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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MOItXIXG OKEGOXIAX, FRIDAY, MAT 23, 1919
Tribunal Provided to Hear All
HIGH COSTS TO CONTINUE
Mere Return of Wires Xot Expected
to Solve Vexatious Problems
Facing tho Companies.
"WASHINGTON. May 22. Recom
mendations of the -wire control board
that legislation returning the telephone
and telegraph system of the country to
private ownership provide co-ordinated
opera-tion of the various systems and
fixing of rates by the interstate com
merce commission were forwarded to
day by Postmaster-General Burleson to
the house postoffice committee.
The wire board's recommendations
also include creation of a tribunal to
hear all controversies between em
ployers and employes and that changes
in wage schedules shall not become ef
fective until submitted to the Inter
state Commerce commission so that
corresponding changes may be made in
High Costa to Continue. .
. Mere return of the wires to their
owners will not solve vexatious prob
lems confronting the companies. Mr.
Burleson said in his letter to Repre
sentative Moon of Tennessee, trans
mitting the recommendation. Extraor
dinary costs of operation and mainte
nance, "fastened upon them as a result
..of war," the postmaster-general said,
"will continue for some time after con
trol passes from the government."
"Because of these extraordinary
changes in the operating conditions of
these properties," the letter continued,
"a serious responsibility rests upon the
government to adopt every means pos
sible consistent with sound policy to
protect the public and enable owners
to operate their properties.
Regulatory Policy I rged.
"The members of the board are
unanimously of the opinion that in
order to provide the most efficient -wire
service the various service systems
should be co-ordinated as to operation.
This does not require monopoly of own
ership but is necessary so there can be
a consistent and harmonious regula
tory policy. Through this means only
can the attempts at wasteful compe
tition and the economic loss occasioned
by duplications of plant and force be
"It is believed that this is desirable
and can be reached by amending the
law so as to provide, subject to the ap
proval of the interstate commerce com
mission that any telegraph and tele
phone company doing- . an interstate
business may purchase the property of
any other telegraph or telephone, or
consolidate frith any other company, or
pool traffic, under provisions which
will protect the public.
Commission to Fix Rates.
"Hence, it is believed that the law
should be so amended as to empower
the interstate commerce commission to
fix rates for telegraph and telephone
companies subject to provisions of the
act and that any company whose lines
are located entirely within a state but
which transacts direct interstate busi
ness should be made subject to the act."
The commission's use of its rate-
making power, the letter said, would
ensure the companies sufficient reve
nue to yield a reasonable return on the
value of property and also to give
Dealing with management problems.
illr. Burleson said that the board was
convinced that "a tribunal should be
provided upon which the public, the
employee, the managerial force and
capital shall be fairly represented, and
before which all parties may be heard,
to that prompt redress may be had for
Changes in wage scales, it also was
suggested, should be reviewed by the
interstate commerce commission in or
der that rate alterations may be made
simultaneously with effective date of
the new wage changes.
W. H. Knox, representing the national
foreign trade council; J. R. Howard of
the federated farm bureau of Iowa; D.
O. Thompson. Illinois Agricultural asso
ciation: N. M. Leach, Mississippi Val
ley association; H. C. Cantelow, Puget
Sound Managers and Operators' asso
ciation, and W. F. Sullivan, Ship Own
ers' Association of the Pacific coast.
"Government supervision of the mer-1
chant marine should be limited to the
fixing of maximum freight rates," Mr.
Mr. Howard said that his organiza
tion opposed ownership if it was to be
judged by operation of the railroad;
under government control, a sentiment
in which Mr. Thompson concurred.
Immediate institution of private own
ership was opposed by Mr. Leach, who
said the government should retain con
trol until the merchant marine was
established firmly and new trade routes
"Thorough revision of the maritime
laws is necessary to equalize foreign
competition," Mr. Cantelow asserted.
"We are not ready to purchase govern
ment ships or make long-term charters
until shown that the risks involved are
much less than at present."
Japanese Competition Dwelt I'pon.
Japanese competition especially was
dwelt upon by Mr. Cantelow. and he
urged a study of the rapid growth of
the Japanese merchant marine In re
cent years. He said the establishment
of bunkering facilities and a free zone
at Manila was needed to meet the com
petition of the British at Hongkong
and of the Japanese at Kobe.
