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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGOXIAX, THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1919.
LONG DELAY !"J PEACE
PARLEYS IS FORESEEN
.Allies Divided in Opinions as to
What Foe Wiii Do.
TURKEY TO BE SPLIT UP
imperialism to Rule and British,
l-'rench, and Italians Will Divide
y Spoils of Once Big Empire.
' BY HERBERT BATARD SWOPE.
ICopyrlght by the New York World. Pub
lished by arrangement.)
PARIS, May 21. (Special cable.)
Fermany's peace delegation today won
1 concession from the big four which
Iniay result in considerable delay in the
Iconclusion of peace. A request ty
(Tount von Brockdorf f-Rantzau for an
1 Extension of time in which to complete
the Oerman reply on the peace terms
vas granted by the biff four, a week, or
tintil May 29, being given. The reply
vas to have been submitted tomorrow.
Tho reason assigned for the German
request was that it had not been pos
sible to complete the Berlin point of
View on vital features of the treaty.
The time granted, however, was not
flvhat wan desired, for Count von Brock
florf f-Rantzau and his associates think
they Khould have at least three weeks
In which to accept or reject the terms.
, Ijonic Delay Forewen.
If the German reply should be ready
(it the end of the week now granted
tliat will not end the delay, according
to the best informed opinion. This
flocument is expected to run to 50,000
fu-ords and may ko even to double that
length. It is believed that at least a
fortnight must be given by the allied
Jeaders to the study of the reply and
the formulation of an answer to it.
Then will come the question whether
(Germany will sign the treaty as the
fellies determine it shall stand in their
enswer. Opinion is divided on this sub-
Sect. Premier Lloyd George at a. recent
ciinncr to British journalists expressed
the opinion that tho Germans would
(not sign, but in British quarters to-
jday it was felt that, after taking ad
Vantage of all the delays they could
accomplish, that they would do so.
MtsMlng Pouch Found.
American technical experts incline
to the belief that the treaty will be
(finally accepted substantially as writ
ten, but others think that the present
delegation will resign and that another
delegation will have to be appointed
to accept the terms and say they signed
t under coercion.
The Hotel des Reservoirs was buz
zing this morning over the disappear
ance of a diplomatic pouch, a courier
kvas carrying from Versailles to Ber
lin. After prolonged search the miss
ing bag was found under a pile of
Jtrunks in the baggage car of the Paris
The allied commission dealing with
She financial, industrial and freight
(questions conferred with, their German
tepposites at the Trianon palace yes
terday afternoon. Tho discussion was
Ironfined to technical matters origi
ating with the armistice. At St. Ger
"main, the Austrians still lead lives of
(reposeful ease. The first courier they
(have dispatched to Vienna, left last
lvolehak's Victories Denied.
A wireless dispatch from Moscow
nakes specific denial of the reported
tl-ictories of Admiral lColrhnlc and Gen-
1 eral Denikine, and says that a great of-
fensive was being undertaken by the
"bolshevikt against both these leaders.
If this news be true, it ends the hope
Cf the recent Russian pacification
formula becoming workable and Russia
will remain an open sore. The bol
rehevik foreign minister, Tchitcherin,
cent a wireless to Bela Kun that the
eettacks suffered by the bolshevik
ermies had been due to their withdraw
als from various fronts in order to
launch a great offensive against Ad
Imperialism will feast its full upon
9"urkey. Whatever doubt existed as to
the disposition of that once mighty em
pire was dissipated yesterday afternoon
when the conclusion was finally reached
to begin a dis.nemberment process of
tiistributing choice bits among the al
lies who have been disaffected by their
treatment on other subjects. Turkey
4s to be a sort of universal sop.
V. S. to Oct Nothing.
The only point of satisfaction is that
America will not share in the swag.
"Britain s insistence that Constantinople
t-hall remain Islamic is likely to result
ffn her receiving a mandate, possibly in
Conjunction with France and Italy, su-
Jierviaed by a league of nations commis
Another of the latest suggestions
fconcerring Constantinople is that it
should be constituted an independent
State, with a residence for the sultan,
vho would retnin bis spiritual and tem
poral rower. British apprehension as
t the effect of Musselman subjects. If
the sultan were to be expelled from
Europe, explains the revision of plans
to that end.
