Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
TIIE 3IOBXIXG OREGONIAN, THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1919.
NEAR EAST ISSUE 13
BATTLE OF CHARTS
Paris Misled by Many Kinds of
TEUTONIC IMPRINTS SHOWN
Attempt 3rade to Prove That Armen
ians Robbed and Massacred
BY WILLIAM T. ELLIS.
Copyright by the New York Herald Com
pany. Published by Arrangement.)
CONSTANTINOPLE. "Figures can
riot lie, but liars can figure," is a cyn
icism perhaps too bald to apply to the
diplomatic use of statistics in the near
east, but anything less definite would
not state the facts which confront an
Bedrock to any permanent settle
ment of the near eastern question is the
determination of what races and re
ligions occupy a given area and their
relative proportions. If Greeks predom
inate in Thrace and Western Anatolia,
they have a basis of claim to be award
ed sovereisnty there. So the Greek
official figures show in great detail the
numerical .superiority of Hellenic pop
ulation. No room is left for doubt or
discussion. The case is closed, settled
"Feenish Johnny," as they say in
Along come the Turkish claims, of
ficial also, mark you, and supported by
various disinterested authorities. At
once one wonders at the mendacity of
the Greeks, who would dare to make
tuch false and unfounded claims. At
least, one might wonder if this were
his first experience with near eastern
statistics. For the Turks demonstrate
utterly that the Ureeks are so small a
minority as to be insignificant.
Be it remembered, these are not the
idle figurines of irresponsible zealots.
They are prepared by responsible gov
ernments for presentation to the Paris
commission. Yet each discredits the
And the traveler himself who goes 1
over the ground in question is likely
to discredit both. For a population
claimed as Greek or Turkish may real
ly be Bulgarian. So a district which
Armenians and Turks each call theirs
may be Georgian, Kurdish, Greek or
Syrian. A lover of euphemisms could
safely say that the orient is the re
gion of the inexactitude.
When the Turks put forth their
printed-in-Germany tables they affect
a fine show of impartiality by proving
that the population of two or three
islands including Cyprus, which be
longs to Great Britain is predomi
Did Armenians Mauacre Turks?
Credulity is taxed, however, when
the official memorial addressed to the
powers by the Ottoman government
undertakes to show by statistics that
the Armenians have within five years
massacred more than 1,000,000 innocent
Moslem men, women and children! In
private conversation with me Turkish
officials freely translate this Into "mil
lions." When I flatly told Rustim Bey,
the one-time ambassador to Washing
ton, that I did not believe these figures
he was apparently astonished and took
on such an air of affronted dignity that
a challenge to a duel would have been
quite in atmosphere.
As an aside upon this matter It is to
be said that most Turks cither deny or
minimize the reports of the Armenian
atrocities. Their attitude i3 of injured
innocence, victims of propaganda and
of their own lack of opportunity to be
heard abroad. It is the complaint of
adolescence, "Nobody understands me."
If the truth were known, runs the rea
soning, the Turks would be seen in
the light of long-suffering victims of
oppressive minorities! "No Turk ever
massacred an unarmed man or a wom
an or child," declared an English
speaking Turk to me, with the fire of
conviction in his eye. as we sat at
lunch in the Cercle d'Orient.
On my table at the moment as I
write are two albums and a big, thick
book showing by text and photographs
all evidently prepared somewhere near
the northern terminus of the Berlin-
Bagdad railway that the Armenians
plotted, conspired, robbed, raped and
massacred, and there are the portraits
of the slain to prove it. The text at
tached to the pictures in the albums
is in four languages, a bit of propagan
da done with characteristic Teutonic
thoroughness, although stamped with
a Turkish seal.
Practically all these atrocities charged
against the Armenians are located in
the Caucasus and in regions where I
myself have traveled since the date of
their alleged perpetration. A few
other Americans, consuls and relief
workers, have been in the same region.
and by a coincidence these men during
the last few days have been in Con
stantinople; and I have talked with
them about the charges made by the
Turkish government. Likewise, I have
inquired of the British experts. There
are always one or more British experts
upon every hit or the earth s surface
if one may only get at them.