Opposition to Mr. Hurley's plan for
sale of government-built shins to pri
vate interests was expressed by F. C.
Marsh, speakings for the National Farm
The conference, which will last three
days, will discuss reconstruction poli
cies at length.
Allies Capture Several Towns
and Many Prisoners.
ENEMY CASUALTIES HEAVY
DALLAS SCENTS OIL BOOM
Polk County Hears 3racbJncry Is on
Way to Start Wells.
DALLAS. Or.. May 22. (Specials-
According to advices received from Sen
ator Charles McNary at Washington,
the United States government is . con
sidering sending out experts to Polk
county and other places in the state
to explore the oil fields which are sup
posed to be located here.
Mr. McNary, in a letter to the Dallas
Commercial club, asks for all informa
tion possible on the extent of the pros
pecting carried on. in this vicinity by
oil companies about eight years 'ago,
and this data has been prepared a"nd
sent to Washington. It has also been
stated by competent authority that ma
chinery for drilling oil wells already
has been ordered from the east and
that upon its arrival work will be im
mediately taken up in this county,
where several hundred acres of land
have already been leased for pros
In the well drilled on. the Whiteaker
place, east of Dallas, eeveral years
ago, a considerable amount of oil was
obtained and It has always been the
opinion of the promoters that the drill
er spoiled the well by driving the drill
too far down. Gas was obtained in
large quantities in the same hole.
LANE TO BE REPRESENTED
Floats for Tara-des in Portland Hose
EUGENE, Or, May 22. (Special.)
Lane county will have two floats in
the parade at the Portland Rose Fes
tival instead of one. as originally
planned, it was announced tonight.
This county's part in the great war
will be shown in the victory parade,
with appropriate figures and decora
tions, and representation in the civic
parade will be made also, but details
of the latter have not yet been worked
A selection from a large number of
plans submitted for the floats will be
made by the committee immediately
and cash prizes will be given to the
persons submitting the best.
HIGHWAY DELEGATES MEET
Convention of Evergreen Associa
tion at Tacoma Draws Many.
TACOMA, May 22. Delegates from all
points in the northwest, including Brit
ish Columbia, will meet here tomorrow
for the annual convention of the Ever
green National Highway association.
Arrangements will be completed at
the convention for the tour of the Ever
green officials in connection with the
trip planned by the state highway com
mission and the Rotary clubs of the
northwest' along the Pacific coast and
as far east as Salt Lake City in June.
Delegates from practically all com
mercial clubs and Rotary clubs in the
state are also expected to attend.
MARINE PLANS DISCUSSED
ConMnuc From First Pase.)
action may be taken at the convention
in June, due to war experience, which
will lead to that conclusion."
Private ownership was advocated by
PEPTiRON IS GOOD
This Real Iron Tonic Combines Merit,
Economy and "Pep."
Made from a formula that uses iron
in most digestible form, pepsin and
gentian, great stomach tonics, nux and
celery, the best vegetable remedies for
the nerves, and also manganese and
other valuable nutrients there's no
question of the value of Peptiron as a
blood builder and strengthener.
The larger size of Peptiron contains
enough for a full month's treatment,
while other so-called iron preparations
contain only one-half or less.
The "pep" or promptness with which
Peptiron does its work is noted by
everyone who takes it.
From the first dose the system re
sponds to the treatment, and you real
.Ize you are at last using a medicine that
begins right, continues and ends right.
Better get a bottle of Peptiron today.
Take two Peptiron after each meal
then comes good blood, good appetite
a nd pep. Adv.
Made by C. I. HOOP CO.. Lowell Mass.
I MILL POSITIVELY
TO TEACH YOU IN A
Come dance with our
many expert lady and
gent lemen instructors.
t'rivate jessons aauy.
TTEW CLASSES THIS WEEK
RE(,IXERS, MONDAY A.D THIBS
DAY EVE!IUS ADVANCED TIES
DAY AND FRIDAY EV'E.MJiGS.
RINGLERS DANCING ACADEMY
Mtfc St. at Washington. Bdwy. 33S0.