Old Treaties Discussed.
The council of five foreign ministers
today discussed the revision of the
Belgian neutrality treaties of J 839.
Dutch Minister Heckeren said that
Holland, while willing to make con
cessions to Belgium in respect to the
use of the Scheldt river, would cede do
territory and would not consent to
making the river free to navigation.
Both sides have now been heard and
a decision is expected within a few
days. The Belgians had hoped that
the conference would cede certain Ger
man territory to Holland and that Bel
gium would get Limburg, but the con
ference decided that such an exchange
would run counter to the policy of
President Wilson has taken action on
the application of the Irish-American
delegation to use his good offices to
secure safe conduct for the Sinn Fein
delegates to the Paris conference. His
statement on the subject has been con
sidered and approved by the American
peace delegation, and it will be pub
lished in due course. . .
It is not known whether the presi
dent's action takes the form of an ap
plication to Premier Lloyd George or
a reply to the Irish-American delega
General Pershing's visit to London
and the proposed parade of the Amer
ican troops there have been abandoned.
owing to the difficulty of making ar
rangements in view of the uncertainty
over the German action on the peac
TERMS SA!D TO MEAN
RUIN FOR GERMANY
TREATY DECLARED UNJUST
BIG GIFTS TO BE
REPCBI.IC.VNS TO LIMIT CON
TRIBUTIONS TO $1000.
New Plan Announced by Chairman
Hays Marks Passing of Huge
Donations from Corporations.
WASHINGTON, May ,21. Chairman
Hays of the republican national com
mittee announced today no contribu
tion of more than 1000 would be re
ceived from any one for the financing
of the coming republican campaign and
launched a plan of country-wide small
The new plan marks the passing of
great campaign contributions from
corporations and individuals, long the
subject of attack by the republican
party's political opponents. The chair
man will outline the plan in detail at
a conference here tomorrow and Fri
day with the republican state chair
"Every one recognizes the necessity
of meeting legitimate campaign ex
penses," said Mr. Hays. "There is just
one way for this money to be provided
and that is by means of small contribu
tions from the great membership of the
party. This plan will be followed com
pletely. A general committee of ways
and means, acting with Mr. Upham, the
treasurer, will carry this work into
each state and into the cities and towns
with a definite organiaztion for the
raising of money. The epurpose will
be to get small contributions from
great many members of the party. It
is planned to have the sustaining con
tributions run from year to year and
in amounts from 1 up. No contribu
tion of more than $1000 will be re
ceived from anyone."
An inside story
ii from Wash
ington telling of
the President's at
secret treaties be
fore he wrote the
Read Why Wil
son Was Defeat
ed in Paris in this
week's issue of
At all newsstands
Suhorriprion $4 a year
'WETS' GIVE REHRGWINT
PETITION TO ATIX REFERENDUM
PRESSED AT OLYMPIA.
lea Made for Peace on Basis
of Wilson's 14 Points.
Ruling of Oregon Supreme Court in
Rejecting Application Made
Point of Attack.
OLYMPIA, "Wash., May 21. (Spe
cial.) After reargument hearing that
consumed the entire afternoon session,
the supreme court today took under
final consideration the petition for
mandatory orders directing the secre
tary of state to accept a referendum
upon joint legislative ratification of
the national prohibition amendment.
Originally this petition was instituted
at the instance of Theodore A. Bell,
attorney for the California Grape
growers' association, as a means of de
laying ratification of the federal
amendment in states having referen
Eastern interests opposed to nation
al prohibition were represented in the
further argument heard today before
a full bench of nine judges. Judge
George Turner of Spokane made the
principal argument In support of the
petition as a measure constitutionally
subject to referendum. Assistant Attorney-General
Glenn J. Fairbrook ap
peared for the state.
The ruling of the Oregon supreme
court in rejecting a similar application
offered an important point of attack
by the petitioners and of defense by
the state in sustaining the action of
the secretary of state.