In this case the extreme figures to
be debited against the Armenians are
unofficially British; namely, that not
more than 25,0.00 Moslems have been
massacred by Armenians within the
last five years. Even that is rather
an appalling total, but it must be set
over against the provocation and the
fact that nearly a million Armenians
were slain, and perhaps as many more
survive, starving, In exile, by the fiend
ish cruelty of the Turkish government.
Y ou re another is a poor answer for
the Turco-Teutonic cabal to make to
the Armenians. Some day an inde
pendent international commission will
give us the facts, in balance and pro
portion. To return to the theme of statistics!
One of the cruel and inhuman weapons
that has come into general use in this
war is the ethnographic chart. This is
meant to show who's who and where in
the disputed regions of the earth, like
Alsace-Lorraine, the Balkans and Tur
key: By colored dots, squares, stars
and circle, it purports to tell the loca
tion and size of each racial group. The
first of these vivid charts one encount
ers is most impressive. The fairness
of it carries one away. Here is the
truth at a glance.
Alas, that is only a first impression!
For the very next ethnographic chart
that is poked under one's nose by some
zealous partisan proves diametrically
the opposite of the first. There even
may be a third, to make clear that the
two others were entirely wrong. Ap
parently it is all merely a matter of
access to a color press.
As new and elaborate and beautiful
ethnographic charts are flashed before
me they leave me stone cold. I attach
more weight to the opinion of an honest
man who has visited the regions in
question than to all the ethnographic
charts ever published.
Charts, tables, maps and observers
all unite in making clear one basic con
dition in the Near East. This must be
understood before a student can get
anywhere with a solution of the prob
lem. It is that races and religions are
inextricably intermingled. A few square
miles may contain distinctive villages
of four or five contending rfations or
groups. A snake would break its back
trying to mark a boundary between
Much more is it impossible simply
impossible for the Paris commission
or any other body to erect a line of di
vision that will respect the racial and
religious claims which are paramount
here. Where the nations impinge there
are no solid blocks of population that
can be treated as unities.
Except by vast migrations, it is out
of the question to enable each man or
village to dwell under the sovereignty
of its choice. Some strong overlordship
will have to be interposed to give
everybody justice where he now is, ir
respective of his past or hi3 predilec
tions. That suzerain, or mandatory,
will have as an important part of its
work the difficult task of teaching peo
ple how to get along amicably one with
the other. For the old state of affairs
breeds only suspicion, fear, antipathy,
disorder and statistics!
POLES WHIP UKRAINIANS
ARMY IX GAIilCIA REPORTED TO
BE IX FCLIi FLIGHT.
Ckraine Premier Scores Allies for
Supporting Poles YVhenIjattcr
Break Agreement and right.
WARSAW, May 20. By the Associ
ated Press.) Drohobycz, Boryslaw and
Mikolajow have been captured by the
Poles in their campaign in Galicia, says
an official statement issued today. The
Poles have crossed the Dneister river
ear Rozwadow, according to the state
ment, which adds:
The prisoners taken have not yet
been counted. The enemy is fleeing
n a panic.
VIENNA, May 20. (By the Associ
ated Press.) Fighting of the most Be
vere character is in progress between
the Poles and Ukranians in Eastern Ga
icia, according to reports received
ere. M. Holubowicz, premier of West
Ukraine, in a statement telegraphed
The insane policy of the allies in
upporting the Poles is responsible for
the situation. The allies etipulated
that General Haller's army should not
be used against us, but it is being
done. Premier Paderewski is making
comedy threat of resigning because
of being unable to keep his promises.
"May the blood of thousands of Poles
n the Ukraine be upon the heads of
those who are directing or permitting
the attacks and the destruction of the
Ukraine's hopes to be free."
Purifies the Blood
TO TKACH YOU IX A
Come dance with ou
many expert lady an
gent lemen instructors.
Private lessons daily
VFW ClASSKS THIS WEEK
REKIXER$, MONDAY AND THIRS
lY EVENING Si ADVANCED TIES
DAY AND FRIDAY EVENINGS.