GOTHAM RENTALS SOARING
Immediate Erection of 2 500 Apart
ments Held Xecessary,
NEW TORK, May 22. Rent increases
in New York since 1316 have averaged
21 per cent, according to Tenement
House Commissioner Mann, who told
the state joint legislative commitee in
vestigating housing conditions here to
day that he knew of no profiteering
among landlords and that the highest
advance brought to his attention was
31 per cent.
Mr. Mann believed erection of 2500
new apartments would meet the demand
Russian Troops Take Town of Po-
vienetz Esthonians Push
Closer to Petrojrrad.
LONDON, May 22. The allies on the
north Russian front have carried out
a successful turning movement against
the main bolshevik position, forcing the
enemy to retreat southward, according
to a north Russian official communica
tion received here this evening. Several-towns
were captured and many
prisoners taken and the enemy also
suffered heavy casualties.
The communication says the turning
movement was carried out May 20,
north of Medvyejyagora, six miles
south of Lumbushkl on the' railway
and that the enemy was expelled from
his position and is in full retreat.
The towns of Lumbushku, Ostreche
and Kolodari were taken.
ARCHANGEL, May 20. (By the As
sociated Press.) -Russian troops co
operating with the allied force on the
Murmansk front, captured the town of
Povienetz, at the head of Lake Onega
Moscow negrlment Surrenders.
The capture of Povienetz opens the
upper part of Lake Onega to allied
craft. Before leaving the town the
bolsheviki removed all males more than
14 years of age.
On the Vaga river front today a Rus.
slan patrol of 100 men broke through
the bolshevik outpost line at Malo
Berenik, killing 22 of the enemy and
capturing 71 with no loss to them
selves. OMSK, May 19. The tenth Moscow
regiment, a part of the bolshevik army,
has surrendered with its arms to the
Kolchak government. The regiment
went to the front under protest, but
as soon as it reached the firing line
the soldiers killed their officers and
went over to the Siberian army.
LONDON. May 22. A bolshevik wire
less message from Pctrograd today
denied reports that Riga and Dvinsk
had been captured by anti-bolshevik
The Lettish information bureau In
Copenhagen announced Monday that
luga bad been occupied by Lettish
troops. Nothing was said of Dvinsk,
which is on the Lettish front.
STOCKHOLM, May 21. The Estho
nians, in their campaign against the
bolsheviki, are pushing closer to Petro
grad, according- to an Esthonlan offi
cial statement received here today.
This states that the Esthonians, "near
Gatschina have captured the railway
station of Vruga, with 700 prisoners."
Bolsheviki Shoot Down Women.
Gatschina is 35 miles directly south
OMSK, May 13. (Russian Telegraph
Agency.) Before their flight from
Sarapul, southwest of Perm, the bol
sheviki committed great excesses.
shooting down the wives of officers
and soldiers in the army of the Omsk
Almost every night, it is reported.
entire" blocks in the central part of
Moscow are surrounded by detachments
of bolsheviki and men, women and
children of the intelligent classes are
arrested and carried away.
PARIS. May 22. (By the Associated
Press.) President Wilson was expect
ed to issue a statement on the Polish-
Ukrainian hostilities today.
RED OFFENSIVE PROGRESSES
Bolsheviki Reported Making Head'
way Against Roumanians.
VIENNA, May 21. (By the Associ
ated Press.) The bolshevik offensive
against the Roumanians in Bessarabia
is progressing, according to repors
from Ukrainian sources, because of in
ability of the Ukrainians to cut in be
hind the bolsheviki in the direction of
Kiev. General Petlura is said to be
helpless because he has been deprived
of the support of 50,000 west Ukrainian
troops who are fighting unsuccessfully
against the Poles.
The advices say that the situation is
considered serious for the Roumanians
because they may also soon be attacked
Dy the Hungarian communists.
The position of the Ukrainians, it is
said, is still more serious and the troops
of the Moscow government are ap
proaching I'etlirras base at Tarnopol.
HUN SIGNATURE IS FIRST
Continued From First Pace.)