LABOR VIEWS INDORSED
PRESBYTERIANS FIND CAUSE TO
Interchurch World Movement Caus
es Heated Debate and Matter Is
Left to Executive Commission.
SHAKE INTO YOUR SHOES
SAlIen's Foot-Ease, the antiseptic powder to
te shaken into the shoes and sprinkled in
the- foot-bath. The PJattsburg Camp Manual
advises men In training: to use Foot-Ease in
their ehoea each mornlnjr. It prevents blis
ters and sore soots and relieves nninfni
r swollen, smarting feet a nd takes the a tins
ut or corns and bunions. A certain relief
or sweating, callous, tired, aching feet. Al
ways use Allen's Koot-Kase to break in new
f noes. duiu everywnere. aqv.
Your Best Asset
A Skin Cleared By
All drutrrists: Soep anointment 2fi & B0. Tafeora 26
Sample mfn Trqe or vwcnr. utpt. . www.
ST. LOUIS, May 21. The 131st gen
eral assembly of the Presbyterian
church. United States of America, to
day unanimously adopted a resolution
indorsing- that part of President YV il-
son s message to congress yesterday
pertaining to the industrial situation
and urging that a programme be form
ulated to bring about closer rela
tions between capital and labor.
After heated debate as to whether
the assembly should indorse tho inter
church world 'movement, which plans
the alliance of all Protestantism, the
matter was turned over to the execu
tive "commission with full power to
act within the coming year.
A resolution presented by the Rev.
Prank M. Silsley of Oakland, Cal., call
ing on the governor of Ohio to prevent
the willard-Dempsey fight July 4
failed of adoption. The resolution de
clared the fight should be opposed be
cause on of the participants failed to
answer the call to patriotic duty.
No vote was taken on the resolution,
owing to insufficient time for discus
sion. However, several commissioners
expressed themselves as against the
assembly taking any action for
against the fight.
German Cabinet Says Rejection of
Terms Is Forced to Prevent Na
tion's Economic Destruction.
BERLIN", May 20. Germany declines
to sign the peace terms laid before it
because they spell the "economic de
struction, political dishonor and moral
degradation of the entire German na
tion, not only for the present, but also
for still unborn generations," was a
statement authorized by the cabinet
today through the Associated Press.
That these consequences must logi
cally follow acceptance of the peace
conditions the American press itself
as recognized without question," the
statement continues. "Toward them
Germany took the standpoint that ac
ceptance of such conditions could not
be demanded and that the entente was
unjustified in imposing such demands.
Boches Set Forth Claims.
"Germany has not only a moral right
to compliance with the general prom
ises made it, but a firmly grounded,
definite, clearly defined claim, accord
ing to the basic rules of international
law, on all the entente powers and
especially on the United States. A spe
cific recognition of the rights of Ger
many and of the German peoples to a
peace of right, justice and reconcilia
tion, instead of the paragraphed song
of hate which was written at Versailles,
is contained in the note of the Ameri
can Secretary of State Lansing of No
vember 5, 1918.
"In it the secretary' of state notified
the Swiss minister in Washington un
conditionally that the established basis
of President Wilson's 14 points should
be authoritative for the peace condi
tions. Secretary Lansing announced
further that the entente governments
after careful consideration also were
prepared to recognize the conditions
set up by President Wilson as the basis
for the conclusion of peace.
Versailles Terms Scored.
The declaration of rights emanat
ing from these specific declarations of
all the entente powers and the United
States constitutes Germany's sole asset
in the ereneral moral breakdown of all
international politics which has found
unsurpassable expression in the Ver
"Germany answers them with its
clearly juristic right in international
law. Toward the politico-moral bank
ruptcy of Versailles the German nation
stands as a creditor with undeniable
ritrhts. and it is not in a position to
yield on this chief point. Germany
concluded neace on the basis of Presi
Hont Wilson's 14 points, which all
Amrir-a had made its own, and all
America, every individual. Is responsi
ble fnr the fulfillment of its claims.