RINGLER'S DANCING ACADEMY
Mth St. at Washington. Bdwy. 3380.
TRADITIONAL LOCK OF
Science Solves Weather Prob
lems in Way Denied British.
EVERY SAFEGUARD TAKEN
Xaval Experts Spend Months Dig
ging XJp Data on Aerial Con
ditions Before Start.
it 1 i
WEEK MORE GIVEN B0CHES
'Continued From First Page.)
the former Government as the party
which was solely or chiefly to blame
for the war. The draft of the treaty
contains no facts in support of this
ew; no proof on the subject is furn-
shed therein. The German delegates
therefore beg you to be so good as to
communicate to them the report of the
commission set up by the allied and as
sociated governments for the purpose
of establishing the responsibility of the
The reply of Premier Cleraenceau
"In your note you etate that Germany
while 'accepting,' in November, 1918.
"the obligation to make reparation,' did
not understand such an acceptance to
mean that her responsibility was in
volved either for the war or for the
acts of the former German government
and that it is only possible to con
ceive ot such an obligation if its origin
and cause is the responsibility of the
author of the damage. You add that
the German people would never have
undertaken a war of aggression.
Own Statement Cited.
Yet, in the note from Secretary of
State Lansing of November 5, 1918,
which you approve of and advise in
favor of your contention, it is said that
the obligation to make reparation arises
out of 'Germanys aggression by land.
sea and air.
As the German government did not
at the time make any protest against
this allegation, it thereby recognized
it as we'll founded. Therefore, Ger
many recognized in 1918, impliedly but
clearly, both the aggression and her
It would be impossible, you state
further, that the German people should
be regarded as the accomplices of the
faults committed by the 'former Ger
man government." However, Germany
has never claimed, and such a declara
tion would have been contrary to all
principles of international law, that
a modification of its political regime
or a change in the governing person
alities would be sufficient to extin
guish an obligation already undertak
en by any nation. She did not act upon
the principle she now contends for
either in 1871 as regards France after
the proclamation of the republic, nor
in 1917 in regard to Russia after the
revolution which abolished the" czarist
"Finally, you ask that the report of
the commission on responsibility be
communicated to you. In reply we beg
to say that the allied and associated
powers consider the reports of the com
missions set up by the peace conference
as documents of an internal character
which cannot be transmitted to you."
BY W. P. EEAZELU
(Copyright by the New York World.
jisnea Dy Arrangement. ;
TREPASSEY, N. F., May 21. Trepas-
sey bay is 18 miles wide, running rrom
Cape Pine to Cape Race, the site of the
great wireless station. The high land
which ends in Cape Pine forms the
western shore of the harbor as well
as of the ba. About 300 years east of
this land runs Powle's Peninsula, a nar
row tongue of land which forms the
western shore of Mutton bay.
The excellence of the -weather that
marked the stay here of the Nancies
was phenomenal. To natives it was a
source of actual astonishment, for they
are entirely frank regarding the climate
and agree that it is generallly bad in
May. Since Friday they have pressed
their luck and potato patches have
been made, cod traps gone over and
schooners repainted by the score. No
better evidence of exceptional weather
could be asked than this.
Nature Kind to Expedition.
Visitors have been told by the men
in charge of the planes some advan
tages have been taken of the compli
ance of the elements. Except for a
stiff breeze, when One was being
moored and suffered in collision with
launch, there has not been a single
untoward moment. Not an hour's de
lay attended the examination of the
planes and making trivial repairs that
were required, effecting readjustments
that suggested themselves or refuel
ing for the long voyage. It is not too
much to say, indeed, that if the offi
cers could have had the making of the
weather during their stay they would
have made just what they got.
One might go to the fanciful length
of imagining that nature had been
awaiting the desires of the Americans
and that when their programme called
for the start on the trans-Atlantic
flight she signed on with them for the
duration of the exploit. When com
parison is made with the heart-breaking
difficulties that have stood in the
way of the Sopwith and Martinsyde ex
peditions at St. John's, it is hard to
believe that the way could bo so smooth
for the Americans.