COMPANIES ASK HEARING
Cable Interests Object to Dismissal
of Burleson Suits. i
WASHINGTON. May 22. The su
preme court was asked in memoranda
filed today by the Commercial and the
Commercial Pacific Cables companies
to decide upon their merits the suits
brought by the companies to enjoin the
postmaster-general from seizing their
properties under the presidential proc
lamation of last November.
The companies requested that the
actions" be not dismissed because the
cable properties have been turned back
to private control.
PEACE AT LEAVENWORTH
Order Restored at Army Barracks
Following Outbreak of Rioting.
LEAVENWORTH, Kan., May 22. The
United States army disciplinary bar
racks at Fort Leavenworth is back to
normal today after the disturbance late
yesterday, in which one prisoner was
shot through the leg and several guards
were hurt. Colonel Sedgwick Rice, com
mandant of the institution, declaTed.
The disturbance is said to have taken
place when a prisoner struck a guard.
A general flght ensued.
BAN ON TALK IS LIFTED
(Continued From First Pasre.
the allies. Efforts continue to induce
the United States to take over the
mandatory for Constantinople, but no
disposition has appeared among the
American delegation to accept it.
Phone your want ads to The Orego
nian. Phone Main 7070, A 6095.
ated governments, for instance, so far
as concerns the restoration of private
property, the search for persons who
have disappeared and the care to be
taken of graves. The German peace
delegation presumes that, for ques
tions such as these, complete reciprocity
may be required for general reasons of
Immediate Action Desired.
"Because of the great technical dif
ficulty of repatriating prisoners of
war and interned civilians, especially
in view of the shortage of tonnage and
the lack of coal, the greatest import
ance should be attached to finding a
solution of all preliminary questions
before the dispatch of the repatriated
prisoners and interned civilians actual
ly begins. For that reason the Ger
man peace delegation proposes that the
commission should start its delibera
tions forthwith separately from all
"The explanation of this proposal
lies, first, in the fact that there are
thousands of German prisoners of war
and interned civilians in overseas coun
tries, but the German delegation is
likewise thinking of the Germans who
are in Siberia, and whose dispatch
seems to be a question not only of
special urgency, but of extraordinary
Internal Policy Considered.
"The German delegation for reasons
of internal policy regards it of the
utmost importance that the German
prisoners of war and interned civilians
should be returned to their homes in
as normal a condition as possible, in
order that they might there be brought
back a rapidly as possible into th
economic life of the country. That
only appears possible, the precise set
tlement of transport problems apart
if everything possible is done to im
prove the mental and physical state of
those who are 'returning home.
"Having regard to the present situ
ation in respect of economic existence
in Germany, it must be admitted that
Germany is unable to do with her own
resources everything required in order
to secure that end. This refers espe
cially to food and clothing: therefore,
the German delegation thinks it desir
able that the deliberations of the com
mission should likewise include an ex
amination of the question of the man
ner in wtiich the allied and associated
governments might assist Germany in
the solution of these problems.
Clotaiajc Question Raised.
"The question arises, for instance, of
supplying against repayment complete
sets of clothing, underclothing and
civilian clothing and footwear for the
prisoners before their dispatch.
"I avail myself, etc..
Text of the reply approved by the
council of the principal allied and asso
ciated powers to the letter from Count
von Brockdorff-Rantzau. dated May
"Paris. May 22, 1919. Sir: The rep
resentatives of the allied and associ
ated powers have given consideration
to the repatriation of the German pris
oners of war. In reply, they wish to
state that they cannot agree that pris
oners of war and civilian prisoners who
have been gull yof crimes or penal of
fenses should be released. These crimes
and penal offenses have been comr-iited1
on allied soil and have been dealt with
by the legally, constituted authorities.
wimouc reference xo me iact mac me
wrongdoer was a German rather than
an allied citizen.
Murder by German Cited.
Tor instance, a certain German
prisoner broke at night into the house
of a farmer, on whose estate he was
set to work, and murdered the farmer
and his wife in cold blood with a
bill-hook. For this double murder the
said prisoner was sentenced to death
on June 11. 1918, by a regularly con
stituted courtsmartiaL Under the
Berne convention, however, the exe
cution of the sentence is suspended
until peace is signed. Justice would
certainly not be satisfied, if as a con
sequence of the treaty, this murderer
For these reasons the allied and
associated powers cannot agrre to al
ter the provisions of the draft treaty
In respect of prisoners of war who
have been g-uilty of crimes or penal
- Alleviation Hardly Possible.