"It is not the German people's busi
ness to indicate how its rights shall be
realized hv the 14 points, or especially
by the note of Secretary Lansing. That
rather is the task of those who con
structed the 14 points and brought them
tn sr.f-entnnce. thereby inducing Gec-
manv to lav down her weapons. We
rfn tint believe that President Wilson
Secretary Lansing and the American
nennle. pan take other than this German
standpoint if they do not wish to do
that which President Wilson in his mes
sage of December 4, 1917. condemned
categorically when he said: 'We -would
dkhnnnr our own cause li we ireaieu
"Germany any other than Justly and in a
nonpartisan manner ana aia noi insist
upon justice toward all. no matter how
the war ended. Wo demand nothing
which we are not ready ourselves to
-Wilson Fromlnea Referred To.
"And the German people demand
nothing more than that which Presi
dent Wilson announced in this declara
tion. We demand nothing more than
that Americans placo the 14 points op-
rosite the peace terms. we ao no
believe that anynoe in the United
States will then have the courage to
claim that there can be found in the
peace condtions one single trace left of
the president s programme.
"And here begins America's definite
duty to step in. America either mus
nut its 14 points through, or it mus
declare that it is unable to do so or
that it does not want to do so, so tha
in no case may the world be led to
believe that America desires to have
the peace conditions count as President
Wilson's 14 points.
"That is our demand to which
cling, and we cannot imagine what ar
gument from the American side would
be effective against it.
In President Wilson's message to
congress on December 4, 1917. there 1
no passage in textual agreement with
the quotation in the cabinet statement.
In that message the president said:
"Th wrongs, the very deep wrongs,
committed in this war will have to be
righted. That, of course. But they
cannot and must not be righted by the
commission of similar wrongs against
Germany and her allies. The world
will not permit commission of similar
wrongs as a means of reparation and
Wilson's Language (tooted.
In his Baltimore speech of April 6,
1918,- the president used language of
which the German cabinet statement
appears to be a paraphase. On that
occasion he said:
"We have ourselves proposed no in
justice, no aggression. We are ready,
whenever the final reckoning is made,
to be just to the German people, deal
fairly with the German power, as with
all others. There can be no difference
between peoples In the final judgment,
if it is, indeed, to be a righteous judg
ment. To propose anything but Jus
tice, even-handed and dispassionate
justice to Germany at any time, what
ever tho outcome of the war, would be
to renounce and dishonor our own
cause. For we ask nothing that we
are not willing to accord."
Police Officers Arraigned.
OAKLAND. Cal. May 21. Former
Chief of Police J. Henry Nedderman,
Corporal of Police Thomas O'Neill, and
Dave Cockrell, alleged king of the gam
blers, were arraigned today before Su
perior Judge Quinn on indictments
charging the acceptance of bribes and
extortion. The plea for two weeks in
which to make their plea was denied
and the date was set as Wednesday
RADICALS SENT TO PRISON
Morris and Joe Pass Fail to Appear,
and Deputy Gets Them.
SEATTLE, May 21. Morris and Joe
Pass, Seattle brothers convicted on
charges of seditious conspiracy last
February, were taken today to the fed
eral penitentiary at McNeil's Island
to serve the two years' terms given
them. The Pass brothers yesterday told
the officers they would report early
to be taken to the island. When they
did not appear a deputy sheriff was
sent for them.
Hulet M. Wells and Sam Sadler, who
werte convicted with the Pass brothers,
also face sentences of two years. The
circuit court oi appeals recently up
held their conviction.
Air Mail to Travel Fast.
Portland residents can take advan
tage of the air -mail service, and can
enjoy even greater service by the use
of a special delivery stamp. Since the
Bolshevism and the Soviets
A New Weekly Magazine Devoted to Russian Problems
Read "Struggling Russia" and you will understand the mischievousness of
the Bolshevist and the Parlor-Bolshevist propaganda in this country which tries
to convince the American people that Bolshevism and Sovietism are not one and
the same thing, and tjiat the Soviets are old, democratic Russian institutions like
the Mir and Zemstvo.