The long succession of fortunate de
velopments will etand henceforth as
evidence that there is standing luck
in the American navy, as well as in the
British army. But these same develop
ments will bo still more eloquent of
the infinite care, no less than of the
extraordinary presciei.ee with which
preparations for the flight were made.
Some day the full story of that will be
told. When it is, it will be found to
be as amazing as dramatic.
Every Available Record I'aed.
The story of advance preparations
for this flight will furnish a most
important clfapter in tho study of
weather conditions. There was no such
taking things for granted as marked
the coming of the Sopwith and Martin
syde expeditions for a flight for the
prize offered by the London Daily Mail.
On the contrary the Americans con
sulted every available record, and they
found that with patience it was pos
sible to get records covering a long
period of years and covering them in
detail, although all had not been kept
officially or by scientists.
From these observations it was es
tablished that a break in the weather
comes here around May 10. For this
reason the full moon of May was chosen
as the time when the flight should be
made, as the records had promised
Tuesday and Wednesday of last week
brought bitter winds from the north
west, which tore destroyers from their
moorings in the harbor. Thursday did
not bring much improvement, but on I
Friday, May 9, fair weather set in,
though with high winds that lasted all
through Saturday. At sunset on Sat
urday the wind was not too great for
the planes to weather. Sunday and
Monday were days as perfect as any
that New York can boast and though
Tuesday began with fog, the air had
cleared by noon, and the afternoon was
so fine that only the knowledge that
conditions over the ocean would be bet
ter by waiting another 24 hours made
it possible for the voyagers to wait in
In gathering and collating the
weather data, there was a union of
aerographers, of naval experts, ot
weather bureau officials and of the
flyers, who all worked for months in
digging "up the data. As has been said
before, a. programme was laid out in
February, and there has been surpris
ing adherence to it.
Date Set Approximately.
The only official intimation of tTi
achievement is contained in this single
phrase of tho orders co-ordinating the
resources of the department: It is
desired to start from Trepassey on May
14. but if the planes are ready and the
weather favorable a start may be made
on any day after May 10.
It is possible now to say that the
same antecedent preparations attended
all other aspects of the flight. There
was a section on operations headed by
Bellinger and a section on navigation
headed by Towers, with Lieutenant-
Commander R. E. Bird Jr. as associate,
the tenure of office. We don't want
to protect Incompetency. Incompetent 1
teachers are expensive at the best. One 1
poor teacher in a building burdens all J
the capable teachers. We are workin
for the patrons of this city of Port
land, not for any board of managers.
If we want anything we have the bal
lot, let us use that.
That the teacher is employed by the
taxpayers, by labor and capital alike,
was the argument advanced by a Shat
tuck school teacher. She said:
"We went before the taxpayers and
we received liberal support. Are we
now going to lose the friends we
made? Let us be cautious and keep
all these friends. We teach the chil
dren of the laborer and the capitalist
and we must consider the children'
Union Benefits Are Told.
That the teachers would derive bene
fits if they affiliate with the Amer
ican Federation of Labor was the con
tention of Miss Richardson. She de
clared that the people must be edu
cated to higher Ideals; that there is no
reason why the public should expect
charity from the teachers. "They havb
had it long enough," she concluded.
Miss Richardson was referring to
teachers' salaries as "compared with
the amount of work and skill given.
The history of the Chicago federation
as a successful undertaking was quoted
in an article written by Dr. Dewey, pro
fessor of philosophy at Columbia. This
answered Miss Harriett Thayer who
asked if there were concrete examples
where teachers had been helped by
It is possible that another meeting
will be held before the end of the
school term, but it is not probable that
any action will be taken until after
the summer vacation.
CUT COMPANY GETS SITE
DAILEY PRODUCTS CONCERN' TO
BUILD PLANT AT VANCOUVER.
"Merchandise of cJ Merit Only"
60 Women's Highest
D resses H ave Deen
They Are of Finest Tricolettes, Georgettes
and Satin and Georgette Combinations, Etc.