"In regard to the second question.
the German peace delegation makes
no specific suggestions as to the al
leviation which they would propose
for the peace and their repatriation.
The allied and associated powers are
not aware , of what alleviation it is
possible to make, seeing that they
have scrupulously endeavored to ob
serve both the laws of war and the I
dictates of humanity in the treatment I
which they have given to prisoners ot
war, and that, as provided in the last
section of article 218, it is essential
that prisoners of war and interned
civilians should remain subject to dis
cipline and control pending their
repatriation, in the interests of all
"The German peace delegation may
rest assured that it is the intention ot
the allied and associated government?
to treat their prisoners of war durins
the period between the signing of the
peace and their repatriation with full
consideration of their feelngs and
Property Rights Recognized.
"The restitution of personal property
to prisoners of war constitutes a legal
right which the allied and associated
powers have every intention of re
specting. As regards information about
the missing, the allied and associated
powers have always endeavored to sup
ply the German' government with all
information in their possession -on this
subject, and they will certainly con
tinue to do so after peace is signed.
Concerning the care of graves, they
would point out that articles 225 and
226 would appear to assure to the Ger
man people that the graves of their
fellow citizens shall be respected and
properly maintained and that so far
as Is practicable under clause 225 the
bodies of their soldiers and eailors may
be transferred to their own country.
Reciprocity Claim Denied.'
"In regard to the German request fot
complete reciprocity, the representa
tives of the allied and associated pow
ers have to state that they feel it nec
essary to include article 222, in view
of the treatment which their own na
tionals have received while interned in
Germany during the war. As there was
no parallel between the treatment
which was accorded to prisoners of
war by the German government on the
one side, and the allied and associated
powers on the other, no claim for reci
procity in this respect can arise.
"In regard to the third question, the
representatives of the allied and asso
ciated powers are ready to do every
thing possible to repatriate German
prisoners of war and interned civilians,
properly fed and in good condition,
after the conclusion of peace. They
regret, -however, that the present de
mands on them for the territories re
cently liberated from the German yoke,
as well as from their own nationals.
will probably make it impossible for
them to supply the prisoners of war
with clothing, etc.. for which the Ger
man delegation asks.
Germans Mast First Sign.
"Finally, in regard to the appoint
ment of a commission to deal with the
repatriation of prisoners. o war, the
representatives of the allied and associ
ated powers- will be glad to set up such
commissions immediately upon the
signing of the treaty of peace. They
regret, however, that they do not see
are notified, of the intention of the
plenipotentiaries of the German em
pire to sign peace.
"I avail myself, etc., etc.
(Signed)- "G. CLEMENCEAU.'
Admen Plan for Convention.
SAN FRANCISCO. May 22. The San
Francisco Advertising club is busy to
day on plans for the delegation which
it will name to attend the Pacific Coast
Advertising Men's convention next
month in Portland. The club was ad
dressed yesterday by Sydney B. Vin
cent, chief of the news service depart
ment of the Portland Chamber of Com
Phone your want ads to The Orego
nian. Phone Main 7070. A 6095.
There Is One Safe Place
Get our selling plan. Let
us help you select the instru
ment for your home. We
can save you $100. Is that
worth anything to you?
-MorchnncfcM ofCMant Onk"
or Merchandise of Merit Only
May the Month of Frocks
the time when the whole world of women is frocked tub frocked because it's blossom time, and
somehow blossom time always suggests new and cool frocks for summer days ahead. And we have
Such' Fetching Frocks
of All Tub Fabrics
You'll find them irresistible: in truth, you will find difficulty in con
fining yourself to one or two. Thereare so many fabrics, so many styles,
so many colors.
Cris p organdies, quaint
printed voiles, gay ging
hams; rack after rack of
them to intrigue your imag
ination of festive summer
good-time occasions not far
The coolest colors, the
most bewitching styles; nar
row, slim silhouettes, crisp
outstanding frills, Quaker
like shawl collars of sheer
Tunics, short Mandarin-like jackets, broad girdles, silk sashes,
pipings of plaid ginghams on organdie, narrow accordion pleated
frills, broad tucks these are but a few of the new touches to
make choosing between these flocks a delightful difficulty.