Read "Struggling Russia" and you will understand, first, that the Soviets are
new institutions having nothing in common with the Mir and Zemstvo, and, sec
ond, as the article quoted below puts it, that "the Soviets have degenerated into
narrow, bureaucratic class organizations, brazenly trampling upon all the rights
of civil freedom."
Soviets Are Not Democratic Institutions
M. K. Eroshkin, Chairman of the Perm'
Committee of the Party of Socialists-Revolutionists
and former member of the Provisional Gov
ernment of the Ural, who came to this country
with Catherine Breshkovsky, says:
MnpHE SOVIETS are not democratic institution, bnt merely
the dictatorship of the Bolaneviki.
"According; to the Soviet Constitution, Russia is governed
by Soviets of Deputies, elected by the secret, direct and equal
vote of all the working masses. In fact, there never was either
a secret election in Soviet Russia, or one based on equal suffrage.
Elections are usually conducted at a given factory or foundry
at open meetings, by the raising of hands, and always under
the knowing eye of the chairman. The majority of the workers
very frequently do not take any part in these elections at all.
The rights of a minority are never recognized, as proportional
representation has been rejected.
"As regards direct elections, it is again a mere phrase.
The Central Executive Committee, which is supposed to embody
the supreme administrative organ of the country, was actually
being elected through a four-grade system. Local Soviets send
their representatives to the Provincial Congress; the Provincial
Congress is represented by delegates at the All-Russian Con
gress, and only this last body elects the Central Executive Com
mittee. Often the delegates are not elected by the regular meet
ings of the Soviets at all, but are sent by the Executive Com
mittees, cleverly handpicked by the Bolsheviki after the system
of proportional representation was rejected.
The exclusion from the Soviets of all who think differently
from the Bolsheviki developed gradually. They 'cleansed the
Soviets in Perm and Ekaterinburg in January, 1918; in Ufa,
Saratov, Samara, Kazan and Yaroslavl in December, 1917; in
Moscow and PetrograJ in February, 1918. They were excluding
all Socialists-Revolutionists and the Mensheviki, to say nothing
of the People's Socialists and members of the Labor Group.
So, practically, there remained only Bolsheviki in the
Soviets. And as there was no difference of opinion among them,
regular meetings were soon abandoned altogether, and the osten
sible rule of the working masses' thus definitely disappeared.
A few persons, often appointed from above (the Bolsheviki often
had recourse to bayonets to support the fiction of Soviet Rule:
in Toman the Executive Committee of a non-existent Soviet
was brought from Ekaterinburg -onder a convoy of 800 Red
Guards.) would rule and lord it over the people, tired and weary
f the war and stexUeaocial wvohrthm."
(Strut, ghne Rmi, April fi, 1919.) '
Mir, Zemstvo and Soviet
Comparing the Soviets with the old Russian
institutions Mir and Zemstvo M. K. Eroshkin
TTlSTORICALLY, the 'Mir' was born in the Russian village
to solve land problems and relations. The Zemstvo insti
tutions were created in 1864, as a concession of the Tzar's Gov
ernment to the popular movement, with a jurisdiction over cer
tain local "wants and uses.' The Soviets first came into being
in 1905, and developed in 1917 as revolutionary organs aiming
at the protection of the gains of the Revolution.
"Politically, the 'Mir was a popular assembly of the
holders of land lots in a village. The Zemstvos were organs of
the popular will, elected on the basis of universal, direct, equal,
secret and proportional suffrage. The Soviets, according to
the Soviet constitution, are class organizations, a dictatorship
of the proletariat,' elected by limited, indirect, unequal, open
and not proportional suffrage, i. e., elections conducted in full
disregard of all democratic and Socialist principles.
"Practically, the 'Mir concerned itself only with land and
kindred problems in the peasant village. The Zemstvo, how
ever, was the actual free expression of the general will of the
people and was charged with the construction and regeneration
of Russian life on the foundations of right and liberty. The
Soviets have degenerated into narrow, bureaucratic class or
ganizations, brazenly trampling upon all the rights of civil
freedom. Instead of liberty license; instead of legality law
lessness; instead of democracy tyranny, and instead of social
peace civil war, assault, homicide and rivers of blood."
