,
writes William T. Ellis. rage 5.
Progressives get chance for open protest on
senate assignments. Page 4.
Fight for coast shipbuilding industry on at
Capital. Page 1.
Official casualty list. Page 6.
Senate debate on league of nations la bitter.
Page 1.
Baptists name Iowa man as leader and plan
1100.000,000 campaign. Page G.
Pacific Northwest.
T. W. W. planned death of army men,
witness at Seattle trial. Pago 1.
Supreme court unit in Oicott-Hoff
Page 10.
Justice Chadwick resigns from Washington
atate supreme court. Page 1.
Standifer team to meet Beavers today.
Page 32.
School teams fight for year's pennant
Page 3.1.
Stanford Is favorite to win Intercollegiate
track meet. Pag 12. .
Commercial and Marine.
Keen local demand for new clip wools.
Page IM.
Chicago corn strengthens by largo decrease
In visible supply. Page 21.'
Heaviest day In stock market in over two
years. Page 23.
Vancouver and Clarke county Join In Port
land's plea for rates. Page 0.
Wooden vessels to go at private sale.
Page 20.
Portland and Vicinity.
Democratic break charged to Myers.
Narrow road through Sisklyous is protested.
Page 3ri.
County schools to hold exercises at public
library. Page 34.
Meeting of Judges to pick candidates for
domestic court causes stir. Page 11.
Wcalbcr report, (UU and forecast. rso 20.
Senator Reed Says Colored
Nations Will Rule World.
Senator Hitchcock Inibts That Op
ponents Have Drawn Tnfair
Conclusions as to Pact.
WASHINGTON. May 26. The league
of nations was debated in the senate
again today with an increasing show
of bitterness.
Senator Reed, democrat, of Mis
souri, attacked the proposal in such
vigorous terms that he aroused re
peated objections from senators sup
porting it and a running debate de
veloped, colored by dramatic accusj-:
tions and heated retorts. The Missouri
senator declared the leaarue would
place the destinies of the white race in
the hands of ignorant' and super
stitious nations of black and yellow
population, and charged that many
democrats were supporting it for par
tisan reasons.
In frequent interruptions of Sen
ator Reed's speech. Senator Hitchcock
of Nebraska, ranking democrat of t!i-
foreign relations committee, insisted
that the premises for these charge
were false and that the Inferences
drawn were unfair and dangerous. He
drew in turn a reply from Senator
Knox. republican, of Pennsylvania,
who suggested that supporters of the
league covenant should read it be
fore they discussed it.
Debate Becomes Heated.
So heated did the exchanges become
at one point that the chair rapped for
order and Senator Reed declared that
Senator Hitchcock had "lost his tem
per." The measure which brought the
league Issue before the senate was tha
resolution of Senator Johnson of Cali
fornia, republican, requesting from the
state department the full text of the
peace treaty. There was no attempt to
reach a vote on the resolution, and the
measure went over again as unfinished
business to come up when the senate
reconvenes Wednesday.
Without speaking directly on the
Johnson resolution. Senator Reed made
a general attack on the covenant itself
as a proposal to band over control of
the white race and the civilized world
to an assembly of nations where a ma
jority always could be brought to
gether on any race question in opposi
tion to white supremacy. He declared
support of the plan never could be ex
plained at home by senators from the
south, with Its negro problem, or from
the west, with its Chinese and Japa
nese problems. Turning dramatically
to his democratic colleague, he con
tinued: Jskssos la Dramatic.
"If a republican president had
brought it here if Roosevelt had
brought it here there isn't a democrat
that wouldn't have been standinsr bv
my side fighting to the last ditch to
rescue the country from so monstrous
and so cruel a thing."
Senator Hitchcock Interjected that
Mr. Reed confused the powers of the
league membership with those of the
council, but this was denied by Mr.
Reed. Analyzing racial and other con
ditions in Honduras. Panama and other
small nations which would hav. league
membership. Senator Reed said:
"Oh, you men of the south, you "Lily
Whites'; you want to give Panama,
with its 90 per cent of negroes and mu
lattos, a vote equal to the United States.
Go tell your people that In the league
one negro outside the United States
would have a vote equal to 500,00')
whites of this republic"
The senate adjourned without any at
tempt to bring the Johnson resolution
to a vote. It went over as unfinished
business and will come up again at
Wednesday's session.
Statistic Are Cite.
Senator Reed presented statistics to
show that of the total population of
the countries composing the league,
SU, 425.300 would be of black, yellow,
brown and red races with only 289,
4SS.S00 of the white race. In the as
sembly which is to be the governing
body, he said, white nations would have
lit representatives and other nations
17 representatives.
"An examination, however, of the
membership of this present league will
first astonish and then arouse the in
dignation of every thoughtful man."
he continued. "It will come as a dis
tinct shock, first thai this is a colored
league of nations. That is to say, tho
majority of the nations composing tha
league are a conglomerate of the black,
yellow, brown and red races, frequent
ly so intermixed and comingled as to
constitute an unclasslf table mongrel
Japaneae Action Pointed T.
"In any contest which may hereafter
arise involving the equality of race is
it not perfectly plain that the dark
races will all unite and declare for race
equality in every part of the world?
It must be remembered that this is a
living and burning question; that Japan
has expressly reserved It for future
Concluded ou Tage 4, Coiujna 4.