There are styles for all types, all ages; for matron and
maid; frocks of unusual charm and beauty in delicate
flower tjnts and the brilliant shades so voguish this season.
Prices range from $4.95 to $25.00.
Third Floor Lipman, Wolfe & Co. ,
SUMMER RUGS AT
A true housewife's first consideration in
spring is the home; cool looking rugs do
much to enliven and beautify it.
REVERSIBLE WOOL AND FIBER RrCS
Pize x9, f 9.95. 7.6x10.6. 912.75. 8.3x10.6.
913.-45. "VERY attractive for bedrooms or
COLORED COLOMAL RAG RTJGS
Sir 24x36. 51.23. 27xM. 1.JS. 36x7:.
93.45. Kirmly woven and in pretty shades
of blue, pink or maize.
Fifth Floor LJpman, Wolfe & Co.
1234 WOMEN'S GOOD
HANDKERCHIEFS AT 5c
Broken lines of initial handkerchief
that have been selling for much, much
more. Colored and plain white. Women
will do well to replenish their supply of
kerchiefs and even look into their future
needs a bit, as this is an opportunitynot
likely to occur again.
Street Floor Lipman, W olfe & Co,
A NEW GROUP of COTTON
VOILE BLOUSES, Special at
This is a season of voile blouses : never
have they been so refreshingly charming
in sty le and design.
These crisp new arrivals include both
tailored and fancy models. Tucks, em
broidery, frills and lace characterize them.
At this price you can have several fresh,
dainty blouses for the price of one.
Third Floor Upman, Wolfe 6 Co.
DID YOU HEAR
If so you will doubly
appreciate his records; for
years to come you may
enjoy the rich tones of his
voice in your own home.
We have a complete
line of his and other artists
records which we will be
glad to play for you at
any time. Seventh Floor.
Upman, Wolfe & Co.
Women's Gloves Broken Lines
Kids, Capes, Lambskins
Sizes 5Yz to 8
A real glove opportunity, these fine quality kids, capes
and lambskins in black, white, gray, brown, tan and navy
in a good assortment of sizes, 5yz to 8. Not every size in
Street Floor Lip man, Wolfe & Co.
The Right Kind of Luggage
Half the pleasure of traveling depends upon the right kind
of luggage. We are exclusive Portland agents for and highly
recommend the celebrated MENDEL DRUCKER
New Light Weight Suitcases, $2 to $7.25
A new line of these ; just the suitcase for summer trips.
New Fiber Covered Steamer Trunks
$13.50 to $35.00
Three-ply veneer fiber covered steamer trunks.
And now about that fitted auto kit. There's a complete
line here, introducing some new "wrinkles" $8.50 to
Fifth Floor Lipman, Wolfe & Co.
A Maytag Washer
Works While You Play
Secure your Maytag Electric Washer
now and look forward to a happy sum
mer with the family laundry problem all
solved for you.
Convenient terms arranged to suit your
Household Efficiency) Section.
Lipman, W olfe & Co.
If these sox weren't "seconds" they would
sell for just about double these special prices,
and the imperfections are so slight at that
you'd scarcely notice them.
Pure thread silks and silk fibers, in all
sizes and colors; thoroughly reinforced.
Wonder values. Street Floor,
Just Inside Washington Street Entrance.
Leather Coats More
of those swagger three
quarter models in leather
and chamoise auto and
street coats; tan. brown,
suede color, and priced
$50 to $75.
Lipman, Wolfe Gr Co.
Ramie Linen Riding
Habits . for the smartly
garbed equestrienne; trig
and smart as can be; new
ones are here at $27.50.
Lipman, Wolfe 6r Co.
Such Delightful Silk
Sweaters New Tux
edo and slipover models;
the first kind with their
long graceful collars; the
latter in simple Chinese
coat style or sleeveless
and snug fitting. Be
sashed and girdled in the
payest new shades. From
$10.50 to $35.
Lipman, Wolfe 6- Co.