We have grouped sixty of the loveliest afternoon
and calling gowns in our regular stocks and reduced
them for wearing these wonderful spring days.
From prices far. far higher they are reduced.
Up to $93.75
Agreement Is Reached With Rail-
road Company for Lease of
2 7 Acres of Land.
VANCOUVER. Wash., May 21. (Spe
cial.) The price which the Vancouver
port commission Is to pay for the land
to be used by the Dailey Clay Products
company has been agreed upon between
the Spokane, Portland & Seattle Rail
way company and the port commission
and the actual construction of the plant
now only awaits acceptance by the
company of the lease which the com
mission has to offer.
A tentative agreement setting forth
the terms of the lease acceptable to
the port commission was prepared yes
trday by A. L. Miller, attorney, for sub
mission to the products company. Ac
cording to Mr. Miller, the tentative
agreement provides that the products
company Is to have 27 acres of land for
the building site for a term of 30 years.
only upon the condition that they use
the land for their factory and just at
soon as they cease to use it for that
purpose they forfeit all their rights.
The lease provides that the work of
actual construction shall commence
within 30 days after the signing of the
lease. The tentative agreement will be
submitted to attorneys for the com
pany for their approval.
The proposed site lies east of Van
couver barracks and arrangements have
been made with the railroad company
for a spur to oe run to it. At a recent
meeting of the Commercial club, A. L.
Haley, a representative of the com
pany, stated that work would begin
Just as soon as the site is secured.
BAN ON BEER TO BE URGED
National Leaders of Prohibition
Forces Plan Concerted Protest.
CHICAGO. May 21. National leaders
of the prohibition forces will mako a
concerted protest against congressional
removal of the July 1 ban on beer and
light wines, as recommended by Presl
dent Wilson, here next Sunday.
William J. Bryan, former Governor
Malcolm R. Patterson of Tennessee
Richmond learson Hobson and many
others have been named on a long list
TUCK FUNERAL IS TODAY
Doable Services to Be Held; Brother
of Man Who Died in Jail, Here.
Double funeral services for Eugene
Tuck and wife will be held at 4 o'clock
his afternoon at the chapel of J. P.
Finley & Son. Mrs. Tuck was fataaly
shot in her home on the night of May
10, and Tuck died May 14 at the county
Jail while being held pending invest!
gation of the death of his wife.
It is understood that a brother, I. J.
Tuck, has reached Portland and taken
charge of the burial arrangements.
UNION ACTION IS DELAYED
fContlnurd Krom Firwt Page.)
Coos Mud Source of Profit.
MARSIIFIELD, Or., May 21. (Spe
cial.) A shameless rancher profiteer,
who refused to divulge his name, made
J36 last Sunday pulling stalled auto
mobiles from the mud at the eastern
and western termini of the Coos City
bridge, where the rains had created a
mired condition not observable until the
machines plunged in over the hubs.
The rancher said his team could have
made twice as much had the necessary
number of tourists happened along.
Marriage License Issued.
TACOMA. Wash., May 21. A. A. Lin
der and Alice A. Howard, both of Aber
deen, obtained a marriage license in
wonders in some places. Eight locals
are in force in California, and the 79th
charter for a teachers' union has just
been granted at Atlanta, Ga.
Ilan'y Action Is Opposed.
Miss Madge Hill asked. "Is there any
immediate need for our joining
union? It is easy to get in, but hard
to get out. I am not for or against
the proposition, but I want to know
more about it."
The matter of a probable or possible
strike was discussed and Miss Jean
Richardson declared that the charters
carried a no-strike clause. Miss Julia
Spooner argued that if the unions sup
ported the teachers tney would expect
sometning in return.