("Struggling Rutria" April 5, 1919.)
The Future of Democracy in Russia
The Soviets will not rule Russia. They will
either disappear or remain as class organizations
without any governmental functions. Formulat
ing the programme of the Russian democracy
struggling against Bolshevism, Catherine Bresh
kovsky, the "Grandmother of the Russian Revo
lution,'' sets down, among others, the following
1. The reestablishment of municipal and rural (Zemstvo)
self-government on the basis of the laws passed by the Russian
2. The resumption of the work of the Committees assigned
to prepare the plans for the organization of regional Dumas
(Siberia, Ural, Northern Provinces, Southern Provinces, etc),
and the renewal of the functioning of the Regional Governments.
3. The declaration as null and void of all the decrees of
the Bolsheviki, with the adoption of a policy of gradual transi
tion from conditions under their regime to the newly moulded
forms, on the basis of temporary regulations to be ordained
either by the future Provisional Government or by the Con
4. The summoning in tha -briefest possible time of an All
Russian Constituent Assembly on the basis of the election law
promulgated by the Provisional Government.
("Stntfglimo Bumaia,- April 12, 1919.)
(The first eight issues of the magazine contain articles by Catherine Breshkovsky,
Nicholas Tchaikovsky, Alexander Kerensky, Leonid Andreiev, Paul Miliukov,
Vladimir Bourtzev, C. M. Oberoucheff, Emanuel Aronsberg, M. K. Eroshkin,
Vladimir Zenzinov, A, J. Sack and others.
not fail to read "STRUGGLING RUSSIA." The
Russian problem is the central World Problem of to-day.
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establishment of air mail service be
tween Chicago and Cleveland. O.. May
15, it is found that letter mail bearing
the required postage of 6 cents per
ounce or fraction thereof, and con
spicuously marked "Air Mail," and
which is deposited in the postoffice in
time to be dispatched on O.-W. R. & N.
train 6. leaving Portland at 11 P. M.
and connecting with Burlington train
8 at Omaha, will bo delivered in Cleve
land, O., in the. afternoon instead of the
following morning; in Albany, N. Y.. in
the morning instead of the afternoon,
and in New YorVe City in the morning
instead of the afternoon.
Floating Cannery Is Burned.
SAN PEDRO, Cal., May 21. The float
ing fish cannery John G. North, which
before its conversion wa a sailing ves
sel plying between Honolulu and San
Francisco and other Pacific coast ports.
was burned to the water's dge the
morning of May 11 oft Cape Ean Lucjj
on the coast of Lower California, ac
cording to word brought here today by
the fishing launch Rex.
TRACK WALKER IS KILLED
John Chrcst, Aged 68, Found Dead
in Tunnel Near Pasco, Wash.
PASCO, AVash.. May 21. (Special.)
Coroner H. B. O'Brien and Sheriff Hays
were called to Snake River junction
this week to investigate the case of
John Chrest, who was found dead in
tunnel No. 4. It was at first thought
that there had been foul play in con
nection with his death, but after an in
vestigation the coroner was satisfied
that the deceased had met his death
by a train.
The body was brought to Pasco,
where it is at tho undertaking rooms
of the Lee-Perry company. Chrcst was
a trackwalker, was 68 years of age
and had been working for the company
at that point for about four years.
Sour stomach (heartburn). Belching.
Swelling and Full Feeling, so frequently
complained of after meals relieved in
Two Minute.. Almost instant relief
from Pains in the Stomach caused by
SENT FREE DAYSr
Send lOe for Postage and War Tax.
name and address, and we will send
you on approval our stomach prepara
tions, Jo-tu, for 30 days, at which time
you are to send us (1.00 or return the
unused portion if not perfectly satisfied.
Addrewi Helll.gham Caemlcal Co.,
KEEP Luden's at yosr
- bedside. Remove C;
the tickle;' purify the Jj
the mouth. -s. "