"If we are going to be fair and
square, three months isn t too long for
us to consider this matter," said Miss
Spooner. "There are more than 608
of us. One hundred may know all about
it. The other 500 may be like me and
need information." She cautioned them
.miss jMary iiarper asKed: "md you
ever realize that the teachers are gov
ernment officials, a part of the gov
ernment? We are exempt from income
tax. If we should take the weapon of
the strike we would be officials strik
ing at our government. I sympathize
with the unions and know they do
good. But we should be careful about
tying ourselves hastily with too many
"We are well organized now. Our
problem now should be to strengthen
To gain an idea of the im
mensity of an edition of The
Delineator, take a single
copy and measure the length
of it. It is 16 inches. In
122 pages and covers there
are 63 sheets each 16 inches
long. Put end to end the
paper in one copy of The
Delineator would therefore
stretch 99 feet. But an edi
tion of The Delineator con
sists of a million copies, and
the paper placed end to end
would reach 15,909 miles, or
from Bangor, Maine, around
the world to Bangkok, Siam
and then on to Tokio. This
huge fqree among the
housewives of America goes
out each month. Does
carry your message?
The Magazine in
One Million Homes
There are frocks
of all types in this
group; that is, of
all lovely, somewhat
dressy style. The
most artistic models
are to be found
among these; frocks
on unusual lines.
simple, plain mod
els Georgette with
tunics and Georg'
ettes with satin un
derskirt. All the fa
vored colors and
models are included.
The new slim silhouette mode, the draped over
skirt, the graceful tunic; all are represented in the
most popular and beautiful colors. In most instances
just one frock of a kind.
Third Floor Lipman. Wolfe & Co.
Tailored Hats for the Car,
for the Turf, the Street
A Spring Grouping at $5
Hats for every out-of-doors occa
sion, where one wants to be com
fortably yet smartly hatted.
These are of pineapple or fancy
rough straws in black or black with
natural or burnt straw facings.
The shapes are regular straight
sailors or drooping brimmed styles
that are most becoming.
Excellent variety at five dollars.
Third Fir. Lipman, W olfe Sr Co.
i i i
The Comfort of a "C. B.
a La Spirite" Corset
is too well known to need additional emphasis. They are built
scientifically to give support to the figure yet allow freedom to
move and walk in perfect comfort.
All the newest models required to give the fashionable spring
and summer silhouette are here for all types of figures. Our expert
corsetieres will find the one to suit your own individual needs.
Fourth Floor Lipman. IVolfc Gr Co.
ON TERMS TO SUIT
will do the family washing
in an amazingly short
time without wear and tear
of the daintiest garments.
Suitable terms will be ar
ranged pay for it as you
do the laundress.
Kff iciency Section,
Lipman, Wolfe & Co.
Funeral dervlces will be conducted by
Rev. H. T. Cash, pastor of Grace Bap
tist church. Interment will be in Rose
Denver Elects Xcw Major.
DENVER. May 21. D.5wey C. Bailey,
commissioner of safety and excise, was
elected mayor of Denver today by a
majority of between 4000 and 5000 over
all candidates in yesterday's non-partisan
municipal election, according to
returns received from more than half
the precincts in the city late last night.
These returns pave Bailey a lead of
2202 over his principal opponent, Cass
K. Herrinarton. an attorney.
of the three
other candidates were
Irs. If. J. Porter of Leon. Kan., no
ticed an old wolf around a tree stump,
and when she investigated she found
eight young wolves. Sho killed them
The votes all and received a bounty of 32.
ROSE FESTIVAL 0REG0NIANS
will be the most interesting and complete issues ever published,
these copies to your friends.
You will want to send
Five Complete Issues, Including Postage, 15c
(Wednesday, June 11, to Sunday, June 15, inclusive)
FILL OUT BLANK FORM AND SEND TO THE OREGONIAN. PORTLAND. OR.
NAME. STREET. TOWN. STATE.
1 . ;
3 j .
4 . ) f
1 t j
8 . '
10 I '
The Oregonian. Portland, Or.
Gentlemen: Inclosed find
Wednesday. June 1 1 . to Sunday, June 1 5.
(Inclose 1 5c for each name.)
, . . for which mail The Rose Festival Oregonian from
inclusive, to each of the above.
Phone Your Want Ads to The Oregonian. Main 7070 A 6095